Read by QxMD icon Read

Food Hygiene

Maud Carron, Yu-Mei Chang, Kelvin Momanyi, James Akoko, John Kiiru, Judy Bettridge, Gemma Chaloner, Jonathan Rushton, Sarah O'Brien, Nicola Williams, Eric M Fèvre, Barbara Häsler
Campylobacteriosis is a leading foodborne zoonosis worldwide, and is frequently associated with handling and consumption of poultry meat. Various studies indicate that Campylobacter causes a substantial human disease burden in low to middle-income countries, but data regarding the organism's epidemiology in countries like Kenya are scarce. In sub-Saharan Africa, 3.8 million deaths of children under-5 years of age are reported annually. Of those, 25% are caused by diarrheal diseases, and Campylobacter is one of the most frequently isolated bacteria from diarrheic children...
August 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Eleonora M Biletska, Nataliia M Onul, Tetiana A Holovkova, Viacheslav V Gorbuntsov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: During recent decades there has been observed a violation in the structure of nutrition of the population with a significant decrease in the consumption of biologically valuable products, resulting in the development of the so-called "latent hunger", particularly in sensitive groups of population - women of reproductive age and pregnant women. The aim: To study nutritional peculiarities and the level of biotic and abiotic trace elements intake into the body of the female population, residents of the industrial region...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Anita K Kambhampati, Zachary A Marsh, Michele C Hlavsa, Virginia A Roberts, Antonio R Vieira, Jonathan S Yoder, Aron J Hall
Background: Approximately 14 million children attend more than 14000 US camps every year. Shared accommodations and activities can facilitate acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Outbreak Reporting System on US youth camp-associated AGE outbreaks that occurred between 2009 and 2016. We also conducted a systematic literature search of youth camp-associated AGE outbreaks that have occurred around the world and a gray literature search for existing recommendations on outbreak prevention and control at camps worldwide...
August 2, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Vinoth Kumarasamy, Deepa Anbazhagan, Vetriselvan Subramaniyan, Shalini Vellasamy
Blastocystis sp. is a unicellular parasitic microorganism commonly found in the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and animals. It causes symptomatic or asymptomatic infection and its route of transmission is via fecal-oral. High prevalence of Blastocystis infection in developing countries is usually due to poor hygiene practices, exposure to animals infected with the parasite and intake of contaminated water or food. Blastocystis infected individuals often suffer from diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and stomach bloating...
August 6, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Jovana Dodos, Chiara Altare, Mahamat Bechir, Mark Myatt, Brigitte Pedro, Francois Bellet, Jean Lapegue, Joachim Peeters, Mathias Altmann
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in Chad. The reasons behind persistently high prevalence of SAM in the Kanem region are still poorly understood, leaving national and international partners without clearly identified drivers to address. Current knowledge of SAM determinants in this context is largely based on very limited data. The aim of this study was thus to investigate individual and household-level risk factors for SAM among under-five children in Mao health district...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Thandi Kapwata, Angela Mathee, Wouter Jacobus le Roux, Caradee Yael Wright
Diarrhoeal disease is a significant contributor to child morbidity and mortality, particularly in the developing world. Poor sanitation, a lack of personal hygiene and inadequate water supplies are known risk factors for diarrhoeal disease. Since risk factors may vary by population or setting, we evaluated the prevalence of diarrhoeal disease at the household level using a questionnaire to better understand household-level risk factors for diarrhoea in selected rural areas in South Africa. In a sub-sample of dwellings, we measured the microbial quality of drinking water...
August 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Buba Manjang, Karla Hemming, Chris Bradley, Jeroen Ensink, James T Martin, Jama Sowe, Abdou Jarju, Sandy Cairncross, Semira Manaseki-Holland
OBJECTIVE: Contamination of weaning food leads to diarrhoea in children under 5 years. Public health interventions to improve practices in low-income and middle-income countries are rare and often not evaluated using a randomised method. We describe an intervention implementation and provide baseline data for such a trial. DESIGN: Clustered randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Rural Gambia. PARTICIPANTS: 15 villages/clusters each with 20 randomly selected mothers with children aged 6-24 months per arm...
