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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109958/foodborne-and-food-handler-norovirus-outbreaks-a-systematic-review
#1
Joanne L Hardstaff, Helen E Clough, Vittoria Lutje, K Marie McIntyre, John P Harris, Paul Garner, Sarah J O'Brien
Norovirus (NoV) is the commonest cause of gastrointestinal disease in the United Kingdom and in many developed countries, causing diarrhea and vomiting in millions of cases worldwide annually. Transmission is most often mediated from person to person. NoV infection has, however, additionally been associated with the consumption of food, either through the consumption of food contaminated at source such as seafood, berries, and salad, or as a consequence of the foodstuff being contaminated in some way by a food handler during processing or serving...
August 15, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102698/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-faecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-among-food-handlers-in-lower-basic-schools-in-west-coast-region-of-the-gambia
#2
Bakary Sanneh, Abou Kebbeh, Haruna S Jallow, Yaya Camara, Lusubilo Witson Mwamakamba, Ida Fatou Ceesay, Ebrima Barrow, Fatou O Sowe, Sana M Sambou, Ignatius Baldeh, Alpha Jallow, Matheu Alvarez Jorge Raul, Antoine Andremont
BACKGROUND: The isolation of Extended spectrum βlactamase (ESBLs) producing Enterobacteriaceae among food handlers and their implication as sources of food borne outbreaks are a public health concern. This study seeks to investigate the prevalence of faecal carriage of these bacteria among food handlers in the West Coast Region of The Gambia. METHOD: This study enrolled 600 participants from 60 Lower Basic Schools in West Coast Region of the country. Stool samples collected from the participants were presumptively screened for the ESBLs producing Enterobacteriaceae, using Drigalski agar, supplemented with 2mg/L cefotaxime...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30089220/prevalence-molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-different-origins-in-sichuan-province-china-2007-2015
#3
Xiaorong Yang, Jun Liu, Yulan Huang, Jiantong Meng, Gaopeng Lei, Yong Jia, Weifeng Huang, Yong Wang, Lin Zhang, Hong Lv, Shusen He
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major multidrug-resistant (MDR) opportunistic pathogen that is responsible for nosocomial infections worldwide. The emergence of MRSA in food-producing animals has heightened concerns regarding the presence of MRSA in foods having an animal origin. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of MRSA in different sources, including retail food, food-producing animals, and food handlers in Sichuan province. During 2007-2015, S. aureus was isolated from samples having different origins...
August 8, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075465/foodborne-viruses-detection-risk-assessment-and-control-options-in-food-processing
#4
REVIEW
Albert Bosch, Elissavet Gkogka, Françoise S Le Guyader, Fabienne Loisy-Hamon, Alvin Lee, Lilou van Lieshout, Balkumar Marthi, Mette Myrmel, Annette Sansom, Anna Charlotte Schultz, Anett Winkler, Sophie Zuber, Trevor Phister
In a recent report by risk assessment experts on the identification of food safety priorities using the Delphi technique, foodborne viruses were recognized among the top rated food safety priorities and have become a greater concern to the food industry over the past few years. Food safety experts agreed that control measures for viruses throughout the food chain are required. However, much still needs to be understood with regard to the effectiveness of these controls and how to properly validate their performance, whether it is personal hygiene of food handlers or the effects of processing of at risk foods or the interpretation and action required on positive virus test result...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072591/risk-factors-for-transport-related-problem-behaviors-in-horses-a-new-zealand-survey
#5
Barbara Padalino, Chris W Rogers, Danielle Guiver, Janis P Bridges, Christopher B Riley
Transport-related problem behaviors (TRPBs) are common in horses and can cause injury to both the horses and their handlers. This study aimed to identify possible risk factors for TRPBs to inform approaches to mitigate TRPBs incidence and enhance horse welfare. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted to explore the prevalence of TRPBs and their association with human-, training- and transport management-related factors in New Zealand. The survey generated 1124 valid responses that were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and logistic regression analyses...
