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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328382/birth-seasons-and-heights-among-girls-and-boys-below-12-years-of-age-lasting-effects-and-catch-up-growth-among-native-amazonians-in-bolivia
#1
Marek Brabec, Jere R Behrman, Susan D Emmett, Edward Gibson, Celeste Kidd, William Leonard, Mary E Penny, Steven T Piantadosi, Abhishek Sharma, Susan Tanner, Eduardo A Undurraga, Ricardo A Godoy
BACKGROUND: Seasons affect many social, economic, and biological outcomes, particularly in low-resource settings, and some studies suggest that birth season affects child growth. AIM: To study a predictor of stunting that has received limited attention: birth season. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study uses cross-sectional data collected during 2008 in a low-resource society of horticulturists-foragers in the Bolivian Amazon, Tsimane'. It estimates the associations between birth months and height-for-age Z-scores (HAZ) for 562 girls and 546 boys separately, from birth until age 11 years or pre-puberty, which in this society occurs ∼13-14 years...
June 2018: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30323348/catch-up-growth-metabolic-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-post-institutionalized-romanian-adolescents
#2
Alva Tang, Natalie Slopen, Charles A Nelson, Charles H Zeanah, Michael K Georgieff, Nathan A Fox
BACKGROUND: Reduced prenatal growth followed by rapid postnatal weight gain are risk factors for developing metabolic and cardiovascular disease. Children reared in institutions experience a similar pattern of growth restriction followed by catch-up growth after removal. We explored whether patterns of catch-up growth affect metabolic and cardiovascular outcomes in previously institutionalized adolescents. METHOD: A longitudinal study of institutionalized infants randomized to care as usual (n = 68) or foster care intervention (n = 68), and never institutionalized controls (n = 127)...
October 1, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308381/high-fat-diet-affects-pregestational-adiposity-and-glucose-tolerance-perturbing-gestational-placental-macronutrient-transporters-culminating-in-an-obese-offspring-in-wild-type-and-glucose-transporter-isoform-3-heterozygous-null-mice
#3
Amit Ganguly, Sherin U Devaskar
We examined the effect of a high-fat diet (HFD) vs. control diet (CD) upon pregestational and gestational wild-type (wt) and glucose transporter (glut)3 heterozygous (glut3+/- ) female mice and observed an increase in pregestational body weights, white adiposity (wt > glut3+/- ), circulating cholesterol, and high-density lipoproteins, with glucose intolerance in both genotypes. The HFD-exposed offspring displayed reduced birth weight with catch up to CD-fed in wt vs. an increased birth weight persisting as such at weaning by day 21 in glut3+/- mice...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291988/stress-female-reproduction-and-pregnancy
#4
REVIEW
Georgios Valsamakis, George Chrousos, George Mastorakos
Stress is one of the commonest and underappreciated causes of reproductive frailty in women. The stress system leads to adaptive responses via mobilization of hormonal systems. Adaptability and resistance to stress are fundamental to life. The response to stressors depends on the type of stressor, the timing and duration of stress, the genetic predisposition, personality characteristics, and the way of coping with stress. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has a direct inhibitory action on the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis at multiple levels...
September 22, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30279096/neuronatin-deletion-causes-postnatal-growth-restriction-and-adult-obesity-in-129s2-sv-mice
#5
Steven J Millership, Simon J Tunster, Mathew Van de Pette, Agharul I Choudhury, Elaine E Irvine, Mark Christian, Amanda G Fisher, Rosalind M John, James Scott, Dominic J Withers
OBJECTIVE: Imprinted genes are crucial for the growth and development of fetal and juvenile mammals. Altered imprinted gene dosage causes a variety of human disorders, with growth and development during these crucial early stages strongly linked with future metabolic health in adulthood. Neuronatin (Nnat) is a paternally expressed imprinted gene found in neuroendocrine systems and white adipose tissue and is regulated by the diet and leptin. Neuronatin expression is downregulated in obese children and has been associated with stochastic obesity in C57BL/6 mice...
September 15, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266874/linear-growth-following-complicated-severe-malnutrition-1-year-follow-up-cohort-of-kenyan-children
#6
Moses M Ngari, Per Ole Iversen, Johnstone Thitiri, Laura Mwalekwa, Molline Timbwa, Greg W Fegan, James Alexander Berkley
BACKGROUND: Stunting is the most common manifestation of childhood undernutrition worldwide. Children presenting with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are often also severely stunted. We evaluated linear growth and its determinants after medically complicated SAM. METHODS: We performed secondary analysis of clinical trial data ( NCT00934492) from HIV-uninfected Kenyan children aged 2-59 months hospitalised with SAM. Outcome was change in height/length-for-age z-score (HAZ) between enrolment and 12 months later...
