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Journal of family practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30530586/creation-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-guideline-for-neonatal-intestinal-surgery-patients-a-knowledge-synthesis-and-consensus-generation-approach-and-protocol-study
#1
Ashleigh C N Gibb, Megan A Crosby, Caraline McDiarmid, Denisa Urban, Jennifer Y K Lam, Paul W Wales, Megan Brockel, Mehul Raval, Martin Offringa, Erik D Skarsgard, Tomas Wester, Kenneth Wong, David de Beer, Gregg Nelson, Mary E Brindle
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines integrate evidence-based practices into multimodal care pathways designed to optimise patient recovery following surgery. The objective of this project is to create an ERAS protocol for neonatal abdominal surgery. The protocol will identify and attempt to bridge the gaps between current practices and best evidence. Our study is the first paediatric ERAS protocol endorsed by the International ERAS Society. METHODS: A research team consisting of international clinical and family stakeholders as well as methodological experts have iteratively defined the scope of the protocol in addition to individual topic areas...
December 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513254/anticipatory-prescribing-of-injectable-medications-for-adults-at-the-end-of-life-in-the-community-a-systematic-literature-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#2
Ben Bowers, Richella Ryan, Isla Kuhn, Stephen Barclay
BACKGROUND: The anticipatory prescribing of injectable medications to provide end-of-life symptom relief is an established community practice in a number of countries. The evidence base to support this practice is unclear. AIM: To review the published evidence concerning anticipatory prescribing of injectable medications for adults at the end of life in the community. DESIGN: Systematic review and narrative synthesis. Registered in PROSPERO: CRD42016052108, on 15 December 2016 ( https://www...
December 4, 2018: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30424921/end-of-life-care-for-patients-with-glioma
#3
REVIEW
Norissa Honea
OBJECTIVE: To describe best practices and guidelines in symptom management at the end of life for adults with malignant glioma. DATA SOURCES: Journal articles, evidence-based reviews, textbooks, and clinical guidelines. CONCLUSION: Symptom management is an essential element of end-of-life care that aims to preserve dignity and quality of life for patients with glioma and their family caregivers. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Advance care planning using a holistic approach to the patient's symptoms experience and goals of care are necessary to develop, implement, and evaluate outcomes of an evidence-based plan of care tailored for each patient and family...
November 10, 2018: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30399098/a-colposcopy-trainer-to-simulate-visualization-and-biopsy-of-the-cervix
#4
Heidi M Felix, Amy Lannen
BACKGROUND: Colposcopy is a common office procedure providing a magnified view of the cervix for the evaluation of an abnormal cytology result. Traditionally the procedure has been replicated in simulation training by using a sausage or hotdog to represent the cervix and allow for target biopsy. This is neither reusable nor sustainable. METHOD: We developed a cervix model comprised of food coloring and ballistics gel. After cooling, the surface was dotted with gel that can be activated by a black light to mimic acetowhite changes...
November 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30376586/the-inner-working-of-trauma-a-qualitative-assessment-of-experiences-of-trauma-intergenerational-family-dynamics-and-psychological-well-being-in-women-with-hiv-in-south-carolina
#5
LaDrea Ingram, Shan Qaio, Xiaoming Li, Morgan Deal
Women with HIV are more likely to have a history of traumatic and stressful life experiences. The current study examines experiences of traumatic and stressful life events, issues co-occurring with experiences of trauma, and intergenerational family dynamics regarding trauma and psychological well-being in women with HIV. The study was guided by the theoretical approach of an integrative translational model that incorporates trauma-related factors into a psychosocial framework. Data were collected from interviews with 20 women with HIV and analyzed for thematic categories...
October 26, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362939/adding-emollient-bath-additives-to-standard-eczema-management-for-children-with-eczema-the-bathe-rct
#6
Miriam Santer, Kate Rumsby, Matthew J Ridd, Nick A Francis, Beth Stuart, Maria Chorozoglou, Amanda Roberts, Lyn Liddiard, Claire Nollett, Julie Hooper, Martina Prude, Wendy Wood, Emma Thomas-Jones, Taeko Becque, Kim S Thomas, Hywel C Williams, Paul Little
BACKGROUND: Childhood eczema is very common. Treatment often includes emollient bath additives, despite there being little evidence of their effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of emollient bath additives in the management of childhood eczema. DESIGN: Pragmatic, randomised, open-label, multicentre superiority trial with two parallel groups. SETTING: Ninety-six general practices in Wales, the west of England and southern England...
