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Anals journals of surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564356/chinese-research-into-severe-ulcerative-colitis-has-increased-in-quantity-and-complexity
#1
Cheng-Xin Luo, Zhong-Hui Wen, Yu Zhen, Zhu-Jun Wang, Jing-Xi Mu, Min Zhu, Qin Ouyang, Hu Zhang
AIM: To investigate the current state of research output from Chinese studies into severe ulcerative colitis (SUC) using a bibliometric analysis of publications. METHODS: The contents of the Chinese periodical databases WANFANG, VIP, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for all papers regarding UC or SUC published in last the 15 years (from 2001 to 2015). The number of publications in each year was recorded to assess the temporal trends of research output...
March 16, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601550/timing-is-everything-what-is-the-optimal-duration-after-chemoradiation-for-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#2
Karyn A Goodman
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology , to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26704004/-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-comparing-procedure-for-prolapse-and-hemorrhoids-with-milligan-morgan-hemorrhoidectomy-in-the-treatment-of-prolapsed-hemorrhoids
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ping He, Hongliang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (PPH) with Milligan-Morgan hemorrhoidectomy (MMH) in the treatment of prolapsed hemorrhoids. METHODS: All the randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing PPH with MMH in the treatment of prolapsed hemorrhoids published between January 1998 and January 2015 were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Wangfang, VIP databases. Hand search was applied in Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Chinese Journal of Coloproctology and Journal of Colorectal and Anal Surgery from the library of Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
December 2015: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559167/systematic-review-of-guidelines-for-the-assessment-and-management-of-high-grade-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-ain-ii-iii
#4
REVIEW
N N Alam, D A White, S K Narang, I R Daniels, N J Smart
AIM: There is ambiguity with regard to the optimal management of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) III. The aim of this review was to assess and compare international/national society guidelines currently available in the literature on the management, treatment and surveillance of AIN III. We also aimed to assess the quality of the studies used to compile the guidelines and to clarify the terminology used in histological assessment. METHOD: An electronic search of PubMed and Embase was performed using the search terms 'anal intraepithelial neoplasia', 'AIN', 'anal cancer', 'guidelines', 'surveillance' and 'management'...
February 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26193665/plugs-for-containing-faecal-incontinence
#5
REVIEW
Marije Deutekom, Annette C Dobben
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is a distressing disorder with high social stigma. Not all people with faecal incontinence can be cured with conservative or surgical treatment and they may need to rely on containment products, such as anal plugs. OBJECTIVES: To assess the performance of different types of anal plugs for containment of faecal incontinence. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, ClinicalTrials...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830422/a-randomized-trial-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
H Jaap Bonjer, Charlotte L Deijen, Gabor A Abis, Miguel A Cuesta, Martijn H G M van der Pas, Elly S M de Lange-de Klerk, Antonio M Lacy, Willem A Bemelman, John Andersson, Eva Angenete, Jacob Rosenberg, Alois Fuerst, Eva Haglind
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer is widely used. However, robust evidence to conclude that laparoscopic surgery and open surgery have similar outcomes in rectal cancer is lacking. A trial was designed to compare 3-year rates of cancer recurrence in the pelvic or perineal area (locoregional recurrence) and survival after laparoscopic and open resection of rectal cancer. METHODS: In this international trial conducted in 30 hospitals, we randomly assigned patients with a solitary adenocarcinoma of the rectum within 15 cm of the anal verge, not invading adjacent tissues, and without distant metastases to undergo either laparoscopic or open surgery in a 2:1 ratio...
April 2, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23821339/surgery-for-faecal-incontinence-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Steven R Brown, Himanshu Wadhawan, Richard L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is a debilitating problem with significant medical, social and economic implications. Treatment options include conservative, non-operative interventions (for example pelvic floor muscle training, biofeedback, drugs) and surgical procedures. A surgical procedure may be aimed at correcting an obvious mechanical defect, or augmenting a functionally deficient but structurally intact sphincter complex. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of surgical techniques for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults who do not have rectal prolapse...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23757096/drug-treatment-for-faecal-incontinence-in-adults
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad Imran Omar, Cameron Edwin Alexander
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (leakage of bowel motions or stool) is a common symptom which causes significant distress and reduces quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of drug therapy for the treatment of faecal incontinence. In particular, to assess the effects of individual drugs relative to placebo or other drugs, and to compare drug therapy with other treatment modalities. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Incontinence Group Specialised Register of Trials, which contains trials identified from the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE and MEDLINE in process, and handsearching of journals and conference proceedings (searched 21 June 2012) and the reference lists of relevant articles...
June 11, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21558532/giulio-cesare-aranzio-arantius-1530-89-in-the-pageant-of-anatomy-and-surgery
#9
Raffi Gurunluoglu, Maziar Shafighi, Aslin Gurunluoglu, Safiye Cavdar
Giulio Cesare Aranzio in Italian (Julius Caesar Arantius in Latin) has not received full acclaim for his achievements in the field of anatomy and surgery that remain unknown to most physicians. His anatomical books Observationes Anatomicas, and De Humano Foetu Opusculum and surgical books De Tumoribus Secundum Locos Affectos and Hippocratis librum de vulneribus capitis commentarius brevis printed in Latin and additional existing literature on Aranzio from medical history books and journals were analysed extensively...
May 2011: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20824829/surgery-for-faecal-incontinence-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Steven R Brown, Himanshu Wadhawan, Richard L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is a debilitating problem with significant medical, social and economic implications. Treatment options include conservative, non-operative interventions (e.g. pelvic floor muscle training, biofeedback, drugs) and surgical procedures. A surgical procedure may be aimed at correcting an obvious mechanical defect, or augmenting a functionally deficient but structurally intact sphincter complex. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of surgical techniques for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults who do not have rectal prolapse...
