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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441436/environmental-dna-assays-for-the-sister-taxa-sauger-sander-canadensis-and-walleye-sander-vitreus
#1
Joseph C Dysthe, Kellie J Carim, Michael Ruggles, Kevin S McKelvey, Michael K Young, Michael K Schwartz
Sauger (Sander canadensis) and walleye (S. vitreus) are percid fishes that naturally co-occur throughout much of the eastern United States. The native range of sauger extends into the upper Missouri River drainage where walleye did not historically occur, but have been stocked as a sport fish. Sauger populations have been declining due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and competition with non-native species, such as walleye. To effectively manage sauger populations, it is necessary to identify areas where sauger occur, and particularly where they co-occur with walleye...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430094/predictors-for-the-number-of-warning-information-sources-during-tornadoes
#2
Zhen Cong, Jianjun Luo, Daan Liang, Ali Nejat
People may receive tornado warnings from multiple information sources, but little is known about factors that affect the number of warning information sources (WISs). This study examined predictors for the number of WISs with a telephone survey on randomly sampled residents in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, approximately 1 year after both cities were struck by violent tornadoes (EF4 and EF5) in 2011. The survey included 1006 finished interviews and the working sample included 903 respondents. Poisson regression and Zero-Inflated Poisson regression showed that older age and having an emergency plan predicted more WISs in both cities...
April 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425180/diabetes-news
#3
Payal H Marathe, Abigail E Dove, Helen X Gao, Kelly L Close
The 66th annual scientific sessions of the American College of Cardiology gathered thousands of attendees in Washington, DC, USA from March 17-19, 2017. The third and final day of the conference included a presentation of CVD-REAL results by Dr Mikhail Kosiborod (University of Missouri, MO, USA).
April 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412054/community-pharmacy-transition-of-care-services-and-rural-hospital-readmissions-a-case-study
#4
Allison P Patton, Yifei Liu, D Matthew Hartwig, Justin R May, Jessica Moon, Steven C Stoner, Kendall D Guthrie
OBJECTIVES: To explore community pharmacist involvement in the transition of care (TOC) process for patients discharged with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), heart failure (HF), pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or elective total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA). SETTING: Patients discharged from a 60-bed acute care hospital located in rural Missouri were seen by a community pharmacist in 2 independent community pharmacy chain locations...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393087/an-atlas-of-paste-fabrics-and-supplemental-paste-compositional-data-from-late-middle-preclassic-period-ceramics-at-the-maya-site-of-holtun-guatemala
#5
Michael G Callaghan, Daniel Pierce, Brigitte Kovacevich, Michael D Glascock
This data article contains an atlas of paste fabrics and supplemental paste compositional data generated from Late Middle Preclassic-period ceramics at the Maya site of Holtun, Guatemala. The data include maps showing locations of archeological contexts, excavation profiles, photographs and photomicrographs of sherds and paste fabrics, and compositional data produced by Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) at the Research Reactor, University of Missouri (MURR). The NAA data include a biplot and table of canonical discriminant analyses, Mahalonobis distance calculations, and Euclidian distance searches between the samples...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387485/plasma-insulin-level-correlation-to-metabolic-parameter-shifts-in-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients
#6
Andrew C Naglich, Leigh Anne Nelson, Courtney A Iuppa, Lauren A Diefenderfer, Ellie S R Elliott, Roger W Sommi
Objective: To identify potential correlations between baseline plasma insulin level and shifts in metabolic status in psychiatric inpatients. Methods: A population of 75 patients was identified for this single-center, retrospective study conducted at a state psychiatric hospital in Kansas City, Missouri. Patients were selected on the basis of presence of a baseline fasting plasma insulin level drawn at admission; duration of stay ≥ 12 weeks between August 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015; and presence of metabolic laboratory and weight measurements at baseline and 3 months...
