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Journal of family practice

Melissa A Markowitz, Lauren N Wood, Shlomo Raz, Loren G Miller, David A Haake, Ja-Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Acute, uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in clinical practice. Quality improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts to optimize cystitis management rely on clinicians managing patients in a manner recommended by experts and guidelines. However, it is unclear if recent recommendations for cystitis from experts and guidelines from US medical societies that provide recommendations are well aligned. METHODS: We examined recommendations and guidelines for acute, symptomatic cystitis in women published in US medical societies' journals from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2016, within the fields of family medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, and infectious diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Jens Kandt, Paul A Longley
This paper examines the association between given and family names and self-ascribed ethnicity as classified by the 2011 Census of Population for England and Wales. Using Census data in an innovative way under the new Office for National Statistics (ONS) Secure Research Service (SRS; previously the ONS Virtual Microdata Laboratory, VML), we investigate how bearers of a full range of given and family names assigned themselves to 2011 Census categories, using a names classification tool previously described in this journal...
2018: PloS One
Benedict T Griffiths, Neil J Sebire, Joe Brierley
OBJECTIVES: The acceptability of traditional postmortem examination to bereaved families, coupled with a misguided professional view about their limited utility, has led to decrease in this ultimate investigation. Research recurrently demonstrates that postmortem examination provides clinically relevant information despite ever-improving diagnostic techniques. This review examines postmortem examination for children who die in PICU-whether consented or nonconsented (legally mandated)...
August 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Myonghwa Park, Thi-Thanh-Tinh Giap, Mihyun Lee, Hyun Jeong, Miri Jeong, Younghye Go
BACKGROUND: Patient- and family-centered care interventions are increasingly being implemented in various settings for improving the quality of health care. However, the huge amounts of information coming from both primary studies and reviews on patient- and family-centered care interventions have made it difficult to identify and use the available evidence effectively. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to synthesize and evaluate the evidence from published systematic reviews on the effects of patient- and family-centered care interventions...
July 26, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Adam C Jones, Natalie C Johnson, Sydney Wenglein, Sara T Elshershaby
The ability to conceptualize and treat sexual problems has been widely accepted as a crucial skill to master the MFT training. However, clients' sexual relationships are often ignored by clinicians because of a lack of experience or training, or personal discomfort. In this content analysis, we review sex and sex therapy research within MFT and family studies journals since the turn of the century. Of the 13,919 articles published within the 15 journals, 137 focused on sexuality or sex therapy. The articles were divided into five themes: sexual and relational health, sexual diversity, treatment and contributors of sexual dysfunction, sex therapy practices, and sexual education and development...
July 15, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Rahel Meier, Leander Muheim, Oliver Senn, Thomas Rosemann, Corinne Chmiel
INTRODUCTION: There is only limited and conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of Pay-for-Performance (P4P) programmes, although they might have the potential to improve guideline adherence and quality of care. We therefore aim to test a P4P intervention in Swiss primary care practices focusing on quality indicators (QI) achievement in the treatment of patients with diabetes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a cluster-randomised, two-armed intervention study with the primary care practice as unit of randomisation...
June 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Petra Braaksma, Ilse Stuive, Hinke Boomsma, Corry K van der Sluis, Marina M Schoemaker, Rienk Dekker
INTRODUCTION: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are less physically active than their typically developing peers. No substantiated interventions are available to address this issue. Therefore, this study aims to describe the design and rationale of (1) a family-focused intervention to increase motivation for physical activity (PA) and, indirectly, lifestyle PA in children aged 7-12 years with DCD and (2) the methods to examine its preliminary effectiveness and feasibility...
