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CHC Theory

Emma E Buchtel, Leo C Y Ng, Ara Norenzayan, Steven J Heine, Jeremy C Biesanz, Sylvia Xiaohua Chen, Michael Harris Bond, Qin Peng, Yanjie Su
In this investigation of cultural differences in the experience of obligation, we distinguish between Confucian Role Ethics versus Relative Autonomy lay theories of motivation and illustrate them with data showing relevant cultural differences in both social judgments and intrapersonal experience. First, when judging others, Western European heritage culture (WEHC) participants (relative to Confucian heritage culture [CHC] participants) judged obligation-motivated actors more negatively than those motivated by agency (Study 1, N = 529)...
May 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Shannon L Webb, Vanessa Loh, Amit Lampit, Joel E Bateman, Damian P Birney
The growing prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders associated with aging and cognitive decline has generated increasing cross-disciplinary interest in non-pharmacological interventions, such as computerized cognitive training (CCT), which may prevent or slow cognitive decline. However, inconsistent findings across meta-analytic reviews in the field suggest a lack of cross-disciplinary consensus and on-going debate regarding the benefits of CCT. We posit that a contributing factor is the lack of a theoretically-based taxonomy of constructs and representative tasks typically used...
May 3, 2018: Neuropsychology Review
Shuaiwei Wang, Donghai Wu, Baocheng Yang, Eli Ruckenstein, Houyang Chen
Classic two-dimensional (2D) graphene possesses outstanding properties due to Dirac cone structures. When scaling up to three-dimensional (3D) structures, their high porosity and large surface-area-to-volume ratio made them have more promising engineering perspectives. However, the currently synthesized and density-functional-theory-predicted 3D graphene structures, termed as carbon honeycombs (CHCs), are metallic. Herein, we propose new families of stable semimetallic CHC structures, which have lower energies than the previous experimentally reported structure and they would be realized experimentally...
February 8, 2018: Nanoscale
Hyun-Sun Park, Arum Han, Hye-Lim Yeo, Min-Jung Park, Min-Jung You, Hyun Jin Choi, Chang-Won Hong, Sang-Hyuk Lee, Seung Hyun Kim, Borah Kim, Min-Soo Kwon
Major depression has various types of symptoms and disease courses with inconsistent response to monoamine-related antidepressants. Thus, monoamine theory may not be the only pathophysiologic pathway relevant to depression. Recently, it has been suggested that regulatory T cell (Treg) is associated with depression. Based on our previous study that showed decreased regulatory T cell (Treg) population following chronic high-dose captopril (CHC, 40 mg/kg/day * 21 days) administration, we examined whether CHC alone can induce depressive-like behaviors in mice even without stressful stimuli...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Loes van Aken, Paul T van der Heijden, Wouter Oomens, Roy P C Kessels, Jos I M Egger
The neuropsychological construct of executive functions (EFs), and the psychometric Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities are both approaches that attempt to describe cognitive functioning. The coherence between EF and CHC abilities has been mainly studied using factor-analytical techniques. Through multivariate regression analysis, the current study now assesses the integration of these latent constructs in clinical assessment. The predictive power of six widely used executive tasks on five CHC measures (crystallized and fluid intelligence, visual processing, short-term memory, and processing speed) is examined...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
Mehrangiz Torkzadeh, Majid Moosavi
The structural and dynamical properties of two cholinium-based naphthenic acid ionic liquids (CBNAILs), namely, cholinium cyclopentane carboxylate ([CH][CPC]) and cholinium cyclohexane carboxylate ([CH][CHC]) have been studied using the classical molecular dynamics simulations and quantum mechanical methods. The results have also been compared with corresponding aromatic ones. Interaction energies, charge transfers, and hydrogen bondings between the studied ion pairs were investigated by density functional theory calculations and also the theory of atoms in molecules...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Jennifer D Hall, Rose L Harding, Jennifer E DeVoe, Rachel Gold, Heather Angier, Aleksandra Sumic, Christine A Nelson, Sonja Likumahuwa-Ackman, Deborah J Cohen
BACKGROUND: Changes in health insurance policies have increased coverage opportunities, but enrollees are required to annually reapply for benefits which, if not managed appropriately, can lead to insurance gaps. Electronic health records (EHRs) can automate processes for assisting patients with health insurance enrollment and re-enrollment. OBJECTIVE: We describe community health centers' (CHC) workflow, documentation, and tracking needs for assisting families with insurance application processes, and the health information technology (IT) tool components that were developed to meet those needs...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
The Woodcock-Johnson (fourth edition; WJ IV; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014a) was recently redeveloped and retains its linkage to Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory (CHC). Independent reviews (e.g., Canivez, 2017) and investigations (Dombrowski, McGill, & Canivez, 2017) of the structure of the WJ IV full test battery and WJ IV Cognitive have suggested the need for additional factor analytic exploration. Accordingly, the present study used principal axis factoring (PAF) followed by the Schmid and Leiman (SL; Schmid & Leiman, 1957) procedure with the 2 school-aged correlation matrices from the normative sample to determine the degree to which the WJ IV total battery structure could be replicated...
