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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30317307/a-comparative-survey-for-assessing-rashidabad-city-hospitals-quality-with-district-headquarter-hospital
#1
Ayesha Nazuk, Javid Shabbir, Ashfaque Hasan Khan
Patients are the key stakeholders of any hospital and it is important to satisfy them. The objective of this study was to compare the quality of hospitals within Rashidabad; a town in rural Sindh operated by Rashid Memorial Welfare Organization (RMWO), with District Headquarter hospital Tando Allahyar. A cross sectional survey, based on a questionnaire designed in congruence with literature, regarding the hospital quality was conducted on 150 patients in October 2016. The target population was defined as patients getting treatment at hospitals within Rashidabad; whose estimate was reported by RMWO as 2000 per week...
July 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316597/assessment-of-selenium-bioaccumulation-in-lactic-acid-bacteria
#2
Ana Paula Mörschbächer, Anja Dullius, Carlos Henrique Dullius, Cassiano Ricardo Bandt, Daniel Kuhn, Débora Tairini Brietzke, Fernando José Malmann Kuffel, Henrique Pretto Etgeton, Taciélen Altmayer, Tamara Engelmann Gonçalves, Ytan Andreine Schweizer, Eliézer Quadro Oreste, Anderson Schwingel Ribeiro, Daniel Neutzling Lehn, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Lucélia Hoehne
Selenium is an essential micronutrient for living beings, as it helps to maintain the normal physiological functions of the organism. The numerous discoveries involving the importance of this element to the health of human beings have fostered interest in research to develop enriched and functional foods. The present study evaluated the potential for bacterial strains of Enterococcus faecalis (CH121 and CH124), Lactobacillus parabuchneri (ML4), Lactobacillus paracasei (ML13, ML33, CH135, and CH139), and Lactobacillus plantarum (CH131) to bioaccumulate Se in their biomass by adding different concentrations of sodium selenite (30 to 200 mg/L) to the culture medium...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316232/volunteering-for-health-services-in-the-middle-part-of-ghana-in-whose-interest
#3
Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Kwaku Poku Asante, Kodjo Senah, Martha Ali Abdulai, Stephen Afranie, Emmanuel Mahama, Edward Apraku Anane, Mahama Abukari, Martin Luther Darko, Lawrence G Febir, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: In many developing countries like Ghana, community volunteers assist in the provision of certain health services to rural and hard-to-reach communities. This study examined factors that influence the motivation and retention of community-based volunteers supporting with work on health-related activities at the community level in Ghana. METHODS: Using a sequential mixed-method design, a cross-sectional survey was carried out among 205 selected community-based volunteers in Kintampo North Municipality (KNM) and Kintampo South District (KSD) of Ghana between December, 2014 and February, 2015...
May 5, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315353/the-impact-of-microbes-in-the-orchestration-of-plants-resistance-to-biotic-stress-a-disease-management-approach
#4
REVIEW
Matthew Chekwube Enebe, Olubukola Oluranti Babalola
The struggle for survival is a natural and a continuous process. Microbes are struggling to survive by depending on plants for their nutrition while plants on the other hand are resisting the attack of microbes in order to survive. This interaction is a tug of war and the knowledge of microbe-plant relationship will enable farmers/agriculturists improve crop health, yield, sustain regular food supply, and minimize the use of agrochemicals such as fungicides and pesticides in the fight against plant pathogens...
October 12, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314300/antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-meat-carcasses-and-bovine-milk-in-abattoirs-and-dairy-farms-of-the-eastern-cape-south-africa
#5
Abongile Pekana, Ezekiel Green
Background : Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus ) occasionally threatens the life of the host as a persistent pathogen even though it is normal flora of humans and animals. We characterized drug resistance in S. aureus isolated from animal carcasses and milk samples from the abattoirs and dairy farms in the Eastern Cape Province. Methods : A total of 1000 meat swab samples and 200 raw milk samples were collected from selected abattoirs and dairy farms. S. aureus was isolated and positively identified using biochemical tests and confirmed by molecular methods...
October 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312926/engineered-nanomaterials-for-water-decontamination-and-purification-from-lab-to-products
#6
REVIEW
Shams Tabrez Khan, Abdul Malik
Clean water is vital for life; it is required not only for drinking but also for the preparation of food and proper hygiene. Unfortunately, more than fifty percent of the world population mainly in China and India face a severe scarcity of water. Around 1.8 billion people inevitably drink water from sources having fecal contamination resulting in the death of about a million children every year. Scientists are developing various economic technologies to decontaminate and purify water. Nanomaterials-based technology offers an economic and effective alternative for water purification and decontamination...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30312694/evaluation-of-intracellular-and-extracellular-domoic-acid-content-in-pseudo-nitzchia-multiseries-cell-cultures-under-different-light-regimes
#7
Lia Godinho, Alexandra Silva, Maria Ana Castelo Branco, António Marques, Pedro Reis Costa
Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries is a diatom species associated with the production of domoic acid (DA), a water soluble neurotoxin that is easily transferred up in the food web, causing devastating effects on top marine organisms and humans. Despite studies on Pseudo-nitzschia are relevant to human health safety, partitioning of marine toxins between intracellular and extracellular fractions are poorly documented. This study aimed to determine the growth rates and DA content, both intracellular and extracellular, of Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries cultures at three different light settings (15, 120 and 560 μmol m-2 s-1 )...
