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Voice disorder

Inn-Chul Nam, Sang-Yeon Kim, Young-Hoon Joo, Young-Hak Park, Mi-Ran Shim, Yeon-Shin Hwang, Dong-Il Sun
OBJECTIVES: Lip trills are widely used as a voice warm-up technique among singers. However, little is known about the effects of lip trills in cases of voice disorders. We examined the therapeutic effects of lip trills in patients with glottal gap. METHODS: Patients with glottal gap were classified into three groups according to the type of gap: gap-only, gap with muscle tension dysphonia (MTD), and a sulcus vocalis group. Patients underwent perceptual, acoustic/aerodynamic analyses, stroboscopic evaluations, and subjective analyses using a questionnaire before and after lip trills...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Sofie Ravall, Susanna Simberg
OBJECTIVES: Singers have reported higher prevalence of vocally harmful behaviors, vocal symptoms, and voice disorders than nonsingers have. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of voice disorders among choir singers and to discover the risk factors associated with voice disorders. Another purpose was to explore the choir singers' knowledge about the anatomy and physiology of the voice, and voice ergonomics. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen adult choir singers, 65% women, and 35% men, completed a web-questionnaire...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Amanda Hu, Al Hillel, Wei Zhao, Tanya Meyer
Objective/Hypothesis: Experts used to believe that spasmodic dysphonia (SD) was a psychogenic disorder. Although SD is now established as a neurological disorder, the rates of co-morbid anxiety and depression range from 7.1% to 62%. Our objective was to study the prevalence and risk factors associated with these mood disorders in SD patients. Study design: Retrospective. Methods: SD patients who presented for botulinum toxin injections were recruited...
June 2018: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Noelia Cartón-Corona, Gabriela Vasile, Patricia García-Cabo, Laura Fernández-Vañes, José Luis Llorente-Pendás
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Perceptual rating of overall voice quality and other more specific perceptual dimensions is difficult, as such judgments depend on the listener's subjectivity. Thus, finding objective, valid, and accessible clinical measures to include in comprehensive voice evaluation protocols is a priority. The purposes of this study were to 1) determine the diagnostic accuracy of a single acoustic measure, smoothed cepstral peak prominence (CPPS), to predict voice disorder status from sustained vowels and connected speech samples using the software Praat; 2) to determine the relationship between measures of CPPS and perceptual ratings of vocal quality; and 3) describe the normative values of CPPS...
August 7, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Séverine Lannoy, Fabien D'Hondt, Valérie Dormal, Marine Blanco, Mélanie Brion, Joël Billieux, Salvatore Campanella, Pierre Maurage
Emotional crossmodal integration (i.e., multisensorial decoding of emotions) is a crucial process that ensures adaptive social behaviors and responses to the environment. Recent evidence suggests that in binge drinking-an excessive alcohol consumption pattern associated with psychological and cerebral deficits-crossmodal integration is preserved at the behavioral level. Although some studies have suggested brain modifications during affective processing in binge drinking, nothing is known about the cerebral correlates of crossmodal integration...
August 9, 2018: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
Laishyang Melody Ouyoung, Brenda Capobres Villegas, Changxing Liu, Guy Talmor, Uttam K Sinha
Background: Menstruation-related hormonal alteration can be detrimental to the professional singing voice of women. Resonance Voice Therapy (RVT) has been proven to improve vocal production. However, no research to date has been conducted examining the subjective, acoustic, and stroboscopic effects of RVT on professional female singers having premenstrual or postmenopausal voice disorders. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the vocal effects of RVT with a control cervical-thoracic intervention in healthy female singers during the premenstrual phase as well as in postmenopausal singers and to evaluate which intervention will allow singers to improve vocal performance regardless of changes in hormonal status...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Ear, Nose and Throat
Tom Karlsen, Lorentz Sandvik, John-Helge Heimdal, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
OBJECTIVES: Patients with voice-related disorders are ideally treated by a multidisciplinary team. Acoustic voice analysis and patient-reported outcome measures are recommended parts of the clinical assessment. The present paper aims at further documenting the importance of acoustic voice analyses, maximum phonation time (MPT) and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) into clinical investigations. STUDY DESIGN: The participants (N = 80 larynx cancer, N = 32 recurrent palsy, N = 23 dysfunctional, N = 75 degenerative/inflammation (N = 19 various excluded)) were included consecutively at the outpatient laryngology clinic at Haukeland University Hospital...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Philipp Aichinger, Jean Schoentgen
OBJECTIVES: Diplophonia is a common symptom of voice disorder that is in need of objectification. We investigated whether diplophonia can be detected from audio recordings of text readings by means of dedicated audio signal processing, ie, a descendant of a formerly published "Diplophonia Diagram." STUDY DESIGN: Diagnostic study. METHODS: Forty subjects were included who had been clinically rated in the past as diplophonic. For each subject, the audio signal of the German standard text "Der Nordwind und die Sonne" was recorded...
August 5, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Roshini Chandroo, Iva Strnadová, Therese M Cumming
BACKGROUND: Students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) typically struggle with post-school employment, post-secondary education, and independent living outcomes. This may be due to their limited input on the goals that are set for their future during the transition planning process. AIM: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the extent of involvement of students in their IEP transition planning meetings in published research on the topic to date...
