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Annelie Hansson, Heather Knych, Scott Stanley, Emma Berndtson, Liora Jackson, Ulf Bondesson, Mario Thevis, Mikael Hedeland
LGD-4033 has been found in human doping control samples and has the potential for illicit use in racehorses as well. It belongs to the pharmacological class of selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) and can stimulate muscle growth, much like anabolic steroids. However, SARMs have shown superior side effect profiles compared to anabolic steroids, which arguably makes them attractive for use by individuals seeking an unfair advantage over their competitors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the metabolites formed from LGD-4033 in the horse in order to find suitable analytical targets for doping controls...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Fanghao Hu, Chen Zeng, Rong Long, Yupeng Miao, Lu Wei, Qizhi Xu, Wei Min
Optical multiplexing has a large impact in photonics, the life sciences and biomedicine. However, current technology is limited by a 'multiplexing ceiling' from existing optical materials. Here we engineered a class of polyyne-based materials for optical supermultiplexing. We achieved 20 distinct Raman frequencies, as 'Carbon rainbow', through rational engineering of conjugation length, bond-selective isotope doping and end-capping substitution of polyynes. With further probe functionalization, we demonstrated ten-color organelle imaging in individual living cells with high specificity, sensitivity and photostability...
January 15, 2018: Nature Methods
Edurne Nuin, Vicent Lloret, Konstantin Amsharov, Frank Hauke, Gonzalo Abellán, Andreas Hirsch
The synthesis and characterization of a new type of a highly conjugated heterocyclic π-chromophore, consisting of a central triphenylene core fused with three perylene-monoimide units (star-shaped molecule) is described. By judicious bay-functionalization with tert-butylphenoxy substituents, aggregation was completely prevented in common organic solvents, allowing for a straightforward purification and, for the very first time, the complete separation of the constitutional isomers by HPLC. Both isomers can be easily distinguished by means of several conventional spectroscopic techniques...
January 15, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Lin Liu, Ya-Xia Yin, Jin-Yi Li, Shu-Hua Wang, Yu-Guo Guo, Li-Jun Wan
The lithium metal anode has attracted soaring attention as an ideal battery anode. Unfortunately, nonuniform Li nucleation results in uncontrollable growth of dendritic Li, which incurs serious safety issues and poor electrochemical performance, hindering its practical applications. Herein, this study shows that uniform Li nucleation/growth can be induced by an ultralight 3D current collector consisting of in situ nitrogen-doped graphitic carbon foams (NGCFs) to realize suppressing dendritic Li growth at the nucleating stage...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Baosong Li, Baojuan Xi, Zhenyu Feng, Yue Lin, Jincheng Liu, Jinkui Feng, Yitai Qian, Shenglin Xiong
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) are considered promising next-generation energy storage devices. However, a lack of appropriate high-performance anode materials has prevented further improvements. Here, a hierarchical porous hybrid nanosheet composed of interconnected uniform TiO2 nanoparticles and nitrogen-doped graphene layer networks (TiO2 @NFG HPHNSs) that are synthesized using dual-functional C3 N4 nanosheets as both the self-sacrificing template and hybrid carbon source is reported. These HPHNSs deliver high reversible capacities of 146 mA h g-1 at 5 C for 8000 cycles, 129 mA h g-1 at 10 C for 20 000 cycles, and 116 mA h g-1 at 20 C for 10 000 cycles, as well as an ultrahigh rate capability up to 60 C with a capacity of 101 mA h g-1 ...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Aravind Krishnamoorthy, Lindsay Bassman, Rajiv K Kalia, Aiichiro Nakano, Fuyuki Shimojo, Priya Vashishta
Optical modulation of the crystal structure and materials properties is an increasingly important technique for functionalization of two-dimensional and layered semiconductors, where traditional methods like chemical doping are ineffective. Controllable transformation between the semiconducting (H) and semimetallic (T') polytypes of transition metal chalcogenide monolayers is of central importance to two-dimensional electronics, and thermally-driven and strain-driven examples of this phase transformation have been previously reported...
January 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Jiali Pan, Xufeng Zhu, Xu Chen, Yingyu Zhao, Jie Liu
Recently, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) being used as nanomedicine have aroused great interest because of their unique photothermal properties. A simple liquid-phase method was used to prepare gadolinium (Gd3+)-doped molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) nanosheets, and then using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modification on the surface, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG nanosheets were obtained which had high stability in physiological solutions and showed no obvious toxicity in vivo. It revealed that Gd3+ used as a paramagnetic material for MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG provided a strong contrast effect in magnetic resonance imaging, furthermore, the MoSe2 showed strong absorption in the near infrared region, and therefore, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG could be used as contrast agent for photoacoustic imaging (PAI)...
