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Helena Sandoval-Insausti, Raúl F Pérez-Tasigchana, Esther López-García, José R Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Pilar Guallar-Castillón
BACKGROUND: The prospective association between protein intake and falls has been little studied. We assessed this association in a Spanish community-dwelling cohort. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 2464 men and women 60 years or older who were recruited in 2008-2010 and followed up through 2012. At baseline, the habitual protein intake was determined with a validated dietary history. At the end of follow-up, participants reported the number of falls experienced in the preceding year...
December 5, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Soomi Lee, Lauren Hale, Anne-Marie Chang, Nicole G Nahmod, Lindsay Master, Lawrence M Berger, Orfeu M Buxton
Study Objectives: Having a regular, age-appropriate bedtime and sufficient sleep from early childhood may be important for healthy weight in adolescence. This study aimed to (1) identify heterogeneous groups of children by bedtime and sleep routines and (2) test longitudinal associations of childhood bedtime and sleep routine groups with adolescent body mass index (BMI). Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national birth cohort from 20 US cities (N = 2196)...
December 4, 2018: Sleep
P L da Luz, D Favarato, E H Moriguchi, W de Carli, N Bruscato, R I Mochiduky, P Schwartzman, C E Rochitte, F R Laurindo
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is associated with atherosclerotic complications. However, elevated CAC may not always imply a worse prognosis. Herein, we report the clinical evolution of long-term red wine (RW) drinkers in relation to CAC. We followed 200 healthy male habitual RW drinkers and compared them to 154 abstainers for a period of 5.5 years. The initial evaluation included coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA), clinical, demographics, and laboratory data. CAC was quantified by the Agatston score...
November 29, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Rebecca S Wilson, Stephen D Mayhew, David T Rollings, Aimee Goldstone, Joanne R Hale, Andrew P Bagshaw
INTRODUCTION: Prior sleep behavior has been shown to correlate with waking resting-state functional connectivity (FC) in the default mode network (DMN). However, the impact of sleep history on FC during sleep has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to establish whether there is an association between intersubject variability in habitual sleep behaviors and the strength of FC within the regions of the DMN during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. METHODS: Wrist actigraphy and sleep questionnaires were used as objective and subjective measures of habitual sleep behavior, and EEG-functional MRI during NREM sleep was used to quantify sleep...
December 4, 2018: Brain and Behavior
Daniel Puciato, Michał Rozpara, Władysław Mynarski, Piotr Oleśniewicz, Julita Markiewicz-Patkowska, Małgorzata Dębska
Objective: The study examines relationships between physical activity levels and income status of working-age city residents. Methods: The study was carried out in the years 2014 and 2015 in Wrocław, Poland. The study sample comprised 4332 participants (2276 women; 2056 men) aged 18 to 64 years. Respondents' habitual physical activity levels were measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form (IPAQ-SF), while their income status was assessed with author's own Socio-Economic Status of Working-Age People Questionnaire (S-ESQ)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Yohannes Ayanaw Habitu, Anteneh Yalew, Telake Azale Bisetegn
Introduction: Though teen age pregnancy had poor maternal and perinatal health outcomes, its magnitude and determinants are not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of teenage pregnancy in Wogedi, northeast Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 514 teenagers in Wogedi, northeast Ethiopia, from April to May 2017. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, entered, and analyzed appropriately...
