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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316943/mandibular-canine-transmigration-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Mandeep K Bhullar, Isha Aggarwal, Rashmi Verma, Amandeep S Uppal
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Transmigration is a rare phenomenon seen almost exclusively in the mandibular canines. The aim of the present study is to review transmigration phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Appropriate guidelines for a systematic review were followed. The time period selected for the present systematic review was 2001-2016. The studies were selected from various electronic databases on the basis of their title, study, design, keywords, and abstracts. A total of 150 citations were searched initially, and after proper screening, 59 relevant articles were included...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302018/harmony-search-as-a-powerful-tool-for-feature-selection-in-qspr-study-of-the-drugs-lipophilicity
#2
Behnoosh Bahadori, Morteza Atabati
Lipophilicity represents one of the most studied and most frequently used fundamental physicochemical properties. In the present work harmony search (HS) algorithm is suggested to feature selection in quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) modeling to predict lipophilicity of neutral, acidic, basic and amphotheric drugs that were determined by UHPLC. Harmony search is a music-based metaheuristic optimization algorithm. It was affected by the observation that the aim of music is to search for a perfect state of harmony...
March 15, 2017: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300293/coronary-artery-calcification-is-common-on-nongated-chest-computed-tomography-imaging
#3
Revathi Balakrishnan, Brian Nguyen, Roy Raad, Robert Donnino, David P Naidich, Jill E Jacobs, Harmony R Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification as assessed by computed tomography (CT) is a validated predictor of cardiovascular risk, whether identified on a dedicated cardiac study or on a routine non-gated chest CT. The prevalence of incidentally detected coronary artery calcification on non-gated chest CT imaging and consistency of reporting have not been well characterized. HYPOTHESIS: Coronary calcification is present on chest CT in some patients not taking statin therapy and may be under-reported...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299723/mold-and-human-health-a-reality-check
#4
REVIEW
Andrea T Borchers, Christopher Chang, M Eric Gershwin
There are possibly millions of mold species on earth. The vast majority of these mold spores live in harmony with humans, rarely causing disease. The rare species that does cause disease does so by triggering allergies or asthma, or may be involved in hypersensitivity diseases such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis or allergic fungal sinusitis. Other hypersensitivity diseases include those related to occupational or domiciliary exposures to certain mold species, as in the case of Pigeon Breeder's disease, Farmer's lung, or humidifier fever...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299591/dealing-with-the-other-between-the-ethical-and-the-moral-albinism-on-the-african-continent
#5
Elvis Imafidon
Albinism is a global public health issue but it assumes a peculiar nature in the African continent due, in part, to the social stigma faced by persons with albinism (PWAs) in Africa. I argue that there are two essential reasons for this precarious situation. First, in the African consciousness, albinism is an alterity or otherness. The PWA in Africa is not merely a physical other but also an ontological other in the African community of beings, which provides a hermeneutic for the stigmatising separateness or difference of the PWA...
March 15, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287929/beliefs-about-sexual-activity-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
Meireluci Costa Ribeiro, Marco de Tubino Scanavino, Maria Luiza Sant'Ana do Amaral, Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta, Maria Regina Torloni
The aim of this review is to present the beliefs related to sexual activity during pregnancy. We identified 13 studies (3122 participants). The main positive beliefs about sex in pregnancy were that it makes labor easier, promotes marital harmony, prevents infidelity and improves fetal well-being. Negative beliefs were more frequent; they were that sex could harm the unborn child (cause injuries, miscarriage or fetal infection) and endanger the pregnancy or maternal health (cause membrane rupture, bleeding, preterm labor and maternal infection)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284167/albiglutide-for-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-integrated-safety-analysis-of-the-harmony-phase-3-trials
#7
Bo Ahrén, Molly C Carr, Karen Murphy, Christopher Perkins, Marc Rendell, Jason Mallory, Timothy Wilson, Susan Johnson
AIMS: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) stimulate the incretin system and lower glycaemic parameters in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This analysis of clinical studies of up to 3years evaluated the safety of albiglutide, a GLP-1 RA, in people with T2DM. METHODS: Integrated safety analysis included seven phase-3 T2DM studies of albiglutide compared with placebo and/or active comparators (a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, GLP-1 RA, insulin, sulphonylurea, and thiazolidinedione)...
