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Maxim Ziatdinov, Artem Maksov, Li Li, Athena S Sefat, Petro Maksymovych, Sergei V Kalinin
Electronic interactions present in material compositions close to the superconducting dome play a key role in the manifestation of high-T c superconductivity. In many correlated electron systems, however, the parent or underdoped states exhibit strongly inhomogeneous electronic landscape at the nanoscale that may be associated with competing, coexisting, or intertwined chemical disorder, strain, magnetic, and structural order parameters. Here we demonstrate an approach based on a combination of scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and advanced statistical learning for an automatic separation and extraction of statistically significant electronic behaviors in the spin density wave regime of a lightly (∼1%) gold-doped BaFe2As2...
November 25, 2016: Nanotechnology
Neena Prasad, Karthikeyan Balasubramanian
We report, the enhanced photocatalytic behaviour of Cu doped ZnS micro crystals. ZnS and different concentrations of Cu doped ZnS microcrystals were prepared. X-ray diffraction confirms the crystalline and phase of the particles. Morphology and sizes were studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Recorded optical absorption spectra show a band for around 365nm for pure ZnS, but there is a broad band in the near infrared regime for the Cu-doped ZnS microcrystals which are attributed to the d-d transitions of Cu(2+) ions...
October 17, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Otmar M Ten Kate, Rong-Jun Xie, Chun-Yun Wang, Shiro Funahashi, Naoto Hirosaki
Novel Sr2-yEuyB2-2xSi2+3xAl2-xN8+x phosphors were investigated as a function of the boron and aluminum over silicon ratio and as a function of the Eu(2+) concentration. Samples were prepared via solid-state reaction synthesis by carefully controlling the synthesis conditions and composition. At high boron and aluminum content, that is, x = 0, a Eu(2+) 5d-4f emission is observed of which the maximum shifts from 595 nm for low Eu concentrations (y = 0.005) toward 623 nm for high Eu concentrations (y = 0.5). The samples can be excited by UV or blue light up to ∼475 nm...
October 25, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Jipeng Fu, Su Zhang, Ran Pang, Yonglei Jia, Wenzhi Sun, Haifeng Li, Lihong Jiang, Chengyu Li
Infrared (IR) light-emitting materials have wide applications. However, variety and economical accesses to obtain IR materials and devices are still limited, because the IR-emitting materials are always suffering from two obstacles, namely, lower absorption and lower emission efficiency. In this work, using a modified high-temperature solid-state reaction an efficient short-wavelength IR luminescent material is successfully synthesized. On the basis of the excellent luminescent properties, a convenient IR light-emitting diode (LED) device is fabricated by combining the novel IR material with a commercial UV LED chip...
October 25, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Arturo Carranza, María Guadalupe Pérez-García, Kunlin Song, George M Jeha, Zhenyu Diao, Rongying Jin, Nina Bogdanchikova, J Félix Armando Soltero, Mauricio Terrones, Qinglin Wu, John Anthony Pojman, Josue David Mota-Morales
We report an alternative green strategy based on deep-eutectic solvents (DES) to deliver multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for a bottom-up approach that allowing the selective interfacial functionalization of nonaqueous poly(high internal phase emulsions), poly(HIPEs). The formation and polymerization of methacrylic and styrenic HIPEs were possible through the stabilization with nitrogen doped carbon nanotube (CNX) and surfactant mixtures using a urea-choline chloride DES as a delivering phase. Subtle changes in CNX concentration (less than 0...
October 25, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hanyang Li, Yan Wang, Hui Li, Yundong Zhang, Jun Yang
Nanocrystals of Ln(3+) (Ln = Yb, Tm and Ho) doped β-NaLuF4 with average diameter about 200 nm are dispersed in silica-based microtube (MT) by a simple flame heating method. The fabricated microtube has a diameter range from 2 μm to 30 μm and lengths up to hundreds microns. The fluorescence of upconversion nanocrystals (UCNCs) can propagate along a single MT and couple into another MT through evanescent field. The guiding performance of the single UCNCs doped MT is measured to prove that it can be used as an active waveguide...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vandrangi Suresh, Jheng-Cyuan Lin, Heng-Jui Liu, Zaoli Zhang, Ping-Chih Chiang, Yu-Ching Hsun, Yi-Chun Chen, Jiunn-Yuan Lin, Ying-Hao Chu
The competition between superconductivity and ferromagnetism poses great challenges and has attracted renewed interest for applications in novel spintronic devices. In order to emphasize their interactions, we fabricated a heterostructure composed of superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-δ (YBCO) film embedded with itinerant ferromagnetic SrRuO3 (SRO) mesocrystals. Starting from a doping concentration of 10 vol% of SRO mesocrystal in a YBCO matrix, corresponding to the density of SRO nanocrystals ∼5 × 10(9) cm(-2), which exhibits the typical characteristic of a metal-superconductor transition, and then increasing the magnetic interactions as a function of SRO embedment, the electronic correlation and the interplay between superconductivity and magnetism throughout the temperature regime were investigated...
