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Stefan Nygård, Johan Strang
This article addresses the role of asymmetry in the interaction between intellectual fields in Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. By focusing on the spatial and temporal hierarchies implicit in the ways intellectuals from the Nordic countries perceived and made use of marginality and backwardness, the article brings a peripheral perspective to the discussion of transnational intellectual history. This is important as the discussion on transnational history tends to stress notions like reciprocity and hybridity, which reproduce the ideal of a borderless and equal republic of letters, and paints a too harmonious picture of global cultural space...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
José L Chamorro, Miquel Torregrosa, David Sánchez Oliva, Tomás García Calvo, Benito León
Within the context of the transition from junior-to-senior sport, this study aims in first place to explore differences in young Spanish elite soccer players based on the importance given to getting different achievements in their future (including sport, studies and private life) and, in second place, to explore differences among those players in levels of passion, motivation and basic psychological need. 478 elite youth soccer filled out a questionnaire based on the presented theoretical models. A cluster analysis shows a sport oriented group (N = 98) only interested in becoming a professional, a life spheres balance group (N = 288) characterized by balancing the importance of achievements in the sport sphere, as well as in education and a private life and a group (N = 91) only interested in private life achievements...
October 20, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Juan Augusto Hernández, Marissa Lepe, Rafael Macedo, Victalina Arredondo, Carlos Eliseo Cortez, Luis Jorge García, Omar Prado
A study was conducted with the objective to characterize the morphology of Socorro Island Merino sheep. A total of 67 sheep, 62 females, 26 purebred and 36 crossbred with hair breeds, and five males were scored for 10 body measurements in addition to live weight, and four racial and seven functional indices were calculated. The influence of sex and crossbreeding on the body measurements and indices was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, and morphological harmony was determined using Spearman correlation...
October 19, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
C Michael White, Elaine Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: To review the limitations of current antiarrhythmic drugs in atrial fibrillation (AF) and discuss the rationale and clinical trials supporting the use of ranolazine in AF. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched from 1980 to September 2016 using the terms ranolazine, atrial fibrillation, coronary artery bypass grafting, and valve surgery STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: English-language studies and reviews assessing antiarrhythmic drugs, including ranolazine, were incorporated...
October 6, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Tito M Marianetti, Armando Boccieri, Michele Pascali
: The importance of analysis of the nasal spine should not be underestimated in the correct planning of rhinoplasty. Deformations in position with respect to the midline and/or in size are often present, and their correction to ensure harmony between the spine and the other components of the nasal pyramid constitutes a key step in rhinoplasty that can lead to excellent results. METHODS: The study includes 160 patients who underwent surgical treatment of the anterior nasal spine with or without other techniques of nasal reshaping...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Neil Poulter, Aisha Anjum, Mary Cross, Emanuela Falaschetti, Christos Savopoulos, Ilias Kanellos, Matyas Szigeti, Simon Thom, Apostolos Hatzitolios
OBJECTIVE: Some data suggest that nocturnal rather than daytime dosing of antihypertensive agents may have beneficial effects on consequent cardiovascular outcomes. This trial was designed to evaluate whether ABPM levels differ by timing of drug dosing, as a possible explanation for these observations. DESIGN AND METHOD: 103 male or female patients aged 18-80 years with "controlled" hypertension (≤150/≤90 mmHg) for at least three months on stable therapy of ≥1 antihypertensive agent were recruited from two centres; London and Thessaloniki...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Philip B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
While the words "fit" and "healthy" are often used synonymously in everyday language, the terms have entirely separate meanings. Fitness describes the ability to perform a given exercise task, and health explains a person's state of well-being, where physiological systems work in harmony. Although we typically view athletes as fit and healthy, they often are not. The global term we place on unhealthy athletes is the overtraining syndrome. In this current opinion, we propose that two primary drivers may contribute to the development of the overtraining syndrome, namely high training intensity and the modern-day highly processed, high glycemic diet...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Paul P Lin, Lewis Claman, Hua-Hong Chien
The success of dental implant therapy in the esthetic zone requires not only functional osseointegration but also favorable esthetic results. The greatest challenge in the esthetic zone is to establish harmony, balance, and continuity of gingival form between implant restorations and the adjacent natural teeth. In the esthetic zone, a localized ridge defect or loss of a peri-implant papilla is common and can be corrected via soft tissue augmentation. This case report describes a novel surgical technique using connective tissue grafts via an apical pouch to increase soft tissue volume over an alveolar ridge defect or around natural teeth or implants in the maxillary anterior area...
November 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Funda Sari, Ayca Inci, Suleyman Dolu, Hamit Yasar Ellidag, Ramazan Cetinkaya, Fettah Fevzi Ersoy
This study aims to determine fibroblast growth factor-23 and soluble α-Klotho levels in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. A total of 76 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and 32 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Serum fibroblast growth factor-23 and soluble α-Klotho levels were measured with ELISA kits. Parathyroid hormone, phosphate, calcium, creatinine, 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels, urinary protein to creatinine ratio and estimated glomerular filtration rate were also measured or calculated...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Alisia G T T Tran, Jeffrey S Mintert, Gilbert B Jew
This article utilizes moderated mediation analyses to explore whether the relations between parental ethnic-racial socialization (PERS) dimensions and social attitudes differ across ethnic-racial minority (n = 128) and White (n = 131) college-going emerging adults. We examined social dominance orientation (SDO) as an index of antiegalitarian intergroup attitudes and attitudes toward interpersonal harmony as an index of interpersonal attitudes. We tested whether there were ethnic-racial variations in mediation models in which each type of PERS dimension was expected to be linked to greater antiegalitarian attitudes (greater SDO), which, in turn, was predicted to be associated with less prosocial attitudes (lower harmony enhancement)...
