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Infectious Diseases Guidelines

M Margariti, M Hadjulis, M Lazaridou, G F Angelidis, V Fotopoulos, L Markaki, F Koulouri
Schizophrenia is one of the most disabling disorders globally, with a significant impact on the professional, social and personal functioning of those affected. Mortality rates are estimated to be 2-2.5 times greater than in the general population attributable to not only suicide but also physical illnesses, such as cardiovascular, metabolic and infectious diseases. Patients with schizophrenia have increased needs for health services which vary according to the stage of the illness and the way the disorder affects the patient...
April 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Andrew R Peterson, Emma Nash, B J Anderson
CONTEXT: Infections are common in contact sports. This review aims to describe the epidemiology, presenting signs and symptoms, treatment guidelines, and regulations for several common infections seen in contact sport athletes. The conditions discussed include bacterial skin infections, herpes simplex virus, molluscum contagiosum, common warts, tinea, scabies, head lice, conjunctivitis, human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, and vaccine-preventable illnesses. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Searches were performed across PubMed and MEDLINE research databases...
August 14, 2018: Sports Health
Lindy Zhang, Allison M Martin, Kathy Ruble
Pediatric oncology patients treated with antineoplastic therapy have impaired immune systems that lead to loss of protective antibodies. They require reimmunization to protect against vaccine-preventable diseases. There are a paucity of studies on the clinical practice of pediatric oncologists and the available recommendations are heterogenous. This study describes current reimmunization practices among pediatric oncologists. We surveyed the Children's Oncology Group (COG)-identified principle investigators to capture clinical practices among pediatric oncologists within their institutions regarding reimmunization of non-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Clémence Boireau, Géraldine Cazeau, Nathalie Jarrige, Didier Calavas, Jean-Yves Madec, Agnès Leblond, Marisa Haenni, Émilie Gay
In dairy cattle, mastitis is the most frequent bacterial disease, and the routine use of antibiotics for treatment and prevention can drive antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The aim of our study was to estimate the levels of AMR of the 3 main bacteria isolated from dairy cattle with mastitis in France (Streptococcus uberis, Escherichia coli, and coagulase-positive staphylococci) and to investigate their changes over time. Data collected between 2006 and 2016 by the French surveillance network for AMR in pathogenic bacteria of animal origin (called RESAPATH) were analyzed...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Melissa A Markowitz, Lauren N Wood, Shlomo Raz, Loren G Miller, David A Haake, Ja-Hong Kim
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Acute, uncomplicated cystitis is one of the most common bacterial infections seen in clinical practice. Quality improvement and antibiotic stewardship efforts to optimize cystitis management rely on clinicians managing patients in a manner recommended by experts and guidelines. However, it is unclear if recent recommendations for cystitis from experts and guidelines from US medical societies that provide recommendations are well aligned. METHODS: We examined recommendations and guidelines for acute, symptomatic cystitis in women published in US medical societies' journals from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2016, within the fields of family medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, internal medicine, female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, and infectious diseases...
August 11, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Norman Beatty, Jessica August, Joe Anthony Saenz, David E Nix, Kathryn R Matthias, Mayar Al Mohajer
Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) are commonly encountered by medical students, residents, and trainees. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has updated its recommendations regarding SSTI diagnosis and management in June 2014. We assessed knowledge, attitude, and practices toward diagnosis and management of SSTIs using an online survey. We disseminated the survey to medical students, residents, and attending physicians practicing in family and internal medicine department at a university-based hospital...
July 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
Louise K Jensen, Nicole L Henriksen, Henrik E Jensen
During the last 10 years the number of porcine models for human bacterial infectious diseases has increased. In the future, this tendency is expected to continue and, therefore, the aim of the present review is to describe guidelines for the development and reporting of these models. The guidelines are based on a review of 122 publications of porcine models for different bacterial infectious diseases in humans. The review demonstrates a substantial lack of information in most papers which hampers reproducibility and continuation of the work that was established in the models...
August 8, 2018: Laboratory Animals
Carlo Tascini
Antibiotic stewardship: a milestone in everyday clinical practice Infectious diseases caused by multi-resistant pathogens are increasing worldwide and are challenging for clinicians, also in urological setting. The alarming situation is worsened by the limited perspective of new antibiotic developments. Several authors demonstrated that in Italy we have alarming data about resistance rates: in Campania about 58% of Escherichia coli are resistant to fluroquinolones, as 46% to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. On the other hand, the resistance rate against fosfomycin is still low less than 5%...
July 2018: Urologia
Sara Delilovic, Asli Kulane, Nina Åsbring, Anneli Marttila, Knut Lönnroth
BACKGROUND: In Sweden asylum seekers are offered a voluntary health examination, free-of-charge (HE). The HE coverage is low. The organization and implementation of the HE involves collaboration between different agencies with different roles within the provision of health information and service. This study aimed to assess their perspectives on the barriers and facilitators regarding implementation of the HE, as well as on the purpose, content and value of the HE. METHOD: Thematic analysis of focus groups, individual and group interviews conducted between 2016 and 17 with 41 participants from various authorities and healthcare professionals involved in the delivery of HE in Stockholm...
