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Monika Dybicz, Konrad Perkowski, Aleksandra Sędzikowska, Wanda Baltaza, Lidia Chomicz
Trichomonas tenax, cosmopolitan flagellate inhabiting human oral cavity, is the etiological agent of oral trichomonosis associated with gingival and periodontium deterioration. Purpose of this studies was to investigate the prevalence of infection with Trichomonas tenax identified by molecular techniques amplifying the region of ITS1-5.8S rRNA-ITS2 specific for T. tenax. The study included 498 persons: diabetic, renal transplant, rheumatoid arthritis patients and the control group. Prevalence of T. tenax in oral cavity was 10...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Benjamin W B Holman, Matthew J Kerr, Stephen Morris, David L Hopkins
Within 24 h post-mortem, loin surfaces of Australian beef carcasses (n = 436) were evaluated using the Nix Pro Color Sensor™ (NIX). The potential for colorimetrics (L*, a*, b*, hue and chroma) to discriminate between dark cutting (DC) and non-dark cutting (nDC) carcasses was compared. For this purpose, a chroma threshold of 30.5 delivered maximum total sensitivity and specificity. The bolar blade, striploin and topside from a selection of DC and nDC carcasses were also removed, aged for 14 d and tested for shear force, drip loss, cooking loss, ultimate pH, colour change over 3 d display (ΔE), and sarcomere length...
October 4, 2018: Meat Science
Maurizio Zavattoni, Giuseppina Lombardi, Francesca Garofoli, Guido Scalia, Annalisa Rizzo, Micol Angelini, Antonella Sarasini, Milena Furione, Fausto Baldanti
BACKGROUND: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection is the most common congenital infection in developed countries. Recent studies highlighted similar percentages of symptoms in HCMV congenitally-infected infants following either primary or non-primary maternal infections. OBJECTIVES: To highlight correlation between neonatal brain abnormalities, detected by ultrasounds and magnetic resonance image in HCMV congenitally-infected infants, and maternal virological parameters during pregnancy, especially in seroimmune mothers...
October 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Zhepei Gu, Weiming Chen, Qibin Li, Aiping Zhang
In this study, a ferrous-activated persulfate (PS) process induced by microwave (MW) energy was used to treat an industrial wastewater containing dinitrodiazophenol (DDNP). The effect of different operational parameters, such as PS dose, initial pH, MW power, and the mass ratio of ferrous to PS [i.e., n(Fe2+ /PS)], on chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal and the pseudo first-order constant k was systematically studied. Results showed that the constant k and COD removal increased considerably with increasing PS dose, MW power, and n(Fe2+ /PS); however, the constant k and COD removal decreased proportionally as the initial pH increased from 3 to 11...
October 4, 2018: Chemosphere
Qiaochong He, Chuanping Feng, Nan Chen, Dongqing Zhang, Tingting Hou, Jingwen Dai, Chunbo Hao, Bingchun Mao
In this study, characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and bacterial community structure in rice washing drainage (RWD)-based groundwater denitrification systems inoculated with and without seeding sludge were investigated. Complete nitrate removal was achieved with a maximum denitrification rate of 64.1 mg NO3 - -N·(gVSS·h)-1 . Analysis of three-dimension fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) identified three main compositions of DOM associated with tryptophan protein-like, aromatic protein-like, and polycarboxylate humic acid-like substances in the inoculated system, while one composition associated with tryptophan protein-like substance in the un-inoculated system...
October 6, 2018: Chemosphere
Marina Cosenza, Maria Ciccarelli, Giovanna Nigro
This study aimed to first investigate the role that general impairment in mentalization plays in gambling disorder and to analyze the interplay among mentalizing, impulsivity, and time perspective in adolescent gambling. Four hundred and ten late adolescents took part in the study. Participants were administered the South Oaks Gambling Screen Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA), the Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (RFQ-8), the Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity Scale (FDIS), and the 14-item Consideration of Future Consequences scale (CFC-14)...
October 6, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Masood Umer, Javeria Saeed, Nida Zahid
INTRODUCTION: Aggressive fibromatosis or Desmoid fibromatosis is a benign tumor which originated form mesenchymal tissues of the body. This tumor has strong potential of recurrence and infiltration but it does not metastasize to other organs of the body. This case series is focused to determine the treatment outcomes for pediatric patients of aggressive fibromatosis. METHODOLOGY: It is a retrospective case series conducted on 7 patients presented to section of Orthopedics, department of surgery of our institute in Karachi...
