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Dewey A Christmas, Joseph P Mirante
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Margita Držaić, Ingrid Kummer, Iva Mucalo, Andreia Bruno, Maja Ortner Hadžiabdić
BACKGROUND: Competency frameworks that prompt personal and professional development have become an important component of lifelong learning; they are driven by healthcare professionals' need for development and professional recognition. This study aimed to evaluate the self-assessed competencies of community pharmacist-preceptors by using Croatian Competency Framework (CCF) and to identify competencies to be improved. The secondary aim was to explore the association between community pharmacists' characteristics (i...
December 11, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Giancarlo Mercado, Elise Trumbull
Beginning immigrant teachers may experience cross-cultural conflicts because their home cultures may differ in important ways from U.S. school culture. In California, mentors are assigned to work with new teachers, many born in other countries, to solve a range of problems-often attributable to cross-cultural conflicts between the culture of the school and the cultures of these teachers. Mentors are veteran teachers, but even those who receive special training as mentors are not educated in theories explaining how culture influences child-rearing and schooling practices...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Ivy Muya, Joanne Garside, Marco Van-der Plas, Mohammed Ali Mohammed
Introduction: Bosasso General Hospital is located in Puntland Somalia, an area affected by prolonged civil conflict, terrorism, clan fighting and piracy. International evidence highlights that staff skills and competence may have a significant impact on patient outcomes however there has been little research on emergency education in such an austere and volatile environment. The purpose of this study therefore was to identify current practices and gaps in delivering emergency medicine education in this resource-deprived environment...
December 2018: African Journal of Emergency Medicine Revue Africaine de la Médecine D'urgence
Benjamin A Mandel, Sharon M Weber, Karol A Gutowski, A Neil Salyapongse, Michael L Bentz
Background: A previous study demonstrated that independent model plastic surgery residents are less likely to pursue a career in academic surgery than those graduating from other surgical fellowships. This study was designed to evaluate whether a significant curriculum change emphasizing academic plastic surgery skills would be significant in influencing a plastic surgery resident's decision to pursue a career in academic plastic surgery. Methods: A survey was sent to 30 consecutive graduates of a university plastic surgery residency program...
October 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Bjørg Aglen, Vera Louise Sørø, Arne Orvik, Gørill Haugan
Aim: The recruitment and retention of preceptors to mentor health professional students and apprentices in their clinical studies are not easy. The aim of this study was to investigate factors that hindered the implementation of an intervention intended to improve the working conditions for preceptors in nursing homes. The preceptorship was related to clinical studies for health professional students and apprentices. Design: A qualitative, explorative design was applied...
January 2019: Nursing Open
Gersten Jonker, Eveline Booij, W Rhodé Otte, Charissa Me Vlijm, Olle Ten Cate, Reinier G Hoff
Purpose: The transition from undergraduate to postgraduate training can be facilitated by offering electives that focus on increased patient care responsibilities. This transitional year model in the Netherlands has recently been expanded to offer packages of electives geared to specific residencies and was called "dedicated transitional year" (DTY). At University Medical Center Utrecht, an entrustable professional activity (EPA)-based multidisciplinary DTY in acute care (DTY-AC), rooted in self-determination theory (SDT), has been implemented...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Janet Saul, Gretchen Bachman, Shannon Allen, Nora F Toiv, Caroline Cooney, Ta'Adhmeeka Beamon
In sub-Saharan Africa, adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) are 5 to 14 times more likely to be infected with HIV than their male peers. Every day, more than 750 AGYW are infected with HIV. Many factors make girls and young women particularly vulnerable to HIV, including gender-based violence, exclusion from economic opportunities, and a lack of access to secondary school. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is dedicating significant resources through the Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, and Safe (DREAMS) partnership to impact the lives of women and girls based on PEPFAR's mission to help countries achieve epidemic control of HIV/AIDS...
2018: PloS One
David W Russell
On January 21, 2017, I received an E-mail from Herb Tabor that I had been simultaneously hoping for and dreading for several years: an invitation to write a "Reflections" article for the Journal of Biological Chemistry On the one hand, I was honored to receive an invitation from Herb, a man I have admired for over 40 years, known for 24 years, and worked with as a member of the Editorial Board and Associate Editor of the Journal of Biological Chemistry for 17 years. On the other hand, the invitation marked the waning of my career as an academic scientist...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Wendy C Coates, Lalena M Yarris, Samuel O Clarke, Daniel Runde, Jacqueline Kurth, Emilie Fowlkes, Jaime Jordan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Research in basic, translational, and clinical emergency medicine has made great strides since the formalization of emergency medicine as a specialty. Our objective is to identify and analyze strategies used by emergency medicine research pioneers to inform further advancement of research in emergency medicine, particularly for aspiring researchers and those in emerging areas, using emergency medicine medical education as one example. METHODS: This was a prospective, grounded-theory, qualitative study, using a constructivist/interpretivist paradigm...
December 7, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Zarnie Lwin, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt, Kay Francis, Christos S Karapetis, Deme Karikios, Rosemary Harrup
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to understand the current and future challenges for the Australian medical oncologist workforce. METHODS: Utilising an on-line self-administered questionnaire, this cross-sectional study collected data from members of the Medical Oncology Group of Australia on workforce-related issues. Participants consisted of medical oncology specialist advanced trainees, early-career oncologists (ECOs), and medical oncology consultants. FINDINGS: Of the 633 members, 354 completed the questionnaire, representing a 55...