July 27, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
Marjolein J A M van Dijk, Tom Claassen, Christiany Suwartono, William M van der Veld, Paul T van der Heijden, Marc P H Hendriks
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the WAIS-IV in the U.S. in 2008, efforts have been made to explore the structural validity by applying factor analysis to various samples. This study aims to achieve a more fine-grained understanding of the structure of the Dutch language version of the WAIS-IV (WAIS-IV-NL) by applying an alternative analysis based on causal modeling in addition to confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The Bayesian Constraint-based Causal Discovery (BCCD) algorithm learns underlying network structures directly from data and assesses more complex structures than is possible with factor analysis...
August 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Benjamin A Clough, Simona Mellino, Eric Clot, Philip Mountford
We report a combined synthetic, mechanistic, and theoretical study of the first borylimido complex of a rare earth metal, (NacNac(NMe2))Sc{NB(NAr'CH)2} (25, Ar' = 2,6-C6H3(i)Pr2, NacNac(NMe2) = Ar'NC(Me)CHC(Me)NCH2CH2NMe2). Thermolysis of the methyl-borylamide (NacNac(NMe2))Sc(Me){NHB(NAr'CH)2} (18) generated transient imide 25 via rate-determining, first-order methane elimination (KIE ≈ 8.7). In the absence of external substrate, 25 underwent a reversible cyclometalation reaction (sp(3) C-H bond addition to Sc═Nimide) with a methyl group of the NacNac(NMe2) ligand forming {MeC(NC6H3(i)PrCH(Me)CH2)CHC(Me)NCH2CH2NMe2}Sc{NHB(NAr'CH)2} (21)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Shivraj, Anup Thomas, B Siddlingeshwar, Sharanabasappa B Patil
The UV/Vis absorption and fluorescence characteristics of 3-cyano-7-hydroxycoumarin [CHC] and 7-amino-4-methyl-3-coumarinylacetic acid [AMCA-H] were studied at room temperature in several neat solvents and binary solvent mixtures of 1,4-dioxane/acetonitrile. The effects of solvent on the spectral properties are analyzed using single and multi-parameter solvent polarity scales. Both general solute/solvent interactions and hydrogen bond interactions are operative in these systems. The solvation of CHC and AMCA-H dyes in 1,4-dioxane/acetonitrile solvent mixtures has been studied...
November 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Gary L Canivez, Marley W Watkins, Rebecca Good, Kate James, Trevor James
BACKGROUND: Irish educational psychologists frequently use the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth UK Edition (WISC-IV(UK) ; Wechsler, 2004, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth UK Edition, London, UK, Harcourt Assessment) in clinical assessments of children with learning difficulties. Unfortunately, reliability and validity studies of the WISC-IV(UK) standardization sample have not yet been reported. Watkins et al. (2013, International Journal of School and Educational Psychology, 1, 102) found support for a bifactor structure with a large sample (N = 794) of Irish children who were administered the 10 WISC-IV(UK) core subtests in clinical assessments of learning difficulties and dominance of general intelligence...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Nancy VanDevanter, Pritika Kumar, Nam Nguyen, Linh Nguyen, Trang Nguyen, Frances Stillman, Bryan Weiner, Donna Shelley
BACKGROUND: Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam. Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), prior to implementing the trial, we conducted formative research to (1) identify factors that may influence guideline implementation and (2) inform further modifications to the intervention that may be necessary to translate a model of care delivery from a high-income country (HIC) to the local context of a LMIC...
