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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270432/preference-for-realistic-art-predicts-support-for-brexit-1
#1
Noah Carl, Lindsay Richards, Anthony Heath
Following the UK's EU referendum in June 2016, there has been considerable interest from scholars in understanding the characteristics that differentiate Leave supporters from Remain supporters. Since Leave supporters score higher on conscientiousness but lower on neuroticism and openness, and given their general proclivity toward conservatism, we hypothesized that preference for realistic art would predict support for Brexit. Data on a large nationally representative sample of the British population were obtained, and preference for realistic art was measured using a four-item binary choice test...
September 30, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268806/efficacy-of-internet-delivered-mindfulness-for-improving-depression-in-caregivers-of-people-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-chronic-neuropathic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-trial
#2
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Imogen Cotter, Katherine Anne Finlay
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of web-based mindfulness training for carers of people with spinal cord injury (SCI) DESIGN: Randomized controlled feasibility study with three-month follow-up. SETTING: Community setting. PARTICIPANTS: Spouses/family caregivers of people with SCI and chronic neuropathic pain were recruited via the direct care team and advertisements. Participants were aged over 18 years (no upper age limit), with internet access for the duration of the study...
September 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241320/interventions-to-improve-vaccination-uptake-and-cost-effectiveness-of-vaccination-strategies-in-newly-arrived-migrants-in-the-eu-eea-a-systematic-review
#3
Charles Hui, Jessica Dunn, Rachael Morton, Lukas P Staub, Anh Tran, Sally Hargreaves, Christina Greenaway, Beverly Ann Biggs, Robin Christensen, Kevin Pottie
Newly arrived migrants to the EU/EEA (arrival within the past five years), as well as other migrant groups in the region, might be under-immunised and lack documentation of previous vaccinations, putting them at increased risk of vaccine-preventable diseases circulating in Europe. We therefore performed a systematic review conforming to PRISMA guidelines (PROSPERO CRD42016045798) to explore: (i) interventions that improve vaccine uptake among migrants; and (ii) cost-effectiveness of vaccination strategies among this population...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214705/prevalence-and-psychological-impact-of-acne-vulgaris-among-female-secondary-school-students-in-arar-city-saudi-arabia-in-2018
#4
Manal Saeed Alanazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common heath problem affecting adolescents with considerable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of Acne vulgaris and its psychological impact among female secondary school students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from January to March 2018, among all female secondary school students in 3 randomly selected schools, in Arar city (Saudi Arabia)...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175414/family-health-strategy-associated-with-increased-dental-visitation-among-preschool-children-in-brazil
#5
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Mixianni Justo Fortuna, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
BACKGROUND: Early-life dental service utilization could improve child dental health. AIM: Identify contextual, socioeconomic, and child characteristics associated with dental visitation by age 3 years. DESIGN: Within a Brazilian birth cohort (N = 435), multivariable regression models were fitted to identify independent predictors of having made a dental visit at age 3 years. Contextual variables considered included health center type (Traditional vs...
November 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172675/alcohol-prescription-drug-misuse-sexual-violence-and-dating-violence-among-high-school-youth
#6
Dorothy L Espelage, Jordan P Davis, Kathleen C Basile, Whitney L Rostad, Ruth W Leemis
PURPOSE: Sexual violence (SV), teen dating violence (TDV), and substance use are significant public health concerns among U.S. adolescents. This study examined whether latent classes of baseline alcohol and prescription drug misuse longitudinally predict SV and TDV victimization and perpetration (i.e., verbal, relational, physical/threatening, and sexual) 1 year later. METHODS: Students from six Midwestern high schools (n = 1,875; grades 9-11) completed surveys across two consecutive spring semesters...
August 29, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165504/cognitive-reserve-attenuates-the-effect-of-disability-on-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Margaret H Cadden, Erin T Guty, Peter A Arnett
Objective: The current study explored the moderating role of cognitive reserve on the relationship between disability and depression in a sample of individuals in which brain pathology is thought to contribute to depression (multiple sclerosis; MS). Method: Fifty-four individuals with MS were examined. Depression was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). In addition to collecting demographic (education) and disease burden (Expanded Disability Status Scale; EDSS) related variables, participants completed a neuropsychological test battery and psychosocial questionnaires...