January 15, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Shuangzhi Li, Lijun Liu, Qing Zhao, Chiyang He, Weikai Liu
Reducing Cr(vi) to Cr(iii) with formic acid is desirable for environmental protection, but the sluggish kinetics limits its practical application, which currently motivates the intensive study of efficient catalysts for this redox reaction. Here bimetallic PdCu nanoalloy (∼5 nm in size) supported by N-doped graphene was synthesized through a one-pot hydrothermal process. The catalytic activity of PdCu nanoalloy highly depends on the Pd/Cu atomic ratio and N-doped graphene support. The obtained Pd6Cu4/NG shows superior catalysis towards the Cr(vi) reduction by formic acid with a high kinetic constant (kn = 23...
January 15, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Shanyong Bao, Jing Ma, Teng Yang, Mingfeng Chen, Jiahui Chen, Shengli Pang, Ce-Wen Nan, Chonglin Chen
Oxygen vacancy dynamic behavior at room temperature in complex oxides was carefully explored by using a combining approach of ion liquid gating technique and resistance measurements. Heterostructures of PrBaCo2O5+δ/Gd2O3-doped CeO2 epitaxial thin films were fabricated on (001) Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 single crystal substrates for systematically investigating the oxygen redox dynamics. The oxygen dynamic change as response to the gating voltage and duration were precisely detected by in situ resistance measurements...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Rong Wang, Yikun Guo, Di Zhang, Huiqiong Zhou, Dahui Zhao, Yuan Zhang
Attaining control on charge injection properties is significant for meaningful applications of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs). Here, molecular electron-doping is applied with an air-stable dimer dopant for n-type OFETs based on (naphthalene diimide-diketopyrrolopyrrole) polymer hosts. Through investigating the doping effect on contact and transport properties, it is found that the electron transport increases in n-doped OFETs at low doping regime with remaining large on/off ratios. These favorable meliorations are reconciled by the mitigated impacts of contact resistance and interfacial traps, as well as the surface morphology exhibiting features of increased ordering...
January 15, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Yu Yu, Wei Yan, Xiaofang Wang, Pei Li, Wenyu Gao, Haihan Zou, Songmei Wu, Kejian Ding
Reinforcing the carrier separation is the key issue to maximize the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution (PHE) efficiency of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3 N4 ). By a surface engineering of gradual doping of graphited carbon rings within g-C3 N4 , suitable energy band structures and built-in electric fields are established. Photoinduced electrons and holes are impelled into diverse directions, leading to a 21-fold improvement in the PHE rate.
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ya-Qiong Su, Ivo A W Filot, Jin-Xun Liu, Emiel J M Hensen
Doping CeO2 with Pd atoms has been associated with catalytic CO oxidation, but current surface models do not allow CO adsorption. Here, we report a new structure of Pd-doped CeO2(111), in which Pd adopts a square planar configuration instead of the previously assumed octahedral configuration. Oxygen removal from this doped structure is favorable. The resulting defective Pd-doped CeO2 surface is active for CO oxidation and is also able to cleave the first C-H bond in methane. We show how the moderate CO adsorption energy and dynamic features of the Pd atom upon CO adsorption and CO oxidation contribute to a low-barrier catalytic cycle for CO oxidation...
January 5, 2018: ACS Catalysis
Na Guo, Kah Meng Yam, Xiaolu Wang, Chun Zhang
Recently, catalytic activity of atomically thin two dimensional (2d) materials has attracted great interests. In this paper, via first principles calculations, we show for the first time that N-doped 2d one-atom-thick ZnO nanosheets exhibit high catalytic activity towards CO oxidation. A pristine 2d ZnO nanosheet is chemically inert and as a result, CO and O2 molecules do not chemically bind on the nanosheet. Our calculations predict that the N doping activates the ZnO sheet, leading to strong CO and O2 adsorptions...
