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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120849/reducing-stress-and-burnout-in-the-public-sector-work-environment-a-mindfulness-meditation-pilot-study
#1
Elizabeth Vella, Shane McIver
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Identifying ways to manage the psychological and emotional costs of workplace stress is essential. Mindfulness meditation is reported to support mental wellbeing, however findings are limited in Australian business settings. Accordingly, this study explored the efficacy of a mindfulness meditation program tailored for an Australian public sector workplace. METHODS: A mixed-methods, single-group, pre/post-test design was used to evaluate a proof-of-concept mindfulness intervention...
August 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120007/assessment-of-the-needs-for-palliative-care-in-advanced-chronic-patients-on-discharge
#2
Marisa de-la-Rica-Escuín, Ana García-Barrecheguren, Ana María Monche-Palacín
OBJECTIVES: To describe the advanced chronic patients admitted to an internal medicine department and to identify whether they meet the criteria for the need for palliative care at the time of hospital discharge according to the NECPAL-CCOMS.ICO® instrument. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study performed on patients admitted to the internal medicine department of the Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa (Saragossa), with a diagnosis of advanced progressive chronic diseases, from May 1, 2017 to September 1, 2017 Variables: sex, age, advanced chronic disease, reason for admission, primary caregiver, origin (residence, address, etc...
August 14, 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119934/impact-of-self-efficacy-on-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-asthma-and-their-caregivers
#3
Verónica Melgarejo González-Conde, Virginia Pérez-Fernández, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban, José Valverde-Molina
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life is an important outcome measurement in the monitoring of asthma control. Self-efficacy is a determinant of self-management behaviors that can contribute to the improvement of asthma control and quality of life. Our objective was to analyze the relationship between self-efficacy and quality of life in children with asthma and their caregivers. METHODS: We included 176 patients aged 6-14 years with asthma, and determined their level of self-efficacy according to three groups (low, medium and high levels)...
August 14, 2018: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119704/how-group-singing-facilitates-recovery-from-the-symptoms-of-postnatal-depression-a-comparative-qualitative-study
#4
Rosie Perkins, Sarah Yorke, Daisy Fancourt
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated that making music can enhance positive emotions as well as support positive psychological functioning. However, studies tend to be limited by lack of comparison with other psychosocial interventions. This study builds on a three-arm randomised controlled trial (RCT) that demonstrated that group singing for mothers and babies, but not group creative play, can lead to faster recovery from moderate-severe symptoms of postnatal depression than usual care...
August 17, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119693/a-qualitative-study-of-refugee-families-experiences-of-the-escape-and-travel-from-syria-to-sweden
#5
Elisabeth Mangrio, Slobodan Zdravkovic, Elisabeth Carlson
OBJECTIVE: Research shows that, depending on the route of travel during the escape, the journey presents the refugees with different health risks. Traumatic events during flight may have long-lasting physical and psychological effects on the refugee children. Therefore, it is important to illuminate the experiences that refugee families arriving in Sweden have endured during their flight. A qualitative study was conducted through interviews with fifteen recently arrived Syrian refugee families...
August 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30118538/research-article-educational-and-psychological-aspects-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-a-teachable-moment
#6
J Okely, C Mason, A Collier, N Dunnachie, V Swanson
AIMS: Research regarding the determinants of concordance with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) treatment is limited. Here, we test whether the psychosocial changes outlined in the teachable moments model, as proposed by McBride et al. (McBride CM, Emmons KM, Lipkus IM. Understanding the potential of teachable moments: the case of smoking cessation. Health Educ Res 2003; 18: 156-170) are associated with following GDM treatment recommendations. METHODS: Fifty-nine women completed a baseline questionnaire (1 week after GDM diagnosis) in which they reported risk perception, social support, emotional response, the importance of their maternal identity and self-efficacy...