October 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287670/research-protocol-for-the-exploration-of-experiences-of-aboriginal-australian-mothers-and-healthcare-professionals-when-using-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-a-process-oriented-validation-study-using-triangulated-participatory-mixed-methods
#7
Ai Wen Chan, Petra Skeffington, Corinne Reid, Rhonda Marriott
INTRODUCTION: Adopting a process-oriented framework for test validation can help to establish whether this tool has the potential to be an acceptable, valid and reliable indicator of depression for mothers and mothers-to-be. This mixed-methods research protocol seeks to explore the views and experiences of Aboriginal mothers and healthcare professionals in relation to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and is intended to highlight potential barriers in perinatal mental health conceptualisation, engagement and response style...
October 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273526/parent-engagement-in-the-transition-from-school-to-adult-life-through-culturally-sustaining-practices-a-scoping-review
#8
Courtney L Wilt, Mary E Morningstar
The increasingly diverse population in the United States calls for schools to address the breadth of cultural histories students bring with them to the classroom. High school students with disabilities are also diverse in terms of cultural histories, race, ethnicities, religions, and citizenship. These factors intersect as families engage in planning for the transition to adulthood. A requisite for culturally diverse families with young adults who receive services under the educational category of intellectual disability (ID) are school professionals who can meaningfully collaborate...
October 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261888/narrating-the-journey-of-sustained-recovery-from-substance-use-disorder
#9
Mandy Stokes, Peter Schultz, Assim Alpaslan
BACKGROUND: The reported high rate of relapse in the context of an ever-increasing rate of substance abuse internationally and in South Africa together with the fact that the topic of sustained recovery from Substance Use Disorder (SUD) appears to be totally neglected in extant literature and research agendas motivated the researchers to conduct this investigation. The aim was to obtain an in-depth understanding of how individuals recovering from a SUD experience and sustain their recovery in order to fill the gap in the knowledge base...
September 27, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257907/an-update-on-the-novel-genera-and-species-and-revised-taxonomic-status-of-bacterial-organisms-described-in-2016-and-2017
#10
Erik Munson, Karen C Carroll
Recognition and acknowledgment of novel bacterial taxonomy and nomenclature revisions can impact clinical practice, disease epidemiology, and routine clinical microbiology laboratory operations. The Journal of Clinical Microbiology ( JCM ) herein presents its biannual report summarizing such changes published in the years 2016 and 2017, as published and added by the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology Noteworthy discussion centers around descriptions of novel Corynebacteriaceae and an anaerobic mycolic-acid-producing bacterium in the suborder Corynebacterineae ; revisions within the Propionibacterium, Clostridium, Borrelia , and Enterobacter genera; and, a major reorganization of the family Enterobacteriaceae JCM intends to sustain this series of reports as advancements in molecular genetics, whole genome sequencing, and studies of the human microbiome will continue to produce novel taxa and clearer understandings of bacterial relatedness...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245817/knowledge-mapping-of-medication-literacy-study-a-visualized-analysis-using-citespace
#11
Chaocong Liang, Aijing Luo, Zhuqing Zhong
Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze knowledge mapping and demonstrate the status quo, intellectual base, and hotspots in the field of medication literacy. Methods: Using the data from Web of Science Core database, we constructed a knowledge map to visualize medication literacy using CiteSpace, which revealed the power of the studies, core authors and journals, intellectual base, and hotspots in this field. Results: According to an analysis of 2025 literature reports, the stronger studies were mainly conducted at research institutions of higher education in the United States...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238870/restricted-fluid-bolus-versus-current-practice-in-children-with-septic-shock-the-fish-feasibility-study-and-pilot-rct
#12
David Inwald, Ruth R Canter, Kerry Woolfall, Caitlin B O'Hara, Paul R Mouncey, Zohra Zenasni, Nicholas Hudson, Steven Saunders, Anjali Carter, Nicola Jones, Mark D Lyttle, Simon Nadel, Mark J Peters, David A Harrison, Kathryn M Rowan
BACKGROUND: There has been no randomised controlled trial (RCT) of fluid bolus therapy in paediatric sepsis in the developed world despite evidence that excess fluid may be associated with harm. OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of the Fluids in Shock (FiSh) trial - a RCT comparing restricted fluid bolus (10 ml/kg) with current practice (20 ml/kg) in children with septic shock in the UK. DESIGN: (1) Qualitative feasibility study exploring parents' views about the pilot RCT...