April 6, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387241/an-unbiased-index-to-quantify-participant-s-phenotypic-contribution-to-an-open-access-cohort
#7
Yingleong Chan, Michael Tung, Alexander S Garruss, Sarah W Zaranek, Ying Kai Chan, Jeantine E Lunshof, Alexander W Zaranek, Madeleine P Ball, Michael F Chou, Elaine T Lim, George M Church
The Personal Genome Project (PGP) is an effort to enroll many participants to create an open-access repository of genome, health and trait data for research. However, PGP participants are not enrolled for studying any specific traits and participants choose the phenotypes to disclose. To measure the extent and willingness and to encourage and guide participants to contribute phenotypes, we developed an algorithm to score and rank the phenotypes and participants of the PGP. The scoring algorithm calculates the participation index (P-index) for every participant, where 0 indicates no reported phenotypes and 100 indicate complete phenotype reporting...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380606/amino-acid-digestibility-in-soybean-meal-sourced-from-different-regions-of-the-united-states-and-fed-to-pigs
#8
K M Sotak-Peper, J C González-Vega, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) by growing pigs of AA in soybean meal (SBM) produced in different regions of the United States. Twenty-two growing barrows (25.5 ± 1.73 kg) were fitted with a T-cannula near the distal ileum and allotted to a 22 × 8 Youden square design. Twenty-two sources of SBM were procured from soybean crushing plants located throughout the United States. For analysis, the crushing plant locations were separated into the following 3 zones: 1) Michigan, Minnesota, and South Dakota ( = 4); 2) Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio ( = 11); and 3) Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska ( = 7)...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379467/can-smokefree-policies-reduce-tobacco-use-disparities-of-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-missouri
#9
Jenna Wintemberg, Jane McElroy, Bin Ge, Kevin Everett
Objective: The purpose of this study is to explore the associations between smokefree policies, current and former smoking status, personal smoking restrictions, and intention to quit among SGM and non-SGM individuals in Missouri. Methods: The current analysis derives from the Out, Proud and Healthy project. Chi-squares examined differences between SGM (N=2210) and non-SGM (N=586) respondents and former (N=836) and current (N=1960) smokers on smoking-related variables...
April 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376439/subclinical-peroneal-neuropathy-a-common-unrecognized-and-preventable-finding-associated-with-a-recent-history-of-falling-in-hospitalized-patients
#10
Louis H Poppler, Andrew P Groves, Gina Sacks, Anchal Bansal, Kristen M Davidge, Jenifer A Sledge, Heidi Tymkew, Yan Yan, Jessica M Hasak, Patricia Potter, Susan E Mackinnon
PURPOSE: Identification of modifiable risk factors for falling is paramount in reducing the incidence and morbidity of falling. Peroneal neuropathy with an overt foot drop is a known risk factor for falling, but research into subclinical peroneal neuropathy (SCPN) resulting from compression at the fibular head is lacking. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of SCPN in hospitalized patients and establish whether it is associated with a recent history of falling. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 100 medical inpatients at a large academic tertiary care hospital in St Louis, Missouri...
November 2016: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373929/work-related-correlates-of-occupational-sitting-in-a-diverse-sample-of-employees-in-midwest-metropolitan-cities
#11
Lin Yang, J Aaron Hipp, Jung Ae Lee, Rachel G Tabak, Elizabeth A Dodson, Christine M Marx, Ross C Brownson
The worksite serves as an ideal setting to reduce sedentary time. Yet little research has focused on occupational sitting, and few have considered factors beyond the personal or socio-demographic level. The current study i) examined variation in occupational sitting across different occupations, ii) explored whether worksite level factors (e.g., employer size, worksite supports and policies) may be associated with occupational sitting. Between 2012 and 2013, participants residing in four Missouri metropolitan areas were interviewed via telephone and provided information on socio-demographic characteristics, schedule flexibility, occupation, work related factors, and worksite supports and policies...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373078/objective-measurement-of-clinical-competency-in-surgical-education-using-electrodermal-activity
#12
Jacob A Quick, Alex D Bukoski, Jennifer Doty, Bethany J Bennett, Megan Crane, Stephen L Barnes
OBJECTIVE: Within the realm of surgical education, there is a need for objective means to determine surgical competence and resident readiness to operate independently. We propose a novel, objective method of assessing resident confidence and clinical competence based on measurement of electrodermal activity (EDA) during live surgical procedures. We hypothesized that with progressive training, EDA responses to the stress of performing surgery would exhibit decline, elucidating an objective correlate of clinical competence...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370345/accuracy-of-birth-certificate-data-for-classifying-preterm-birth
#13
Molly J Stout, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
BACKGROUND: Classifying preterm birth as spontaneous or indicated is critical both for clinical care and research, yet the accuracy of classification based on different data sources is unclear. We examined the accuracy of preterm birth classification as spontaneous or indicated based on birth certificate data. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 123 birth certificates from preterm births in Missouri. Correct classification of spontaneous or indicated preterm birth subtype was based on multi-provider (RN, MFM Fellow, MFM attending) consensus after full medical record review...
