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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455756/a-randomized-trial-of-weight-change-in-a-national-home-visiting-program
#1
Debra Haire-Joshu, Cynthia D Schwarz, Karen Steger-May, Christy Lapka, Kenneth Schechtman, Ross C Brownson, Rachel G Tabak
INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials have demonstrated significant impact in reducing weight and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the intensity of these trials limits their scalability to real world settings. The purpose of this study was to embed a lifestyle intervention for overweight and obese mothers within the routine practice of a parent education, home visiting organization. DESIGN: Pragmatic trial that used a stratified random design. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Overweight or obese mothers of preschool children located across St...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433698/barriers-to-and-interventions-that-increase-nurses-and-parents-compliance-with-safe-sleep-recommendations-for-preterm-infants
#2
REVIEW
Mary Rose Naugler, Kristine DiCarlo
The purpose of this integrative review was to identify interventions that increase compliance of nurses and of parents with safe sleep recommendations for premature infants. Ten studies were included in the final sample, including three studies with a prospective descriptive design, five quality improvement initiatives with an interventional research design, one secondary analysis, and one retrospective medical chart review. Study samples included neonatal nurses and parents of premature infants in NICUs and transitional care nurseries in Massachusetts, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Texas...
February 2018: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411437/influence-of-immunogenetics-sex-and-body-condition-on-the-cutaneous-microbial-communities-of-two-giant-salamanders
#3
Obed Hernández-Gómez, Jeffrey T Briggler, Rod N Williams
The complex association between hosts and microbial symbionts requires the implementation of multiple approaches to evaluate variation in host physiology. Within amphibians, heterogeneity in immunogenetic traits and cutaneous microbiota is associated with variation in disease resistance. Ozark (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi) and eastern hellbenders (C. a. alleganiensis) provide a model system to assess variation in host traits and microbial communities. Ozark hellbenders have experienced declines throughout their range, are federally endangered, and experience wound retardation that is absent in the eastern subspecies...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411327/gene-variants-of-the-phosphatidylcholine-synthesis-pathway-do-not-contribute-to-rds-in%C3%A2-the-chinese-population
#4
Yu-Jun Chen, Julia Meyer, Jennifer A Wambach, Kelcey DePass, Daniel J Wegner, Xin Fan, Qun-Yuan Zhang, Heins Hillary, F Sessions Cole, Aaron Hamvas
BACKGROUND: To determine population-based prevalence and disease contribution of phosphatidylcholine synthetic pathway-associated gene variants in a native southern Chinese cohort. METHODS: We used bloodspots from 2010 that were obtained from the Guangxi Neonatal Screening Center in Nannning China and included the Han (n = 443) and Zhuang (n = 313) ethnic groups. We sequenced the exons of cholinephosphate cytidylyltransferase (PCYT1B) lysophospholipid acyltransferase 1 (LPCAT1), and cholinephosphotransferase (CHPT1) genes, and analyzed both rare and common exonic variants...
February 6, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409325/dermatology-echo-an-innovative-solution-to-address-limited-access-to-dermatology-expertise
#5
Hal Lewis, Mirna Becevic, Danny Myers, Dyann Helming, Rachel Mutrux, David Fleming, Karen Edison
INTRODUCTION: The present maldistribution of dermatologists in the USA may make it difficult for patients to access timely and quality care. Access to specialty care may be even more challenging for rural and underserved patients due to geographical limitations and other socioeconomic hardships. With over one-third of primary care patients seeking care for at least one skin problem, it is important to follow the American Academy of Dermatology Special Positioning Workgroup\'s core areas of impact regarding treatment of conditions that affect millions of patients by using a team-based approach and telemedicine technologies...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380143/biomarker-responses-of-peromyscus-leucopus-exposed-to-lead-and-cadmium-in-the-southeast-missouri-lead-mining-district
#6
W Nelson Beyer, Stan W Casteel, Kristen R Friedrichs, Eric Gramlich, Ruth A Houseright, John R Nichols, Natalie K Karouna-Renier, Dae Young Kim, Kathleen L Rangen, Barnett A Rattner, Sandra L Schultz
Biomarker responses and histopathological lesions have been documented in laboratory mammals exposed to elevated concentrations of lead and cadmium. The exposure of white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) to these metals and the potential associated toxic effects were examined at three contaminated sites in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District and at a reference site in MO, USA. Mice from the contaminated sites showed evidence of oxidative stress and reduced activity of red blood cell δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD)...