October 4, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Xun Yang, Yuzhou Liu, Xin Zhao, Jie Lao
In this study, we investigated the electrophysiologic recovery of the abductor pollicis brevis (APB) muscle after contralateral seventh cervical (cC7) nerve transfer for the treatment of global brachial plexus avulsion (GBPA). We retrospectively analyzed the electromyography records of 95 patients with GBPA, comprising 81 men and 14 women, focusing on the motor unit potential (MUP) recovery of the APB. All patients underwent cC7-median nerve (MN) transfer. The cC7 nerve was transferred to the MN alone in 58 patients (One-Nerve Group), whereas 37 patients underwent cC7 transfer to the MN and another nerve (Two-Nerve Group)...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Payam Dadvand, Sanam Hariri, Behzad Abbasi, Ramin Heshmat, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Xavier Basagaña, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence has associated contact with green spaces with improved mental health and wellbeing in adults. Social contacts has been postulated as a potential mechanism underlying such effects. However, the available evidence on the association between green spaces and self-satisfaction and also the mediatory role of social contacts in health benefits of green spaces in adolescents is still very scarce. We aimed to evaluate the association of time spent in different types of green spaces with self-satisfaction and social contacts in adolescents...
October 3, 2018: Environmental Research
Miranda J Spratlen, Maria Grau-Perez, Jason G Umans, Joseph Yracheta, Lyle G Best, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Teodoro Bottiglieri, Mary V Gamble, Shelley A Cole, Jinying Zhao, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Inorganic arsenic exposure is ubiquitous and both exposure and inter-individual differences in its metabolism have been associated with cardiometabolic risk. A more efficient arsenic metabolism profile (lower MMA%, higher DMA%) has been associated with reduced risk for arsenic-related health outcomes. This profile, however, has also been associated with increased risk for diabetes-related outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The mechanism behind these conflicting associations is unclear; we hypothesized the one-carbon metabolism (OCM) pathway may play a role...
September 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Jun Wang, Mingxiao Wang, Shaoguo Ru, Xiaoshou Liu
Microplastics, emerging contaminants in the ocean, are thought to sink and accumulate in sediments, and thus may pose a potential ecological risk to benthic communities. In this study, abundances and characteristics of microplastics in sediments and benthic organisms from the South Yellow Sea were investigated. First, we optimized the sediment sampling for microplastic analysis and found that the top layer (0-5 cm) had the highest abundance, and microplastic abundances decreased significantly with increase in sediment depth...
October 2, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
C Marchesoni, E Cisneros, P Pfister, P Yáñez, C Rollan, C Romero, I Kisinovsky, L Rattagan, L León Cejas, A Pardal, G Sevlever, R Reisin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of white matter and hemorrhagic lesions in brain MRI of children and adolescents with Fabry disease (FD). METHODS: Brain MRI studies in 44 consecutive children and teenagers (20 boys, mean age 14.6 years, range 7-21 years) were evaluated using classic sequences as well as, GRE-weighted images, for white matter lesions (WML) and chronic microbleed detection. All patients lacked history of stroke or TIA. Brain MRI findings in 46 consecutive children and adolescents without FD, referred for the evaluation of headaches (36 females, mean age 14...
October 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Yu Wang, Wangfei Wang, Minyu Zhu, Jing Wang, Yang Zhou, Kelun Huang, Jianhong Wang, Honglin Teng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and prior cerebral infarction (CI); to identify whether "prior CI" correlates with poor surgical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with CSM and prior CI were retrospectively reviewed and included as the CI group while 100 CSM patients without CI were included as the control group (matched for gender, age, symptom duration and surgical approach)...
September 24, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
G D Sclar, G Penakalapati, B A Caruso, E A Rehfuess, J V Garn, K T Alexander, M C Freeman, S Boisson, K Medlicott, T Clasen
The WHO defines health not as the absence of disease but as a "state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being." To date, public health research on sanitation has focused mainly on the impact of sanitation on infectious diseases and related sequelae, such as diarrhea and malnutrition. This review focuses on the mental and social well-being implications of sanitation. We systematically searched leading databases to identify eligible studies. Qualitative studies were assessed using a 17-point checklist adapted from existing tools, while quantitative studies were assessed using the Liverpool Quality Appraisal Tool...