June 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Aaron Hogue, Craig E Henderson, Sara J Becker, Danica K Knight
This article updates the evidence base on outpatient behavioral treatments for adolescent substance use (ASU) since publication of the previous review completed for this journal by Hogue, Henderson, Ozechowski, and Robbins (2014). It first summarizes the Hogue et al. findings along with those from recent literature reviews and meta-analytic studies of ASU treatments. It then presents study design and methods criteria used to select 11 comparative studies subjected to Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology level of support evaluation...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Heather E Canary, Yvonne K Clark, Avery Holton
Expanded carrier screening (ECS) is a genetic test that is designed to assess the risk of a healthy person passing down a genetic disorder, such as spinal muscular atrophy, to future children. ECS screens for up to several hundred disorders in one test, expanding on traditional carrier screening tests that target one or a few genetic disorders. However, little is known about how this health technology is being presented to the public in media coverage. Accordingly, this study is a qualitative content analysis of online news and information of ECS over a 6-year period, beginning in 2010 when the technology was publicly available...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Camilla Lauritzen, Anne Berit Kolmannskog, Anette Christine Iversen
Background: Previous research has shown a link between parental mental illness and adverse development in their offspring. In Norway, it is mandatory for health professionals to identify if patients in adult mental health services have children, and subsequently to provide support for the children. An important tool to detect if families are affected by parental mental illness and to assess if there is a need for further intervention is the Family Assessment Conversation. Family Assessment Conversations is potentially a powerful tool for communication with families affected by parental mental illness because it facilitates early identification of children at risk of various adversities due to the family situation...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Loreena Hill, Sonja McIlfatrick, Brian J Taylor, Tiny Jaarsma, Debra Moser, Paul Slater, Toni McAloon, Lana Dixon, Patrick Donnelly, Anna Stromberg, Donna Fitzsimons
BACKGROUND: Rate of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantations is increasing in patients with advanced heart failure. Despite clear guideline recommendations, discussions addressing deactivation occur infrequently. AIM: The aim of this article is to explore patient and professional factors that impact perceived likelihood and confidence of healthcare professionals to discuss ICD deactivation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 2015 and 2016, an international sample of 262 healthcare professionals (65% nursing, 24% medical) completed an online factorial survey, encompassing a demographic questionnaire and clinical vignettes...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Stephen T Fife, Carissa D'Aniello, Sarah Scott, Erin Sullivan
With the increased empirical and theoretical support for common factors in the psychotherapy literature, marriage and family therapy (MFT) scholars have begun discussing the inclusion of common factors in MFT training. However, there is very little empirical research on common factors training or how to include common factors in MFT curricula. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate MFT students' experience with common factors training. Seventeen master's degree students who received training in common factors participated in the study...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Christiana Okyere, Heather Michelle Aldersey, Rosemary Lysaght, Surajo Kamilu Sulaiman
PURPOSE: To advance understanding of practices that support inclusion of children with intellectual and developmental disabilities in inclusive education classrooms in Africa by conducting a review of the extant literature. METHODS: Five academic databases were searched supplemented by a hand search of key journals and references of included studies. Two authors independently screened studies via a reference manager (Covidence) which allowed for blinding. A third author was consulted in cases of conflict...
April 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Courtenay Frazier Norbury
The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry is committed to publishing implementational research, or turning therapeutic research discoveries into practical benefit for human health and well-being. This editorial showcases three such papers in this issue from diverse fields in developmental science. The papers highlight the challenges of implementing intervention under real-world constraints, and highlight key issues that clinicians and researchers will need to address in future work. Despite these challenges, each approach shows promise and innovation in delivering high-quality interventions to vulnerable children and families...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Darren R Christensen, Chad S G Witcher, Trent Leighton, Rebecca Hudson-Breen, Samuel Ofori-Dei
INTRODUCTION: Problematic gambling is a significant Canadian public health concern that causes harm to the gambler, their families, and society. However, a significant minority of gambling treatment seekers drop out prior to the issue being resolved; those with higher impulsivity scores have the highest drop-out rates. Consequently, retention is a major concern for treatment providers. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and internet-delivered CBT and contingency management (CM+) as treatments for gambling disorder in rural Albertan populations...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Angela Hassiotis, Michaela Poppe, Andre Strydom, Victoria Vickerstaff, Ian Hall, Jason Crabtree, Rumana Omar, Michael King, Rachael Hunter, Alessandro Bosco, Asit Biswas, Victoria Ratti, Jessica Blickwedel, Vivien Cooper, William Howie, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have indicated that training staff in Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) may help to reduce challenging behaviour among people with intellectual disability (ID). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether or not such training is clinically effective in reducing challenging behaviour in routine care. The study also included longer-term follow-up (approximately 36 months). DESIGN: A multicentre, single-blind, two-arm, parallel-cluster randomised controlled trial...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
John-Joe Dawson-Squibb, Eugene Lee Davids, Petrus J de Vries
EarlyBird and EarlyBird Plus are parent education and training programmes designed by the UK National Autistic Society in 1997 and 2003, having been delivered to more than 27,000 families in 14 countries. These group-based programmes aim to (1) support parents immediately after diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, (2) empower parents, encouraging a positive perception of their child's autism spectrum disorder and (3) help parents establish good practice. In the absence of any previous comprehensive review, we performed a scoping review of all peer-reviewed publications on EarlyBird/EarlyBird Plus...
March 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Marciana Fernandes Moll, Fabiana Cristina Pires, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Nathália Nunes Boff, Núbia Ferreira da Silva
The current study aimed to investigate the perceptions and expectations of family members/caregivers regarding nursing care provided to psychiatric inpatients in a general hospital. The study was a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach. Data were collected through open interviews with 10 relatives of patients hospitalized in the psychiatric unit and analyzed using content analysis. Participants reported that nursing care was good and emphasized a good relationship between the patient and nursing staff marked by professionalism, care, and dedication...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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