January 29, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377356/efficacy-of-oral-administration-of-sodium-iodide-to-prevent-bovine-respiratory-disease-complex
#7
B M Shoemake, B L Vander Ley, B W Newcomer, M C Heller
BACKGROUND: The prevention of bovine respiratory disease complex (BRD) in beef cattle is important to maintaining health and productivity of calves in feeding operations. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether BRD bacterial and viral pathogens are susceptible to the lactoperoxidase/hydrogen peroxide/iodide (LPO/H2 O2 /I- ) system in vitro and to determine whether the oral administration of sodium iodide (NaI) could achieve sufficient concentrations of iodine (I) in the respiratory secretions of weaned beef calves to inactivate these pathogens in vivo...
January 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369764/the-show-me-state-shows-the-way-on-health-homes-for-mental-health
#8
Joseph Burns
The medical home model for delivering health care is getting tested for people with mental health problems. Missouri has been a pacesetter. By using a cost-based prospective payment system for health home patients, Missouri Medicaid shifted providers' emphasis from periodic acute care-to-care management with a focus on preventing high-cost exacerbations.
January 2018: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365135/comparative-assessment-of-four-steinernematidae-and-three-heterorhabditidae-species-for-infectivity-of-larval-diabrotica-virgifera-virgifera
#9
Ryan W Geisert, Dorothy J Cheruiyot, Bruce E Hibbard, David I Shapiro-Ilan, Kent S Shelby, Thomas A Coudron
Larval Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were exposed to seven different entomopathogenic nematode species to test their potential infectivity in a laboratory setting. Known D. virgifera-infecting nematode species Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Poinar, Heterorhabditis megidis Poinar, Jackson & Klein, Steinernema feltiae Filipjev, and Steinernema carpocapsae Weiser were tested in a concerted experiment alongside Steinernema diaprepesi Nguyen & Duncan, Steinernema riobrave Cabanillas, Poinar & Raulston, and a Missouri wild-type H...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365128/surveillance-for-tick-borne-viruses-near-the-location-of-a-fatal-human-case-of-bourbon-virus-family-orthomyxoviridae-genus-thogotovirus-in-eastern-kansas-2015
#10
Harry M Savage, Marvin S Godsey, Nicholas A Panella, Kristen L Burkhalter, Justin Manford, Ingrid C Trevino-Garrison, Anne Straily, Savannah Wilson, Jaden Bowen, Ram K Raghavan
Bourbon virus (Family Orthomyxoviridae: Genus Thogotovirus) was first isolated from a human case-patient residing in Bourbon County, Kansas, who subsequently died. Before becoming ill in late spring of 2014, the patient reported several tick bites. In response, we initiated tick surveillance in Bourbon County and adjacent southern Linn County during spring and summer of 2015. We collected 20,639 host-seeking ticks representing four species from 12 sites. Amblyomma americanum (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae) and Dermacentor variabilis (Say) (Acari: Ixodidae) accounted for nearly all ticks collected (99...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361676/examining-public-perceptions-about-lead-in-school-drinking-water-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-twitter-response-to-an-environmental-health-hazard
#11
Christine C Ekenga, Cora-Ann McElwain, Nadav Sprague
Exposure to lead has long been a community health concern in St. Louis, Missouri. The objective of this study was to examine public response to reports of elevated lead levels in school drinking water in St. Louis, Missouri via Twitter, a microblogging platform with over 320 million active users. We used a mixed-methods design to examine Twitter user status updates, known as "tweets," from 18 August to 31 December 2016. The number of tweets each day was recorded, and Twitter users were classified into five user types (General Public, Journalist/News, Health Professional/Academic, Politician/Government Official, and Non-Governmental Organization)...
January 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351930/effect-of-the-smoke-free-illinois-act-on-casino-admissions-and-revenue
#12
John A Tauras, Frank J Chaloupka, Gregg Moor, Patricia Nez Henderson, Scott J Leischow
OBJECTIVE: As part of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act, smoking on the gambling floors of all commercial casinos in Illinois became prohibited. This study examined the effects of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions per-capita and real per-capita adjusted gross receipts using 18 years of data (10 years before and 8 years after the Illinois law went into effect). METHODS: We employed a difference-in-difference regression technique using monthly data for the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Missouri and control for numerous determinants expected to affect casino admissions and revenue...
January 19, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345972/trypsin-inhibitors-from-cajanus-cajan-and-phaseolus-limensis-possess-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-antibacterial-activity
#13
Tooba Naz Shamsi, Romana Parveen, Sumbul Afreen, Mudasser Azam, Priyankar Sen, Yamini Sharma, Qazi Mohd Rizwanul Haque, Tasneem Fatma, Nikhat Manzoor, Sadaf Fatima
Protease inhibitors are one of the most promising and investigated subjects for their role in pharmacognostic and pharmacological studies. This study aimed to investigate antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities of trypsin inhibitors (TIs) from two plant sources (Cajanus cajan and Phaseolus limensis). TI was purified from C. cajan (PUSA-992) by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by ion exchange chromatography. TI from Phaseolus limensis (lima bean trypsin inhibitor; LBTI) was procured from Sigma-Aldrich, St...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337404/mass-trapping-designs-for-organic-control-of-the-japanese-beetle-popillia-japonica-coleoptera-scarabaeidae
#14
Jaime C Piñero, Austen P Dudenhoeffer
BACKGROUND: In some regions of North America, damage caused by the Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, has been increasing as beetle populations continue to become established and expand. This poses a pest management challenge for crop farmers, in particular organic producers. From 2014 to 2016 we evaluated the ability of novel mass trapping systems to capture P. japonica in elderberry and blueberry orchards in Missouri, U.S.A. RESULTS: Across a three-year period in two locations, the mass trapping systems collected 10...
