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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899641/3d-genome-structure-modeling-by-lorentzian-objective-function
#1
Tuan Trieu, Jianlin Cheng
The 3D structure of the genome plays a vital role in biological processes such as gene interaction, gene regulation, DNA replication and genome methylation. Advanced chromosomal conformation capture techniques, such as Hi-C and tethered conformation capture, can generate chromosomal contact data that can be used to computationally reconstruct 3D structures of the genome. We developed a novel restraint-based method that is capable of reconstructing 3D genome structures utilizing both intra-and inter-chromosomal contact data...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898949/modeling-response-to-heat-stress-in-pigs-from-nucleus-and-commercial-farms-in-different-locations-in-the-united-states
#2
B O Fragomeni, D A L Lourenco, S Tsuruta, S Andonov, K Gray, Y Huang, I Misztal
The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of seasonal losses due to heat stress in different environments and genetic group combinations. Data were available for 2 different swine populations: purebred Duroc animals raised in nucleus farms in Texas and North Carolina and crosses of Duroc and F females (Landrace × Large White) raised in commercial farms in Missouri and North Carolina; pedigrees provided links between animals from different states. Traits included BW at harvest age for purebred animals and HCW for crossbred animals...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898777/synchrotron-based-x-ray-spectroscopy-studies-for-redox-based-remediation-of-lead-zinc-and-cadmium-in-mine-waste-materials
#3
Ranju R Karna, Ganga M Hettiarachchi, Matthew Newville, ChengJun Sun, Qing Ma
Several studies have examined the effect of submergence on the mobility of metals present in mine waste materials. This study examines the effect of organic carbon (OC) and sulfur (S) additions and submergence time on redox-induced biogeochemical transformations of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd) present in mine waste materials collected from the Tri-State mining district located in southeastern Kansas, southwestern Missouri, and northeastern Oklahoma. A completely randomized design, with a two-way treatment structure, was used for conducting a series of column experiments...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870054/a-plant-growth-form-dataset-for-the-new-world
#4
K Engemann, B Sandel, B Boyle, B J Enquist, P M Jørgensen, J Kattge, B J McGill, N Morueta-Holme, R K Peet, N J Spencer, C Violle, S K Wiser, J-C Svenning
This dataset provides growth form classifications for 67,413 vascular plant species from North, Central, and South America. The data used to determine growth form were compiled from five major integrated sources and two original publications: the Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN), the Plant Trait Database (TRY), the SALVIAS database, the USDA PLANTS database, Missouri Botanical Garden's Tropicos database, Wright (2010), and Boyle (1996). We defined nine plant growth forms based on woodiness (woody or non-woody), shoot structure (self-supporting or not self-supporting), and root traits (rooted in soil, not rooted in soil, parasitic or aquatic): Epiphyte, Liana, Vine, Herb, Shrub, Tree, Parasite, or Aquatic...
November 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867843/the-laparoscopic-approach-for-repair-of-indirect-inguinal-hernias-in-infants-and-children
#5
REVIEW
David Juang, Jason D Fraser, George W Holcomb
Repair of an indirect inguinal hernia is one of the most common operations performed around the world by pediatric surgeons. Until the last 15 years, most inguinal hernia repairs were performed using an inguinal crease incision and extraperitoneal ligation of the patent processes vaginalis. However, since 2000, the laparoscopic approach has gained popularity and there have been increasing descriptions about various techniques for laparoscopic hernia (LH) repair. At our institution, we have transitioned the majority of inguinal hernia repairs to the laparoscopic approach...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863869/similarities-and-differences-in-occurrence-and-temporal-fluctuations-in-glyphosate-and-atrazine-in-small-midwestern-streams-usa-during-the-2013-growing-season
#6
Barbara J Mahler, Peter C Van Metre, Thomas E Burley, Keith A Loftin, Michael T Meyer, Lisa H Nowell
Glyphosate and atrazine are the most intensively used herbicides in the United States. Although there is abundant spatial and temporal information on atrazine occurrence at regional scales, there are far fewer data for glyphosate, and studies that compare the two herbicides are rare. We investigated temporal patterns in glyphosate and atrazine concentrations measured weekly during the 2013 growing season in 100 small streams in the Midwestern United States. Glyphosate was detected in 44% of samples (method reporting level 0...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854449/state-psychology-licensure-questions-about-mental-illness-and-compliance-with-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#7
Jennifer E Boyd, Bruce Graunke, Frederick J Frese, James T R Jones, Jennifer W Adkins, Ronald Bassman
State licensing boards have obligations to protect the public from impaired professionals and to protect the rights of professionals applying for licensure. Competently functioning professionals who have or have had a mental health diagnosis or are being treated for a mental health condition should not be screened out, according to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). A review of case law shows applicable precedents from discrimination among physicians and lawyers but not, to date, among psychologists...
