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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742469/when-fairness-clashes-with-personal-autonomy-and-parental-authority-a-comparison-of-daughters-and-mothers-reasoning-in-two-cultural-contexts-in-turkey
#1
Melike Acar
The author examined religious and secular daughters' and mothers' reasoning about personal autonomy, maternal authority, and moral concepts in family decision-making situations in urban Turkey. Sixty-eight daughters and 34 mothers were individually interviewed about decision-making autonomy in general issues and hypothetical daughter-mother conflicts. Results indicated participants regardless of their family status and religious background assigned more decision-making autonomy to mothers when evaluating general issues...
May 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741130/epigenetic-involvement-in-etiopathogenesis-and-implications-in-treatment-of-systemic-lupus-erythematous
#2
REVIEW
Arron Munggela Foma, Saeed Aslani, Jafar Karami, Ahmadreza Jamshidi, Mahdi Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Recent researches in the field of genetics have extended our knowledge through the discovery of genetic factors associated with autoimmune diseases (AID). Genetics by itself, however, cannot elucidate all the uncertainties encountered in the etiopathology of AID. On the other hand, incomplete harmony in the prevalence of AID in identical twins suggests that non-genetic factors may play an important role in determining the disease susceptibility. Besides, epigenetics, which is defined by changes in gene expression without a corresponding change in the DNA sequences, has come in to provide new awareness in the disease etiopathology by bridging the genetic and epigenetic factors...
July 24, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737079/menstrual-education-and-personal-hygiene-supplies-to-empower-young-women-in-haiti
#3
Patricia Coker-Bolt, Annika Jansson, Sherridan Bigg, Elizabeth Hammond, Harmony Hudson, Sarah Hunkler, Jana Kitch, Heather Richardson, Erica Tiedemann, Janet O'Flynn, Marie Dominque Laurent
Recent studies report that Haitian women are concerned about unmet women's health issues. The Days for Girls (DfG) International program features women's health education and personal hygiene kits to ensure women understand the process of menstruation and sanitary hygiene practices. The aim was to train Haitian seamstresses to produce the DfG kits during an in-country workshop and investigate the perceived benefit of the DfG program in young women who used the DfG kits. Posttest only design was used to measure the effectiveness of DfG workshop and postsurvey to study perception of women using DfG kits...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735381/characterization-of-the-sensorimotor-rhythm-in-4-month-old-infants-born-at-term-and-premature
#4
Milene Roca-Stappung, Minerva Moguel-González, Thalía Fernández, Thalía Harmony, Omar Mendoza-Montoya, José Luis Marroquín, Salvador Ruiz-Correa, Lourdes Díaz-Comas, Gloria Otero-Ojeda
The sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) is an electroencephalographic rhythm associated with motor and cognitive development observed in the central brain regions during wakefulness in the absence of movement, and it reacts contralaterally to generalized and hemibody movements. The purpose of this work was to characterize the SMR of 4-month-old infants, born either healthy at term or prematurely with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Two groups of infants were formed: healthy and premature with PVL. Their electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded in four conditions: rest, free movement, right-hand grasping and left-hand grasping, in order to explore general reactivity to free movement and contralateral reactivity in hand-grasping conditions...
July 22, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733863/population-level-coordination-of-pigment-response-in-individual-cyanobacterial-cells-under-altered-nitrogen-levels
#5
Jaclyn Murton, Aparna Nagarajan, Amelia Y Nguyen, Michelle Liberton, Harmony A Hancock, Himadri B Pakrasi, Jerilyn A Timlin
Cyanobacterial phycobilisome (PBS) pigment-protein complexes harvest light and transfer the energy to reaction centers. Previous ensemble studies have shown that cyanobacteria respond to changes in nutrient availability by modifying the structure of PBS complexes, but this process has not been visualized for individual pigments at the single-cell level due to spectral overlap. We characterized the response of four key photosynthetic pigments to nitrogen depletion and repletion at the subcellular level in individual, live Synechocystis sp...