August 28, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30111722/impact-of-a-modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-on-dietary-variety-and-food-preferences-in-infants
#8
Brittany J Morison, Anne-Louise M Heath, Jillian J Haszard, Karen Hein, Elizabeth A Fleming, Lisa Daniels, Elizabeth W Erickson, Louise J Fangupo, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Rachael W Taylor
The aim of this study was to determine whether food variety and perceived food preferences differ in infants following baby-led instead of traditional spoon-feeding approaches to introducing solids. A total of 206 women (41.3% primiparous) were recruited in late pregnancy from a single maternity hospital (response rate 23.4%) and randomized to Control (n = 101) or BLISS (n = 105) groups. All participants received government-funded Well Child care. BLISS participants also received support to exclusively breastfeed to 6 months and three educational sessions on BLISS (Baby-Led Weaning, modified to reduce the risk of iron deficiency, growth faltering, and choking) at 5...
August 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073338/teaching-medical-students-about-health-systems-science-and-osteopathic-principles-and-practice-using-a-virtual-world-the-envision-community-health-center
#9
Lise McCoy, Joy H Lewis, Thomas Bennett, Monica Fernandez, Deborah M Heath, Frederic N Schwartz
Medical education technology initiatives can be used to prepare osteopathic medical students for modern primary care practice and to provide students with training to serve vulnerable populations. Over academic years 2014 through 2017, the authors designed and implemented 26 case studies using patient simulations through a virtual community health center (CHC). First-year students, who were preparing for clinical training in CHCs, and second-year students, who were training in CHCs, completed the simulation case studies, gaining practice in clinical reasoning, Health Systems Science, and applied osteopathic principles and practice...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996823/predictors-of-consent-to-cell-line-creation-and-immortalisation-in-a-south-african-schizophrenia-genomics-study
#10
Megan M Campbell, Jantina de Vries, Sibonile G Mqulwana, Michael M Mndini, Odwa A Ntola, Deborah Jonker, Megan Malan, Adele Pretorius, Zukiswa Zingela, Stephanus Van Wyk, Dan J Stein, Ezra Susser
BACKGROUND: Cell line immortalisation is a growing component of African genomics research and biobanking. However, little is known about the factors influencing consent to cell line creation and immortalisation in African research settings. We contribute to addressing this gap by exploring three questions in a sample of Xhosa participants recruited for a South African psychiatric genomics study: First, what proportion of participants consented to cell line storage? Second, what were predictors of this consent? Third, what questions were raised by participants during this consent process? METHODS: 760 Xhose people with schizophrenia and 760 controls were matched to sex, age, level of education and recruitment region...
July 11, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950456/impact-of-a-modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-on-iron-intake-and-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Lisa Daniels, Rachael W Taylor, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Elizabeth A Fleming, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Jillian J Haszard, Anne-Louise M Heath
OBJECTIVE: To determine the iron intake and status of infants following a version of baby-led weaning (BLW) modified to prevent iron deficiency (Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS; BLISS) compared with those of infants following traditional spoon-feeding. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: This randomised controlled trial included 206 participants assigned to control (n=101) or BLISS (n=105) groups. Both groups received standard midwifery and 'Well Child' care...
June 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930197/an-educational-intervention-to-improve-inpatient-documentation-of-high-risk-diagnoses-by-pediatric-residents
#12
Deepa Kulkarni, Jayme Heath, Amanda Kosack, Nicholas J Jackson, Audrey Crummey
OBJECTIVES: Diagnoses extracted from physician notes are used to calculate hospital quality metrics; failure to document high-risk diagnoses may lead to the appearance of worse-than-expected outcomes for complex patients. Academic hospitals often rely on documentation authored by trainees, yet residents receive little training in this regard. In this study, we evaluate inpatient pediatric resident notes to determine which high-risk diagnoses are commonly missed and assess the efficacy of a multitiered intervention to improve the documentation of these diagnoses...