2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853920/level-of-integration-of-community-health-workers-in-missouri-health-systems
#8
Darson Rhodes, Joseph Visker, Carol Cox, J Christian Banez, Anna Wang
The purpose of this study was to describe the level of integration of community health workers (CHWs) into Missouri public healthcare systems using a cross-sectional survey research design. Representatives of all Missouri Local Public Health Agencies, Rural Health Clinics, and Federally Qualified Health Centers were pre-contacted by telephone to provide the electronic mail of the most knowledgeable person in the facility/location to complete a brief electronic survey on their use of CHWs. 103 representatives of the 273 (37...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850081/441-bedside-ultrasound-training-for-university-of-missouri-internal-medicine-residents
#9
Tabitha Ku, Julie Alexander, Joseph Puetz, Tushar Tarun, Devin Kennedy, Angel Peralta, Harjyot Sohal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846302/multi-isotopic-%C3%AE-2h-%C3%AE-13c-%C3%AE-15n-tracing-of-molt-origin-for-red-winged-blackbirds-associated-with-agro-ecosystems
#10
Scott J Werner, Keith A Hobson, Steven L Van Wilgenburg, Justin W Fischer
We analyzed stable-hydrogen (δ2H), carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ 15N) isotope ratios in feathers to better understand the molt origin and food habits of Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) near sunflower production in the Upper Midwest and rice production in the Mid-South of the United States. Outer primary feathers were used from 661 after-second-year (ASY) male blackbirds collected in Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota (spring collection), and Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri and Texas (winter collection)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843759/exploring-associations-between-perceived-home-and-work-neighborhood-environments-diet-behaviors-and-obesity-results-from-a-survey-of-employed-adults-in-missouri
#11
Rachel Tabak, J Aaron Hipp, Elizabeth A Dodson, Lin Yang, Deepti Adlakha, Ross C Brownson
Dietary behaviors are associated with obesity, and may be influenced by the environment. The objective of the current work was to investigate whether perceptions of built environment factors related to eating in the residential neighborhood will have different, independent associations with BMI and dietary behaviors than perceived built environment factors in the worksite neighborhood. In 2012-2013, a cross-sectional telephone-survey of Missouri adults (n = 2015) assessed perceptions of home and workplace built environment factors related to eating, dietary behaviors, and height and weight...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843423/exploring-health-information-exchange-implementation-using-qualitative-assessments-of-nursing-home-leaders
#12
Gregory L Alexander, Lori Popejoy, Vanessa Lyons, Sue Shumate, Jessica Mueller, Colleen Galambos, Amy Vogelsmeier, Marilyn Rantz, Marcia Flesner
OBJECTIVES: Limited research exists on nursing home information technologies, such as health information exchange (HIE) systems. Capturing the experiences of early HIE adopters provides vital information about how these systems are used. In this study, we conduct a secondary analysis of qualitative data captured during interviews with 15 nursing home leaders representing 14 nursing homes in the midwestern United States that are part of the Missouri Quality Improvement Initiative (MOQI) national demonstration project...
2016: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821047/chromosome3d-reconstructing-three-dimensional-chromosomal-structures-from-hi-c-interaction-frequency-data-using-distance-geometry-simulated-annealing
#13
Badri Adhikari, Tuan Trieu, Jianlin Cheng
BACKGROUND: Reconstructing three-dimensional structures of chromosomes is useful for visualizing their shapes in a cell and interpreting their function. In this work, we reconstruct chromosomal structures from Hi-C data by translating contact counts in Hi-C data into Euclidean distances between chromosomal regions and then satisfying these distances using a structure reconstruction method rigorously tested in the field of protein structure determination. RESULTS: We first evaluate the robustness of the overall reconstruction algorithm on noisy simulated data at various levels of noise by comparing with some of the state-of-the-art reconstruction methods...
