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Adolescent Behavior

Catharine Vander Linden, Helena Verhelst, Ellen Deschepper, Guy Vingerhoets, Karel Deblaere, Karen Caeyenberghs
BACKGROUND: Executive dysfunctioning after pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been linked to poor outcomes in school performance, social functioning and employment. The credibility of training-induced cognitive enhancement in TBI is threatened by its limited proof of benefit in executive skills of daily living. AIM: Our primary aim was to investigate if cognitive intervention for improving impairments in executive functions in the chronic stage of traumatic brain injury is effective during adolescence...
December 14, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Michael Mason, Jeremy Mennis, Michael Russell, Mathew Moore, Aaron Brown
Adolescents with depression disorders have higher rates of substance use. In order to advance contextually relevant mental health interventions, basic research is needed to test social ecological mechanisms hypothesized to influence adolescent depression and substance use. Accordingly, we conducted growth curve modeling with a sample of 248 urban adolescents to determine if depression's effect on substance use was dependent upon peer network health (sum of peer risk and protective behaviors) and activity space risk (likelihood of high-risk behaviors at routine locations)...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sean Joe, Marquisha Lawrence Scott, Andrae Banks
We reviewed the controlled studies that report outcome findings for Black adolescent males 24 years of age and younger at risk of suicide. Our review identified 48 articles published from 2000 to 2015, 33 that met our initial criteria for full-text articles review, resulting in 6 that met all inclusion criteria. We sought to understand what works for Black males experiencing suicide ideation or engaging in suicidal behaviors (e.g., attempts). We identified crossover effects for multisystemic therapy for reducing the risk for suicide ideation and attempts...
March 2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Bethany Cliffe, Abigail Croker, Megan Denne, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance in adolescents is common, with up to one-third reporting significant symptoms of insomnia. Research with adults has demonstrated that Web-based cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTi) can improve both sleep and mental health. However, research with adolescents is lacking, and we know little about whether CBTi would have similar effects on this younger population. OBJECTIVE: This paper summarizes the protocol of a study to assess the feasibility of adding supported Web-based CBTi to the usual care of young people aged 14-17 years attending specialist Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS)...
December 13, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Christina B Johns, Cheryl Lacadie, Betty Vohr, Laura R Ment, Dustin Scheinost
Survivors of preterm birth experience long-lasting behavioral problems characterized by increased risk of depression, anxiety, and impairments in social functioning. The amygdala is a key region for social functioning and alterations in amygdala structure and connectivity are thought to underlie social functioning deficits in many disorders, including preterm birth. However, functional connectivity of the amygdala and its association with social impairments is not well-studied in preterm participants (PTs)...
December 3, 2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer
BACKGROUND: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Casey Lawless, Elise M Turner, Elizabeth LeFave, Daphne Koinis-Mitchell, David A Fedele
OBJECTIVE: Youth with asthma are at-risk for sleep difficulties due to nocturnal asthma symptoms. Sleep hygiene, or the ability to practice consistent sleep behaviors and habits, impacts youth sleep quality and may, as a result, influence daytime cognitive functioning. The current study sought to examine the impact sleep hygiene has on sleep quality, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and sustained attention among adolescents with asthma. It was hypothesized that worse sleep hygiene would be associated with poorer sleep quality, lower school-related and overall HRQL and worse sustained attention...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Angelica M Roncancio, Sally W Vernon, Chakema C Carmack, Kristy K Ward, Becky T Muñoz, Felicity L Cribbs
Rates of HPV vaccination among adolescent Hispanic males lag far behind the Healthy People 2020 80% goal. This study identified Hispanic mothers' salient beliefs regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine series. Twenty-seven Hispanic mothers completed in-depth interviews. They responded to questions that elicited the salient behavioral, normative and control beliefs associated with initiating the HPV vaccine series. We content analyzed their responses. We found that, regarding having their sons initiate the HPV vaccine, mothers: (1) express mostly positive feelings; (2) believe that the vaccine has positive effects, with side effects as the main negative effect; (3) believe that their sons' father and doctor support vaccination while some friends do not; and (4) believe that vaccine affordability, transportation and the support of their sons' father facilitate vaccine initiation...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Oliver Ludwig, Jens Kelm, Annette Hammes, Eduard Schmitt, Michael Fröhlich
Poor posture in childhood and adolescence is held responsible for the occurrence of associated disorders in adult age. This study aimed to verify whether body posture in adolescence can be enhanced through the improvement of neuromuscular performance, attained by means of targeted strength, stretch, and body perception training, and whether any such improvement might also transition into adulthood. From a total of 84 volunteers, the posture development of 67 adolescents was checked annually between the age of 14 and 20 based on index values in three posture situations...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Roger Pack, Randy Gilliland, Alisha Mecham
Chronic pain affects 1.7 million children in the United States, and its effects often linger into adulthood. Unfortunately, chronic pediatric pain is often undertreated. The current case report discusses the use of pain neuroscience education (PNE) combined with progressive exposure to activity to treat persistent pain in a 13-year-old female diagnosed with central sensitization syndrome. Prior to the diagnosis, the patient underwent two unsuccessful episodes of physical therapy that focused on musculoskeletal sources of pain...