September 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30234426/use-of-an-electronic-journal-club-to-increase-access-to-and-acceptance-of-palliative-care-literature-across-general-pediatricians-and-pediatric-subspecialties
#13
Meaghann S Weaver, Colleen Pawliuk, Christopher Wichman
CONTEXT: Implementation of pediatric palliative care as a primary practice relevant for all pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists requires a grounding, shared knowledge. This study reports on the innovative application of a monthly Palliative Care E-Journal Club (Pal Care Club) to foster shared palliative care knowledge hospital wide. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a monthly electronic journal club to increase the number of palliative care-relevant articles read and discussed and to enhance provider comfort with the integration and introduction of palliative care...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30231217/black-nurse-white-milk-breastfeeding-slavery-and-abolition-in-19th-century-brazil
#14
Cassia Roth
Brazil imported more enslaved Africans than any other slave-owning society in the Americas, and it was the last country in the western hemisphere to abolish the institution. Whereas many enslaved persons toiled on plantations and in mines, urban slavery was also prominent, with enslaved men carrying coffee through the streets and enslaved women washing clothes. One gendered aspect of urban slavery in 19th-century Brazil included slave owners renting out enslaved women as wet nurses to breastfeed the children of elite families...
November 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217222/influencing-medical-student-choice-of-primary-care-worldwide-international-application-of-the-four-pillars-for-primary-care-physician-workforce
#15
COMMENT
Amanda Weidner, Ardis Davis
Primary care is a crucial part of a functional health care system, though in many parts of the world there are current or projected gaps in the primary care physician workforce. The academic family medicine organizations in the United States (US) developed the "Four Pillars for Primary Care Physician Workforce," a model built on decades of research, highlighting four main areas of emphasis for increasing primary care physician output: 1) pipeline; 2) process of medical education; 3) practice transformation; and 4) payment reform...
September 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216754/integrating-spiritual-care-into-nursing-education-and-practice-strategies-utilizing-open-journey-theory
#16
EDITORIAL
Pamela H Cone, Tove Giske
Throughout nursing, spirituality is a recognized domain of patient care, but nurses feel ill prepared by their nursing education to provide care that is spiritual in nature to patients and their families. Incorporating spiritual care into nursing curricula is challenging in light of the amount of topics for healthcare learning. Open Journey Theory is based on the merging of two grounded theories, one teaching and one learning theory, and is the suggested framework for integrating spirituality and spiritual care across all levels of nursing education...
August 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198740/journal-editing-reflections-on-6-years-of-collaborative-practice
#17
Colleen T Fogarty, Larry Mauksch
In this editorial, the authors reflect on their 6 years of serving as coeditors of Families, Systems, and Health . The uncertain and delightful product of these 6 years is that their relationship transcended personal and professional boundaries to evolve into a rich collaborative experience. Leaving this role prompts them to reflect on their work, their field, on challenges they faced, and on recurring themes. They want to share some of these reflections with journal readers in the hope that some of this will benefit readers in their work...
September 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173162/convergent-parallel-mixed-methods-study-to-understand-information-exchange-in-paediatric-critical-care-and-inform-the-development-of-safety-enhancing-interventions-a-protocol-study
#18
Jessica Tomasi, Carly Warren, Lauren Kolodzey, Sonia Pinkney, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Roxanne Kirsch, Jackie Hubbert, Christina Sperling, Patricia Sutton, Peter Laussen, Patricia Trbovich
INTRODUCTION: The effective exchange of clinical information is essential to high-quality patient care, especially in the critical care unit (CCU) where communication failures can have profoundly negative impacts on critically ill patients with limited physiological capacity to tolerate errors. A comprehensive systematic characterisation of information exchange within a CCU is needed to inform the development and implementation of effective, contextually appropriate interventions. The objective of this study is to characterise when, where and how healthcare providers exchange clinical information in the Department of Critical Care Medicine at The Hospital for Sick Children and explore the factors that currently facilitate or counter established best rounding practices therein...
September 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172991/a-critical-review-of-human-milk-sharing-using-an-intersectional-feminist-framework-implications-for-practice
#19
REVIEW
Martha Jane Paynter, Lisa Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: Driven by a growing body of research demonstrating the health benefits of human milk over substitute feeding preparations, the demand for human milk donations in North America is rapidly increasing. In the context of an increasingly institutionalized and commercialized human milk market, informal peer-to-peer milk sharing networks are commonplace. Race, class, gender and sexual orientation are intersecting aspects of identity and power that influence participation in breastfeeding and the domain of milk exchange...
November 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152706/global-sex-selection-techniques-for-family-planning-a-narrative-review
#20
Pragya Rai, Abhijit Ganguli, Sarala Balachandran, Rakesh Gupta, Sutapa B Neogi
OBJECTIVE: To document the varying methods of sex selection, both primitive (traditional) as well as advanced forms available around the world. CONTEXT: With the increasing desire of couples to choose the gender of their offspring, scientific sex-selection methods and techniques have evolved over time; unfortunately, the medical and social consequences have remained poorly emphasised. METHODS: We searched electronic search engines and grey literature that included research articles from journals, books, websites and news articles in English until August 2016...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
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