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Adductor longus

Andreas Serner, Andrea Britt Mosler, Johannes L Tol, Roald Bahr, Adam Weir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Olivier Rager, Marlise Picarra, Emmanouil Astrinakis, Valentina Garibotto, Gaël Amzalag
A 23-year-old African native male patient presented with fever, lumbalgia and dysuria after returning from a trip to Togo. His physical examination revealed pain over the pubic symphysis and rectal tenderness on digital exam. The C-reactive protein (CRP) level was elevated along with positive blood and urinary cultures for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus . An magnetic resonance imaging that has been performed to rule out arthritis/osteomyelitis in the pubis revealed edema of the symphysis. An 18 F-FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography supported the diagnosis of prostate infection and showed a focal uptake of the pubic symphysis, with diffuse hyper-metabolism of the insertions of the rectus abdominis and longus adductor muscles, corresponding to athletic pubalgia...
October 9, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy
Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi, Abbey Thomas
CONTEXT: Hamstring and quadriceps activity adaptations are well known in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament deficiency (ACLD) and reconstructed (ACLR) to potentially compensate for knee joint instability. However, few studies have explored hip muscles activity patterns after ACL injury. OBJECTIVE: to examine the activation characteristics of gluteus medius (GMED) and adductor longus (AL) in ACLR and ACLD subjects compared to controls. DESIGN: case-control study...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Benton A Emblom, Taylor Mathis, Kyle Aune
Background: A rectus abdominis-adductor longus (RA-AL) aponeurotic plate injury, commonly associated with athletic pubalgia, sports hernia, or a core muscle injury, causes significant dysfunction in athletes. Increased recognition of this specific injury distinct from inguinal hernia abnormalities has led to better management of this debilitating condition. Hypothesis: Surgical repair of RA-AL aponeurotic plate injuries will result in decreased symptoms and high rates of return to play...
September 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Michel De Maeseneer, Nicolas Moyson, Leon Lenchik, Erik Cattrysse, Aldo Scafoglieri, Ruben Roose, Maryam Shahabpour
OBJECTIVE: To perform an MR imaging-anatomical correlation to elucidate the anatomy of muscles, tendons, and ligaments about the hallux as seen on MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four fresh and 4 embalmed cadaver specimens were used for this study. The embalmed specimens and one fresh specimen were dissected by three investigators. The fresh specimens were preserved deep frozen. They were thawed and imaged with a 3 T MR system. Proton density weighted images were obtained...
September 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Kimberly Ashayeri, Nikhil Sahasrabudhe, Vladimir Galic, Aleksandar Beric, Michael Smith
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective analysis of electromyographic (EMG) stimulation thresholds of 64 cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screws. OBJECTIVE: The authors seek to determine whether recordings below stimulation threshold correlate with CBT screw pedicle breach on computed tomographic imaging, and to explore which specific nerve roots are most at risk with this new trajectory. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Intraoperative EMG monitoring has been utilized to verify accurate placement of pedicle screws...
October 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
Sophelia Hoi Shan Chan, Nens van Alfen, Inger Johanne Thuestad, Janice Ip, Angel On-Kei Chan, Christopher Mak, Brian Hon-Yin Chung, Aad Verrips, Erik-Jan Kamsteeg
We describe four unrelated patients with the same de novo heterozygous missense mutation c.751C>T in the DYNC1H1 gene. We found a high phenotype-genotype correlation with all four patients having early childhood-onset predominant lower limb muscle weakness and wasting which was slowly progressing and later-onset mild upper extremities proximal weakness. All four patients presented minor cognitive dysfunction with learning difficulty and developmental behavioural comorbidities with mild abnormalities in the brain MRI...
September 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Kohei Watanabe, Hiroyuki Nunome, Koichiro Inoue, Takahiro Iga, Hiroshi Akima
A possible link between soccer-specific injuries, such as groin pain and the action of hip adductor muscles has been suggested. This study aimed to investigate neuromuscular activation of the adductor magnus (AM) and longus (AL) muscles during instep and side-foot soccer kicks. Eight university soccer players performed the two types of kick at 50%, 75% and 100% of the maximal ball speed. Surface electromyography (EMG) was recorded from the AM, AL, vastus lateralis (VL) and biceps femoris (BF) muscles of both kicking and supporting legs and the kicking motions were three-dimensionally captured...
August 13, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
David A Krause, Joshua J Elliott, Domenic F Fraboni, Taylor J McWilliams, Rachel L Rebhan, John H Hollman
Background: The lunge is a closed kinetic chain exercise that athletes frequently use as part of training and rehabilitative programs. While typically performed on a stable surface, modifications include the use of balance platforms to create an unstable surface and suspension equipment. Suspension training exercises are theorized to be higher demand exercises and may be considered a progression from exercises on stable surfaces. Comparison of muscle recruitment between the suspended lunge and the standard lunge has not been reported...
April 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Nemi M Shah, Lindsey A Jackson, John N Phelan, Marlene M Corton
BACKGROUND: Mesh resection for refractory pain after transobturator midurethral sling may require exploration of structures different than those involved in insertion. Our objective was to describe the muscular and neurovascular anatomy of the medial thigh compartment. METHODS: Dissections were performed in unembalmed female cadavers. Relationships of medial thigh structures were evaluated relative to the midpubic arch and obturator nerve. An out-to-in transobturator tape was passed in a subset of cadavers, and its relationships to the obturator nerve and adductor muscles were examined...
