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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#1
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450942/multivariate-analysis-of-cytokine-profiles-in-pregnancy-complications
#2
Fawaz Azizieh, Kamaludin Dingle, Raj Raghupathy, Kjell Johnson, Jacob VanderPlas, Ali Ansari
PROBLEM: The immunoregulation to tolerate the semiallogeneic fetus during pregnancy includes a harmonious dynamic balance between anti- and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Several earlier studies reported significantly different levels and/or ratios of several cytokines in complicated pregnancy as compared to normal pregnancy. However, as cytokines operate in networks with potentially complex interactions, it is also interesting to compare groups with multi-cytokine data sets, with multivariate analysis...
March 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449563/cinacalcet-mediated-activation-of-the-camkk%C3%AE-lkb1-ampk-pathway-attenuates-diabetic-nephropathy-in-db-db-mice-by-modulation-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#3
Ji Hee Lim, Hyung Wook Kim, Min Young Kim, Tae Woo Kim, Eun Nim Kim, Yaeni Kim, Sungjin Chung, Young Soo Kim, Bum Soon Choi, Yong-Soo Kim, Yoon Sik Chang, Hye Won Kim, Cheol Whee Park
Apoptosis and autophagy are harmoniously regulated biological processes for maintaining tissue homeostasis. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) functions as a metabolic sensor to coordinate cellular survival and function in various organs, including the kidney. We investigated the renoprotective effects of cinacalcet in high-glucose treated human glomerular endothelial cells (HGECs), murine podocytes and C57BLKS/J-db/db mice. In cultured HGECs and podocytes, cinacalcet decreased oxidative stress and apoptosis and increased autophagy that were attributed to the increment of intracellular Ca2+ concentration and the phosphorylation of Ca2+ /calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinaseβ (CaMKKβ)-Liver kinase B1 (LKB1)-AMPK and their downstream signals including the phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and increases in superoxide dismutases and B cell leukemia/lymphoma 2/BCL-2-associated X protein expression...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446808/private-public-partnership-a-solution-for-the-development-of-health-system-in-tunisia
#4
Jihen Jdidi, Yosra Mejdoub, Sourour Yaich, Houda Ben Ayed, Mondher Kassis, Habib Fki, Ines Ayadi, Jamel Damak
In a context of economic difficulties, the Tunisian government is required to find solutions to meet the expectations of the population. Health sector is one of the critical areas requiring radical reform. The objective of this paper is to find the place of public private partnership project in the harmonious development of both public and private sectors in Tunisia. Indeed, the Tunisian health system consists of two main sectors: the public sector, and the private sector, booming since the 90s. Tunisian infrastructure and staff resources distribution is characterised by a very significant regional disparity, to the detriment of the interior regions, which is more pronounced in the private sector...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436764/environmental-variation-shifts-the-relationship-between-trees-and-scatterhoarders-along-the-continuum-from-mutualism-to-antagonism
#5
Gina M Sawaya, Adam S Goldberg, Michael A Steele, Harmony J Dalgleish
The conditional mutualism between scatterhoarders and trees varies on a continuum from mutualism to antagonism and can change across time, space, and among species. We examined four tree species (red oak [Quercus rubra], white oak [Q. alba], American chestnut [Castanea dentata] and hybrid chestnut [C. dentata x C. mollissima) across five sites and three years to quantify the variability in this conditional mutualism. We used a published model to compare the rates of seed emergence with and without burial to the probability that seeds will be cached and left uneaten by scatterhoarders in order to quantify variation in the conditional mutualism that can be explained by environmental variation among sites, years, species, and seed provenance within species...
February 13, 2018: Integrative Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436746/learning-nature-recycable-monomers-and-polymers
#6
Xiao-Bing Lu, Ye Liu, Hui Zhou
Recycling processes (such as carbon, oxygen, nitrogen cycles etc.) occur each day as an essential character for nature. The managed ecosystems maintain the natural environment in a state of great harmony for millions years. In recent several decades, various polymers with long-term durability have been developed to be the most predominantly used materials and drastically change the lifestyle of our human beings. However, the tremendous growth of plastic debris with no or very low degradability over the past decades significantly affects the natural environment...
February 13, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432101/fast-mpeg-cdvs-encoder-with-gpu-cpu-hybrid-computing
#7
Ling-Yu Duan, Wei Sun, Xinfeng Zhang, Shiqi Wang, Jie Chen, Jianxiong Yin, Simon See, Tiejun Huang, Alex C Kot, Wen Gao
The compact descriptors for visual search (CDVS) standard from ISO/IEC moving pictures experts group has succeeded in enabling the interoperability for efficient and effective image retrieval by standardizing the bitstream syntax of compact feature descriptors. However, the intensive computation of a CDVS encoder unfortunately hinders its widely deployment in industry for large-scale visual search. In this paper, we revisit the merits of low complexity design of CDVS core techniques and present a very fast CDVS encoder by leveraging the massive parallel execution resources of graphics processing unit (GPU)...
