keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fluid intelligence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780346/response-inhibition-and-interference-suppression-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-compared-to-typically-developing-children
#1
Laura Traverso, Martina Fontana, Maria Carmen Usai, Maria C Passolunghi
The present study aims to investigate inhibition in individuals with Down Syndrome compared to typically developing children with different inhibitory tasks tapping response inhibition and interference suppression. Previous studies that aimed to investigate inhibition in individuals with Down Syndrome reported contradictory results that are difficult to compare given the different types of inhibitory tasks used and the lack of reference to a theoretical model of inhibition that was tested in children (see Bunge et al...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776624/cognition-and-objectively-measured-sleep-duration-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Michelle A Short, Sarah Blunden, Gabrielle Rigney, Lisa Matricciani, Scott Coussens, Chelsea M Reynolds, Barbara Galland
BACKGROUND: Sleep recommendations are widely used to guide communities on children's sleep needs. Following recent adjustments to guidelines by the National Sleep Foundation and the subsequent consensus statement by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, we undertook a systematic literature search to evaluate the current evidence regarding relationships between objectively measured sleep duration and cognitive function in children aged 5 to 13 years. METHODS: Cognitive function included measures of memory, attention, processing speed, and intelligence in children aged 5 to 13 years...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765350/cognitive-and-personality-components-underlying-spoken-idiom-comprehension-in-context-an-exploratory-study
#3
Cristina Cacciari, Paola Corrardini, Fabio Ferlazzo
In this exploratory study, we investigated whether and to what extent individual differences in cognitive and personality variables are associated with spoken idiom comprehension in context. Language unimpaired participants were enrolled in a cross-modal lexical decision study in which semantically ambiguous Italian idioms (i.e., strings with both a literal and an idiomatic interpretation as, for instance, break the ice ), predictable or unpredictable before the string offset, were embedded in idiom-biasing contexts...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740298/working-memory-updating-training-improves-mathematics-performance-in-middle-school-students-with-learning-difficulties
#4
Hongxia Zhang, Lei Chang, Xiaoying Chen, Liang Ma, Renlai Zhou
Working memory (WM) deficit is considered the key cause of learning difficulties (LDs). Studies have shown that WM is plastic and thus can be improved through training. This positive effect is transferable to fluid intelligence and academic performance. This study investigated whether WM updating ability and academic performance in children with LDs could be improved through WM updating training and explored the effects of this training on the children's brain activity. We used a running memory task lasting approximately 40 min per day for 28 days to train a group of 23 children with LDs (TLDs group)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720699/the-role-of-intelligence-in-social-learning
#5
Alexander Vostroknutov, Luca Polonio, Giorgio Coricelli
Studies in cultural evolution have uncovered many types of social learning strategies that are adaptive in certain environments. The efficiency of these strategies also depends on the individual characteristics of both the observer and the demonstrator. We investigate the relationship between intelligence and the ways social and individual information is utilised to make decisions in an uncertain environment. We measure fluid intelligence and study experimentally how individuals learn from observing the choices of a demonstrator in a 2-armed bandit problem with changing probabilities of a reward...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710020/-a-15-year-old-girl-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-presenting-with-sensorineural-hearing-impairment-and-cerebral-while-matter-lesions-but-no-intellectual-disability
#6
Keiichi Nakagawa, Masato Kadoya, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Katsunori Ikewaki, Kenichi Kaida
A 15-year-old girl presented with non-progressive sensorineural hearing impairment in her right ear since her early childhood. She had normal intellectual development. When she was 15 years old, small deep white matter lesions around the lateral ventricles were incidentally detected in brain MRI studies through further investigation of auditory organs. Laboratory data including cerebrospinal fluid analysis and antibodies to aquaporin-4 or myelin-oligodendrocyte glycoprotein were normal. She was diagnosed as a congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection based on the detection of CMV DNA from preserved umbilical cord tissue by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
April 28, 2018: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708000/working-memory-and-intraindividual-variability-in-response-time-mediate-fluid-intelligence-deficits-associated-with-adhd-symptomology
#7
Christopher R Brydges, Krista L Ozolnieks, Gareth Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To determine if decreased fluid intelligence was associated with ADHD, and was mediated by deficits in working memory and intraindividual variability in motor responding. METHOD: The present study tested 142 young adults from the general population on a range of working memory, response time, and fluid intelligence tasks, and an ADHD self-report symptoms questionnaire. RESULTS: Total and hyperactive ADHD symptoms correlated significantly and negatively with fluid intelligence, but this association was fully mediated by both working memory and intraindividual variability in response time...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707655/the-neural-determinants-of-age-related-changes-in-fluid-intelligence-a-pre-registered-longitudinal-analysis-in-uk-biobank
#8
Rogier A Kievit, Delia Fuhrmann, Gesa Sophia Borgeest, Ivan L Simpson-Kent, Richard N A Henson
Background:  Fluid intelligence declines with advancing age, starting in early adulthood. Within-subject declines in fluid intelligence are highly correlated with contemporaneous declines in the ability to live and function independently. To support healthy aging, the mechanisms underlying these declines need to be better understood. Methods:  In this pre-registered analysis, we applied latent growth curve modelling to investigate the neural determinants of longitudinal changes in fluid intelligence across three time points in 185,317 individuals (N=9,719 two waves, N=870 three waves) from the UK Biobank (age range: 39-73 years)...
