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Workplace Wellness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095588/association-of-job-satisfaction-and-security-with-subjective-health-and-well-being-in-korean-employees
#1
Jungsun Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an association of workplace exposure to physical factors (physical, chemical, and ergonomic hazards) and psychosocial factors, and of job satisfaction and job security with the subjective health and well-being of Korean workers. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of data from the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Exposure to physical factors (especially ergonomic factors) and psychosocial factors were negatively associated with good subjective health and well-being...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088186/efforts-rewards-and-professional-autonomy-determine-residents-experienced-well-being
#2
S S Lases, Irene A Slootweg, E G J M Pierik, Erik Heineman, M J M H Lombarts
The well-being of residents, our future medical specialists, is not only beneficial to the individual physician but also conditional for delivering high-quality patient care. Therefore, the authors further explored how residents experience their own well-being in relation to their professional and personal life. The authors conducted a qualitative study based on a phenomenological approach. From June to October 2013, 13 in-depth interviews were conducted with residents in various training programs using a semi-structured interview guide to explore participants' experience of their well-being in relation to their professional life...
August 7, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087822/medication-error-reporting-underreporting-and-acceptability-of-smartphone-application-for-reporting-among-health-care-professionals-in-perak-malaysia
#3
Doris George, Amar-Singh Hss, Azmi Hassali
Background and objectives In Malaysia, the national voluntary non-punitive Medication Error Reporting System (MER-S) has been available since 2009, with compiled reports indicating the underreporting of various medication errors (ME). This survey intends to determine the ME reporting practice among healthcare professionals and the acceptance of ME reporting by utilising smartphone application if it is available. Design A cross-sectional survey was conducted for two months in 2017 among doctors and pharmacists in publicly funded healthcare facilities in Perak, Malaysia...
June 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083422/understanding-the-economic-benefit-associated-with-research-and-services-at-the-national-institute-for-occupational-safety-and-health-an-approach-and-three-case-studies
#4
Benjamin M Miller, David Metz, Troy D Smith, Jesse Lastunen, Eric Landree, Christopher Nelson
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop an approach, reported here, for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. The cases provide concrete illustrations of the ways in which NIOSH research could affect worker health and safety practices and outcomes, as well as some initial estimates of the economic benefit associated with those impacts. The authors selected the case studies to illustrate variation in types of NIOSH research and in intended users...
August 2018: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30083291/insufficient-sleep-syndrome-is-it-time-to-classify-it-as-a-major-noncommunicable-disease
#5
Vijay Kumar Chattu, Sateesh M Sakhamuri, Raman Kumar, David Warren Spence, Ahmed S BaHammam, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Over the last three to four decades, it has been observed that the average total number of hours of sleep obtained per night by normal individuals have decreased. Concomitantly, global figures indicate that insufficient sleep is associated with serious adverse health and social outcomes. Moreover, insufficient sleep has been linked to seven of the fifteen leading causes of death. Additionally, current evidence suggests that sleep plays a significant role in determining cognitive performance and workplace productivity...
March 2018: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082214/fighting-a-losing-battle-midwives-experiences-of-workplace-stress
#6
Sadie Geraghty, Craig Speelman, Sara Bayes
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the nature of midwives' work-related stress and the implications, if any, for midwives overall emotional well-being and career decisions. METHODS: A classic Glaserian grounded theory methodology was used, which included 21 in-depth individual face-to-face interviews with registered midwives. FINDINGS: The core category that emerged from the data labelled 'Fighting a Losing Battle' consisted of the causal, contextual and conditional factors that together form the core problem faced by the midwives...
August 3, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081562/bullying-at-workplace-and-brain-imaging-correlates
#7
Giovanni Nolfe, Mario Cirillo, Alessandro Iavarone, Alberto Negro, Elisabetta Garofalo, Annisa Cotena, Massimo Lazazzara, Gemma Zontini, Sossio Cirillo
The relationship between psychosocial stress at work and mental health outcome is well-known. Brain-imaging studies hypothesize morphological brain modifications connected to work-related stress. To our knowledge this is the first study describing the link between work characteristics and brain imaging in a sample of work-related psychiatric patients assessed according to standardized clinical and diagnostic criteria. The aims of the study are: (1) to evaluate hippocampal and whole brain volumes in work-related psychiatric disturbances; (2) to verify the relationship between brain changes and the anxious and/or depressive symptoms; (3) to observe the relationship between the brain changes and the degree of the bullying at workplace...
