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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528505/enhanced-degradation-of-perfluorooctanoic-acid-using-dielectric-barrier-discharge-with-la-ce-doped-tio2
#1
Shanping Li, Xiaoping Wang, Lijun Liu, Yongbo Guo, Qinglin Mu, Abdelwahid Mellouki
A synergistic system of dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) combined with La/Ce-TiO2 was developed to investigate the decomposition performance of the environmentally persistent perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). The La/Ce-TiO2 was modified by sol-gel method and characterized by XRD, SEM, and energy dispersive X-ray. The effects of PFOA concentration, applied voltage, initial pH, liquid conductivity, and additives on the removal rate of PFOA were explored. The results showed that the La/Ce-TiO2 exhibited excellent catalytic effects on PFOA degradation in DBD system...
May 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528059/diode-pumped-laser-for-lung-sparing-surgical-treatment-of-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma
#2
Servet Bölükbas, Christian Biancosino, Bassam Redwan, Michael Eberlein
Surgical resection represents one of the essential cornerstones in multimodal treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma. In cases of tumor infiltration of the lung, lung-scarifying procedures such as lobectomies or pneumonectomies might be necessary to achieve macroscopic complete resection. However, this increases the morbidity of the patients because it leads to possible delay of the planned chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Innovative surgical techniques are therefore required to enable salvage of the lung parenchyma and optimization of surgical treatment...
June 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527997/zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-mediated-cytotoxicity-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-level-of-antioxidants-in-presence-of-melatonin
#3
Sruthi S, N Millot, Mohanan Pv
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are widely used in a variety of products and are currently being investigated for biomedical applications. However, they have the potential to interact with macromolecules like proteins, lipids and DNA within the cells which makes the safe biomedical application difficult. The toxicity of the ZnO NP is mainly attributed reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Different strategies like iron doping, polymer coating and external supply of antioxidants have been evaluated to minimize the toxic potential of ZnO NPs...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527829/graphene-oxide-nanosheets-and-d-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-polyethylene-glycol-1000-succinate-tpgs-doping-improves-biocompatibility-and-ultrafiltration-in-polyethersulfone-hollow-fiber-membranes
#4
Akshay Modi, Surendra Kumar Verma, Jayesh Bellare
Novel graphene oxide (G)-and d-α-Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (T)-doped polyethersulfone (P) hollow fiber membranes (GTP HFMs) were efficiently prepared. GTP HFMs were found to be a desirable biocompatible substrate for attachment and proliferation of human embryonic kidney-293 (HEK-293) cells. Significantly high porosity (94.58±1.1%), low contact angle (61.1±2.5°), low hemolysis (0.58% in batch mode and 0.64% in continuous mode), low terminal complement complex activation (SC5b-9 marker level ∼6...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527471/the-electron-shuffle-cerium-influences-samarium-4f-orbital-occupancy-in-heteronuclear-ce-sm-oxide-clusters
#5
Jared O Kafader, Josey E Topolski, Vicmarie Marrero-Colon, Srinivasan S Iyengar, Caroline Chick Jarrold
The anion photoelectron (PE) spectra along with supporting results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations on SmO(-), SmCeOy(-), and Sm2Oy(-) (y = 1, 2) are reported and compared to previous results on CeO(-) [M. Ray et al., J. Chem. Phys. 142, 064305 (2015)] and Ce2Oy(-) (y = 1, 2) [J. O. Kafader et al., J. Chem. Phys. 145, 154306 (2016)]. Similar to the results on CexOy(-) clusters, the PE spectra of SmO(-), SmCeOy(-), and Sm2Oy(-) (y = 1, 2) all exhibit electronic transitions to the neutral ground state at approximately 1 eV e(-)BE...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525935/design-synthesis-and-characterization-of-doped-titanium-oxide-nanomaterials-with-environmental-and-angiogenic-applications
