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Food Hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321463/an-agent-based-model-for-pathogen-persistence-and-cross-contamination-dynamics-in-a-food-facility
#1
Amir Mokhtari, Jane M Van Doren
We used an agent-based modeling (ABM) framework and developed a mathematical model to explain the complex dynamics of microbial persistence and spread within a food facility and to aid risk managers in identifying effective mitigation options. The model explicitly considered personal hygiene practices by food handlers as well as their activities and simulated a spatially explicit dynamic system representing complex interaction patterns among food handlers, facility environment, and foods. To demonstrate the utility of the model in a decision-making context, we created a hypothetical case study and used it to compare different risk mitigation strategies for reducing contamination and spread of Listeria monocytogenes in a food facility...
October 15, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30320512/factors-affecting-microbiological-quality-of-vegetable-and-meat-based-meals-served-at-cafeterias-in-the-republic-of-korea
#2
H W Kim, N H Kim, T J Cho, S M Park, S H Kim, M S Rhee
A total of 364 samples of vegetable- and meat-based meals were collected at three processing steps: step I, preparation of raw ingredients; step II, processing and cooking; and step III, finished meals. Microbiological quality was evaluated by using data for the prevalence and concentration of the aerobic plate counts, total coliforms (TC), fecal coliforms (FC), and Escherichia coli. The data were analyzed for differences between cafeterias, seasons, raw materials, and processing steps. Fourteen (15.2%) of the 92 finished meal samples were microbiologically unsatisfactory...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317307/a-comparative-survey-for-assessing-rashidabad-city-hospitals-quality-with-district-headquarter-hospital
#3
Ayesha Nazuk, Javid Shabbir, Ashfaque Hasan Khan
Patients are the key stakeholders of any hospital and it is important to satisfy them. The objective of this study was to compare the quality of hospitals within Rashidabad; a town in rural Sindh operated by Rashid Memorial Welfare Organization (RMWO), with District Headquarter hospital Tando Allahyar. A cross sectional survey, based on a questionnaire designed in congruence with literature, regarding the hospital quality was conducted on 150 patients in October 2016. The target population was defined as patients getting treatment at hospitals within Rashidabad; whose estimate was reported by RMWO as 2000 per week...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316564/-primary-care-and-oral-health-promotion-assessment-of-an-educational-intervention-in-school-children
#4
Sara Calderón Larrañaga, Manuela Expósito Ruiz, Pilar Cruz Vela, Ana Cuadrado Conde, Lucía Alquézar Villarroya, Ana Garach Gómez, Alberto Ruiz Hernández, Isabel Toral López
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short and medium term effectiveness of a Primary Care-driven oral health promotion intervention. DESIGN: A non-randomised community intervention trial. SETTING: Three socio-demographically similar primary schools of a deprived neighborhood in Granada, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two intervention and 109 control students aged 5 to 6, as well as the teachers and the parent's association of the intervention school (IS) participated in the study...
October 10, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316202/nutritional-status-as-a-central-determinant-of-child-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-quantitative-conceptual-framework
#5
Cristian Ricci, Janet Carboo, Hannah Asare, Cornelius M Smuts, Robin Dolman, Martani Lombard
Child mortality is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa and is influenced by nutritional status. A conceptual framework were proposed to explain factors related to under nutrition. Previously proposed conceptual frameworks for under nutrition do not consider child mortality and describe factors related to under nutrition from a qualitative viewpoint only. A structural equation modelling approach was applied to the data from World Bank and FAO databases collected from over 37 Sub-Saharan Countries from 2000 to the most recent update...
October 13, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314783/value-chain-analysis-and-sanitary-risks-of-the-camel-milk-system-supplying-nairobi-city-kenya
#6
Dishon Muloi, Pablo Alarcon, Jackson Ombui, Kisa J Ngeiywa, Bulle Abdullahi, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K Karani, Jonathan Rushton, Eric M Fèvre
The camel milk trade in Kenya has evolved significantly from a small-scale business undertaken in local villages to its current status involving a large number of different stakeholders supplying urban towns, particularly Nairobi City. Despite the evident growth pattern, the supply of camel milk to Nairobi has largely remained informal, with minimal enforcement of regulations. The aim of this study was to characterise the camel milk system supplying Nairobi and assess its governance, main challenges and the potential food safety risk practices...
November 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312926/engineered-nanomaterials-for-water-decontamination-and-purification-from-lab-to-products
#7
REVIEW
Shams Tabrez Khan, Abdul Malik
Clean water is vital for life; it is required not only for drinking but also for the preparation of food and proper hygiene. Unfortunately, more than fifty percent of the world population mainly in China and India face a severe scarcity of water. Around 1.8 billion people inevitably drink water from sources having fecal contamination resulting in the death of about a million children every year. Scientists are developing various economic technologies to decontaminate and purify water. Nanomaterials-based technology offers an economic and effective alternative for water purification and decontamination...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310128/induction-of-the-viable-but-non-culturable-state-in-bacterial-pathogens-by-household-cleaners-and-inorganic-salts
#8
Christian Robben, Susanne Fister, Anna Kristina Witte, Dagmar Schoder, Peter Rossmanith, Patrick Mester
Effective monitoring of microbial pathogens is essential for a successful preventive food safety and hygiene strategy. However, as most monitoring strategies are growth-based, these tests fail to detect pathogenic bacteria that have entered the viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state. The present study reports the induction of the VBNC state in five human pathogens by commercially available household cleaners in combination with inorganic salts. We determined that non-ionic surfactants, a common ingredient in household cleaners, can induce the VBNC state, when combined with salts...
