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June 19, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Kenneth E Christopher, Panagiota Kitsantas, Kiara K Spooner, Joseph F Robare, Dan Hanfling
OBJECTIVE: Despite emerging evidence of the detrimental effects of natural disasters on maternal and child health, little is known about exposure to tornadoes during the prenatal period and its impact on birth outcomes. We examined the relationship between prenatal exposure to the spring 2011 tornado outbreak in Alabama and Joplin (Missouri) and adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study using the 2010-2012 linked infant births and deaths data set from the National Center for Health Statistics for tornado-affected counties in Alabama (n=126,453) and Missouri (Joplin, n=6,897)...
June 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Lorraine J Phillips, Nancy M Birtley, Gregory F Petroski, Carol Siem, Marilyn Rantz
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic use in nursing homes varies widely across the United States; inadequate staffing, skill mix, and geropsychiatric training impede sustained improvement. AIM: This study identified risk factors of antipsychotic use in long-stay residents lacking qualifying or potentially qualifying diagnoses. METHOD: This secondary analysis used 2015 Minimum Data Set and cost report data from 458 Missouri nursing homes. The full sample (N=29,679) was split into two subsamples: residents with (N=15,114) and without (N=14,565) a dementia diagnosis...
June 17, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Onyumbe Enumbe B Lukongo, Thomas W Miller
The data presented in this study were obtained from a novel approach to estimate a comprehensive loan acquisition cost. The latter includes commute costs and wage losses in addition to the monthly installment payments. These cost estimates represent the monetary value (in U.S. dollars) of the costs of driving to and from the installment lender storefront and that of the potential hourly wage losses, that is, wage loss from the driving time and the time spent at the loan office filling out the required paperwork to obtain the loan...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Ginger E Nicol, Michael D Yingling, Karen S Flavin, Julia A Schweiger, Bruce W Patterson, Kenneth B Schechtman, John W Newcomer
Importance: Antipsychotic medications are commonly used to treat nonpsychotic disruptive behavioral disorders in youths. Objective: To characterize the metabolic effects of first exposure to antipsychotics in youths using criterion standard assessments of body composition and insulin sensitivity. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical trial recruited antipsychotic-naive youths aged 6 to 18 years in the St Louis, Missouri, metropolitan area who were diagnosed with 1 or more psychiatric disorders and clinically significant aggression and in whom antipsychotic treatment was considered...
June 13, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Anna Esparham, Anne Herbert, Emily Pierzchalski, Catherine Tran, Jennifer Dilts, Madeline Boorigie, Tammie Wingert, Mark Connelly, Jennifer Bickel
The demand for integrative medicine has risen in recent years as research has demonstrated the efficacy of such treatments. The public has also become more conscientious of the potential limitations of conventional treatment alone. Because primary headache syndromes are often the culmination of genetics, lifestyle, stress, trauma, and environmental factors, they are best treated with therapies that are equally multifaceted. The Children’s Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri Headache Clinic has successfully incorporated integrative therapies including nutraceuticals, acupuncture, aromatherapy, biofeedback, relaxation training, hypnosis, psychology services, and lifestyle recommendations for headache management...
June 12, 2018: Children
Senlin Zhu, Emmanuel Karlo Nyarko, Marijana Hadzima-Nyarko
The bio-chemical and physical characteristics of a river are directly affected by water temperature, which thereby affects the overall health of aquatic ecosystems. It is a complex problem to accurately estimate water temperature. Modelling of river water temperature is usually based on a suitable mathematical model and field measurements of various atmospheric factors. In this article, the air-water temperature relationship of the Missouri River is investigated by developing three different machine learning models (Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), and Bootstrap Aggregated Decision Trees (BA-DT))...
2018: PeerJ
Auriel M V Fournier, Doreen C Mengel, David G Krementz
Palustrine wetland management across the USA is often conducted under a moist soil management framework aimed at providing energetic resources for non-breeding waterfowl. Moist soil management techniques typically include seasonal water-level manipulations and mechanical soil disturbance to create conditions conducive to germination and growth of early successional, seed-producing wetland plants. The assumption is that providing stopover and wintering habitat for non-breeding waterfowl will also accommodate life-history needs of a broader suite of migratory waterbirds including shorebirds, wading birds and marsh birds...
