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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094942/-i-think-we-ve-had-a-health-screen-new-offshore-screening-new-refugee-health-guidelines-new-syrian-and-iraqi-cohorts-recommendations-reality-results-and-review
#1
Rachel C Heenan, Thomas Volkman, Simon Stokes, Shidan Tosif, Hamish Graham, Andrea Smith, David Tran, Georgia Paxton
AIM: To examine refugee health assessments in Syrian and Iraqi children in the context of changes to offshore immigration screening, updated Australian refugee health guidelines and the primary care refugee health model in Victoria. METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of Syrian and Iraqi children aged 0-17 years attending a specialist immigrant health service from January 2015 to September 2017. RESULTS: We saw 128 children (7 months-16 years, 64...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078383/effect-of-early-postnatal-nutrition-on-chronic-kidney-disease-and-arterial-hypertension-in-adulthood-a-narrative-review
#2
C Juvet, U Simeoni, C Yzydorczyk, B Siddeek, J-B Armengaud, K Nardou, P Juvet, M Benahmed, F Cachat, H Chehade
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) has been identified as a risk factor for adult chronic kidney disease (CKD), including hypertension (HTN). Accelerated postnatal catch-up growth superimposed to IUGR has been shown to further increase the risk of CKD and HTN. Although the impact of excessive postnatal growth without previous IUGR is less clear, excessive postnatal overfeeding in experimental animals shows a strong impact on the risk of CKD and HTN in adulthood. On the other hand, food restriction in the postnatal period seems to have a protective effect on CKD programming...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074907/risk-of-metabolic-consequences-of-rapid-weight-gain-and-catch-up-growth-in-the-first-two-years-of-life-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Natalie van der Haak, Kate Wood, Annabel Sweeney, Zachary Munn
The specific review question to be addressed is: what is the risk of metabolic outcomes for individuals who experience rapid weight gain or catch-up growth during the first two years of life?
August 2, 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066971/a-prospective-study-about-physical-growth-of-children-from-birth-to-2-years-old-born-full-term-small-for-gestational-age
#4
Lili Huang, Sufei Yang, Fan Yang, Fei Xiong
AIM: To evaluate the growth trend of children from birth to 2 years old born full-term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) in Chengdu, China. METHODS: Full-term SGA infants were prospectively followed from birth to 2 years of age. The weight, length and head circumference were monitored at 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. Catch-up growth and growth velocity were measured by using standardised z-score and Δz-score. Growth deviation was analysed. RESULTS: A total of 850 full-term SGA infants were involved in our study...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30061391/future-population-and-human-capital-in-heterogeneous-india
#5
Samir Kc, Marcus Wurzer, Markus Speringer, Wolfgang Lutz
Within the next decade India is expected to surpass China as the world's most populous country due to still higher fertility and a younger population. Around 2025 each country will be home to around 1.5 billion people. India is demographically very heterogeneous with some rural illiterate populations still having more than four children on average while educated urban women have fewer than 1.5 children and with great differences between states. We show that the population outlook greatly depends on the degree to which this heterogeneity is explicitly incorporated into the population projection model used...
July 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054166/language-trajectories-of-children-born-very-preterm-and-full-term-from-early-to-late-childhood
#6
Thi-Nhu-Ngoc Nguyen, Megan Spencer-Smith, Kristina M Haebich, Alice Burnett, Shannon E Scratch, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Lex W Doyle, Joshua F Wiley, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To identify distinct language trajectories of children born very preterm and full term from 2 to 13 years of age and examine predictors for the identified trajectories. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort of 224 children born very preterm and 77 full term controls recruited at birth were followed up at ages 2, 5, 7, and 13 years. The number of distinct language trajectories was examined using latent growth mixture modeling allowing for linear and quadratic time trends...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047284/novel-functional-role-of-gh-igf1-in-neonatal-lung-myofibroblasts-and-in-rat-lung-growth-after-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#7
Jawed Nawabi, Christina Vohlen, Katharina Dinger, Chansutha Thangaratnarajah, Christian Klaudt, Eva Lopez Garcia, Dharmesh V Hirani, Pinar Haznedar-Karakaya, Iris Macheleidt, Margarete Odenthal, Kai Dietrich Nüsken, Jörg Dötsch, Miguel A Alejandre Alcázar
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a risk factor for neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD), characterized by reduced alveoli and fibrosis. Our group showed previously an activation of myofibroblasts and matrix-remodeling in rat lungs after IUGR. Since Growth Hormone (GH) and Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) regulate development and growth, we queried (1) if GH/IGF1 signaling is dysregulated in lungs after IUGR; and (2) if GH/IGF1 signaling is linked to neonatal lung myofibroblast function. IUGR was induced in Wistar rats by isocaloric low protein diet during gestation...
