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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332065/practices-and-attitudes-of-missouri-school-nurses-regarding-immunization-records-and-select-immunizations-of-graduating-high-school-seniors
#1
Darson L Rhodes, Michele Draper, Kendra Woolman, Carol Cox
School nurses play a key role in maintaining a healthy student population, and one of their roles includes maintaining vaccination records. Further, they can play an important role in advocating for human papillomavirus (HPV) and meningococcal vaccination for students. All Missouri public high school nurses were sent an electronic survey addressing the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding immunization records and HPV and meningococcal vaccination of high school seniors. Approximately 75% of nurses reported their schools did not have or they did not know if the school had a written policy regarding the release of vaccination records...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328880/swine-models-genomic-tools-and-services-to-enhance-our-understanding-of-human-health-and-diseases
#2
Eric M Walters, Kevin D Wells, Elizabeth C Bryda, Susan Schommer, Randall S Prather
The pig is becoming increasingly important as a biomedical model. Given the similarities between pigs and humans, a greater understanding of the underlying biology of human health and diseases may come from the pig rather than from classical rodent models. With an increasing need for swine models, it is essential that the genomic tools, models and services be readily available to the scientific community. Many of these are available through the National Swine Resource and Research Center (NSRRC), a facility funded by the US National Institutes of Health at the University of Missouri...
March 22, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303186/incidence-of-wolbachia-in-aquatic-insects
#3
Eric J Sazama, Michael J Bosch, Carmelita S Shouldis, Scot P Ouellette, Jeff S Wesner
Wolbachia is a genus of intracellular bacteria typically found within the reproductive systems of insects that manipulates those systems of their hosts. While current estimates of Wolbachia incidence suggest that it infects approximately half of all arthropod species, these estimates are based almost entirely on terrestrial insects. No systematic survey of Wolbachia in aquatic insects has been performed. To estimate Wolbachia incidence among aquatic insect species, we combined field-collected samples from the Missouri River (251 samples from 58 species) with a global database from previously published surveys...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301447/mercury-spill-responses-five-states-2012-2015
#4
Ryan J Wozniak, Anne E Hirsch, Christina R Bush, Stuart Schmitz, Jeff Wenzel
Despite measures to educate the public about the dangers of elemental mercury, spills continue to occur in homes, schools, health care facilities, and other settings, endangering the public's health and requiring costly cleanup. Mercury is most efficiently absorbed by the lungs, and exposure to high levels of mercury vapor after a release can cause cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and visual disturbances (1). Children and fetuses are most susceptible to the adverse effects of mercury vapor exposure...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282926/accuracy-of-capillary-hemoglobin-measurements-for-the-detection-of-anemia-among-u-s-low-income-toddlers-and-pregnant-women
#5
Safia Boghani, Zuguo Mei, Geraldine S Perry, Gary M Brittenham, Mary E Cogswell
The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of capillary hemoglobin (Hb) measurements in detecting anemia among low-income toddlers (aged 12-35 months) and pregnant women. In analyses of data among toddlers from Kansas City (n = 402) and St. Louis, Missouri (n = 236), and pregnant women at <20 weeks gestation from Cleveland, Ohio (n = 397), we compared subjects' anemia status based on capillary Hb concentrations in finger puncture samples as measured by the HemoCue system with their anemia status based on venous Hb concentrations as measured by the HemoCue and Coulter Counter...
March 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275734/decoupling-biogeochemical-records-extinction-and-environmental-change-during-the-cambrian-spice-event
#6
James D Schiffbauer, John Warren Huntley, David A Fike, Matthew Jarrell Jeffrey, Jay M Gregg, Kevin L Shelton
Several positive carbon isotope excursions in Lower Paleozoic rocks, including the prominent Upper Cambrian Steptoean Positive Carbon Isotope Excursion (SPICE), are thought to reflect intermittent perturbations in the hydrosphere-biosphere system. Models explaining these secular changes are abundant, but the synchronicity and regional variation of the isotope signals are not well understood. Examination of cores across a paleodepth gradient in the Upper Cambrian central Missouri intrashelf basin (United States) reveals a time-transgressive, facies-dependent nature of the SPICE...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269016/ensemble-statistical-and-subspace-clustering-model-for-analysis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotypes
#7
Khalid Al-Jabery, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi, Stephen Kanne, Donald Wunsch
Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is complex including variability in behavioral phenotype as well as clinical, physiologic, and pathologic parameters. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) now diagnoses ASD using a 2-dimensional model based social communication deficits and fixated interests and repetitive behaviors. Sorting out heterogeneity is crucial for study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. In this paper, we present an ensemble model for analyzing ASD phenotypes using several machine learning techniques and a k-dimensional subspace clustering algorithm...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254971/genome-sequence-of-enterovirus-d68-from-st-louis-missouri-usa-2016
#8
Kristine M Wylie, Todd N Wylie, Gregory A Storch
Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) was rarely observed prior to a widespread outbreak in 2014. We observed its reemergence in St. Louis in 2016 and sequenced the EV-D68 genomes from two patient samples. The 2016 viruses in St. Louis differed from those we had sequenced from the 2014 outbreak but were similar to other viruses circulating nationally in 2016.
