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Workplace Wellness

Claire Hutchinson, Jennifer Tieman, Kim Devery
Background: The study aimed to determine the effectiveness of an action-orientated toolkit in supporting behaviour change in relation to quality end-of-life care in acute hospital settings. The toolkit was developed to complement a programme of online end-of-life care education. Methods: A toolkit was developed from an international review of peer-reviewed literature on end of life. Toolkits were distributed (n=428) to Australian healthcare professionals over a 4-week period...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
Mark Deady, David Johnston, David Milne, Nick Glozier, Dorian Peters, Rafael Calvo, Samuel Harvey
BACKGROUND: The workplace represents a unique setting for mental health interventions. Due to range of job-related factors, employees in male-dominated industries are at an elevated risk. However, these at-risk groups are often overlooked. HeadGear is a smartphone app-based intervention designed to reduce depressive symptoms and increase well-being in these populations. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the development and pilot testing of the app's usability, acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary effectiveness...
December 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Robert Wilton, Joshua Evans
BACKGROUND: Many people living with mental illness want paid work, but finding and maintaining mainstream employment remains challenging. In recent decades, social enterprises have emerged as one alternative site for paid employment. Existing research has examined the experiences of people with mental illness working in social enterprises, but less is known about the organizational character of these workplaces. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to develop a better understanding of social enterprises as organizational contexts for workers with mental illness...
November 26, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Veronica Sciannameo, Angela Carta, Angelo d'Errico, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Francesca Fasanelli, Cecilia Arici, Milena Maule, Paolo Carnà, Paolo Destefanis, Luigi Rolle, Paolo Gontero, Giovanni Casetta, Andrea Zitella, Giuseppina Cucchiarale, Paolo Vineis, Stefano Porru, Carlotta Sacerdote, Fulvio Ricceri
PURPOSE: The main risk factor for bladder cancer (BC) is cigarette smoking, but also occupational exposure to carcinogens is relevant, causing about 4-10% of BC. We aimed at investigating the association between BC risk, occupations held in the past and exposure to occupational carcinogens, also assessing whether these associations were influenced by tumour grade. METHODS: We pooled data from two Italian case-control studies on male BC, analyzing 893 cases and 978 controls...
November 30, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Emily Stiehl, Nkenge H Jones-Jack, Sherry Baron, Naoko Muramatsu
Job categories shape the contexts that contribute to worker well-being, including their health, connectivity, and engagement. Using data from the 2014 Gallup Daily tracking survey, this study documented the distribution of worker well-being across 11 broad job categories among a national sample of employed adults in the United States. Well-being was measured by Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being 5™, a composite measure of five well-being dimensions (purpose, community, physical, financial, and social). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to examine how well-being varied across job categories and the extent to which household income modified that relationship, controlling for demographic factors...
March 2019: Preventive Medicine Reports
Christine M Rachwal, Thorsten Langer, Bethany P Trainor, Mary Anne Bell, David M Browning, Elaine C Meyer
BACKGROUND: Cultivating a healthy work environment and upholding patient safety are important priorities in health care. Challenges in workplace communication are common and affect staff well-being and patient outcomes. Previous interventions have focused on organizational issues and work-life balance. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of monthly interdisciplinary educational rounds that support clinicians' ability to navigate workplace clinical and communication challenges while promoting interprofessional teamwork and self-care...
December 2018: Critical Care Nurse
Stanisław B Nowak, Andrzej Jopkiewicz, Paweł Tomaszewski
The maximum rate of O2 uptake (V̇O2 max) is one of the most important positive indicators of health. While the V̇O2 max decreases with age, reducing the capacity for physical effort, it can be considerably upregulated through optimal environmental interventions, including systematic physical activity. This study seeks to determine variations in the cardiorespiratory function, estimated from the level of V̇O2 max, in 798 employed men aged 20-59, according to biological (age, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), and limb muscle strength and agility) and social (place of residence, education, occupation, economic status, and smoking) predictors...
November 30, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Daniel Almirall, Susan Murphy, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Michael Kovalcik, Timothy Pituch, Haitham Maaieh, Victor Strecher
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) apps provide an opportunity for easy, just-in-time access to health promotion and self-management support. However, poor user engagement with these apps remains a significant unresolved challenge. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of sending versus not sending a push notification containing a contextually tailored health message on proximal engagement, measured here as self-monitoring via the app. Secondary aims were to examine whether this effect varies by the number of weeks enrolled in the program or by weekday versus weekend...
November 29, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Stella S Tang, Jolene R Bostwick, Trisha Wells, Shawna Kraft
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of women pharmacists has been rapidly increasing for many years, from 43.3% of licensed pharmacists in 2000 to 52.7% in 2014. Yet women may be less likely to consider certain positions in pharmacy due to concerns of balancing work and motherhood responsibilities. The terms "motherhood penalty" and "baby penalty" have been used to describe the consequences of child-bearing responsibilities on the careers of women, including academic pharmacy...
September 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Rebecca M Brossoit, Tori L Crain, Jordyn J Leslie, Leslie B Hammer, Donald M Truxillo, Todd E Bodner
Healthy employee sleep is important for occupational safety, but the mechanisms that explain the relationships among sleep and safety-related behaviors remain unknown. We draw from Crain, Brossoit, and Fisher's (in press) work, nonwork, and sleep (WNS) framework and Barnes' (2012) model of sleep and self-regulation in organizations to investigate the influence of construction workers' self-reported sleep quantity (i.e., duration) and quality (i.e., feeling well-rest upon awakening, ability to fall asleep and remain asleep) on workplace cognitive failures (i...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Christine A Sprigg, Karen Niven, Jeremy Dawson, Samuel Farley, Christopher J Armitage
This article aims to (a) explore the impact of witnessing workplace bullying on emotional exhaustion, work-related anxiety, and work-related depression and (b) determine whether the resources of trait optimism, coworker support, and supportive supervisory style buffer the effects of witnessed bullying. In a two-wave study involving 194 employees, we found that witnessing bullying undermined employees' well-being (work-related depression and anxiety) 6 months later, but only if the employees were low in optimism (personal resource) and lacked supervisor support (contextual resource)...