October 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295161/do-women-s-perspectives-of-quality-of-care-during-childbirth-match-with-those-of-providers-a-qualitative-study-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#9
Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Aradhana Srivastava, Malvika Saxena, Mousumi Gogoi, Pravesh Dwivedi, Katie Giessler
BACKGROUND: Persistently high maternal mortality levels are a concern in developing countries. In India, monetary incentive schemes have increased institutional delivery rates appreciably, but have not been equally successful in reducing maternal mortality. Maternal outcomes are affected by quality of obstetric care and socio-cultural norms. In this light there is need to examine the quality of care provided to women delivering in institutions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine pregnant women's expectations of high-quality care in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India, and to contrast this with provider's perceptions of the same, as well as the barriers that limit their ability to provide high-quality care...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294080/relationships-between-positive-deviant-behaviors-and-children-of-normal-growth-pattern-in-poorly-resourced-rural-communities
#10
Chitrarpita Saha, Vanisha S Nambiar
Background: Promotion of positive deviant behaviors (PDBs) can be crucial to bring sustainable change as these behaviors are likely to be affordable and acceptable by the wider community. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess if any PDBs exist among poorly resourced rural mothers with young children near Vadodara. Materials and Methods: Mothers of children <5 years ( n = 160) were enrolled from four rural clusters near Vadodara based on their current growth status (weight-for-age) and were categorized as PD ( n = 65) and negative deviant (ND; n = 95), as per the WHO Anthro Software...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291101/establishing-a-demographic-development-and-environmental-geospatial-surveillance-platform-in-india-planning-and-implementation
#11
Shikha Dixit, Narendra K Arora, Atiqur Rahman, Natasha J Howard, Rakesh K Singh, Mayur Vaswani, Manoja K Das, Faruqueuddin Ahmed, Prashant Mathur, Nikhil Tandon, Rajib Dasgupta, Sanjay Chaturvedi, Jaishri Jethwaney, Suresh Dalpath, Rajendra Prashad, Rakesh Kumar, Rakesh Gupta, Laurette Dube, Mark Daniel
BACKGROUND: Inadequate administrative health data, suboptimal public health infrastructure, rapid and unplanned urbanization, environmental degradation, and poor penetration of information technology make the tracking of health and well-being of populations and their social determinants in the developing countries challenging. Technology-integrated comprehensive surveillance platforms have the potential to overcome these gaps. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides methodological insights into establishing a geographic information system (GIS)-integrated, comprehensive surveillance platform in rural North India, a resource-constrained setting...
October 5, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288026/cancer-patients-treated-with-intravenous-chemotherapy-for-the-first-time-what-are-their-needs-what-do-they-lack-a-qualitative-quantitative-mixed-approach
#12
Max-Adrien Garcia, Julie Kalecinski, Mathieu Oriol, Armand Bonne, Mohamed Lofti, Sophie Espenel, Fabien Tinquaut, Pierre Fournel, Olivier Collard, Cécile Vassal, Romain Rivoirard, Véronique Regnier, Franck Chauvin, Aurélie Bourmaud
Introduction: The announcement of cancer coupled with initiation of its treatment impacts patients' psychological and physical states as well as their lifestyles. The objective of this study was to identify and confirm the needs of patients starting off on anticancer chemotherapy treatment. Methods: This study was based on a qualitative-quantitative mixed method. In 2009, a qualitative study was conducted at the Lucien Neuwirth Cancer Institut for cancer patients undergoing intravenous chemotherapy for the first time...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270305/-microbial-growth-in-unfinished-beverages-in-plastic-bottles-and-the-awareness-of-nursing-students-in-a-university-about-microbial-contamination
#13
Ikuharu Morioka, Aki Uenaka, Ayumi Tanigawa, Yui Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to clarify the microbial growth when drinking a beverage directly from its plastic bottle using models under consumption conditions characteristic for nursing students in a university and their awareness about microbial contamination in unfinished beverages in bottles. METHODS: Three types of bottled beverages were tested: mineral water, Japanese green tea with catechin, and a lactic acid beverage. The ways of drinking were putting the entire lip of a bottle into the mouth (type A) and holding half of the lip out of the mouth (type B)...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258644/the-characteristics-of-pollution-in-the-big-industrial-cities-of-kazakhstan-by-the-example-of-almaty
#14
Nazhmetdinova Aiman, Sarmanbetova Gulnaz, Magai Alena
Background: Environmental pollution is a problem in the most industrial cities, including Almaty. These cities are frequently overpopulated and hazardous industrial facilities often have a negative impact on public health. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of pollution in Almaty city and assess possible impact on a human by comparing obtained results with sanitary and hygienic standards. (Hygienic standards (HS) 2.1.7.2042-06. AAC of chemical substances in soil Russia)...