February 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
J Rapkin, K Jensen, C M House, S K Sakaluk, J K Sakaluk, J Hunt
The condition dependence of male sexual traits plays a central role in sexual selection theory. Relatively little, however, is known about the condition dependence of chemical signals used in mate choice and their subsequent effects on male mating success. Furthermore, few studies have isolated the specific nutrients responsible for condition-dependent variation in male sexual traits. Here, we used nutritional geometry to determine the effect of protein (P) and carbohydrate (C) intake on male cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) expression and mating success in male decorated crickets (Gryllodes sigillatus)...
April 2017: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
May Sudhinaraset, Emily Treleaven, Jason Melo, Kanksha Singh, Nadia Diamond-Smith
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of women in healthcare settings during childbirth has been gaining attention globally. Mistreatment during childbirth directly and indirectly affects health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and the likelihood of delivering in a facility currently or in the future. It is important that we study patients' reports of mistreatment and abuse to develop a deeper understanding of how it is perpetrated, its consequences, and to identify potential points of intervention...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Frank Gerhards, Nicole Griebel, Jan Runsink, Gerhard Raabe, Hans-Joachim Gais
X-ray crystal structure analysis of the lithiated allylic α-sulfonyl carbanions [CH2 CHC(Me)SO2 Ph]Li⋅diglyme, [cC6 H8 SO2 tBu]Li⋅PMDETA and [cC7 H10 SO2 tBu]Li⋅PMDETA showed dimeric and monomeric CIPs, having nearly planar anionic C atoms, only OLi bonds, almost planar allylic units with strong CC bond length alternation and the s-trans conformation around C1C2. They adopt a C1S conformation, which is similar to the one generally found for alkyl and aryl substituted α-sulfonyl carbanions...
December 1, 2015: Chemistry: a European Journal
Loes van Aken, Paul T van der Heijden, William M van der Veld, Laureen Hermans, Roy P C Kessels, Jos I M Egger
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities has been guiding in the revision of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth edition (WAIS-IV). Especially the measurement of fluid reasoning (Gf) is improved. A total of five CHC abilities are included in the WAIS-IV subtests. Using confirmatory factor analysis, a five-factor model based on these CHC abilities is evaluated and compared with the four index scores in the Dutch-language version of the WAIS-IV. Both models demonstrate moderate fit, preference is given to the five-factor CHC model both on statistical and theoretical grounds...
June 2017: Assessment
Rick Thompson, Ba L Tran, Soumya Ghosh, Chun-Hsing Chen, Maren Pink, Xinfeng Gao, Patrick J Carroll, Mu-Hyun Baik, Daniel J Mindiola
In this study we enumerate the reactivity for two molecular vanadium nitrido complexes of [(nacnac)V≡N(X)] formulation [nacnac = (Ar)NC(Me)CHC(Me)(Ar)(-), Ar = 2,6-(CHMe2)2C6H3); X(-) = OAr (1) and N(4-Me-C6H4)2 (Ntolyl2) (2)]. Density functional theory calculations and reactivity studies indicate the nitride motif to have nucleophilic character, but where the nitrogen atom can serve as a conduit for electron transfer, thus allowing the reduction of the vanadium(V) metal ion with concurrent oxidation of the incoming substrate...
March 16, 2015: Inorganic Chemistry
Marcia Gardner
OBJECTIVE: To describe maternal caregiving and related strategies used by first-time mothers of young infants with complex health conditions (CHC) in the first 6 months after discharge. DESIGN: Grounded theory. SETTING: Data were collected in participants' homes in the Northeast United States. PARTICIPANTS: Eight first-time mothers of infants age 6 months or younger with CHC. METHODS: Purposive and theoretical sampling were used...
November 2014: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Hong-Fang Ji, Yan Sun, Liang Shen
OBJECTIVE: The antioxidant vitamin E has been extensively employed to treat chronic liver diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of vitamin E supplementation in lowering alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and chronic hepatitis C (CHC). METHODS: We searched all publications in PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases up to June 2013...
September 2014: Nutrition
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