2018: Journal of Pregnancy
Tracy C d'Arbeloff, Katherine R Freedy, Annchen R Knodt, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Emotion regulation refers to the use of various strategies, such as cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, to help manage our negative experiences, emotions, and thoughts. Although such emotion regulation often occurs within broader social dynamics and interactions, little is known about how social contexts interact with specific regulation strategies to shape the experience of negative emotions. Using data from 544 young adult university students, we provide initial evidence that habitual use of cognitive reappraisal is associated with lower future experience of depression and anxiety primarily through higher perceived social support (PSS)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Micah B Goldwater, R Jason Brunt, Catherine H Echols
Two experiments were used to investigate the influence of both native and non-native speech on the categorization of a set of an object's motions by 9-month-olds. In Experiment 1, infants were habituated to a set of three object motions and tested with familiar and novel motions. Results of Experiment 1 show that infants were more likely to categorize the motion stimuli if they listened to either the native or non-native speech during the categorization process than if they listened to music or heard nothing at all...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Alan Kuang, Iris Erlund, Christian Herder, Johan A Westerhuis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Marilyn C Cornelis
Coffee is widely consumed and contains many bioactive compounds, any of which may impact pathways related to disease development. Our objective was to identify individual lipid changes in response to coffee drinking. We profiled the lipidome of fasting serum samples collected from a previously reported single blinded, three-stage clinical trial. Forty-seven habitual coffee consumers refrained from drinking coffee for 1 month, consumed 4 cups of coffee/day in the second month and 8 cups/day in the third month...
December 1, 2018: Nutrients
Barbara R Cardoso, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Blaine R Roberts, Melissa Formica, Jenny Gianoudis, Stella O'Connell, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Selenium was suggested to play a role in modulating cognitive performance and dementia risk. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the association between selenium status and cognitive performance, as well as inflammatory and neurotrophic markers in healthy older adults. This cross-sectional study included 154 older adults (≥60 years) from Victoria, Australia. Participants were assessed for cognitive performance (Cogstate battery), dietary selenium intake (two 24-h food recalls), plasma selenium concentration, inflammatory markers (interleukin (IL)-6, -8, -10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and adiponectin) and neurotrophic factors (brain-derived neurotrophic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor and insulin-like growth factor 1)...
December 1, 2018: Nutrients
K R Westerterp
Physical activity and body composition show a typical pattern over the lifecycle. Fat-free mass and physical performance generally peak in early adulthood. Here, evidence for a relation between physical activity changes over the life span and the development of sarcopenic obesity is presented. Activity-induced energy expenditure increases with body size and physical activity during growth. The physical activity level, calculated by expressing total energy expenditure as a multiple of resting energy expenditure, gradually increases from early age to adulthood to decrease again in old age...
December 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Emilio Márquez Contreras, Ignacio Vázquez-Rico, Agueda Baldonedo-Suárez, Sara Márquez-Rivero, Jesús Jiménez, Francisco Machancoses, Rocío Morano-Báez, Antonio León-Justel
Objective: To evaluate the impact that the moderate and regular consumption of Cinco Jotas acorn-fed 100% Iberian ham has on overall cardiovascular risk, lipid parameters, blood pressure, and weight. Methods: A longitudinal, analytical, and quasi-experimental clinical study with repeated measures was carried out with 100 randomly selected individuals in primary care. The sample population included men and women (64%) between the ages of 25 and 55 (42.08, SD 9.6) who were not diagnosed with any cardiovascular illness or diabetes, were not undergoing antihypertensive treatment, nor taking lipid-lowering drugs...
November 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Li-Li Gong, Song Yang, He Liu, Wen Zhang, Lu-Lu Ren, Fei-Fei Han, Ya-Li Lv, Zi-Rui Wan, Li-Hong Liu
Akebia saponin D, which is originates from Dipsacus asper Wall, has been used as a tonic, an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent for the therapy of low back pain, rheumatic arthritis, traumatic hematoma, habitual abortion and bone fractures in traditional Chinese medicine. However, the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity and mechanism of Akebia saponin D has been rarely reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity of Akebia saponin D and to assess its possible mechanism...
November 30, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Jill Priesmeyer, Alicia L Fedewa, Michael Toland
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity is a significant concern because a growing body of research demonstrates that physical activity during adolescence has numerous benefits on physical health, mental health, and educational achievement. A less-studied area of physical activity research is how physical activity participation in adolescence relates to educational and career aspirations and attainment. METHODS: Using the Add Health dataset consisting of over 15,000 participants, this study addressed several research questions relating to the long-term benefits of habitual physical activity in adolescence...
