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Food Hygiene

Alice Cartoni Mancinelli, Alessandro Dal Bosco, Simona Mattioli, David Ranucci, Cesare Castellini
: Nowadays there is an increasing demand for poultry products from alternative rearing systems. These systems, commonly named pastured poultry production (PPP), are more expensive than intensive rearing system but sustain biodiversity, local economies and farm multi-functionality besides providing meat to which consumers attribute high ethical value and quality. PPP generally uses large outdoor runs, small number of animals and requires chickens adapted to natural environment. One of the most relevant obstacles to further development of PPP systems is related to the slaughtering of animals economically and at the same time complying with the sanitary regulations to maintain food safety standards...
November 30, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Paromita Hore, Kolapo Alex-Oni, Slavenka Sedlar, Deborah Nagin
CONTEXT: While lead-based paint and occupational lead hazards remain the primary sources of lead exposures among New York City's lead-poisoned children and men, respectively, these are not the only possible lead sources. Certain consumer products are often implicated. Between 2008 and 2017, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene tested more than 3000 samples of consumer products during lead poisoning case investigations and surveys of local stores, and of these, spices were the most frequently tested (almost 40% of the samples)...
January 2019: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Shona L Halson, Louise M Burke, Jeni Pearce
Domestic and international travel represents a regular challenge to high performance track and field athletes, particularly when associated with the pressure of competition or the need to support specialized training (e.g. altitude or heat adaptation). Jetlag is a challenge for transmeridian travelers while fatigue and alterations to gastrointestinal comfort are associated with many types of long haul travel. Planning food and fluid intake that is appropriate to the travel itinerary may help to reduce problems...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Sarah B Perl, Thomas G Merrill, Wilfredo Lopez, Mary T Bassett
We explore how a 1987 New York State court decision-Boreali v. Axelrod-affected public health rule-making nationally and, with considerable impact, locally in New York City (NYC). We discuss the history of the origin of the NYC Board of Health (BOH), and establish that legislatures can be challenging venues in which to enact public health-related laws. We describe how, as the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene began to tackle modern public health problems (e.g., chronic diseases caused by food and tobacco), the regulatory power of its BOH was challenged...
November 29, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Wafa O Ayaz, Anushree Priyadarshini, Amit K Jaiswal
This study examines food safety knowledge and practices of mothers in Saudi Arabia. A total of 979 respondents participated in the study and completed a questionnaire that assessed their knowledge of food storage, food handling, usage, and maintenance of kitchen facilities, personal hygiene, and food poisoning. Results showed that mothers in Saudi Arabia had moderate knowledge of food storage (passing rate 64.9%) and usage and maintenance of kitchen facilities (passing rate 66.5%). While they had good knowledge of personal hygiene (passing rate 83...
November 25, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Lígia Isoni Auad, Verônica Cortez Ginani, Eliana Dos Santos Leandro, Priscila Farage, Aline Costa Santos Nunes, Renata Puppin Zandonadi
This study aimed to develop and validate a checklist instrument as a first step for the risk assessment of the hygienic-sanitary practices and conditions of food trucks. We invited sixteen experienced experts in the food safety field to take part in the process. The checklist was designed based on the Codex Alimentarius, Brazilian resolutions Collegiate Board Resolution 216, Brazilian Collegiate Board Resolution 275, Brazilian Federal District Law no. 5.627 and Brazilian Federal District Normative Instruction 11...
November 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Indra Memdi Khoris, Kenshin Takemura, Jaewook Lee, Toshimi Hara, Fuyuki Abe, Tetsuro Suzuki, Enoch Y Park
Norovirus (NoV) is a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis. The low infectious dose and environmental stability of NoV facilitate its effective transmission through a variety of modes such as food, water and person-to-person. The available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for NoV detection has low sensitivity due to the low catalytic activity of the peroxidase used, and thus, a reliable ultrasensitive bioassay is needed. In this study, we apply the enhanced peroxidase-like activity of silver ion-incorporated gold nanoparticles (Au/Ag NPs) in a colorimetric bioassay for NoV detection...
