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Health Policy, NCD

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496254/factors-associated-with-residents-contract-behavior-with-family-doctors-in-community-health-service-centers-a-longitudinal-survey-from-china
#1
Jiaoling Huang, Shanshan Liu, Rongrong He, Shuai Fang, Wei Lu, Jun Wu, Hong Liang, Yimin Zhang
BACKGROUND: China adopted family doctor (FD) to help achieve "Healthy China 2030" through providing continuous, comprehensive, and life-cycle contract services. However, there is a disparity between actual and targeted FD use, as residents continue to visit specialists in large hospitals. The government implemented initiatives to improve residents' willingness to sign up with and visit their FDs. Factors that influence contract behavior are therefore significant for frontier policy research...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30496107/measuring-progress-from-1990-to-2017-and-projecting-attainment-to-2030-of-the-health-related-sustainable-development-goals-for-195-countries-and-territories-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Efforts to establish the 2015 baseline and monitor early implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight both great potential for and threats to improving health by 2030. To fully deliver on the SDG aim of "leaving no one behind", it is increasingly important to examine the health-related SDGs beyond national-level estimates. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017), we measured progress on 41 of 52 health-related SDG indicators and estimated the health-related SDG index for 195 countries and territories for the period 1990-2017, projected indicators to 2030, and analysed global attainment...
November 10, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30488032/descriptive-analysis-of-physical-activity-initiatives-for-health-promotion-in-saudi-arabia
#3
REVIEW
Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa, Mezna A AlMarzooqi
Background: Although the benefits of physical activity are well acknowledged, a high percentage of Saudi population, especially females, remain essentially physically inactive. Getting inactive people to start participating in physical activity and to keep exercising remains a great challenge. Physical activity initiatives in the country have not been previously documented. Therefore, the aim of this article was to provide a narrative review of the physical activity initiatives and discusses influencing factors...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30459826/what-influenced-provision-of-non-communicable-disease-healthcare-in-the-syrian-conflict-from-policy-to-implementation-a-qualitative-study
#4
Sylvia Garry, Francesco Checchi, Beniamino Cislaghi
Background: There has been increasing focus on tackling the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in crisis settings. The complex and protracted crisis in Syria is unfolding against a background of increasing NCD burden. This study investigated factors influencing implementation of NCD healthcare in Syria. Methods: This is a qualitative study, whereby semi-structured interviews were conducted with fourteen humanitarian health staff working on NCD healthcare in Syria...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30408231/use-of-dna-sequencing-for-noncommunicable-diseases-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-primary-care-settings-a-narrative-synthesis
#5
Luz Maria González-Robledo, Edson Serván-Mori, Anaid Casas-López, Sergio Flores-Hernández, María Lilia Bravo, Gilberto Sánchez-González, Gustavo Nigenda
OBJECTIVE: To present a systematic narrative review, informed by international experience, on the use of genomic analysis technologies in the primary care of noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) during the last 20 years. METHODS: We used the methodology for conducting systematic reviews proposed by the Center for Coordination and Information on Evidence for Policies and Practices. The selected articles were organized by time, place, study design, and type of DNA sequencing...
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386419/bibliometric-analysis-of-peer-reviewed-literature-on-syrian-refugees-and-displaced-people-2011-2017
#6
Waleed M Sweileh
Background: The Syrian conflict has created the worst humanitarian crisis of our time with approximately half of Syria's pre-war population killed or forced to flee their homes. The current study aimed to analyze peer-reviewed literature published on Syrian refugees and displaced people. Methods: A bibliometric methodology was implemented using Scopus database after retrieving documents relevant to Syrian refugees and displaced people. Findings: In total, 323 documents were retrieved...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327400/study-protocol-for-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-depression-management-on-gylcaemic-control-in-non-communicable-diseases-clinics-in-malawi
#7
Michael Mphatso Udedi, Brian W Pence, Felix Kauye, Adamson S Muula
INTRODUCTION: Depression is associated with negative patient outcomes for chronic diseases and likely affects consistent physical non-communicable diseases (NCDs) care management in relation to clinic attendance and medication adherence. We found no published studies on the integration of depression management in physical NCD clinics in Malawi and assessing its effects on patient and service outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of integrating depression screening and management in physical NCD routine care on patient and service outcomes in Malawi...
