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L C Wang, A G Mittal, K Puttmann, N Janzen, L S Palmer, E B Yerkes, S L Ryan, E T Gonzales, D R Roth, C J Koh
INTRODUCTION: Women are entering the subspecialty of pediatric urology at an accelerated rate. Gender differences affecting fellowship and job selection have been identified in other fields of medicine. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand gender differences in pediatric urology fellowship and job selection and how they may affect the workforce. STUDY DESIGN: A 47-question electronic survey consisting of questions regarding demographics, residency training, and factors influencing fellowship and job selection was distributed to current fellows and recent graduates in pediatric urology in May 2017...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Wilbroad Mutale, Susan Cleary, Jill Olivier, Roma Chilengi, Lucy Gilson
BACKGROUND: Under the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's African Health Initiative, five Population Health Implementation and Training partnerships were established as long-term health system strengthening projects in five Sub-Saharan Countries. In Zambia, the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia began to implement the Better Health Outcomes through Mentorship and Assessments (BHOMA) in 2009. This was a combined community and health systems project involving 42 public facilities and their catchment populations...
October 19, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Angela Byars-Winston, Veronica Y Womack, Amanda R Butz, Richard McGee, Sandra C Quinn, Emily Utzerath, Carrie L Saetermoe, Stephen Thomas
Introduction: Innovative evidence-based-interventions are needed to equip research mentors with skills to address cultural diversity within research mentoring relationships. A pilot study assessed initial outcomes of a culturally tailored effort to create and disseminate a novel intervention titled Culturally Aware Mentoring (CAM) for research mentors. Intervention: Intervention development resulted in four products: a 6hr CAM training curriculum, a facilitator guide, an online pre-training module, and metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of CAM training...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Mariona Pons-Vigués, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera, Anna Berenguera, Concepción Violán, Vinita Mahtani-Chugani
OBJECTIVE: Explore the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) for development of public involvement in research by Institut Universitari d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol (IDIAPJGol) according to primary health care researchers in Catalonia (Spain). METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out in 2017 with 36 primary health care research teams accredited by IDIAPJGol and its management staff. An open questionnaire (paper and online) was designed and piloted to develop a SWOT technique, and 65 answers were obtained (14 in paper and 51 online)...
October 15, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
Anta F Yu, Hope House Men And Alumni
In this study, we used photovoice and grounded theory to understand the barriers and resources encountered by Black men navigating substance use recovery and/or reentry following incarceration in an urban, economically disadvantaged neighborhood. The conceptual framework that emerged highlighted the significant impact of traumatic disruptions to place and relationships, as well as an ongoing dialectical tension between considering passive participation in street life or choosing recovery. Regarding action steps, participants recommended investing in community infrastructure, rehabilitating adults to be mentors, and mentoring youth to prevent street involvement...
October 15, 2018: Health & Place
Kari L Nelson, Claudia M Rauter, Christine E Cutucache
The development of critical thinking skills in recent college graduates is keenly requested by employers year after year. Moreover, improving these skills can help students to better question and analyze data. Consequently, we aimed to implement a training program that would add to the critical thinking skills of undergraduate students: Nebraska Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math 4U (NE STEM 4U). In this program, undergraduates provide outreach, mentoring, and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education to K-8 students...
December 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
Jane Andrews, Catherine Jones, Jeanette Tetrault, Kris Coontz
PROBLEM: Physicians have unique insights into the impact of government policies on vulnerable populations. Sharing these with legislators can help them design policy solutions to address public health challenges such as the opioid epidemic, drug pricing, and gun violence. However, despite widespread interest among residents in advocacy and systems-based change, most physicians receive no formal training in the skills needed to become effective physician-advocates. Advocacy training curricula for residents can equip trainees with skills to bridge this gap...
October 16, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Khalid Rehman, Julia Walochnik, Johannes Mischlinger, Bodour Alassil, Richard Allan, Michael Ramharter
Since the onset of the ongoing civil war in Syria, the governmental surveillance system for leishmaniasis has lost access to provinces of northern Syria. The MENTOR Initiative, an international not-for-profit organization, was commissioned to implement an integrated leishmaniasis control program, providing an opportunity to reassess the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in northern Syria. Epidemiologic data and biologic samples for molecular species diagnostics were collected from collaborating local health centers...
November 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Rebecca Pinnelas
American physician Emanuel Libman (1872-1946) was a generalist with Sherlockian diagnostic skills ("secret-divining eyes" according to Einstein) whose achievements were recognized by the scientific community and the public. Personal aspects of Libman were revealed in an oral history conducted with psychiatrist George L. Engel, a nephew who was raised in his house, and show Libman to be an intensely private person, contrasting with the image of him as a mentor and teacher. Yet Libman as a young physician and investigator remains absent in these opposing biographical reflections...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Goldie Komaie, Melody Goodman, Angela McCall, Gloria McGill, Chavelle Patterson, Cassandra Hayes, Vetta Sanders Thompson
Purpose: Community-based training in public health research can build capacity for community-based participatory research (CBPR) and foster health partnerships between academics and stakeholders. We describe a community-academic partnership developed from a 15-week program, the Community Research Fellows Training (CRFT), designed to increase research literacy and facilitate equitable relationships in community/researcher collaborations and partnerships. The article provides a description of a community and faculty collaboration to conduct a participatory pilot research project that followed program completion...
