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Zinc alpha2 glycoprotein alpha 2

Michael J Tisdale
Both cytokines and tumor factors have been implicated in tissue loss in cancer cachexia. Loss of adipose tissue is most likely due to the tumor (and host) factor zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein because of its direct lipolytic effect, ability to sensitize adipocytes to lipolytic stimuli and increased expression in cachexia. TNF-alpha and the tumor factor proteolysis-inducing factor are the major contenders for skeletal muscle atrophy; both increase protein degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway and depress protein synthesis through phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha...
April 2010: Future Oncology
Steven T Russell, Michael J Tisdale
Zinc-alpha(2)-glycoprotein (ZAG) is an adipokine associated with fat loss in cancer cachexia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of recombinant human ZAG to attenuate type 2 diabetes in the ob/ob mouse model. ZAG (50 microg daily, iv) induced a progressive loss of body weight (3.5 g in 5 d), without an effect on food or water intake but with a 0.4 C rise in body temperature, suggesting an increased energy expenditure. Despite an increased plasma glycerol, indicative of increased lipolysis, levels of glucose, triglycerides, and nonesterified fatty acids were decreased by 17, 25, and 62%, respectively, due to an increased use of both glucose and lipids by muscle and brown adipose tissue...
March 2010: Endocrinology
T Mracek, D Gao, T Tzanavari, Y Bao, X Xiao, C Stocker, P Trayhurn, C Bing
Zinc-alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG, also listed as AZGP1 in the MGI Database), a lipid-mobilising factor, has recently been suggested as a potential candidate in the modulation of body weight. We investigated the effect of increased adiposity on ZAG expression in adipose tissue and the liver and on plasma levels in obese (ob/ob) mice compared with lean siblings. The study also examined the effect of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) on ZAG expression in adipocytes. Zag mRNA levels were significantly reduced in subcutaneous (fourfold) and epididymal (eightfold) fat of ob/ob mice...
February 2010: Journal of Endocrinology
Y Wu, R Shu, L-J Luo, L-H Ge, Y-F Xie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary proteomics technology can be used to evaluate the disease progression of periodontitis and the systemic screening of proteomes of saliva from subjects with aggressive periodontitis has not been available. The objective of this preliminary study was to compare the proteomic profile of whole unstimulated saliva of subjects with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) with that of healthy volunteers to identify proteins, the levels of which were significantly altered between the two groups...
October 2009: Journal of Periodontal Research
Maria Luiza Doria Almeida, Marco Antonio Barbieri, Ricardo Q Gurgel, Saddiq Tsimiri Abdurrahman, Uthman Alhaji Baba, C Anthony Hart, Alan Shenkin, Angela Maria Silva, Luiz de Souza, Luis Eduardo Cuevas
The identification of early markers that predict the response to anti-tuberculosis treatment would facilitate evaluation of new drugs and improve patient management. This study aimed to determine whether selected acute phase proteins and micronutrients measured at the time of diagnosis and during the first weeks of treatment could predict treatment responses during the 2-month standard intensive phase of therapy. For this purpose, alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-acid glycoprotein, alpha2-macroglobulin, C-reactive protein, C3, C4, zinc, copper and selenium concentrations were measured in Brazilian patients with smear-positive tuberculosis at the time of diagnosis and 1, 3, 5 and 8 weeks after initiation of therapy...
June 2009: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Theodora Tzanavari, Chen Bing, Paul Trayhurn
Zinc-alpha(2)-glycoprotein (ZAG), a lipid-mobilizing factor, is a novel adipokine which may act locally to influence adipose tissue metabolism. This study examined the ontogeny of ZAG expression in adipose tissue during postnatal development. White (subcutaneous, gonadal, and perirenal) and brown (interscapular) fat was collected from rats aged 1-32 days. ZAG mRNA was detected from day 1 in subcutaneous fat, which appears the key site of synthesis postnatally. ZAG was detected in perirenal (day 5) and in gonadal (day 7) fat when the tissue was sufficient for analysis...
