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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229194/screening-level-assessment-of-metal-concentrations-in-streambed-sediments-and-floodplain-soils-within-the-grand-lake-watershed-in-northeastern-oklahoma-usa
#1
Ean M Garvin, Cas F Bridge, Meredith S Garvin
Metal releases have been received by the Grand Lake watershed from the Tri-State Mining District (TSMD) since the mid 1800s. To address data gaps in metal distributions in the Oklahoma portion of the watershed, streambed sediment and floodplain soil was sampled on various streams. The <63-µm fraction was analyzed for Cd, Pb, and Zn concentrations by portable X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Mean metal concentration results at reference transects indicated that background sediment/soil concentrations for Cd, Pb, and Zn within the watershed were 0...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227229/ensemble-statistical-and-subspace-clustering-model-for-analysis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotypes
#2
Khalid Al-Jabery, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi, Stephen Kanne, Donald Wunsch, Khalid Al-Jabery, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi, Stephen Kanne, Donald Wunsch, Donald Wunsch, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Khalid Al-Jabery, Stephen Kanne, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi
Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is complex including variability in behavioral phenotype as well as clinical, physiologic, and pathologic parameters. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) now diagnoses ASD using a 2-dimensional model based social communication deficits and fixated interests and repetitive behaviors. Sorting out heterogeneity is crucial for study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. In this paper, we present an ensemble model for analyzing ASD phenotypes using several machine learning techniques and a k-dimensional subspace clustering algorithm...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220301/evidence-that-higher-co2-increases-tree-growth-sensitivity-to-temperature-a-comparison-of-modern-and-paleo-oaks
#3
Steven L Voelker, Michael C Stambaugh, J Renée Brooks, Frederick C Meinzer, Barbara Lachenbruch, Richard P Guyette
To test tree growth sensitivity to temperature under different ambient CO2 concentrations, we determined stem radial growth rates as they relate to variation in temperature during the last deglacial period, and compare these to modern tree growth rates as they relate to spatial variation in temperature across the modern species distributional range. Paleo oaks were sampled from Northern Missouri, USA and compared to a pollen-based, high-resolution paleo temperature reconstruction from Northern Illinois, USA...
February 20, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219386/advancing-system-and-policy-changes-for-social-and-racial-justice-comparing-a-rural-and-urban-community-based-participatory-research-partnership-in-the-u-s
#4
Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Ellen Barnidge, Maxine Golub, Freda Motton, Michael Muhammad, Charmaine Ruddock, Belinda Vicuña, Nina Wallerstein
BACKGROUND: The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice. METHODS: Two CBPR case studies addressing health inequities related to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease were selected from a national cross-site study assessing effective academic-community research partnerships. One CBPR partnership works with African Americans in rural Pemiscot County, Missouri and the other CBPR partnership works with African American and Latinos in urban South Bronx, New York City...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216178/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-programs-incorporating-social-applications-can-reach-at-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-for-successful-linkage-to-care-in-missouri-usa
#5
Rupa R Patel, Laura C Harrison, Viraj V Patel, Philip A Chan, Kenneth H Mayer, Hilary E Reno, Tyrell Manning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188181/genetic-analysis-of-teosinte-alleles-for-kernel-composition-traits-in-maize
#6
Avinash Karn, Jason D Gillman, Sherry A Flint-Garcia
Teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis) is the wild ancestor of modern maize (Zea mays ssp. mays). Teosinte contains greater genetic diversity compared to maize inbreds and landraces, but its use is limited by insufficient genetic resources to evaluate its value. A population of teosinte near isogenic lines (teosinte NILs) was previously developed to broaden the resources for genetic diversity of maize, and to discover novel alleles for agronomic and domestication traits. The 961 teosinte NILs were developed by backcrossing ten geographically diverse parviglumis accessions into the B73 (reference genome inbred) background...
February 10, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181368/diamond-burr-debridement-vs-grid-keratotomy-in-canine-scced-with-scanning-electron-microscopy-diamond-burr-tip-analysis
#7
Chloe B Spertus, Josef M Brown, Elizabeth A Giuliano
OBJECTIVES: (i) Compare the outcome of canine SCCED treated with grid keratotomy (GK) or diamond burr debridement (DBD); (ii) Serially evaluate morphologic and elemental composition changes to diamond burr tips. ANIMALS STUDIED: A total of 91 eyes of 88 canine SCCED patients treated at the University of Missouri (2005-2015); 75 fresh cadaver porcine globes. PROCEDURES: (i) Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Data were analyzed for age, sex, breed, procedure performed, eye(s) on which the procedure was performed, time to healing after a single surgical procedure, performance of a second surgical procedure, contact lens placement, and postprocedural complications...
