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Qinghua Tian, Xiang Wang, Guoyong Huang, Xueyi Guo
Nanostructured Co doped Mn3O4 spinel structure ((Co, Mn)3O4) were prepared by co-precipitation under O3 oxidizing conditions and post-heat treatment. The product was composed of nanogranules with a diameter of 20-60 nm. The electrochemical performance of (Co, Mn)3O4 electrode was tested by cyclic voltammetry, impedance, and galvanostatic charge-discharge measurements. A maximum specific capacitance value of 2701.0 F g(-1) at a current density of 5 A g(-1) could be obtained within the potential range from 0...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
N Sinclair, D Oblak, C W Thiel, R L Cone, W Tittel
We characterize the 795 nm ^{3}H_{6} to ^{3}H_{4} transition of Tm^{3+} in a Ti^{4+}:LiNbO_{3} waveguide at temperatures as low as 800 mK. Coherence and hyperfine population lifetimes-up to 117  μs and 2.5 h, respectively-exceed those at 3 K at least tenfold, and are equivalent to those observed in a bulk Tm^{3+}:LiNbO_{3} crystal under similar conditions. We also find a transition dipole moment that is equivalent to that of the bulk. Finally, we prepare a 0.5 GHz-bandwidth atomic frequency comb of finesse >2 on a vanishing background...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Peter P Orth, Rafael M Fernandes, Jeff Walter, C Leighton, B I Shklovskii
Stimulated by experimental advances in electrolyte gating methods, we investigate theoretically percolation in thin films of inhomogeneous complex oxides, such as La_{1-x}Sr_{x}CoO_{3} (LSCO), induced by a combination of bulk chemical and surface electrostatic doping. Using numerical and analytical methods, we identify two mechanisms that describe how bulk dopants reduce the amount of electrostatic surface charge required to reach percolation: (i) bulk-assisted surface percolation and (ii) surface-assisted bulk percolation...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Koushik Karmakar, Markos Skoulatos, Giacomo Prando, Bertran Roessli, Uwe Stuhr, Franziska Hammerath, Christian Rüegg, Surjeet Singh
We investigate the effect of Co^{2+} (spin-1/2) impurities on the magnetic ground state and low-lying spin excitations of the quasione-dimensional spin-1/2 antiferromagnet SrCuO_{2} by means of neutron scattering, muon spin spectroscopy, and bulk (ac and dc) magnetic susceptibilities. We found that dilute Co doping induces an Ising-like anisotropy and enhances the magnetic ordering temperature rather significantly, but preserves the gapless nature of the spin excitations. These results are in apparent contradiction with the recent studies of Ni (spin-1) doped SrCuO_{2}...
March 10, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Artur Mardyukov, Dominik Niedek, Peter R Schreiner
Triplet phenylphosphinidene was prepared by light-induced elimination of ethylene from the corresponding phenylphosphirane and was characterized by IR and UV/Vis spectroscopy together with matching of its spectral data with density functional theory (DFT) computations. The photolysis of phenylphosphirane in 3P-O2 doped matrices enabled the spectroscopic identification of a hitherto unknown phenyldioxophosphorane, the long elusive phosphorous analogue of nitrobenzene.
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yinghua Liu, Wenxiu Duan, Wei Song, Juanjuan Liu, Cuiling Ren, Jiang Wu, Dan Liu, Hongli Chen
Colorimetric and fluorescent dual mode detection methods have gained much attention in recent years, however, it is still desirable to develop new colorimetric and fluorescent dual mode nanosensors with more simple preparation procedure, low cost and excellent biocompatibility. Herein, a colorimetric and fluorescent nanosensor based on B, N, S-co-doped carbon dots (BNS-CDs) were synthesized by one-step hydrothermal treatment of 2, 5-diaminobenzenesulfonic acid and 4-aminophenylboronic acid hydrochloride. Using this nanosensor, a highly sensitive assay of Fe3+ in the range of 0...
March 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Marta Eliza Plonska-Brzezinska, Olena Mykhailiv, Krzysztof Brzezinski, Bogdan Sulikowski, Zbigniew Olejniczak, Malgorzata Gras, Grzegorz Lota, Agustin Molina-Ontoria, Michal Jakubczyk, Luis Echegoyen
Doping of carbon nanostructures with heteroatoms, such as boron or nitrogen, is one of the most effective ways to change their properties to make them suitable for various applications. Carbon nano-onions (CNOs) doped with boron (B-CNOs) have been prepared by annealing (1650°C) nanodiamond particles (NDs) under an inert He atmosphere in the presence of B. Their physicochemical properties were measured using transmission (TEM) and scanning (SEM) electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), 10B and 11B solid-state MAS NMR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffractions (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, porosimetry, and differential-thermogravimetric analyses (TGA-DTG)...