August 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Abhay Kolte, Rajashri Kolte, Girish Bodhare
BACKGROUND: The presence of an interproximal gingival (central) papilla is of prime importance and an essential component of a harmonious and pleasing smile. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the presence of a central papilla and embrasure and crown morphology. METHODS: The study was conducted on 200 periodontally healthy patients. Parameters such a central papilla presence, gingival thickness, crown length, crown width, contact surface, radiographic assessment of bone crest to contact point (BC-CP), and interdental width (IDW) in maxillary central incisor embrasure morphology were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Juan Gómez Rivas, Moises Rodríguez Socarrás, Leonardo Tortolero Blanco
INTRODUCTION: Social Media (SoMe) includes a broad spectrum of public use platforms like Twitter, YouTube or Facebook that have changed the way humans interact and communicate. Considering the high usage rates for various SoMe platforms among urologists, we aimed to perform a review regarding opportunities, applications, appropriate use and new horizons of SoMe in urology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS: We are currently experiencing an explosion in the use of SoMe in healthcare and urology due to the clear offer of advantages in communication, information sharing, enhanced experience of meetings and conferences, as well as, for networking...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
François Simon, Charlotte Celerier, Erea-Noël Garabedian, Françoise Denoyelle
OBJECTIVE: Cryptotia is one of the most common malformations of the upper auricle with aesthetic and functional consequences, however there is no standard treatment. We present the surgical technique and results of a kite flap procedure which can be used in the different cryptotia subtypes. METHODS: We reviewed all patients treated in our department from 2010 to 2015, using a mastoid fascia kite flap technique. The incision of this local flap follows the retro-auricular sulcus along the rim of the helix superiorly and drawing a skin paddle inferiorly...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Eyituoyo Okoturo
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular defect reconstruction is extremely important to achieving an improved quality of life of patients as this bony defect influences facial harmony and aesthetics. Reconstruction of mandibular defects at our centre comprises use of reconstruction plate, non-vascularised anterior iliac crest graft and vascularised fibula flap. Despite the large mandibular defect recorded in our developing environment, non-vascularised iliac crest graft continues to play a role in its exclusive use for lateral mandibular defects...
October 10, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yvette Lahbib-Mansais, Harmonie Barasc, Maria Marti-Marimon, Florence Mompart, Eddie Iannuccelli, David Robelin, Juliette Riquet, Martine Yerle-Bouissou
BACKGROUND: To explore the relationship between spatial genome organization and gene expression in the interphase nucleus, we used a genomic imprinting model, which offers parental-specific gene expression. Using 3D FISH in porcine fetal liver cells, we compared the nuclear organization of the two parental alleles (expressed or not) of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), a paternally imprinted gene located on chromosome 2. We investigated whether its nuclear positioning favors specific locus associations...
October 1, 2016: BMC Cell Biology
Atma M Ivancevic, R Daniel Kortschak, Terry Bertozzi, David L Adelson
LINE-1 (L1) retrotransposons are dynamic elements. They have the potential to cause great genomic change because of their ability to 'jump' around the genome and amplify themselves, resulting in the duplication and rearrangement of regulatory DNA. Active L1, in particular, are often thought of as tightly constrained, homologous and ubiquitous elements with well-characterised domain organisation. For the past 30 years, model organisms have been used to define L1s as 6-8kb sequences containing a 5'-UTR, two open reading frames working harmoniously in cis, and a 3'-UTR with a polyA tail...
October 3, 2016: Genome Biology and Evolution
Carmenlita Chief, Samantha Sabo, Hershel Clark, Patricia Nez Henderson, Alfred Yazzie, Jacqueline Nahee, Scott J Leischow
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous worldviews and research approaches are fundamental to make meaning of complex health issues and increase the likelihood of identifying existing cultural protective factors that have contributed to the resilience and survival of Indigenous people worldwide. OBJECTIVE: We describe the process for applying the Diné (Navajo) paradigm of Są'áh Naagháí Bik'eh Hózhóó (SNBH), a belief system that guides harmonious living, and demonstrate how the application of SNBH enhances understanding of Navajo principles for well-being...
October 2016: Tobacco Control
Barış Çakır, İsmail Küçüker, İbrahim Alper Aksakal, Hacı Ömer Sağır
BACKGROUND: There are many variables that influence nose tip harmony. Even in a rhinoplasty that appears successful in profile, one may see nostril asymmetries, alar retractions, or irregularities in the soft triangle, and patients express their dissatisfaction with these simple deformities. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we define the ratio of caudal and cephalic excess of the lower lateral cartilage. We evaluate whether it is possible to eliminate nostril asymmetries and alar retractions by means of supporting the facet polygon with the help of a lower lateral cartilage auto-rim flap, a technique we have developed in our rhinoplasties...
September 30, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Carlos Alberto Cardona
This paper examines the methodology used by Kepler to discover a quantitative law of refraction. The aim is to argue that this methodology follows a heuristic method based on the following two Pythagorean principles: (1) sameness is made known by sameness, and (2) harmony arises from establishing a limit to what is unlimited. We will analyse some of the author's proposed analogies to find the aforementioned law and argue that the investigation's heuristic pursues such principles.
October 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Holly Graham, Stephanie Martin
BACKGROUND: There are unequivocal health disparities, both physical and mental, between the Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples of Canada. METHODS: Utilizing narrative inquiry, 15 néhiyawak (Plains Cree people) between 18 and 71 years of age from Thunderchild First Nation were interviewed to explore what improved their mental health and well-being and what they needed to attain optimal mental health and well-being. By posing questions that focused on the positive, the strengths and resilience of the néhiyawak came to the forefront...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
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