October 24, 2018: Seminars in Oncology
Alexander E Rolls, Celia V Riga, Sybghat U Rahim, Willem Willaert, Isabelle Van Herzeele, Danail V Stoyanov, Mohamad S Hamady, Nick J Cheshire, Colin D Bicknell
OBJECTIVE: Video motion analysis (VMA) uses fluoroscopic sequences to derive information on catheter and guidewire movement and is able to calculate two-dimensional catheter tip path length (PL) on the basis of frame-by-frame pixel coordinates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of anatomic complexity on the efficiency of completion of defined stages of simulated carotid artery stenting as measured by VMA. METHODS: Twenty interventionists each performed a standardized easy, medium, and difficult carotid artery stenting case in random order on an ANGIO Mentor (Simbionix, Airport City, Israel) simulator...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Gregory Cabanas, Mary Barna Bridgeman, Evelyn R Hermes-DeSantis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacy residency training standards require development of medical writing skills. These skills are fundamental to pharmacy clinicians and scholars alike. Despite this requirement, new practitioners and seasoned clinicians frequently struggle with scholarly development and manuscript generation for a variety of reasons, ranging from lack of experience or familiarity with the process of peer-review submission to time constraints. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: We describe a process for fostering pharmacy resident scholarship and publication utilized at Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, including the stages of the project development process and corresponding responsibilities during each phase of the manuscript submission process...
December 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Kelly Powers, Elizabeth K Herron, Cory Sheeler, Amber Sain
BACKGROUND: Despite the need to improve gender diversity in the United States nursing workforce, limited studies have explored the experience of former male nursing students and research is needed to provide guidance about teaching and mentoring strategies that can promote male student retention and success. PURPOSE: This study was conducted to explore the lived experience of former male nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive phenomenological approach was used...
November 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
Belinda Jim, Jerry Yee
Mentorship has always been important in medicine. In fact, one can argue that that is how doctors are trained. Moreover, mentorship has been proven to preserve and elevate those who wish to pursue academic medicine. In nephrology, mentorship has become paramount, as interest in the field has declined during this decade. In this article, we will delineate how mentorship impacts physician careers, describe different types of mentors and their characteristics, and summarize responsibilities of mentors and mentees...
November 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Sharmeela Saha, Jay B Wish
The responsibilities of a dialysis unit medical director are specified in the ESRD Conditions for Coverage and encompass multiple quality, safety, and educational domains. Many of these responsibilities require leadership skills that are neither intuitive nor acquired as part of the medical director's training. An effective medical director is able to shape the culture of the dialysis facility such that patients and staff feel free to communicate their concerns regarding suboptimal processes without fear of retribution, and there is a continuous iterative process of quality improvement and safety, which values input from all stakeholders...
November 2018: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
Blossom Yen-Ju Lin, Pei-Chun Liu, Kuo-Tung Ku, Cheng-Chun Lee
THEORY: Taiwan's medical undergraduate program at a university or medical center is a continuation of 12 years of compulsory citizenship education rooted in holistic philosophies. Students acquire both technical knowledge and nontechnical attributes, which are necessary for success in further work and life. The early clinical learning experiences of medical students are primarily acquired through clerkships. These clerkships require medical students to apply and extend what they learned during their preclinical education; however, previous studies have explored this issue through examining fragmentary factors such as preclinical course grades and traits but not undertaking comprehensive, whole-person investigations...
December 7, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Wipada Kunaviktikul, Sue Turale, Teresa E Stone
Globally, leadership in nursing and healthcare is vital to develop professional skills and knowledge to improve both practice and population health. Much can be learned from the leadership experiences of others, such as Professor Wipada Kunaviktikul from Thailand, a well-known nursing leader. Among her many life achievements, she is a founding member of the Editorial Board of Nursing & Health Sciences and was invited to share her life story with readers. Her life story includes experiences of leadership and capacity building in health, administration and education, across many organizations nationally and internationally...
December 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Jung Eun Yoo, Seo Eun Hwang, Gyeongsil Lee, Seung Jae Kim, Sang Min Park, Jong-Koo Lee, Seung-Hee Lee, Hyun Bae Yoon, Ji Eun Lee
PURPOSE: The introduction of community-based medical education would help improve the quality of primary care. This paper suggests learning objectives and an educational program for community-based medical education. METHODS: The educational program was developed in a 1-day consensus workshop. Twenty experts, including faculty members from family medicine department of a college of medicine in Seoul and community-based preceptors, participated in the program. A needs-assessment survey was conducted among community-based preceptors before the workshop...
December 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Jorge Luiz da Silva, Neire Aparecida Machado Scarpini, Susana Segura Munõz, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva, Marlene Fagundes Carvalho Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: To analyze a professor training experience for higher education. METHOD: This is a descriptive case report on the professor training process in the postgraduate course of the College of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. An evaluative activity was performed to capture the perceptions and experiences of 21 graduate students who were interns of an educational improvement program. The data were analyzed following the thematic content analysis guidelines...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
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