October 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30321380/the-changing-face-of-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-disease-in-myanmar-findings-from-the-2009-and-2014-who-step-surveys
#8
Shekhar Grover, Dhirendra N Sinha, Sanjay Gupta, Prakash C Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra
Background: Myanmar is burdened with the dual problem of communicable and non-communicable diseases (NCD), and is constantly endeavoring to attain its health objectives with limited resources. This study compares the results for the 2009 and 2014 WHO STEPs surveys (the 'stepwise' approach to adult risk factor surveillance) in Myanmar to determine the change in NCD risk factors over time. Methodology: The proportion of individuals with major NCD risk factors such as current tobacco and alcohol consumption, <5 fruit/vegetable servings, physical activity, raised blood pressure (BP) and overweight and obesity from the year 2009 (n = 6414) and year 2014 (n = 8757) WHO STEP surveys were compared for the age group 25-64 and relative changes (RC) calculated...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277610/systems-thinking-as-a-framework-for-analyzing-commercial-determinants-of-health
#9
Cécile Knai, Mark Petticrew, Nicholas Mays, Simon Capewell, Rebecca Cassidy, Steven Cummins, Elizabeth Eastmure, Patrick Fafard, Benjamin Hawkins, Jørgen Dejgård Jensen, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Modi Mwatsama, Jim Orford, Heide Weishaar
Policy Points: Worldwide, more than 70% of all deaths are attributable to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), nearly half of which are premature and apply to individuals of working age. Although such deaths are largely preventable, effective solutions continue to elude the public health community. One reason is the considerable influence of the "commercial determinants of health": NCDs are the product of a system that includes powerful corporate actors, who are often involved in public health policymaking...
September 2018: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30276767/-health-promotion-policies-for-all-in-taiwan
#10
Ying-Wei Wang
Health promotion was defined at the first International Conference on Health Promotion held by the World Health Organization in 1986 as a process that enables the public to improve their health. Moreover, the United Nations High-Level Meeting on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in 2011 highlighted that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) account for 63% of deaths worldwide, with major NCD-related risk behaviors including tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol, and unhealthy diet...
October 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227859/-i-attend-at-vanguard-and-i-attend-here-as-well-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare-services-among-older-south-africans-with-hiv-and-non-communicable-diseases
#11
Lucia Knight, Enid Schatz, Ferdinand C Mukumbang
BACKGROUND: HIV and non-communicable disease (NCD) are syndemic within sub-Saharan Africa especially among older persons. The two epidemics interact with one another within a context of poverty, inequality and inequitable access to healthcare resulting in an increase in those aged 50 and older living with HIV and experiencing an NCD co-morbidity. We explore the challenges of navigating healthcare for older persons living with HIV and NCD co-morbidity. METHODS: In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a small sample of older persons living with HIV (OPLWH)...
September 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30197544/stroke-prevention-in-europe-how-are-11-european-countries-progressing-toward-the-european-society-of-cardiology-esc-recommendations
#12
Aditi Karnad, Annie Pannelay, Anelia Boshnakova, Alan D Lovell, Robert G Cook
Purpose: Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, although studies show that 90% of strokes can be prevented. The evidence base for stroke prevention is well established, and this study aimed to investigate how well European countries are adopting the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines, particularly toward implementation of the recommended best practice in stroke prevention. Materials and methods: We developed a stroke prevention scorecard - populated with World Health Organization (WHO) data, secondary research, time-series data, and a survey of 550 physicians - to benchmark 11 European countries in the context of the ESC guidelines...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195512/role-of-prebiotics-in-regulation-of-microbiota-and-prevention-of-obesity
#13
REVIEW
Grethel Teresa Choque Delgado, Wirla Maria da Silva Cunha Tamashiro
There is an increasing incidence in non-communicable diseases (NCD) such as obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome all over the world, despite of the governmental investments in healthy policies. Some of these diseases represent a high economic burden to individuals and society, demanding urgency in the identification of risk factors and appropriate solutions. Inadequate nutrition habits are an important risk factor for developing these diseases, and the consumption of functional foods such as prebiotics, probiotics, and phenolic compounds may contribute to mitigate them...