July 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929388/mental-health-in-the-cree-peoples-of-northern-quebec-relationships-among-trauma-familial-psychological-distress-and-mood-or-anxiety-disorders
#13
Laura M Heath, Jill Torrie, Kathryn J Gill
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the physical and mental health of Cree adults, as well as the personal, clinical, and environmental factors associated with the presence of lifetime anxiety and mood disorders. METHODS: Mental health was assessed using the computerised version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (CDIS-IV), and standardised instruments were used to assess physical health, addiction severity, and psychological distress in 506 randomly selected participants from 4 Northern Cree communities in Quebec...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880769/impact-of-a-modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-on-infant-food-and-nutrient-intakes-the-bliss-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Liz Williams Erickson, Rachael W Taylor, Jillian J Haszard, Elizabeth A Fleming, Lisa Daniels, Brittany J Morison, Claudia Leong, Louise J Fangupo, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Lisa Te Morenga, Rachael M McLean, Anne-Louise M Heath
Despite growing international interest in Baby-Led Weaning (BLW), we know almost nothing about food and nutrient intake in infants following baby-led approaches to infant feeding. The aim of this paper was to determine the impact of modified BLW (i.e., Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS; BLISS) on food and nutrient intake at 7⁻24 months of age. Two hundred and six women recruited in late pregnancy were randomized to Control ( n = 101) or BLISS ( n = 105) groups. All participants received standard well-child care...
June 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865163/frontiers-in-gastrointestinal-oncology-advances-in-multi-disciplinary-patient-care
#15
Nelson S Yee, Eugene J Lengerich, Kathryn H Schmitz, Jennifer L Maranki, Niraj J Gusani, Leila Tchelebi, Heath B Mackley, Karen L Krok, Maria J Baker, Claire de Boer, Julian D Yee
Cancers of the digestive system remain highly lethal; therefore, the care of patients with malignant diseases of the digestive tract requires the expertise of providers from multiple health disciplines. Progress has been made to advance the understanding of epidemiology and genetics, diagnostic and screening evaluation, treatment modalities, and supportive care for patients with gastrointestinal cancers. At the Multi-Disciplinary Patient Care in Gastrointestinal Oncology conference at the Hershey Country Club in Hershey, Pennsylvania on 29 September 2017, the faculty members of the Penn State Health Milton S...
June 1, 2018: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29842967/parental-feeding-practices-associated-with-children-s-eating-and-weight-what-are-parents-of-toddlers-and-preschool-children-doing
#16
Catherine Georgina Russell, Jillian J Haszard, Rachael W Taylor, Anne-Louise M Heath, Barry Taylor, Karen J Campbell
Parental feeding practices are associated with children's eating behaviours and weight, yet current use of such practices lacks detailed description. This limits our understanding of which behaviours to target to promote healthy growth. We explored the frequency with which a range of parental feeding practices occurs in mothers of toddler and preschool children. Combined data from four Australasian trials of healthy feeding and growth were utilized, each using the Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire (CFPQ)...
September 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803269/modified-version-of-baby-led-weaning-does-not-result-in-lower-zinc-intake-or-status-in-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lisa Daniels, Rachael W Taylor, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Samir Samman, Benjamin J Wheeler, Barry J Taylor, Elizabeth A Fleming, Nicola K Hartley, Anne-Louise M Heath
BACKGROUND: Little is known about zinc intakes and status during complementary feeding. This is particularly true for baby-led approaches, which encourage infants to feed themselves from the start of complementary feeding, although self-feeding may restrict the intake of zinc-rich foods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the zinc intakes, sources, and biochemical zinc status of infants following Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS), a modified version of Baby-Led Weaning (BLW), compared with traditional spoon-feeding...
June 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773205/the-role-of-pre-sleep-cognitions-in-adolescent-sleep-onset-problems
#18
Melanie Heath, Anna Johnston, Hayley Dohnt, Michelle Short, Michael Gradisar
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between pre-sleep cognitions and sleep-onset difficulties in an adolescent sample. METHODS: Participants comprised 385 students (59% male) from grades 9 to 11, aged between 13 and 18 years (M = 15.6, SD = 1.0), from eight co-educational high schools of varied socio-economic status in metropolitan Adelaide, South Australia. The cross-sectional study used a questionnaire battery including the Sleep Anticipatory Anxiety Questionnaire -Adolescent Version (SAAQ-A), completed during school time, followed by eight days of sleep diary completion and wearing wrist actigraphy to obtain subjective and objective sleep onset latency (SOL)...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764638/health-literacy-of-student-pharmacists
#19
Cheyenne Newsome, Indika Mallawaarachchi, Jessica Conklin, Gretchen Ray
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the health literacy levels of doctorate of pharmacy students. A secondary objective was to determine if a correlation exists between age, degree prior to pharmacy school, work experience, and health literacy status among these students. METHODS: Participants were first year doctorate of pharmacy students at an accredited college of pharmacy in the Southwestern United States. The design was cross-sectional...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722008/veterinary-education-how-we-got-to-where-we-are
#20
T Heath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
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