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"smoking cessation"

Jeffrey S Stein, Bryan W Heckman, Derek A Pope, Elan S Perry, Geoffrey T Fong, K Michael Cummings, Warren K Bickel
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smokers show greater delay discounting (devaluation of delayed consequences) than non-smokers, suggesting that rapid devaluation of the future contributes to tobacco use through a mechanism in which tobacco-related health consequences are too delayed to discourage smoking. However, little work has quantified delay discounting in relation to electronic cigarette (EC) use, a tobacco product that many users believe to pose fewer negative health consequences than cigarettes...
August 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Andrea R G Sheel, Ryan D Baron, Ioannis Sarantitis, Jayapal Ramesh, Paula Ghaneh, Michael G T Raraty, Vincent Yip, Robert Sutton, Michael R Goulden, Fiona Campbell, Ammad Farooq, Priya Healey, Richard Jackson, Christopher M Halloran, John P Neoptolemos
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data are lacking to support consensus criteria for diagnosing early chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: Retrospective single centre study of the initial evidence for chronic pancreatitis (CP), with reassessment after follow-up (January 2003-November 2016). RESULTS: 807 patients were previously diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis. This diagnosis was rejected in 118 patients: 52 had another pathology altogether, the remaining 66 patients formed the study population...
August 7, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
J Okely, C Mason, A Collier, N Dunnachie, V Swanson
AIMS: Research regarding the determinants of concordance with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treatment is limited. Here, we test whether the psychosocial changes outlined in the teachable moments model, as proposed by McBride et al. (McBride CM, Emmons KM, Lipkus IM. Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation. Health Educ Res 2003; 18: 156-170) are associated with following GDM treatment recommendations. METHODS: Fifty-nine women completed a baseline questionnaire (1 week after GDM diagnosis) in which they reported risk perception, social support, emotional response, the importance of their maternal identity and self-efficacy...
August 17, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Yujiao Mai, Julia N Soulakova
The study investigated the over-time changes and racial/ethnic disparities in the quality of health care services for cigarette smoking cessation in the U.S. from 2007 to 2015. The primary measures included receiving a doctor's advice to quit smoking in the year before smoking cessation and using behavioral interventions for smoking cessation (telephone helplines and web-based interventions) while trying to quit smoking. The study was conducted from January to July 2018. We used merged data from the 2010-11 and 2014-15 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Margaret B Nolan, Matthew A Warner, Megan A Jacobs, Michael S Amato, Amanda L Graham, David O Warner
Although surgical patients who smoke could benefit from perioperative abstinence, few currently receive support. This pilot study determined the feasibility and acceptability of a perioperative text messaging smoking cessation program. One hundred patients (73% of eligible patients approached) enrolled in a surgery-specific messaging service, receiving 1-3 daily messages about smoking and surgical recovery for 30 days. Only 17 patients unenrolled, the majority responded to prompting messages, and satisfaction with the program was high...
