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catch up growth

Bruna Ossanai Schoenardie, Victória Bernardes Guimarães, Renato Soibelmann Procianoy, Rita C Silveira
OBJECTIVE:  To verify the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and to identify possible early predictors of SAH at ages 2 and 4 years in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. STUDY DESIGN:  This is a prospective cohort study including inborn children with birth weight (BW) <1,500 g. Arterial blood pressure measurements were performed at 2 and 4 years. Model 1 compared children with and those without SAH at age 4. Model 2 compared children who had SAH at ages 2 and 4 with the others...
December 11, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Sarah Appel, Jon Grothe, Sarah Storck, Ruth Janoschek, Inga Bae-Gartz, Maria Wohlfarth, Marion Handwerk, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Alexandra Gellhaus, Jörg Dötsch
Obesity and an unhealthy nutrition are on the rise and affect also women in childbearing age and hence, during pregnancy. Despite normal or even high birth weight the offspring suffers from long term metabolic risks. We hypothesized that fetal growth is disturbed during different intrauterine phases. Underlying molecular events remain elusive. Female mice were fed either a control diet (SD) or a high fat diet (HFD) after weaning until mating and during pregnancy. Pregnant mice were sacrificed at gestational time points G15...
December 10, 2018: Endocrinology
Mami Shiraishi, Katsuaki Mishima, Hirotsugu Umeda
BACKGROUND: Russell-Silver syndrome (RSS) is characterized by intrauterine growth retardation, short stature without postnatal catch-up growth, and an inverted triangular face with relative macrocephaly. There have been few case reports of RSS with cleft palate, in which perioperative problems such as difficult intubation due to trismus and impossibility to wear a mouth gag due to growth failure of the mandible were described. The case of a female RSS patient with cleft palate who underwent palatoplasty is reported...
December 4, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Manuel O Lagravère, Piero A Zecca, Alberto Caprioglio, Rosamaria Fastuca
BACKGROUND: Growth retardation was frequently observed in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients but the complex mechanisms causing this condition are still unclear. Several findings suggested growth catch-up after surgical treatment but other studies did not confirm the results, showing no improvement in OSA patients after adenotonsillectomy (T&A). The aim of the present study was to systematically review scientific literature of the relationships between OSA and metabolic changes involving growth hormone (GH) axis before and after treatment in patients...
December 3, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Silvia Ceccanti, Francesco Cozzi, Alice Cervellone, Augusto Zani, Denis A Cozzi
AIM: We sought to assess the magnitude of functional decline and the natural history of the operated kidney residual function after zero-ischemia nephron-sparing surgery (Z-NSS) in children with unilateral renal tumor (URT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 50 children were treated for URT at our surgical unit between 1992 and 2016. Of these 12 who underwent Z-NSS were available for the current analysis. Operated kidney function was assessed by 99mTc-dimercapto-succinic acid (DMSA) renal scintigraphy...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Mark Hann, Stephen A Roberts, Stephen W D'Souza, Peter Clayton, Nick Macklon, Daniel R Brison
BACKGROUND: Birth weight and early child growth are important predictors of long-term cardiometabolic disease risk, in line with the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis. As human assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) occur during the sensitive periconceptional window of development, it has recently become a matter of urgency to investigate risk in ART-conceived children. METHODS: We have conducted the first large-scale, national cohort study of early growth in ART children from birth to school age, linking the register of ART, held by the UK's Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, to Scottish maternity and child health databases...
