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Xin Xin, Nianbing Zhong, Qiang Liao, Yanyan Cen, Ruohua Wu, Zhengkun Wang
We present a novel four-layer structure consisting of bottom, second, third, and surface layers in the sensing region, for a D-shaped step-index fiber-optic evanescent wave (FOEW) sensor. To reduce the background noise, the surface of the longitudinal section in the D-shaped region is coated with a light-absorbing film. We check the morphologies of the second and surface layers, examine the refractive indices (RIs) of the third and surface layers, and analyze the composition of the surface layer. We also investigate the effects of the thicknesses and RIs of the third and surface layers and the LA film on the light transmission and sensitivity of the FOEW sensors...
January 11, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
I-Wen Peter Chen, Ming-Chia Yang, Chia-Hui Yang, Yiwen Chen, Dai-Xuan Zhong, Ming-Chun Hsu
This is a study on the development of carbon nanotube-based composite actuators using a new ionic liquid-doped electroactiveionic polymer. For scalable production purposes, a simple hot-pressing method was used. Carbon nanotube/ionic liquid-Nafion/carbon nanotube composite films were fabricated that exhibited a large output blocking force and a stable cycling life with low alternating voltage stimuli in air. Of particular interest and importance, a blocking force of 1.5 N was achieved at an applied voltage of 6 V...
January 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhen Tian, Chenglei Guo, Mingxing Zhao, Ranran Li, Jiamin Xue
We study the anisotropic electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) SnS, an analogue of phosphorene, grown by physical vapor transport. With transmission electron microscope and polarized Raman spectroscopy, we identify the zigzag and armchair directions of the as-grown 2D crystals. 2D SnS field-effect transistors with a cross-Hall-bar structure are fabricated. They show heavily hole-doped (~10(19) cm(-3)) conductivity with strong in-plane anisotropy. At room temperature the mobility along the zigzag direction exceeds 20 cm(2)V(-1)s(-1), which can be up to 1...
January 20, 2017: ACS Nano
Zhihao Han, Liwei Lv, Yi Ma, Zhaohui Wang, Yuxi Liu, Min Zhang, Siwen Li, Yueqing Gu
It is an emerging focus to explore controlled release drug delivery systems for simultaneous cancer imaging and therapy. Herein, we synthesized a photothermal sensitive multifunctional nano-liposome drug delivery system, with doxorubicin wrapped in the hydropholic layer as the therapeutical agent and cypate doped in the hydrophobic layer as the diagnostic agent. A series of in vitro and in vivo characterization demonstrated the stability of synthesized liposome, as the DL% was 9 ± 1.5 and the EE% was 82.7 ± 2...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
Xu Huang, Xuezhang Xiao, Wei Zhang, Xiulin Fan, Liuting Zhang, Changjun Cheng, Shouquan Li, Hongwei Ge, Qidong Wang, Lixin Chen
Magnesium hydride (MgH2) exhibits long-term stability and has recently been developed as a safe alternative to store hydrogen in the solid state, due to its high capacity of 7.6 wt% H2 and low cost compared to other metal hydrides. However, the high activation energy and poor kinetics of MgH2 lead to inadequate hydrogen storage properties, resulting in low energy efficiency. Nano-catalysis is deemed to be the most effective strategy in improving the kinetics performance of hydrogen storage materials. In this work, robust and efficient architectures of carbon-wrapped transition metal (Co/C, Ni/C) nanoparticles (8-16 nm) were prepared and used as catalysts in the MgH2 system via ball milling to improve its de/rehydrogenation kinetics...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
A M Novello, M Spera, A Scarfato, A Ubaldini, E Giannini, D R Bowler, Ch Renner
We study the impact of Cu intercalation on the charge density wave (CDW) in 1T-Cu_{x}TiSe_{2} by scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Cu atoms, identified through density functional theory modeling, are found to intercalate randomly on the octahedral site in the van der Waals gap and to dope delocalized electrons near the Fermi level. While the CDW modulation period does not depend on Cu content, we observe the formation of charge stripe domains at low Cu content (x<0.02) and a breaking up of the commensurate order into 2×2 domains at higher Cu content...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Junmei Wang, Zhenlei Wang, Shuai Li, Rongming Wang, Yujun Song
A methodology by coupling a microfluidic-batch process with in situ carbon-black mixing, successive annealing and de-alloying post-treatment was developed for engineering surface and interface microstructures of FePt/C nanocomposites. Ultra-small angular FePt nanocrystals rich in vertexes/terraces/steps and with Pt contents gradually increasing from the inner to the outer part can be synthesized at certain Fe/Pt atomic ratios (2/1 or 1.1/1), which can directly grow on carbon-black for enhanced nanocrystal-carbon interface interaction by introducing the in situ carbon-black mixing process...
