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Emotional health

Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Kirsten Smith, Saara Bhanji, Rachelle Shepley, Andreja Modor, Andrew Bertrim
BACKGROUND: Investigations into the use of mindfulness with allied health and social care students, many of whom ultimately work in rehabilitation settings, is in the nascent stages and no systematic mapping of the literature has occurred. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify, summarise, and describe the current state of knowledge on mindfulness in allied health and social care professional education. METHODS: Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology was adopted...
December 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
María Laura Cordero, María Florencia Cesani
In contexts in which poverty compromises children's health and quality of life, the study of perceived health allows for the identification of aspects of quality of life affected by overweight and obesity. From this perspective, the objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in schoolchildren aged 8-12 years living in contexts of poverty, 2) to describe and compare the perception of health of children according to the presence or absence of overweight and obesity, and 3) to identify possible factors associated with low quality of life related to health...
July 2018: Salud Colectiva
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Isis Eloah Machado, Rogério Ruscito Prado, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Claudio Dutra Crespo, Ada Ávila Assunção
Health self-assessment (HSA) is a widely studied indicator among adults and the elderly, but not often explored in adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of poor self-rated health in Brazilian schoolchildren and associated factors. Data from the 2015 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed; prevalences and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated for poor self-rated health and associated factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed...
November 29, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Eliana de Cássia Arantes, Carina Aparecida Marosti Dessotte, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Lidia Aparecida Rossi, Rejane Kiyomi Furuya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term results of an educational program compared to usual care. METHOD: A longitudinal study in which 56 participants from a previous study (randomized controlled clinical trial) were evaluated twelve months after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was assessed by the Medical Outcomes Study: 36-item Short Form (SF-36), and anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Eduarda da Costa Marinho, Isis Danyelle Dias Custódio, Isabela Borges Ferreira, Cibele Aparecida Crispim, Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Yara Cristina de Paiva Maia
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the perceptions related to dietary intake with the domains and subscales of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in women with breast neoplasms receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: In this prospective study, 55 women with breast cancer were followed up during chemotherapy at three different times (T0, T1, T2). Before chemotherapy, perceptions related to food consumption were evaluated. HRQL was analyzed with the EORTC QLQ-C30 and Br23 instruments 21 days after each investigated cycle...
November 29, 2018: Clinics
Christian Young, Jonathan C Craig, Kathleen Clapham, Sandra Banks, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and determine protective factors for resilience in urban Aboriginal adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data was collected from 119 Aboriginal adolescents participating in the Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health (SEARCH). Resilience was defined as having 'low-risk' Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire scores on the total difficulties (range: 0-40) or the prosocial scale (range: 0-10)...
December 5, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Gulnara Kobylanovna Slanbekova, Man Cheung Chung, Baizhol Iskakovich Karipbaev, Raikhan Shaikhishevna Sabirova, Roza Togayevna Alimbayeva
This study examined 1) the link between PTSD from past trauma, interpersonal sensitivity and psychiatric co-morbidity, 2) mediational effects of alexithymia on 1), and 3) moderated mediational effects with emotional expressivity as the moderator. Five hundred and fifteen Kazakh students completed the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, Berkeley Expressivity Questionnaire and Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure. The results showed that 28% met the criteria for full-PTSD...
December 5, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Carol A Kidron, Laurence J Kirmayer
Efforts to provide culturally appropriate global mental health interventions have included attention to local idioms of distress. This article critically examines the potential gap between lay ethnopsychological understandings of the Cambodian idiom of baksbat (broken courage) on the one hand and clinical conceptualizations of the idiom as a potential indicator of posttraumatic stress disorder. Ethnographic semi-structured interviews with trauma survivors reveal resistance to current clinical translations and hybrid Euro-Western and Khmer treatment interventions...
December 4, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Danielle M Varda, Ayelet Talmi
Current approaches to addressing the problems families face when navigating complex service systems on behalf of their children rely largely on state or nationally driven efforts around the development of systems of care (SOCs). However, operationalizing meaningful family involvement within SOCs remains a challenge, with little attention paid to the role of personal social support networks (PSSNs). Specifically, risk factors related to the variations in the social connectedness of family social support networks are difficult to identify, assess, and track over time...
November 23, 2018: EGEMS
Mojdeh Banaei, Azam Moridi, Sareh Dashti
Introduction: Considering physical and emotional changes affecting women's sexual function in postpartum period. Aim: This study was conducted to determine the sexual dysfunction and postpartum-related factors in Bandar Abbas women in 2016. Material and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study used systematic random sampling on 432 postpartum women referred to Bandar Abbas Healthcare Centers. Data were collected by Demographic and Obstetrics Questionnaire and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) Questionnaire through interview and were analyzed by using SPSS ver...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Louise Purtell, P Marcin Sowa, Ilse Berquier, Carla Scuderi, Carol Douglas, Bernadette Taylor, Katrina Kramer, Wendy Hoy, Helen Healy, Ann Bonner
OBJECTIVES: For many people with advanced kidney disease, their physical, psychological and emotional needs remain unmet. Kidney supportive care, fully integrating specialist kidney and palliative care teams, responds to the emotional and symptom distress in this cohort who may be on a non-dialysis care pathway or on dialysis and approaching end of life. We aimed to analyse and describe the operation and patient characteristics of a new kidney supportive care programme (KSCp). METHODS: A multidisciplinary KSCp was introduced through a tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Australia...
