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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533666/comparison-of-imaging-based-and-pathological-dimensions-in-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#1
Salvatore Paiella, Harmony Impellizzeri, Elisabetta Zanolin, Giovanni Marchegiani, Marco Miotto, Anna Malpaga, Riccardo De Robertis, Mirko D'Onofrio, Borislav Rusev, Paola Capelli, Sara Cingarlini, Giovanni Butturini, Maria Vittoria Davì, Antonio Amodio, Claudio Bassi, Aldo Scarpa, Roberto Salvia, Luca Landoni
AIM: To establish the ability of magnetic resonance (MR) and computer tomography (CT) to predict pathologic dimensions of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNET) in a caseload of a tertiary referral center. METHODS: Patients submitted to surgery for PanNET at the Surgical Unit of the Pancreas Institute with at least 1 preoperative imaging examination (MR or CT scan) from January 2005 to December 2015 were included and data retrospectively collected. Exclusion criteria were: multifocal lesions, genetic syndromes, microadenomas or mixed tumors, metastatic disease and neoadjuvant therapy...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532198/provider-perceptions-on-hiv-risk-and-prevention-services-within-permanent-supportive-housing
#2
Suzanne L Wenzel, Benjamin Henwood, Taylor Harris, Hailey Winetrobe, Harmony Rhoades
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is an evidence-based solution to homelessness for persons experiencing chronic or long-term homelessness and one or more physical or behavioral health problems. Health services through PSH typically focus on physical and behavioral health. With the exception of programs specifically designed for persons living with HIV/AIDS, little attention has focused on services through PSH to prevent transmission of HIV or other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet sexual risk behavior continues after homeless persons move into PSH...
May 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525309/from-chaos-to-harmony-responses-and-signaling-upon-microbial-pattern-recognition
#3
Xiao Yu, Baomin Feng, Ping He, Libo Shan
Pathogen- or microbe-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs/MAMPs) are detected as nonself by host pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) and activate pattern-triggered immunity (PTI). Microbial invasions often trigger the production of host-derived endogenous signals referred to as dangeror damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which are also perceived by PRRs to modulate PTI responses. Collectively, PTI contributes to host defense against infections by a broad range of pathogens. Remarkable progress has been made toward demonstrating the cellular and physiological responses upon pattern recognition, elucidating the molecular, biochemical, and genetic mechanisms of PRR activation as well as dissecting the complex signaling networks that orchestrate PTI responses...
May 19, 2017: Annual Review of Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523082/three-dimensional-printing-custom-made-implants-for-craniomaxillofacial-reconstructive-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Mariana Matias, Horácio Zenha, Horácio Costa
Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery is a challenging field. First it aims to restore primary functions and second to preserve craniofacial anatomical features like symmetry and harmony. Three-dimensional (3D) printed biomodels have been widely adopted in medical fields by providing tactile feedback and a superior appreciation of visuospatial relationship between anatomical structures. Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery was one of the first areas to implement 3D printing technology in their practice...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522983/a-dynamical-model-of-pitch-memory-provides-an-improved-basis-for-implied-harmony-estimation
#5
Ji Chul Kim
Tonal melody can imply vertical harmony through a sequence of tones. Current methods for automatic chord estimation commonly use chroma-based features extracted from audio signals. However, the implied harmony of unaccompanied melodies can be difficult to estimate on the basis of chroma content in the presence of frequent nonchord tones. Here we present a novel approach to automatic chord estimation based on the human perception of pitch sequences. We use cohesion and inhibition between pitches in auditory short-term memory to differentiate chord tones and nonchord tones in tonal melodies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522608/altered-learning-memory-and-social-behavior-in-type-1-taste-receptor-subunit-3-knockout-mice-is-associated-with-neuronal-dysfunction
#6
Bronwen Martin, Rui Wang, Wei-Na Cong, Caitlin M Daimon, Wells W Wu, Bin Ni, Kevin G Becker, Elin Lehrmann, William H Wood, Yongqing Zhang, Harmonie Etienne, Jaana van Gastel, Abdelkrim Azmi, Jonathan Janssens, Stuart Maudsley
