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Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics.

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593989/postoperative-care-of-symphysiotomy-performed-for-severe-shoulder-dystocia-with-fetal-demise
#1
Joy Anderson, R Moss Hampton, Jonathan Lugo
Background: Shoulder dystocia is an obstetric emergency which occurs in 0.2-3% of all births ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins-Obstetrics and The American College of Obstetrician and Gynecologists (2002) . Symphysiotomy is a treatment option reserved primarily for developing countries where mortality rates of Cesarean delivery are 1-2% Monjok et al. (2013) . Case: A G3P2002 with a history of two prior vaginal deliveries had a term delivery complicated by a severe shoulder dystocia...
April 2017: Case Reports in Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064970/practice-bulletin-no-184-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-delivery
#2
(no author information available yet)
Trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) refers to a planned attempt to deliver vaginally by a woman who has had a previous cesarean delivery, regardless of the outcome. This method provides women who desire a vaginal delivery the possibility of achieving that goal-a vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). In addition to fulfilling a patient's preference for vaginal delivery, at an individual level, VBAC is associated with decreased maternal morbidity and a decreased risk of complications in future pregnancies as well as a decrease in the overall cesarean delivery rate at the population level (1-3)...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937571/practice-bulletin-no-183-postpartum-hemorrhage
#3
(no author information available yet)
Maternal hemorrhage, defined as a cumulative blood loss of greater than or equal to 1,000 mL or blood loss accompanied by signs or symptoms of hypovolemia within 24 hours after the birth process, remains the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide (1). Additional important secondary sequelae from hemorrhage exist and include adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, loss of fertility, and pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome).Hemorrhage that leads to blood transfusion is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity in the United States closely followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation (2)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742673/practice-bulletin-no-181-prevention-of-rh-d-alloimmunization
#4
(no author information available yet)
Advances in the prevention and treatment of Rh D alloimmunization have been one of the great success stories of modern obstetrics. There is wide variation in prevalence rates of Rh D-negative individuals between regions, for example from 5% in India to 15% in North America (1). However, high birth rates in low prevalence areas means Rh hemolytic disease of the newborn is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in countries without prophylaxis programs (1). In such countries, 14% of affected fetuses are stillborn and one half of live born infants suffer neonatal death or brain injury (1)...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644336/practice-bulletin-no-180-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. However, debate continues to surround the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purposes of this document are the following: 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) review management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333819/practice-bulletin-no-177-obstetric-analgesia-and-anesthesia
#6
(no author information available yet)
Labor causes severe pain for many women. There is no other circumstance in which it is considered acceptable for an individual to experience untreated severe pain that is amenable to safe intervention while the individual is under a physician's care. Many women desire pain management during labor and delivery, and there are many medical indications for analgesia and anesthesia during labor and delivery. In the absence of a medical contraindication, maternal request is a sufficient medical indication for pain relief during labor...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942387/practice-bulletin-no-161-external-cephalic-version
#7
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, there is a widespread belief that the overall cesarean delivery rate is higher than necessary. Efforts are being directed toward decreasing the number of these procedures, in part by encouraging physicians to make changes in their management practices. Because breech presentations are associated with a high rate of cesarean delivery, there is renewed interest in techniques such as external cephalic version (ECV) and vaginal breech delivery. The purpose of this document is to provide information about ECV by summarizing the relevant evidence presented in published studies and to make recommendations regarding its use in obstetric practice...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942380/practice-bulletin-no-161-summary-external-cephalic-version
#8
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, there is a widespread belief that the overall cesarean delivery rate is higher than necessary. Efforts are being directed toward decreasing the number of these procedures, in part by encouraging physicians to make changes in their management practices. Because breech presentations are associated with a high rate of cesarean delivery, there is renewed interest in techniques such as external cephalic version (ECV) and vaginal breech delivery. The purpose of this document is to provide information about ECV by summarizing the relevant evidence presented in published studies and to make recommendations regarding its use in obstetric practice...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488523/acog-practice-bulletin-no-154-operative-vaginal-delivery
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488515/acog-practice-bulletin-no-154-summary-operative-vaginal-delivery
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23969827/practice-bulletin-no-137-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#11
(no author information available yet)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common medical complications of pregnancy. Debate continues to surround both the diagnosis and treatment of GDM despite several recent large-scale studies addressing these issues. The purpose of this document is to 1) provide a brief overview of the understanding of GDM, 2) provide management guidelines that have been validated by appropriately conducted clinical research, and 3) identify gaps in current knowledge toward which future research can be directed...