December 12, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Grey Y Ceballos, Cristiane S Paula, Edith L Ribeiro, Darci N Santos
OBJECTIVE: To describe the service use profile of Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infanto-Juvenil [CAPSi]) in Brazil regarding diagnostic categories, sociodemographic aspects, and care modalities between 2008 and 2012. METHODS: A descriptive, ecological study was performed using data from the Unified Health System regarding high-complexity procedure authorizations (Autorização de Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade [APAC]) for the period from 2008-2012...
December 6, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Juliana da Silva, Alexandro Andrade, Renata Capistrano, Tailine Lisboa, Rubian Diego Andrade, Érico Pereira Gomes Felden, Thais Silva Beltrame
This study investigated the associations between the level of physical activity with sociodemographic, environmental and academic factors of adolescents. Two thousand five hundred and forty-five adolescents aged between 14 and 18 from Florianópolis and neighboring cities participated in this study. The short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used. The prevalence of inactive adolescents was 48.6%, being higher among females (53.9%). For girls, physical inactivity was associated with the lack of appropriate and free places for physical activity (OR = 1...
December 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Francesco Sulla, Melania Lachimia, Lucrezia Barbieri, Antonella Gigantiello, Concetta Iraci, Giulia Virgili, Giovanna Artioli, Leopoldo Sarli
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Numerous negative outcomes of inadequate pain management among children have been cited in the literature. Inadequate pain management may be particularly detrimental to children and adolescents facing life-threatening injury or illness on a Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU). It is therefore absolutely necessary that professionals utilize effective and efficient tools in order to evaluate a person's sensations of pain in the most objective way possible...
December 7, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Arup Chakraborty, Arista Lahiri
Background: Unintentional injuries have become a major noncommunicable disease burden, especially among the adolescents. Objective: The current study was conducted to estimate the effect of different aspects of daily activities of adolescence for sustaining serious unintentional injuries in the past 1 year. Methods: A cross-sectional survey with multistage sampling with validated pretested questionnaire was done among the school-going adolescent boys in Kolkata...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Public Health
Laura Bassette, Jessica Kulwicki, Shannon Titus Dieringer, Kimberly A Zoder-Martell, Ryan Heneisen
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are generally less physically active than individuals without disability due to factors such as lack of motor coordination and inadequate transportation resources that can result in various barriers to participation. This affects their independence and may interfere with expectations (e.g., employment) during adulthood. It is essential to explore ways to teach physical activity so people with ASD can generalize skills in community settings. This study examined the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention that included (a) the Exercise Buddy application, (b) a system of least prompts, (c) an incremental increase of criteria, and (d) reinforcement to teach three adolescents with ASD functional movement exercises (e...
December 31, 2018: Behavior Analysis in Practice
Frank Andrasik, Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Domenico D'Amico, Alberto Raggi, Eleonora Grignani
Headache disorders are common in children and adolescents. Most of the studies on non-pharmacological treatments have however been carried out on adults. In this review we provide information on recent studies examining non-pharmacological approaches for managing headache in children and adolescents. Our search of SCOPUS for primary studies conducted between January 2010 and July 2018 uncovered 11 controlled studies, mostly addressing behavioral approaches, in which a total of 613 patients with a diagnosis of primary headache, and average age 10...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Jackie Amos, Leonie Segal
Background: Child Maltreatment is a concerning worldwide problem. The population of distressed mothers with their highly disturbed children, in middle-childhood, often present to child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Finding effective therapies for this population has proved elusive. This led the authors to undertake a theory-driven research program to better understand intergenerational child maltreatment from a clinical perspective, in order to determine how best to treat the entrenched distressing and destructive behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jean Marc Guilé, Laure Boissel, Stéphanie Alaux-Cantin, Sébastien Garny de La Rivière
Using the same Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth version ( DSM-V ) criteria as in adults, borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents is defined as a 1-year pattern of immature personality development with disturbances in at least five of the following domains: efforts to avoid abandonment, unstable interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, impulsivity, suicidal and self-mutilating behaviors, affective instability, chronic feelings of emptiness, inappropriate intense anger, and stress-related paranoid ideation...
2018: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Irwin D Waldman, Richard Rowe, Khrista Boylan, Jeffrey D Burke
Dimensions of irritability and defiant behavior, though correlated within the structure of ODD, convey separable developmental risks through adolescence and adulthood. Irritability predicts depression and anxiety, whereas defiant behavior is a precursor to antisocial outcomes. Previously we demonstrated that a bifactor model comprising irritability and defiant behavior dimensions, in addition to a general factor, provided the best-fitting structure of ODD symptoms in five large datasets. Herein we extend our previous work by externally validating the bifactor model of ODD using multiple regression and multivariate behavior genetic analyses...
December 11, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
Dora Bianchi, Mara Morelli, Maria R Nappa, Roberto Baiocco, Antonio Chirumbolo
Sexting has been commonly defined as the sharing of sexually suggestive content via new technologies. The relationship between sexting motivations and both online and offline aggressive behaviors (i.e., sexual harassment, dating violence, and bullying) is still understudied. This study aimed to investigate the association between three sexting motivations-sexual purposes, instrumental/aggravated reasons, and body image reinforcement-and teen dating violence. Specifically, only instrumental/aggravated motivations-such as sexting in exchange for something, under pressure, or with harmful intentions-were expected to be related to dating violence perpetration and victimization...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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