March 2, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248622/perceived-health-reporting-knowledge-and-news-gathering-practices-of-health-journalists-and-editors-at-community-newspapers
#9
Heather Shoenberger, Shelly Rodgers
This research adds to our understanding of health and science reporting by identifying and examining the numbers, types, and simultaneous uses of resources selected by health and science journalists and editors at the initial stages of reporting, and relates this to journalists' perceived health reporting knowledge. A telephone survey of 141 health and science journalists and editors selected from 259 community newspapers in Missouri was conducted. Information sources included those that were highly credible, easy to access, already vetted by peers, and that enabled habitual reporting...
March 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240778/predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-association-with-fear-of-falling-after-hip-fracture
#10
Sara L Kornfield, Eric J Lenze, Kerri S Rawson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether fall-related hip fracture, alone or in the presence of Fear of Falling, is likely to induce PTSD in an elderly population. DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective study of patients admitted for hip fracture. SETTING: Eight St. Louis, Missouri, area hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older admitted for surgical hip fracture repair after a fall (N = 456). MEASUREMENTS: Rates of partial and full posttraumatic stress disorder (pPTSD and fPTSD) were compared with rates of FoF...
February 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236229/the-usage-of-accluster-for-peptide-binding-site-prediction
#11
Chengfei Yan, Xianjin Xu, Xiaoqin Zou
Peptides mediate up to 40 % of protein-protein interactions in a variety of cellular processes and are also attractive drug candidates. Thus, predicting peptide binding sites on the given protein structure is of great importance for mechanistic investigation of protein-peptide interactions and peptide therapeutics development. In this chapter, we describe the usage of our web server, referred to as ACCLUSTER, for peptide binding site prediction for a given protein structure. ACCLUSTER is freely available for users without registration at http://zougrouptoolkit...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235681/association-between-toxoplasma-gondii-seropositivity-and-memory-function-in-nondemented-older-adults
#12
Cynthia P Wyman, Shawn D Gale, Ariana Hedges-Muncy, Lance D Erickson, Eric Wilson, Dawson W Hedges
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) seropositivity may be associated with decreased memory in older adults. To further investigate the association between T. gondii seropositivity and memory in nondemented older adults, we obtained serum samples from 114 nondemented older adults evaluated by the Alzheimer's Disease and Research Center at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. We determined T. gondii seropositivity and anti-T. gondii IgG antibody titer and examined associations with memory function while controlling for socioeconomic status, education level, age, and apolipoprotein E4 status...