October 9, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308910/macrolides-induce-severe-cardiotoxicity-and-developmental-toxicity-in-zebrafish-embryos
#8
Zhaoyang Yan, Xiaoyong Huang, Yangzhouyun Xie, Meirong Song, Kui Zhu, Shuangyang Ding
Macrolide antibiotics (MALs) are widely used for both human and animal health. Most MALs and their metabolites transfer into aquatic organisms and environment resulting in violent consequences. Previous studies show that MALs cause cardiotoxicity in humans and mammals. However, the potential risk of these chemicals in aquatic organisms remains unclear. Here, we used zebrafish embryos as a model to evaluate the toxicity of MALs. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to four typical MALs including azithromycin (AZM), clarithromycin (CLR), tilmicosin (TMS) and tylosin (TYL) to study their cardiotoxicity...
February 1, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305317/structure-of-the-recombinant-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-adhesin-complex-protein-rng-acp-and-generation-of-murine-antibodies-with-bactericidal-activity-against-gonococci
#9
Hannia Liliana Almonacid-Mendoza, María Victoria Humbert, Aiste Dijokaite, David W Cleary, Yiwen Soo, Miao-Chiu Hung, Christian M Orr, Moritz M Machelett, Ivo Tews, Myron Christodoulides
Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcus [Ng]) is the causative organism of the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhoea, and no effective vaccine exists currently. In this study, the structure, biological properties, and vaccine potential of the Ng-adhesin complex protein (Ng-ACP) are presented. The crystal structure of recombinant Ng-ACP (rNg-ACP) protein was solved at 1.65 Å. Diversity and conservation of Ng-ACP were examined in different Neisseria species and gonococcal isolates (https://pubmlst.org/neisseria/ database) in silico , and protein expression among 50 gonococcal strains in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Food and Drug Administration (CDCP/FDA) AR Isolate Bank was examined by Western blotting...
October 10, 2018: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304860/the-various-roles-of-fatty-acids
#10
REVIEW
Carla C C R de Carvalho, Maria José Caramujo
Lipids comprise a large group of chemically heterogeneous compounds. The majority have fatty acids (FA) as part of their structure, fatty acids (FA) making these compounds suitable tools to examine processes raging from cellular to macroscopic levels of organization. Among the multiple roles of FA, they have structural functions as constituents of phospholipids which are the "building blocks" of cell membranes; as part of neutral lipids FA serve as storage materials in cells; and FA derivatives are involved in cell signalling...
October 9, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301185/role-of-milk-derived-antibacterial-peptides-in-modern-food-biotechnology-their-synthesis-applications-and-future-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad Usman Khan, Maryam Pirzadeh, Carola Yvette Förster, Sergey Shityakov, Mohammad Ali Shariati
Milk-derived antibacterial peptides (ABPs) are protein fragments with a positive influence on the functions and conditions of a living organism. Milk-derived ABPs have several useful properties important for human health, comprising a significant antibacterial effect against various pathogens, but contain toxic side-effects. These compounds are mainly produced from milk proteins via fermentation and protein hydrolysis. However, they can also be produced using recombinant DNA techniques or organic synthesis...
October 5, 2018: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298984/practical-advice-for-selecting-or-determining-trophic-magnification-factors-for-application-under-the-european-union-water-framework-directive
#12
Karen A Kidd, Lawrence P Burkhard, Marc Babut, Katrine Borgå, Derek Cg Muir, Olivier Perceval, Heinz Ruedel, Kent Woodburn, Michelle R Embry
European Union Directive 2013/39/EU, which amended and updated the Water Framework Directive (WFD; 2000/60/EC) and its Daughter Directive (2008/105/EC), sets Environmental Quality Standards for biota (EQSbiota ) for a number of bioaccumulative chemicals. These chemicals pose a threat to both aquatic wildlife and human health via the consumption of contaminated prey or the intake of contaminated food originating from the aquatic environment. EU Member States will need to establish programs to monitor the concentration of 11 priority substances in biota, and assess compliance against these new standards for the classification of surface water bodies...