August 14, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ahmad M Al-Bashaireh, Linda G Haddad, Michael Weaver, Debra Lynch Kelly, Xing Chengguo, Saunjoo Yoon
This systematic review explored associations between smoking and health outcomes involving the musculoskeletal system. AMSTAR criteria were followed. A comprehensive search of PubMed, Web of Science, and Science Direct returned 243 articles meeting inclusion criteria. A majority of studies found smoking has negative effects on the musculoskeletal system. In research on bones, smoking was associated with lower BMD, increased fracture risk, periodontitis, alveolar bone loss, and dental implant failure. In research on joints, smoking was associated with increased joint disease activity, poor functional outcomes, and poor therapeutic response...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Titus Josef Brinker, Christian Martin Brieske, Stefan Esser, Joachim Klode, Ute Mons, Anil Batra, Tobias Rüther, Werner Seeger, Alexander H Enk, Christof von Kalle, Carola Berking, Markus V Heppt, Martina V Gatzka, Breno Bernardes-Souza, Richard F Schlenk, Dirk Schadendorf
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of addressing tobacco use in health care settings. However, few smokers receive cessation advice when visiting a hospital. Implementing smoking cessation technology in outpatient waiting rooms could be an effective strategy for change, with the potential to expose almost all patients visiting a health care provider without preluding physician action needed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop an intervention for smoking cessation that would make use of the time patients spend in a waiting room by passively exposing them to a face-aging, public morphing, tablet-based app, to pilot the intervention in a waiting room of an HIV outpatient clinic, and to measure the perceptions of this intervention among smoking and nonsmoking HIV patients...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Michael W Otto, Gladys N Pachas, Corinne Cather, Susanne S Hoeppner, Samantha J Moshier, Bridget A Hearon, Heather Burrell Ward, Alexandra B Laffer, Jasper A J Smits, A Eden Evins
Recent studies underscore the importance of studying d-cycloserine (DCS) augmentation under conditions of adequate cue exposure treatment (CET) and protection from reconditioning experiences. In this randomized trial, we evaluated the efficacy of DCS for augmenting CET for smoking cessation under these conditions. Sixty-two smokers attained at least 18 hours abstinence following 4 weeks of smoking cessation treatment and were randomly assigned to receive a single dose of DCS (n=30) or placebo (n=32) prior to each of two sessions of CET...
August 16, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Steven A Schroeder
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 379, Issue 7, Page 684-685, August 2018.
August 16, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Yang Hu, Geng Zong, Gang Liu, Molin Wang, Bernard Rosner, An Pan, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Whether weight gain after smoking cessation attenuates the health benefits of quitting is unclear. METHODS: In three cohort studies involving men and women in the United States, we identified those who had reported quitting smoking and we prospectively assessed changes in smoking status and body weight. We estimated risks of type 2 diabetes, death from cardiovascular disease, and death from any cause among those who had reported quitting smoking, according to weight changes after smoking cessation...
August 16, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Courtney Mitchell, Cheneal Puljević, Ross Coomber, Alan White, Sarah L Cresswell, Jasper Bowman, Stuart A Kinner
Following the implementation of prison smoke-free policies, there have been reports of prisoners creating substitute cigarettes made from nicotine replacement therapy patches or lozenges infused with tea leaves ("teabacco"). No studies have analyzed the chemical constituents of teabacco made from nicotine lozenges, so as to document any potential related health hazards. Teabacco samples were made by a participant who reported creating teabacco while incarcerated in a smoke-free prison in Queensland, Australia, and the process was video-recorded for replication in a laboratory...
August 14, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
Christopher R Williams, Angela Jellison, Luke Martin, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Larry W Kraiss, Benjamin S Brooke
OBJECTIVE: Optimizing medical management through glucose control, smoking cessation, and drug therapy (ie, antiplatelet and statin agents) is recommended as first-line therapy for patients with claudication. The aims of this study were to determine how frequently veterans with claudication received optimal medical management (OMM) before undergoing elective open lower extremity bypass procedures nationwide and whether preoperative OMM was associated with improved surgical outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed all patients within the Veterans Affairs (VA) Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who underwent elective open lower extremity bypass procedures for claudication at nationwide VA medical centers from 2005 until 2015...
August 11, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Jerome F Walker, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: Weight gain frequently accompanies smoking cessation. This study examined if increasing body mass index (BMI) during the early years of smoking influences quitting by young adulthood. DESIGN: Longitudinal, observational study using in-home interview data. SETTING: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health (Add Health) 1994 to 2008. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred forty-nine adolescent smokers (12-19 years) followed into young adulthood (20-32 years) through 4 waves of in-home interviews...
August 14, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
John Ascher, Annette Stemhagen, Monika Stender, Beta Win, Christina Winter
BACKGROUND: Bupropion hydrochloride (Zyban) is an effective aid to smoking cessation; however, its use has previously been associated with neuropsychiatric adverse events. Here we report results of the patient Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior survey that forms part of the Year 7 Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) assessment for Zyban. OBJECTIVE: Assess participants' understanding of the neuropsychiatric risks associated with branded bupropion hydrochloride products that are used for smoking cessation, as described in the Medication Guides...