September 28, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261060/evaluation-of-irisin-and-visfatin-levels-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-newborns-compared-to-full-term-newborns-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Nina Mól, Magdalena Zasada, Przemysław Tomasik, Katarzyna Klimasz, Przemko Kwinta
Premature infants represent one of the groups with increased risk for metabolic syndrome. Our study is the first one to evaluate irisin and visfatin levels, associated with the metabolic syndrome, both in blood of preterm and full-term infants, as well as in the breastmilk of their mothers. A total of 72 newborns was enrolled in the study, including 53 very low birth weight preterm infants and a control group of 19 term infants. The levels of irisin and visfatin were determined by a commercial enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay both in the baby serum and maternal milk twice, first during the 1st week of life and then 4 weeks later...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238621/achieving-biventricular-circulation-in-patients-with-moderate-hypoplastic-right-ventricle-in-pulmonary-atresia-intact-ventricular-septum-after-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-perforation
#8
Robin H S Chen, Adolphus K T Chau, Pak Cheong Chow, Tak Cheung Yung, Yiu Fai Cheung, Kin Shing Lun
OBJECTIVE: Transcatheter valve perforation for pulmonary atresia intact ventricular septum is the standard of care for patients with mild right ventricular hypoplasia. However, its role in moderate right ventricular hypoplasia has been less well defined. We sought to report the long-term outcome of patients with moderate hypoplastic right ventricle who had undergone the procedure. DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND PATIENTS: We performed a retrospective analysis on patients who had undergone transcatheter pulmonary valve perforation from January 1996 to January 2015 at our institution...
September 21, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218337/agricultural-environmental-total-factor-productivity-in-china-under-technological-heterogeneity-characteristics-and-determinants
#9
Haibin Han, Zhangqi Zhong, Changcun Wen, Huiguo Sun
With limited resources, growing environment constraints and downward pressure on the economy, increasing agricultural environmental total factor productivity (AETFP) and its contribution to agricultural growth is significant for transforming agricultural development to make it more resource efficient and environment-friendly. This paper considered technological heterogeneity in different regions of China and measured AETFP in 30 provinces from 1997 to 2015 using the Metafrontier Malmquist-Luenberger (MML) productivity index...
September 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209782/oral-ganglioside-supplement-improves-growth-and-development-in-patients-with-ganglioside-gm3-synthase-deficiency
#10
Heng Wang, Valerie Sency, Paul McJarrow, Alicia Bright, Qianyang Huang, Karen Cechner, Julia Szekely, JoAnn Brace, Andi Wang, Danting Liu, Angela Rowan, Max Wiznitzer, Aimin Zhou, Baozhong Xin
Ganglioside GM3 synthase is a key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of gangliosides. GM3 synthase deficiency (GM3D) causes an absence of GM3 and all downstream biosynthetic derivatives. The affected individuals manifest with severe irritability, intractable seizures, and profound intellectual disability. The current study is to assess the effects of an oral ganglioside supplement to patients with GM3D, particularly on their growth and development during early childhood. A total of 13 young children, 11 of them under 40 months old, received oral ganglioside supplement through a dairy product enriched in gangliosides, for an average of 34 months...
September 13, 2018: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209275/birth-weight-and-catch-up-growth-are-associated-with-childhood-impulsivity-in-two-independent-cohorts
#11
Patrícia P Silveira, Irina Pokhvisneva, Hélène Gaudreau, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Birit F P Broekman, Meir Steiner, Robert Levitan, Carine Parent, Josie Diorio, Michael J Meaney
Individuals born after intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are more impulsive towards palatable foods, but it is not clear 1) if IUGR-related impulsivity is specific for foods and solely based on response inhibition and 2) if the development of impulsivity is due to being born IUGR per se or to growing up fast in the first few years of life (catch up growth). Children were classified in the IUGR group if the birth weight ratio was below 0.85. Delta z score for BMI was used as a measure of catch up growth...
September 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194331/height-at-three-months-can-indicate-overweight-at-two-years-in-catch-up-growth-of-small-for-gestational-age-infants
#12
Shi Chen, Zeyu Liu, Huijuan Zhu, Hongbo Yang, Fengying Gong, Linjie Wang, Yu Jiang, Chengsheng Yan, Jianqiang Li, Qing Wang, Hui Pan
This study aimed to find an indicator at three months to predict overweight and short stature at two years in small for gestational age (SGA) infants. A total of 468 SGA infants and 4642 appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants were included. Weight and height were measured at birth, three months and two years. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed for the catch-up growth. As compared to AGA infants, the weight of SGA infants was lower and the length/height was shorter at birth, three months, and two years...
September 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30185921/brown-adipose-tissue-in-prepubertal-children-associations-with-sex-birthweight-and-metabolic-profile
#13
Rita Malpique, José Miguel Gallego-Escuredo, Giorgia Sebastiani, Joan Villarroya, Abel López-Bermejo, Francis de Zegher, Francesc Villarroya, Lourdes Ibáñez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Individuals born small-for-gestational age (SGA), especially those who experience postnatal catch-up growth, are at increased risk for developing endocrine-metabolic abnormalities before puberty. In adults, brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been associated with protection against metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and dyslipidaemia. Here, we assessed for the first time whether BAT activation differs between prepubertal children born SGA or appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA)...