January 20, 2017: Nanoscale
Chaohai Wang, Chao Liu, Jiansheng Li, Xiuyun Sun, Jinyou Shen, Weiqing Han, Lianjun Wang
A novel N-doped MOF-based hierarchical carbon fiber (NPCF) towards supercapacitors was prepared by the pyrolysis of MOF nanofibers. Due to its unique 1D hollow structures, the NPCF exhibits better energy storage capacity than the other previously reported MOF-derived carbon materials.
January 20, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Kai-Wei Chang, Wei Ji, Chao-Cheng Kaun
The way in which states of a topological insulator (TI) transform from monolayer to bulk is an important issue for applications in spintronics. However, unlike graphite, most layered materials are difficult to exfoliate. Using first-principles calculations, we predict that thallium selenide (TlSe) will be a layered TI with rather weak interlayer coupling and thus it should be exfoliated easily. The evolution of the topological states can also be driven by doping with indium (In) atoms or applying lateral strains...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Qing Jiao, Ge Li, Lini Li, Changgui Lin, Guoxiang Wang, Zijun Liu, Shixun Dai, Tiefeng Xu, Qinyuan Zhang
Gallium-based Ga-Sb-S sulfide glasses was elaborated and studied. A relationship between the structure, composition, and optical properties of the glass has been established. The effects of the introduction of Ga on the structure using infrared and Raman spectroscopies and on the Er(3+)-doped IR emission have been discussed. The results show that incorporation of Ga induced the dissociation of [SbS3] pyramids units and the formation of tetrahedral [GaS4] units. The dissolved rare earth ions are separated around the Ga-S bonding and the infrared emission quenching are controlled...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Cheol-Ho Lee, Jin-Mun Yun, Sungho Lee, Seong Mu Jo, KwangSup Eom, Doh C Lee, Han-Ik Joh, Thomas F Fuller
Amorphous molybdenum sulfide (MoSx) is covalently anchored to reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) via a simple one-pot reaction, thereby inducing the reduction of GO and simultaneous doping of heteroatoms on the GO. The oxygen atoms form a bridged between MoSx and GO and play a crucial role in the fine dispersion of the MoSx particles, control of planar MoSx growth, and increase of exposed active sulfur sites. This bridging leads to highly efficient (-157 mV overpotential and 41 mV/decade Tafel slope) and stable (95% versus initial activity after 1000 cycles) electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Peitao Liu, Jingyan Zhang, Daqiang Gao, Weichun Ye
Here, W(NxS1-x)2 nanoflowers were fabricated by simple sintering process. Photocatalytic activity results indicated our fabricated N-doped WS2 nanoflowers shown outstanding photoactivity of degradating of rhodamine B with visible light. Which is attributed to the high separation efficiency of photoinduced electron-hole pairs, the broadening of the valence band (VB), and the narrowing of energy band gap. Meanwhile, our work provided a novel method to induce surface sulfur vacancies in crystals by introduing impurities atoms for enhancing their photodegradation...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Daria Kondrashova, Alexander Lauerer, Dirk Mehlhorn, Hervé Jobic, Armin Feldhoff, Matthias Thommes, Dipanjan Chakraborty, Cedric Gommes, Jovana Zecevic, Petra de Jongh, Armin Bunde, Jörg Kärger, Rustem Valiullin
Nanoporous silicon produced by electrochemical etching of highly B-doped p-type silicon wafers can be prepared with tubular pores imbedded in a silicon matrix. Such materials have found many technological applications and provide a useful model system for studying phase transitions under confinement. This paper reports a joint experimental and simulation study of diffusion in such materials, covering displacements from molecular dimensions up to tens of micrometers with carefully selected probe molecules. In addition to mass transfer through the channels, diffusion (at much smaller rates) is also found to occur in directions perpendicular to the channels, thus providing clear evidence of connectivity...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chunhui Zhu, Fengqiu Wang, Yafei Meng, Xiang Yuan, Faxian Xiu, Hongyu Luo, Yazhou Wang, Jianfeng Li, Xinjie Lv, Liang He, Yongbing Xu, Junfeng Liu, Chao Zhang, Yi Shi, Rong Zhang, Shining Zhu
Pulsed lasers operating in the mid-infrared (3-20 μm) are important for a wide range of applications in sensing, spectroscopy, imaging and communications. Despite recent advances with mid-infrared gain platforms, the lack of a capable pulse generation mechanism remains a significant technological challenge. Here we show that bulk Dirac fermions in molecular beam epitaxy grown crystalline Cd3As2, a three-dimensional topological Dirac semimetal, constitutes an exceptional ultrafast optical switching mechanism for the mid-infrared...