July 26, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043179/programming-of-central-and-peripheral-insulin-resistance-by-low-birthweight-and-postnatal-catch-up-growth-in-male-mice
#8
Lindsey M Berends, Laura Dearden, Yi Chun L Tung, Peter Voshol, Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Susan E Ozanne
AIMS: Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) followed by accelerated postnatal growth is associated with an increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes. We aimed to determine central and peripheral insulin sensitivity in mice that underwent IUGR followed by postnatal catch-up growth and investigate potential molecular mechanisms underpinning their physiology. METHODS: We used a C57BL/6J mouse model of maternal diet-induced IUGR (maternal diet, 8% protein) followed by cross-fostering to a normal nutrition dam (maternal diet, 20% protein) and litter size manipulation to cause accelerated postnatal catch-up growth...
July 24, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038947/semen-analysis-in-patients-treated-for-varicocele-in-pediatric-age-are-surgical-outcomes-enough-to-preserve-the-fertility-potential
#9
Nicola Zampieri, Francesco Saverio Camoglio
Preserving the fertility potential of adolescent patients with varicocele is still the main outcome of pediatric and adolescent urologysts; the aim of this study is to assess the fertility potential of patients treated for varicocele with testicular hypotrophy in absence of post-operative complications, with complete ipsilateral testicular catch-up growth and normal hormonal values. METHODS: The Authors collected data from adolescents with varicocele aged between 10 and 16 years treated at their Institution between September 2010 and September 2015...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031808/effects-of-oral-zinc-supplementation-on-zinc-status-and-catch-up-growth-during-the-first-2-years-of-life-in-children-with-non-organic-failure-to-thrive-born-preterm-and-at-term
#10
Jin Min Cho, Ju Young Kim, Hye Ran Yang
BACKGROUND: We aimed to analyze the effect of oral zinc supplementation on serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and catch-up growth in infants with non-organic failure to thrive (NOFTT) who were born preterm as compared to those born at term. METHODS: Totally, 105 NOFTT infants aged 2 years or less were enrolled and divided into two groups according to gestational age at birth. Oral zinc sulfate was administered for 6 months to 49/66 children born at term, and 21/39 children born preterm...
June 25, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028828/growth-body-composition-and-micronutrient-abnormalities-during-and-after-weaning-off-home-parenteral-nutrition
#11
Esther Neelis, Joanne Olieman, Dimitris Rizopoulos, René Wijnen, Edmond Rings, Barbara de Koning, Jessie Hulst
OBJECTIVES: To assess growth, body composition and micronutrient abnormalities in children with intestinal failure (IF) over time, both during and after weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: Retrospective study in children on home PN between 2001 and 2015. Weight-for-age (WFA) and height-for-age (HFA) SD scores (SDS) were calculated, as well as fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM) SDS obtained by DEXA. The course of growth parameters and body composition was analyzed with linear mixed models...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30011395/catch-up-growth-rapid-weight-growth-and-continuous-growth-from-birth-to-6-years-of-age-in-very-preterm-born-children
#12
Line Hedegaard Toftlund, Susanne Halken, Lone Agertoft, Gitte Zachariassen
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding promotes healthy growth in very-preterm-born infants (VPI), but extra nutritional supply is needed to ensure catch-up growth and brain development. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how different types of post-discharge nutrition affect growth until 6 years of age in children born VPI. METHODS: This was a 6-year follow-up study of 281 VPI. Median gestational age (GA) was 30 + 0 weeks (range 24-32 weeks). When breastfed at discharge, they were randomized to unfortified human milk (UHM) or fortified human milk (FHM)...
July 16, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982551/children-born-small-for-gestational-age-differential-diagnosis-molecular-genetic-evaluation-and-implications
#13
Martijn J J Finken, Manouk van der Steen, Carolina C J Smeets, Marie J E Walenkamp, Christiaan de Bruin, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega, Jan M Wit
Children born small-for-gestational age (SGA), defined as a birth weight and/or length <-2 SDS, comprise a heterogeneous group. The causes of SGA are multifactorial and include maternal life-style and obstetric factors, placental dysfunction, and numerous fetal (epi)genetic abnormalities. Short-term consequences of SGA include increased risks of hypothermia, polycythemia, and hypoglycemia. Although the majority of SGA infants show catch-up growth by 2 years of age, approximately 10% remain short. Short children born SGA are amenable to growth hormone (GH) treatment, which increases their adult height by on average 1...
July 4, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972115/-follow-up-observation-of-catch-up-growth-of-preterm-infants-after-discharge-and-risk-factors-for-extrauterine-growth-retardation
#14
Xiao-Yan Gao, Lin Feng, Jing Xu, Xin-Nian Pan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the catch-up growth of preterm infants within a corrected age of 6 months and the risk factors for extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR). METHODS: A total of 321 preterm infants who were discharged after treatment in the neonatal intensive care unit and had regular follow-up documents with complete follow-up records were enrolled. According to the Prenatal Health Care Norms in 2015, these infants were divided into low-risk group with 69 infants and high-risk group with 252 infants...