The type 1 taste receptor member 3 (T1R3) is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) involved in sweet taste perception. Besides the tongue, the T1R3 receptor is highly expressed in brain areas implicated in cognition, including the hippocampus and cortex. As cognitive decline is often preceded by significant metabolic or endocrinological dysfunctions, regulated by the sweet taste perception system, we hypothesized that a disruption of the sweet taste perception in the brain could have a key role in the development of cognitive dysfunction...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515838/passion-for-academics-and-problematic-health-behaviors
#7
Alexander T Bureau, Selen Razon, Bryan K Saville, Umit Tokac, Lawrence W Judge
According to the Dualistic Model of Passion (39), passion entails valuing, liking, and spending time on an activity. The Dualistic Model also posits two types of passion for activities: harmonious passion (individual voluntarily engages in the activity) and obsessive passion (individual is compelled to engage in the activity). The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible links between college students' passion for academic activities and problematic health behaviors including smoking, excessive drinking, exercise addiction, disordered eating, and sleepiness, which is a possible indicator of sleep deprivation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515028/augmentation-of-the-infraorbital-rim-in-orthognathic-surgery
#8
T Fattahi, S Salman, B Steinberg
Mid-face augmentation via a Le Fort I osteotomy is a commonly performed operation. Advancement of the upper jaw and associated structures (nose, lower cheek areas) can certainly improve function as well as facial aesthetics and harmony. Often, in patients with severe mid-face deficiency, hypoplasia of the maxilla extends all the way up to the infraorbital rims. The receding infraorbital rim contributes to the negative vector of the globes. In patients with this level of mid-face hypoplasia, while advancing the maxilla at the Le Fort I level satisfies all of the requirements for orthognathic surgery, the deficient infraorbital rim remains unchanged and can actually accentuate the negative vector of the globes...
May 14, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514948/demystification-of-animal-symmetry-symmetry-is-a-response-to-mechanical-forces
#9
Gábor Holló
ᅟ: Symmetry is an eye-catching feature of animal body plans, yet its causes are not well enough understood. The evolution of animal form is mainly due to changes in gene regulatory networks (GRNs). Based on theoretical considerations regarding fundamental GRN properties, it has recently been proposed that the animal genome, on large time scales, should be regarded as a system which can construct both the main symmetries - radial and bilateral - simultaneously; and that the expression of any of these depends on functional constraints...
May 17, 2017: Biology Direct
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507820/self-centeredness-and-selflessness-happiness-correlates-and-mediating-psychological-processes
#10
Michael Dambrun
The main objective of this research was to test central assumptions from the Self-centeredness/Selflessness Happiness Model. According to this model, while self-centered psychological functioning induces fluctuating happiness, authentic-durable happiness results from selflessness. Distinct mediating processes are supposed to account for these relationships: afflictive affects (e.g., anger, fear, jealousy, frustration) in the case of the former, and both emotional stability and feelings of harmony in the case of the latter...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505323/the-perception-of-spiritual-health-differences-between-citizens-and-physicians-in-the-czech-republic
#11
Ivo Jirásek, Emanuel Hurych
This paper focuses on a phenomenon known as spiritual health. Although the scientific literature defines the concept of this health component (in relation to other dimensions, i.e. physical, mental and social health), there is no agreement concerning its relation to religiousness. The aim of this research is to find out the views of citizens (n = 1810) and physicians (n = 1200) in the Czech Republic on the potential dimension of health in its spiritual mode, and on the understanding of its content by those who acknowledge its existence...
May 15, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493735/greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-development-of-a-measure-of-collectivism-among-asians
#12
P Priscilla Lui, David Rollock
OBJECTIVES: Collectivism can contextualize subjective cultural experiences, yet operationalization and measurement approaches for understanding this construct among Asians and Asian Americans have been discrepant. Inconsistency has resulted from diverse levels of analyses, unidimensional versus multidimensional approaches to organizing related subconstructs, and different degrees of cultural specificity of existing instruments. The Brief Collectivism Questionnaire (BCQ) was developed to address these limitations in assessing general collectivism in Asian cultures, while capturing its diverse attitudinal and behavioral manifestations, using a bifactor framework...