August 4, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30080815/care-for-dying-children-and-their-families-in-the-picu-promoting-clinician-education-support-and-resilience
#8
Karen Dryden-Palmer, Daniel Garros, Elaine C Meyer, Catherine Farrell, Christopher S Parshuram
OBJECTIVES: To describe the consequences of workplace stressors on healthcare clinicians in PICU, and strategies for personal well-being, and professional effectiveness in providing high-quality end-of-life care. DATA SOURCES: Literature review, clinical experience, and expert opinion. STUDY SELECTION: A sampling of foundational and current evidence was accessed. DATA SYNTHESIS: Narrative review and experiential reflection...
August 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075342/occupational-asthma-from-epoxy-compounds
#9
Hille Suojalehto, Joaquin Sastre, Emilia Merimaa, Irmeli Lindström, Katri Suuronen
BACKGROUND: Two-component epoxy resin systems (ERS) composed of epoxy resin and polyamine hardeners are extensively used in industrial and construction coating. Triglycidyl isocyanurate (TGIC) is another type of epoxy derivative, mostly encountered in polyester powder paints. Epoxy compounds are well known skin sensitizers, but their respiratory sensitizing potential is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: We report patients examined for occupational asthma from epoxy compounds...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074402/lumbar-facet-joint-kinematics-and-load-effects-during-dynamic-lifting
#10
Suman K Chowdhury, Ryan M Byrne, Yu Zhou, Xudong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the lumbar facet joint kinematics in vivo during dynamic lifting and the effects of the load lifted. BACKGROUND: Although extensive efforts have been dedicated to investigating the risk factors of low back pain (LBP) associated with load handling in the workplace, the biomechanics of lumbar facet joints during such activities is not well understood. METHOD: Fourteen healthy participants performed a load-lifting task while a dynamic stereo-radiography system captured their lumbar motion continuously...
August 3, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30071847/intellectual-disability-content-within-tertiary-medical-curriculum-how-is-it-taught-and-by-whom
#11
Julian N Trollor, Claire Eagleson, Beth Turner, Jane Tracy, Jennifer J Torr, Seeta Durvasula, Teresa Iacono, Rachael C Cvejic, Nicolas Lennox
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability experience higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population, yet have inequitable access to health care services. Improving the workplace capacity of medical professionals to meet the needs of this population is one way to reduce barriers to care and improve health outcomes. Using diverse pedagogy appropriate to learning outcomes to teach medical students about intellectual disability is a necessary step in improving future workplace capacity...
August 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066535/environmental-and-individual-exposure-and-the-risk-of-congenital-anomalies-a-review-of-recent-epidemiological-evidence
#12
Silvia Baldacci, Francesca Gorini, Michele Santoro, Anna Pierini, Fabrizio Minichilli, Fabrizio Bianchi
INTRODUCTION: Congenital anomalies (CAs) represent one of the main cause of foetal death, infant mortality and morbidity, and long-term disability. CAs have been object of systematic registration activity for a long-time in many geographical areas in Europe and worldwide. CAs are often associated with disabilities of different types and severity, including the developed Countries worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), each year approximately 3,2 million of children worldwide are born with a CA and approximately 300,000 newborns with a diagnosis of birth defect die within the first 28 days of life...
May 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30065680/getting-the-work-nonwork-interface-you-are-looking-for-the-relevance-of-work-nonwork-boundary-management-fit
#13
Yanne Bogaerts, Rein De Cooman, Sara De Gieter
Recently, work-family scholars have empirically demonstrated the importance of congruence between employees' boundary management preferences and boundary management supplies provided by the work environment in relation to employee attitudes and behavior. However, a theoretically grounded construct that captures this congruence is lacking. The present study addresses this gap by developing the construct and measure of work-nonwork boundary management fit , based on the needs-supplies fit framework. We cross-validate the scale in three independent samples ( n = 188, diverse group of employees, n = 75, employees from one hospital, and n = 81, employees from one car company) and in a fourth sample ( n = 458, working parents), we demonstrated the importance of work-nonwork boundary management fit for employee well-being (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064302/effects-of-work-arrangements-on-the-sleep-regimen-of-creative-r-d-employees
#14
Aaro Hazak, Erve Sõõru, Heili Hein, Kadri Männasoo
Traditional 'nine-to-five' working schedules do not consider individual characteristics. We identify what types of employees suffer from the adverse effects of work arrangements on their sleep regimen based on a survey of Estonian creative research and development (R&D) employees (N=153). We present ordinary least squares and ordered probit regression estimates and recursive structural equation model estimates of the employees' perceived level of sleep regimen disruption. We find that evening-type employees, women and employees with a lower creative intensity of work perceive with a significantly higher probability that work limits their sleep, while employees having flexibility in both working time and workplace feel less impacted by work-driven constraints on their sleep regimen...