2018: Health Equity
Briana L Rigau, Elizabeth A Scully, Jodi K Dooling-Litfin, Natalie J Murphy, Beth M McManus, Mary A Khetani
Background: Electronic data capture is essential to advancing family-centered coordinated care in early intervention (EI). The purpose of this paper is to report on EI service coordinator response to piloting an electronic parent-reported outcome (e-PRO) assessment as part of their routine workflow, including lessons learned that may inform future phases of e-PRO implementation. Methods: This second pilot study involved families enrolled in a large EI program (n=1040 families) in concert with their implementation of a statewide quality improvement initiative for care plan development and outcomes reporting...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
Sonia Chanchlani, Daniel Chang, Jeremy Sl Ong, Aresh Anwar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of a peer mentoring program for first year medical interns and to assess the demand for and benefits of such a program in an Australian hospital. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomised controlled study of the impact on first year interns of peer-led mentoring by second and third year interns, undertaken during 2015 at the Royal Perth Hospital, a tertiary teaching hospital. Methods and main outcome measure: Interns were recruited and randomised 1:1 to being assigned or not assigned a mentor...
October 22, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine patterns of use and factors associated with education support use in students with ADHD during early adolescence. METHOD: Participants were 130 adolescents ( M = 13.7 years, SD = 1.1) with ADHD. Educational support use and the factors associated with use were collected by parent and teacher questionnaires and standardized academic tests during the 2014-2015 school years. Support rates and categories are described. Logistic regression models examine individual, family, and school variables associated with support versus no support...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Ntombizodwa P Ndou, Salaminah S Moloko-Phiri
BACKGROUND: Over the last 20 years, more men have been choosing to pursue a career in nursing. Despite this, men remain a minority in the nursing workforce around the world, including South Africa. Even though there is an increase in the number of male students entering the profession, male students remain a minority. Comparatively speaking, there is no balance between the number of female and male students taken in each intake. This is even reflected in the South African Nursing Council statistics...
October 4, 2018: Curationis
Kristina N LaVenia, Jacob Burgoon
We report findings from an evaluation of the Mentors in Toledo Schools program (MITS), which pairs adult community volunteers with elementary school students in need of reading support. Begun in 2012, MITS now operates in five elementary schools in Toledo Public Schools. A quasi-experimental study of 379 students (n = 128 mentored, n = 251 comparison) tested the effectiveness of MITS, using changes (fall to spring) in students' scores on STAR Reading. Multilevel models demonstrate students who participated in MITS made statistically significant, and educationally meaningful, reading gains compared to students who did not participate...
October 9, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Cancer
Jennifer K Brueckner-Collins, Terry D Stratton, Rosemarie L Conigliaro
There is growing evidence in the medical education literature for the aggressive need to recruit and retain the next generation of academic physicians. In 2008, the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (UK COM) developed an academic health careers (AHCs) program for preclinical medical students as an introduction into the practice of academic medicine. The goals of this elective experience included (1) highly customized training and mentorship experiences in research, teaching, and other aspects of academic medicine; (2) information and perspectives to assist students in making informed career choices, including options for academic careers; (3) access to academic career mentors and role models related to individual faculty research interests and teaching responsibilities; and (4) opportunities to network with UK COM administrators...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
Kaedi Navarro, Elaine Wainwright, Karen Rodham, Abbie Jordan
Introduction: Parenting a young person with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is associated with high levels of parental distress and numerous emotional, informational, and practical challenges. To meet these challenges, parents seek others undergoing similar experiences, both in face to face and online forums. Objectives: The objective of this study was to conduct a qualitative analysis of online forum data to explore the process of parental forum communication regarding parenting a young person with CRPS in online spaces...
September 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
Thomas E Keller, Bahia Overton, Julia M Pryce, Johanna E Barry, Andrew Sutherland, David L DuBois
Formal youth mentoring programs tend to focus on the mentor-mentee dyad as the primary relationship cultivated and supported. The interests and preferences of the parent or caregiver in the mentoring relationship may receive little attention. In this study, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with primary caregivers (N=20) of early adolescent girls participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters community-based mentoring program to explore reasons why they wanted mentors for their daughters. Thematic analysis revealed that caregivers expected mentors to support their daughters as trusted companions, confidants, and conduits to opportunities and services...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Elizabeth S Anderson, Jenny Ford, Lucy Thorpe
The involvement of patients and carers is central to the values of interprofessional education (IPE) which aims to improve the experience of care and care delivery. Partnership arrangements with service users and carers within Higher Education Institutions face the same barriers relating to status, power, and resources, as the implementation of IPE. The complexity of these alignments can be explained by Activity Theory (AT). Using a qualitative research methodology we set out to consider the stakeholder perspectives on whether patients should progress from telling their stories to taking on a leading teaching role, within a well-established IPE workshop...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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