2018: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691649/training-and-transfer-effects-of-interference-control-training-in-children-and-young-adults
#9
Xin Zhao, Lina Jia
Many studies have examined transfer of working memory (WM) training improvements to non-trained cognitive tasks, with largely disappointing results. Interference control has been suggested to be a central feature of WM. However, studies examining transfer effects of a training program exclusively and directly targeting interference control are lacking. Forty-one 10‒12 year-old children and 47 19‒24 year-old adults were assigned to an adaptive interference control training or active control condition. Transfer of training effects to tasks measuring interference control, response inhibition, WM updating, task-switching, and non-verbal fluid intelligence were assessed during a 3-month follow-up session and/or an immediate post-training session...
April 24, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690744/-advances-in-the-research-of-application-of-artificial-intelligence-in-burn-field
#10
H H Li, Z X Bao, X B Liu, S H Zhu
Artificial intelligence has been able to automatically learn and judge large-scale data to some extent. Based on database of a large amount of burn data and in-depth learning, artificial intelligence can assist burn surgeons to evaluate burn surface, diagnose burn depth, guide fluid supply during shock stage, and predict prognosis, with high accuracy. With the development of technology, artificial intelligence can provide more accurate information for burn surgeons to make clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690735/-lay-emphasis-on-circulatory-state-research-after-fluid-resuscitation-in-early-burns
#11
Q Zhang, Y Q Tang
In this article, we discuss future development of circulatory state research after fluid resuscitation in early burns from its history and difficulties confronted. We believe that the Chinese fluid resuscitation formula to predict initial volume of fluid infusion of extensive burn patients is still useful and effective, while we should attach more importance to advances in the research of burn pathophysiology, basic theory and clinical practices of Chinese fluid resuscitation formula, so as to provide strategy of fluid resuscitation in early burns for international burn world...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684024/crystallized-and-fluid-intelligence-of-university-students-with-intellectual-disability-who-are-fully-integrated-versus-those-who-studied-in-adapted-enrichment-courses
#12
Hefziba Lifshitz, Jay Verkuilen, Shlomit Shnitzer-Meirovich, Carmit Altman
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of people with intellectual disability (ID) in higher postsecondary academic education is on the rise. However, there are no scientific criteria for determining the eligibility for full inclusion of students with ID in university courses. This study focuses on two models of academic inclusion for students with ID: (a) separate adapted enrichment model: students with ID study in separate enrichment courses adapted to their level; (b) full inclusion model: students with ID are included in undergraduate courses, receive academic credits and are expected to accumulate the amount of credits for a B...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667272/different-brain-networks-underlying-intelligence-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Emmanuel Peng Kiat Pua, Charles B Malpas, Stephen C Bowden, Marc L Seal
There has been sustained clinical and cognitive neuroscience research interest in how network correlates of brain-behavior relationships might be altered in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. As previous work has mostly focused on adults, the nature of whole-brain connectivity networks underlying intelligence in pediatric cohorts with abnormal neurodevelopment requires further investigation. We used network-based statistics (NBS) to examine the association between resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) connectivity and fluid intelligence ability in male children (n = 50) with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD; M = 10...