February 9, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160781/multi-year-microbial-source-tracking-study-characterizing-fecal-contamination-in-an-urban-watershed
#8
Rebecca N Bushon, Amie M G Brady, Eric D Christensen, Erin A Stelzer
  Microbiological and hydrological data were used to rank tributary stream contributions of bacteria to the Little Blue River in Independence, Missouri. Concentrations, loadings and yields of E. coli and microbial source tracking (MST) markers, were characterized during base flow and storm events in five subbasins within Independence, as well as sources entering and leaving the city through the river. The E. coli water quality threshold was exceeded in 29% of base-flow and 89% of storm-event samples. The total contribution of E...
February 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156570/lessons-learned-from-a-clinical-research-partnership-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#9
Karla T Washington, Diane L Huenke
: 238 Background: Palliative care providers and investigators at the University of Missouri developed a clinical-research partnership to conduct a randomized clinical trial (R21CA191165; NCT02427490; PI: Washington) of a technologically-mediated intervention for family caregivers of cancer patients aimed at decreasing caregivers' distress and improving their quality of life. As the first year of the project drew to a close, the clinician-research team sought to systematically examine the challenges they had encountered conducting research in the outpatient palliative care clinic, which serves a 91-county catchment area that is highly rural and underserved, and to document the strategies they had employed to address them...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141854/soybean-cyst-nematode-culture-collections-and-field-populations-from-north-carolina-and-missouri-reveal-high-incidences-of-infection-by-viruses
#10
Casey L Ruark, Stephen R Koenning, Eric L Davis, Charles H Opperman, Steven A Lommel, Melissa G Mitchum, Tim L Sit
Five viruses were previously discovered infecting soybean cyst nematodes (SCN; Heterodera glycines) from greenhouse cultures maintained in Illinois. In this study, the five viruses [ScNV, ScPV, ScRV, ScTV, and SbCNV-5] were detected within SCN greenhouse and field populations from North Carolina (NC) and Missouri (MO). The prevalence and titers of viruses in SCN from 43 greenhouse cultures and 25 field populations were analyzed using qRT-PCR. Viral titers within SCN greenhouse cultures were similar throughout juvenile development, and the presence of viral anti-genomic RNAs within egg, second-stage juvenile (J2), and pooled J3 and J4 stages suggests active viral replication within the nematode...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140829/the-petrosquamous-stalactite
#11
Michael D Puricelli, Maxwell D Newby, Andrew J Fishman, Arnaldo L Rivera
Objective To define the presence and relationship of the petrosquamous stalactite (PsS)-a condensation of the trabecular Korner's septum into a bony plate of the petrosquamous suture-to surrounding structures and understand its surgical implications. Study Design Series of cadaver dissections. Setting University of Missouri Alumni Temporal Bone and Microvascular Laboratory. Subjects and Methods Anatomic dissections were conducted on 15 consecutive formalin-preserved and frozen adult human temporal bones. A calibrated Dino-Lite Premier Digital Microscope was used to photograph dissections of each bone...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132170/gestational-weight-gain-and-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-underweight-pregnant-women-a-population-based-historical-cohort-study
#12
Jeffrey A Gavard
Objective Limited data are available that estimate the effect of gestational weight gain on maternal and neonatal outcomes in underweight women according to revised 2009 Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines. Methods A population-based historical cohort study of 21,674 underweight women in Missouri delivering liveborn, singleton, term infants in 2002-2008 was conducted. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated for gestational weight gain categories with multiple logistic regression, using the 2009 IOM recommended 28-40 pounds as the reference group...
January 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131970/when-driving-on-the-left-side-is-safe-safety-of-the-diverging-diamond-interchange-ramp-terminals
#13
Boris Claros, Praveen Edara, Carlos Sun
How safe are the ramp terminals of a diverging diamond interchange (DDI)? This paper answered this question using data from DDI sites in Missouri. First, crash prediction models for ramp terminals for different crash severities were developed. These models were then utilized in the Empirical Bayes (EB) evaluation of DDI ramp terminals. Due to inconsistencies in crash reporting for freeways in Missouri, individual crash reports were reviewed to properly identify ramp terminal crashes. A total of 13,000 crash reports were reviewed for model development and EB evaluation...