November 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187582/household-coping-strategies-after-an-adult-noncommunicable-disease-death-in-bangladesh
#14
Andrew J Mirelman, Antonio J Trujillo, Louis W Niessen, Sayem Ahmed, Jahangir A M Khan, David H Peters
When facing adverse health from noncommunicable disease (NCD), households adopt coping strategies that may further enforce poverty traps. This study looks at coping after an adult NCD death in rural Bangladesh. Compared with similar households without NCD deaths, households with NCD deaths were more likely to reduce basic expenditure and to have decreased social safety net transfers. Household composition changes showed that there was demographic coping for prime age deaths through the addition of more women...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170296/the-effects-of-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-on-labour-force-outcomes-quasi-experimental-evidence-from-sri-lanka
#15
Ajantha Sisira Kumara, Ramanie Samaratunge
We investigate the effects of experiencing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on labour force outcomes of working-age individuals and their households in Sri Lanka. For this, quasi-experimental evidence, including average treatment effects on those treated (ATT), are generated by using the self-reported health survey of the labour force of Sri Lanka. According to the analysis, individuals with at least one NCD account for approximately 19.15% of the working-age population. On average, employment probability, labour supply, and labour earnings of them are significantly lower than those of non-NCD individuals by 9...
August 13, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168399/assessment-of-the-multi-sectoral-approach-to-tobacco-control-policies-in-south-africa-and-togo
#16
Saliyou Sanni, Charles Hongoro, Catherine Ndinda, Jennifer P Wisdom
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the world's leading preventable cause of illness and death and the most important risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), particularly cardiovascular and chronic respiratory diseases (heart attack, stroke, congestive obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung cancer). Tobacco control is one of the World Health Organization's "best-buys" interventions to prevent NCDs. This study assessed the use of a multi-sectoral approach (MSA) in developing and implementing tobacco control policies in South Africa and Togo...
August 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168397/the-evolution-of-non-communicable-diseases-policies-in-post-apartheid-south-africa
#17
Catherine Ndinda, Tidings P Ndhlovu, Pamela Juma, Gershim Asiki, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: Redressing structural inequality within the South African society in the post-apartheid era became the central focus of the democratic government. Policies on social and economic transformation were guided by the government's blueprint, the Reconstruction and Development Programme. The purpose of this paper is to trace the evolution of non-communicable disease (NCD) policies in South Africa and the extent to which the multi-sectoral approach was utilised, while explicating the underlying rationale for "best buy" interventions adopted to reduce and control NCDs in South Africa...
August 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168393/non-communicable-disease-prevention-policy-process-in-five-african-countries-authors
#18
Pamela A Juma, Shukri F Mohamed, Beatrice L Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Oladimeji Oladepo, Opeyemi Abiona, Misheck J Nkhata, Jennifer P Wisdom, Jean-Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: The increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in sub-Saharan Africa is causing further burden to the health care systems that are least equipped to deal with the challenge. Countries are developing policies to address major NCD risk factors including tobacco use, unhealthy diets, harmful alcohol consumption and physical inactivity. This paper describes NCD prevention policy development process in five African countries (Kenya, South Africa, Cameroon, Nigeria, Malawi), including the extent to which WHO "best buy" interventions for NCD prevention have been implemented...
August 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168391/multi-sectoral-action-in-non-communicable-disease-prevention-policy-development-in-five-african-countries
#19
Pamela A Juma, Clarisse Mapa-Tassou, Shukri F Mohamed, Beatrice L Matanje Mwagomba, Catherine Ndinda, Mojisola Oluwasanu, Jean-Claude Mbanya, Misheck J Nkhata, Gershim Asiki, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: The rise of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Africa requires a multi-sectoral action (MSA) in their prevention and control. This study aimed to generate evidence on the extent of MSA application in NCD prevention policy development in five sub-Saharan African countries (Kenya, South Africa, Cameroon, Nigeria and Malawi) focusing on policies around the major NCD risk factors. METHODS: The broader study applied a multiple case study design to capture rich descriptions of policy contents, processes and actors as well as contextual factors related to the policies around the major NCD risk factors at single- and multi-country levels...
August 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157872/the-development-and-implementation-of-a-new-import-duty-on-palm-oil-to-reduce-non-communicable-disease-in-fiji
#20
Jeremaia Coriakula, Marj Moodie, Gade Waqa, Catherine Latu, Wendy Snowdon, Colin Bell
BACKGROUND: Non communicable diseases (NCD) place a significant health burden on Pacific Island countries including Fiji. Policy interventions to curb NCDs have been implemented in Fiji including a 32% increase in the import duty on palm oil. This study aims to analyse the development and implementation of the increase in palm oil import duty in Fiji. Also, to document the policy process, identify barriers and facilitators during implementation and to examine the impact of the new import duty on import volumes...
August 29, 2018: Globalization and Health
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