September 19, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Anastasia N L Newman, Janelle Gravesande, Stephanie Rotella, Stephen S Wu, Nam Topp-Nguyen, Michelle E Kho, Jocelyn E Harris, Alison Fox-Robichaud, Patricia Solomon
PURPOSE: This scoping review summarizes the literature on the safety and effectiveness of physiotherapy interventions in patients with neurological and/or traumatic injuries in the intensive care unit (ICU), identifies literature gaps and provides recommendations for future research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched five databases from inception to June 2, 2018. We included published retrospective studies, case studies, observation and randomized controlled trials describing physiotherapy interventions in ICU patients with neurotrauma injuries...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Can Sarica, M Ibrahim Ziyal
BACKGROUND: The retroclival region is among the rarest locations for an arachnoid cyst (AC), with only a few published case reports. There is no accepted classification system for these rare cysts. Such a classification system will solve the nomenclature problem and may result in an easier and more systematic management. In this article, databases and literature on retroclival ACs (RACs) are reviewed and analyzed and a classification system is proposed. METHODS: A retrospective review for RACs was conducted in Marmara and Adiyaman University Hospitals, Turkey...
October 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Joonho Byun, Young-Hoon Kim, Soo Jung Nam, Ji Eun Park, Young Hyun Cho, Ho Sung Kim, Seok Ho Hong, Jeong Hoon Kim, Sang Joon Kim, Chang Jin Kim
OBJECTIVES: Gross total resection for glioblastoma (GBM) is associated with better prognosis. However, it is not always feasible, and the threshold of the extent of resection required for better prognosis is controversial. Therefore, we compared the survival and clinical outcomes of GBM patients undergoing partial resection (PR) or biopsy. METHODS: Thirty-two and 78 patients who underwent PR and biopsy, respectively, were enrolled to identify differences in clinical outcomes...
October 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ellen M Denzen, Jaime M Preussler, Elizabeth A Murphy, K Scott Baker, Linda J Burns, Jackie Foster, Lensa Idossa, Heather K Moore, Tammy J Payton, Darlene Haven, Balkrishna Jahagirdar, Naynesh Kamani, J Douglas Rizzo, Lizette Salazar, Barry A Schatz, Karen L Syrjala, John R Wingard, Navneet S Majhail
PURPOSE: This study aimed to develop a survivorship care plan (SCP) that could be individualized to facilitate long-term follow-up care of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. METHODS: A sample SCP was developed that included two documents- a treatment summary and preventive care recommendations that combined data on treatment exposures routinely submitted by HCT centers to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) with long-term follow-up guidelines...
October 10, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Carmen Romo-Barrientos, Juan José Criado-Álvarez, Maria Teresa Gil-Ruiz, Jaime González-González, Marta Rodríguez-Hernández, Ana Isabel Corregidor-Sánchez, Isabel Ubeda-Bañon, Alicia Flores-Cuadrado, Alicia Mohedano-Moriano, Begoña Polonio-López
CONTEXT: The practice of anatomical dissection and/or prosection on human cadavers is an essential component of human anatomy training programmes. However, this activity can be stressful for inexperienced students when exposed to cadavers for the first time, and it may generate high anxiety levels. The aims of this study are threefold: 1) To analyse the thoughts and feelings of first-year students of the Occupational Therapy degree about prosection practices; 2) to examine their anxiety levels in relation to these practices; and 3) to evaluate how useful and effective they are as an educational tool for anatomy training...
October 10, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
J M Colijn, A I den Hollander, A Demirkan, A Cougnard-Grégoire, T Verzijden, E Kersten, M A Meester, B M J Merle, G Papageorgiou, S Ahmad, M T Mulder, M A Costa, P Benlian, G Bertelsen, A Bron, B Claes, C Creuzot-Garcher, M G Erke, S Fauser, P J Foster, C J Hammond, H W Hense, C B Hoyng, A P Khawaja, J Korobelnik, S Piermarocchi, T Segato, R Silva, E H Souied, K M Williams, C M van Duijn, C Delcourt, C C W Klaver
PURPOSE: Genetic and epidemiologic studies have shown that lipid genes and High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) are implicated in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We studied circulating lipid levels in relation to AMD in a large European dataset, and investigated whether this relationship is driven by certain sub fractions. DESIGN: (Pooled) analysis of cross-sectional data. PARTICIPANTS: 30,953 individuals aged 50+ participating in the E3 consortium; and 1530 individuals from the Rotterdam Study with lipid sub fraction data...
October 10, 2018: Ophthalmology
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