October 9, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298030/dietary-behavior-an-interdisciplinary-conceptual-analysis-and-taxonomy
#13
F Marijn Stok, Britta Renner, Julia Allan, Heiner Boeing, Regina Ensenauer, Sylvie Issanchou, Eva Kiesswetter, Nanna Lien, Mario Mazzocchi, Pablo Monsivais, Marta Stelmach-Mardas, Dorothee Volkert, Stefan Hoffmann
Background: Dietary behavior encompasses many aspects, terms for which are used inconsistently across different disciplines and research traditions. This hampers communication and comparison across disciplines and impedes the development of a cumulative science. We describe the conceptual analysis of the fuzzy umbrella concept "dietary behavior" and present the development of an interdisciplinary taxonomy of dietary behavior. Methods: A four-phase multi-method approach was employed. Input was provided by 76 scholars involved in an international research project focusing on the determinants of dietary behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296966/implications-of-brexit-on-the-effectiveness-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-upon-chd-in-england-a-modelling-study
#14
Paraskevi Seferidi, Anthony A Laverty, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Maria Guzman-Castillo, Brendan Collins, Simon Capewell, Martin O'Flaherty, Christopher Millett
OBJECTIVE: An industry levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) was implemented in the UK in 2018. One year later, Brexit is likely to change the UK trade regime with potential implications for sugar price. We modelled the effect of potential changes in sugar price due to Brexit on SSB levy impacts upon CHD mortality and inequalities. DESIGN: We modelled a baseline SSB levy scenario; an SSB levy under 'soft' Brexit, where the UK establishes a free trading agreement with the EU; and an SSB levy under 'hard' Brexit, in which World Trade Organization tariffs are applied...
October 9, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296823/how-much-free-sugar-do-australians-consume-findings-from-a-national-survey
#15
Adyya Gupta, Lisa G Smithers, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Jane Harford
OBJECTIVE: To identify the characteristics of Australian adults exceeding the World Health Organization's free sugar (FS) intake recommendations of <10% and compare the sources of FS among those exceeding (high FS consumers) and complying (low FS consumers) with the recommendations. METHOD: Nationally weighted data from the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2011-12 was used to describe the proportions of FS consumption and sources of FS among adults aged ≥18 years (n=9,435) across demographic, socioeconomic and health behavioural subgroups...
October 8, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296755/managing-nutrients-to-mitigate-soil-pollution
#16
Tom Bruulsema
The health of soils is key not only to agricultural productivity, but to all the ecosystem services provided in terms of maintaining the quality of water, air, and food. Nutrient inputs to agricultural soils produce large benefits to human health, including the provisioning of calories and protein supporting at least half the human population, enhancing micronutrient bioavailability in food, improving crop quality, and strengthening tolerance to plant disease. With appropriate nutrient stewardship, such inputs contribute to soil health and prevent soil degradation...
September 28, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30296400/lessons-learned-from-implementation-of-the-food-insecurity-screening-and-referral-program-at-kaiser-permanente-colorado
#17
Sandra Hoyt Stenmark, John F Steiner, Sanjana Marpadga, Marydale Debor, Kathleen Underhill, Hilary Seligman
Traditionally, health care systems have addressed gaps in patients' diet quality with programs that provide dietary counseling and education, without addressing food security. However, health care systems increasingly recognize the need to address food security to effectively support population health and the prevention and management of diet-sensitive chronic illnesses. Numerous health care systems have implemented screening programs to identify food insecurity in their patients and to refer them to community food resources to support food security...
October 5, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293194/safety-of-the-fungal-workhorses-of-industrial-biotechnology-update-on-the-mycotoxin-and-secondary-metabolite-potential-of-aspergillus-niger-aspergillus-oryzae-and-trichoderma-reesei
#18
REVIEW
Jens C Frisvad, Lars L H Møller, Thomas O Larsen, Ravi Kumar, José Arnau
This review presents an update on the current knowledge of the secondary metabolite potential of the major fungal species used in industrial biotechnology, i.e., Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus oryzae, and Trichoderma reesei. These species have a long history of safe use for enzyme production. Like most microorganisms that exist in a challenging environment in nature, these fungi can produce a large variety and number of secondary metabolites. Many of these compounds present several properties that make them attractive for different industrial and medical applications...
October 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290354/stable-isotope-analyses-revealed-the-influence-of-foraging-habitat-on-mercury-accumulation-in-tropical-coastal-marine-fish
#19
Gaël Le Croizier, Gauthier Schaal, David Point, François Le Loc'h, Eric Machu, Massal Fall, Jean-Marie Munaron, Aurélien Boyé, Pierre Walter, Raymond Laë, Luis Tito De Morais
Bioaccumulation of toxic metal elements including mercury (Hg) can be highly variable in marine fish species. Metal concentration is influenced by various species-specific physiological and ecological traits, including individual diet composition and foraging habitat. The impact of trophic ecology and habitat preference on Hg accumulation was analyzed through total Hg concentration and stable isotope ratios of carbon (δ13 C) and nitrogen (δ15 N) in the muscle of 132 fish belonging to 23 different species from the Senegalese coast (West Africa), where the marine ecosystem is submitted to nutrient inputs from various sources such as upwelling or rivers...
September 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289438/effect-of-food-predictability-on-lifespan-in-male-mice
#20
Neil E Rowland, Kimberly L Robertson, Dulce Minaya, Vanessa Minervini, Melissa Cervantez, Kathryn A Kaiser, David B Allison
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of unpredictable (U) or predictable (P) food delivery on health and longevity in mice. From 2 months of age until end of life, singly-housed male C57BL/6 mice were fed a semisynthetic diet either ad libitum (AL), or as imposed meals delivered as small pellets at either P or U times, frequencies, or amounts. The total daily food consumed by all groups was the same. The AL group gained body weight faster than either P or U groups, and had ~12% shorter median life span compared with either P or U groups...
October 5, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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