January 2019: Journal of School Health
Francesco Filiciotto, María Paz Sal Moyano, Giovanni de Vincenzi, Fernando Hidalgo, Virginia Sciacca, Maria Cielo Bazterrica, Valentina Corrias, Martìn Lorusso, Salvatore Mazzola, Giuseppa Buscaino, María Andrea Gavio
This study examined the effects of human lab-generated noise (sweep tone) on the behaviour and biochemistry of a semi-terrestrial crab (Neohelice granulata). The experiment was carried out in tanks equipped with video- and audio-recording systems on a total of seventy-eight specimens. In total, 42 experimental trials with sweep-tone exposure and control conditions were performed using crabs in single and group layouts. After a habituation period of 30 min, the locomotor and acoustic (sound signals emitted by the crabs) behaviours were monitored for 30 min...
December 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Leonardo Hinojosa, Juan A González, Felipe H Barrios-Masias, Francisco Fuentes, Kevin M Murphy
Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is a genetically diverse Andean crop that has earned special attention worldwide due to its nutritional and health benefits and its ability to adapt to contrasting environments, including nutrient-poor and saline soils and drought stressed marginal agroecosystems. Drought and salinity are the abiotic stresses most studied in quinoa; however, studies of other important stress factors, such as heat, cold, heavy metals, and UV-B light irradiance, are severely limited. In the last few decades, the incidence of abiotic stress has been accentuated by the increase in unpredictable weather patterns...
November 29, 2018: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
Daiki Watanabe, Sachi Kuranuki, Akiko Sunto, Naoki Matsumoto, Teiji Nakamura
This study investigated whether the association between postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) is affected by five type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) susceptibility genes, and whether four weeks of yogurt consumption would affect these responses. We performed a single-arm intervention study in young nondiabetic Japanese participants, who consumed 150 g yogurt daily for four weeks, after which a rice test meal containing 50 g carbohydrate was administered. PPG and postprandial serum insulin (PSI) were measured between 0 and 120 mins at baseline and after the intervention...
November 29, 2018: Nutrients
Sabrina Maniewicz, Elena Duvernay, Murali Srinivasan, Thomas Perneger, Martin Schimmel, Frauke Müller
PURPOSE: To compare the masticatory efficiency (ME), maximum voluntary bite force (MBF), masseter muscle thickness (MMT) and salivary flow rates (SFR) in completely edentulous dependent elders treated either with a conversion of their existing mandibular complete removable dental prostheses (CRDP) into a 2-implant overdenture (IOD) or a conventional reline of the CRDP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated into intervention (IG), and control (CG) group...
November 30, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Olugbenga Akinola, Elizabeth O Ogbeche, Hidayah A Olumoh-Abdul, Abdulmusawwir O Alli-Oluwafuyi, Aboyeji L Oyewole, Abdulbasit Amin, Wahab Imam AbdulMajeed, Olayemi Joseph Olajide, Abdurrazaq B Nafiu, Anoka A Njan, Olufunke E Olorundare, Grace O Gbotosho
Background: The emergence of a multidrug-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum ( Pf Pailin ) raises concern about malaria control strategies. Unfortunately, the role(s) of natural plants/remedies in curtailing malaria catastrophe remains uncertain. The claims of potential antimalarial activity of Cannabis sativa in vivo have not been well established nor the consequences defined. This study was, therefore, designed to evaluate the effects of whole cannabis consumption on malaria-infected host. Methods: Thirty mice were inoculated with dose of 1×107 chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium berghei ANKA-infected erythrocyte and divided into six treatment groups...
2018: Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research
Christian Veauthier, Sophie K Piper, Gunnar Gaede, Thomas Penzel, Friedemann Paul
Background: The first night effect (FNE) is a polysomnography (PSG) habituation effect in the first of several consecutive in-laboratory PSGs (I-PSGs). The FNE is caused by the discomfort provoked by electrodes and cables and the exposure to an unfamiliar environment. A reverse FNE (RFNE) with an improved sleep in the first night is characteristic of insomnia, presumably because the video PSG in the sleep laboratory leads to a decrease in the negatively toned cognitive activity. Therefore, two or more I-PSGs are required for an accurate diagnosis...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
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