July 31, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063974/integrated-evaluation-of-solvent-exposure-in-an-occupational-setting-air-dermal-and-bio-monitoring
#15
Matteo Creta, Horatiu Moldovan, Katrien Poels, Septimiu Voidazan, Lode Godderis, Radu-Corneliu Duca, Jeroen Vanoirbeek
The assessment of dermal exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is becoming increasingly important in industrial settings. The study aimed to evaluate the overall exposure (inhalation and dermal) of workers to VOCs, and to assess the suitability of activated charcoal cloth (ACC) patches for the evaluation of the contribution of dermal exposure (vs. inhalation exposure) to the whole body burden, as reflected by human biomonitoring. Inhalation exposure to toluene, acetone and styrene (passive 3 M organic vapour monitors, OVMs) and dermal exposure (ACC patches on the index finger, thumb and neck) were measured simultaneously in 37 subjects performing different tasks in a factory of thermoplastic panels...
July 28, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061552/increased-mental-well-being-and-reduced-state-anxiety-in-teachers-after-participation-in-a-residential-yoga-program
#16
Shirley Telles, Ram Kumar Gupta, Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj, Nilkamal Singh, Prabhat Mishra, Deepak Kumar Pal, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND Reducing stress in the workplace improves mental health. Teaching is of social importance, but it may receive inadequate recognition and rewards. The present study compared mental well-being and state anxiety in primary school teachers who practiced 15 days of yoga in a residential setting with those who continued their usual routine. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 236 primary school teachers to participate in the study. We assigned 118 primary school teachers (group mean ±S.D., age 41.5±6.0 years, 74 females) to the experimental group; they underwent 15 days of yoga training for 6 hours/day) in a residential yoga center...
July 31, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059358/psychosocial-job-stressors-and-mental-health-the-potential-moderating-role-of-emotion-regulation
#17
Lay San Too, Peter Butterworth
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether emotion regulation moderates the association between psychosocial job stressors and psychological distress. METHODS: We used data from the Work and Well-being Survey of 1,044 Australian working adults. An adjusted linear regression model was used to estimate the moderating effect of emotion regulation. RESULTS: The impact of low fairness and low control at work on distress was stronger in individuals with low (rather than high) cognitive reappraisal (β = 2...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058597/metabolic-energy-cost-of-workers-in-agriculture-construction-manufacturing-tourism-and-transportation-industries
#18
Konstantina P Poulianiti, George Havenith, Andreas D Flouris
The assessment of energy cost (EC) at the workplace remains a key topic in occupational health due to the ever-increasing prevalence of work-related issues. This review provides a detailed list of EC estimations in jobs/tasks included in tourism, agriculture, construction, manufacturing, and transportation industries. A total of 61 studies evaluated the EC of 1667 workers while performing a large number of tasks related to each one of the aforementioned five industries. Agriculture includes the most energy-demanding jobs (males: 6...
July 28, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055676/covert-incivility-challenges-as-a-challenge-in-the-nursing-academic-workplace
#19
Rosanna F DeMarco, Jacqueline Fawcett, Julianne Mazzawi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to present a Neuman Systems Model-guided discussion of current knowledge associated with covert incivility in the nursing academic workplace. ORGANIZING STRUCTURE: The Neuman Systems Model provides a multiple discipline, systems perspective of the stressor covert incivility and levels of prevention interventions to counter it. FINDINGS: Covert incivility is defined as a stressor that affects individual, group, community, and social systems' intrapersonal, interpersonal, and extrapersonal levels of function...
July 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30055604/improving-patient-safety-by-enhancing-raising-concerns-at-medical-school
#20
Luke Johnson, Natasha Malik, Irene Gafson, Naomi Gostelow, Jayne Kavanagh, Ann Griffin, Faye Gishen
BACKGROUND: Doctors and medical students have a professional responsibility to raise concerns. Failure to raise concerns may compromise patient safety. It is widely known that medical students frequently encounter unprofessional behaviours in the workplace, but little is known about the barriers to raising concerns amongst medical students. This paper explores these issues and discusses some innovations in the medical undergraduate curriculum, offering a good practice model for other medical and healthcare curricula...
July 28, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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