August 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Monika Novak Babič, Jerneja Zupančič, João Brandão, Nina Gunde-Cimerman
Clean drinking water and sanitation are fundamental human rights recognized by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly and the Human Rights Council in 2010 (Resolution 64/292). In modern societies, water is not related only to drinking, it is also widely used for personal and home hygiene, and leisure. Ongoing human population and subsequent environmental stressors challenge the current standards on safe drinking and recreational water, requiring regular updating. Also, a changing Earth and its increasingly frequent extreme weather events and climatic changes underpin the necessity to adjust regulation to a risk-based approach...
August 3, 2018: Microorganisms
Danielle N Medgyesi, John M Brogan, Daniel K Sewell, Jean Philippe Creve-Coeur, Laura H Kwong, Kelly K Baker
Globally, gastrointestinal (GI) infections by enteric pathogens are the second-leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age (≤5 years). While GI pathogen exposure in households has been rigorously examined, there is little data about young children's exposure in public domains. Moreover, public areas in low-income settings are often used for other waste disposal practices in addition to human feces, such as trash dumping in areas near households. If young children play in public domains, they might be exposed to interrelated and highly concentrated microbial, chemical, and physical hazards...
August 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tetsuya Harada, Masumi Taguchi, Ryuji Kawahara, Masashi Kanki, Kentaro Kawatsu
The potential human health risk of Japanese ready-to-eat (RTE) foods was investigated by determining the contamination by foodborne bacterial pathogens, the prevalence of opportunistic and nosocomial pathogens, and the antibiotic susceptibility of the isolates recovered from 96 samples of lightly pickled vegetables, 88 samples of Western-style desserts, and 98 samples of RTE fish and seafood products sold at retail in Osaka, Japan. Staphylococcus aureus, including isolates producing staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE), were isolated from six lightly pickled vegetable products, seven Western-style dessert products, and three RTE fish and seafood products...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Delaram Ghodsi, Arash Rashidian, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Hossein Raghfar, Marziyeh Ebrahimi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the process of implementation of a national nutritional programme for improving the nutritional status of children in Iran. DESIGN: A cross-sectional process evaluation was carried out using field observations, document reviews, semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. SETTING: Data were collected across urban and rural areas of Qazvin and Semnan provinces of Iran, March-September 2014. SUBJECTS: Mothers (n 362) of children under programme coverage were chosen for the survey...
August 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Albert Bosch, Elissavet Gkogka, Françoise S Le Guyader, Fabienne Loisy-Hamon, Alvin Lee, Lilou van Lieshout, Balkumar Marthi, Mette Myrmel, Annette Sansom, Anna Charlotte Schultz, Anett Winkler, Sophie Zuber, Trevor Phister
In a recent report by risk assessment experts on the identification of food safety priorities using the Delphi technique, foodborne viruses were recognized among the top rated food safety priorities and have become a greater concern to the food industry over the past few years. Food safety experts agreed that control measures for viruses throughout the food chain are required. However, much still needs to be understood with regard to the effectiveness of these controls and how to properly validate their performance, whether it is personal hygiene of food handlers or the effects of processing of at risk foods or the interpretation and action required on positive virus test result...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Lesley Maurice Bilung, Lai Sin Chai, Ahmad Syatir Tahar, Chong Kian Ted, Kasing Apun
This study aimed to identify Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes , characterize the isolates, and determine the antibiotic resistance profiles of the isolates Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes in fresh produce, fertilizer, and environmental samples from vegetable farms (organic and conventional farms). A total of 386 samples (vegetables, soil, water, and fertilizer with manure) were examined. The identification of bacterial isolates was performed using PCR and characterized using ERIC-PCR and BOX-PCR. The discriminating power of the typing method was analyzed using Simpson's Index of Diversity...