May 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Irene Tsappa, Constantinos Missouris, Savvas Psarellis
Acyclovir has been used in the treatment of herpes simplex and varicella zoster viral infections for over 30 years. The side effects of oral treatment at standard doses are rare and include headache, diarrhoea, dizziness and malaise. We report a patient with a new diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed thrombocytopaenia within days on a therapeutic dose with acyclovir. Prompt discontinuation of acyclovir and treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin resulted in reversal of the above potentially serious complication...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Tamara Vehige Calise, Wendy Chow, Amanda Ryder, Chloe Wingerter
Understanding social inequalities in terms of neighborhood characteristics and the context to which individuals belong is important for reducing disparities. This article describes how perceptions of food access are related to three physical and social environmental factors: perceived neighborhood walkability, safety, and social cohesion. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a random sample of 1,500 households in Springfield, Missouri. The main outcome measures were ease of purchase; availability of a large selection and quality; and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables (FVs) and low-fat products (LFPs)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Bruce A Linquist, Mathias Marcos, M Arlene Adviento-Borbe, Merle Anders, Dustin Harrell, Steve Linscombe, Michele L Reba, Benjamin R K Runkle, Lee Tarpley, Allison Thomson
Previous reviews have quantified factors affecting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from Asian rice ( L.) systems, but not from rice systems typical for the United States, which often vary considerably particularly in practices (i.e., water and carbon management) that affect emissions. Using meta-analytic and regression approaches, existing data from the United States were examined to quantify GHG emissions and major practices affecting emissions. Due to different production practices, major rice production regions were defined as the mid-South (Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri) and California, with emissions being evaluated separately...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
N J Urie, J E Lombard, C B Shivley, A E Adams, C A Kopral, M Santin
The objective of this study was to evaluate management practices and environmental factors associated with cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis in preweaned heifer calves on US dairy operations. This study was conducted as part of the calf component of the National Animal Health Monitoring System's Dairy 2014 study. The calf component included 104 dairy operations in 13 states and was an 18-mo longitudinal study focused on dairy heifer calves from birth to weaning. Fecal samples were collected from 2,249 calves: 839 calves in the West region (California, Colorado, and Washington) and 1,410 calves in the East region (Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Muaid Ithman, Chris O'Connell, Ayodeji Ogunleye, Suhwon Lee, Brett Chamberlain, Anupama Ramalingam
To examine the impact of the third year psychiatry clerkship on medical students' knowledge and opinion of ECT at University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine. Despite overwhelming evidence of ECT's efficacy and safety for refractory affective illnesses, (among other conditions), it remains a misunderstood and underutilized intervention. Several studies indicate that ECT stigma and misinformation, unfortunately, does not spare the medical community. Medical students are an optimal group to study, as they are forming their perspectives on different specialties...
May 26, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
Lovreet S Shergill, Mandy D Bish, Mithila Jugulam, Kevin W Bradley
BACKGROUND: Previous research reported the first case of six-way herbicide resistance in a common waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus var. rudis) biotype from Missouri, USA designated MO-Ren. This study investigated the mechanisms of multiple-resistance in the MO-Ren biotype to herbicides from six site-of-action (SOA) groups i.e. synthetic auxins, 5-enolypyruvyl-shikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS)-, protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO)-, acetolactate synthase (ALS)-, photosystem II (PSII)-, and 4-hydroxyphenyl-pyruvate-dioxygenase (HPPD)-inhibitors...
May 23, 2018: Pest Management Science
M Tabet, L H Flick, H Xian, J J Chang
Background: We examined the birthweight threshold for increased odds of neonatal death among second births based on their elder sibling's birthweight category. Methods: This population-based cohort study included 190 575 women who delivered their first two non-anomalous singleton live births in Missouri (1989-2005). We examined the birthweight distribution and neonatal mortality curves of second births whose elder sibling had low versus adequate/high birthweight...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Les Greenberg, Christine A Johnson, James C Trager, J Steven McElfresh, Joshua Rodstein, Jocelyn G Millar
Species of the ant genus Polyergus are social parasites that steal brood from colonies of their hosts in the closely related genus Formica. Upon emergence as adults in a mixed population, host Formica workers carry out all the normal worker functions within the Polyergus colony, including foraging, feeding, grooming, and rearing brood of the parasitic Polyergus ants. Some unmated Polyergus gynes (queens) run in the raiding columns of their colonies and attract males by releasing a pheromone from their mandibular glands...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Jianzhu Wang, Duane Chapman, Jun Xu, Yang Wang, Binhe Gu
Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values (δ13C and δ15N) were used to evaluate trophic niche overlap between two filter-feeding fishes (known together as bigheaded carp) native to China, silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis), and three native filter-feeding fish including bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus), gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum) and paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) in the lower Missouri River, USA, using the Bayesian Stable Isotope in R statistics...
2018: PloS One
Michael G Sunde, Hong S He, Jason A Hubbart, Michael A Urban
Future urban development and climatic changes are likely to affect hydrologic regimes in many watersheds. Quantifying potential water regime changes caused by these stressors is therefore crucial for enabling decision makers to develop viable environmental management strategies. This study presents an approach that integrates mid-21st century impervious surface growth estimates derived from the Imperviousness Change Analysis Tool with downscaled climate model projections and a hydrologic model Soil and Water Assessment Tool to characterize potential water regime changes in a mixed-use watershed in central Missouri, USA...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Jayasree Basu, Amresh Hanchate, Siran Koroukian
This study examines the patterns of 30-day hospital readmissions by race/ethnicity and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) burden among nonelderly adult patients. We used hospital discharge data of patients in the 18- to 64-year age group in 5 US states, California, Florida, Missouri, New York, and Tennessee, for 2009 from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Database (HCUP-SID) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, linked to contextual and provider data from the Health Resources and Services Administration...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Pearl Anna McElfish, Christopher R Long, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Nia Aitaoto, Zoran Bursac, Lucy Capelle, Melisa Laelan, Williamina Ioanna Bing, Sheldon Riklon, Brett Rowland, Britni L Ayers, Ralph O Wilmoth, Krista N Langston, Mario Schootman, James P Selig, Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary
BACKGROUND: Pacific Islander populations, including Marshallese, face a disproportionately high burden of health disparities relative to the general population. OBJECTIVES: A community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was utilized to engage Marshallese participants in a comparative effectiveness trial testing 2 Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) interventions designed to reduce participant's weight, lower HbA1c, encourage healthy eating, and increase physical activity...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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