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Hypertension 2017

Geraldo Bezerra da Silva Junior, José Reginaldo Pinto, Rosa Maria Salani Mota, Roberto da Justa Pires Neto, Elizabeth De Francesco Daher
Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) infection is a current public health problem. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for death among patients with CHIKV infection during a large epidemic in northeast Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with all registered cases of CHIKV in Ceara, Brazil, during 2016-2017. Data from notification reports were collected, and we have compared non-survivors and survivors. Results: A total of 182 731 cases were reported, with a mean age of 38±19 years, and the majority was female (62%)...
December 14, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Sakeer Vayalthrikkovil, Erika Vorhies, Amelie Stritzke, Rani A Bashir, Khorshid Mohammad, Majeeda Kamaluddeen, Sumesh Thomas, Essa Al Awad, Prashanth Murthy, Amuchou Soraisham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, risk factors, and optimal timing of echocardiogram for pulmonary hypertension (PH) in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). DESIGN: In this prospective study, infants with gestational age (GA) <30 weeks admitted to a tertiary NICU between July 2015 and June 2017 who required positive pressure ventilation or oxygen therapy at ≥28 days of life were evaluated with serial echocardiograms at study enrollment (4-6 weeks of age), 32 weeks (only for ≤25 weeks), 36, and 40 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA) for PH...
December 14, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Kai Wei Lee, Siew Mooi Ching, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Anne Yee, Fan Kee Hoo, Yook Chin Chia, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Subapriya Suppiah, Mohd Hazmi Mohamed, Sajesh K Veettil
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a of the major public health issues in Asia. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and risk factors for GDM in Asia via a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Ovid, Scopus and ScienceDirect for observational studies in Asia from inception to August 2017. We selected cross sectional studies reporting the prevalence and risk factors for GDM. A random effects model was used to estimate the pooled prevalence of GDM and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
December 14, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Juan Esteban Muñoz Montoya, Carlos Pérez Cataño, Angela María Tapicha Cuellar, Maria Paula Vargas Osorio, Jimar Rivero Cano, Juan Carlos Luque Suarez, Marco Luciano Charry Lopez
Background: In 1988, Modic and his colleagues described changes in the subchondral bone marrow of the vertebral plates in patients with degenerative disease or other pathologies, which were observed in the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of the spine and were subdivided into three patterns of signal changes, called Modic type I, Modic type II and Modic type III. The main differential diagnosis of the Modic I changes of the vertebral plates due to degenerative disease in spine NMR, is infection in its early stages...
September 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Hai Deng, Pi Guo, Murui Zheng, Jun Huang, Yumei Xue, Xianzhang Zhan, Feng Wang, Yang Liu, Xianhong Fang, Hongtao Liao, Wei Wei, Yuanhong Liang, Fangzhou Liu, Zili Liao, Yijing Feng, Shulin Wu
Precise prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and the associated risk factors in southern China are rarely reported. This large population-based follow-up study, the Guangzhou Heart Study, was conducted from 2015 to 2017 to fill up this gap. Permanent residents aged 35 years and above in Guangzhou city were enrolled and demographic factors of participants were collected by a structured questionnaire. Examinations of physical, electrocardiographic and biochemical indicators were performed following a standard operation procedure designed prior to the field investigation...
December 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Markos Kyriakos Tomidis Chatzimanouil, Louise Wilkens, Hans-Joachim Anders
BACKGROUND: In 2004, researchers reported that the number of nephrology clinical trials was low and that the reporting quality of such trials was suboptimal. Furthermore, the number or quality of preclinical kidney-related studies has not been systematically evaluated. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized clinical trials published in 1966-2017 (listed in the Cochrane Library) and preclinical studies published in 1945-2017 (listed in PubMed). For reporting quality analysis, we evaluated the final main paper of 118 clinical trial reports and 135 preclinical studies published in leading journals in 1996, 2006, and 2016 on the basis of criteria from the widely used CONSORT and ARRIVE guidelines...
December 13, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Naveed Akhtar, Saadat Kamran, Rajvir Singh, Rayaz A Malik, Dirk Deleu, Paula J Bourke, Sujatha Joseph, Mark D Santos, Deborah M Morgan, Faisal M Wadiwala, Reny Francis, Blessy M Babu, Pooja George, Rumissa Ibrahim, Pablo Garcia-Bermejo, Ashfaq Shuaib
BACKGROUND: Stroke in diabetics may delay recovery and increases the risk of early recurrence of stroke. We compared the outcomes of patients (with and without diabetes) admitted with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in the state of Qatar. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively compared the clinical presentation, complications, discharge outcome, and stroke recurrence at 90 days in patients with and without diabetes. RESULTS: Five thousand two hundred twenty-eight stroke patients were admitted between January 2014 and December 2017...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Ali Taravati, Fatemeh Tohidi
Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder in pregnant women, which can be the leading cause of maternal and neonatal death or premature birth. Although the cause of preeclampsia is still not clear, local or systemic oxidative stress may explain the pathological features associated with this complication. However, it is not clear whether oxidative stress is the cause or the result of preeclampsia. For this purpose, the present meta-analysis was intended to evaluate the oxidant and antioxidant status in women with preeclampsia...
December 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Hyung-Sik Kim, Junyang Jung, Sung Hwa Dong, Sang Hoon Kim, Su Young Jung, Seung Geun Yeo
Objectives: Factors predictive of the severity of and recovery from Bell's palsy remain unclear. This study evaluated the association between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the severity of and recovery from Bell's palsy. Methods: This retrospective study included 51 patients who were hospitalized with Bell's palsy from 2015 to 2017. Degree of paralysis was assessed by House-Brackmann (H-B) grade. Patients with H-B grades 2-4 were classified as having mild to moderate palsy and patients with H-B grade 5 or 6 were classified as having severe palsy...