March 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123221/high-risk-behaviors-but-low-injury-related-mortality-among-hispanic-teens-in-missouri
#14
Shumei Yun, Noaman Kayani, Sarah Geiger, Sherri Homan, Janet Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine racial/ethnic disparities in injury-related risk behaviors and deaths among teens in Missouri, with a focus on Hispanic people-the fastest-growing racial/ethnic group in the state. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 Missouri Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which included 1616 students in grades 9 through 12 from 32 public and charter high schools. The overall response rate was 69%. We compared the prevalence of 10 injury-related risk behaviors among racial/ethnic groups and used multivariate logistic regression models to control for respondent age and sex...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120253/atlas-of-pain-management-injection-techniques-fourth-edition-steven-d-waldman-elsevier-st-louis-missouri-2017-260-cad-hardcover-712-pages-isbn-978-0-323-41415-9
#15
Yaroslava Chtompel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116606/concentrations-of-select-dissolved-trace-elements-and-anthropogenic-organic-compounds-in-the-mississippi-river-and-major-tributaries-during-the-summer-of-2012-and-2013
#16
Derek D Bussan, Clifford A Ochs, Colin R Jackson, Tarun Anumol, Shane A Snyder, James V Cizdziel
The Mississippi River drainage basin includes the Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Arkansas rivers. These rivers drain areas with different physiography, population centers, and land use, with each contributing a different suites of metals and wastewater contaminants that can affect water quality. In July 2012, we determined 18 elements (Be, Rb, Sr, Cd, Cs, Ba, Tl, Pb, Mg, Al, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn) and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) in the five major tributaries and in the Upper Mississippi River. The following summer, we determined both trace elements and 25 trace organic compounds at 10 sites in a longitudinal study of the main stem of the Mississippi River from Grafton, Illinois to Natchez, Mississippi...
February 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104807/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-new-hope-in-the-management-of-valvular-heart-disease
#17
REVIEW
Sofia Metaxa, Adam Ioannou, Constantinos G Missouris
Severe calcific aortic stenosis is relatively common, and unless treated with valve replacement it carries an adverse prognosis. A large number of patients, however, are denied surgery due to their advanced age or coexistent medical conditions that increase perioperative cardiovascular risks. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), a technique in which a bioprosthetic valve is inserted via a catheter and implanted within the diseased native aortic valve, is a new therapeutic modality for treatment of older patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis and other comorbidities, who have an inherently high surgical risk...
January 19, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104571/non-violent-threats-and-promises-among-closed-market-drug-dealers
#18
Timothy Dickinson
BACKGROUND: An unintended consequence of drug prohibitions is that they often fail to absolutely deter potential drug dealers and users and instead restrictively deter them. One way in which dealers sometimes alter their behaviour in response to these prohibitions is by using violent forms of social control to prevent their customers from committing careless behaviour or from becoming police informants. Many dealers, however, are reluctant to use violent forms of social control for various reasons...
January 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102648/2016-rural-enrollment-in-health-insurance-marketplaces-by-state
#19
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey A Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Leah M Kemper, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. In this brief, cumulative county-level enrollment in Health Insurance Marketplaces (HIMs) through March 2016 is presented for state HIMs operated as Federally Facilitated Marketplaces (FFMs) and for those operated as Federally Supported State-Based Marketplaces (FS-SBMs). Enrollment rates in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas of each state, defined as the percentage of “potential market” participants selecting plans, are presented. Monitoring annual enrollment rates provides a gauge of how well state outreach and enrollment efforts are proceeding and helps identify states with strong non-metropolitan enrollment as models for other states to emulate...
January 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096037/the-future-is-here-but-there-is-no-reason-to-fear
#20
Nicole Fisher
Nicole Fisher, MPP, PhD, is the founder and chief executive officer at HHR Strategies, a health care and human rights focused advising firm. Additionally, she is a senior policy advisor and expert on health economics, technology, and reform, specifically as they affect vulnerable populations. Nicole runs a health innovation and policy page at Forbes, highlighting and advising companies, ideas, and people that are changing the health landscape. She also is currently pursuing her PhD at the University of North Carolina in the Health Policy and Management Department...
February 2017: Surgery
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