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Journal of family practice

Ai Wen Chan, Petra Skeffington, Corinne Reid, Rhonda Marriott
INTRODUCTION: Adopting a process-oriented framework for test validation can help to establish whether this tool has the potential to be an acceptable, valid and reliable indicator of depression for mothers and mothers-to-be. This mixed-methods research protocol seeks to explore the views and experiences of Aboriginal mothers and healthcare professionals in relation to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and is intended to highlight potential barriers in perinatal mental health conceptualisation, engagement and response style...
October 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Courtney L Wilt, Mary E Morningstar
The increasingly diverse population in the United States calls for schools to address the breadth of cultural histories students bring with them to the classroom. High school students with disabilities are also diverse in terms of cultural histories, race, ethnicities, religions, and citizenship. These factors intersect as families engage in planning for the transition to adulthood. A requisite for culturally diverse families with young adults who receive services under the educational category of intellectual disability (ID) are school professionals who can meaningfully collaborate...
October 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
Mandy Stokes, Peter Schultz, Assim Alpaslan
BACKGROUND: The reported high rate of relapse in the context of an ever-increasing rate of substance abuse internationally and in South Africa together with the fact that the topic of sustained recovery from Substance Use Disorder (SUD) appears to be totally neglected in extant literature and research agendas motivated the researchers to conduct this investigation. The aim was to obtain an in-depth understanding of how individuals recovering from a SUD experience and sustain their recovery in order to fill the gap in the knowledge base...
September 27, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
Erik Munson, Karen C Carroll
Recognition and acknowledgment of novel bacterial taxonomy and nomenclature revisions can impact clinical practice, disease epidemiology, and routine clinical microbiology laboratory operations. The Journal of Clinical Microbiology ( JCM ) herein presents its biannual report summarizing such changes published in the years 2016 and 2017, as published and added by the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology Noteworthy discussion centers around descriptions of novel Corynebacteriaceae and an anaerobic mycolic-acid-producing bacterium in the suborder Corynebacterineae ; revisions within the Propionibacterium, Clostridium, Borrelia , and Enterobacter genera; and, a major reorganization of the family Enterobacteriaceae JCM intends to sustain this series of reports as advancements in molecular genetics, whole genome sequencing, and studies of the human microbiome will continue to produce novel taxa and clearer understandings of bacterial relatedness...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Chaocong Liang, Aijing Luo, Zhuqing Zhong
Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze knowledge mapping and demonstrate the status quo, intellectual base, and hotspots in the field of medication literacy. Methods: Using the data from Web of Science Core database, we constructed a knowledge map to visualize medication literacy using CiteSpace, which revealed the power of the studies, core authors and journals, intellectual base, and hotspots in this field. Results: According to an analysis of 2025 literature reports, the stronger studies were mainly conducted at research institutions of higher education in the United States...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
David Inwald, Ruth R Canter, Kerry Woolfall, Caitlin B O'Hara, Paul R Mouncey, Zohra Zenasni, Nicholas Hudson, Steven Saunders, Anjali Carter, Nicola Jones, Mark D Lyttle, Simon Nadel, Mark J Peters, David A Harrison, Kathryn M Rowan
BACKGROUND: There has been no randomised controlled trial (RCT) of fluid bolus therapy in paediatric sepsis in the developed world despite evidence that excess fluid may be associated with harm. OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of the Fluids in Shock (FiSh) trial - a RCT comparing restricted fluid bolus (10 ml/kg) with current practice (20 ml/kg) in children with septic shock in the UK. DESIGN: (1) Qualitative feasibility study exploring parents' views about the pilot RCT...
September 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Meaghann S Weaver, Colleen Pawliuk, Christopher Wichman
CONTEXT: Implementation of pediatric palliative care as a primary practice relevant for all pediatricians and pediatric subspecialists requires a grounding, shared knowledge. This study reports on the innovative application of a monthly Palliative Care E-Journal Club (Pal Care Club) to foster shared palliative care knowledge hospital wide. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a monthly electronic journal club to increase the number of palliative care-relevant articles read and discussed and to enhance provider comfort with the integration and introduction of palliative care...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Cassia Roth
Brazil imported more enslaved Africans than any other slave-owning society in the Americas, and it was the last country in the western hemisphere to abolish the institution. Whereas many enslaved persons toiled on plantations and in mines, urban slavery was also prominent, with enslaved men carrying coffee through the streets and enslaved women washing clothes. One gendered aspect of urban slavery in 19th-century Brazil included slave owners renting out enslaved women as wet nurses to breastfeed the children of elite families...
November 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
Amanda Weidner, Ardis Davis
Primary care is a crucial part of a functional health care system, though in many parts of the world there are current or projected gaps in the primary care physician workforce. The academic family medicine organizations in the United States (US) developed the "Four Pillars for Primary Care Physician Workforce," a model built on decades of research, highlighting four main areas of emphasis for increasing primary care physician output: 1) pipeline; 2) process of medical education; 3) practice transformation; and 4) payment reform...
September 14, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Pamela H Cone, Tove Giske
Throughout nursing, spirituality is a recognized domain of patient care, but nurses feel ill prepared by their nursing education to provide care that is spiritual in nature to patients and their families. Incorporating spiritual care into nursing curricula is challenging in light of the amount of topics for healthcare learning. Open Journey Theory is based on the merging of two grounded theories, one teaching and one learning theory, and is the suggested framework for integrating spirituality and spiritual care across all levels of nursing education...
