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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430978/culture-matters-indigenizing-patient-safety-in-bhutan
#1
Rinchen Pelzang, Megan-Jane Johnstone, Alison M Hutchinson
Studies show that if quality of healthcare in a country is to be achieved, due consideration must be given to the importance of the core cultural values as a critical factor in improving patient safety outcomes. The influence of Bhutan's traditional (core) cultural values on the attitudes and behaviours of healthcare professionals regarding patient care are not known. This study aimed to explore the possible influence of Bhutan's traditional cultural values on staff attitudes towards patient safety and quality care...
April 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429481/interdisciplinary-interface-between-fixed-prosthodontics-and-periodontics
#2
REVIEW
Jaafar Abduo, Karl M Lyons
Although periodontal factors do not usually have a direct effect on the survival of a fixed prosthesis, harmony between the prosthesis and the periodontium is critical otherwise esthetics, the longevity of the prosthesis and the periodontium will be compromised. A close interdisciplinary relationship between periodontics and prosthodontics is therefore necessary to avoid an unsatisfactory treatment outcome, requiring extensive and expensive retreatment. The design of the prosthesis, the number and quality of the abutment teeth, the preparation and the pontic, the occlusion and the material need to be considered when planning prosthodontic treatment...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424573/global-sensory-qualities-and-aesthetic-experience-in-music
#3
Pauli Brattico, Elvira Brattico, Peter Vuust
A well-known tradition in the study of visual aesthetics holds that the experience of visual beauty is grounded in global computational or statistical properties of the stimulus, for example, scale-invariant Fourier spectrum or self-similarity. Some approaches rely on neural mechanisms, such as efficient computation, processing fluency, or the responsiveness of the cells in the primary visual cortex. These proposals are united by the fact that the contributing factors are hypothesized to be global (i.e., they concern the percept as a whole), formal or non-conceptual (i...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420452/fathering-moderates-the-effects-of-maternal-depression-on-the-family-process
#4
Adam Vakrat, Yael Apter-Levy, Ruth Feldman
Maternal depression negatively impacts children's development, yet few studies have focused on fathering and the family process in cases of maternal depression. A community cohort of married/cohabitating women was recruited on the second postbirth day (N = 1,983) and maternal depression repeatedly assessed across the first year and again at 6 years to form two cohorts: mothers chronically depressed from birth to 6 (N = 46) and nondepressed controls (N = 103). At 6 years, mother-child, father-child, and family interactions were observed...
April 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418641/classics-in-chemical-neuroscience-ketamine
#5
Marshall W Tyler, Harmony B Yourish, Dawn F Ionescu, Stephen J Haggarty
Ketamine, a molecule of many faces, has contributed immeasurably to numerous realms of clinical practice and scientific inquiry. From anesthesia and analgesia to depression and schizophrenia, it continues to shed light on the molecular underpinnings of pain, consciousness, and the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric disorders. In particular, research on ketamine's mechanism of action is providing new hope in the search for therapies for treatment-resistant depression and affords insights into disorders of glutamatergic dysfunction...
April 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417899/synergistic-interaction-between-pseudocapacitive-fe3o4-nanoparticles-and-highly-porous-silicon-carbide-for-high-performance-electrodes-as-electrochemical-supercapacitors
#6
Myeongjin Kim, Jooheon Kim
Composites of micro- and mesoporous SiC flakes (SiCF) and ferroferric oxide (Fe3O4), SiCF/Fe3O4, were prepared via the chemical deposition of Fe3O4 on SiCF by the chemical reduction of an Fe precursor. The SiCF/Fe3O4 electrodes were fabricated at different Fe3O4 feeding ratios to determine the optimal Fe3O4 content that can maintain a high total surface area of SiCF/Fe3O4 composites as well as cause a vigorous redox reaction, thereby maximizing the synergistic effect between the electric double-layer capacitive effects of SiCF and the pseudo-capacitive effects of Fe3O4...
May 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412972/mammary-microbiota-of-dairy-ruminants-fact-or-fiction
#7
Pascal Rainard
Explorations of how the complex microbial communities that inhabit different body sites might contribute to health and disease have prompted research on the ways the harmonious relationship between a host and its microbiota could be used to keep animals healthy in their production conditions. In particular, there is a growing interest in the bacterial signatures that can be found in the milk of healthy or mastitic dairy cows. The concept of sterility of the healthy mammary gland of dairy ruminants has been challenged by the results of studies using bacterial DNA-based methodology...