August 2, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050612/risk-factors-for-transmission-of-salmonella-typhi-in-mahama-refugee-camp-rwanda-a-matched-case-control-study
#6
Jose Nyamusore, Marie Rosette Nahimana, Candide Tran Ngoc, Olushayo Olu, Ayodeji Isiaka, Vedaste Ndahindwa, Lakruwan Dassanayake, André Rusanganwa
Introduction: In early October 2015, the health facility in Mahama, a refugee camp for Burundians, began to record an increase in the incidence of a disease characterized by fever, chills and abdominal pain. The investigation of the outbreak confirmed Salmonella Typhi as the cause. A case-control study was conducted to identify risk factors for the disease. Methods: A retrospective matched case-control study was conducted between January and February 2016. Data were obtained through a survey of matched cases and controls, based on an epidemiological case definition and environmental assessment...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047371/typhoid-fever-in-chile-1969-2012-analysis-of-an-epidemic-and-its-control
#7
Claudia Marco, Iris Delgado, Claudio Vargas, Ximena Muñoz, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Catterina Ferreccio
From 1975 to 1983, a large epidemic of typhoid fever (TF) affected the metropolitan region (MR) of Chile (incidence rate [IR] of 219.6 per 105 in 1983). In 1983-1984, interventions were implemented focusing on person-to-person transmission (vaccination, food handlers' control, and mass communication) and regulations to control irrigation waters containing fecal contaminates. In 1991, a second intervention was quickly implemented to avoid the cholera epidemic-affecting neighboring countries (total prohibition of growing or selling crops in the MR)...
July 25, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047365/implementation-of-interventions-for-the-control-of-typhoid-fever-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Raluca Barac, Daina Als, Amruta Radhakrishnan, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Melanie Barwick
Past research has focused on typhoid fever surveillance with little attention to implementation methods or effectiveness of control interventions. This study purposefully sampled key informants working in public health in Chile, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, South Africa, and Nigeria to 1) scope typhoid-relevant interventions implemented between 1990 and 2015 and 2) explore contextual factors perceived to be associated with their implementation, based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
July 25, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041687/burden-of-intestinal-pathogens-and-associated-factors-among-asymptomatic-food-handlers-in-south-ethiopia-emphasis-on-salmonellosis
#9
Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon, Fiseha Wadilo Wada, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo, Hailu Chare Koyra, Efrata Girma Tufa
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the burden of intestinal parasites and Salmonellosis among asymptomatic food handlers at meal serving facilities in Sodo town. Antibiotic resistance was also common and increasing among Salmonella isolates with multidrug resistance as current concern. RESULT: Community based cross-sectional study was carried out from 387 food handlers working in meal serving facilities. Food handlers, 159(41%) had one or more intestinal parasites...
July 24, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020548/economically-motivated-food-fraud-and-adulteration-in-brazil-incidents-and-alternatives-to-minimize-occurrence
#10
REVIEW
Casiane Salete Tibola, Simone Alves da Silva, Alvaro Augusto Dossa, Diego Inácio Patrício
Brazil is one of the world's largest food producers. Adulteration of foods is often reported and represent an important potential threat to food safety. Because of this, reduction of the vulnerability of foods to adulteration is of high priority to Brazil. This study analyzes economically motivated food fraud and adulterations in Brazil between 2007 and 2017, based on academic journal reports. In addition, alternatives are proposed to minimize these incidents through good practices, traceability systems and the development of methods to detect food fraud and adulteration...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983931/prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-fecal-samples-of-food-handlers-in-qatar
#11
Nahla O Eltai, Hadi M Yassine, Asmaa A Al Thani, Marwan A Abu Madi, Ahmed Ismail, Emad Ibrahim, Walid Q Alali
Background: It is well documented that food handlers harbor and shed enteric foodborne pathogens causing foodborne disease outbreaks. However, little known on enteric antibiotic resistant (AR) bacteria carriage in food handlers. The objective of this study was to establish a baseline prevalence of fecal AR E. coli among food handlers in Qatar. Methods: Fecal samples were collected from 456 migrant food handlers of different nationalities arriving in Qatar on a work permit between January 2015 and December 2016...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963922/wearable-technology-effects-on-training-outcomes-of-restaurant-food-handlers
#12
Jeffrey Clark, Phil Crandall, Jessica Shabatura
Food safety training does not always result in behavior change, perhaps because of flaws inherent in traditional training designs. New technologies such as augmented reality headsets or head-mounted action cameras could transform the way food safety training is conducted in the food industry. Training conducted with wearable technology presents visual content in the first-person or actor's perspective, as opposed to the traditional third-person or observer perspective. This visual hands-on first-person perspective may provide an effective way of conveying information and encouraging behavior execution because it uses the mirror neuron system...
August 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941064/national-outbreak-of-salmonella-give-linked-to-a-local-food-manufacturer-in-malta-october-2016
#13
A Donachie, T Melillo, L Bubba, H Hartman, M-L Borg
Salmonella Give is a rare serotype across Europe. In October 2016, a national outbreak of S. Give occurred in Malta. We describe the epidemiological, environmental, microbiological and veterinary investigations. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was performed on human, food, environmental and veterinary isolates. Thirty-six human cases were reported between October and November 2016, 10 (28%) of whom required hospitalisation. Twenty-six (72%) cases were linked to four restaurants. S. Give was isolated from ready-to-eat antipasti served by three restaurants which were all supplied by the same local food manufacturer...
