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mRNA processing

Zhimeng Lv, Ming Guo, Chenghua Li, Yina Shao, Xuelin Zhao, Weiwei Zhang
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key conservative regulator of inflammation response by promoting cell proliferation, migration, and vascular permeability. It also induces the release of inflammatory factors in vertebrates. We previously characterized NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 and HMGB3 homology in Apostichopus japonicus, providing the occurrence of inflammation in this species. However, to our knowledge, other inflammation-related molecules, such as VEGF, have rarely been investigated...
December 2, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Lijun Zhao, Jianzhong Cao, Kexin Hu, Penghui Wang, Guodong Li, Xiaodong He, Tanjun Tong, Limin Han
Although several studies indicate that RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) contribute to key steps in a variety of physiological processes and cancer, the detailed biological functions and mechanisms remain to be determined. By performing bioinformatics analysis using well-established hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) datasets, we identified a set of HCC progression-associated RBPs (HPARBPs) and found that the global expression of HPARBPs was significantly correlated with patient prognosis. Among the 42 HPARBPs, human ribosomal protein S3 (RPS3) was one of the most abundant genes whose role remains uncharacterized in HCC...
December 4, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Karin Cristina da Silva Modena, Adriana Maria Calvo, Carla Renata Sipert, Thiago José Dionísio, Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro, Maria Teresa Atta, Carlos Ferreira Santos
This study evaluated in vitro cell viability and metabolism, nitric oxide release and production of chemokines by cultured human dental pulp fibroblasts (DPF) under contact with HEMA and Single Bond. Cultures of DPF were established by means of an explant technique. Once plated, cells were kept under contact with increasing concentrations of HEMA (10, 100 and 1000 nM) or Single Bond (SB) [10-fold serially diluted in culture medium (10-4, 10-3 and 10-2 v/v)] and also with polymerized SB components. Cytotoxicity was assessed by Trypan Blue exclusion method and MTT [3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assay...
September 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Iryna Shakhmantsir, Soumyashant Nayak, Gregory R Grant, Amita Sehgal
Transcription-translation feedback loops that comprise eukaryotic circadian clocks rely upon temporal delays that separate the phase of active transcription of clock genes, such as Drosophila period (per) and timeless (tim), from negative feedback by the two proteins. However, our understanding of the mechanisms involved is incomplete. Through an RNA interference screen, we found that pre-mRNA processing 4 (PRP4) kinase, a component of the U4/U5.U6 triple small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (tri-snRNP) spliceosome, and other tri-snRNP components regulate cycling of the molecular clock as well as rest:activity rhythms...
December 5, 2018: ELife
Miao Zhang, Meng-Zhou Zhang, Shu-Heng Wen, Ying-Fu Sun, Peng-Hao Jiang, Lin-Lin Wang, Rui Zhao, Chang-Liang Wang, Shu-Kun Jiang, Da-Wei Guan
HIPK2 is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase and is considered a co-regulator of an increasing number of transcription factors modulating a variety of cellular processes, including inflammation, proliferation and fibrosis. Skeletal muscle injuries repair is an overlapping event between inflammation and tissue repair. There are no reports about HIPK2 expression in skeletal muscles after trauma. A foundational study on distribution and time-dependent expression of HIPK2 was performed by immunohistochemical staining, Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR, which is expected to obtain a preliminary insight into the functions of HIPK2 during the repair of contused skeletal muscle in mice...
December 5, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
Fang Wang, Zhi-Fen Zhang, Yi-Ran He, Hong-Yan Wu, Shuang-Shuang Wei
AIM: Examine the effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor Sitagliptin on the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) signal transduction pathway in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) rats with ovarian fibrosis. METHODS: Thirty rats were divided randomly into the PCOS model group, Sitagliptin treatment group and blank control group. Dehydroepiandrosterone was administered to the model group and treatment group to establish the models. Then, the phenotype of rats was recorded, and the serum sex hormone levels were measured...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Jianan Yang, Bin Wang, Han Chen, Xuhong Chen, Jing Li, Yanfei Chen, Daozhang Yuan, Shunsheng Zheng
OBJECTIVES: Thyrotroph embryonic factor (TEF) plays an important role in several different processes in normal human cells; however, its function in malignant cells has not been fully elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mRNA levels of TEF in 408 bladder cancer (BC) samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were analysed in depth. Next, the expression of TEF in 7 BC cell lines was compared to that in normal bladder epithelial cells. The cell count, colony formation and anchorage-independent growth assays as well as a nude mouse xenograft model were utilized to examine the effects of TEF on proliferation and tumorigenesis...