May 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422724/effect-of-continuous-versus-intermittent-subglottic-suctioning-on-tracheal-mucosa-by-the-mallinckrodt-taperguard-evac-oral-tracheal-tube-in-intensive-care-unit-ventilated-patients-a-prospective-randomized-study
#8
Philippe Seguin, Harmonie Perrichet, Estelle Le Pabic, Yoann Launey, Marie Tiercin, Romain Corre, Graziella Brinchault, Bruno Laviolle
Background and Aims: A risk of tracheal mucosa injury induced by subglottic suctioning has been raised. Therefore, this prospective randomized study aims to compare the effect of continuous suctioning of subglottic secretions versus intermittent suctioning of subglottic secretions (CSSS vs. ISSS) secretions on tracheal mucosa in front of the suctioning port of the endotracheal tube. Patients and Methods: Patients requiring intubation or reintubation in Intensive Care Unit with an expected ventilation duration > 24 h were eligible...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410750/women-s-sleep-disorders-integrative-care
#9
Cristina Frange, Carolina Vicente Banzoli, Ana Elisa Colombo, Marcele Siegler, Glaury Coelho, Andréia Gomes Bezerra, Marcelo Csermak, Maria Fernanda Naufel, Cristiana Cesar-Netto, Monica Levy Andersen, Manoel João Batista Castelo Girão, Sergio Tufik, Helena Hachul
The integrative care model is rooted in a biopsychosocial approach. Integrative is a term which refers to increasing the harmony and coherence of your whole being, and integrative care is therefore focused on the person, not on either the disease or a therapy. It is provided collaboratively by a health team comprising physicians, psychologists, physiotherapists, acupuncturists, and meditation, nutrition, and floral therapy. Previous studies have demonstrated that interventions based on the integrative care model improved womens lifestyle and quality of life...
October 2017: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409105/surgical-approach-to-the-thick-nasolabial-folds-jowls-and-heavy-neck-how-to-approach-and-suspend-the-facial-ligaments
#10
Ozcan Cakmak, Ismet Emrah Emre, Berke Özücer
Patients with thick skin typically present with a redundant, baggy, lax skin envelope together with prominent nasolabial folds, jowls, and a heavy neck. Durable and natural-appearing rejuvenation is not possible unless the deformities are addressed adequately and harmoniously in these patients. Traditional superficial musculoaponeurotic system techniques do not include surgical release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments and repositioning of descendent malar fat pad, and may lead to an unbalanced, unnatural appearance and the lateral sweep phenomenon...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405591/cultural-factors-influencing-japanese-nurses-assertive-communication-part-1-collectivism
#11
Mieko Omura, Teresa E Stone, Tracy Levett-Jones
Culture influences the way health-care professionals communicate with each other and their ability to relate to colleagues in an assertive manner. Cultural barriers can also make it difficult for nurses to speak up even when they have concerns about patient safety. An understanding of the potential impact of cultural factors is therefore needed when developing assertiveness communication training programs. This paper presents the findings from a study that explored Japanese nurses' perceptions of how culture and values impact assertive communication in health care...
February 6, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402103/proposal-of-a-new-public-health-end-of-life-approach-for-brazil-how-the-project-estaraoseulado-primary-palliative-care-is-working-and-how-it-can-help
#12
Santiago Corrêa
Brazil has 206 million people, and 1.2 million deaths and 600,000 new cases of cancer per year. Palliative Care services are patchily distributed. The Family Health Strategy, made up from 41,000 primary care teams across Brazil forms a comprehensive primary care network. The Project EstaraoSeuLado-Primary Palliative Care developed working from Community Centers. We created a model based on compassionate communities, with community carers working alongside primary care teams. We identified people who need palliative care, gave them specific care and enrolled their carers into a program of monthly meetings called "Comunidade Cuidador"...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400479/temperamental-workers-psychology-business-and-the-humm-wadsworth-temperament-scale-in-interwar-america
#13
Kira Lussier
This article traces the history of a popular interwar psychological test, the Humm-Wadsworth Temperament Scale (HWTS), from its development in the early 1930s to its adoption by corporate personnel departments. In popular articles, trade magazines, and academic journals, industrial psychologist Doncaster Humm and personnel manager Guy Wadsworth trumpeted their scale as a scientific measure of temperament that could ensure efficient hiring practices and harmonious labor relations by screening out "problem employees" and screening for temperamentally "normal" workers...