#6
Susheel Kumar Nethi, Neeraja Aparna Anand P, Beatriz Rico-Oller, Antonio Rodríguez-Diéguez, Santiago Gómez-Ruiz, Chitta Ranjan Patra
Since the last decade, the metal composite nanostructures have evolved as promising candidates in regard to their wide applications in the fields of science and engineering. Recently, several investigators identified the titanium based nanomaterials as excellent agents for multifunctional environmental and biomedical applications. In this perspective, we have developed a series of zinc-doped (2 and 5%) titanium oxide-based nanomaterials using various reaction conditions and calcination temperatures (TZ1-TZ3: calcined at 500°C, TZ4-TZ6: calcined at 600°C and TZ7-TZ9: calcined at 700°C)...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525826/formation-and-stability-of-manganese-doped-zns-quantum-dot-monolayers-determined-by-qcm-d-and-streaming-potential-measurements
#7
Magdalena Oćwieja, Katarzyna Matras-Postołek, Julia Maciejewska-Prończuk, Maria Morga, Zbigniew Adamczyk, Svitlana Sovinska, Adam Żaba, Marta Gajewska, Tomasz Król, Klaudia Cupiał, Michael Bredol
Manganese-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs) stabilized by cysteamine hydrochloride were successfully synthesized. Their thorough physicochemical characteristics were acquired using UV-Vis absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. The average particle size, derived from HR-TEM, was 3.1nm, which agrees with the hydrodynamic diameter acquired by DLS, that was equal to 3-4nm, depending on ionic strength...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525264/a-flexible-doubly-interpenetrated-metal-organic-framework-with-breathing-behavior-and-tunable-gate-opening-effect-by-introducing-co-2-into-zn4o-clusters
#8
Xiaodong Sun, Shuo Yao, Guanghua Li, Lirong Zhang, Qisheng Huo, Yunling Liu
A Zn4O clusters based flexible doubly interpenetrated metal-organic framework [(Zn4O)2(DCPB)6DMF]·2DMF·8H2O (JLU-Liu33, H2DCPB = 1,3-di(4-carboxyphenyl)benzene, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide) with pcu topology has been solvothermally synthesized. Because of its flexible structure, JLU-Liu33 exhibits a breathing behavior upon N2 and CO2 adsorption at low temperature, and C2H6 and C3H8 adsorption at 273 and 298 K. Furthermore, by adopting the direct synthesis method, two isomorphic compounds-JLU-Liu33L and JLU-Liu33H-have been obtained by partial substituting Zn with different amounts of Co into the JLU-Liu33 framework...
May 19, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524661/phonon-plasmon-coupling-and-active-cu-dopants-in-indium-arsenide-nanocrystals-studied-by-resonance-raman-spectroscopy
#9
Adam Faust, Yorai Amit, Uri Banin
Doping of semiconductor nanocrystals is an emerging tool to control their properties that is raising increased interest recently, as the means to characterize the impurities and their effect on the electronic characteristics of the nanocrystal evolve. We present a temperature dependent Raman scattering study of Cu doped InAs nanocrystals observing changes in the relative scattering intensities of the different modes upon increased dopant concentrations. First, the longitudinal optical (LO) phonon overtone mode is suppressed, indicating weakening of the coupling strength related to the effect of screening by the free electrons...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524652/optical-characteristics-and-tumor-imaging-capabilities-of-near-infrared-dyes-in-free-and-nano-encapsulated-formulations-comprised-of-viral-capsids
#10
Yadir Guerrero, Sheela Singh, Turong Mai, Ravoori Murali, Leela Tanikella, Atta Zahedi, Vikas Kundra, Bahman Anvari
Near infrared (NIR) fluorescent molecules and nano-sized structures can serve as potential optical probes for image-guided removal of small tumor nodules (≈ < 1 mm diameter). While indocyanine green (ICG) remains as the only FDA-approved NIR dye, other organic dyes are under extensive development for enhanced imaging capabilities. One such dye is BrCy106-NHS where bromine is substituted for aromatic structures in cyanine dyes. Herein, we investigate the absorption and fluorescence characteristics of ICG and BrCy106-NHS, and quantitatively assess their tumor imaging capabilities in free (non-encapsulated) and a nano-encapsulated form that utilizes the capsid protein (CP) from genome-depleted plant-infecting brome mosaic virus as the encapsulating shell...