July 21, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#6
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729079/the-indian-nose-an-anthropometric-analysis
#7
Nikhil Mehta, Rakesh K Srivastava
Anthropometric measurements of the nose are of great importance in planning aesthetic nasal surgery. Abundant literature is available on anthropometric analysis of Caucasians and Orientals, without similar references on the Indian nose and its regional differences. Thus, we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional epidemiological study of 1000 volunteers, with equal number of subjects derived from five geographic groups, namely North, Central, West, South, and the Himalayan region, to determine differences in nasal morphology of Indian population and among its various regions...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727659/patient-release-criteria-following-radioactive-iodine-131-treatment-in-the-light-of-international-practice-where-does-south-africa-fit-in
#8
Modisenyane S Mongane, William I D Rae
The release from hospital of patients treated with radioactive iodine-131 (I) remains a controversial issue as a result of the range of guidelines implemented by national regulatory bodies responsible for radiation protection in various countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to review and analyse the literature on patient release criteria (PRC) applied internationally in an attempt to achieve a justifiable approach to setting equivalent criteria in South Africa. In 2016, the South African Department of Health, Directorate: Radiation Control added conditions (numbers 50 and 90), to licences to use radioactive nuclides...
July 19, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725455/effect-of-respiratory-pattern-on-automated-clinical-blood-pressure-measurement-an-observational-study-with-normotensive-subjects
#9
Natalia Herakova, Nnenna Harmony Nzeribe Nwobodo, Ying Wang, Fei Chen, Dingchang Zheng
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that deep breathing could reduce blood pressures (BP) in general. It is also known that BP is decreased during inhalation and increased during exhalation. Therefore, the measured BPs could be potentially different during deep breathing with different lengths of inhalation and exhalation. This study aimed to quantitatively investigate the effect of different respiratory patterns on BPs. METHODS: Forty healthy subjects (20 males and 20 females, aged from 18 to 60 years) were recruited...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723998/citizen-participation-and-the-health-policies-of-unasur
#10
Roberta de Freitas Campos
This paper examines how the Union of South American Nations (Unasur) concerned itself with ensuring democracy and participation in the construction of health policies. It aims to explain the meaning of health democracy, and its importance for making the right to health effective. The concern is that the decision on these politics of the bloc should be in harmony with the interests of their citizens, so as to identify ethical activity of the States in international relations. An analysis was made of the documents of constitution, and resolutions on health policy, of this bloc, and statements were found with objectives and principles about democracy and citizen participation; but no institutionalization of mechanisms that might make participative democracy in health operational was found...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723993/healthcare-and-development-a-dialog-with-the-thinking-of-celso-furtado
#11
Laís Silveira Costa, Ligia Bahia, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
Understanding that conditions of health are dependent on more general nationwide factors relating to the level of development means admitting that 'sectorization' of health service is something that tends to limit the formation of knowledge. It also points to the importance of investigating the relationship between health and development, including issues about the processes that feed the persistence of the polarization between modernization and exclusion which has been a history of Brazil's contemporary development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720776/dissonance-encoding-in-human-inferior-colliculus-covaries-with-individual-differences-in-dislike-of-dissonant-music
#12
Seung-Goo Kim, Jöran Lepsien, Thomas Hans Fritz, Toralf Mildner, Karsten Mueller
Harmony is one of the most fundamental elements of music that evokes emotional response. The inferior colliculus (IC) has been known to detect poor agreement of harmonics of sound, that is, dissonance. Electrophysiological evidence has implicated a relationship between a sustained auditory response mainly from the brainstem and unpleasant emotion induced by dissonant harmony. Interestingly, an individual's dislike of dissonant harmony of an individual correlated with a reduced sustained auditory response. In the current paper, we report novel evidence based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for such a relationship between individual variability in dislike of dissonance and the IC activation...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717242/a-new-solution-concept-for-the-ultimatum-game-leading-to-the-golden-ratio
#13
Stefan Schuster
The Ultimatum Game is a paradigmatic two-player game. A proposer can offer a certain fraction of some valuable good. A responder can accept the offer or reject it, implying that the two players receive nothing. The only subgame-perfect Nash equilibrium is to only offer an infinitesimal amount and to accept this. However, this equilibrium is not in agreement with experimental observations, which show varying accepted offers around 40%. While some authors suggest that the fairest split of 50% vs. 50% would be explainable on theoretical grounds or by computer simulation, a few authors (including myself) have recently suggested that the Golden Ratio, about 0...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714393/interrelationships-between-gut-microbiota-and-host-paradigms-role-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-future-prospects
#14
Javier Caballero-Villarraso, Alberto Galvan, Begoña M Escribano, Isaac Túnez
Advances in the knowledge of the microbiota and concepts related to it have triggered a wake-up call in biomedicine. The development in various scientific areas has enabled a better and broader approach to everything concerning the set of families of microorganisms that coexist with an individual and are able to function as one more organ in its body. Among the aforementioned scientific areas, those worth mentioning are the advances/progress in biotechnological resources and, in particular, molecular biology and related areas...