January 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Shucheng Sun, Yujia Wang, Xin Liu, Rao Fu, Li Yang
A tapered-capillary microextraction (tCap-μEx) combining with field-amplified stacking (FASI) method for CE analysis was developed. The tCap-μEx method is based on the construction of a micro solid phase extraction (SPE) column by narrowing the end of a silica capillary from 530µm (inner diameter) to 20µm, enabling the packing of 45µm sorbent particles without a frit. Various parameters that may affect the microextraction and FASI-CE analysis have been investigated and optimized. This study shows that microextraction exhibits advantages of small sample and sorbent volumes (less than 200μL sample and 2μL sorbent) and fast extraction time of 6min...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Fan Lin, Jiabai Cai, Yuehai Li, Huiwu Yu, Shunxing Li
Using ammonium molybdate and thiourea as precursors, nitrogen-doped MoO3 was produced by a one-step carbonization and then fixed into the cellulose filter paper (NMCP) with acrylic resin as a fixative. NMCP was designed as a multifunctional nanocomposite, i.e., solid phase adsorbent for Fe(III) preconcentration, photocatalyst for iron species transformation and color interference removal, and colorimetric sensor for Fe(III) determination. After photocatalysis, the complex of Fe-humic substances could be transformed into Fe(III) ions, the interference of colored organic matter (e...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Sen Liao, Xinyi Zhao, Fawei Zhu, Miao Chen, Zhiliang Wu, Xiangzhi Song, Hua Yang, Xiaoqing Chen
In this work, sulfur and nitrogen co-doped carbon dots (S,N-CQDs) as highly selective fluorescent probe for silver ion (Ag+) and cysteine (Cys) detection were designed and synthesized directly from citric acid and thiamine hydrochloride via a one-step hydrothermal protocol in 63.8% quantum yield. This probe enabled selective detection of Ag+ with a linear range of 0-10 and 10-250μM and a limit of detection of 0.40μM with respect to the variation in fluorescence induced by target concentration and electron-transfer from S,N-CQDs to Ag+...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Shuo Li, Qiong Wu, Pinyi Ma, Yue Zhang, Daqian Song, Xinghua Wang, Ying Sun
A novel surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor based on hollow gold nanospheres (HGNPs) and an improved sandwich assay was developed to detect rabbit IgG. The electromagnetic coupling between the HGNPs and Au film, and the notable plasmonic fields spread over the inner and outer surfaces of HGNPs, led to the considerable amplification of the SPR signal. Polydopamine-Ag@Fe3O4/reduced graphene oxide (PDA-Ag@Fe3O4/rGO) was introduced to bind detection antibody (Ab2) to form the improved sandwich structure. Ag nanoparticles were excited to produce SPR and their hot electrons were doped on graphene thin films, which amplified the response of biomolecules...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Yaoyao Zhou, Bo Ling, Hongqi Chen, Lun Wang
A novel fluorescence method for the determination of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and uric acid (UA) was developed. The procedure was based on the hydroxyl radicals (·OH), which effectively quenched the fluorescence of the Mn2+-doped NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs). Based on the property of Mn2+-doped NaYF4:Yb,Er upconversion nanoparticles, the Fenton reaction and enzymatic reaction of uric acid, this method could be used for highly sensitive detection of H2O2 and uric acid. Under optimal conditions, we observed that the fluorescence quenching signal showed good linearity with the H2O2 concentration in the range of 3...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
Jing Shuai, Binghui Ge, Jun Mao, Shaowei Song, Yumei Wang, Zhifeng Ren
Complex structures with versatile chemistry provide considerable chemical tunability of the transport properties. Good thermoelectric materials are generally extrinsically doped semiconductors with optimal carrier concentrations, while charged intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, interstitials) can also adjust the carriers, even in the compounds with no apparent deviation from a stoichiometric nominal composition. Here we report that in Zintl compounds Mg3+xSb1.5Bi0.5, the carrier concentration can be tuned from p-type to n-type by simply altering the initial Mg concentration...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Songjian Zhao, Dongyao Chen, Haomiao Xu, Jian Mei, Zan Qu, Ping Liu, Yong Cui, Naiqiang Yan
The zirconium metal-organic framework material UiO-66 was doped with Ag nanoparticles and investigated for the removal of elemental mercury (Hg0) in flue gas. Physical and chemical characterization of the adsorbents showed that adding Ag did not change the crystal structure and morphology of the UiO-66. Ag doping can improve the redox activity of UiO-66, and the adsorbent exhibited high thermal stability and surface area. Hg0 removal experiments indicated that UiO-66 exhibited the higher performance compared with P25 and activated carbon, and the addition of Ag exhibited a significant synergistic effect with the UiO-66, which had highest Hg0 adsorption capacity (3...
January 9, 2018: Chemosphere
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