November 28, 2018: BMC Medicine
Wendi A Bacon, Russell S Hamilton, Ziyi Yu, Jens Kieckbusch, Delia Hawkes, Ada M Krzak, Chris Abell, Francesco Colucci, D Stephen Charnock-Jones
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) causes a wide variety of defects in the neonate which can lead to increased risk of heart disease, diabetes, anxiety and other disorders later in life. However, the effect of FGR on the immune system, is poorly understood. We used a well-characterized mouse model of FGR in which placental Igf-2 production is lost due to deletion of the placental specific Igf-2 P0 promotor. The thymi in such animals were reduced in mass with a ~70% reduction in cellularity. We used single cell RNA sequencing (Drop-Seq) to analyze 7,264 thymus cells collected at postnatal day 6...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Chonnikant Visuthranukul, Steven A Abrams, Keli M Hawthorne, Joseph L Hagan, Amy B Hair
OBJECTIVE: To compare postdischarge growth, adiposity and metabolic outcomes of appropriate for gestational age (AGA) versus small for gestational age (SGA) premature infants fed an exclusive human milk (HM)-based diet in the neonatal intensive care unit. DESIGN: Premature infants (birth weight ≤1250 g) fed an exclusive HM-based diet were examined at 12-15 months corrected gestational age (CGA) (visit 1) for anthropometrics, serum glucose and non-fasting insulin, and at 18-22 months CGA (visit 2) for body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Kyunghee Han, Pantelis Z Hadjipantelis, Jane-Ling Wang, Michael S Kramer, Seungmi Yang, Richard M Martin, Hans-Georg Müller
For longitudinal studies with multivariate observations, we propose statistical methods to identify clusters of archetypal subjects by using techniques from functional data analysis and to relate longitudinal patterns to outcomes. We demonstrate how this approach can be applied to examine associations between multiple time-varying exposures and subsequent health outcomes, where the former are recorded sparsely and irregularly in time, with emphasis on the utility of multiple longitudinal observations in the framework of dimension reduction techniques...
2018: PloS One
Huiqing Shi, Xiaodong Yang, Dan Wu, Xiulian Wang, Tingting Li, Honghua Liu, Chong Guo, Jian Wang, Xiangying Hu, Guangjun Yu, Jinjin Chen
BACKGROUND: Too fast or slow weight gain in infancy is bad for health in later life. In this study, we aim to investigate the optimal weight gain pattern during the first 2 y of life for term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. METHOD: We employed data from a longitudinal, community-based cohort study on the growth and development of SGAs collected between 2004 and 2010 in Shanghai, China. Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was applied to identify weight gain patterns among 3004 SGAs...
October 29, 2018: Nutrition Journal
G Sebastiani, C García-Beltran, S Pie, A Guerra, A López-Bermejo, J S de Toledo, F de Zegher, F Rosés, L Ibáñez
BACKGROUND: The sequence of prenatal growth restraint and postnatal catch-up growth leads to a thicker intima-media and more pre-peritoneal fat by age 3-6 years. OBJECTIVES: To study whether carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and pre-peritoneal fat differ already between catch-up small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants and appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) controls in late infancy (ages 1 and 2 years) and whether such differences - if any - are accompanied by differences in cardiac morphology and function...
October 25, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Qiong Wu, Zhenhua Feng, Ming Tang, Xiang Li, Ming Luo, Huibin Zhou, Songnian Fu, Deming Liu
Capacity is the eternal pursuit for communication systems due to the overwhelming demand of bandwidth hungry applications. As the backbone infrastructure of modern communication networks, the optical fiber transmission system undergoes a significant capacity growth over decades by exploiting available physical dimensions (time, frequency, quadrature, polarization and space) of the optical carrier for multiplexing. For each dimension, stringent orthogonality must be guaranteed for perfect separation of independent multiplexed signals...
October 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Paula van Dommelen, Ekaterina Koledova, Jan M Wit
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the association between adherence and the growth response to growth hormone (GH) treatment is hampered by suboptimal methods of measuring adherence, confounders associated with the growth response, and restriction of the outcome parameters to yearly growth velocities. AIM: To investigate the effect of adherence on the two-year growth response to GH treatment in prepubertal children with idiopathic isolated growth hormone deficiency (GHD) participating in the easypod connect observational study (ECOS), a 5-year, Phase IV open-label study to continuously assess real-world adherence via the easypod electronic drug-delivery device...
2018: PloS One
K Sripada, K J Bjuland, A E Sølsnes, A K Håberg, K H Grunewaldt, G C Løhaugen, L M Rimol, J Skranes
Preterm birth (gestational age < 37 weeks) with very low birth weight (VLBW, birth weight ≤ 1500 g) is associated with lifelong cognitive deficits, including in executive function, and persistent alterations in cortical and subcortical structures. However, it remains unclear whether "catch-up" growth is possible in the preterm/VLBW brain. Longitudinal structural MRI was conducted with children born preterm with VLBW (n = 41) and term-born peers participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) (n = 128) at two timepoints in early school age (mean ages 8...