May 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524362/a-novel-chemiluminescence-sensor-for-the-determination-of-indomethacin-based-on-sulfur-and-nitrogen-co-doped-carbon-quantum-dot-kmno4-reaction
#11
Tooba Hallaj, Mohammad Amjadi, Jamshid L Manzoori, Neda Azizi
We report on a simple and sensitive sulfur and nitrogen co-doped carbon quantum dot (S,N-CQD)-based chemiluminescence (CL) sensor for the determination of indomethacin. S,N-CQDs were prepared by a hydrothermal method and characterized by fluorescence spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. To obtain the best CL system for determination of indomethacin, the reaction of S,N-CQDs with some common oxidants was studied. Among the tested systems, the S,N-CQD-KMnO4 reaction showed the highest sensitivity for the detection of indomethacin...
May 19, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524192/advanced-oxygen-evolution-catalysis-by-bimetallic-ni-fe-phosphide-nanoparticles-encapsulated-in-nitrogen-phosphorus-and-sulphur-tri-doped-porous-carbon
#12
Ping Li, Hua Chun Zeng
Through molecular design of a solid precursor, we engineer a novel nanocomposite composed of bimetallic (Ni-Fe) phosphide nanoparticles encapsulated in a N,P,S-tri-doped porous carbon matrix. With tailorable compositional and architectural features, the resultant nanocomposite presents remarkable performance in electrochemical water oxidation.
May 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523996/micro-rnas-exercise-and-cellular-plasticity-in-humans-the-impact-of-dietary-factors-and-hypoxia
#13
Timothée Watier, Anthony Mj Sanchez
Physical exercise is a stress that modulates a plethora of cellular mechanisms to promote morphological and metabolic adaptations. Substantial efforts have been made to better understand the modulation of pathways involved in cell plasticity during exercise, but human explorations may be limited because invasive procedures are often required. In recent years, minimally invasive methods for the analysis of microRNAs (miRNAs) modulation in response to exercise have been developed. miRNAs are small molecules that belong to a family of non-coding RNAs...
May 19, 2017: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523720/tuning-of-the-optical-electronic-and-magnetic-properties-of-boron-nitride-nanosheets-with-oxygen-doping-and-functionalization
#14
Qunhong Weng, Dmitry G Kvashnin, Xi Wang, Ovidiu Cretu, Yijun Yang, Min Zhou, Chao Zhang, Dai-Ming Tang, Pavel B Sorokin, Yoshio Bando, Dmitri Golberg
Engineering of the optical, electronic, and magnetic properties of hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) nanomaterials via oxygen doping and functionalization has been envisaged in theory. However, it is still unclear as to what extent these properties can be altered using such methodology because of the lack of significant experimental progress and systematic theoretical investigations. Therefore, here, comprehensive theoretical predictions verified by solid experimental confirmations are provided, which unambiguously answer this long-standing question...
May 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523617/one-pot-synthesis-of-lightly-doped-zn1-x-cu-x-o-and-au-zn1-x-cu-x-o-with-solar-light-photocatalytic-activity-in-liquid-phase
#15
Anis Fkiri, Marisa Rico Santacruz, Amine Mezni, Leila-Samia Smiri, Valérie Keller, Nicolas Keller
We report on the facile and low-temperature one-pot chemical synthesis of lightly doped Zn1-x Cu x O and hybrid Au-Zn1-x Cu x O photocatalysts with low Cu molar content (0 < x < 0.7%) using 1,3-propanediol polyol simultaneously as solvent, reducing and a stabilizing agent, without any final thermal treatment. The photocatalysts have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption study, UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522938/mucin-1-antibody-conjugated-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-for-selective-breast-cancer-detection-in-a-mucin-1-transgenic-murine-mouse-model
#16
Didier Dréau, Laura Jeffords Moore, Merlis P Alvarez-Berrios, Mubin Tarannum, Pinku Mukherjee, Juan L Vivero-Escoto
Mucin-1 (MUC1), a transmembrane glycoprotein is aberrantly expressed on ~90% of breast cancer and is an excellent target for nanoparticulate targeted imaging. In this study, the development of a dye-doped NIR emitting mesoporous silica nanoparticles platform conjugated to tumor-specific MUC1 antibody (ab-tMUC1-NIR-MSN) for in vivo optical detection of breast adenocarcinoma tissue is reported. The structural properties, the in vitro and in vivo performance of this nanoparticle-based probe were evaluated. In vitro studies showed that the MSN-based optical imaging nanoprobe is non-cytotoxic and targets efficiently mammary cancer cells overexpressing human tMUC1 protein...