February 20, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283931/spiritual-health-a-concept-analysis
#8
Azita Jaberi, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Spiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, 1995) concept analysis method was used in this study...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281070/taking-climate-land-use-and-social-economy-into-estimation-of-carbon-budget-in-the-guanzhong-tianshui-economic-region-of-china
#9
Ting Li, Jing Li, Zixiang Zhou, Yanze Wang, Xiaonan Yang, Keyu Qin, Jingya Liu
Carbon sequestration is an indispensable ecosystem service provided by soil and vegetation, so mapping and valuing the carbon budget by considering both ecological and social factors is an important trend in evaluating ecosystem services. In this work, we established multiple scenarios to evaluate the impacts of land use change, population growth, carbon emission per capita, and carbon markets on carbon budget. We quantified carbon sinks (aboveground and belowground) under different scenarios, using the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) model and an improved carbon cycle process model, and studied carbon sources caused by human activities by analyzing the spatial distribution of human population and carbon emission per capita...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278190/sickness-behavior-in-feverish-children-is-independent-of-the-severity-of-fever-an-observational-multicenter-study
#10
François Corrard, Christian Copin, Alain Wollner, Annie Elbez, Véronique Derkx, Stéphane Bechet, Corinne Levy, Michel Boucherat, Robert Cohen
BACKGROUND. OBJECTIVES: Behavioral changes in a febrile child are usually considered to stem from the fever. We studied sickness behavior (SB) in terms of its clinical components and its relation to fever. METHODS: This observational, multicenter study included children aged 6 months to 3 years who were either febrile (fever ≥12 hours, ≥ 39°C and ≥38°C at inclusion) or non-febrile and well. The child had to have been awake for the 2 hours preceding the consultation and cared for by the parent who brought him/her to the doctor...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277386/principal-radiographic-characteristics-for-cervical-spinal-deformity-a-health-related-quality-of-life-analysis
#11
Hongda Bao, Jeffrey Varghese, Renaud Lafage, Barthelemy Liabaud, Bassel Diebo, Subaraman Ramchandran, Louis Day, Cyrus Jalai, Dana Cruz, Thomas Errico, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Peter Passias, Aaron Buckland, Yong Qiu, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVE:: To propose radiographic characteristics of patients with cervical disability and to investigate the relevant parameters when assessing cervical alignment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although cervical kyphosis is traditionally recognized as presentation of cervical deformity, an increasing number of studies demonstrated that cervical kyphosis may not equal cervical deformity. Therefore, several other differentiating criteria for cervical deformity should be investigated and supported with quality of life scores...
March 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274068/sectional-impressions-and-every-other-tooth-technique-in-fpd
#12
Swathi Sudhapalli
Gingival displacement procedure is an important component of fixed prosthodontics. It helps in delivery of the impression material subgingivally to record the finish line as well as the tooth contour apical to it, so as to produce restorations with closely adapted margins in harmony with the tooth anatomy and gingiva. While displacing gingiva with retraction cords, the health of the tissues must be maintained. In case of multiple anterior tooth preparations with close root proximity, placing the retraction cord simultaneously around all teeth will result in strangulation of interdental papillae...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271707/highly-simplified-tandem-organic-light-emitting-devices-incorporating-a-green-phosphorescence-ultrathin-emitter-within-a-novel-interface-exciplex-for-high-efficiency
#13
Ting Xu, Jun-Gui Zhou, Chen-Chao Huang, Lei Zhang, Man-Keung Fung, Imran Murtaza, Hong Meng, Liang-Sheng Liao
Herein we report a novel design philosophy of tandem OLEDs incorporating a doping-free green phosphorescent bis[2-(2-pyridinyl-N)phenyl-C](acetylacetonato)iridium(III) (Ir(ppy)2(acac)) as an ultrathin emissive layer (UEML) into a novel interface-exciplex-forming structure of 1,1-bis[(di-4-tolylamino)phenyl]cyclohexane (TAPC) and 1,3,5-tri(p-pyrid-3-yl-phenyl)benzene (TmPyPB). Particularly, relatively low working voltage and remarkable efficiency are achieved and the designed tandem OLEDs exhibit a peak current efficiency of 135...
March 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265245/passion-and-pacing-in-endurance-performance
#14
Lieke Schiphof-Godart, Florentina J Hettinga
Endurance sports are booming, with sports passionates of varying skills and expertise battering city streets and back roads on their weekly or daily exercise rounds. The investments required for performing in endurance exercise are nevertheless considerable, and passion for their sport might explain the efforts endurance athletes are willing to make. Passion may be defined as a strong motivational force and as such might be related to the neurophysiological basis underlying the drive to exercise. A complex relationship between the brain and other systems is responsible for athletes' exercise behavior and thus performance in sports...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261688/in-situ-xps-monitoring-and-characterization-of-electrochemically-prepared-au-nanoparticles-in-an-ionic-liquid
#15
Merve T Camci, Burak Ulgut, Coskun Kocabas, Sefik Suzer
Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) have been electrochemically prepared in situ and in vacuo using two different electrochemical device configurations, containing an ionic liquid (IL), N-N-diethyl-N-methyl-N-(2-methoxyethyl)ammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, that serves both as reaction and as stabilizing media for the NPs. It was observed in both devices that Au NPs were created using an anodically triggered route. The created Au NPs are relatively small (3-7 nm) and reside within the IL medium. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is utilized to follow not only the formation of the NPs but also their charging/discharging properties, by monitoring the charging shifts of the Au4f peak representing the electrodes and also the Au NPs as well as the F1s peak of the IL after polarizing one of the electrodes...