April 3, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369502/severe-parechovirus-3-infections-in-young-infants-kansas-and-missouri-2014
#14
Claire M Midgley, Mary Anne Jackson, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Patrick Franklin, Elizabeth L Holzschuh, Jennifer Lloyd, Joseph Scaletta, Anne Straily, Sheri Tubach, Ashley Willingham, W Allan Nix, M Steven Oberste, Christopher J Harrison, Charles Hunt, George Turabelidze, Susan I Gerber, John T Watson
Background.: Infection with parechovirus type 3 (PeV3) can cause severe neurologic and sepsis-like illness in young infants; clinical and epidemiologic descriptions have been limited. We aimed to characterize PeV3 illness and explore risk factors for acquisition in a cluster of neonatal cases at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri. Methods.: Cerebrospinal fluid specimens were obtained from infants aged <180 days who were hospitalized with sepsis-like illness or meningitis between June 1 and November 1, 2014...
March 29, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367159/digital-morphometrics-of-two-north-american-grapevines-vitis-vitaceae-quantifies-leaf-variation-between-species-within-species-and-among-individuals
#15
Laura L Klein, Madeleine Caito, Chad Chapnick, Cassandra Kitchen, Regan O'Hanlon, Dan H Chitwood, Allison J Miller
Recent studies have demonstrated that grapevine (Vitis spp.) leaf shape can be quantified using digital approaches which indicate phylogenetic signal in leaf shape, discernible patterns of developmental context within single leaves, and signatures of local environmental conditions. Here, we extend this work by quantifying intra-individual, intraspecific, and interspecific variation in leaf morphology in accessions of North American Vitis riparia and V. rupestris in a common environment. For each species at least four clonal replicates of multiple genotypes were grown in the Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362155/pathologists-perspectives-on-disclosing-harmful-pathology-error
#16
Suzanne M Dintzis, Emily K Clennon, Carolyn D Prouty, Lisa M Reich, Joann G Elmore, Thomas H Gallagher
CONTEXT: - Medical errors are unfortunately common. The US Institute of Medicine proposed guidelines for mitigating and disclosing errors. Implementing these recommendations in pathology will require a better understanding of how errors occur in pathology, the relationship between pathologists and treating clinicians in reducing error, and pathologists' experiences with and attitudes toward disclosure of medical error. OBJECTIVE: - To understand pathologists' attitudes toward disclosing pathology error to treating clinicians and patients...
March 31, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355431/state-variation-in-the-receipt-of-a-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-among-women-who-received-a-diagnosis-of-invasive-unilateral-early-stage-breast-cancer-in-the-united-states-2004-2012
#17
Rebecca Nash, Michael Goodman, Chun Chieh Lin, Rachel A Freedman, Laura S Dominici, Kevin Ward, Ahmedin Jemal
Importance: The use of contralateral prophylactic mastectomies (CPMs) among patients with invasive unilateral breast cancer has increased substantially during the past decade in the United States despite the lack of evidence for survival benefit. However, whether this trend varies by state or whether it is correlated with changes in proportions of reconstructive surgery among these patients is unclear. Objective: To determine state variation in the temporal trend and in the proportion of CPMs among women with early-stage unilateral breast cancer treated with surgery...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349128/towards-better-environmental-performance-of-wastewater-sludge-treatment-using-endpoint-approach-in-lca-methodology
#18
Isam Alyaseri, Jianpeng Zhou
The aim of this study is to use the life cycle assessment method to measure the environmental performance of the sludge incineration process in a wastewater treatment plant and to propose an alternative that can reduce the environmental impact. To show the damages caused by the treatment processes, the study aimed to use an endpoint approach in evaluating impacts on human health, ecosystem quality, and resources due to the processes. A case study was taken at Bissell Point Wastewater Treatment Plant in Saint Louis, Missouri, U...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337086/pediatric-antimicrobial-stewardship-programs
#19
Kristen Nichols, Sylvia Stoffella, Rachel Meyers, Jennifer Girotto
The frequent use of antimicrobials in pediatric patients has led to a significant increase in multidrug-resistant bacterial infections among children. Antimicrobial stewardship programs have been created in many hospitals in an effort to curtail and optimize the use of antibiotics. Pediatric-focused programs are necessary because of the differences in antimicrobial need and use among this patient population, unique considerations and dosing, vulnerability for resistance due to a lifetime of antibiotic exposure, and the increased risk of adverse events...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332065/practices-and-attitudes-of-missouri-school-nurses-regarding-immunization-records-and-select-immunizations-of-graduating-high-school-seniors
#20
Darson L Rhodes, Michele Draper, Kendra Woolman, Carol Cox
School nurses play a key role in maintaining a healthy student population, and one of their roles includes maintaining vaccination records. Further, they can play an important role in advocating for human papillomavirus (HPV) and meningococcal vaccination for students. All Missouri public high school nurses were sent an electronic survey addressing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding immunization records and HPV and meningococcal vaccination of high school seniors. Approximately 75% of nurses reported their schools did not have or they did not know if the school had a written policy regarding the release of vaccination records...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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