October 25, 2016: Nanoscale
Huan Wang, Mayue Shi, Kai Zhu, Zongming Su, Xiaoliang Cheng, Yu Song, Xuexian Chen, Zhiqiang Liao, Min Zhang, Haixia Zhang
As the essential element of a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG), friction layers play key roles that determine the device performance, which can be enhanced by material selection and surface modification. In this work, we have embedded aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surface as the effective dielectric layer to donate electrons. This layer not only increases the electron generation for the output, but also shows notable stretchability. The length and the properties of the aligned CNTs can be controlled precisely...
October 25, 2016: Nanoscale
Zhen Wang, Yuzhou Deng, Genli Shen, Sadia Akram, Ning Han, Yunfa Chen, Qi Wang
A Ce-Mn composite oxide possessing a rod-like morphology (with a fixed molar ratio of Ce/Mn=3:7) was synthesized through a hydrothermal method. Mn ions were doped into a CeO2 framework to replace Ce ions, thereby increasing the concentration of oxygen vacancies. The formation energies of O vacancies for the Ce-Mn composite oxide were calculated by applying density functional theory (DFT). The data showed that it was easier to form an O vacancy in the composite. The catalytic behavior of the Ce-Mn composite oxide for benzene degradation was researched in detail, which exhibited a higher activity than the pure phases...
October 2016: ChemistryOpen
Luigi di Bitonto, Angela Volpe, Michele Pagano, Giuseppe Bagnuolo, Giuseppe Mascolo, Valeria La Parola, Paola Di Leo, Carlo Pastore
Amorphous titanium hydroxide and boron-doped (B-doped) sodium titanates hydrates were synthetized and used as adsorbents for the removal of Pb(2+) from water. The use of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) and titanium(IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) as precursors permits a very easy synthesis of B-doped adsorbents at 298K. The new adsorbent materials were first chemically characterized (XRD, XPS, SEM, DRIFT and elemental analysis) and then tested in Pb(2+) adsorption batch experiments, in order to define kinetics and equilibrium studies...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Yan Chen, Kuiren Liu
Eliminating antibiotic remnants in aquatic environment has become one of the hottest topics among current research works. Thus, we prepared Ce, N co-doped TiO2/diatomite granule (CNTD-G) catalyst to provide a new method. As one typical antibiotics, oxytetracycline (OTC) was selected as the target pollutant to be degradated under visible light irradiation. The carrier diatomite helped the spread of TiO2 nanoparticles onto its surface, and inhibited their agglomeration. The synergy of Ce and N dopants highly improved the visible-light-driven photoactivity of TiO2...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Erin P Ward, James Wang, Natalie Mendez, Jian Yang, Chris Barback, Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, William Trogler, Andrew C Kummel, Sarah Blair
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the potential for ultrasound (US) visible biodegradable nanoshells (NS) as an alternative to wire-guided localization for nonpalpable tumors in vivo. METHODS: VX2 tumor was injected in bilateral thighs of 22 New Zealand rabbits and after 5 to 10 days, 1 tumor was marked with a wire as a control and the contralateral tumor was injected with 1 mL of 500 nm gas-filled silica NS under Doppler US. Tumors were excised after 24 hours...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Pan Deng, Li-Qiang Lu, Wei-Cheng Cao, Xi-Ke Tian
The phosphorescent l-cysteine modified manganese-doped zinc sulfide quantum dots (l-cys-MnZnS QDs) was developed for a highly sensitive detection of permanganate anions (MnO4(-)). l-cys-MnZnS QDs, which were easily synthesized in aqueous media using safe and low-cost materials, can emit intense phosphorescence even though the solution was not deoxygenated. However, the phosphorescence of l-cys-Mn-ZnS QDs was strongly quenched by MnO4(-) ascribed to the oxidation of l-cys and the increase of surface defects on l-cys-MnZnS QDs...
