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Chronic cough infants

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30024538/fatal-pulmonary-infection-with-respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-an-immunocompromised-adult-patient-a-case-report
#1
Qi Wang, Wei Li, Danhua Qu, Tong Xin, Peng Gao
RATIONALE: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a single-stranded negative-sense RNA virus that belongs to the family of paramyxoviruses. RSV is the most common pathogen that causes acute lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children. However, its incidence in immunocompromised adults remains unclear. In the present study, we report an adult patient with chronic nephropathy, who received long-term immunosuppressants and died of rapid respiratory failure due to RSV infection...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29996188/-correlation-between-severity-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-cough-and-degree-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#2
S P Tang, Y L Liu, H Gao, L Dong, D R Lin, S Chen, D Y Zhang, L L Zhang, J Pan
Objective: To explore the correlation between the severity of gastroesophageal reflux cough and degree of gastroesophageal reflux. Methods: A cross-sectional investigation was carried out. Data of 174 cases of chronic cough were collected in Children's Hospital of Fuzhou from March 2009 to December 2016. The esophageal 24 hours pH value dynamic monitoring was used to detect gastric acid reflux index. Cases with abnomal results were divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to severity of reflux and that of day and night cough symptoms, respectively...
July 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696497/cerebellar-ataxia-neuropathy-vestibular-areflexia-syndrome-canvas-with-chronic-cough-and-preserved-muscle-stretch-reflexes-evidence-for-selective-sparing-of-afferent-ia-fibres
#3
Jon Infante, Antonio García, Karla M Serrano-Cárdenas, Rocío González-Aguado, José Gazulla, Enrique M de Lucas, José Berciano
The aim of this study was to describe five patients with cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS) with chronic cough and preserved limb muscle stretch reflexes. All five patients were in the seventh decade of age, their gait imbalance having been initiated in the fifth decade. In four patients cough antedated gait imbalance between 15 and 29 years; cough was spasmodic and triggered by variable factors. Established clinical picture included severe hypopallesthesia predominating in the lower limbs with postural imbalance, and variable degree of cerebellar axial and appendicular ataxia, dysarthria and horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus...
June 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600046/bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-microbiota-dysbiosis-in-infants-with-protracted-bacterial-bronchitis
#4
Yanmin Bao, Yinhu Li, Chuangzhao Qiu, Wenjian Wang, Zhenyu Yang, Lu Huang, Xin Feng, Yanhong Liu, Jing Li, Qian Zhou, Heping Wang, Dongfang Li, Hongmei Wang, Wenkui Dai, Yuejie Zheng
Background: Protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB) is a chronic purulent bronchitis which could cause recurrent coughing and wheezing in infants. Based on previous reports, main pathogens which caused PBB were identified in the patients, but their impacts on lung microbiota dysbiosis remain unclear. Methods: In this study, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected from PBB infants and tracheomalacia (TM) infants younger than 3 years old under the instruction of Shenzhen Children's Hospital, and 12 samples were randomly selected for 16S rDNA analysis in each group...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577759/-seroprevalence-of-bordetella-pertussis-antibodies-in-adults-in-hungary-results-of-an-epidemiological-cross-sectional-study
#5
Péter Torzsa, Devadiga Raghavendra, Monica Tafalla
INTRODUCTION: Pertussis (whooping cough) is an acute respiratory tract infection caused by Bordetella pertussis that is characterized by a chronic, severe cough. The optimum immunization schedule for pertussis is unclear, so these vary by countries. AIM: To estimate the seroprevalence of pertussis in adults in Hungary. METHOD: Serum anti-pertussis toxin immunoglobulin G (anti-PT IgG) antibody levels were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in adults in general practitioners' practices during one year...
April 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894478/diagnosis-of-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-summary-of-the-ers-task-force-report
#6
Claudia E Kuehni, Jane S Lucas
KEY POINTS: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disease characterised by abnormal motile ciliary function.There is no "gold standard" diagnostic test for PCD.The European Respiratory Society (ERS) Task Force Guidelines for diagnosing PCD recommend that patients should be referred for diagnostic testing if they have several of the following features: persistent wet cough; situs anomalies; congenital cardiac defects; persistent rhinitis; chronic middle ear disease with or without hearing loss; or a history, in term infants, of neonatal upper and lower respiratory symptoms or neonatal intensive care admission...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814419/chronic-cough-postacute-respiratory-illness-in-children-a-cohort-study
#7
Kerry-Ann F O'Grady, Benjamin J Drescher, Vikas Goyal, Natalie Phillips, Jason Acworth, Julie M Marchant, Anne B Chang
OBJECTIVE: Data on the aetiology of persistent cough at the transitional stage from subacute to chronic cough (>4 weeks duration) are scarce. We aimed to (1) identify the prevalence of chronic cough following acute respiratory illness (ARI) and (2) determine the diagnostic outcomes of children with chronic cough. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A paediatric emergency department (ED) in Brisbane, Australia. PATIENTS: Children aged <15 years presenting with an ARI with cough...