August 17, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116989/the-effects-of-the-training-program-and-counseling-program-given-to-women-who-underwent-a-mastectomy-and-spouses
#7
Bahar Kefeli Çol, Dilek Kılıç
Following breast cancer treatment, many families are negatively affected following the treatment for breast cancer of their women members. This study focused on assessing the effects of the training program and counseling program given to women who underwent a mastectomy and their spouses. Sixty women and 60 spouses were recruited for this study. The women in the experimental group and their spouses were provided with a four-session training program, once a week. Following this training, a 3-month follow-up and counseling were given and an assessment made...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115831/exploring-the-importance-of-health-literacy-for-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#8
Marija Jovanić, Marija Zdravković, Dejana Stanisavljević, Aleksandra Jović Vraneš
As with all other chronic noncommunicable diseases, adequate health literacy plays a key role in making the right decisions in the treatment of heart failure. Patients with heart failure and a lower health literacy have a reduced quality of life. A cross-sectional study among 200 patients with heart failure was conducted at a state university hospital in Belgrade, Serbia. The European Health Literacy Questionnaire, HLS-EU-Q47, was used to assess health literacy. Quality of life was measured with the generic SF-36 and the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115202/widening-the-net-exploring-social-determinants-of-burden-of-informal-carers
#9
I Gresswell, L Lally, D Adamis, G M McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: Providing care for a person with dementia or other chronic illness at home often places stress on the primary caregiver. In an Irish population, ~67% of carers reported experiencing extreme physical or mental tiredness. This study aimed to identify factors that influence carer burden and identify the sub-populations of carers who are most susceptible to burden. METHODS: Consecutive carers referred to a local carers' support organisation completed the following measurements: the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, Zarit Burden Interview, Social Network Index, General Health Questionnaire, Short Form Survey, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Brown's Locus of Control scale and provided demographic data on themselves and their patient...
March 2018: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115180/service-users-experiences-of-mental-health-tribunals-in-ireland-a-qualitative-analysis
#10
R Murphy, D McGuinness, E Bainbridge, L Brosnan, M Keys, H Felzmann, K Murphy, B Hallahan, A Higgins, C McDonald
OBJECTIVES: To explore the mental health tribunal experiences of people admitted involuntarily under the Mental Health Act 2001. METHODS: Employing a qualitative descriptive study design, data were collected from 23 service users who had experienced mental health tribunals during a recent involuntary admission. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted ~3 months post-revocation of their involuntary admission order. Data were analysed using an inductive thematic process...
December 2017: Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30115039/attachment-mentalisation-and-expressed-emotion-in-carers-of-people-with-long-term-mental-health-difficulties
#11
Mary Gemma Cherry, Peter James Taylor, Stephen Lloyd Brown, William Sellwood
BACKGROUND: Expressed emotion (EE) is a global index of familial emotional climate, which is comprised of emotional over-involvement (EOI) and critical comments (CC)/hostility. Although EE is an established predictor of negative outcomes for both people with long-term mental health difficulties and their family carers, its psychological underpinnings remain relatively poorly understood. This paper examined associations between attachment, mentalisation ability and aspects of EE. METHODS: Carers of people with long-term mental health difficulties (n = 106) completed measures of adult attachment (the Experiences in Close Relationships-Short Form questionnaire), mentalisation (the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and the Emotional Self-Efficacy Scale) and EE (the Family Questionnaire)...
August 16, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113957/do-not-resuscitate-in-iranian-muslim-families-a-conventional-content-analysis
#12
Fatemeh Bahramnezhad, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Neda Mehrdad
Families of patients who are dying have a key role in decisions regarding do-not-resuscitate orders. The objective of this study was to explore the aspects and characteristics of this decision by the families of Muslim patients with cancer. This study is a conventional content analysis. Eighteen families who met the inclusion criteria participated in this study and were selected by purposive sampling. Data collection was done by a semistructured interview (each interview was 60-110 minutes). The data analysis was performed using content analysis...
September 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113762/explorative-study-on-quality-of-life-in-relation-to-salivary-secretion-rate-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy-up-to-2-years-post-treatment
#13
Annica Almståhl, Jessica Skoogh Andersson, Torgny Alstad, Bodil Fagerberg-Mohlin, Caterina Finizia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse quality of life (QoL) pretreatment and up to 24 months post radiation therapy (RT) in patients with head and neck (H&N) cancer. METHODS: 29 patients (19 men and 10 women) with a mean age of 59±8 years were included. The stimulated salivary secretion was measured and the patients completed the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 and H&N35) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) pretreatment and at 6, 12 and 24 months post RT...