December 2016: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522868/first-demonstration-of-multi-color-3-d-in-vivo-imaging-using-ultra-compact-compton-camera
#17
Aya Kishimoto, Jun Kataoka, Takanori Taya, Leo Tagawa, Saku Mochizuki, Shinji Ohsuka, Yuto Nagao, Keisuke Kurita, Mitsutaka Yamaguchi, Naoki Kawachi, Keiko Matsunaga, Hayato Ikeda, Eku Shimosegawa, Jun Hatazawa
In the field of nuclear medicine, single photon emission tomography and positron emission tomography are the two most common techniques in molecular imaging, but the available radioactive tracers have been limited either by energy range or difficulties in production and delivery. Thus, the use of a Compton camera, which features gamma-ray imaging of arbitrary energies from a few hundred keV to more than MeV, is eagerly awaited along with potential new tracers which have never been used in current modalities...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522005/biocompatible-microcrystalline-cellulose-particles-from-cotton-wool-and-magnetization-via-a-simple-in-situ-co-precipitation-method
#18
Mehnaz Rashid, Mohammad Abdul Gafur, Mostafa Kaiyum Sharafat, Hideto Minami, Mohd Abdul Jalil Miah, Hasan Ahmad
This investigation describes the preparation of magnetically doped degradable microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) nanocomposite particles with application potential in biotechnology, solid support for biomolecule/water purification, oil recovery from water and beyond. MCC was first extracted from cotton wool, the most abundant biocompatible polymer, by sulfuric acid hydrolysis and the effect of acid strength was examined. The size of the elongated fiber structure was reduced with increasing acid strength. MCC particles extracted by treatment with 70% sulfuric acid were used to prepare magnetic MCC nanocomposite particles...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521975/facile-synthesis-of-cellulose-based-carbon-with-tunable-n-content-for-potential-supercapacitor-application
#19
Zehong Chen, Xinwen Peng, Xiaoting Zhang, Shuangshuang Jing, Linxin Zhong, Runcang Sun
Producing hierarchical porous N-doped carbon from renewable biomass is an essential and sustainable way for future electrochemical energy storage. Herein we cost-efficiently synthesized N-doped porous carbon from renewable cellulose by using urea as a low-cost N source, without any activation process. The as-prepared N-doped porous carbon (N-doped PC) had a hierarchical porous structure with abundant macropores, mesopores and micropores. The doping N resulted in more disordered structure, and the doping N content in N-doped PC could be easily tunable (0...
August 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521220/synthesis-of-ordered-mesoporous-la2o3-zro2-composites-with-encapsulated-pt-nps-and-the-effect-of-la-dopping-on-catalytic-activity
#20
Yan Gao, Yiwei Zhang, Yuming Zhou, Chao Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Shuo Zhao, Jiasheng Fang, Mengqiu Huang, Xiaoli Sheng
In this work, we report a feasible approach to synthesize a ternary nanocomposites, Pt/lanthanum doped mesoporous zirconium oxide (Pt/La2O3-ZrO2), via an effective two-step method. Ordered mesoporous La2O3-ZrO2 composites were firstly fabricated with mesoporous silica KIT-6 as a hard template. Subsequently, uniform Pt nanoparticles encapsulated by 4 hydroxyl-terminated poly (amidoamine) (G4-OH PAMAM) dendrimers were deposited on the La2O3-ZrO2 composites. The as-prepared samples were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm analysis, energy dispersion X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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