November 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Tim Kiessling, Katrin Knickmeier, Katrin Kruse, Dennis Brennecke, Alice Nauendorf, Martin Thiel
Rivers are an important source of marine anthropogenic litter, but the particular origins of riverine litter itself have not been well established. Here we used a citizen science approach where schoolchildren examined litter at riversides and identified possible sources at over 250 sampling spots along large and small rivers in Germany, during autumn 2016 and spring 2017. Litter densities have an overall median of 0.14, interquartile range 0-0.57 items m-2 and an overall average (±standard deviation) of 0...
November 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Getachew Kabew Mekonnen, Bezatu Mengistie, Geremew Sahilu, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos
BACKGROUND: Maternal knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to hygiene, breastfeeding, sanitary food preparation, and appropriate weaning practices are potentially important determinants in the occurrence of diarrhea in children. However, few studies have been carried out about the knowledge and attitudes about childhood diarrhea among parents in refugee camps and host communities. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at assessing the caregivers' knowledge and attitudes regarding acute diarrhea in under-five children among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Delfino Vubil, Sozinho Acácio, Llorenç Quintò, Clara Ballesté-Delpierre, Tacilta Nhampossa, Karen Kotloff, Myron M Levine, Pedro Alonso, James P Nataro, Tamer H Farag, Jordi Vila, Inacio Mandomando
Objectives: During the period from December 2007 to November 2012, the epidemiology of diarrhea caused by Shigella was studied among children <5 years of age residing in Manhiça District, Southern Mozambique. Materials and methods: Children from 0 to 5 years with moderate-to-severe diarrhea (MSD) and less severe diarrhea (LSD) were enrolled along with matched controls (by age, gender, and neighborhood). Age-stratified logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify clinical features and risk factors associated with Shigella positivity in cases of diarrhea...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Veronika Huvarova, Petr Kralik, Petra Vasickova, Monika Kubankova, Veronika Verbikova, Michal Slany, Vladimir Babak, Monika Moravkova
Fresh vegetables and herbs are usually prepared and eaten raw without cooking or heating, which leads to a high risk of foodborne infection. The aim of the present study was to assess the contamination of raw vegetables, herbs, and the environment of food chains. Vegetable and herb samples originating both from the Czech Republic as well as from other countries were examined. The work was focused on the detection of commonly found, but also less frequently monitored foodborne pathogens, including viruses of the genus Norovirus (NoVs), hepatitis A virus (HAV), Listeria monocytogenes and Cronobacter spp...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Food Science
Hillary Adawo Onjong, Musa Otieno Ngayo, Mercy Mwaniki, Joseph Wambui, Patrick Murigu Kamau Njage
This study evaluated the microbiological safety of fresh Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus) from Kenyan fresh water fish value chains. One hundred seventy-six fish samples were analyzed. The microbial counts of hygiene indicators, total viable aerobic count (TVC), total coliforms, and fecal coliforms isolated by using culture techniques were enumerated, and microbial pathogens present in the fish samples were identified and characterized by using molecular methods. The diversity of bacterial isolates was determined by using the Shannon-Weaver diversity index...
December 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Maryam Bahman, Homa Hajimehdipoor, Maryam Afrakhteh, Soodabeh Bioos, Fataneh Hashem-Dabaghian, Mojgan Tansaz
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is known as the most common hormonal disorder in women at reproductive age. Recent studies have revealed a high prevalence of sleep disorders in PCOS, suggesting that it is an amendable factor for these patients; however, the sleep was not considered in their treatment plan. According to the Iranian traditional medicine (ITM), sleep is an important item in the lifestyle modification of all diseases. The aim of this study is to determine the importance of sleep hygiene in PCOS from the view of ITM and Modern Medicine...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Camila Valdejane Silva de Souza, Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo, Larissa Mont'Alverne Jucá Seabra
This study aims to assess food safety knowledge and practices of food handlers in popular public restaurants in Brazil. A questionnaire has been applied with 70 food handlers in different municipalities, with questions related to food safety knowledge and food safety self-reported practices, and observed practices. To check hygienic-sanitary conditions of restaurants, a checklist has been applied. Regarding food safety knowledge, an average of 72.64% of correct answers has been observed. Food safety self-reported practices presented 80...