August 16, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113393/frailty-phenotypes-and-relations-with-surgical-outcomes-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
Furqaan Sadiq, Vanessa L Kronzer, Troy S Wildes, Sherry L McKinnon, Anshuman Sharma, Daniel L Helsten, Lawrence M Scheier, Michael S Avidan, Arbi Ben Abdallah
BACKGROUND: Frailty is an important concept in the care of older adults although controversy remains regarding its defining features and clinical utility. Both the Fried phenotype and the Rockwood deficit accumulation approaches cast frailty as a "burden" without exploring the relative salience of its cardinal markers and their relevance to the patient. New multifactorial perspectives require a reliable assessment of frailty that can validly predict postoperative health outcomes...
August 14, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113342/vulnerability-to-the-cardiovascular-effects-of-ambient-heat-in-six-u-s-cities-results-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#15
Carina J Gronlund, Lianne Sheppard, Sara D Adar, Marie S O'Neill, Amy Auchincloss, Jaime Madrigano, Joel Kaufman, Ana V Diez Roux
BACKGROUND: With climate change, temperatures are increasing. Heat-associated health events disproportionately affect certain subpopulations. However, prior research has often lacked information on individual-level health and air conditioning and neighborhood stressors/protections. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether 1) heat (2-day mean temperature above local 75 percentiles) is associated with increased heart rate and decreased blood pressure, controlling for age, time, season, daily ozone, and daily particulate matter (PM2...
August 14, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113260/the-social-and-psychological-health-outcomes-of-team-sport-participation-in-adults-an-integrative-review-of-research
#16
Marie Høstrup Andersen, Laila Ottesen, Lone Friis Thing
AIM: The aim of this article was to review the international scientific research literature about the social and psychological health outcomes associated with participation in team sport and to synthesise the key issues about team sport as a health-promoting activity. METHODS: The methodological framework guiding the review process is the integrative research review. A search of 10 key electronic databases was conducted to identify both quantitative and qualitative studies addressing the social and/or psychological health outcomes from participation in a team sport...
August 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112671/the-brain-adipocyte-gut-network-linking-obesity-and-depression-subtypes
#17
REVIEW
Carla M Patist, Nicolas J C Stapelberg, Eugene F Du Toit, John P Headrick
Major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity are dominant and inter-related health burdens. Obesity is a risk factor for MDD, and there is evidence MDD increases risk of obesity. However, description of a bidirectional relationship between obesity and MDD is misleading, as closer examination reveals distinct unidirectional relationships in MDD subtypes. MDD is frequently associated with weight loss, although obesity promotes MDD. In contrast, MDD with atypical features (MDD-AF) is characterised by subsequent weight gain and obesity...
August 15, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112318/determining-the-effect-of-implementing-an-educational-package-on-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-referring-to-teaching-hospitals-affiliated-with-ilam-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2016
#18
Mosaieb Mozaffari, Sanaz Azami, Madine Naderi
Introduction: Nowadays, pulmonary diseases have become one of the most important causes of mortality in the world. In this regard, the present study was aimed at examining the effect of implementing an educational package on quality of life (QoL) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) referring to teaching hospitals affiliated with Ilam University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: The present study was an interventional clinical trial in which the participants were randomly assigned into an intervention group and a control group...
May 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112197/clinical-socioeconomic-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-blood-pressure-control-and-adherence-results-from-a-multidisciplinary-cardiovascular-national-program-providing-universal-coverage-in-a-developing-country
#19
Daniela Sandoval, Carolina Nazzal, Tomás Romero
Background: Limited information exists on blood pressure (BP) control factors and adherence to antihypertensive drug therapy (Rx) in developing countries. Methods: Cross-sectional study in randomly selected 992 hypertensive patients under a Chilean national comprehensive Cardiovascular Health Program (CVHP). Association of education, income, diabetes, obesity, physical activity, psychosocial characteristics, smoking, and alcohol abuse with BP control and adherence were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111945/stress-coping-and-lived-experiences-among-caregivers-of-cancer-patients-on-palliative-care-a-mixed-method-research
#20
Lovely Antony, Linu Sara George, Tessy Treesa Jose
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess stress and coping among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care and to acquire a deeper understanding of their lived experiences. Materials and Methods: A mixed method study was conducted among caregivers of cancer patients on palliative care using mixed method approach and triangulation design. Data were gathered using self-administered stress rating scale, brief COPE inventory, and structured interview schedule...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
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