November 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745925/clinical-care-of-children-with-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia
#8
REVIEW
Jane S Lucas, Mikkel Christian Alanin, Samuel Collins, Amanda Harris, Helle Krogh Johansen, Kim G Nielsen, Jean Francois Papon, Phil Robinson, Woolf T Walker
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare heterogeneous disorder, usually inherited as an autosomal recessive condition but X-linked inheritance is also described. Abnormal ciliary function in childhood leads to neonatal respiratory distress in term infants, persistent wet cough, bronchiectasis, chronic rhinosinusitis, and hearing impairment; approximately 50% of patients have situs inversus. There is a paucity of evidence for treating PCD, hence consensus guidelines are predominantly influenced by knowledge from cystic fibrosis (CF)...
October 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645463/etiologies-of-chronic-cough-in-pediatric-cohorts-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#9
REVIEW
Anne B Chang, John J Oppenheimer, Miles Weinberger, Cameron C Grant, Bruce K Rubin, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: There is no published systematic review on the etiologies of chronic cough or the relationship between OSA and chronic cough in children aged ≤ 14 years. We thus undertook a systematic review based on key questions (KQs) using the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome format. The KQs follow: Among children with chronic (> 4 weeks) cough (KQ 1) are the common etiologies different from those in adults? (KQ 2) Are the common etiologies age or setting dependent, or both? (KQ 3) Is OSA a cause of chronic cough in children? METHODS: We used the CHEST Expert Cough Panel's protocol and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation framework...
September 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553418/analysis-of-the-literature-on-chronic-cough-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Marcello Bergamini, Ahmad Kantar, Renato Cutrera, Italian Pediatric Cough Interest Group
Throughout childhood, various developmental phenomena influence the cough reflex. Among these are the modifications in the anatomy and functions of the respiratory tract and the central and peripheral nervous systems. Moreover, after birth, the immunological response undergoes progressive transformations with the acquisition of immune memory processes. These conditions make infections and airway abnormalities the overwhelming cause of chronic cough in children and infants. In children, chronic cough should be treated on the basis of etiology...
2017: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#11
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
July 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462858/neuromuscular-disorders-and-chronic-ventilation
#12
REVIEW
Stamatia Alexiou, Joseph Piccione
Morbidity and mortality have decreased in patients with neuromuscular disease due to implementation of therapies to augment cough and improve ventilation. Infants with progressive neuromuscular disease will eventually develop respiratory complications as a result of muscle weakness and their inability to compensate during periods of increased respiratory loads. The finding of nocturnal hypercapnia is often the trigger for initiating non-invasive ventilation and studies have shown that its use not only may improve sleep-disordered breathing, but also that it may have an effect on daytime function, symptoms related to hypercapnia, and partial pressure of CO2 ...
August 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296062/bronchiectasis-following-treatment-for-high-risk-neuroblastoma-a-case-series
#13
Madeleine Adams, Heidi Traunecker, Iolo Doull, Rachel Cox
High-risk (HR) neuroblastoma remains a very challenging disease to treat and long-term cure is only possible with intensive, multimodal treatment including chemotherapy, high-dose therapy, radiotherapy, surgery, and immunotherapy. As a result, treatment-related morbidity and late effects are common in survivors. This report outlines a case series of six patients who developed a chronic productive cough following treatment for HR neuroblastoma. High-resolution computed tomography scanning confirmed the diagnosis of bronchiectasis...
October 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075489/cough-augmentation-techniques-for-extubation-or-weaning-critically-ill-patients-from-mechanical-ventilation
#14
REVIEW
Louise Rose, Neill Kj Adhikari, David Leasa, Dean A Fergusson, Douglas McKim
BACKGROUND: There are various reasons why weaning and extubation failure occur, but ineffective cough and secretion retention can play a significant role. Cough augmentation techniques, such as lung volume recruitment or manually- and mechanically-assisted cough, are used to prevent and manage respiratory complications associated with chronic conditions, particularly neuromuscular disease, and may improve short- and long-term outcomes for people with acute respiratory failure. However, the role of cough augmentation to facilitate extubation and prevent post-extubation respiratory failure is unclear...
