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Health Policy, NCD

Corrina Moucheraud
The growing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) may pose challenges for resource-limited health systems. This study used standardized, nationally representative data from Service Provision Assessments conducted in 2013-15 and the Service Availability and Readiness Assessment methodology to examine NCD service availability and readiness in Bangladesh, Haiti, Malawi, Nepal, and Tanzania. Both service availability and readiness were found to be very low: Very few facilities were fully "ready" to provide any one NCD service...
August 2018: Health Affairs
Carren Ginsburg, Philippe Bocquier, Donatien Béguy, Sulaimon Afolabi, Kathleen Kahn, David Obor, Frank Tanser, Andrew Tomita, Marylene Wamukoya, Mark A Collinson
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are facing a double burden of disease with persisting high levels of infectious disease, and an increasing prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD). Within these settings, complex processes and transitions concerning health and population are underway, altering population dynamics and patterns of disease. Understanding the mechanisms through which changing socioeconomic and environmental contexts may influence health is central to developing appropriate public health policy...
July 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
N Peer
Recently, there have been significant advances in the battle against tobacco use in Africa, with achievements including ratification of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and the passing of tobacco control legislation in several countries. Many African countries have achieved measured success, while Uganda, South Africa and Mauritius have accomplished significantly more in their efforts to curb tobacco use. Nevertheless, few African countries meet the standards of the individual WHO FCTC articles with regard to comprehensive implementation...
June 26, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Peter C Rockers, Richard O Laing, Veronika J Wirtz
Introduction: Wealth-based inequity in access to medicines is an impediment to achieving universal health coverage in many low-income and middle-income countries. We explored the relationship between household wealth and access to medicines for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Kenya. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey to a sample of patients prescribed medicines for hypertension, diabetes or asthma. Data were collected on medicines available in the home, including the location and cost of purchase...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Matthew Gowshall, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading cause of death globally, the majority of these being due to cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, or diabetes. Mortality from many NCDs continues to increase worldwide, with a disproportionately larger impact in low-middle income countries (LMIs), where almost 75% of global deaths occur from these causes. As a low-income African country that consistently ranks amongst the world's poorest nations, Malawi as a case study demonstrates how transition due to societal change and increasing urbanization is often accompanied by a rise in the rate of NCDs...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Susan Vorkoper, Linda E Kupfer, Nalini Anand, Pragna Patel, Blythe Beecroft, William M Tierney, Robert Ferris, Wafaa M El-Sadr
OBJECTIVE: The remarkable progress made in confronting the global HIV epidemic offers a unique opportunity to address the increasing threat of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). However, questions remain about how to enhance the HIV platforms to deliver integrated HIV and NCD care to people living with HIV (PLHIV) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to develop a priority research agenda to advance this effort. METHODS: Researchers, policymakers, and implementers from the United States and SSA conducted three scoping reviews on HIV/NCD prevention and care focused on clinical, health system, and community levels...
July 1, 2018: AIDS
Miriam Rabkin, Helen de Pinho, Susan Michaels-Strasser, Doris Naitore, Angeli Rawat, Stephanie M Topp
OBJECTIVE: The successful expansion of HIV services in sub-Saharan Africa has been a signature achievement of global public health. This article explores health workforce-related lessons from HIV scale-up, their implications for integrating noncommunicable disease (NCD) services into HIV programs, ways to ensure that healthcare workers have the knowledge, skills, resources, and enabling environment they need to provide comprehensive integrated HIV/NCD services, and discussion of a priority research agenda...
July 1, 2018: AIDS
Beatrice L Matanje Mwagomba, Soter Ameh, Pido Bongomin, Pamela A Juma, Rachel K MacKenzie, Catherine Kyobutungi, Nomthandazo Lukhele, Kibachio Joseph Muiruri Mwangi, Alemayehu Amberbir, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Josh Berman
INTRODUCTION: Countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are recognizing the growing dual burden of HIV and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). This article explores the availability, implementation processes, opportunities and challenges for policies and programs for HIV/NCD integration in four SSA countries: Malawi, Kenya, South Africa and Swaziland. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of current policies and programs relating to HIV/NCD care integration from January to April 2017 using document review and expert opinions...
July 1, 2018: AIDS
Gyambo Sithey, Mu Li, Anne Marie Thow
There is growing global interest in Gross National Happiness (GNH) as a metric to capture population well-being and economic development. Empirical evidence suggests that health is necessary for achievement of happiness. The growing epidemic of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) threatens to undermine the achievement of GNH. We analyze synergies between current policy priorities and the institutional mechanism for GNH and the Global NCD Action Plan 2013-2020 that has informed Bhutan's approach to NCDs. We identify strategic policy opportunities to strengthen outcomes for both policy areas...