August 13, 2018: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Mario I Fernández, Maurizio Brausi, Peter E Clark, Michael S Cookson, H Barton Grossman, Makarand Khochikar, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Bernard Malavaud, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Mark S Soloway, Robert S Svatek, Raghunandan Vikram, Alina Vrieling, Ashish M Kamat
PURPOSE: To update current recommendations on prevention, screening, diagnosis, and evaluation of bladder cancer (BC) based on a thorough assessment of the most recent literature on these topics. METHODS: A non-systematic review was performed, including articles until June 2017. A variety of original articles, reviews, and editorials were selected according to their epidemiologic, demographic, and clinical relevance. Assessment of the level of evidence and grade of recommendations was performed according to the International Consultation on Urological Diseases grading system...
August 13, 2018: World Journal of Urology
Bo Yang, Daniel Owusu, Lucy Popova
INTRODUCTION: Health agencies are grappling with communicating risks of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) compared with combusted cigarettes. This study examined smokers' responses to two types of comparative risk messages with one type incorporating more negative antismoking elements in the design. METHODS: In an online experiment, 1400 US adult (18+ years) current smokers and recent quitters were randomised to view one of three comparative risk messages about e-cigarettes (CR messages), one of three comparative risk messages that included more negative antismoking elements in the design (CR- messages) or a control message...
August 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Shatha S Y ALHarthi, Zuhair Saleh Natto, Jennifer Bassett Midle, Robert Gyurko, Rory O'Neill, Bjorn Steffensen
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to analyze the periodontal conditions among non-smokers, former smokers and current smokers in the two National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) acquired between 2009-2012, and determine the association between time since quitting smoking and periodontal status. METHODS: Smoking status and periodontal examination data from NHANES 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 were analyzed. Respondents included in the analysis were 18 years of age or older, had undergone a complete NHANES "Oral Health - Periodontal Exam" with all measurements recorded as required for the periodontal classification algorithm, and had complete data from the NHANES "Smoking - Cigarette Use questionnaire" Logistic regression was conducted with time since quitting as the exposure and presence of periodontitis as the outcome, and included adjustment for confounders...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Megan J Moerke, Lance R McMahon
Acute tolerance to effects of nicotine plays an important role in nicotine dependence, but the mechanism underlying these effects is unclear. Drug discrimination was used in the current study to examine the impact of nicotine pretreatment on sensitivity to the discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine and the FDA-approved smoking cessation pharmacotherapy varenicline. Rhesus monkeys ( n = 4) discriminated 0.032 mg/kg nicotine base iv from saline under an FR5 schedule of stimulus-shock termination. Both nicotine and varenicline increased drug-appropriate responding; ED50 values (95% confidence limits) were 0...
August 13, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Babalola Faseru, Kimber P Richter, Taneisha S Scheuermann, Eal Whan Park
BACKGROUND: While many cessation programmes are available to assist smokers in quitting, research suggests that support from individual partners, family members, or 'buddies' may encourage abstinence. OBJECTIVES: To determine if an intervention to enhance one-to-one partner support for smokers attempting to quit improves smoking cessation outcomes, compared with cessation interventions lacking a partner-support component. SEARCH METHODS: We limited the search to the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group Specialised Register, which was updated in April 2018...
August 13, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bart N Green, Claire D Johnson, Scott Haldeman, Edward J Kane, Michael B Clay, Erin A Griffith, Juan M Castellote, Matthew Smuck, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Eric L Hurwitz, Margareta Nordin, Kristi Randhawa, Hainan Yu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop recommendations for prevention interventions for spinal disorders that could be delivered globally, but especially in underserved areas and in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We extracted risk factors, associations, and comorbidities of common spinal disorders (e.g., back and neck pain, spinal trauma, infection, developmental disorders) from a scoping review of meta-analyses and systematic reviews of clinical trials, cohort studies, case control studies, and cross-sectional studies...
August 11, 2018: European Spine Journal
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