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Voice disorder

Ana Barić, Luka Brčić, Sanda Gračan, Veselin Škrabić, Marko Brekalo, Marta Šimunac, Vesela Torlak Lovrić, Iva Anić, Maja Barbalić, Tatijana Zemunik, Ante Punda, Vesna Boraska Perica
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is the most common form of autoimmune thyroid disorders characterized by lower production of thyroid hormones and positivity to autoantibodies to thyroglobulin (TgAb) and/or thyroid peroxidase (TPOAb). We performed a comprehensive phenotypic characterization of patients with HT, with specific focus on thyroid autoimmunity, to get better understanding of disease manifestation. METHODS: We collected information on thyroid-specific phenotypes (TSH, T3, T4, fT4, TgAb, TPOAb, thyroid volume) and other clinical phenotypes (age, body surface area, number of hypothyroidism symptoms, blood pressure) from 290 patients with HT without levothyroxine (LT4) therapy with the aim to test for correlations between thyroid-specific and clinical phenotypes...
October 17, 2018: Immunological Investigations
Matthew Pugh, Glenn Waller, Mirko Esposito
Many individuals diagnosed with eating disorders describe their disorder as being represented by an internal 'voice'. In line with cognitive models of voice-hearing, previous research has identified associations between voice appraisals and eating psychopathology in anorexia nervosa. Whether these findings generalise to other eating disorder subtypes remains unknown. The aetiology of the internal eating disorder voice also remains unclear. Traumatic-dissociative models of voice-hearing, which link such experiences to decontexualised material arising from early traumatic events, might also be relevant to eating disorder groups...
October 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Shabbir Akhtar, Rahim Dhanani, Khabir Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of Urdu translated version of voice handicap index-10 to be used for assessing patients with voice-related complaints. METHODS: The case control validation study was carried out at the Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery unit of Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from August 2015 to January 2016. Group A had patients with voice-related disorders, while Group B had healthy controls. English version of voice handicap index-10 was translated into Urdu...
June 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Andrew M Vahabzadeh-Hagh, Pranati Pillutla, Zhaoyan Zhang, Dinesh K Chhetri
OBJECTIVES: Laryngeal function requires neuromuscular activation of the intrinsic laryngeal muscles (ILMs). Rapid activation of the ILMs occurs in cough, laughter, and voice-unvoiced-voiced segments in speech and singing. Abnormal activation is observed in hyperfunctional disorders such as vocal tremor and dystonia. In this study, we evaluate the dynamics of ILM contraction. STUDY/DESIGN: Basic science study in an in vivo canine model. METHODS: The following ILMs were stimulated: thyroarytenoid (TA), lateral cricoarytenoid/interarytenoid (LCA/IA), cricothyroid (CT), all laryngeal adductors (LCA/IA/TA), and the posterior cricoarytenoid (PCA)...
October 16, 2018: Laryngoscope
Sarika Hegde, Surendra Shetty, Smitha Rai, Thejaswi Dodderi
The human voice production system is an intricate biological device capable of modulating pitch and loudness. Inherent internal and/or external factors often damage the vocal folds and result in some change of voice. The consequences are reflected in body functioning and emotional standing. Hence, it is paramount to identify voice changes at an early stage and provide the patient with an opportunity to overcome any ramification and enhance their quality of life. In this line of work, automatic detection of voice disorders using machine learning techniques plays a key role, as it is proven to help ease the process of understanding the voice disorder...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Katherine L Marks, Mariah Morton, Michael M Johns, Edie R Hapner
OBJECTIVES: To establish the validity of the OMNI Vocal Effort Scale (OMNI-VES) for resistance exercise, a single-question pictorial scale, in voice-related perceived exertion. Additionally, the study aimed to assess the role of the OMNI-VES as an outcome measurement in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD). METHODS: A prospective validation study was conducted on 226 participants. The case group was comprised of 178 patients receiving botulinum toxin (BTX) injections for ADSD and 48 controls without a voice disorder...
