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"smoking cessation"

Nan Jiang, Nina Siman, Charles M Cleland, Nancy VanDevanter, Trang Nguyen, Nam Nguyen, Donna Shelley
Introduction: Smoking prevalence is high in Viet Nam, yet tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) is not widely available. Methods: We conducted a quasi-experimental study that compared the effectiveness of health care provider advice and assistance (ARM 1) vs. ARM 1 plus village health worker (VHW) counseling (ARM 2) on abstinence at 6-month follow-up. This study was embedded in a larger two-arm cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam...
October 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Hsiu-Wen Tsai, Shu-Ching Chen, Hsein-Lin Wu, Ming-Ying Hong, Yun-Hsiang Lee, Yeur-Hur Lai
BACKGROUND: Providing tobacco control (TC) and smoking cessation (SC) counseling is an important part of healthcare. An assessment tool to understand healthcare providers' experiences in providing SC counseling may enhance TC. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) translate and develop the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale-Chinese version (SCCS-C) and (2) evaluate its psychometric properties in Taiwan. METHODS: This is a 2-phase instrument testing study...
October 16, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Jeremy D Kidd, Curtis Dolezal, Walter O Bockting
PURPOSE: Transgender individuals smoke tobacco at disproportionately higher rates than the general U.S. population, and concurrent use of gender-affirming hormones (estrogen or testosterone) and tobacco confers greater cardiovascular (CV) risk. This study examines the relationship between tobacco use and legal document gender-marker change, and medical/surgical interventions for gender transition. METHODS: Data came from an Internet-based survey of U.S. trans-feminine (n = 631) and trans-masculine (n = 473) individuals...
October 2018: LGBT Health
Jose Barboza
Tobacco use is the most preventable cause of death worldwide, with over 7 million deaths per year. Smoking during pregnancy causes harm to the mother, fetus, and can result in problems for the infant from childhood into adulthood. Practitioners should ask all expectant mothers about tobacco use. For expectant mothers who smoke or recently quit, practitioners should advice to quit and provide psychosocial interventions. Rates of smoking during pregnancy differ between geographical locations, with estimates of 10...
October 17, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Kenneth E Warner, David Mendez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Ceyda Sahan, Turkan Gunay, Hatice Simsek, Ahmet Soysal, Gul Ergor
Background: Gender and lower socioeconomic status are associated with smoking. Aims: This study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic factors and cigarette tobacco smoking in Balcova, Izmir, Turkey, with a focus on gender differences. Methods: The study population was all men and women (36 187) aged over 30 years living in Balcova from October 2007 to May 2009. Data were collected in interviews and included smoking status (current, former, never), age, gender, marital status, educational level, occupational class/working status, health insurance and having a chronic disease...
October 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Isabell K Rumrich, Kirsi Vähäkangas, Matti Viluksela, Mika Gissler, Heljä-Marja Surcel, Antti Korhonen, Hanna De Ruyter, Otto Hänninen
AIMS: In Finland, smoking rates in the general population are decreasing due to increased awareness of the adverse effects and tightened tobacco legislation. However, previous studies have shown that smoking in pregnant Finnish women remained as high as in the general Finnish female population at around 15% in 2010. Our aim was to describe temporal and spatial trends in smoking behaviour, and determinants of changes in smoking behaviour between first and second pregnancy. METHODS: Self-reported smoking from the Finnish Medical Birth Register covered the years 1991-2015 ( N=1,435,009)...
October 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kathryn I Pollak, Laura J Fish, Linda M Sutton, Xiaomei Gao, Pauline Lyna, Lynda Owen, Michele L Patel, Tamara J Somers
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors continue to smoke. Further, most survivors also report high levels of persistent pain and smoke in response to pain. The investigators tested the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a smoking cessation program paired with a pain management program for cancer survivors. METHODS: The investigators conducted a two-arm, wait-list randomized controlled pilot study in which they delivered a combined smoking cessation and pain management intervention...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Amy M Cohn, Michael S Amato, Kang Zhao, Xi Wang, Sarah Cha, Jennifer L Pearson, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
BACKGROUND: Few Internet smoking cessation programs specifically address the impact of alcohol use during a quit attempt, despite its common role in relapse. This study used topic modeling to describe the most prevalent topics about alcohol in an online smoking cessation community, the prevalence of negative sentiment expressed about alcohol use in the context of a quit attempt (i.e., alcohol should be limited or avoided during a quit attempt) within topics, and the degree to which topics differed by user social connectivity within the network...
October 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Ahmed Mhalla, Walid Bel Hadj Salah, Rim Mensi, Badii Amamou, Amal Messaoud, Leila Gassab, Wahiba Douki, Med Fadhel Najjar, Lotfi Gaha
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases are common co morbidities of schizophrenia and constitute the main factors of high mortality in this pathology. Cardiovascular damages are favored by some risk factors, of which one of the most important is dyslipidemia. In this context, a study of lipid profile in schizophrenia is interesting.  The aims of this study were to compare the lipid profile of patients with schizophrenia to healthy controls and to investigate the associations between lipid parameters and demographics, clinical and treatment characteristics of the patients...