August 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939791/identification-of-biological-hazards-in-produce-consumed-in-industrialized-countries-a-review
#14
Min Li, Christopher A Baker, Michelle D Danyluk, Philippe Belanger, Frank Boelaert, Peter Cressey, Mihaela Gheorghe, Ben Polkinghorne, Hajime Toyofuku, Arie H Havelaar
Microbial contamination of fresh produce (fresh fruits and vegetables) poses serious public health concerns worldwide. This study was conducted as a comprehensive analysis of biological hazards in the global fresh produce chain. Data about produce-related outbreaks and illness were collected from the annual reports and databases of foodborne outbreak surveillance systems in different regions and countries from 2010 to 2015. The global patterns of and regional differences in documented outbreaks and cases were analyzed, and produce commodities and pathogens of greatest concern were identified...
July 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866604/food-safety-in-the-21st-century
#15
REVIEW
Fred Fung, Huei-Shyong Wang, Suresh Menon
Food is essential to life, hence food safety is a basic human right. Billons of people in the world are at risk of unsafe food. Many millions become sick while hundreds of thousand die yearly. The food chain starts from farm to fork/plate while challenges include microbial, chemical, personal and environmental hygiene. Historically, documented human tragedies and economic disasters due to consuming contaminated food occurred as a result of intentional or unintentional personal conduct and governmental failure to safeguard food quality and safety...
April 2018: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764520/investigation-of-a-typhoid-fever-epidemic-in-moyale-sub-county-kenya-2014-2015
#16
Dahabo Adi Galgallo, Zeinab Gura Roka, Waqo G Boru, Khalumi Abill, James Ransom
AIM: Typhoid fever is a vaccine-preventable bacterial disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality throughout Africa. This paper describes an upsurge of typhoid fever cases in Moyale Sub-County (MSC), Kenya, 2014-2015. METHODS: We conducted active hospital and health facility surveillance and laboratory and antimicrobial sensitivity testing for all patients presenting with headache, fever, stomach pains, diarrhea, or constipation at five MSC health facilities between December 2014 and January 2015...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745755/observation-of-high-school-students-food-handling-behaviors-do-they-improve-following-a-food-safety-education-intervention
#17
Kenneth J Diplock, Joel A Dubin, Scott T Leatherdale, David Hammond, Andria Jones-Bitton, Shannon E Majowicz
Youth are a key audience for food safety education. They often engage in risky food handling behaviors, prepare food for others, and have limited experience and knowledge of safe food handling practices. Our goal was to investigate the effectiveness of an existing food handler training program for improving safe food handling behaviors among high school students in Ontario, Canada. However, because no schools agreed to provide control groups, we evaluated whether behaviors changed following delivery of the intervention program and whether changes were sustained over the school term...
June 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723288/food-hygiene-and-safety-measures-among-food-handlers-in-street-food-shops-and-food-establishments-of-dessie-town-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Metadel Adane, Brhanu Teka, Yirga Gismu, Goitom Halefom, Muluneh Ademe
INTRODUCTION: In sub-Saharan Africa foodborne disease and foodborne disease outbreaks are frequently ascribed to poor personal hygiene of street food vendors and food handlers in food establishments. Evidence on the level of food hygiene practices and food safety measures among food handlers is required for proper planning and implementation of targeted interventions. In this study, we aimed to determine the level of food hygiene and safety measures among street food vendors and food handlers in food establishments of Dessie Town, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707664/food-safety-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-meat-handler-in-abattoir-and-retail-meat-shops-of-jigjiga-town-ethiopia
#19
H A Tegegne, H W W Phyo
A cross-sectional survey was carried out among 91 meat handlers by using structured questionnaire to determine the food safety knowledge, attitude and practices in abattoir and retail meat shops of Jigjiga Town. The result shows that majority of the meat handlers were illiterate (30.8%) and primary school leaver (52.7%), and no one went through any food safety training except one meat inspector. The food-handlers' knowledge and safety practices were below acceptable level with the mean score of 13.12 ± 2.33 and 7...
December 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676483/molecular-characteristics-of-antimicrobial-resistance-and-virulence-determinants-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-derived-from-clinical-infection-and-food
#20
Kui Luo, Fuye Shao, Kadijatu N Kamara, Shuaiyin Chen, Rongguang Zhang, Guangcai Duan, Haiyan Yang
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is an important human etiologic agent. An investigation of the characteristics of common genotypes of S. aureus relating to pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance may provide a foundation to prevent infection. METHODS: This study collected 275 S. aureus isolates from Zhengzhou city in China, including 148 isolates from patient samples and 127 isolates from ready-to-eat food samples. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using the broth dilution method...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
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