October 12, 2018: Laryngoscope
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Elie Khalifee, Anthony Ghanem, Hisham Mansour, Edmond Yammine
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This is a retrospective study investigating the prevalence of globus pharyngeus in patients with dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: The study examined the prevalence of globus pharyngeus in patients presenting with history of dysphonia at the American University of Beirut Medical Center Voice Center was performed. The etiology of dysphonia was categorized as organic in the presence of laryngeal pathology versus functional in the absence of any laryngeal pathology on laryngeal videostroboscopic examination...
October 12, 2018: Laryngoscope
Qiubei Zhu, Amanda Hu, John Paul Giliberto, Samantha Carlson, Samantha Jensen, Ryan Tiu, Tanya K Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Vocal function is critical to employability in the modern era. Although research clearly demonstrates that a disordered voice affects quality of life, few studies have attempted to quantitate the effects of a disordered voice on work productivity. The Voice-Related Statements battery, which originally had 20 items, was previously developed to qualitatively describe how an individual's dysphonia affects his or her job performance. The aim of this study was to refine and reduce the item number and provide preliminary validation of this shortened instrument...
October 12, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Benjamin Ehrlich, Liyu Lin, Jack Jiang
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop a program to concatenate acoustic vowel segments that were selected with the moving window technique, a previously developed technique used to segment and select the least perturbed segment from a sustained vowel segment. The concatenated acoustic segments were compared with the nonconcatenated, short, individual acoustic segments for their ability to differentiate normal and pathological voices. The concatenation process sometimes created a clicking noise or beat, which was also analyzed to determine any confounding effects...
October 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Patrícia Pinho, Larissa Monteiro, Maria Francisca de Paula Soares, Lorena Tourinho, Ailton Melo, Ana Caline Nóbrega
PURPOSE: Investigate the association between levodopa therapy and vocal characteristics in Parkinson's disease patients. SEARCH STRATEGY: Studies published at MEDLINE, LILACS, and SciELO, from 1960 to December 2016. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed using the following keywords: Parkinson's disease; levodopa; L-dopa; voice; speech disorders; dysphonia; dysarthria. After analyzing titles and abstracts, two independent reviewers selected all clinical trials that met the eligibility criteria and selected the articles and the data recorded in a previously standardized table...
October 4, 2018: CoDAS
Dionysios Tafiadis, Meropi E Helidoni, Spyridon K Chronopoulos, Evangelia I Kosma, Nafsika Ziavra, George A Velegrakis
OBJECTIVE(S): The use of subjective evaluation tools are proven useful and of high clinical value in the case of voice disordered population. For that type of evaluation, self-assessment questionnaires about the severity of the voice like Voice Handicap Index-30 (VHI-30) have been developed. The VHI-30 is the most studied tool which includes psychometrically robustness while guiding physician's therapeutic decision making. Additionally, a valid abbreviated version of VHI-30 was developed for the first time in the Greek Language which is named as Greek Voice Handicap Index-10 (GVHI-10)...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Dirk-Bart den Ouden, Elena Galkina, Alexandra Basilakos, Julius Fridriksson
Background: Apraxia of Speech (AOS) has been associated with deviations in consonantal voice-onset-time (VOT), but studies of vowel acoustics have yielded conflicting results. However, a speech motor planning disorder that is not bound by phonological categories is expected to affect vowel as well as consonant articulations. Aims: We measured consonant VOTs and vowel formants produced by a large sample of stroke survivors, and assessed to what extent these variables and their dispersion are predictive of AOS presence and severity, based on a scale that uses clinical observations to rate gradient presence of AOS, aphasia, and dysarthria...
2018: Aphasiology
Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Vinícius Jefferson Dias Vieira, Silvana Luciene do Nascimento Cunha Costa, Suzete Élida Nóbrega Correia, Mara Behlau
The objective of this study was to analyze the accuracy of recurrence quantification measurements (RQMs) in discriminating between individuals with and without voice disorders. This study consisted of a total of 541 recorded voice samples from normal and dysphonic subjects. All subjects recorded a sustained vowel /Ɛ/ and underwent a laryngoscopic examination of the larynx. Twelve RQMs and three parameters related to the topology of the phonatory system were extracted from the samples, for a total of 15 measures...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Adriana Chou, Colin Schrof, Evan Polce, Maia Braden, James McMurray, Jack Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare nondysphonic adult and pediatric voices using linear and nonlinear acoustic parameters and to evaluate the ability of adult spectrum convergence ratio (SCR) and rate of divergence (ROD) reference values to correctly identify a pediatric voice type as periodic or aperiodic. METHODS: Twenty adult and 36 pediatric nondysphonic voice samples were collected and analyzed using linear and nonlinear acoustic parameters...