June 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971222/growth-failure-and-excessive-weight-gain-in-a-10-year-old-male-with-obesity-approach-to-diagnosis-management-and-treatment-of-acquired-hypothyroidism
#15
Tiffany Schumaker, Marisa Censani
We report the case of a 10 year old male with severe obesity who presented with a 2 year history of significant growth failure and excessive weight gain that was subsequently diagnosed with serum negative Hashimoto's thyroiditis and acquired hypothyroidism. Initial investigations revealed a markedly elevated thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration >100 uIU/mL and an undetectable free thyroxine with total thyroxine 0.56 ug/dL. Thyroid antibodies were negative, however ultrasound findings were consistent with Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946058/pediatric-condition-falsification-misdiagnosed-by-misjudged-weight-growth-from-the-curve-of-measured-weights
#16
Martin J C van Gemert, Marianne Vlaming, Eric Osinga, Cornelis M A Bruijninckx, H A Martino Neumann, Pieter J J Sauer
BACKGROUND Pediatric condition falsification (PCF) is a rare form of child abuse in which a caregiver fabricates or induces illness in the child. The diagnosis is difficult and controversial and can easily include false positives. CASE REPORT A boy, 3.18 kg birthweight (P25 curve), lost weight between age 56 to120 days. Cow milk allergy was suspected, feeding was changed to elementary formula, and he started catch-up weight growth while remaining significantly underweight. His pediatrician continuously interpreted his low weight as insufficient growth, despite prescribing 3 times the normal caloric intake, concluded that the mother purposely malnourished her son, diagnosed PCF, and the boy was separated from his family (days 502-755 of age)...
June 27, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29944650/cell-nonautonomous-local-and-systemic-responses-to-cell-arrest-enable-long-bone-catch-up-growth-in-developing-mice
#17
Alberto Roselló-Díez, Linda Madisen, Sébastien Bastide, Hongkui Zeng, Alexandra L Joyner
Catch-up growth after insults to growing organs is paramount to achieving robust body proportions. In fly larvae, injury to individual tissues is followed by local and systemic compensatory mechanisms that allow the damaged tissue to regain normal proportions with other tissues. In vertebrates, local catch-up growth has been described after transient reduction of bone growth, but the underlying cellular responses are controversial. We developed an approach to study catch-up growth in foetal mice in which mosaic expression of the cell cycle suppressor p21 is induced in the cartilage cells (chondrocytes) that drive long-bone elongation...
June 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924631/effects-of-postweaning-calorie-restriction-on-accelerated-growth-and-adiponectin-in-nutritionally-programmed-microswine-offspring
#18
Elizabeth A DuPriest, Baoyu Lin, Philipp Kupfer, Kaiu Sekiguchi, Amruta Bhusari, Alexandra Quackenbush, Almir Celebic, Terry K Morgan, Jonathan Q Purnell, Susan Pound Bagby
Poor prenatal development followed by rapid childhood growth conveys greater cardiometabolic risk in later life. Microswine offspring exposed to perinatal maternal protein restriction (MPR; "low protein offspring", LPO) grow poorly in late-fetal/neonatal stages. After weaning to ad libitum (AL) diet, LPO-AL exhibit accelerated growth and fat deposition rates with low adiponectin mRNA despite low-normal body fat and small intra-abdominal adipocytes. We examined effects of caloric restriction (CR) on growth and metabolic status in LPO and normal protein offspring (NPO) randomized to AL or CR diets from weaning...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845756/body-composition-growth-patterns-in-early-infancy-a-latent-class-trajectory-analysis-of-the-ethiopian-iabc-birth-cohort
#19
Gregers Stig Andersen, Rasmus Wibaek, Pernille Kaestel, Tsinuel Girma, Bitiya Admassu, Mubarek Abera, Dorte Vistisen, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Kim F Michaelsen, Henrik Friis, Jonathan C K Wells
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify subgroups with distinct fat and fat-free growth patterns in the first 6 months of life and describe predictors of these different patterns. METHODS: A total of 510 apparently healthy Ethiopian infants were followed from birth to 6 months of age. Each infant had at least three and up to six repeated measurements of fat and fat-free mass using air-displacement plethysmography. Latent class trajectory analyses were used to categorize infants in groups with distinct body composition patterns...
July 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789442/ovine-prenatal-growth-restriction-impacts-glucose-metabolism-and-body-composition-throughout-life-in-both-sexes
#20
Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, Graham W Horgan, Clare L Adam
Low birthweight is a risk factor for later adverse health. Here the impact of placentally-mediated prenatal growth-restriction followed by postnatal nutrient abundance on growth, glucose metabolism and body composition was assessed in both sexes at key stages from birth to mid-adult life. Singleton-bearing adolescent dams were fed control or high nutrient intakes to induce normal or growth-restricted pregnancies, respectively. Restricted lambs had ~40% reduced birthweight. Fractional growth rates were higher in restricted lambs of both sexes predominantly during suckling/juvenile phases...
May 22, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
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