October 19, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
S K Jesudoss, J Judith Vijaya, L John Kennedy, P Iyyappa Rajan, Hamad A Al-Lohedan, R Jothi Ramalingam, K Kaviyarasu, M Bououdina
The present work describes the successful synthesize of spinel magnetic ferrite Mn1-xNixFe2O4 (x=0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 & 0.5) nanoparticles via a simple microwave combustion method which was then evaluated for its photocatalytic activity in the degradation of indigo carmine (IC) synthetic dye, a major water pollutant. Our results reveal that the synthesized of Ni(2+) doped MnFe2O4 nanoparticles possess well-crystalline pure cubic spinel phase, exhibit excellent optical and magnetic properties. Further, the photocatalytic performance of the synthesized nanoparticles at different concentration ratios of Ni(2+) ions was monitored by photocatalytic degradation of indigo carmine synthetic dye under UV (λ=365nm) light irradiation...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Ruoxi Wang, Dongju Zhang, Chengbu Liu
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are highly toxic to humans and the environment. Developing efficient methods to detect or remove these pollutants is particularly important and urgent. Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) with low dimension and high surface-to-volume ratio might be one of promising materials for the adsorption of PCDD/Fs. Here we present a density functional theory (DFT) study on the interaction of the pristine and Ni doped (8,0) single-walled BNNTs with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the most toxic congener among PCDD/F family...
October 21, 2016: Chemosphere
Richard A Boucher, Jürgen Bauch, Dietmar Wünsche, Gerhard Lackner, Anindya Majumder
X-ray detectors based on metal-oxide semiconductor field effect transistors couple instantaneous measurement with high accuracy. However, they only have a limited measurement lifetime because they undergo permanent degradation due to x-ray beam exposure. A field effect transistor based on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), however, overcomes this drawback of permanent degradation, because it can be reset into its starting state after being exposed to the x-ray beam. In this work the CNTs were deposited using a dielectrophoresis method on SiO2 coated p-type (boron-doped) Si substrates...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
Nirpendra Singh, Udo Schwingenschlögl
Realization of permanent valley polarization in Cr-doped monolayer MoS2 is found to be unfeasible because of extended moment formation. Introduction of an additional hole is suggested as a viable solution. V-doped monolayer MoS2 is demonstrated to sustain permanent valley polarization and therefore can serve as a prototype material for valleytronics.
October 24, 2016: Advanced Materials
Kimiko Aoki, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Makoto Ueki
When the tampering of a urine sample is suspected in doping control, personal identification of the sample needs to be determined by short tandem repeat (STR) analysis using DNA. We established a method for extracting DNA from urine samples stored at -20 °C without using any additives or procedures, which is consistent with how samples are required to be managed for doping control. The method, using the Puregene® Blood Core kit followed by NucleoSpin® gDNA Clean-up or NucleoSpin® gDNA Clean-up XS kit, does not need any special instrument and can provide a purified extract with high-quality DNA from up to 40 mL of urine suitable for STR analysis using an AmpFlSTR® Identifiler® PCR amplification kit...
October 24, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Jessica M Andriolo, Richard J Rossi, Casey A McConnell, Baili I Connors, Kevin Trout, M K Hailer, Marisa L Pedulla, Jack L Skinner
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have estimated that each year, two million people in the United States become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, of which, approximately 23 000 die as a direct result of these infections. Phage therapy, or the treatment of bacterial infection by specific, antagonistic viruses, provides one alternative to traditional antibiotics. Bacteriophages, or phages, are bacteriaspecific viruses that possess biological traits that allow for not only the removal of bacterial infection, but also the evasion of bacterial resistance which renders antibiotics ineffective...
October 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Hyunwoo Bark, Jeongmin Lee, Ho Sun Lim, Hye Young Koo, Wonmok Lee, Hyunjung Lee
We report a simple method for preparing highly efficient thermoelectric materials through the fabrication of nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide(GO) with a porous structure. The samples were produced by thermal annealing of GO/ nitrogen-rich polystyrene (N-PS) particle composite films using a colloidal templating method. N-PS particles were served as a nitrogen dopant source for the nitrogen-doped thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) as well as sacrificial particles for the porous structure. The S values of the porous TrGO films were negative, indicating that the samples were transformed into n-type materials...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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