October 7, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Louise Stephanie, Rossell Susan L, Toh Wei Lin, Scott Monique, Thomas Neil
Mindfulness-based interventions show promise in the treatment of psychotic symptoms. From a theoretical perspective, there may be several benefits of mindfulness for individuals who experience hearing voices. Related cross-sectional findings suggest mindfulness may protect against distress, disruption, negative beliefs, dysfunctional relational style and responding, and mood symptoms for individuals who hear voices. To extend on previous findings, this study aimed to identify whether mindful relating to voices predicted voice-related negative impacts (distress, disruption and resistance), when the influence of voice-topography and mood symptoms were controlled for...
September 11, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Yuko Yoshimura, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Tetsu Hirosawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Toshio Munesue, Hirotaka Kosaka, Haruhiro Hiagashida, Yoshio Minabe
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental conditions with impairments in social communication and interaction. Empathy is the ability to understand and share another person's inner life, and it is an essential process in social cognition, which is deficient in ASD. The mismatch field (MMF) has been used as a neurophysiological marker for the automatic detection of changes in auditory stimuli. In the present study, we focused on long-term changes in MMF evoked by an empathic voice and changes in the empathy quotient (EQ) in ASD during an 8-week clinical trial using oxytocin (OT)...
October 3, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
Ryoukichi Ikeda, Hiromitsu Miyazaki, Masahiro Morita, Daisuke Yamauchi, Tetsuaki Kawase, Yukio Katori, Toshimitsu Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: The patulous Eustachian tube (PET) and superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) have similarity in their symptoms and similar effects caused by positional changes, causing difficulty in the differentiation between the two disorders. This report describes a case of both SCDS and PET that was eventually successfully treated. METHODS: A 68-year-old man presented with hyperacusis to his own footsteps and gait disturbance. He had been diagnosed as PET two years before and had been treated by insertion of a silicone plug (Kobayashi plug) at the other hospital...
October 1, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Kathryn Hamlyn, Katie Welldon, Benjamin Clark, Willem van Steenbrugge, Sarosh Kapadia
BACKGROUND: Auditory processing (AP) is commonly regarded as the perceptual processing of auditory information in the central nervous system. However, the degree to which higher level cognitive processes are involved in AP or its disorders is contentious. Furthermore, there is little evidence regarding the effects of nonauditory cognitive processes on the various tests of AP in common clinical usage and thus on clinical diagnoses of auditory processing disorder. PURPOSE: To determine the effects of increased cognitive demand, generated by using a dual-task paradigm, on performance on different AP tests and types of AP tests in common clinical usage...
October 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Shuo Zhao, Shota Uono, Sayaka Yoshimura, Motomi Toichi
The present study aimed to determine whether the impairments in joint attention observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in clinical studies were influenced by self-relevant processing. To investigate this possibility, participants were trained to associate two cues (a female face and male face) with distinct words ("self" and "other"). The ASD and typically developing (TD) groups both demonstrated a significant self-relevant effect, responding more quickly to self-pairs than to other pairs...
October 1, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Lorraine Ramig, Angela Halpern, Jennifer Spielman, Cynthia Fox, Katherine Freeman
BACKGROUND: As many as 89% of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) develop speech disorders. OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial evaluated two speech treatments for PD matched in intensive dosage and high-effort mode of delivery, differing in subsystem target: voice (respiratory-laryngeal) versus articulation (orofacial-articulatory). METHODS: PD participants were randomized to 1-month LSVT LOUD (voice), LSVT ARTIC (articulation), or UNTXPD (untreated) groups...
September 28, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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