December 4, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Michael R Dolsen, Julianna Deardorff, Allison G Harvey
PURPOSE: Puberty influences biological and psychological development during adolescence. This includes a shift toward an evening circadian preference, which is characterized by greater physical and mental activity at night compared to the morning. This study examines how pubertal hormones are related to risk across key health domains among adolescents with an evening circadian preference. METHODS: Participants were adolescents with an evening circadian preference (n = 165, 96 female and 69 male, mean age = 14...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
David Mukunya, Marte E S Haaland, James K Tumwine, Grace Ndeezi, Olive Namugga, Josephine Tumuhamye, Halvor Sommerfelt, Joseph Rujumba, Thorkild Tylleskar, Karen Marie Moland, Victoria Nankabirwa
BACKGROUND: Cleansing the umbilical cord with chlorhexidine reduces neonatal morbidity and mortality, particularly in communities where newborn deaths and home births are common. As a result, the World Health Organization and national authorities are advocating the scale up of this intervention. In order for such a scale up to be effective, it has to be acceptable to the targeted population. With the overall aim to clarify conditions for scale-up, this study explored the acceptability of single dose chlorhexidine solution for umbilical cord care among health workers and infant care providers in the districts of Kampala and Mukono in Central Uganda...
December 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Grace W K Ho, Athena C Y Chan, Wai-Tong Chien, Daniel T Bressington, Thanos Karatzias
Ample evidence supports significant and enduring associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and negative outcomes later in life. Subsets of ACEs (e.g. childhood maltreatment and household dysfunction) have been examined in Chinese populations, but no known study has comprehensively examined the full constellation of different types of ACEs or patterns of ACE exposure in Chinese samples. As a direct response to the call to establish a global ACEs surveillance framework, this study provides the first translation and validation of the World Health Organization ACE - International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ)...
December 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Laura J Biggs, Helen L McLachlan, Touran Shafiei, Pranee Liamputtong, Della A Forster
In Australia, the PANDA-Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia National Helpline (the Helpline) offers support to callers impacted by emotional health challenges in the perinatal period. Callers receive counselling from professional staff and peer support from volunteers. An understanding of factors that contribute to callers' experiences of emotional distress, as well as potential barriers and facilitators to help-seeking, can be used to inform future service design and delivery. A caller intake form is completed by Helpline staff when an individual contacts the service for the first time, or re-engages after a period of non-contact...
December 3, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Elias Allara, Franca Beccaria, Roberta Molinar, Laura Marinaro, Antonella Ermacora, Alessandro Coppo, Fabrizio Faggiano
Diario della Salute [My Health Diary] is a school-based program designed to enhance the subjective well-being and health of 12- to 13-year-old students. We hypothesized that providing students with the social and emotional skills to fulfill their potential and deal with common developmental tasks of adolescence (e.g., onset of puberty, identity development, increased responsibilities and academic demands) would result in improved well-being and health. The program comprises five standardized interactive lessons concerning common psychosocial and health issues in adolescence, and two narrative booklets addressed to both students and their parents...
December 3, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
Matthew P White, Nicola L Yeo, Peeter Vassiljev, Rikard Lundstedt, Mattias Wallergård, Maria Albin, Mare Lõhmus
Many studies suggest that increased exposure to urban greenness is associated with better population health. Accessing nature can in some circumstances, however, be difficult, especially for individuals with mobility constraints. Therefore, a growing body of work is investigating the ways to replace the in vivo experience with forms of "virtual" contact, in order to provide these individuals with at least some benefits of the natural environment. The aim of this paper is to provide a review of previous use of virtual reality (VR) nature in health and care settings and contemplate the potential use of this technology in future...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Aleeya Healey, Alan Mendelsohn
Play is essential to optimal child development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. It also offers an ideal and significant opportunity for parents and other caregivers to engage fully with children using toys as an instrument of play and interaction. The evolution of societal perceptions of toys from children's playthings to critical facilitators of early brain and child development has challenged caregivers in deciding which toys are most appropriate for their children...
December 3, 2018: Pediatrics
K P Fontes, D F Veiga, A C Naldoni, M Sabino-Neto, L M Ferreira
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the influence of different surgical treatment modalities on the level of physical activity, functional capacity, and quality of life of breast cancer survivors. One hundred eighty women aged 30-60 years old were selected and allocated to control group (CG, women without breast cancer, n = 45), breast-conserving surgery group (BCG, n = 45), mastectomy group (MG, n = 45), and breast reconstruction group (BRG, n = 45). Physical activity, functional capacity, and quality of life were assessed, respectively, using the following self-report questionnaires validated for use in Brazil: International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-20), and Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)...
November 13, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Thierry Perez, Kamila Sedkaoui, Elodie de Bock, Bernard Aguilaniu, Philippe Devillier, Christophe Pignier, Benoit Arnould, Gaëlle Bruneteau, Thomas Similowski
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder leading to chronic respiratory failure. Few studies have investigated ALS-related dyspnoea, and none have characterised the emotional distress it inflicts. We hypothesised that ALS-related dyspnoea has a strong affective component that relates to quality of life. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was conducted in 41 ALS patients >18 with chronic respiratory failure and an indication for noninvasive ventilation (NIV)...
December 2018: Respiratory Medicine
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