January 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070430/an-unusual-case-of-cystic-fibrosis-associated-pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-an-infant
#15
Ravinder Kaur, Priyanka Katariya, Megh Singh Dhakad, Bhanu Mehra, Urmila Jhamb, A P Dubey
Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) is one of the major infections in patients with impaired immunity. The entity is common in HIV-seropositive individuals but quite very rare in HIV-seronegative individuals especially children. We report here a case of 16-week-old HIV-seronegative infant with chief complaint of chronic cough of one month of evolution. Sweat chloride test for diagnosis of cystic fibrosis was positive. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was collected and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was isolated on culture...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900765/the-role-of-the-otolaryngologist-in-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#16
Mark Kubik, Prasad Thottam, Amber Shaffer, Sukgi Choi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation and role of the otolaryngologist in the evaluation of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) at a tertiary pediatric hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Records from pediatric patients with a diagnosis of EoE from 2003 to 2015 were reviewed. Study variables were analyzed to compare patients presenting to different specialties. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-one patients with EoE were evaluated...
June 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895411/reoperation-in-an-adult-female-with-right-sided-hirschsprung-s-disease-complicated-by-refractory-hypertension-and-cough
#17
Zhi-Jian Wei, Lei Huang, A-Man Xu
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is an intestinal malformation caused by the innate absence of ganglion cells in the neural plexus of the colorectal wall, and is most common in male infants. It is rare in adult, and is usually left-sided. Herein we reported based on the CARE guidelines a case of a 47-year-old adult female suffering from "right-sided" HD complicated by refractory hypertension and cough. The patient with a history of cesarean section and with digestive unfitness (abdominal pain, distention, and constipation) only since 20 years old had recurrence of HD after initial surgery due to the incomplete removal of the HD-affected bowel based on a diagnosis of "chronic ileus", leading to the relapse of the digestive symptoms and the emergence of some intractable circulatory and respiratory complications which could be hardly controlled by conservative treatment...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704652/epidemiology-clinical-characteristics-laboratory-findings-and-severity-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-acute-lower-respiratory-infection-in-malaysian-children-2008-2013
#18
Khuen F Ng, Kah K Tan, Zhi H Sam, Grace Ss Ting, Wan Y Gan
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe epidemiology, clinical features, laboratory data and severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in Malaysian children and to determine risk factors associated with prolonged hospital stay, paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and mortality. METHODS: Retrospective data on demographics, clinical presentation, outcomes and laboratory findings of 450 children admitted into Tuanku Jaafar Hospital in Seremban, Malaysia from 2008 to 2013 with documented diagnosis of RSV ALRI were collected and analysed...
April 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642394/pediatric-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-when-and-how-to-explore-the-immune-system-about-53-cases
#19
Mohammed El-Azami-El-Idrissi, Mounia Lakhdar-Idrissi, Sanae Chaouki, Samir Atmani, Abdelhak Bouharrou, Moustapha Hida
Recurrent respiratory tract infections are one of the most frequent reasons for pediatric visits and hospitalization. Causes of this pathology are multiple ranging from congenital to acquired and local to general. Immune deficiencies are considered as underlying conditions predisposing to this pathology. Our work is about to determine when and how to explore the immune system when facing recurrent respiratory infections. This was based on the records of 53 children hospitalized at the pediatrics unit of Hassan II University Hospital, Fez Morocco...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527627/predictors-of-inflammation-in-a-cohort-of-bolivian-infants-and-toddlers
#20
Rachel M Burke, Parminder S Suchdev, Paulina A Rebolledo, Anna M Fabiszewski de Aceituno, Rita Revollo, Volga Iñiguez, Mitchel Klein, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Juan S Leon
Inflammation has been associated with cardiovascular disease and other health outcomes in children and adults, yet few longitudinal data are available on prevalence and predictors of inflammation in infants. We aimed to identify the prevalence of inflammation in a cohort of Bolivian infants and estimate its association with acute (recent illnesses) and chronic (overweight, stunting) morbidities and potential pathogen exposure (represented by water, sanitation, and hygiene [WASH] resources). We measured plasma concentrations of two acute phase proteins (C-reactive protein [CRP], marking acute inflammation, and alpha(1)-acid-glycoprotein [AGP], marking chronic inflammation) at three time points (target 2, 6-8, and 12-18 months)...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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