February 3, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229194/screening-level-assessment-of-metal-concentrations-in-streambed-sediments-and-floodplain-soils-within-the-grand-lake-watershed-in-northeastern-oklahoma-usa
#13
Ean M Garvin, Cas F Bridge, Meredith S Garvin
Metal releases have been received by the Grand Lake watershed from the Tri-State Mining District (TSMD) since the mid 1800s. To address data gaps in metal distributions in the Oklahoma portion of the watershed, streambed sediment and floodplain soil was sampled on various streams. The <63-µm fraction was analyzed for Cd, Pb, and Zn concentrations by portable X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Mean metal concentration results at reference transects indicated that background sediment/soil concentrations for Cd, Pb, and Zn within the watershed were 0...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227229/ensemble-statistical-and-subspace-clustering-model-for-analysis-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-phenotypes
#14
Khalid Al-Jabery, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi, Stephen Kanne, Donald Wunsch, Khalid Al-Jabery, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi, Stephen Kanne, Donald Wunsch, Donald Wunsch, Tayo Obafemi-Ajayi, Khalid Al-Jabery, Stephen Kanne, Gayla R Olbricht, T Nicole Takahashi
Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is complex including variability in behavioral phenotype as well as clinical, physiologic, and pathologic parameters. The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) now diagnoses ASD using a 2-dimensional model based social communication deficits and fixated interests and repetitive behaviors. Sorting out heterogeneity is crucial for study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. In this paper, we present an ensemble model for analyzing ASD phenotypes using several machine learning techniques and a k-dimensional subspace clustering algorithm...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220301/evidence-that-higher-co2-increases-tree-growth-sensitivity-to-temperature-a-comparison-of-modern-and-paleo-oaks
#15
Steven L Voelker, Michael C Stambaugh, J Renée Brooks, Frederick C Meinzer, Barbara Lachenbruch, Richard P Guyette
To test tree growth sensitivity to temperature under different ambient CO2 concentrations, we determined stem radial growth rates as they relate to variation in temperature during the last deglacial period, and compare these to modern tree growth rates as they relate to spatial variation in temperature across the modern species distributional range. Paleo oaks were sampled from Northern Missouri, USA and compared to a pollen-based, high-resolution paleo temperature reconstruction from Northern Illinois, USA...
April 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219386/advancing-system-and-policy-changes-for-social-and-racial-justice-comparing-a-rural-and-urban-community-based-participatory-research-partnership-in-the-u-s
#16
Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Ellen Barnidge, Maxine Golub, Freda Motton, Michael Muhammad, Charmaine Ruddock, Belinda Vicuña, Nina Wallerstein
BACKGROUND: The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice. METHODS: Two CBPR case studies addressing health inequities related to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease were selected from a national cross-site study assessing effective academic-community research partnerships. One CBPR partnership works with African Americans in rural Pemiscot County, Missouri and the other CBPR partnership works with African American and Latinos in urban South Bronx, New York City...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216178/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-programs-incorporating-social-applications-can-reach-at-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-for-successful-linkage-to-care-in-missouri-usa
#17
Rupa R Patel, Laura C Harrison, Viraj V Patel, Philip A Chan, Kenneth H Mayer, Hilary E Reno, Tyrell Manning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188181/genetic-analysis-of-teosinte-alleles-for-kernel-composition-traits-in-maize
#18
Avinash Karn, Jason D Gillman, Sherry A Flint-Garcia
Teosinte (Zea mays ssp. parviglumis) is the wild ancestor of modern maize (Zea mays ssp. mays). Teosinte contains greater genetic diversity compared to maize inbreds and landraces, but its use is limited by insufficient genetic resources to evaluate its value. A population of teosinte near isogenic lines (teosinte NILs) was previously developed to broaden the resources for genetic diversity of maize, and to discover novel alleles for agronomic and domestication traits. The 961 teosinte NILs were developed by backcrossing ten geographically diverse parviglumis accessions into the B73 (reference genome inbred) background...
February 10, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181368/diamond-burr-debridement-vs-grid-keratotomy-in-canine-scced-with-scanning-electron-microscopy-diamond-burr-tip-analysis
#19
Chloe B Spertus, Josef M Brown, Elizabeth A Giuliano
OBJECTIVES: (i) Compare the outcome of canine SCCED treated with grid keratotomy (GK) or diamond burr debridement (DBD); (ii) Serially evaluate morphologic and elemental composition changes to diamond burr tips. ANIMALS STUDIED: A total of 91 eyes of 88 canine SCCED patients treated at the University of Missouri (2005-2015); 75 fresh cadaver porcine globes. PROCEDURES: (i) Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Data were analyzed for age, sex, breed, procedure performed, eye(s) on which the procedure was performed, time to healing after a single surgical procedure, performance of a second surgical procedure, contact lens placement, and postprocedural complications...
February 9, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160781/multi-year-microbial-source-tracking-study-characterizing-fecal-contamination-in-an-urban-watershed
#20
Rebecca N Bushon, Amie M G Brady, Eric D Christensen, Erin A Stelzer
  Microbiological and hydrological data were used to rank tributary stream contributions of bacteria to the Little Blue River in Independence, Missouri. Concentrations, loadings and yields of E. coli and microbial source tracking (MST) markers, were characterized during base flow and storm events in five subbasins within Independence, as well as sources entering and leaving the city through the river. The E. coli water quality threshold was exceeded in 29% of base-flow and 89% of storm-event samples. The total contribution of E...
February 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
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