November 7, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818116/health-supply-utilization-at-a-boy-scout-summer-camp-an-evaluation-for-improvement-and-preparedness
#14
Ross T Miller, Bradley E Barth
OBJECTIVE: To describe the health conditions treated by a health services center at a Boy Scout summer camp and make recommendations for appropriate resources and supplies. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of health center utilization at a Boy Scout camp in central Missouri during the summers of 2012 and 2013. Health logbook data were compiled and analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistics. RESULTS: During the study period 19,771 camp participants made 1586 visits to the health care center...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810951/does-availability-of-worksite-supports-for-physical-activity-differ-by-industry-and-occupation
#15
Elizabeth A Dodson, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Lin Yang, Christine M Marx, Rachel G Tabak, Ross C Brownson
PURPOSE: To explore combinations of worksite supports (WSS) for physical activity (PA) that may assist employees in meeting PA recommendations and to investigate how availability of WSS differs across industries and occupations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Several Missouri metropolitan areas. PARTICIPANTS: Adults employed >20 h/wk outside the home. MEASURES: Survey utilized existing self-reported measures (eg, presence of WSS for PA) and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798780/knowing-your-limits-a-qualitative-study-of-physician-and-nurse-practitioner-perspectives-on-np-independence-in-primary-care
#16
Elena Kraus, James M DuBois
BACKGROUND: The shortage of primary care providers and the provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) have spurred discussion about expanding the number, scope of practice (SOP), and independence of primary care nurse practitioners (NPs). Such discussions in the media and among professional organizations may insinuate that changes to the laws governing NP practice will engender acrimony between practicing physicians and NPs. However, we lack empirical, descriptive data on how practicing professionals view NP independence in primary care...
October 31, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795338/clinical-microbiology-laboratories-adoption-of-culture-independent-diagnostic-tests-are-a-threat-to-food-borne-disease-surveillance-in-the-united-states
#17
Shari Shea, Kristy A Kubota, Hugh Maguire, Stephen Gladbach, Amy Woron, Robyn Atkinson-Dunn, Marc Roger Couturier, Melissa B Miller
In November, 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sent a letter to State and Territorial epidemiologists, State and Territorial public health laboratory directors, and State and Territorial health officials. In this letter, culture independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) for detection for enteric pathogens were characterized as "a serious and current threat to public health surveillance, particularly for Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) and Salmonella." The document says CDC and its public health partners are approaching this issue, in part, by "reviewing regulatory authority in public health agencies to require culture isolates or specimen submission if CIDTs are used...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787628/enso-and-pdo-related-climate-variability-impacts-on-midwestern-united-states-crop-yields
#18
Chasity Henson, Patrick Market, Anthony Lupo, Patrick Guinan
An analysis of crop yields for the state of Missouri was completed to determine if an interannual or multidecadal variability existed as a result of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Corn and soybean yields were recorded in kilograms per hectare for each of the six climate regions of Missouri. An analysis using the Mokhov "method of cycles" demonstrated interannual, interdecadal, and multidecadal variations in crop yields. Cross-spectral analysis was used to determine which region was most impacted by ENSO and PDO influenced seasonal (April-September) temperature and precipitation...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771840/comparing-treatment-and-outcomes-of-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-among-women-in-missouri-by-race
#19
Chinwe C Madubata, Ying Liu, Melody S Goodman, Shumei Yun, Jennifer Yu, Min Lian, Graham A Colditz
PURPOSE: To investigate whether treatment (surgery, radiation therapy, and endocrine therapy) contributes to racial disparities in outcomes of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The analysis included 8184 non-Hispanic White and 954 non-Hispanic Black women diagnosed with DCIS between 1996 and 2011 and identified in the Missouri Cancer Registry. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) of treatment for race. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of ipsilateral breast tumor (IBT) and contralateral breast tumor (CBT) for race...
October 22, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753542/rural-and-urban-suburban-families-use-of-a-web-based-mental-health-intervention
#20
Brian E Bunnell, Tatiana M Davidson, Daniel Dewey, Matthew Price, Kenneth J Ruggiero
: Background/Introduction: Access to mental healthcare among rural residents is a national concern because unique barriers (e.g., fewer providers, distance to services) create significant challenges for the 60 million Americans who live in these settings. There is now a large body of literature demonstrating the efficacy of a wide range of Internet-based interventions. However, little is known about the extent to which individuals in rural settings will use these approaches and find them acceptable...
October 18, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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