2018: BioMed Research International
L Paglia
Tooth structure anomalies affect the deciduous or permanent dentition with varying degrees of severity, depending on the odontogenesis phase in which the disturbance factor occurs. Some forms are clearly increasing and becoming of common clinical observation, as is the case of MIH (Molar Incisor Hypomineralization) whose prevalence ranges from 3 to 25%. However, often stucture anomalies are still under-diagnosed. Early diagnosis should be within the reach of all clinicians (both dentist and non-dentist), and is essential for improving the treatment outcome and quality of life of affected patients...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Kaisa Hiippala, Hanne Jouhten, Aki Ronkainen, Anna Hartikainen, Veera Kainulainen, Jonna Jalanka, Reetta Satokari
The intestinal microbiota, composed of pro- and anti-inflammatory microbes, has an essential role in maintaining gut homeostasis and functionality. An overly hygienic lifestyle, consumption of processed and fiber-poor foods, or antibiotics are major factors modulating the microbiota and possibly leading to longstanding dysbiosis. Dysbiotic microbiota is characterized to have altered composition, reduced diversity and stability, as well as increased levels of lipopolysaccharide-containing, proinflammatory bacteria...
July 29, 2018: Nutrients
Arti Kundu, Stefan Wuertz, Woutrina A Smith
This study estimates illness (diarrhea) risks from fecal pathogens that can be transmitted via fecal-contaminated fresh produce. To do this, a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) framework was developed in National Capital Region, India based on bacterial indicator and pathogen data from fresh produce wash samples collected at local markets. Produce wash samples were analyzed for fecal indicator bacteria (Escherichia coli, total Bacteroidales) and pathogens (Salmonella, Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC), enterohemorrhagic E...
October 2018: Food Microbiology
Christine Marie George, Khaled Hasan, Shirajum Monira, Zillur Rahman, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Fatema Zohura, Tahmina Parvin, Md Sazzadul Islam Bhuyian, Md Toslim Mahmud, Shan Li, Jamie Perin, Camille Morgan, Munshi Mustafiz, R Bradley Sack, David A Sack, O Colin Stine, Munirul Alam
BACKGROUND: Household contacts of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of developing cholera than the general population. The objective of this study was to examine the incidence of V. cholerae infections among household contacts of cholera patients in a rural setting in Bangladesh, to identify risk factors for V. cholerae infections among this population, and to investigate transmission pathways of V. cholerae using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA)...
July 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Jose Nyamusore, Marie Rosette Nahimana, Candide Tran Ngoc, Olushayo Olu, Ayodeji Isiaka, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Lakruwan Dassanayake, André Rusanganwa
Introduction: In early October 2015, the health facility in Mahama, a refugee camp for Burundians, began to record an increase in the incidence of a disease characterized by fever, chills and abdominal pain. The investigation of the outbreak confirmed Salmonella Typhi as the cause. A case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for the disease. Methods: A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted between January and February 2016. Data were obtained through a survey of matched cases and controls, based on an epidemiological case definition and environmental assessment...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Antje Gerofke, Ellen Ulbig, Annett Martin, Christine Müller-Graf, Thomas Selhorst, Carl Gremse, Markus Spolders, Helmut Schafft, Gerhard Heinemeyer, Matthias Greiner, Monika Lahrssen-Wiederholt, Andreas Hensel
The toxicity of lead has been known for a long time, and no safe uptake level can be derived for humans. Consumers' intake via food should therefore be kept as low as possible. Game meat can contain elevated levels of lead due to the use of lead ammunition for hunting. A risk assessment conducted in 2010 by the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment including various consumption scenarios revealed a possible health risk for extreme consumers of game meat hunted with lead ammunition (i.e. hunters and members of hunters' households)...
2018: PloS One
Daniel Dewey-Mattia, Karunya Manikonda, Aron J Hall, Matthew E Wise, Samuel J Crowe
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Known foodborne disease agents are estimated to cause approximately 9.4 million illnesses each year in the United States. Although only a small subset of illnesses are associated with recognized outbreaks, data from outbreak investigations provide insight into the foods and pathogens that cause illnesses and the settings and conditions in which they occur. REPORTING PERIOD: 2009-2015 DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System (FDOSS) collects data on foodborne disease outbreaks, which are defined as the occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a common food...
July 27, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"