November 29, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
L Thomson, M Stanyon, T Dening, R Heron, A Griffiths
Background: The experience of developing dementia while in employment has been explored from the point of view of the employee, but less is known about the perspectives, experiences and needs of employers. Aims: To review systematically literature about the management of employees who develop dementia whilst in employment. Methods: Databases searched included MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, BNI, ABI Inform, ISI Web of Science, Open Grey and dementia journals database; 44 documents were identified for inclusion in the review: 22 journal papers, one PhD thesis and 21 articles, reports and webpages from the grey literature...
November 27, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Luke Wolfenden, Sharni Goldman, Fiona G Stacey, Alice Grady, Melanie Kingsland, Christopher M Williams, John Wiggers, Andrew Milat, Chris Rissel, Adrian Bauman, Margaret M Farrell, France Légaré, Ali Ben Charif, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, Rebecca K Hodder, Jannah Jones, Debbie Booth, Benjamin Parmenter, Tim Regan, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Given the substantial period of time adults spend in their workplaces each day, these provide an opportune setting for interventions addressing modifiable behavioural risk factors for chronic disease. Previous reviews of trials of workplace-based interventions suggest they can be effective in modifying a range of risk factors including diet, physical activity, obesity, risky alcohol use and tobacco use. However, such interventions are often poorly implemented in workplaces, limiting their impact on employee health...
November 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hugo Coutinho, Cristina Queirós, Ana Henriques, Pedro Norton, Elisabete Alves
BACKGROUND: Understanding which factors influence occupational safety and health risks is crucial to promote psychosocial risk management. OBJECTIVE: To assess the main work-related determinants of high exposure to psychosocial risk factors among Portuguese employees in the hospital setting. METHODS: Between May and July 2014, 399 employees of a public hospital completed a structured questionnaire. Psychosocial factors were assessed by the Portuguese medium length version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
November 22, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rebecca E Gewurtz, Stephanie Premji, D Linn Holness
BACKGROUND: A minority of workers with work-related injuries experience challenges returning to work. While factors that hinder return-to-work (RTW) are well-documented, the consequences of failing to successfully return to work on the lives of workers who have experienced a workplace injury remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the experiences of workers who do not successfully return to work following a work-related injury...
November 23, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Darcelle Schouw, Robert Mash, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander
BACKGROUND: The workplace is an important setting for the prevention of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Policies for transformation of the workplace environment for occupational health and safety in South Africa have focused more on what to do and less on how to do it. There are no guidelines and little evidence on workplace-based interventions for NCDs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to learn how to transform the workplace environment in order to prevent and control cardio-metabolic risk factors for NCDs amongst the workforce at a commercial power plant in Cape Town, South Africa...
2018: Global Health Action
Teodoro Dannemann, Boris Sotomayor-Gómez, Horacio Samaniego
While segregation is usually evaluated at the residential level, the recent influx of large streams of data describing urbanites' movement across the city allows to generate detailed descriptions of spatio-temporal segregation patterns across the activity space of individuals. For instance, segregation across the activity space is usually thought to be lower compared with residential segregation given the importance of social complementarity, among other factors, shaping the economies of cities. However, these new dynamic approaches to segregation convey important methodological challenges...
October 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Brenda Bursch, Natacha D Emerson, Armen C Arevian, Hilary Aralis, Lee Galuska, Jessica Bushman, Maegan Sinclair, Karen Grimley, Patricia Lester, Yonca Bulut
PURPOSE: The primary goal of this study was to test the feasibility of an educational online self-assessment of burnout, resilience, trauma, depression, anxiety, and common workplace stressors among nurses working in a pediatric intensive care unit or neonatal intensive care unit setting. The secondary, exploratory objectives were to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms in this sample and to identify those variables that most strongly predict burnout. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data from optional and anonymous online measures were analyzed for 115 nurses (67...
November 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Sietske J Tamminga, Anna M Braspenning, Anna Haste, Linda Sharp, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
Purpose Implementation of return to work (RTW) programs for cancer survivors has proved to be challenging. The purpose of our study was to gather experiences about barriers to and facilitators of implementing RTW programs for cancer survivors in four European countries. Methods Separate multidisciplinary focus groups were held in Belgium (n = 8), the Netherlands (n = 8), Ireland (n = 6), and UK (n = 4) in 2017 and included among others a physician, and a representative of an employer, a cancer society, and the government...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Robin P Silverstein, Melissa VanderVos, Heather Welch, Alex Long, Charlotte D Kaboré, Jennifer M Hootman
Arthritis occurs in 27% of adults in Montana, among whom 50% have activity limitations, 16% have social participation restrictions, and 23% have severe joint pain attributable to arthritis (1). Physical activity is beneficial in managing arthritis symptoms and in preventing other chronic diseases (2). Walk With Ease is a 6-week evidence-based physical activity program recommended by CDC to increase physical activity and help improve arthritis symptoms (3). In 2015, Walk With Ease was added to an ongoing workplace wellness program for Montana state employees; the results for five outcomes (minutes spent walking, engaging in other physical activity [including swimming, bicycling, other aerobic equipment use, and other aerobic exercise], stretching, pain, and fatigue) were analyzed by the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services and CDC...
November 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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