February 28, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260693/genomic-deletion-of-git2-induces-a-premature-age-related-thymic-dysfunction-and-systemic-immune-system-disruption
#16
Sana Siddiqui, Ana Lustig, Arnell Carter, Mathavi Sankar, Caitlin M Daimon, Richard T Premont, Harmonie Etienne, Jaana van Gastel, Abdelkrim Azmi, Jonathan Janssens, Kevin G Becker, Yongqing Zhang, William Wood, Elin Lehrmann, James G Martin, Bronwen Martin, Dennis D Taub, Stuart Maudsley
Recent research has proposed that GIT2 (G protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein 2) acts as an integrator of the aging process through regulation of 'neurometabolic' integrity. One of the commonly accepted hallmarks of the aging process is thymic involution. At a relatively young age, 12 months old, GIT2(-/-) mice present a prematurely distorted thymic structure and dysfunction compared to age-matched 12 month-old wild-type control (C57BL/6) mice. Disruption of thymic structure in GIT2(-/-) (GIT2KO) mice was associated with a significant reduction in the expression of the cortical thymic marker, Troma-I (cytokeratin 8)...
March 4, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260645/effect-of-drug-precursors-and-chemicals-relevant-to-clandestine-laboratory-investigation-on-plastic-bags-used-for-collection-and-storage
#17
Harmonie Michelot, Shanlin Fu, Barbara Stuart, Ronald Shimmon, Tony Raymond, Tony Crandell, Claude Roux
In the area of clandestine laboratory investigations, plastic bags are used to collect and store evidence, such as solvents, precursors, and other compounds usually employed for the manufacturing of drugs (although liquids may be stored in glass containers within the bags first). In this study, three different types of plastic bags were provided by the NSW Police Force and investigated for their suitability for evidence collection: two different types of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) bags and one type of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bag...
March 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257225/dental-space-deficiency-syndrome-an-anthropological-perspective
#18
Colin S Richman
A new syndrome in dentistry, the dental space deficiency syndrome is proposed in this article. Signs and symptoms of this entity may include one or more of the following clinical dental features: tooth crowding, gingival recession, tooth impactions, rapid resorption of facial alveolar bony plates following premature tooth loss, dentally oriented sleep disorders, extended orthodontic treatment time, and malocclusion relapse following orthodontic therapy. These oral conditions, individually or collectively, seem to be associated with both genetic and functional factors...
March 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249742/an-insight-into-the-evolutionary-history-of-human-mhc-paralogon
#19
Roheena Naz, Sadaf Tahir, Amir Ali Abbasi
The vertebrate genome contains several closely spaced sets of paralogous genes from distinct gene families on typically two, three or four different chromosomes (paralogons). These four fold paralogy regions have been considered as historical remnants of whole genome duplication events (WGDs/2R hypothesis). To examine the 2R hypothesis, a robust phylogenetic analysis of 40 multigene families with triplicated or quadruplicated distribution on human MHC bearing chromosomes (1/6/9/19) was conducted. Topology comparison approach categorized the members of 40 families into six distinct co-duplicated groups...
February 27, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244657/nursing-home-staff-members-subjective-frames-of-reference-on-residents-achievement-of-ego-integrity-a-q-methodology-study
#20
Sun-Young Lim, Sung-Ok Chang
AIM: To discover the structure of the frames of reference for nursing home staff members' subjective judgment of residents' achievement of ego integrity. METHODS: Q-methodology was applied. Twenty-eight staff members who were working in a nursing home sorted 34 Q-statements into the shape of a normal distribution. RESULTS: A centroid factor analysis and varimax rotation, using the PQ-method program, revealed four factors: identifying clues to residents' positive acceptance of their whole life span, identifying residents' ways of enjoying their current life, referencing residents' attitudes and competencies toward harmonious relationships, and identifying residents' integrated efforts to establish self-esteem...
February 28, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
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