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Yue Wang, Ye Zhang, Qi Zhang, Huan Chen, Ye Feng
PURPOSE: The aims of this work were: (i) to profile and compare pelvic and cervical microbiota from patients with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID); (ii) to test the ascending infection hypothesis that the microbes in the vagina or cervix spread to the upper genital tract and cause PID. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-eight PID patients and 19 control patients were enrolled in this study and received salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy. Both pelvic and cervical samples were collected during surgery, which were subject to culture diagnosis and next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based 16S rRNA profiling...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Xin Tao, Shu-Qi Ge, Lei Chen, Li-Si Cai, Muh-Fa Hwang, Chiung-Lang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to examine the associations of female genital infections and certain comorbidities with infertility. METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Research Database was searched for women with a new diagnosis of infertility between 2000 and 2013. Women without a diagnosis of infertility served as a control group and were matched with the infertility cases by age (±3 years) and index year. They were divided into two groups: ≤40 years old and >40 years old...
August 9, 2018: Clinics
Binay Kayan Ocakoglu, Neslihan Edeer Karaca, Fevzi Tuna Ocakoğlu, Serpil Erermis
BACKGROUND: Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are such a chronic disorder may increase the prevalence of psychopathologies. There is sparse of studies which investigate the psychopathology and disease-related factors' effect on psychopathology in this population. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess and compare children with PIDs, who receive intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) and healthy controls with respect to their mental health status...
August 13, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Jinji Sun, Han Zhou, Xin Ma, Ziyan Ju
The development of industry technology requires magnetic bearings to work in high speed conditions. However, the current stiffness and displacement stiffness of the magnetic bearing will decrease significantly due to the consequent eddy current effect, and that decrease will make the system unstable and even result in the rotor drop and instrument damage. Therefore, the traditional Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) method based on constant stiffness is not adaptable for high speed conditions. This paper proposes a PID parameters tuning strategy based on dynamic stiffness for the radial active magnetic bearing (RAMB)...
August 7, 2018: ISA Transactions
Chang-Kai Chen, Jing-Yang Huang, Yung-Tsan Wu, Yu-Chao Chang
The protective effect of dental scaling in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains inconclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between dental scaling and the development of PD. A retrospective nested case-control study was performed using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan. The authors identified 4765 patients with newly diagnosed PD from 2005 to 2013 and 19,060 individuals without PD by matching sex, age, and index year. In subgroup 1, with individuals aged 40⁻69 years, individuals without periodontal inflammatory disease (PID) showed a protective effect of dental scaling against PD development, especially for dental scaling over five consecutive years (adjusted odds ratio = 0...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Georgina L Jones, Katharina S Vogt, Duncan Chambers, Mark Clowes, Anna Shrimpton
Background: Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs) are a group of heterogeneous rare disorders, whereby the immune system is missing or not functioning adequately. For patients requiring treatment, the most common option is immunoglobulin replacement therapy (Ig). Treatment of PIDs is simultaneously associated with both improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased treatment burden. Objectives: This review sought to review studies investigating the burden of Ig treatment, synthesize evidence in relation to administration routes (subcutaneous or intravenous) and instruments used, as well as make recommendations for clinical and research applications in this area for patients aged 16 years and older...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Hongqiang Sang, Ying Zhou, Xiujun Sun, Shaoqiong Yang
The underwater glider changes its direction to follow the preset path in the horizontal plane only by flapping its vertical rudder. Heading tracking control plays the core role in the navigation process. To deal with non-linear flow disturbance and saturation in actuator, a new hybrid heading tracking control algorithm was presented, which integrated an adaptive fuzzy incremental PID (AFIPID) and an anti-windup (AW) compensator to improve the adaptability and robustness of underwater glider's heading control...
July 18, 2018: ISA Transactions
Qianqian Tong, Zhiyong Yuan, Xiangyun Liao, Mianlun Zheng, Tianchen Yuan, Jianhui Zhao
In this paper, we design a novel magnetic levitation haptic device based on electromagnetic principles to augment the tissue stiffness perception in virtual environment. Users can naturally interact with the virtual tissue by tracking the motion of magnetic stylus using stereoscopic vision so that they can accurately sense the stiffness by the magnetic stylus, which moves in the magnetic field generated by our device. We propose the idea that the effective magnetic field (EMF) is closely related to the coil attitude for the first time...
November 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
José Carlos Mora-Palma, Antonio Jesús Rodríguez-Oliver, José María Navarro-Marí, José Gutiérrez-Fernández
We report the first case of an association between Leptotrichia trevisanii and an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the second case of the isolation of this infection in the cervical canal. A 45-yr-old woman was admitted to our emergency department with clinical and radiological signs and symptoms compatible with an episode of PID. She was hospitalized for intravenous antibiotic control and treatment and the subsequent surgical drainage of abscesses. Cultures were taken throughout the process, but only cultures from cervical canal exudate were positive, with the growth of L...
July 6, 2018: Infection
William Coral, Claudio Rossi, Oscar M Curet, Diego Castro
In this paper, we present a fish-like underwater robot inspired by the black bass fish. This robot is composed of a deformable structure and muscle-like linear actuators based on shape memory alloy wires. Such actuators are used to bend a continuous structure representing the backbone of the fish. The prototype is also equipped with a bio-inspired synthetic skin made of liquid silicone rubber and Lycra microfiber mesh. We present the mechatronics of the prototype and its control scheme, which take advantage of flex sensors for proprioception...