December 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Stephan Lüders, Bastian Schrader, Jörg Bäsecke, Hermann Haller, Albrecht Elsässer, Michael Koziolek, Joachim Schrader
BACKGROUND:  For the prevention of cardiovascular risk factors (RF) there are numerous recommendations of professional societies, which relate to the personal way of life of individuals (for example nutrition/diet, physical activity, stress reduction etc.). The implementation of these recommendations is so far poor. In the ELITE study, data on RF, nutritional behavior, physical activity and quality of life in the Oldenburger Münsterland region are to be collected prospectively and improved by individual information...
December 13, 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Yeon-Yong Kim, Eunjung Seo, Jiyeon Baek, Seongjun Ha, Hyung-Soo Kang
BACKGROUND: The Korean Obesity Index, which contains standard reference data (SRD) of obesity, was established in 2016 and revised in 2017 based on national health screening data to provide the distribution of the body mass index (BMI) of the whole population of Korea as a reference. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the SRD of obesity on the incidence of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: The percentile of BMI was calculated for each of the 864 subgroups by defined by gender, region, and age group according to the groupings in the SRD...
December 13, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Debora Matossian
The prevalence of elevated blood pressure and hypertension in children and adolescents has increased over the past decade. This trend is most likely related to increases in primary hypertension associated with increasing obesity rates in children. Lifestyle as well as genetics play a significant role in the development of primary hypertension. Hypertension in children and adolescents is under-recognized and undertreated. The 2017 Revised Clinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents aimed to create new normative blood pressure tables using data from healthy weight children, meaning between the 5th and 85th percentile per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
December 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Zheng Gong, Jun Li, Yuling Zhong, Xuehai Guan, Ailan Huang, Li Ma
Effects of dexmedetomidine on postoperative cognitive function in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated. Eighty patients undergoing systemic anesthesia with extracorporeal coronary artery bypass grafting in The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region from January 2015 to August 2017 were selected and randomly divided into the observation group (n=40) and control group (n=40). The two groups were treated with dexmedetomidine and equal volume of normal saline, respectively...
December 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Panagiotis I Georgianos, Rajiv Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Guangxian Yang, Xicheng Deng, Yifeng Yang, Ni Yin, Jinhua Wang, Pingbo Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe an effective surgical strategy for the treatment of children with pectus excavatum (PE) and concurrent congenital heart defect (CHD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all children (n = 16) who underwent simultaneous repair of PE with concurrent CHD at the Hunan Children's Hospital from July 2007 to December 2017. Among them, 7 patients had a simple atrial septal defect (ASD); 4 patients had a simple ventricular septal defect (VSD); 3 patients had both VSD and ASD; 1 patient had VSD, ASD and patent ductus arteriosus; and 1 patient had VSD complicated by pulmonary hypertension...
December 11, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Mekuriaw Mesfin Birhan, Yekoye Abebe
Background: Hypertension imposes stresses on many organs like heart and kidney. However, studies that show the effect of hypertension on the lungs are limited. Objective: To assess pulmonary function status of hypertensive patients aged 30-64 years at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, 2017. Methods: Hospital based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on 61 hypertensive patients (cases) and 61 nonhypertensive clients (controls) aged 30-64 years...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
Lun Wang, Jinfa Wang, Tao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been proved to be the most effective treatment strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2 achieving high remission rates. However, there are few clinical studies on the treatment of T2DM patients with a body mass index less than 30 kg/m2 by LSG. This study aims to study the effect of LSG on type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) in patients with a body mass index (BMI) less than 30 kg/m2 ...
December 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Zhuo Xu, Hui-Ping Gu, Yang Gu, Wei Sun, Kun Yu, Xi-Wen Zhang, Xiang-Qing Kong
Objective: To study the coronary microvascular function in older patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) using an invasive pressure-temperature sensor guidewire. Methods: Patients undergoing echocardiography and cardiac catheterization examinations for exertional dyspnea and a positive stress test were retrospectively enrolled from January 2014 to November 2017, and were allocated into the control group or HFpEF group. The HFpEF group was secondary divided into two groups according to the age of 65...
November 2018: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
Ming Liu, Yangjing Yao, Tianxiang Zhu, Yong Xie, Siqi Zhang, Yunfei Sun, Lili Xia, Ziyu Wu, Qing Huang, Zhuyuan Fang
Emerging evidence supports a causal role for the immunoglobulin-M (IgM) as a protector of atherosclerosis. Since arterial stiffness is an index of subclinical atherosclerosis, we propose that IgM may play an important role in arterial stiffness. As the level of IgM differs between sexes, we investigate the sex-specific association of serum IgM with arterial stiffness in a Chinese population. The study subjects were recruited from Danyang in 2017. Using the Omron VP-1000 system, we measured brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV)...
December 10, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Suqiao Yang, Jianfeng Wang, Tuguang Kuang, Juanni Gong, Zhanhong Ma, Ying H Shen, Lirong Liang, Yuanhua Yang, Kewu Huang
OBJECTIVES: Managing hemoptysis in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension can be challenging due to the difficulties in maintaining coagulation homeostasis in affected patients. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of bronchial artery embolization in treating hemoptysis in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients. DESIGN: Pilot, prospective cohort study. SETTING: A large respiratory medical institute. PATIENTS: From January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2017, hospitalized chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients were eligible for inclusion...
December 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
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