February 5, 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399272/parent-adolescent-relationships-among-chinese-immigrant-families-an-indigenous-concept-of-qin
#14
Chunxia Wu, Ruth K Chao
This study investigated cultural meanings of positive Chinese parent-child relationships through exploration of an indigenous concept, qin, as experienced by Chinese American adolescents of immigrant parents. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15, first- and second-generation Chinese American high school students of immigrant parents, focusing on adolescents' descriptions of the meaning of qin and parental behaviors that foster this quality. According to the Chinese American adolescents who were interviewed, being qin with parents was characterized as closeness to parents and a general sense of togetherness and harmony; showing parents their love through respect, obedience, academic effort, and appreciation; and open communication with the parents particularly about school...
December 2017: Asian American Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396616/the-hidden-therapist-evidence-for-a-central-role-of-music-in-psychedelic-therapy
#15
Mendel Kaelen, Bruna Giribaldi, Jordan Raine, Lisa Evans, Christopher Timmerman, Natalie Rodriguez, Leor Roseman, Amanda Feilding, David Nutt, Robin Carhart-Harris
RATIONALE: Recent studies have supported the safety and efficacy of psychedelic therapy for mood disorders and addiction. Music is considered an important component in the treatment model, but little empirical research has been done to examine the magnitude and nature of its therapeutic role. OBJECTIVES: The present study assessed the influence of music on the acute experience and clinical outcomes of psychedelic therapy. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews inquired about the different ways in which music influenced the experience of 19 patients undergoing psychedelic therapy with psilocybin for treatment-resistant depression...
February 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382623/improving-refill-adherence-in-medicare-patients-with-tailored-and-interactive-mobile-text-messaging-pilot-study
#16
Rena Brar Prayaga, Erwin W Jeong, Erin Feger, Harmony K Noble, Magdalen Kmiec, Ram S Prayaga
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence is a major concern in the management of chronic conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes where patients may discontinue or interrupt their medication for a variety of reasons. Text message reminders have been used to improve adherence. However, few programs or studies have explored the benefits of text messaging with older populations and at scale. In this paper, we present a program design using tailored and interactive text messaging to improve refill rates of partially adherent or nonadherent Medicare members of a large integrated health plan...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382523/-cultural-order-disease-and-health-care
#17
REVIEW
Leonardo Viniegra-Velázquez
With the appearance of Homo sapiens, the biological order was gradually replaced by the anthropocentric cultural order (CO), in which traditions, appreciations, preferences and desires for possession and domination guided their interactions with nature (predation or care), within the group (ranks, classes) and with others groups (commerce, wars). Current CO, characterized by unlimited profit interests, extreme wealth concentration and inequality where moral degradation hits rock bottom and planetary ecosystem is devastated, shows a collapsed civilization with a background of a global media controlled anesthetized societies...
November 2017: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382228/primary-fibroblasts-derived-from-sporadic-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-do-not-show-als-cytological-lesions
#18
Philippe Codron, Julien Cassereau, Patrick Vourc'h, Charlotte Veyrat-Durebex, Hélène Blasco, Selma Kane, Vincent Procaccio, Franck Letournel, Christophe Verny, Guy Lenears, Pascal Reynier, Arnaud Chevrollier
OBJECTIVE: Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder affecting upper and lower motor neurons. In view of the heterogeneous presentation of the disease, one of the current challenges is to identify diagnostic and prognostic markers in order to diagnose sALS at early stage and to stratify patients in trials. In this study, we sought to identify cytological hallmarks of sALS in patient-derived fibroblasts with the aim of finding new clinical-related markers of the disease...
January 31, 2018: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382174/exploring-the-impacts-of-housing-condition-on-migrants-mental-health-in-nanxiang-shanghai-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#19
Yang Xiao, Siyu Miao, Chinmoy Sarkar, Huizhi Geng, Yi Lu
Although rapid urbanization and associated rural-to-urban migration has brought in enormous economic benefits in Chinese cities, one of the negative externalities include adverse effects upon the migrant workers' mental health. The links between housing conditions and mental health are well-established in healthy city and community planning scholarship. Nonetheless, there has thusfar been no Chinese study deciphering the links between housing conditions and mental health accounting for macro-level community environments, and no study has previously examined the nature of the relationships in locals and migrants...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380023/comparison-of-facial-proportions-between-beauty-pageant-contestants-and-ordinary-young-women-of-korean-ethnicity-a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis
#20
Sung-Chan Kim, Hyung Bae Kim, Woo Shik Jeong, Kyung S Koh, Chang Hun Huh, Hee Jin Kim, Woo Shun Lee, Jong Woo Choi
BACKGROUND: Although the harmony of facial proportions is traditionally perceived as an important element of facial attractiveness, there have been few objective studies that have investigated this esthetic balance using three-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. OBJECTIVES: To better understand why some women appear more beautiful, we investigated differences in facial proportions between beauty pageant contestants and ordinary young women of Korean ethnicity using three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetric analyses...
January 29, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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