October 2018: Journal of Food Safety
Doug Richie, Daniel Bullard
Foot and ankle surgery can impose significant hardship on a patient when carrying out their essential activities of daily living including mobility, sourcing and preparing food, as well as maintaining personal hygiene. Pre-operative planning between the surgeon, patient and caregivers can circumvent most of the challenges imposed by the post-operative restrictions of foot and ankle surgery. Depending on the weight bearing status of the operated extremity, a wide array of durable medical equipment devices are available to provide mobility and safety for the patient...
January 2019: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
Severine Frison, James Smith, Karl Blanchet
BACKGROUND: In 1997, the pursuit of greater accountability and effectiveness in humanitarian response prompted a multi-stakeholder collaboration to develop a set of indicators and standards to guide humanitarian practitioners, published later in the form of the Sphere Handbook. Twenty years after the first edition of the Handbook was developed, and in order to guide the 2018 revision, an assessment of the evidence base for current Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Food Security and Nutrition, and Health Action indicators, as compared to evidence collated by the 2015 LSHTM Humanitarian Health Evidence Review (HHER), was conducted...
October 30, 2018: PLoS Currents
Drahomíra Tesařová
Aulus Cornelius Celsus worked up the basic principles of regimen in the first book of his encyclopedic treatise De medicina. In fact, it deals with ancient, broader concept of regimen as a way of living, including recommendation with respect of food, body care, work and leisure, environment as well as other factors. Celsus made no secret that Hippocrates and his disciples served to him as authorities. From number of cited examples follows that there is a consensus among these authors, especially in views concerning the impact of weather and seasons on human health...
2018: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
Rodrigo Labello Barbosa, Viviane Liotti Dias, Elias Seixas Lorosa, Elenild de Góes Costa, Karen Signori Pereira, Rovilson Gilioli, Ana Maria Aparecida Guaraldo, Luiz Augusto Corrêa Passos
BACKGROUND: In recent decades some outbreaks of food-borne acute Chagas disease (ACD) in humans were identified by clinical and epidemiological characterization after association through the ingestion of açaí pulp probably contaminated with Trypanosoma cruzi. Whereas Belém and Abaetetuba stood out as important risk regions for disease transmission, the importance of Rhodnius pictipes, and Philander opossum for the biological cycle of T. cruzi, and data from agribusiness market of açaí, to study T...
November 12, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
Jay A Lieberman
Peanut allergy is one of the most common food allergies in children, with a prevalence that has been increasing over the past several decades. The allergy is a type I, immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated reaction that commonly presents in childhood and can be associated with an anaphylactic response. There are many theories that attempt to explain the increasing prevalence, including dietary changes, improvements in hygiene, and intentional allergen avoidance. Diagnosis is made through a combination of a thorough patient history, peanut-specific serum-specific IgE levels, peanut skin-prick test, and, if necessary, an oral food challenge...
October 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Nurul Shahirah Aziz, Noor Soffalina Sofian Seng, Noorul Syuhada Mohd Razali, Seng Joe Lim, Wan Aida Wan Mustapha
White pepper is the dried seeds obtained from pepper berries (Piper nigrum L.) after the removal of the pericarp. It has been widely used as seasoning and condiments in food preparation. Globally, white pepper fetches a higher price compared to black pepper due to its lighter colour, preferable milder flavour and pungency. Increasing global demand of the spice outpaced the supply as the conventional production method used is laborious, lengthy and also less hygienic. The most common conventional method is water retting but can also include pit soil, chemical, boiling, steaming and mechanical methods...
November 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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