April 17, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408893/bridging-the-gap-across-the-transition-to-coparenthood-triadic-interactions-and-coparenting-representations-from-pregnancy-through-12-months-postpartum
#8
Regina Kuersten-Hogan
Most family researchers agree that the coparenting relationship emerges some time during the transition to parenthood, though it is unclear whether it originates in pregnancy. Previous studies demonstrated that couples' positive representations of their future coparenting relationship and harmonious coparenting behaviors observed during prenatal triadic interactions predicted better postpartum functioning. However, previous studies did not simultaneously assess prenatal coparenting behaviors and representations as predictors of postpartum coparenting...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403224/hstlbo-a-hybrid-algorithm-based-on-harmony-search-and-teaching-learning-based-optimization-for-complex-high-dimensional-optimization-problems
#9
Shouheng Tuo, Longquan Yong, Fang'an Deng, Yanhai Li, Yong Lin, Qiuju Lu
Harmony Search (HS) and Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization (TLBO) as new swarm intelligent optimization algorithms have received much attention in recent years. Both of them have shown outstanding performance for solving NP-Hard optimization problems. However, they also suffer dramatic performance degradation for some complex high-dimensional optimization problems. Through a lot of experiments, we find that the HS and TLBO have strong complementarity each other. The HS has strong global exploration power but low convergence speed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392594/subsidiarity-restoring-a-sacred-harmony
#10
John W Kieffer
The principle of subsidiarity is a bastion of Catholic social teaching. It is also a principle in the philosophy of the American Founding Fathers. In the USA, subsidiarity is ignored without a sense of the proper harmony between authority and responsibility. Human dignity and wise stewardship are compromised. Conscience protection becomes a concerning issue as highlighted by the conflicts arising after passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. A reconnection of the patient to be steward of his health care is critical in addressing these issues...
February 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390445/peace-of-mind-academic-motivation-and-academic-achievement-in-filipino-high-school-students
#11
Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic motivation (i.e., amotivation, controlled motivation, and autonomous motivation) and academic achievement among 525 Filipino high school students. Findings revealed that PoM was positively associated with academic achievement β = ...
April 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388790/aesthetics-of-the-nasal-dorsum-proportions-light-and-shadow
#12
Natalie A Krane, Jeffrey D Markey, Lauren B Moneta, Michael M Kim
Due to its central location, the nose plays a prominent role in facial aesthetics. As tastes have shifted and techniques have advanced, the accepted "ideal" appearance and proportions of the nose have evolved over time. By assessing the aesthetics of the nasal dorsum through the use of lines and angles, one can more precisely elucidate a goal for the patient's postoperative nasal shape, which should, in turn, guide the surgeon to execute specific operative maneuvers needed to achieve that contour. In assessing the aesthetics of the nasal dorsum, practitioners calculate and observe aspects such as the paired dorsal aesthetic lines, the nasofrontal angle, and the nasofacial angle...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384975/perception-of-acceptable-range-of-smiles-by-specialists-general-dentists-and-lay-persons-and-evaluation-of-different-aesthetic-paradigms
#13
Mainak Kanti Saha, Margie Khatri, Suparna Ganguly Saha, Sandeep Dubey, Divya Saxena, Neelam Vijaywargiya, Shubham Kala
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important goals of restorative dentistry is to restore the patient's aesthetic. Smile analysis is subjective and it differs from person to person. An aesthetic smile involves a harmonious relationship between various parameters including the hard and soft tissues. AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the acceptable range of several smiles (alone and in conjunction with the face) by specialists, general dentists as well as lay persons; and to identify the values of different criteria i...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371690/a-protective-role-for-nitric-oxide-and-salicylic-acid-for-arsenite-phytotoxicity-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#14
Amit Pal Singh, Garima Dixit, Amit Kumar, Seema Mishra, Navin Kumar, Sameer Dixit, Pradyumna Kumar Singh, Sanjay Dwivedi, Prabodh Kumar Trivedi, Vivek Pandey, Om Prakash Dhankher, Gareth J Norton, Debasis Chakrabarty, Rudra Deo Tripathi
Nitric oxide (NO) and salicylic acid (SA) are important signaling molecules in plant system. In the present study both NO and SA showed a protective role against arsenite (As(III)) stress in rice plants when supplied exogenously. The application of NO and SA alleviated the negative impact of As(III) on plant growth. Nitric oxide supplementation to As(III) treated plants greatly decreased arsenic (As) accumulation in the roots as well as shoots/roots translocation factor. Arsenite exposure in plants decreased the endogenous levels of NO and SA...