December 4, 2018: Cell Proliferation
Agnieszka Tudek, Manfred Schmid, Torben Heick Jensen
In this perspective, we discuss the regulatory impact of nuclear RNA export and decay on messenger RNA (mRNA) functionality. It is well established that control of protein-coding gene expression in eukaryotes employs the regulated production of mRNA, its intra-cellular transfer to cytoplasmic ribosomes and final transcript degradation. Despite a rich body of literature on these events, an involvement of nuclear RNA decay systems remains largely unexplored. Instead, nuclear RNA degradation is often considered a quality control precaution engaged primarily in ridding cells of aberrantly processed transcripts and spurious non-coding RNA...
December 4, 2018: Current Genetics
Mohamed M Refaey, Dapeng Li
Transport procedures usually cause fish stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of transport stress on blood biochemical profiles, oxidative stress biomarkers, and hepatic heat shock proteins (HSPs) of channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus ). Fish (body weight 55.57 ± 5.13 g) were randomly distributed to two groups, the control, and the treatment. The control group was kept under the normal culture conditions. The treatment group was exposed to the process of transport (3.5 h). Fish samples were collected before transport, after packing and at 0, 1, 6, 24, 72, and 168 h after transport, respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Xi Sun, Yue Hu, Jing Wu, Liang Shi, Lei Zhu, Pei-Wen Xi, Ji-Fu Wei, Qiang Ding
BACKGROUND: RNA binding proteins (RBPs) play an important role in regulating the metabolism of target RNAs. Aberrant expression of RBPs plays a vital role in the initiation and development of many cancers. The RBM family, which has the conserved RNA binding motif RNP1 and RNP2, shares the similar function in RNA processing and RBMS2 is a member of them. P21, also named CDKN1A, promotes cell cycle arrest and plays an important role in halting cell proliferation. In our study, we identified RBMS2 as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Jing-Shan Lu, Qi-Yu Chen, Sibo Zhou, Kaoru Inokuchi, Min Zhuo
Human and animal studies indicate that some brain regions are activated during painful and pleasant situations, such as the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). In the present study, we wanted to determine if some of the same neurons in the ACC may be activated by both pain and pleasure. We labeled neurons activated by two stimuli by using two immediate early genes (IEGs), Arc and Homer1a, and detected the intranuclear transcription of the IEG mRNA in situ. We found that there are double-labeling neurons in the ACC after the mice received pain and sexual attraction stimulation...
December 4, 2018: Molecular Brain
Karolina A Chodkowska, Anna Ciecierska, Kinga Majchrzak, Piotr Ostaszewski, Tomasz Sadkowski
Gamma-oryzanol (GO) is a popular supplement for performance horses, dogs, and humans. Previous studies indicated that GO supplementation decreases creatine kinase activity and lactate level after exercise and may affect oxidative stress in Thoroughbred horses. GO may change genes expression in equine satellite cells (ESC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of GO on miRNA, gene expression, oxidative stress, and cell damage and viability in differentiating ESC pretreated with hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂)...
December 2, 2018: Nutrients
Fei Geng, Jia-Yun Liu, Xiao-Wen Chen, Wen-Jun Zou, Jian-Lin Wu, Guadalupe Rodriguez, Chao Peng, Jia Tian, Gui-Feng Lu
The Medial Habenular (MHb) and the Lateral Habenular nuclei are 2 main parts of the habenular complex (Hb). Recent studies showed that MHb plays an important role in memory, and in the expression of ErbB4. However, the expression of MHb ErbB4 receptor and its role in fear memory is not well understood. In this study, western blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to assess the protein and mRNA levels of ErbB4 in the process of contextual fear conditioning. A pharmacological approach was used to block and stimulate the ErbB4 receptor...