June 27, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Kiyoko Hattori, Hidenori Uda, Yoshiaki Hitomi, Ryosuke Yano, Takao Saijo, Naoyuki Watanabe, Maki Satomi, Aya Yoshida, Osamu Oishi, Tsuyoshi Yamashita, Akira Kamenosono
Objectives In Vietnam, the number of patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been increasing in recent years in association with the country's remarkable economic growth and corresponding changes in its population's lifestyle. The purposes of this research were to identify the challenges in the prevention and control of NCDs in Vietnam and to discuss countermeasures for NCDs in Vietnam and Japan.Methods As a 2015 Regional Public Health Overall Promotion Project, an investigation team consisting of 11 public health physicians visited Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and its vicinities from January 11, 2016 to January 15, 2016...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Dileepa Senajith Ediriweera, Palitha Karunapema, Arunasalam Pathmeswaran, Mahendra Arnold
BACKGROUND: Globally, non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of death and more than 40% of NCD deaths are premature occurring before the age of 70 years. In 2012, World Health Assembly declared its commitment to reduce premature NCD mortality by 25% from 2010 to 2025. The trend of premature NCD deaths in Sri Lanka has not been assessed and thus this study was done to assess it between 2001 to 2010. METHODS: Deaths due to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes were studied...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
Désirée Vandenberghe, Johan Albrecht
Each year, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 40 million people worldwide and impose an estimated economic burden of $600 billion. Without effective policymaking, NCDs will continue to undermine health and economic systems globally. We propose that climate policy measures-such as carbon pricing-can yield significant health-related co-benefits aside from their intended greenhouse gas emission reduction. We simulate three carbon tax scenarios in the energy and food sector in Belgium and assess the resulting health-related co-benefits...
April 26, 2018: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
Shinjini Mondal, Sara Van Belle
BACKGROUND: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are seen in most corners as the embodiment of a more inclusive and holistic development approach, key to addressing the numerous and urgent challenges the world faces. In the health realm, a true SDG approach will require a five-fold paradigm shift according to Buse and Hawkes. This article explores whether early traces of this paradigm shift can already be witnessed in the Indian context, focusing on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) more in particular...
April 25, 2018: Globalization and Health
George A Atiim, Susan J Elliott, Ann E Clarke
Allergic diseases have closely followed the rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially in western societies. As prevalence of NCD is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), researchers are hinting that the same future may hold for (food) allergic disease in this world region. Already, researchers are beginning to record prevalence, though with little attention to the social experience of individuals and parents with food allergic children. This paper presents the first qualitative analysis of the daily realities of adults and parents of children with allergies in SSA using Ghana as a case study...
May 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Youran Zhang, Gang Chen, Qi Zhang, Jun Lu, Huijiong Yu
Background: Non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors can co-exist with disability and cause a greater burden on the health status of adults with disabilities. A lack of egalitarian social policies in China may result in gender disparities in the NCD risk factors of adults with disabilities. However, little is known about the gender disparities in the association between socio-demographics and NCD risk factors among adults with disabilities in China; consequently, we examined this association among adults with disabilities in Shanghai, China...
2018: PeerJ
Rajeshwari Sinha, Sanghamitra Pati
The growing epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has impacted the national health systems, policies, and socioeconomic developments, thereby leading to increasing country level disparities. Despite substantial improvements in health indicators made in the past decade, the Indian health-care system continues to contribute disproportionately to the global disease burden, wherein NCDs holds significant prominence. Against this background, the present review analyzes the current NCD landscape from the perspective of India's health system preparedness toward meeting this growing challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Grace Sum, Thomas Hone, Rifat Atun, Christopher Millett, Marc Suhrcke, Ajay Mahal, Gerald Choon-Huat Koh, John Tayu Lee
Background: Multimorbidity, the presence of two or more non-communicable diseases (NCD), is a costly and complex challenge for health systems globally. Patients with NCDs incur high levels of out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE), often on medicines, but the literature on the association between OOPE on medicines and multimorbidity has not been examined systematically. Methods: A systematic review was conducted via searching medical and economics databases including Ovid Medline, EMBASE, EconLit, Cochrane Library and the WHO Global Health Library from year 2000 to 2016...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Otgontuya Dugee, Enkhtuya Palam, Bayarsaikhan Dorjsuren, Ajay Mahal
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) pose a formidable health and development challenge for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, translating this challenge into resource allocation is seriously constrained by a lack of country specific evidence on NCD financing and its distributional implications. This study estimated expenditures associated with NCDs in Mongolia and their distributions across socioeconomic groups, focusing especially on private out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on the major NCDs...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
Rimante Ronto, Jason Hy Wu, Gitanjali M Singh
Non-communicable diseases (NCD) have increased dramatically in developed and developing countries. Unhealthy diet is one of the major factors contributing to NCD development. Recent evidence has identified deterioration in aspects of dietary quality across many world regions, including low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Most burdens of disease attributable to poor diet can be prevented or delayed as they occur prematurely. Therefore, it is important to identify and target unhealthy dietary behaviours in order to have the greatest impact...
August 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Stephen R Leeder, Tanisha Jowsey, Justin W McNab
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are increasing in prevalence and straining health systems globally. This creates a so-called 'burden of disease', which can be traced in terms of fiscal health system matters and in terms of quality of life and lived experiences of people with NCDs. The United Nations has called for a global agenda to manage NCDs and reduce their burden. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to summarise key findings from the Serious and Continuing Illness Policy and Practice Study concerning patients’ and carers’ experiences of multimorbid NCDs in Australia...
January 2018: Australian journal of general practice
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