August 24, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Colleen T Fogarty, Larry Mauksch
In this editorial, the authors reflect on their 6 years of serving as coeditors of Families, Systems, and Health . The uncertain and delightful product of these 6 years is that their relationship transcended personal and professional boundaries to evolve into a rich collaborative experience. Leaving this role prompts them to reflect on their work, their field, on challenges they faced, and on recurring themes. They want to share some of these reflections with journal readers in the hope that some of this will benefit readers in their work...
September 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Jessica Tomasi, Carly Warren, Lauren Kolodzey, Sonia Pinkney, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Roxanne Kirsch, Jackie Hubbert, Christina Sperling, Patricia Sutton, Peter Laussen, Patricia Trbovich
INTRODUCTION: The effective exchange of clinical information is essential to high-quality patient care, especially in the critical care unit (CCU) where communication failures can have profoundly negative impacts on critically ill patients with limited physiological capacity to tolerate errors. A comprehensive systematic characterisation of information exchange within a CCU is needed to inform the development and implementation of effective, contextually appropriate interventions. The objective of this study is to characterise when, where and how healthcare providers exchange clinical information in the Department of Critical Care Medicine at The Hospital for Sick Children and explore the factors that currently facilitate or counter established best rounding practices therein...
September 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Martha Jane Paynter, Lisa Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: Driven by a growing body of research demonstrating the health benefits of human milk over substitute feeding preparations, the demand for human milk donations in North America is rapidly increasing. In the context of an increasingly institutionalized and commercialized human milk market, informal peer-to-peer milk sharing networks are commonplace. Race, class, gender and sexual orientation are intersecting aspects of identity and power that influence participation in breastfeeding and the domain of milk exchange...
August 22, 2018: Midwifery
Pragya Rai, Abhijit Ganguli, Sarala Balachandran, Rakesh Gupta, Sutapa B Neogi
OBJECTIVE: To document the varying methods of sex selection, both primitive (traditional) as well as advanced forms available around the world. CONTEXT: With the increasing desire of couples to choose the gender of their offspring, scientific sex-selection methods and techniques have evolved over time; unfortunately, the medical and social consequences have remained poorly emphasised. METHODS: We searched electronic search engines and grey literature that included research articles from journals, books, websites and news articles in English until August 2016...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Thomas Laws
An increasing number of fathers want to be involved in providing healthcare for their child. Nurses endeavouring to include fathers in care are hindered by a lack of evidence-based guidelines outlining how best to engage with, educate and upskill this parent. Fathers remain a relatively understudied parent and there are insufficient data to validate guidelines. A scoping review sought to locate, describe and summarise evidence of fathers performing healthcare for their child experiencing an acute, chronic or long-term condition; identify the type of support fathers received when acquiring healthcare skills; and determine gaps in research knowledge relevant to nursing practice in the context of family-centred care...
September 10, 2018: Nursing Children and Young People
Manuel L de la Mata, Andrés Santamaría, Eva Mª Trigo, Mercedes Cubero, Samuel Arias-Sánchez, Radka Antalíková, Tia G B Hansen, Marcia L Ruiz
Cross-cultural differences in autobiographical memory (AM) are associated with cultural variations. In models of the self and parental reminiscing style, but not many studies have analysed the relationship between AM and specific cultural practices such as formal schooling. Theoreticians like [Greenfield, P. M. (2009). Linking social change and developmental change: Shifting. pathways of human development. Developmental Psychology, 45, 401-418. doi: 10.1037/a0014726 ; Kağitçibaşi, C. (2005). Autonomy and relatedness in cultural context...
August 28, 2018: Memory
Charles N Catton, Himu Lukka, Jarad Martin
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Kathleen M Regan, Carol Curtin, Lee Vorderer
TOPIC: This article describes the components of child- and family-centered care, including a review of the literature about the delivery of family-centered care and the barriers that often prevent the provision of such care. The article describes an inpatient child psychiatric unit that has implemented an approach to care that embraces these principles. The changes in structures and policies that the unit adopted are described, with specific examples cited as illustrations of the components of this care...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Melissa A Markowitz, Lauren N Wood, Shlomo Raz, Loren G Miller, David A Haake, Ja-Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Acute, uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in clinical practice. Quality improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts to optimize cystitis management rely on clinicians managing patients in a manner recommended by experts and guidelines. However, it is unclear if recent recommendations for cystitis from experts and guidelines from US medical societies that provide recommendations are well aligned. METHODS: We examined recommendations and guidelines for acute, symptomatic cystitis in women published in US medical societies' journals from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2016, within the fields of family medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, and infectious diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Jens Kandt, Paul A Longley
This paper examines the association between given and family names and self-ascribed ethnicity as classified by the 2011 Census of Population for England and Wales. Using Census data in an innovative way under the new Office for National Statistics (ONS) Secure Research Service (SRS; previously the ONS Virtual Microdata Laboratory, VML), we investigate how bearers of a full range of given and family names assigned themselves to 2011 Census categories, using a names classification tool previously described in this journal...
2018: PloS One
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