September 5, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30177467/liraglutide-protects-%C3%AE-cell-function-by-reversing-histone-modification-of-pdx-1-proximal-promoter-in-catch-up-growth-male-rats
#14
Ming Gao, Xiu-Ling Deng, Zhen-Hua Liu, Hui-Jie Song, Juan Zheng, Zhen-Hai Cui, Kang-Li Xiao, Lu-Lu Chen, Hui-Qing Li
AIMS: Catch-up growth after a period of nutritional deprivation in adulthood is related to the onset of metabolic disorders. This process involves chromatin remodelling of the Pdx-1 gene in pancreas. The objective of this study was to determine the chromatin remodelling mechanism of GLP-1 analogue Liraglutide upon Pdx-1 in catch-up growth rats in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Five-week-old male specific pathogen free (SPF) Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal group, catch-up growth group and Liraglutide group...
November 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176807/mode-of-infant-feeding-eating-behaviour-and-anthropometry-in-infants-at-6-months-of-age-born-to-obese-women-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-upbeat-trial
#15
Nashita Patel, Kathryn V Dalrymple, Annette L Briley, Dharmintra Pasupathy, Paul T Seed, Angela C Flynn, Lucilla Poston
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity and rapid infant weight gain have been associated with increased risk of obesity in childhood. Breastfeeding is suggested to be protective against childhood obesity, but no previous study has addressed the potential benefit of breastfeeding as a preventive method of childhood obesity amongst obese women. The primary aim of this study was to assess the relationship between mode of feeding and body composition, growth and eating behaviours in 6-month-old infants of obese women who participated in UPBEAT; a multi-centre randomised controlled trial comparing a lifestyle intervention of diet and physical activity to standard care during pregnancy...
September 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30166640/weight-and-height-growth-of-malnourished-school-age-children-during-re-feeding-three-historic-studies-published-shortly-after-world-war-i
#16
REVIEW
M Hermanussen, M Bilogub, A C Lindl, D Harper, L Mansukoski, C Scheffler
BACKGROUND: In view of the ongoing debate on "chronic malnutrition" and the concept of "stunting" as "a better measure than underweight of the cumulative effects of undernutrition and infection (WHO)", we translate, briefly comment and re-publish three seminal historic papers on catch-up growth following re-feeding after severe food restriction of German children during and after World War I. The observations were published in 1920 and 1922, and appear to be of particular interest to the modern nutritionist...
August 30, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157992/healthy-and-concentrated-cannabis-plants-how-to-use-acronyms-to-optimize-production
#17
Markus Roggen
In an industry that has only recently and slowly moved out of the shadows of illegality, regulations and guidelines for cannabis product safety are just catching up to the standards of other industries. Often, our industry has had to introduce best practices and self-regulation to ensure the safety of our products and customers, as well as to help any regulating body in building such frameworks. This article will focus on how OutCo has implemented Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) protocols to ensure the safety of every aspect of the production pipeline...
August 29, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148444/growth-and-body-mass-index-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-effects-of-second-line-treatments
#18
Achille Marino, Stefano Stagi, Gabriele Simonini, Niccolò Carli, Maria Costanza Caparello, Teresa Giani, Ilaria Pagnini, Salvatore De Masi, Rolando Cimaz
OBJECTIVES: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) may affect natural growth. The aim of the study has been to assess auxological parameters of JIA patients, receiving different anti-rheumatic treatments. METHODS: This is a retrospective study; JIA patients were recruited from the Rheumatology Unit of Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital of Florence, Italy from March 1996 to June 2016. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-two patients were included in the current study...
July 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30143447/clinical-response-to-growth-hormone-in-children-with-intrauterine-growth-retardation-without-catch-up-growth-in-castilla-y-le%C3%A3-n-spain
#19
Eduardo Gutiérrez-Abejón, Eva P Campo-Ortega, Pablo Prieto-Matos, María P Bahíllo-Curieses, María T Breñas-Villalón, Nieves Martín-Sobrino
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Growth hormone (rhGH) is used in children with intrauterine growth retardation without catch-up growth. The Advisory Committee of Castilla y León was implemented in 2010 to watch for consistent application of the criteria for using rhGH. The aim is to assess anthropometric and clinical changes in children treated with growth hormone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, longitudinal study of patients diagnosed with intrauterine growth retardation without catch-up growth in Castilla y León since 2010 who have received treatment for at least 3 years...
August 21, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140070/early-life-growth-of-preterm-infants-and-its-impact-on-neurodevelopment
#20
Charlotte A Ruys, Jonneke J Hollanders, Tinka Bröring, Petra E M van Schie, Sylvia M van der Pal, Monique van de Lagemaat, Harrie N Lafeber, Joost Rotteveel, Martijn J J Finken
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of preterm-born children survive nowadays, and improving long-term health and neurodevelopment is becoming more important. Early-life growth has been linked to neurodevelopmental outcomes. We aimed to study whether this association has changed with time. METHODS: We studied two cohorts of preterm-born children (gestational age ≤32 weeks and/or birth weight ≤1500 g) from 1983 (n = 708) and 2003-2006 (n = 138), respectively...
August 16, 2018: Pediatric Research
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