May 11, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489929/a-content-analysis-of-nature-photographs-taken-by-lebanese-rural-youth
#13
Miriam Mattouk, Salma N Talhouk
'Living in Harmony with Nature' is a 2050 vision put forth by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which takes into consideration culture and locality of perceptions of nature and aspirations for its use. Considering that 54% of the world population lives in cities, where nature has been decimated, the role of rural communities, living within or in proximity of natural and semi natural areas, will effectively influence the fate of the 'remaining' nature while they engage in local development. Reconciling between growth and development on the one hand, and nature conservation on the other, necessitates an understanding of how rural communities, especially the youth, imprint their own ideas on landscapes and develop ownership over natural spaces...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488471/meaning-in-life-and-physical-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Katarzyna Czekierda, Anna Banik, Crystal L Park, Aleksandra Luszczynska
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random effects models. Conceptualization of meaning (order in world vs purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants' health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-to-moderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0...
May 10, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484780/a-tetragonal-polymorph-of-srmn2p2-made-under-high-pressure-theory-and-experiment-in-harmony
#15
Weiwei Xie, Michał J Winiarski, Tomasz Klimczuk, R J Cava
Following the predictions of total energy calculations, a tetragonal SrMn2P2 phase is proposed and successfully formed under high pressure. At ambient pressure, SrMn2P2 adopts the primitive trigonal La2O3 structure type (space group P3[combining macron]m1). However, the results of total energy calculations indicate that SrMn2P2 should be more stable in the tetragonal ThCr2Si2 structure type (space group I4/mmm) than in its known trigonal structure, thus motivating our synthetic experiments. Guided by these calculations, a new tetragonal polymorph of SrMn2P2 was found under the relatively mild conditions of 5 GPa applied pressure at a temperature of 900 °C through the transformation of the ambient pressure trigonal form...
May 9, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471336/gender-differences-in-the-path-from-sexual-victimization-to-hiv-risk-behavior-among-homeless-youth
#16
Taylor Harris, Eric Rice, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, Suzanne Wenzel
Experiencing sexual victimization prior to becoming homeless is common among homeless youth and is associated with increased HIV risk behavior. This study examined mediating variables that underlie this association, adding to the understanding of gender differences in these paths. Participants were homeless youth in Los Angeles recruited through service access centers who completed a computerized self-administered interview in English or Spanish using an iPad. Findings indicate a high presence of sexual victimization across both genders...
April 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468570/evaluation-of-cobas-ampliprep-cobas-taqman-cmv-test-for-use-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#17
Poornima Ramanan, Raymund R Razonable
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common opportunistic infection that contributes to poor outcomes in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. Prevention of CMV end-organ disease in allogeneic HSCT recipients is commonly achieved by preemptive antiviral therapy of asymptomatic CMV reactivation that is detected by serial nucleic acid testing (NAT). However, there was no standardized CMV NAT until the development of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Standard. Areas covered: This article provides a comprehensive review on COBAS AmpliPrep/TaqMan (CAP/CTM) CMV assay (Roche) and emphasizes the limitations in the clinical use of CMV NAT in HSCT recipients...
May 4, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458805/the-tongue-mandible-hyoid-system
#18
Giuseppe Messina
The craniocervical-mandibular system works in harmony and allows different functional tasks as the postural control of the cervical region. This system is formed by the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles and ligaments connecting the temporomandibular joint and the cervical region. It has been seen to affect human posture, and many disorders of the temporomandibular joints may affect this functional arrangement. Notwithstanding this system considered as a functional arrangement, may offer various clinical explanations, it does not hold anatomical connections with the posterior region of the cranium, thus it should not be refered to as a craniocervical arrangement...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458381/using-films-and-television-shows-with-a-medical-theme-as-a-medium-to-accelerate-the-spread-of-medical-humanities
#19
Wenting Chen, Haihong Qian
People have more visual experiences than ever before, and the same is true for situations in medicine. More mature films and television shows with a medical theme have been available over the past 20 years. In mainland China, the TV series "Angel Heart" has generated a wave of universal concern since it truly depicts the work of health care workers and it reflects the sharp distinction between doctors and patients to a certain extent. Riding this wave, many medical documentaries like The Human World have also been launched in China and have garnered sizable audiences...
April 30, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458332/medical-humanities-play-an-important-role-in-improving-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#20
Fan Wang, Zhenzhen Song, Wen Zhang, Yawen Xiao
Doctors in China have been wounded or even killed in frequent violence as conflict between doctors and patients has intensified. China has had a massive dearth of medical students over the past decade and doctors are dissatisfied with conditions in their profession. Conditions in medicine are not conducive to medical reform. This paper notes that the main factors affecting the doctor-patient relationship are a lack of humanity in medicine, the predominance of techniques and technologies, and inappropriate administration of hospitals...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
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