July 14, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714283/association-between-maternal-social-capital-and-infant-complementary-feeding-practices-in-rural-ethiopia
#15
Yunhee Kang, Jane Kim, Eunkyo Seo
Few studies have explored the potential of social capital in improving child nutritional status; however, most components of pathways between social capital and nutritional status have remained unexplained. Complementary feeding practice is a strong mediator of child nutritional status. This study examined the association between complementary feeding practice and maternal social capital in rural Ethiopia, using cross-sectional data of infant aged 6-12 months and their mother pairs (n = 870). The Short Social Capital Assessment Tool was used to assess maternal structural (i...
July 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709572/the-balancing-act-of-societies-and-of-clinical-histories
#16
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
Individuals and societies are, respectively, confederations of cells and individuals. They function well only if their constituents work in a complementary and harmonious way. This is regulated by control mechanisms. Failure or malfunction of these leads to disease or social upheaval, respectively. Medicine, including dermatology, and government act by restoring homeostasis when self-regulation is unable to do so. Long-term or even permanent survival of individuals and societies can be achieved when profound understanding of control mechanisms becomes a reality...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708890/electroencephalographic-characterization-of-subgroups-of-children-with-learning-disorders
#17
Milene Roca-Stappung, Thalía Fernández, Jorge Bosch-Bayard, Thalía Harmony, Josefina Ricardo-Garcell
Electroencephalographic alterations have been reported in subjects with learning disorders, but there is no consensus on what characterizes their electroencephalogram findings. Our objective was to determine if there were subgroups within a group of scholars with not otherwise specified learning disorders and if they had specific electroencephalographic patterns. Eighty-five subjects (31 female, 8-11 years) who scored low in at least two subscales -reading, writing and arithmetic- of the Infant Neuropsychological Evaluation were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707863/science-and-russian-orthodox-scholarship
#18
COMMENT
Karl Hall, Dimitri Bayuk
In Russia the theme of science and religion found its strongest resonance at the levels of humanistic scholarship and Christianity in general, where visions of harmony dominated and doctrinal and confessional particularity was largely absent. The fraught relations of both the Holy Synod and the Imperial Academy of Sciences with the Russian state since the early eighteenth century had the collateral consequence of minimal institutional contacts between theology and natural philosophy. Though “scientific apologetics” eventually found a place in the seminaries, scientists did not contribute to this scholarship in the nineteenth century...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705406/-quality-standards-for-duplex-ultrasonographic-assessment-duplex-us-of-abdominal-aortic-stent-grafts
#19
A Diard, F Becker, O Pichot
The quality standards of the French Society of Vascular Medicine for the ultrasound assessment of lower limb arteries in vascular medicine practice are based on the principle that these examinations have to meet two requirements: technical know-how (knowledge of devices and methodologies); medical know-how (level of examination matching the indication and purpose of the examination, interpretation and critical analysis of results). OBJECTIVES OF THE QUALITY STANDARDS: To describe an optimal level of examination adjusted to the indication or clinical hypothesis; to establish harmonious practices, methodologies, terminologies, results description and report; to provide good practice reference points and to promote a high quality process...
May 2017: J Med Vasc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705320/quality-and-equitable-health-care-gaps-for%C3%A2-women-attributions-to-sex-differences-in-cardiovascular-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Leslee J Shaw, Carl J Pepine, Joe Xie, Puja K Mehta, Alanna A Morris, Neal W Dickert, Keith C Ferdinand, Martha Gulati, Harmony Reynolds, Sharonne N Hayes, Dipti Itchhaporia, Jennifer H Mieres, Elizabeth Ofili, Nanette K Wenger, C Noel Bairey Merz
The present review synthesizes evidence and discusses issues related to health care quality and equity for women, including minority population subgroups. The principle of "sameness" or women and men receiving equitable, high-quality care is a near-term target, but optimal population health cannot be achieved without consideration of the unique, gendered structural determinants of health and the development of unique care pathways optimized for women. The aim of this review is to promote enhanced awareness, develop critical thinking in sex and gender science, and identify strategic pathways to improve the cardiovascular health of women...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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