June 2018: Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258560/relationship-of-body-mass-index-to-sleep-duration-and-current-smoking-among-medical-students-in-tabuk-city-saudi-arabia
#15
Faisal Dahi Aldahash, Saeed Awadh Alasmari, Shelian Juweed Alnomsi, Abdulmajeed Mohammed Alshehri, Nawaf Faisal Alharthi, Ahmad Ali Hassan Aloufi, Meshal Salem Al Atawi, Areej Abdulrhman Alotaibi, Hyder Osman Mirghani
Background: Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to body mass index (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical students in the Medical College, University of Tabuk (Saudi Arabia) from January 2018 to May 2018...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30258416/deciphering-resistome-and-virulome-diversity-in-a-porcine-slaughterhouse-and-pork-products-through-its-production-chain
#16
Guillermo Campos Calero, Natacha Caballero Gómez, Nabil Benomar, Beatriz Pérez Montoro, Charles W Knapp, Antonio Gálvez, Hikmate Abriouel
We aimed to better understand resistome and virulome patterns on animal and process-area surfaces through a pig slaughterhouse to track possible contamination within the food production chain. Culture-dependent methods revealed high levels of microbial contamination, corresponding to mesophilic and pathogenic bacteria on both the animal and process-area surfaces mainly in the anesthesia (AA and AS) zone followed by "scorching and whip" (FA and FS) zone and also in the end products. To evaluate the potential risk of antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants, shotgun metagenomic DNA-sequencing of isolates from selected areas/products uncovered a high diversity and richness of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs): 55-62 genes in the anesthesia area (AA and AS) and 35-40 in "animal-arrival zone" (MA and MS)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257446/customers-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-towards-food-hygiene-and-safety-standards-of-handlers-in-food-facilities-in-hanoi-vietnam
#17
Anh Tuan Le Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Le, Xuan Thanh Thi Le, Khanh Nam Do, Hoa Thi Do, Giang Thu Vu, Long Hoang Nguyen, Carl A Latkin, Cyrus S H Ho, Roger C M Ho
Efforts to prevent foodborne illnesses in food facilities require sufficient knowledge on hygiene and safety standards from both food processors and customers. However, studies about knowledge, attitude, and practices of customers towards these issues are constrained. This study explored the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of customers regarding the practices of food facilities as well as potential associated factors. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Hanoi from September to October 2015. Questions about knowledge, attitude, and practice towards food hygiene and safety were asked, alongside sociodemographic characteristics...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30256102/effects-of-single-and-combined-water-sanitation-and-handwashing-interventions-on-fecal-contamination-in-the-domestic-environment-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
Ayse Ercumen, Andrew Mertens, Benjamin F Arnold, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Alan E Hubbard, Mir Alvee Ahmed, Mir Himayet Kabir, Md Masudur Rahman Khalil, Ashish Kumar, Md Sajjadur Rahman, Sarker Masud Parvez, Leanne Unicomb, Mahbubur Rahman, Pavani Ram, Thomas F Clasen, Stephen P Luby, John M Colford
Water, sanitation and hygiene interventions have varying effectiveness in reducing fecal contamination in the domestic environment; delivering them in combination could yield synergies. We conducted environmental assessments within a randomized controlled trial in Bangladesh that implemented single and combined water treatment, sanitation, handwashing (WSH) and nutrition interventions (WASH Benefits, NCT01590095). After one and two years of intervention, we quantified fecal indicator bacteria in samples of drinking water (from source or storage), child hands, children's food and sentinel objects...
September 26, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30255284/a-reassessment-of-the-safety-profile-of-monoamine-oxidase-inhibitors-elucidating-tired-old-tyramine-myths
#19
REVIEW
Peter Kenneth Gillman
This review appraises over 150 recent original papers reporting data that demonstrate the greatly reduced tyramine content of modern-day 'foods', about which the medical literature has a paucity of information. It discusses the cardiovascular pharmacology of tyramine and the characteristics, extent, risks, and treatment of the blood pressure increases that sometimes result from tyramine ingestion (the pressor response). In past decades, cheese was the only food associated with documented fatalities resulting from hypertension...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30247083/occurrence-of-salmonella-in-ready-to-eat-meat-and-poultry-product-samples-from-u-s-department-of-agriculture-regulated-producing-establishments-ii-salmonella-in-ready-to-eat-pork-barbecue-products-from-2005-to-2012
#20
Stephen W Mamber, Tim Mohr, Kristina Barlow, Philip A Bronstein, Carrie Leathers, Nelson Clinch
Ready-to-eat (RTE) meat and poultry product samples from the random ALLRTE and risk-based RTE001 sampling projects of the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) were tested for both Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella. In the course of analyzing Salmonella data for calendar years 2005 to 2012, it was observed that 8 (17.0%) of 47 positive samples were from pork barbecue. The eight Salmonella-positive samples, from seven establishments in a single state, were from 1,085 pork barbecue samples tested nationwide (0...
October 2018: Journal of Food Protection
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