July 31, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Z J Zhang, L T Ding, J Zou, G Z Lyu
Objective: To explore the changes of helper T lymphocytes 17 (Th17) and regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) in peripheral blood of patients with extensive burn at early stage in August 2nd aluminum dust explosion accident in Kunshan factory (hereinafter referred to as Kunshan explosion accident) and the significance. Methods: Twenty patients with extensive burn in Kunshan explosion accident admitted to our department of burns and plastic surgery were enrolled in burn group, and 10 healthy adult volunteers with no history of smoking were enrolled in healthy control group...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
D Sun, P Zhao, J Y Ni, J J Sun, Y W Ren, F Wang, L H Zhu
Objective: To explore and analyze the effects of airway management team (AMT) in the treatment of severely mass burn patients combined with inhalation injury. Methods: The clinical data of 58 severely burned patients combined with inhalation injury hospitalized in our unit from January 2012 to August 2014, conforming to the inclusion criteria, were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether airway management was implemented by AMT or not, patients hospitalized from January 2012 to July 2014 were divided into control group ( n =27), while patients in Kunshan factory aluminum dust explosion accident hospitalized on 2nd August 2014 were divided into observation group ( n =31)...
June 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Hanna Hershko Kletzel, Reut Rotem, Moshe Barg, Jennia Michaeli, Orna Reichman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To evaluate the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum as a genital pathogen in women's health. Three aspects were analyzed: (1) preterm delivery (PTD); (2) female infertility; and (3) lower genital tract pathology including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), cervicitis, and genital discomfort (discharge, burning). RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic review was performed. Searching PUBMED and EMBASE for published articles from January 2003 to September 2017 using the key word "Ureaplasma urealyticum" yielded 1835 manuscripts...
June 29, 2018: Current Infectious Disease Reports
Giovanna Nigro, Maria Ciccarelli, Marina Cosenza
Chasing, or continuing to gamble in an attempt to recoup losses, is a salient feature of problematic gambling. This study, which controlled for gambling severity and alcohol consumption, investigated the association between chasing and maladaptive personality trait domains among habitual gamblers. Participants comprised 126 adult habitual gamblers (73% males) aged between 18 and 69 years. They were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), the Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form (PID-5-BF), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and a computerized task developed to assess chasing behavior...
June 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Maryam Nourizadeh, Leila Shakerian, Stephan Borte, Mohammadreza Fazlollahi, Mohsen Badalzadeh, Massoud Houshmand, Zahra Alizadeh, Hossein Dalili, Ali Rashidi-Nezhad, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Mostafa Moin, Lennart Hammarström, Zahra Pourpak
T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) and κ-deleting recombination excision circles (KRECs) are recently used for detection of T or B cell lymphopenia in neonates based on region-specific cutoff levels. Here, we report cutoffs for TREC and KREC copies useful for newborn screening and/or diagnosis of primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) in Iran. DNA was extracted from a single 3.2 mm punch of dried blood spots collected from 2160 anonymized newborns referred to two major referral health centers between 2014 and 2016...
June 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Alexandra Nava Brezolin, Janine Martinazzo, Daniela Kunkel Muenchen, Alana Marie de Cezaro, Aline Andressa Rigo, Clarice Steffens, Juliana Steffens, Maria Carolina Blassioli-Moraes, Miguel Borges
Semiochemicals are chemical compounds that are released by many species as a means of intra- and interspecific communication. Insects have extremely advanced olfactory systems; indeed, they rely on smell when performing many of their main behaviors, such as oviposition, breeding, prey location, and defense. This characteristic of insects implies that semiochemicals could be used for various applications, including in agriculture, where they could be employed along with other tools to control pest insects. The aim of this review is to present the main techniques used and the state of the art in the detection of semiochemicals, focusing on pheromones...
July 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Giulia Muscogiuri, Leonardo Dimaggio, Luca Giani, Claudio Mariani, Leonardo Pantoni, Carlo Lovati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Neurological Sciences
Idehai O Ohijeagbon, Olumuyiwa A Lasode, Segun Adebayo, Oluseyi O Ajayi, Olugbenga A Omotosho
The dataset presented in this article represent the drying characteristics of a semi-automated gas-fired fish dryer. A cabinet dryer was constructed mainly from mild steel sheet metal and stainless steel, and was used for drying prepared fish samples of Clarias gariepinus species. Major operating parameters which included mass of fish, mass of Liquefied Petroleum Gas used, inside temperature of the dryer, and drying time were monitored. Also, output parameters such as the moisture content and energy utilization amongst others were observed and recorded at varying time intervals and specified drying temperatures...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Harrison Ritz, Matthew R Nassar, Michael J Frank, Amitai Shenhav
To behave adaptively in environments that are noisy and nonstationary, humans and other animals must monitor feedback from their environment and adjust their predictions and actions accordingly. An understudied approach for modeling these adaptive processes comes from the engineering field of control theory, which provides general principles for regulating dynamical systems, often without requiring a generative model. The proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller is one of the most popular models of industrial process control...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Sophie Jung, Laura Gámez-Díaz, Michele Proietti, Bodo Grimbacher
Primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) represent a group of mostly monogenic disorders caused by loss- or gain-of-function mutations in over 340 known genes that lead to abnormalities in the development and/or the function of the immune system. However, mutations in different genes can affect the same cell-signaling pathway and result in overlapping clinical phenotypes. In particular, mutations in the genes encoding for members of the phosphoinositide3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR/S6 kinase (S6K) signaling cascade or for molecules interacting with this pathway have been associated with different PIDs that are often characterized by the coexistence of both immune deficiency and autoimmunity...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
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