August 4, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Shaheen N Awan, Jackie L Gartner-Schmidt, Lauren K Timmons, Amanda I Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: This study reports on experiments designed to examine the effects of a variably occluded face mask (VOFM) on (a) estimated subglottal pressure (Psub ) in normophonic participants and (b) aerodynamic and acoustic characteristics of voice in dysphonic participants. DESIGN: A prospective design was used for experiment 1, and a prospective, randomized cohort design was used for experiment 2. METHODS: The outlet ports of disposable anesthesia face masks were fitted with plastic caps with variable diameter drilled openings (9...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Maura Cosseddu, Stefano Gazzina, Barbara Borroni, Alessandro Padovani, Guido Gainotti
OBJECTIVE: Familiar face recognition disorders are often observed in patients with lesions of the right anterior temporal lobe (ATL). It is not clear, however, if this defect must be considered as a form of associative prosopagnosia, or as a multimodal (face and voice) people recognition disorder, because voice recognition is rarely examined in these patients. The most appropriate manner of solving this problem could consist in evaluating, in one or more patients with right ATL lesions, recognition disorders through face and voice of the same well known people...
August 6, 2018: Neuropsychology
Geun-Hyo Kim, Yeon-Woo Lee, In-Ho Bae, Hee-June Park, Soo-Geun Wang, Soon-Bok Kwon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the concurrent validity of the Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) in a Korean population. We investigated the feasibility of its cutoff values and diagnostic accuracy in discriminating between normal and dysphonic voices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,524 native Korean subjects with normal voices (n = 113) and with voice disorders (n = 1,411) were asked to speak and sustain the vowel "a" and to read the Korean text "Walk" aloud...
July 31, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Fatma Dursun, Serdar Ceylaner
Aromatase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which affected patients cannot have a normal estrogen synthesis. Herein, we report a 46, XX patient born with virilised external genitalia. A novel homozygous mutation in the CYP19A1 gene, causing aromatase deficiency, was detected. A 30-day infant was referred to pediatric endocrinology because of a uterus, detected in an ultrasonography examination. He was born at 23th gestational week with C-section because of preeclampsia and premature membrane rupture...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
M Sandra Paniagua, Carlos J Pérez, Fernando Calle-Alonso, Carmen Salazar
INTRODUCTION: Professional activities of university lecturers involve continued and sustained use of the voice, leading in many cases to increased risk of developing voice disorders. Risk identification followed by the fast application of preventive or corrective measures is a key issue in this context. OBJECTIVE: Define and implement a preventive program for the vocal health of university lecturers by using acoustic features automatically extracted from voice recordings to identify risk groups and manage preventive or corrective actions MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 170 subjects, aged between 18 and 65, were recruited at the San Pedro de Alcántara Hospital and at the University of Extremadura in Cáceres (Spain)...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Supraja Anand, Lisa M Kopf, Rahul Shrivastav, David A Eddins
BACKGROUND: A limited number of experiments have investigated the perception of strain compared to the voice qualities of breathiness and roughness despite its widespread occurrence in patients who have hyperfunctional voice disorders, adductor spasmodic dysphonia, and vocal fold paralysis among others. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the perceptual basis of strain through identification and exploration of acoustic and psychoacoustic measures...
July 28, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Xiaojun Zhang, Lingling Gu, Wei Wei, Di Wu, Zhi Tao, Heming Zhao
Voice production occurs through vocal cord and vibration coupled to glottal airflow. Vocal cord lesions affect the vocal system and lead to voice disorders. In this paper, a pathological voice source analysis system is designed. This study integrates nonlinear dynamics with an optimized asymmetric two-mass model to explore nonlinear characteristics of vocal cord vibration, and changes in acoustic parameters, such as fundamental frequency, caused by distinct subglottal pressure and varying degrees of vocal cord paralysis are analyzed...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
Marina Gilman, Carissa Maira, Edie R Hapner
OBJECTIVE: Aerodynamic measures of voice have historically been acquired using sustained phonation tasks. This study seeks to determine whether there are differences in airflow during sustained phonation (MFs), in running speech (MFrs), or during phonation in running speech (MFvrs). We also seek to determine whether these patterns are diagnostically significant. METHODS: Data were collected on 40 subjects (15 men, 25 women), ages 20-79, with a mean age of 53 in this prospective study...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Saeid Mahmoudian, Nasim Aminrasouli, Zohreh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Thomas Lenarz, Mohammad Farhadi
OBJECTIVE: Crying is a multimodal, dynamic behavior and the first way to communicate. Early identification of hearing impairment is critical for prevention of speech and language disorders. The present study aimed to assess the acoustic features of infant's cry signals to find possible differences between two groups including hearing-impaired (HI) infants and normal hearing (NH) control. METHODS: The data were collected from 34 (17 HI, 17 NH) infants under 2 months of age...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Kathy Thiemann-Bourque, Sarah Feldmiller, Lesa Hoffman, Stacy Johner
Purpose: This study examined the effects of incorporating a peer-mediated approach into a speech-generating device (SGD) intervention on communication of 45 nonverbal and minimally verbal preschoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 95 peers without disabilities. The SGD was an iPad 2 (Apple) with voice output app. Method: Effects were evaluated using a multivariate randomized control trial design with repeated measures for 4 cohorts across baseline, intervention, generalization, and maintenance phases...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Surbhi Gupta, Andrea Caskey, Neelkamal Soares, Marilyn Augustyn
Sam is a 6-year-old boy with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who recently relocated and has an appointment with you, his new pediatric clinician, to establish care. He was previously followed by a psychiatrist for 2 years for additional diagnoses of insomnia, bipolar disorder, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and intellectual disability. He has tried and (apparently) failed multiple psychotropic trials including stimulants, nonstimulants, mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotics, and nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics...
July 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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