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Wellness and Resilience

Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Kirsten Smith, Saara Bhanji, Rachelle Shepley, Andreja Modor, Andrew Bertrim
BACKGROUND: Investigations into the use of mindfulness with allied health and social care students, many of whom ultimately work in rehabilitation settings, is in the nascent stages and no systematic mapping of the literature has occurred. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify, summarise, and describe the current state of knowledge on mindfulness in allied health and social care professional education. METHODS: Arksey and O'Malley's scoping review methodology was adopted...
December 5, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Christine Migliorini, Libby Callaway, Sophie Moore, Grahame K Simpson
INTRODUCTION: The Family Outcome Measure (FOM-40) captures multidimensional data about well-being and capacity of family member as well as the relative with brain injury. This study aimed to produce a profile (positive and negative) of families supporting relatives with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and high support needs. METHODS: Thirty-eight dyads (family member plus relative with TBI and high daily support needs) participated in this cross-sectional survey-based pilot study...
December 4, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Linden Spital, Robert Chang, Anupama Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The increasing behavioral acuity and complexity of hospitalized patients overwhelms providers' capacity to effectively manage their behaviors. Hospitals must train their providers in how to cope with these behaviors to provide high-quality care. In addition to improved patient care, increased capacity to manage these challenging patients may improve resilience and reduce the risk and rates of provider burnout. We created a novel service to address this need via point-of-care resources...
December 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Hans Verstraelen, Alexander Swidsinski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bacterial vaginosis is conventionally appreciated as a temporary community disturbance of the vaginal microbiota, though really involving self-organization as a resilient biofilm community. We will briefly review here how recent findings on this matter may affect practice and research in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: The rapidly expanding literature base on the vaginal microbiome is largely based on 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid (rRNA) and cpn60 gene sequencing, with few studies accounting thus far for spatial microbiota organization...
November 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Laura Nimmon, Gil Kimel, Lorelei Lingard, Joanna Bates
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A holistic palliative approach for heart failure care emphasizes supporting nonprofessional informal caregivers. Informal caregivers play a vital role caring for heart failure patients. However, caregiving negatively affects informal caregivers' well being, and in turn heart failure patients' health outcomes. This opinion article proposes that complex adaptive systems (CAS) theory applied to heart failure models of care can support the resiliency of the heart failure patient - informal caregiver dyad...
November 30, 2018: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Cody S Clements, Douglas B Rasher, Andrew S Hoey, Victor E Bonito, Mark E Hay
Tropical reefs are commonly transitioning from coral- to macroalgal-dominance, producing abrupt, and often lasting, shifts in community composition and ecosystem function. Although negative effects of macroalgae on corals are well documented, whether such effects vary with spatial scale or the density of macroalgae remains inadequately understood, as does the legacy of their impact on coral growth. Using closely adjacent coral- versus macroalgal-dominated areas, we tested effects of macroalgal competition on the Indo-Pacific corals Acropora millepora and Porites cylindrica ...
2018: Marine Ecology Progress Series
Ayaka Isobe, Maya Izumi, Sumio Akifusa
The aim of this study was to investigate whether two aspects of resilience-acquired and innate resilience-were related to self-rated health status in registered dental hygienists and students. In May through July 2017, 405 students at three dental hygiene programs and 85 registered dental hygienists, all in Fukuoka prefecture in Japan, were invited to participate in a survey including three scales: the Bidimensional Resilience Scale (BRS) to assess innate and acquired resilience, the Stress Response Scale-18 (SRS-18) to assess daily stress responses, and the Sense of Coherence 13-item scale (SOC-13) to assess the sense of coherence...
December 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Christina N Massey, Emily H Feig, Laura Duque-Serrano, Deborah Wexler, Judith Tedlie Moskowitz, Jeff C Huffman
In patients with diabetes, psychological well-being constructs (e.g., optimism, positive affect) have been associated with superior medical outcomes, including better glucose control and lower mortality rates. Well-being interventions may be well-suited to individuals with diabetes, as they are simple to deliver, broadly applicable across a range of psychological distress, and may help increase self-efficacy and motivation for diabetes self-care. This systematic review, completed using PRISMA guidelines, examined peer-reviewed studies indexed in PubMed, PsycINFO, and/or Scopus between database inception and October 2017 that investigated the effects of well-being interventions (e...
November 27, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Galilee Thompson, Andrew Wrath, Krista Trinder, G Camelia Adams
Background: Medical students are susceptible to high levels of psychological stress, while being equipped with lower levels of resilience, especially females. Adult attachment is a known risk factor for a broad range of mental health difficulties and poor coping. The purpose of this study is to examine relationship attachment style, perceived stress, and resilience in medical students. Methods: Data was collected via an online survey using self-report measures from University of Saskatchewan undergraduate medical students ( n = 188)...
November 2018: Canadian Medical Education Journal
L Elisabeth Burton, Fares Qeadan, Mark R Burge
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and debilitating disorder among war veterans. Although complementary and alternative therapies are gaining acceptance in the treatment of PTSD, the efficacy of animal-based therapies in this disorder is unknown. The goal of equine-assisted psychotherapy (EAP) is to improve the social, emotional, and/or cognitive functions of individuals with PTSD. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the effects of EAP on PTSD symptoms...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Cristian J Chandler, Jordan M Sang, Leigh A Bukowski, Elí Andrade, Lisa A Eaton, Ronald D Stall, Derrick D Matthews
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) have the highest HIV incidence rates among all men who have sex with men (MSM) and have been less likely than other MSM to be diagnosed, linked or retained in care for HIV. The Promoting Our Worth, Equality, and Resilience (POWER) study administered a behavioral health survey and HIV test to BMSM to estimate the HIV continuum of care among a community-derived sample. Of the N = 1,680 BMSM living with HIV, n = 956 (56.9%) were aware of their HIV-positive status...