April 17, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663286/how-holistic-processing-of-faces-relates-to-cognitive-control-and-intelligence
#14
Isabel Gauthier, Kao-Wei Chua, Jennifer J Richler
The Vanderbilt Holistic Processing Test for faces (VHPT-F) is the first standard test designed to measure individual differences in holistic processing. The test measures failures of selective attention to face parts through congruency effects, an operational definition of holistic processing. However, this conception of holistic processing has been challenged by the suggestion that it may tap into the same selective attention or cognitive control mechanisms that yield congruency effects in Stroop and Flanker paradigms...
April 16, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663129/effects-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-on-cognitive-performance
#15
Joseph L Etherton, Crystal D Oberle, Jayson Rhoton, Ashley Ney
Research on the cognitive benefits of working memory training programs has produced inconsistent results. Such research has frequently used laboratory-specific training tasks, or dual-task n-back training. The current study used the commercial Cogmed Working Memory (WM) Training program, involving several different training tasks involving visual and auditory input. Healthy college undergraduates were assigned to either the full Cogmed training program of 25, 40-min training sessions; an abbreviated Cogmed program of 25, 20-min training sessions; or a no-contact control group...
April 16, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657606/early-biliary-drainage-is-associated-with-favourable-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-acute-cholangitis
#16
Mohammed Aboelsoud, Osama Siddique, Alexander Morales, Young Seol, Mazen Al-Qadi
Introduction: Acute cholangitis (AC) is a clinical condition that requires prompt medical management with IV fluids, antibiotics, and biliary drainage (BD). The optimal timing for BD remains unclear. Aim: To investigate the effect of biliary drainage timing on clinical outcomes in AC. Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with AC admitted to the ICU using the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649503/modulating-fluid-intelligence-performance-through-combined-cognitive-training-and-brain-stimulation
#17
Anna-Katharine Brem, Jessamy Norton-Ford Almquist, Karen Mansfield, Franziska Plessow, Francesco Sella, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Umut Orhan, James McKanna, Misha Pavel, Santosh Mathan, Nick Yeung, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Roi Cohen Kadosh, On Behalf Of Honeywell Sharp Team Authors
It is debated whether cognitive training of specific executive functions leads to far transfer effects, such as improvements in fluid intelligence (Gf). Within this context, transcranial direct current stimulation and recently also novel protocols such as transcranial random noise and alternating current stimulation are being investigated with regards to their ability to enhance cognitive training outcomes. We compared the effects of four different transcranial electrical brain stimulation protocols in combination with nine daily computerized training sessions on Gf...
April 9, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648873/the-benefits-of-retrieval-practice-depend-on-item-difficulty-and-intelligence
#18
Meredith Minear, Jennifer H Coane, Sarah C Boland, Leah H Cooney, Marissa Albat
The authors examined whether individual differences in fluid intelligence (gF) modulate the testing effect. Participants studied Swahili-English word pairs and repeatedly studied half the pairs or attempted retrieval, with feedback, for the remaining half. Word pairs were easy or difficult to learn. Overall, participants showed a benefit of testing over restudy. However, almost 1/3 of the sample had a negative testing effect and benefitted more from restudy than testing, as well as performing better overall...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619002/eye-movements-and-cognitive-strategy-in-a-fluid-intelligence-test-item-type-analysis
#19
Paulo G Laurence, Tatiana P Mecca, Alexandre Serpa, Romain Martin, Elizeu C Macedo
Eye movements help to infer the cognitive strategy that a person uses in fluid intelligence tests. However, intelligence tests demand different relations/rules tokens to be solved, such as rule direction, which is the continuation, variation or overlay of geometric figures in the matrix of the intelligence test. The aim of this study was to understand whether eye movements could predict the outcome of an intelligence test and in the rule item groups. Furthermore, we sought to identify which measure is best for predicting intelligence test scores and to understand if the rule item groups use the same strategy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607257/the-leuven-embedded-figures-test-l-eft-measuring-perception-intelligence-or-executive-function
#20
Hanne Huygelier, Ruth Van der Hallen, Johan Wagemans, Lee de-Wit, Rebecca Chamberlain
Performance on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) has been interpreted as a reflection of local/global perceptual style, weak central coherence and/or field independence, as well as a measure of intelligence and executive function. The variable ways in which EFT findings have been interpreted demonstrate that the construct validity of this measure is unclear. In order to address this lack of clarity, we investigated to what extent performance on a new Embedded Figures Test (L-EFT) correlated with measures of intelligence, executive functions and estimates of local/global perceptual styles...
2018: PeerJ
keyword
keyword
16807
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"