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20464741/surgical-intervention-for-anorectal-fistula
#11
REVIEW
Tarun J Jacob, Benjamin Perakath, Michael R B Keighley
BACKGROUND: Surgery for anorectal fistula may result in recurrence, or impairment of continence. The ideal treatment for anorectal fistulae should be associated with low recurrence rates, minimal incontinence and good quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and morbidity of operative procedures for chronic anal fistula, primary outcomes being recurrence and incontinence. SEARCH STRATEGY: The following databases were searched: EMBASE (Webspirs 5...
May 12, 2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18023571/laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#12
Elena Orsenigo, Saverio Di Palo, Andrea Vignali, Carlo Staudacher
The goal of this review is to outline some of the important surgical issues surrounding the management of patients with low rectal cancer submitted to laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR). Surgery for rectal cancer continues to develop towards the ultimate goals of improved local control and overall survival, maintaining quality of life, and preserving sphincter, genitourinary, and sexual function. Nevertheless, all progress in the development of oncologic therapy (i.e., radiation and chemotherapy), radical surgical removal of the tumour is the only chance for permanent cure of rectal cancer...
December 2007: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17443511/surgery-for-faecal-incontinence-in-adults
#13
REVIEW
S R Brown, R L Nelson
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is a debilitating problem with significant medical, social and economic implications. Treatment options include conservative, non-surgical interventions (e.g. pelvic floor muscle training, biofeedback, drugs, sacral nerve stimulation) and surgical procedures. A surgical procedure may be aimed at correcting an obvious mechanical defect, or augmenting a functionally deficient but structurally intact sphincter complex or replace an absent/non-functioning sphincter...
2007: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16044647/-evidence-based-medicine-in-spanish-pediatric-surgery-reports
#14
V Ibáñez, V Modesto, J Lluna, E Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric surgical literature is characterized by a high prevalence of observational studies and a paucity of randomized controlled trial, comparing mainly medical therapies. AIMS: To asses scientific evidence level produced by spanish pediatric surgeons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Articles reported in Cirugía Pediátrica, surgical reports in Anales Españoles de Pediatría, and reports from spanish authors published in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Surgery International and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery, from 1997 to 2002...
April 2005: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15907850/preparing-for-loop-ileostomy-surgery-women-s-accounts-from-a-qualitative-study
#15
Joy Notter, Philip Burnard
Restorative proctocolectomy has become increasingly the surgical treatment of choice for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis since its inception in 1978 [Parks and Nicholls, 1978. British Medical Journal 2(6130), 85-88]. As Keighley, Grobler and Bain [1993. Gut 34(6), 680-684] point out it not only eradicates disease, it preserves the anal sphincter, so enabling patients to void normally. However, for many patients surgery takes place in stages, with the formation of a loop ileostomy as the first stage...
February 2006: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10796817/surgery-for-complete-rectal-prolapse-in-adults
#16
REVIEW
P Bachoo, M Brazzelli, A Grant
BACKGROUND: Complete rectal prolapse is a debilitating condition, which affects both the very young and the elderly and can cause faecal incontinence. The range of surgical methods available to correct the underlying anal sphincter or pelvic floor defects in complete rectal prolapse poses the question about the choice of the best operation. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of surgery on the treatment of rectal prolapse in adults. The following specific issues have been addressed: I...
2000: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10796816/surgery-for-faecal-incontinence-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
P Bachoo, M Brazzelli, A Grant
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is a debilitating problem with significant medical, social and economic implications. Treatment options include conservative, non-operative interventions (e.g. pelvic floor muscle training, biofeedback, drugs) and surgical procedures. Surgery is used in selected groupsof people when the structural and functional defects in the pelvic floor muscles or the anal sphincter complex can be corrected mechanically. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of established surgical techniques for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults who do not have rectal prolapse...
2000: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9927764/-model-of-bibliometric-analysis-of-publications-on-pediatric-surgery-1984-1996
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
J González de Dios, A Martínez Lorente
BACKGROUND: There is no detailed information on the scientific production in Pediatric Surgery (PS) in Spain, and we studied this problem by means of a model of bibliometric analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all the articles published in the main pediatric Spanish journal (Anales Españoles de Pediadría) over a 13-year period (1984-1996). Quantitative and qualitative bibliometric indicators of the articles over PS were performed, and we studied also the main differences found between the period before (1984-87) and after (1988-96) the foundation of the journal Cirugía Pediátrica...
October 1998: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9378016/development-and-status-of-proctology-in-japan
#19
M Takano
Formerly in Japan, the treatment of anal diseases was performed with techniques transmitted from Asian countries such as China and Korea using herbs, necrotizing agents, ligation, seton, and other methods. Before World War II, western medicine and techniques were brought in from Germany, including Whitehead's operation. After the war, new knowledge was introduced from the United Kingdom and the United States: ligation and excision for hemorrhoids, sphincter-preserving methods such as Hanley's and Parks' for fistulas, and sliding skin graft methods such as Carmels' for anal fissure...
October 1997: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6503986/-activities-of-the-japanese-group-for-the-study-of-anorectal-anomalies
#20
M Saeki
Although an excellent classification of anorectal anomalies was proposed by Stephens and Smith in 1970, some problems came out when this classification was adopted to the clinical materials. In 1974, a study group on anorectal anomalies was formed in Japan to collect cases enough to undertake further investigation on the classification of anorectal anomaly. A registration form was defined in that year with standardization of technics and indications for clinical and roentgenological investigations. Through studies of the group, some aspects on the classification was reported on the Journal of Pediatric Surgery in 1982 with comments to the "International" classification...
September 1984: Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
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