February 24, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367385/defining-health-in-the-era-of-value-based-care-the-six-cs-of-health-and-healthcare
#15
REVIEW
Mark Warren
INTRODUCTION: While healthcare expenditure continues to increase overall health outcomes in the United States continue to be submarginal. The changes we make in our healthcare system need to be informed by a comprehensive and actionable definition of health that can unite patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers. METHODS: A literature review across multiple disciplines was conducted to assess a broad range of factors associated with health and well-being and based on this literature review a novel definition of health was developed...
February 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366883/girolamo-cardano-and-julius-caesar-scaliger-in-debate-about-nature-s-musical-secrets
#16
Jacomien Prins
This article examines the theories of the power of ancient music and the superiority of the sense of hearing proposed by Girolamo Cardano in his De subtilitate and Julius Caesar Scaliger's critique of these views in his Exercitationes exotericae de subtilitate. Despite Scaliger's rejection of Cardano's claim that he had successfully revealed the "subtle" nature of the sense of hearing and the innate harmony between music and the passions, both thinkers are shown to conduct their debate in one and the same inherited discourse in which new theories were shaped about music, what it does, or what it should do...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363802/sociocultural-factors-influencing-eating-practices-among-office-workers-in-urban-south-korea
#17
Sohyun Park, Eunju Sung, Yuni Choi, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Joel Gittelsohn
OBJECTIVE: To understand the sociocultural factors affecting the eating behaviors of South Korean employees. DESIGN: In-depth individual interviews. SETTING: Two metropolitan areas of South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen male and 9 female office workers. PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: The effects of sociocultural factors on office workers' eating behaviors. ANALYSIS: The researchers transcribed and analyzed audio-recorded interviews using thematic analysis...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361810/educational-action-in-the-rehabilitation-of-severe-acquired-brain-injuries-the-role-of-self-awareness
#18
Daniela Silvestro, Maria Mazzetti, Chiara Melia, Maria Teresa Stagno, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo, Umberto Bivona, Rita Formisano
Severe acquired brain injuries (ABI) cause a range of short-or long-term limitations in physical and neuropsychological abilities. The aim of rehabilitation is to promote the harmonious development of the individual through collaboration between medical and educational sciences, involved in the educability of the whole person, in which the aim is not only functional recovery but also social-reintegration. This "functional synergy" permits the development of the person, and establishes an indissoluble link between functions and attitudes, thus allowing the achievement of the greater possible autonomy...
January 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351523/quality-assessment-of-delineation-and-dose-planning-of-early-breast-cancer-patients-included-in-the-randomized-skagen-trial-1
#19
Giulio Francolini, Mette S Thomsen, Esben S Yates, Carine Kirkove, Ingelise Jensen, Egil S Blix, Claus Kamby, Mette H Nielsen, Mechthild Krause, Martin Berg, Ingvil Mjaaland, Andreas Schreiber, Unn-Miriam Kasti, Kristian Boye, Birgitte V Offersen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report on a Quality assessment (QA) of Skagen Trial 1, exploring hypofractionation for breast cancer patients with indication for regional nodal radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Deviations from protocol regarding target volume delineations and dose parameters (Dmin, Dmax, D98%, D95% and D2%) from randomly selected dose plans were assessed. Target volume delineation according to ESTRO guidelines was obtained through atlas based automated segmentation and centrally approved as gold standard (GS)...
March 25, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350662/neck-rejuvenation-through-the-lateral-platysma-window-a-key-component-of-face-lift-surgery
#20
Ronnie A Pezeshk, David A Sieber, Rod J Rohrich
Rejuvenating an aged face relies on maintaining facial harmony to provide optimal aesthetic results. Restoration of more youthful facial contours is dependent on blending the aesthetic facial topographic units. Many authors continue to debate the best approach for neck rejuvenation through a medial approach, a lateral approach, or a combination of the two. The authors present their approach to neck rejuvenation through medial platysma plication, inferior release, and lateral platysma window.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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