March 24, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Minghao Zhuang, Yao Ding, Xuewu Ou, Zhengtang Luo
The edge and corner atoms of 2D transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are the main electrocatalytically active sites for electrochemical reaction. Here, we demonstrate an approach to generate abundant edge/corner atoms in molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) nanocrystals supported by nitrogen-doped graphene (NG) which consequently leads to significantly enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) activity. These structures were fabricated by firstly absorbing the Mo-containing precursor within polymer-functionalized graphene oxide, then selenized to obtain MoSe2 nanocrystals on the surface, and finally H2 etching was performed to form perforated structures...
March 24, 2017: Nanoscale
Leighton Jones, Long Lin
Pentacene is one of the most investigated candidates for organic thin film transistor (OTFT) applications over the last few decades even though it unstable in air (Eg = 1.80 eV), owing in part to its planar nature and high charge-transfer mobilities as both a single crystal (35 cm2 V 1 s 1) and as a thin-film (3.0 cm2 V 1 s 1). Until now, picene is the only isomer of pentacene to be investigated for organic electronic applications, due to its greater stability (Eg = 4.21 eV) and high charge transfer mobility (3...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Wesley T E van den Beld, Mathieu Odijk, René H J Vervuurt, Jan-Willem Weber, Ageeth A Bol, Albert van den Berg, Jan C T Eijkel
Electrochemistry on graphene is of particular interest due to graphene's high surface area, high electrical conductivity and low interfacial capacitance. Because the graphene Fermi level can be probed by its strong Raman signal, information on the graphene doping can be obtained which in turn can provide information on adsorbed atoms or molecules. For this paper, the adsorption analysis was successfully performed using three electroactive substances with different electrode interaction mechanisms: hexaammineruthenium(III) chloride (RuHex), ferrocenemethanol (FcMeOH) and potassium ferricyanide/potassium ferrocyanide (Fe(CN)6)...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Li Li, Xiaozhong Peng, Yongbao Qin, Renchong Wang, Jingli Tang, Xu Cui, Ting Wang, Wenlong Liu, Haobo Pan, Bing Li
By virtue of its excellent bioactivity and osteoconductivity, calcium phosphate cement (CPC) has been applied extensively in bone engineering. Doping a trace element into CPC can change physical characteristics and enhance osteogenesis. The trace element lithium has been demonstrated to stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts. We investigated the fracture-healing effect of osteoporotic defects with lithium-doped calcium phosphate cement (Li/CPC) and the underlying mechanism. Li/CPC bodies immersed in simulated body fluid converted gradually to hydroxyapatite...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Saleem J Denholme, Akinori Yukawa, Kohei Tsumura, Masanori Nagao, Ryuji Tamura, Satoshi Watauchi, Isao Tanaka, Hideaki Takayanagi, Nobuaki Miyakawa
We present the first experimental evidence for metallicity, superconductivity (SC) and the co-existence of charge density waves (CDW) in the quasi-one-dimensional material HfTe3. The existence of such phenomena is a typical characteristic of the transition metal chalcogenides however, without the application of hydrostatic pressure/chemical doping, it is rare for a material to exhibit the co-existence of both states. Materials such as HfTe3 can therefore provide us with a unique insight into the relationship between these multiple ordered states...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yi-Ting Peng, Shan-Haw Chiou, Ching-Hung Hsiao, Chuenhou Hao Ouyang, Chi-Shun Tu
Remarkably enhanced photovoltaic effects have been observed in the heterostructures of p-type A-site Nd(3+)-doped BiFeO3 (Bi0.9375Nd0.0625)FeO3 (or BFONd) polycrystalline ceramics and the n-type ITO thin film. The maximum power conversion is ~0.82%, which is larger than 0.015% in BiFeO3 (BFO) under blue-ultraviolet irradiation of wavelength λ = 405 nm. The current-voltage (I-V) characteristic curve suggests a p-n junction interface between the ITO thin film and BFO (or BFONd) ceramics. The band gaps calculated from first-principles for BFO and BFONd are respectively 2...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ankit Agrawal, Ajay Singh, Sadegh Yazdi, Amita Singh, Gary K Ong, Karen Bustillo, Robert W Johns, Emilie Ringe, Delia J Milliron
Doped metal oxides are plasmonic materials that boast both synthetic and postsynthetic spectral tunability. They have already enabled promising smart window and optoelectronic technologies and have been proposed for use in surface enhanced infrared absorption spectroscopy (SEIRA) and sensing applications. Herein, we report the first step toward realization of the former utilizing cubic F and Sn codoped In2O3 nanocrystals (NCs) to couple to the C-H vibration of surface-bound oleate ligands. Electron energy loss spectroscopy is used to map the strong near-field enhancement around these NCs that enables localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) coupling between adjacent nanocrystals and LSPR-molecular vibration coupling...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
Ding Jiang, Xiaojiao Du, Lei Zhou, Henan Li, Kun Wang
Deeply understanding the internal mechanism of photoelectrohemical (PEC) process is conducive to fabricate high-performances PEC biosensors. In this work, we proposed a new insight towards efficient charge separation mechanism in high-performances PEC biosensors. Specifically, we disclosed that the lifetimes of photogenerated charge carriers of ultrathin MoS2 nanosheets could be prolonged by approximately millisecond timescales after a proper mole ratio of NGQDs were coupled, leading to the promoted charge separation, and giant photocurrent signal-magnify...