January 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Joan L Bottorff, Gayl Sarbit, John L Oliffe, Cristina M Caperchione, Danielle Wilson, Anne Huisken
There is a need for tailored smoking cessation programs specifically for Indigenous fathers who want to quit smoking.The aim of this study was to engage Indigenous men and key informants in guiding cultural adaptations to the Dads in Gear (DIG) cessation program. In Phase 1 of this qualitative participatory study, Indigenous men were engaged in group sessions and key informants in semistructured interviews to gather advice related to cultural adaptations to the DIG program. These data were used to guide the development of program prototypes...
October 16, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
Sarah Barber, Graham Thornicroft
This mini-review considers the mortality gap in persons with severe mental disorder (SMD) globally. Current estimates of 10-20 years of potential life lost may be too conservative, both in high (HIC) and low and middle-income countries (LMICs). There is an emerging consensus that natural causes account for the majority of deaths in persons with SMD in both resource settings. In HICs, cardiovascular causes predominate, and can be attributed to individual, health-system and societal level risk factors. Psychosocial lifestyle interventions target behavior specific risk factors for physical ill-health...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Christopher Alexakis, Sonia Saxena, Vivek Chhaya, Elizabeth Cecil, Azeem Majeed, Richard Pollok
BACKGROUND: The impact of smoking at diagnosis and subsequent smoking cessation on clinical outcomes in Crohn's disease (CD) has not been evaluated in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Using a nationally representative clinical research database, we identified incident cases of CD between 2005 and 2014. We compared the following outcomes: overall corticosteroid (CS) use; flares requiring CS; CS dependency and intestinal surgery between smokers and non-smokers at time of CD diagnosis...
October 15, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Tülay Yavan, Aslı Güleşen, Hatice Bebiş
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to conduct a validity and reliability study of the Turkish version of the abstinence-related motivational engagement (ARME) scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 122 people and was administered in a smoking cessation clinic. The sociodemographic-smoking status characteristics questionnaire and the ARME scale were used for data collection. A psycholinguistic language adaptation was performed. In the validity, analyses, content, construct, and criterion-related validities were used...
September 13, 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
Marek Milcarz, Kinga Polanska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, Dorota Kaleta
The goal of this cross-sectional survey was to assess the level of knowledge on harmful effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and active smoking among socially-disadvantaged people in Poland. The study was conducted among 1817 respondents aged 18⁻59 years, who used aid services from local social care institutions in Piotrkowski district. Majority of the participants were aware of the fact that smoking may cause serious diseases and lung cancer (92%). However, those percentages were lower for awareness of ETS and health risk (69...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tatiana Basáñez, Anuja Majmundar, Tess Boley Cruz, Jennifer B Unger
E-cigarettes were initially introduced as a less harmful alternative to combustible cigarettes, but marketing efforts may now be exceeding these claims by associating e-cigarettes with words related to healthy foods. These associations could mislead people to assume vaping is a healthy practice. Tweets from January to March 2017 were obtained from the Twitter Streaming Application Programming Interface (API) to assess content about vaping linked to healthy food words. Tweets were classified into one of nine categories along with their source (marketer vs...
December 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
Da Chang, Jian Zhang, Wei Peng, Zhuowen Shen, Xin Gao, Youhong Du, Qiu Ge, Donghui Song, Yuanqi Shang, Ze Wang
Chronic smoking impairs brain functions in the prefrontal cortex and the projecting meso-cortical limbic system. The purpose of this pilot study is to examine whether modulating the frontal brain activity using high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can improve smoking cessation and to explore the changing pattern of the brain activity after treatment. Fourteen treatment-seeking smokers were offered a program involving 10 days of rTMS treatment with a follow-up for another 25 days...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Jae-Woong Yoo, Young-Ju Jin
This study examined the effect of induced hypocrisy as a new anti-smoking advertisement approach on smokers' attitudes toward advertisements and their attitudes and intentions toward smoking cessation. It also comparatively analysed the effects of this tactic against those of the fear appeals that have traditionally been used in anti-smoking campaigns. The findings showed highly positive effects from induced hypocrisy on smoker attitudes and intentions toward cessation. Comparison of fear appeals and induced hypocrisy advertising on cessation showed stronger effects from the former on cessation intentions, although not to a statistically significant degree...
October 15, 2018: Global Health Promotion
Gaurav Kumar Gulati, Bruce J Hinds
Smoking tobacco continues to be a worldwide major cause of premature death. Although combined behavioral and pharmacotherapy interventions can increase the smoking cessation rate to nearly 25%, the combined approach is generally economically unattainable, and the low success rate leaves large populations at risk. Reviewed are treatments following primarily the principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), based on an addiction disease model with reduced dopamine receptors...
2018: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Georg E Matt, Eunha Hoh, Penelope J E Quintana, Joy M Zakarian, Jayson Arceo
Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the residue left behind by secondhand smoke (SHS) that accumulates in indoor environments. THS chemicals can persist long after smoking has ceased and can re-emit semivolatile compounds back into the air. Measuring tobacco smoke pollution in real-world field setting can be technically complex, expensive, and intrusive. This study placed pillows in homes of former smokers and examined how much nicotine adsorbed to them over a three-week period. Organic cotton pillows were placed in the homes of 8 former smokers following the first week after verified smoking cessation until the fourth week...
September 22, 2018: Environmental Research
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