October 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rebecca Pradeilles, Tom Norris, Elaine Ferguson, Haris Gazdar, Sidra Mazhar, Hussain Bux Mallah, Azmat Budhani, Rashid Mehmood, Saba Aslam, Alan D Dangour, Elizabeth Allen
The adverse health impacts of early infant stunting can be partially ameliorated by early catch-up growth. Few studies have examined predictors of and barriers to catch-up growth to identify intervention points for improving linear growth during infancy. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of, and factors associated with, catch-up growth among infants in Pakistan. A longitudinal study of mother-infant dyads (n = 1,161) was conducted in rural Sindh province, with enrolment between December 2015 and February 2016 (infants aged 0...
October 21, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Brianna F Moore, Anne P Starling, Sheryl Magzamen, Curtis S Harrod, William B Allshouse, John L Adgate, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have modeled the association between fetal exposure to tobacco smoke and body mass index (BMI) growth trajectories, but not the timing of catch-up growth. Research on fetal exposure to maternal secondhand smoking is limited. OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between fetal exposure to maternal active and secondhand smoking with body composition at birth and BMI growth trajectories through age 3 years. METHODS: We followed 630 mother-child pairs enrolled in the Healthy Start cohort through age 3 years...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Kristina Nadine Heye, Valentin Rousson, Walter Knirsch, Ingrid Beck, Rabia Liamlahi, Vera Bernet, Hitendu Dave, Beatrice Latal
OBJECTIVE: To determine growth and its relationship to IQ in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery within the first year of life. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective single-center cohort study on 143 children (91 males) with different types of CHD (29 univentricular). Children with recognized genetic disorders were excluded. Growth (weight, height, and head circumference [HC]) was assessed at birth, before surgery, and at 1, 4, and 6 years and compared with Swiss growth charts...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Ralph Decker, Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland, Berit Kriström, Maria Halldin, Jan Gustafsson, Nils-Östen Nilsson, Jovanna Dahlgren
Context: GH responsiveness guides GH dosing during the catch-up growth (CUG) period; however, little is known regarding GH dosing during the prepubertal maintenance treatment period. Objective: To evaluate if standard deviation score (SDS) channel parallel growth with normal height velocity can be maintained following CUG by reducing GH dose by 50% in children receiving doses individualized based on estimated GH-responsiveness during the catch-up period. Design: and settings: Prepubertal children (n=98; 72 boys) receiving GH during CUG (GH-deficient (n=33); non-GH-deficient (n=65)), were randomized after 2-3 years to either a 50% reduced individualized (GHRID; n=27; 20 boys) or unchanged individualized dose (GHUID; n=38; 27 boys)...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Yuan Liu, Hongyun Liu, Xin Zheng
The present study explored the potential growth pattern of reading development from kindergarten to high school using the publicly available dataset from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort (ECLS-K). We extended the piecewise growth mixture model (PGMM) with a single unknown knot into the situation with more than one knot. The results showed that the PGMM with more than one knot could be used to study reading development. Students' reading development had fast growth before entering elementary school, but development slowed after...
October 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
Marek Brabec, Jere R Behrman, Susan D Emmett, Edward Gibson, Celeste Kidd, William Leonard, Mary E Penny, Steven T Piantadosi, Abhishek Sharma, Susan Tanner, Eduardo A Undurraga, Ricardo A Godoy
BACKGROUND: Seasons affect many social, economic, and biological outcomes, particularly in low-resource settings, and some studies suggest that birth season affects child growth. AIM: To study a predictor of stunting that has received limited attention: birth season. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study uses cross-sectional data collected during 2008 in a low-resource society of horticulturists-foragers in the Bolivian Amazon, Tsimane'. It estimates the associations between birth months and height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ) for 562 girls and 546 boys separately, from birth until age 11 years or pre-puberty, which in this society occurs ∼13-14 years...
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
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