July 24, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Andreas Serner, Andrea Britt Mosler, Johannes L Tol, Roald Bahr, Adam Weir
BACKGROUND: Change of direction and kicking have been described as the main actions resulting in adductor longus injury. Video descriptions of inciting events are lacking. OBJECTIVE: Perform a standardised visual video analysis of a series of acute adductor longus injuries in football. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Video footage was reviewed by players, and assessed independently by five sports medicine professionals...
July 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Kyle Feldman, Carla Franck, Christine Schauerte
INTRODUCTION: Without a definitive single pathoanatomical origin for groin pain, management is difficult. The purpose of this case report is to describe the differential diagnosis and management of an individual with a traumatic groin strain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 47-year-old sedentary male truck driver presented to physical therapy with a 2-month history of right medial groin pain. Pushing the gas pedal and sitting were painful activities. Pain was 3-8/10 on the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS)...
July 6, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Myriame Bou Antoun, Gilles Reboul, Maxime Ronot, Amandine Crombe, Nicolas Poussange, Lionel Pesquer
Inguinal canal-related groin pain is common in athletes and may involve numerous structures such as the conjoint tendon and the transversalis fascia. Ultrasound is the only dynamic tool that shows the passage of preperitoneal fat at the level of the Hesselbach triangle and allows excluding true inguinal hernias. Fascia transversalis bulging and inguinal ring dilatation may also be described. MRI assesses injuries of rectus abdominis and adductor longus enthesis and osteitis symphysis but its accuracy for the diagnosis of inguinal-related groin pain remains debated...
July 25, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Alessandro Vidoni, Satyanarayana T V Sankara, Venkata Ramana, Rajesh Botchu
The transverse acetabular ligament is an unusual location for ganglion cysts. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. They can be asymptomatic and represent an incidental finding or can cause an atypical pattern of hip joint/groin pain. We report a case of ganglion cyst arising from the TAL causing entrapment of the anterior branch of the obturator nerve with associated acute denervation of the abductor longus (AL), adductor brevis (AB), and gracilis muscles.
June 6, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
Alessandra Fayh, Guilherme Auler Brodt, Catiane Souza, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
PURPOSE: To examine pelvic stability with and without instruction regarding the voluntary recruitment of the 'powerhouse' muscles during a long stretch exercise on the Pilates Reformer. SCOPE: Evaluation of the muscle activity and pelvic stability during a Pilates exercise of 12 physically active volunteers. Volunteers performed five repetitions of the long stretch in sets of two, one with and one without instruction regarding the voluntary recruitment of the powerhouse muscles...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Julie Sandell Jacobsen, Lars Bolvig, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg, Stig Storgaard Jakobsen, Kjeld Søballe, Inger Mechlenburg
INTRODUCTION: Hip dysplasia is characterized by reduced acetabular coverage of the femoral head leading to an increased mechanical load on the hip joint and the acting hip muscles. Potentially, the muscles and tendons functioning close to the hip joint may present with overuse-related ultrasonography findings. The primary aim was to report the prevalence of muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography in 100 patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia. The secondary aim was to investigate correlations between muscle-tendon-related abnormalities detected by ultrasonography and clinically identified pain related to muscles and tendons...
August 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Michael R Riley, Adam T Doan, Richard W Vogel, Alexander O Aguirre, Kayla S Pieri, Edward H Scheid
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has gained rather widespread acceptance as a method to mitigate risk to the lumbar plexus during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) surgery. The most common approach to IONM involves using only electromyography (EMG) monitoring, and the rate of postoperative deficit remains unacceptably high. Other test modalities, such as transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials (tcMEPs) and somatosensory-evoked potentials, may be more suitable for monitoring neural integrity, but they have not been widely adopted during LLIF...
April 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Erica Simone, Richard C Novak, Benton A Emblom
One cause of groin pain in highly active patients may be a core muscle injury, commonly referred to as sports hernia. When patients fail nonoperative management, there are a number of surgical options that may be pursued. Typically, they will involve the direct repair of the rectus abdominis back to the pubis. However, we believe that this repair can be further strengthened by the appropriate lengthening of the adductor longus from the conjoined tendon. Therefore, we present a surgical technique that involves both rectus abdominis repair and adductor longus lengthening in those who show a core muscle injury that is refractory to conservative management...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Thomas Dupré, Johannes Funken, Ralf Müller, Kristian R L Mortensen, Filip Gertz Lysdal, Markus Braun, Hartmut Krahl, Wolfgang Potthast
Groin injuries are common in soccer and often cause time-loss from training. While groin injuries have been linked to full effort kicking, the role of inside passing is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate hip joint kinematics and muscle force, stress and contraction velocity for adductor longus and gracilis during inside passing. 3D kinematics of ten soccer players (23.4 yrs; 77.5 kg; 1.81 m) were captured with a motion capture system inside a Footbonaut. Muscle force and contraction velocity were determined with AnyBody Modelling System...
August 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
Daniel M Hirai, Steven W Copp, Scott K Ferguson, Clark T Holdsworth, K Sue Hageman, David C Poole, Timothy I Musch
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates oxygen delivery-utilization matching in resting and contracting skeletal muscle. Recent reports indicate that neuronal NO synthase (nNOS)-mediated vasoregulation during contractions is enhanced with exercise training and impaired with chronic heart failure (HF). Consequently, we tested the hypothesis that selective nNOS inhibition (S-methyl-l-thiocitrulline; SMTC, 2.1 μmol/kg) would produce attenuated reductions in muscle blood flow during moderate/heavy submaximal exercise in sedentary HF rats compared to their healthy counterparts...
April 1, 2018: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
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