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Workplace Wellness

Silja Fiedler, Holger Pfaff, Katja Petrowski, Timo-Kolja Pförtner
OBJECTIVE: IT managers have received limited attention in health literacy research, although they are subject to special professional demands. The aim of this study was to evaluate a training program designed to promote health literacy among managers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with a sample of 171 industry managers from one IT company was conducted. Effects of classroom training on health literacy, psychological well-being, self-rated health, and cortisol awakening response were investigated using pre- (t0), post- (t1), and follow-up (t2) surveys...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Elizabeth M Bloom
Horizontal violence (HV), or nonphysical intergroup conflict expressed in overt and covert behaviors of hostility, is pervasive in nursing and has been discussed in the literature for more than two decades. It is costly and has potentially devastating effects including high nurse turnover rates, increased illness, decreased productivity, and decreased quality of patient care. Recognizing how these behaviors are established and sustained is necessary if nurses are to overcome these types of behaviors. This mixed methods study used an online survey to examine 76 hospital nurses' experiences and responses to episodes of HV as well as its effects on job performance...
October 17, 2018: Nursing Forum
Dorit Olenik-Shemesh, Tali Heiman, Noam S Keshet
During emerging adulthood, one's sense of well-being undergoes many rapid changes. Although emerging adults often present considerable energy, creativity, and hopefulness, both in higher education classrooms and workplaces, they often experience a decrease in well-being due to experience confusion, stress encounters, and difficulties in transitioning to adulthood. The authors examined four noteworthy key socioemotional factors that may be linked to emerging adults' sense of well-being: career aspiration, self-esteem, body esteem, and gender...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Genetic Psychology
Pauline M Genin, Pascal Dessenne, Julien Finaud, Bruno Pereira, Frederic Dutheil, David Thivel, Martine Duclos
Objective: While public health strategies are developed to fight sedentary behaviors and promote physical activity, some professional activities, and especially tertiary ones, have been pointed out for their highly sedentary nature. Although workplace physical activity programs are increasingly proposed by companies to their employees in order to increase their physical activity levels, sitting and screen time remain extremely high. The main aim of this work was to compare health indicators between active and inactive tertiary employees with similar high levels of sedentariness...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Mojgan Firouzbakht, Aram Tirgar, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Sharif Nia, Tuula Oksanen, Anne Kouvnen, Mohammad Esmaeil Riahi
BACKGROUND: The workplace social capital is one of the important features of clinical work environment that improves the productivity and quality of services and safety through trust and social participation. Evaluation of workplace social capital requires a valid and reliable scale. The short-form workplace social capital questionnaire developed by Kouvonen has long been used to evaluate the workplace social capital. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the questionnaire among a group of female Iranian health care workers...
October 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Lisa A Marchiondo, Benjamin Biermeier-Hanson, Daniel R Krenn, Dana Kabat-Farr
Target meaning-making of incivility (i.e., the ways targets assess uncivil events) has received attention as an important mediating mechanism in explaining the varied outcomes of incivility. The present study draws on person-environment (PE) fit theory, as well as the similarity-attraction paradigm and repulsion hypothesis, to uncover how perceived personality (dis)similarity affects both cognitive (i.e., attribution, negative appraisal) and emotional reactions (i.e., hostility) to incivility. Specifically, we examine whether incongruence between target personality and perceived perpetrator personality worsens target meaning-making (vice versa for personality congruence)...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Psychology
Brent M DeVetter, Bruce E Bernacki, Kyle J Alvine
Technologies for directing daylight deeper within a building space are highly sought after for energy efficiency applications in order to offset artificial lighting costs and to improve workplace productivity via the use of natural light. Vertical window coatings that can perform this task by redistributing sunlight deeper into a space are especially attractive as they are significantly more straightforward to incorporate into a wide variety of architectures as well as to retrofit into existing facades as compared to roof-based skylights or bulky horizontal daylight shelf-type options...
October 15, 2018: Optics Letters
Marci Resnicoff, Kell Julliard
Nurses and nursing assistants working at night on an inpatient unit are under signicant stress. Because mindfulness reduces stress and enhances workplace life, this qualitative study explored night shift staff attitudes toward brief group mindfulness practice. For 8 months, 3 times a week, the staff was called together at the nursing station around midnight and led through 2 to 5 minutes of guided mindfulness meditation. Six months after these groups ended, perceptions of this experience were gathered from 5 nurses and 5 nursing assistants via interviews and open-ended questionnaires...
November 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Berit Lindahl, Sue Kirk
AIM: To analyse and synthesise the research that has investigated the experience of home in relation to home mechanical ventilation (HMV). METHOD: Systematic integrative review. Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and ISI Web of Knowledge) were searched between January 2010 and April 2017 as well as reference lists of included studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies meeting the inclusion criteria were critically appraised. Study findings were inductively analysed and synthesised using the integrative approach...
October 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Michelle Van Laethem, Annelies E M van Vianen, Daantje Derks
Today's work environment is shaped by the electronic age. Smartphones are important tools that allow employees to work anywhere and anytime. The aim of this diary study was to examine daily smartphone use after and during work and their association with psychological detachment (in the home domain) and work engagement (in the work domain), respectively. We explored whether workplace telepressure, which is a strong urge to respond to work-related messages and a preoccupation with quick response times, promotes smartphone use...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Won Ju Hwang, Oi Saeng Hong, Dae Ryong Kang
The Effort Reward Imbalance tool is a measure of psychosocial work characteristics used to identify work-related stress. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the effort-reward imbalance-short form (ERI-SF) in industrial workers. The Korean version of ERI-SF was tested among 250 blue-collar workers. The reliability, content validity, and construct validity with confirmatory factor analysis, as well as interaction terms were analyzed. Reliability assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficients were satisfactory for all three subscales: effort 0...