August 2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23168789/practice-bulletin-no-132-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#12
(no author information available yet)
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder defined by the presence of characteristic clinical features and specified levels of circulating antiphospholipid antibodies (Box 1 and Box 2). Diagnosis requires that at least one clinical and one laboratory criterion are met. Because approximately 70% of individuals with APS are female (1), it is reasonably prevalent among women of reproductive age. Antiphospholipid antibodies are a diverse group of antibodies with specificity for binding to negatively charged phospholipids on cell surfaces...
December 2012: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23051962/surgical-treatment-of-stage-ib-cervical-cancer
#13
László Ungár, László Pálfalvi, László Tarnai, Valentina Nechushkina, Balázs Lintner, Zoltán Novák
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence originating from the pelvic lymph node containing fibro-fatty tissue has consistently been identified as the most frequent pattern of treatment failure in early-stage cervical cancer. A surgical technique for the complete removal of the connective tissue content of the pelvis was introduced at St. Stephen Hospital in 1993 to improve oncological outcome by reducing the risk of recurrence from the pelvis. Efficacy and toxicity of the procedure were studied in 563 patients with stage IB cervical cancer with a completed 5-year follow-up...
November 2012: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22996126/practice-bulletin-no-130-prediction-and-prevention-of-preterm-birth
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22617615/acog-practice-bulletin-no-127-management-of-preterm-labor
#15
(no author information available yet)
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and the most common reason for antenatal hospitalization(1–4). In the United States, approximately 12% of all live births occur before term, and preterm labor preceded approximately 50% of these preterm births (5, 6). Although the causes of preterm labor are not well understood, the burden of preterm births is clear—preterm births account for approximately 70% of neonatal deaths and 36% of infant deaths as well as 25–50% of cases of long-term neurologic impairment in children (7–9)...
June 2012: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21860314/practice-bulletin-no-124-inherited-thrombophilias-in-pregnancy
#16
Charles Lockwood, George Wendel
Inherited thrombophilias are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism and also have been linked to adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, there is limited evidence to guide screening for and management of these conditions in pregnancy. The purpose of this document is to review common thrombophilias and their association with maternal venous thromboembolism risk and adverse pregnancy outcomes, indications for screening to detect these conditions, and management options in pregnancy.
September 2011: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21860313/practice-bulletin-no-123-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy
#17
Andra James
Pregnant women have a fourfold to fivefold increased risk of thromboembolism compared with nonpregnant women (1, 2). Approximately 80% of thromboembolic events in pregnancy are venous (3), with a prevalence of 0.5–2.0 per 1,000 pregnant women (4–9). Venous thromboembolism, including pulmonary embolism, accounts for 1.1 deaths per 100,000 deliveries (3), or 9 % of all maternal deaths in the United States (10). In the developing world, the leading cause of maternal death is hemorrhage (11); however, in developed nations, where hemorrhage is more often successfully treated and prevented, thromboembolic disease is one of the leading causes of death (12)...
September 2011: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21422879/acog-practice-bulletin-no-119-female-sexual-dysfunction
#18
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2011: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21173671/acog-practice-bulletin-no-118-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2011: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20308860/acog-practice-bulletin-no-111-inherited-thrombophilias-in-pregnancy
#20
(no author information available yet)
Inherited thrombophilias are associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism and also have been linked to adverse outcomes in pregnancy. However, there is limited evidence to guide screening for and management of these conditions in pregnancy. The purpose of this document is to review common thrombophilias and their association with maternal venous thromboembolism risk and adverse pregnancy outcomes, indications for screening to detect these conditions, and management options in pregnancy.
April 2010: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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