March 24, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Qi Chen, Lei Chen, Fengye Ye, Ting Zhao, Feng Tang, Adharsh Rajagopal, Zheng Jiang, Shenlong Jiang, Alex K-Y Jen, Yi Xie, Jinhua Cai, Liwei Chen
Controlled doping for adjustable material polarity and charge carrier concentration is the basis of semiconductor materials and devices, and it is much more difficult to achieve in ionic semiconductors (e.g. ZnO and GaN) than in covalent semiconductors (e.g. Si and Ge), due to the high intrinsic defect density in ionic semiconductors. The organic-inorganic perovskite material, which is frenetically being researched for applications in solar cells and beyond, is also an ionic semiconductor. Here we present the Ag-incorporated organic-inorganic perovskite films and planar heterojunction solar cells...
March 24, 2017: Nano Letters
Qiqi Xu, Jianwen Zhao, Vincenzo Pecunia, Wenya Xu, Chunshan Zhou, Junyan Dou, Weibing Gu, Jian Lin, Lixin Mo, Yanfei Zhao, Zheng Cui
The fabrication of printed high-performance and environmentally stable n-type single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) transistors and their integration into complementary (i.e. CMOS) circuits are widely recognized as key to achieving the full potential of carbon nanotube electronics. Here, we report a simple, efficient, and robust method to convert the polarity of SWCNT thin-film transistors (TFTs) using cheap and readily available ethanolamine as electron doping agent. Printed p-type bottom-gate SWCNT TFTs can be selectively converted into n-type by deposition of ethanolamine inks on the transistor active region via aerosol jet printing...
March 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ruijian Liu, Yongfeng Li, Bin Yao, Zhanhui Ding, Yuhong Jiang, Lei Meng, Rui Deng, Ligong Zhang, Zhenzhong Zhang, Haifeng Zhao, Lei Liu
Shallow acceptor states in Mg-doped CuAlO2 and their effect on structural, electrical and optical properties are investigated by combining first-principles calculations and experiments. First-principles calculations demonstrate that Mg substituting Al site in CuAlO2 plays a role of shallow acceptor and has a low formation energy, suggesting that Mg doping can increase hole concentration and improve conductivity of CuAlO2. Hall effect measurements indicates that the hole concentration of Mg-doped CuAlO2 thin film is two orders of magnitude higher than that of undoped CuAlO2...
March 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuangang Li, Pengfei Duan, Minghua Liu
A chiral gelator was designed and found to form chiral nanotwist and nanotube in toluene and DMSO, respectively, which could serve as host chiral matrixes for fabricating functional soft materials. Guest achiral π-conjugated donor and acceptor were doped in the gel and a solvent regulated self-assembly was observed. Although both the DMSO and toluene gels containing three components look similar as the transparent gels, it was clarified microscopically that while achiral dopants self-assembled in the confined nanotubes in DMSO gel, they only dissolve in the liquid phase in toluene gel...
March 24, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jorge A Delgado, Carmen Claver, Sergio Castillón, Daniel Curulla-Ferré, Cyril Godard
A series of small and well defined cobalt nanoparticles were synthesized by the chemical reduction of cobalt salts in water using NaBH4 as a reducing agent and using various polymeric stabilizers. The obtained nanocatalysts of similar mean diameters (ca. 2.6 nm) were fully characterized and tested in the aqueous phase Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (AFTS). Interestingly, the nature and structure of the stabilizers used during the synthesis of the CoNPs affected the reduction degree of cobalt and the B-doping of these NPs and consequently, influenced the performance of these nanocatalysts in AFTS...
March 6, 2017: Nanomaterials
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