August 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
E A Obuku, N K Sewankambo, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, J N Lavis
BACKGROUND: World over, stakeholders are increasingly concerned about making research useful in public policy-making. However, there are hardly any reports linking production of research by students at institutions of higher learning to its application in society. We assessed whether and how post-graduate students' research was used in evidence-informed health policies. METHODS: This is a multiple case study of master's students' dissertations at Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) produced between 1996 and 2010...
August 3, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Bomi Park, Eun Jeong Choi, Bohyun Park, Hyejin Han, Su Jin Cho, Hee Jung Choi, Seonhwa Lee, Hyesook Park
OBJECTIVES: Immunization is considered one of the most successful and cost-effective public health interventions protecting communities from preventable infectious diseases. The Korean government set up a dedicated workforce for national immunization in 2003, and since then has made strides in improving vaccination coverage across the nation. However, some groups remain relatively vulnerable and require intervention, and it is necessary to address unmet needs to prevent outbreaks of communicable diseases...
July 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Alejandro H Rodriguez, Antoni Torres
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The International ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia were published in 2017 whilst the American guidelines for Management of Adults With Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia were launched in 2016 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America/ATS. Both guidelines made updated recommendations based on the most recent evidence sharing not only some parallelisms but also important conceptual differences...
July 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Bin Zhao, Carolin Dewald, Max Hennig, Jörg Bossert, Michael Bauer, Mathias W Pletz, Klaus D Jandt
BACKGROUND: Civil air travel is increasingly recognized as an important potential source for the rapid spread of infectious diseases that were geographically confined in the past, creating international epidemics with great health and socio-economic impact. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review is to elucidate the correlations of materials surfaces (composition, structure, properties) and microbial dependences on them in aircraft. METHODS: The review was prepared according to PRISMA guidelines...
July 26, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Amjad Kanj, Nadine Abdallah, Ayman O Soubani
Notable progress has been made in the past years in the classification, diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary aspergillosis. New criteria were proposed by the Working Group of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology (ISHAM) for the diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA). The latest classification of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA) suggested by the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) has become widely accepted among clinicians...
August 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Mikayo Toba, Mutsuko Moriwaki, Noriko Oshima, Yoshibumi Aiso, Mari Shima, Yoko Nukui, Satoshi Obayashi, Kiyohide Fushimi
AIM: We modified the antimicrobial prophylaxis of surgical site infection (SSI) according to the guidelines of the Japanese Society of Chemotherapy and Japan Society of Infectious Diseases (hereinafter referred to as optimization) and measured outcomes. METHODS: From April 2016 to March 2017, we performed cesarean section and open hysterectomy with optimization, and compared the outcome to that of surgery performed without optimization between April 2014 and March 2016...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Joshua Osowicki, Andrew C Steer
AIM: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) complicated by pleural empyema is an important paediatric problem. Antibiotic management decisions are made on the basis of little available data and without strong specific recommendations in guidelines. METHODS: This was an online survey of paediatric infectious diseases (PID) physicians disseminated by major international professional organisations, examining empiric and targeted antibiotic choice, switch to oral antibiotics and duration of treatment for two hypothetical cases of contrasting severity...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Jan Schovanek, Lubica Cibickova, Marta Karhanova, Dagmar Kovarova, Zdenek Frysak, David Karasek
OBJECTIVE: Graves orbitopathy (GO) is an extrathyroidal manifestation of autoimmune thyroid disease. Early treatment with glucocorticoids in appropriately selected patients is recommended for active, moderate to severe, and sight-threatening disease. The recently published European Group on Graves Orbitopathy guidelines re-evaluated the recommended doses of intravenous methylprednisolone (ivMP) in response to the potential for adverse effects. We retrospectively reviewed our patient cohort treated with our ivMP protocol and analyzed the side effects of this treatment when given during hospitalization in our tertiary referral center...
July 2018: Endocrine Practice
Pierre-Alexandre Dendoncker, Christel Moons, Steven Sarrazin, Claire Diederich, Etienne Thiry, Tiny de Keuster, Jeroen Dewulf
To investigate the current management and biosecurity practices and identify possible differences between different types of breeders, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 102 Belgian dog breeding facilities ranging from small (less than 10 dams on site) to large-scale (more than 50 dams on site or at least 500 puppies sold yearly) breeders. Veterinary prophylactic protocols (ie, vaccination, endoparasite control, ectoparasitic treatments) were highly implemented (91.5 per cent, 92.6 per cent, 42.7 per cent, respectively) across all breeder categories...
July 25, 2018: Veterinary Record
Guanli Xu, Erzhen Chen, Enqiang Mao, Zaiqian Che, Juan He
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of clinical pharmacists-directed vancomycin dosing and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM), and to promote the individualized medication of vancomycin. METHODS: Information of hospitalized patients treated by vancomycin admitted to Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2011 to October 2017 was collected retrospectively during study period, the patients were divided into pharmacists intervention and non-pharmacists intervention groups according to pharmacist-directed vancomycin dosing guideline or not...
July 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Karolina Waszczuk, Ewa Waszczuk, Leszek Szenborn
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) predisposes patients to a severe course of infections yet adherence to vaccination guidelines is low. Little is known about IBD patient attitude towards immunizations. We aimed to investigate patient attitude towards vaccinations and its influence on personal immunization coverage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A self-completed survey was completed by 195 IBD patients. The author-designed questionnaire comprised: demographic data, IBD medical history, vaccination history, reasons of influenza vaccine refusal, and the most reliable source of information about immunizations...
April 2018: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
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