January 20, 2017: Nature Communications
R Pradheesh, Harikrishnan S Nair, G R Haripriya, Anatoliy Senyshyn, Tapan Chatterji, V Sankaranarayanan, K Sethupathi
Unusual features in magnetization resembling the kinetic arrest of a magnetic glass state are observed in the La-doped double perovskite, SrLaFeCoO6. Neutron powder diffraction experiments confirm the presence of antisite disorder as well as a lack of long-range magnetic order down to 4 K in this double perovskite which displays spin glass-like features in dc and ac susceptibilities. Magnetic relaxation observed through cooling and heating under unequal fields (CHUF) point towards unusual domain dynamics which is supported by a broad memory effect...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Millán Aguilar, Jesús Muñoz-Guerra, María Del Mar Plata, Juan Del Coso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
Hongshuai Hou, Lidong Shao, Yan Zhang, Guoqiang Zou, Jun Chen, Xiaobo Ji
Large-area phosphorus-doped carbon nanosheets (P-CNSs) are first obtained from carbon dots (CDs) through self-assembly driving from thermal treatment with Na catalysis. This is the first time to realize the conversion from 0D CDs to 2D nanosheets doped with phosphorus. The sodium storage behavior of phosphorus-doped carbon material is also investigated for the first time. As anode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), P-CNSs exhibit superb performances for electrochemical storage of sodium. When cycled at 0...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Guanjie He, Mo Qiao, Wenyao Li, Yao Lu, Tingting Zhao, Rujia Zou, Bo Li, Jawwad A Darr, Junqing Hu, Maria-Magdalena Titirici, Ivan P Parkin
Metal sulfides are commonly used in energy storage and electrocatalysts due to their redox centers and active sites. Most literature reports show that their performance decreases significantly caused by oxidation in alkaline electrolyte during electrochemical testing. Herein, S and N co-doped graphene-based nickel cobalt sulfide aerogels are synthesized for use as rechargeable alkaline battery electrodes and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. Notably, this system shows improved cyclability due to the stabilization effect of the S and N co-doped graphene aerogel (SNGA)...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
David Kiefer, Liyang Yu, Erik Fransson, Andrés Gómez, Daniel Primetzhofer, Aram Amassian, Mariano Campoy-Quiles, Christian Müller
Poly(ethylene oxide) is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix polymer for the solution-doped conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene). The polarity of the insulator combined with carefully chosen processing conditions permits the fabrication of tens of micrometer-thick films that feature a fine distribution of the F4TCNQ dopant:semiconductor complex. Changes in electrical conductivity from 0.1 to 0.3 S cm(-1) and Seebeck coefficient from 100 to 60 μV K(-1) upon addition of the insulator correlate with an increase in doping efficiency from 20% to 40% for heavily doped ternary blends...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Christina Tsitsimpikou, Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Demetrios A Spandidos, Aristides M Tsatsakis
Stanozolol is a synthetic heterocyclic steroid with anabolic and androgenic properties, which has been abused by several high-profile professional athletes. Stanozolol is also used in veterinary medicine to increase appetite, cause weight gain and treat certain types of anemia. The detection of stanozolol metabolites in human urine for doping control purposes depends on the analytical method applied. The most commonly applied methods in the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited doping control laboratories are gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC/HRMS) or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS)...
December 2016: Biomedical Reports
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