October 13, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
Samantha K Stephens, Elizabeth G Eakin, Bronwyn K Clark, Elisabeth A H Winkler, Neville Owen, Anthony D LaMontagne, Marj Moodie, Sheleigh P Lawler, David W Dunstan, Genevieve N Healy
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of sitting at work have been identified as an emerging occupational health risk, and findings from intervention trials have been reported. However, few such reports have examined participant-selected strategies and their relationships with behaviour change. METHODS: The Stand Up Victoria cluster-randomised controlled trial was a workplace-delivered intervention comprising organisational, environmental and individual level behaviour change strategies aimed at reducing sitting time in desk-based workers...
October 12, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Alisha McGregor, Fred Ashbury, Peter Caputi, Donald Iverson
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the health and work-environment factors that are associated with presenteeism. METHOD: A self-report survey which measured presenteeism, 13 health conditions (e.g., stress and allergies) and nine work-environment factors (e.g., job strain and leadership) was completed by 229 workers. RESULTS: The most common health condition was stress, while the most common work-environment factor was job strain. Allergies, asthma and high blood pressure along with work-life imbalance, poor leadership and a lack of development opportunities were associated with presenteeism...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Agnieszka Bukowska-Damska, Elzbieta Skowronska-Jozwiak, Beata Peplonska
Osteoporosis is an important public health problem worldwide. Among the countries with a very high population risk of fractures, there are those with the highest level of economic development. Osteoporotic fractures are the main cause of disability among elderly people, and the resultant disabilities require particularly large financial support associated not only with the direct treatment of the fracture but also with the necessity for long-term rehabilitation and care for the disabled person. Many well-established factors can have impact on bone mass and fracture risk...
October 12, 2018: Chronobiology International
Awrajaw Dessie, Fentahun Adane, Ansha Nega, Sintayehu Daba Wami, Daniel Haile Chercos
Background: Globally, computer is one of the common office tools used in various institutions. Using computer for prolonged time led to the users at greater health risk of computer vision syndrome (CVS). Computer vision syndrome is the leading occupational health problem of the twenty-first century. About 70 percent of computer users are suffered from CVS. Besides the health problems, CVS causes inefficiency at workplace and deteriorate quality of work. The problem of CVS and its risk factors are not well known in Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Sivakami Rethnam Haug, Mihaela Cuida Marthinussen
AIMS: To investigate whether acute dental pain due to pulpal or periapical inflammation is associated with increased expression of cortisol and inflammatory markers and mediators in the saliva, as well as changes in salivary flow rate. METHODS: Patients experiencing pain (n = 42) were recruited when seeking emergency dental treatment. A 0 to 10 numeric rating scale (NRS) was used as a measure of the severity of pain, and the number of days with pain sensation was also recorded...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Lucy B Spalluto, Elizabeth Kagan Arleo, Madelene C Lewis, M Elizabeth Oates, Katarzyna J Macura
Women are, and have always been, underrepresented in radiology. This gender disparity must be addressed. Women bring a different perspective to the workplace; and their collaborative, empathetic, and compassionate approach to patient care and education is an asset that the radiology community should embrace and leverage. Radiologic organizations should focus on removing barriers to the entry of women physicians into radiology as a specialty and to their career advancement. Organizations should address bias, promote physician well-being, and cultivate a safe and positive work environment...
October 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Michael D C Fishman, Tejas S Mehta, Bettina Siewert, Claire E Bender, Jonathan B Kruskal
Physician wellness is recognized as a critical component of enhancing the quality of health care. An epidemic of symptoms related to stress and burnout among medical professionals, including radiologists, in the workplace is threatening not only health care providers at a personal level but also the entire health care system. In this review, the authors highlight recognized stressors in the contemporary radiology workplace and offer practical suggestions for mitigating burnout, improving professional engagement, and promoting wellness...
October 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Adrienne Lapidos, Jennie Jester, Monica Ortquist, Pamela Werner, Mary C Ruffolo, Matthew Smith
As the certified peer support specialist (CPSS) workforce matures, their roles evolve, leading to gaps in knowledge about their activities. This study aimed to address these gaps through a survey on CPSS activities, self-rated skills, job satisfaction, and financial well-being. The project team recruited a community advisory board of CPSSs to lead survey development. A survey link was e-mailed to all known CPSSs in the state of Michigan (N=1,128), yielding 394 respondents (35% response rate), of whom 319 were included in the analysis...
October 10, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, Catarina Canivet, Gunnar Aronsson, Johanna StengÅRd, P-O ÖStergren
AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of social embeddedness on and off the job in relation to remaining in non-desired workplaces (NDWs) and the development of mental health. METHOD: The study used questionnaire data from the Scania Public Health cohort ( N=2410) that were collected in 2000 (T1), 2005 (T2) and 2010 (T3). Logistic regression models were calculated to probe how NDWs and social embeddedness factors measured at baseline (T1) related to NDWs five years later (T2), and to investigate how NDWs and social embeddedness factors at T2 related to poor mental health at T3...
October 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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