December 15, 2007: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Bevin Gangadharan, Robin Antrobus, Raymond A Dwek, Nicole Zitzmann
BACKGROUND: Liver biopsy is currently the gold standard for assessing liver fibrosis, and no reliable noninvasive diagnostic approach is available. Therefore a suitable serologic biomarker of liver fibrosis is urgently needed. METHODS: We used a proteomics method based on 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis to identify potential fibrosis biomarkers. Serum samples from patients with varying degrees of hepatic scarring induced by infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) were analyzed and compared with serum from healthy controls...
October 2007: Clinical Chemistry
N A Zorin, V N Zorina, R M Zorina
Proteins of the macroglobulin family are an ancient and evolutionarily conservative link of the immune system, which is actively involved in both inhibition of tumor growth cells and proliferation of tumor cells. Two basically different binding sites and a great conformational plasticity of all representatives of the macroglobulin family, as well as the presence of two to four representatives of the family in the blood of most species allow them to transport diverse substances and exert various regulatory influences on both the tumor and the entire organism...
January 2006: Ontogenez
Ster Irmak, Derya Tilki, Jochen Heukeshoven, Leticia Oliveira-Ferrer, Martin Friedrich, Hartwig Huland, Süleyman Ergün
Identification and characterization of biomarkers in body fluids such as serum or urine serve as a basis for early detection of diseases, particularly of cancer. Performing 2-DE with subsequent MS analyses, conventional immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry we identified two proteins, orosomucoid (ORM) and human zinc-alpha(2)-glycoprotein (ZAG), which were increased in the urine samples of patients with bladder cancer in comparison to the urine samples of healthy volunteers. The highest amount of both proteins was found in invasive bladder cancer stages such as pT2-3...
November 2005: Proteomics
S Mrusek, I Classen-Linke, A Vloet, H M Beier, C A Krusche
Many mammary tumors express estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR), and there is increasing evidence that progestins influence gene expression of breast tumor cells. To analyse the impact of progestins on breast cancer cells, we compared (a) the expression of two cytokines, involved in tumor progression, and searched (b) for differentially regulated genes by a microarray, containing 2400 genes, on T47D breast cancer cells cultured for 6 days with 17beta-estradiol (E2) or E2+medroxyprogesterone acetate (E2+MPA)...
May 12, 2005: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Steven T Russell, Thomas P Zimmerman, Barbara A Domin, Michael J Tisdale
Loss of adipose tissue in cancer cachexia has been associated with tumour production of a lipid-mobilizing factor (LMF) which has been shown to be homologous with the plasma protein zinc-alpha(2)-glycoprotein (ZAG). The aim of this study was to compare the ability of human ZAG with LMF to stimulate lipolysis in vitro and induce loss of body fat in vivo, and to determine the mechanisms involved. ZAG was purified from human plasma using a combination of Q Sepharose and Superdex 75 chromatography, and was shown to stimulate glycerol release from isolated murine epididymal adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner...
February 27, 2004: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Kamaleldin E Elagib, Frederick K Racke, Michael Mogass, Rina Khetawat, Lorrie L Delehanty, Adam N Goldfarb
Megakaryocytic and erythroid lineages derive from a common bipotential progenitor and share many transcription factors, most prominently factors of the GATA zinc-finger family. Little is known about transcription factors unique to the megakaryocytic lineage that might program divergence from the erythroid pathway. To identify such factors, we used the K562 system in which megakaryocyte lineage commitment is dependent on sustained extracellular regulatory kinase (ERK) activation and is inhibited by stromal cell contact...
June 1, 2003: Blood
G Mazoujian
The immunohistochemical localization of two other proteins that are present in breast gross cystic disease fluid, GCDFP-24 and zinc alpha 2 glycoprotein (Zn2GP), were studied in normal skin and in 41 benign sweat gland tumors. GCDFP-24 was localized to apocrine glands. There was no staining of eccrine glands or ducts. There was positive staining in the following sweat gland tumors: apocrine hidrocystoma (four of five), hidradenoma papilliferum (two of four), syringocystadenoma papilliferum (six of seven), mixed tumor (one of one), and glandular elements of cylindroma (one of four)...
October 1990: American Journal of Dermatopathology
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