November 29, 2018: AIDS Care
Ana Raquel Nunes
BACKGROUND: Climate change and extreme temperatures pose increasing challenges to individuals and their health with older adults being one of the most vulnerable groups. The aim of this paper is to better understand the roles that tangible assets (e.g., physical or financial) and intangible assets (e.g., human or social) play in the way older adults adapt to extreme temperatures, the types of adaptive responses they implement, limits and constraints, as well opportunities for better adaptation...
2018: PloS One
Stuart Slavin
One of the earliest longitudinal efforts to improve medical student well-being, and perhaps the only one that has tracked mental health outcomes continuously, is the decade-long medical student well-being initiative at Saint Louis University School of Medicine. In this Invited Commentary, the author describes his experience leading that effort as the associate dean for curriculum to help inform more nascent efforts taking shape across the medical education continuum and in practice.Starting in 2006, a simple model with three components was developed to guide the new well-being initiative: (1) Reduce unnecessary stressors and enhance the learning environment; (2) Teach students skills to better manage their stress and provide and encourage them to use a range of psychological and emotional support resources; and (3) Create more opportunities for students to find meaning in their work...
November 27, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Szymon Szewrański, Małgorzata Świąder, Jan K Kazak, Katarzyna Tokarczyk-Dorociak, Joost van Hoof
The phenomena of urbanization and climate change interact with the growing number of older people living in cities. One of the effects of climate change is an increased riverine flooding hazard, and when floods occur this has a severe impact on human lives and comes with vast economic losses. Flood resilience management procedures should be supported by a combination of complex social and environmental vulnerability assessments. Therefore, new methodologies and tools should be developed for this purpose. One way to achieve such inclusive procedures is by incorporating a social vulnerability evaluation methodology for environmental and flood resilience assessment...
September 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Katherine von Stackelberg
Linked socioecological systems consist of economies in societies in nature and make explicit the relationship between the natural environment and human well-being using the language of ecosystem services. A growth-based economy within a constrained biophysical planet (e.g., human activities) has led to a need for ecosystem resilience. Valuation of ecosystem services using the language of economics appears insufficient in the face of human activity. All ecosystems are resilient but will demonstrate that resilience in unexpected and potentially unwanted ways, particularly as human pressures and influences lead to tipping points of extinction (e...
September 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Weiwei Zheng, Xinle Li, Daquan Liu, Jie Li, Shuang Yang, Zhe Gao, Zhaonan Wang, Hiroki Yokota, Ping Zhang
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease characterized by cartilage damage and abnormal remodeling of subchondral bone. Our previous study showed that in the early stage of OA, knee loading exerts protective effects by suppressing osteoclastogenesis through Wnt signaling, but little is known about loading effects at the late OA stage. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy are known to be involved in the late OA stage. We determined the effects of mechanical loading on ER stress and autophagy in OA mice. One hundred seventy-four mice were used for a surgery-induced OA model...
November 28, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Yeon-Shim Lee, Jarod T Giger, R Turner Goins, Daniel G Petereit, Michael J Lawler, Kyoung Hag Lee
Cancer is the leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) women, and depressive symptoms have been linked to higher mortality, but research on depressive symptoms among AIAN cancer patients has been scant. The purpose of this exploratory study was, using the Framework of Historical Oppression, Resilience, and Transcendence, to examine risk and protective factors related to depressive symptoms in American Indian (AI) women cancer survivors. We examined the relationships of adverse childhood experiences (ACE), perceived health status, resilience, and social support with depressive symptoms in Northern Plains AI women cancer survivors...
November 27, 2018: Women & Health
Edward J Robinson, Sebastian P Aguiar, Willemieke M Kouwenhoven, Dorinde S Starmans, Lars von Oerthel, Marten P Smidt, Lars P van der Heide
Mitochondria-dependent apoptosis plays an important role in the embryonic development of the midbrain dopaminergic system as well as in Parkinson's disease. Central to mitochondria-dependent apoptosis is the Bcl2 family of apoptosis-regulating proteins. However, it was unclear which Bcl2 proteins are important for the survival of dopaminergic neurons. Here, we identify Mcl1 as a critical Bcl2 pro-survival factor in midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Using a chemical biology approach to inhibit various components of the apoptotic machinery in the dopaminergic MN9D cell line or the control neuroblastoma N2A cell line, we find that functional inhibition of Mcl1 with the high affinity small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 results in a rapid and dose-dependent loss of viability, selectively in dopaminergic cells...
2018: Cell Death Discovery
Ningning Zhou, Wei Yu, Hui Huang, Guangyuan Shi, Haoxian Luo, Chao Song, Yilun Xing, Jianping Wang, Clare Killikelly
Background : Along with the implementation of the one-child policy in China, a special group of bereaved parents called 'shiduer' (), meaning parents bereaved by the loss of their only child, emerged. Although previous research has examined the physical and psychological health of this population, individual differences in physical and psychological outcomes are still not well understood. Objective : This study aimed to identify heterogenous subgroups of Chinese bereaved parents who lost their only child based on the physical and psychological health of this population as well as the predictive factors of each subgroup...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Sven Sachse, Iris Hunger
Unusual biological threats demand adequate preparedness efforts, as demonstrated, for example, by the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa in 2014/2015 and pandemic influenza in 2009/2010. In Germany, responsibilities for such efforts are located in different governmental authorities and differ from state to state. As a result, there are many different preparedness approaches using divergent core terminology.In this article a common definition for the term "unusual biological incident" is proposed...
November 26, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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