January 16, 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330668/impact-of-duplicate-ct-scan-rate-after-implementation-of-transfer-image-repository-system-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#15
Charles W Sheppard, Amy L Groll, Cindy L Austin, Simon J Thompson
PURPOSE: The regionalization of trauma in the USA results in frequent transfers of patients from a primary hospital ED to a higher level trauma facility. While many hospitals have a Picture Archive Communication System (PACS) which captures digital radiological images, these are often not available to the receiving institution resulting in duplicate imaging. The state of Arkansas instituted a trauma image repository (TIR) in July 2013. We examined whether implementation of this repository would impact CT scan duplication in the trauma system...
January 12, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321892/regional-patterns-of-declining-butternut-juglans-cinerea-l-suggest-site-characteristics-for-restoration
#16
Randall S Morin, Kurt W Gottschalk, Michael E Ostry, Andrew M Liebhold
Butternut trees dying from a canker disease were first reported in southwestern Wisconsin in 1967. Since then, the disease has caused extensive mortality of butternut throughout its North American range. The objectives of this study were to quantify changes in butternut populations and density across its range and identify habitat characteristics of sites where butternut is surviving in order to locate regions for potential butternut restoration. The natural range of butternut (Juglans cinerea L.) extends over a large region of eastern N...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305529/geographic-variation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-medicare-and-veterans-affairs-populations-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#17
Alexis L Beatty, Michael Truong, David W Schopfer, Hui Shen, Justin M Bachmann, Mary A Whooley
Background -Cardiac rehabilitation is strongly recommended after myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), but is historically underused. We sought to evaluate variation in cardiac rehabilitation participation across the United States. Methods -From administrative data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system and a 5% Medicare sample, we used ICD-9 codes to identify patients hospitalized for MI, PCI, or CABG from 2007-2011. After excluding patients who died within 30 days of hospitalization, we calculated the percent of patients who participated in one or more outpatient visits for cardiac rehabilitation during the 12 months after hospitalization...
January 5, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304036/a-novel-molecular-toolkit-for-rapid-detection-of-the-pathogen-and-primary-vector-of-thousand-cankers-disease
#18
Emel Oren, William Klingeman, Romina Gazis, John Moulton, Paris Lambdin, Mark Coggeshall, Jiri Hulcr, Steven J Seybold, Denita Hadziabdic
Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD) of Juglans and Pterocarya (Juglandaceae) involves a fungal pathogen, Geosmithia morbida, and a primary insect vector, Pityophthorus juglandis. TCD was described originally from dying Juglans nigra trees in the western United States (USA), but it was reported subsequently from the eastern USA and northern Italy. The disease is often difficult to diagnose due to the absence of symptoms or signs on the bark surface of the host. Furthermore, disease symptoms can be confused with those caused by other biotic and abiotic agents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303425/existing-knowledge-of-linguistic-structure-mitigates-associative-memory-deficits-in-older-adults
#19
Andrea C Smyth, Moshe Naveh-Benjamin
Background/Study Context: Older adults show lower memory performance than younger adults when a task requires them to create associations (Naveh-Benjamin, 2000, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 1170-1187). In this study, associative memory was examined in order to assess whether age differences in performance were mitigated when the word pairs to be learned utilized a familiar pattern seen in everyday language (adjective-noun), which we propose as a type of schematic support that capitalizes upon linguistic structure...
January 5, 2018: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299280/senescence-and-carryover-effects-of-reproductive-performance-influence-migration-condition-and-breeding-propensity-in-a-small-shorebird
#20
Chelsea Weithman, Daniel Gibson, Kelsi Hunt, Meryl Friedrich, James Fraser, Sarah Karpanty, Daniel Catlin
Breeding propensity, the probability that an animal will attempt to breed each year, is perhaps the least understood demographic process influencing annual fecundity. Breeding propensity is ecologically complex, as associations among a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors may interact to affect an animal's breeding decisions. Individuals that opt not to breed can be more difficult to detect than breeders, which can (1) lead to difficulty in estimation of breeding propensity, and (2) bias other demographic parameters...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
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