December 4, 2018: Pharmacology
Roee Birnbaum, Naama Yosha-Orpaz, Miri Yanoov-Sharav, Dvora Kidron, Hila Gur, Keren Yosovich, Tally Lerman-Sagie, Gustavo Malinger, Dorit Lev
Protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) is a member of a family of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosyl-l-methionine to nitrogen atoms on arginine residues. Arginine methylation is involved in multiple biological processes, such as signal transduction, mRNA splicing, transcriptional control, DNA repair, and protein translocation. Currently, 10 patients have been described with mutations in PRMT7. The shared findings include: hypotonia, intellectual disability, short stature, brachydactyly, and mild dysmorphic features...
December 4, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Wei Liu, Tianyao Yang, Zhaofa Xu, Bin Xu, Yu Deng
Methyl-mercury (MeHg) is a dangerous environmental contamination biotransformed from mercury or inorganic mercury compounds in waterways, which induces severe toxic effects in central nervous system. Oxidative stress is involved in various ways of intracellular physiological or pathological processes including neuronal apoptosis. For understanding the ways that oxidative stress participating in MeHg-induced apoptosis, the current study attempted to explore the effects of oxidative stress on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria function, especially focussing on ER stress followed by unfold protein response (UPR), as well as mitochondrial apoptosis pathways activation in primary cultured cortical neurons...
December 4, 2018: Free Radical Research
He Liang, Xinjian Yang, Chao Liu, Zhongyi Sun, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Τo investigate the effect of NF-kB signaling pathway on the expression of MIF, TNF-α, and IL-6 in the regulation of disc degeneration. METHODS: The disc tissue was taken from 56 patients with cervical spondylosis. According to the preoperative MRI and intraoperative disc herniation, the patients were divided into two groups: degeneration group and herniation group. The control group was 34 patients with cervical trauma with no history of cervical spondylosis...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Vahideh Salimi, Asad Maroufi, Mohammad Majdi
Digitalis nervosa is an important medicinal plant species belonging to the family of Scrophulariaceae that has the potential to be used for heart failure. 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3β-HSD) is a key gene in the biosynthesis of cardenolides for making digitalis effective compounds, hence identification of this gene is important for genetic engineering purposes towards increasing the yield of cardiac glycosides. In addition, mRNA-like non-coding RNAs (mlncRNAs), a class of long non coding RNAs, play key roles in various biological processes and may affect cardenolides pathway in digitalis plants...
November 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Stephanie Post, Sifang Liao, Rochele Yamamoto, Jan A Veenstra, Dick R Nässel, Marc Tatar
Insulin/IGF signaling (IIS) regulates essential processes including development, metabolism, and aging. The Drosophila genome encodes eight insulin/IGF-like peptide (dilp) paralogs, including tandem-encoded dilp1 and dilp2. Many reports show that longevity is increased by manipulations that decrease DILP2 levels. It has been shown that dilp1 is expressed primarily in pupal stages, but also during adult reproductive diapause. Here, we find that dilp1 is also highly expressed in adult dilp2 mutants under nondiapause conditions...
December 3, 2018: Aging Cell
Balraj Singh Gill, Navgeet, Sanjeev Kumar
Neuroblastoma is a childhood tumor arising from developing a sympathetic nervous system and causes around 10% of pediatric tumors. Despite advancement in the use of sophisticated techniques in molecular biology, neuroblastoma patient's survivability rate is very less. Notch pathway is significant in upholding cell maintenance and developmental process of organs. Notch-1 proteins are a ligand-activated transmembrane receptor which decides the fate of the cell. Notch signaling leads to transcription of genes which indulged in numerous diseases including tumor progression...
December 3, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Konrad A Szychowski, Jan Gmiński
The process of degradation of the elastin-rich extracellular matrix produces elastin-derived peptides (EDPs). Different types of EDPs are detectable in the cerebrospinal fluid in healthy individuals and in patients after ischemic stroke. To date, it has been demonstrated that EDPs can regulate the development of insulin resistance in mice in a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (Pparγ)-dependent manner. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the elastin-derived valine-glycine-valine-alanine-proline-glycine (VGVAPG) peptide on Pparγ and beta-galactosidase (β-Gal) expression in mouse cortical astrocytes in vitro...
December 3, 2018: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
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