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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811008/serum-wisteria-floribunda-agglutinin-positive-mac-2-binding-protein-expression-predicts-disease-severity-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#1
Ching-I Huang, Chung-Feng Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Yi-Hung Lin, Po-Cheng Liang, Meng-Hsuan Hsieh, Chia-Yen Dai, Ming-Yen Hsieh, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Jee-Fu Huang, Ming-Lung Yu, Wan-Long Chuang
Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-positive Mac-2 binding protein (WFA(+)-M2BP) has recently been developed as a promising liver fibrosis glyco biomarker. We assessed its efficacy in evaluating liver disease severity in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in Taiwan. The association between WFA(+)-M2BP and histological features was evaluated among those CHC patients underwent liver biopsy. We also aimed to clarify the factors determining the performance of WFA(+)-M2BP in CHC. A total of 229 CHC patients were consecutively recruited...
August 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810658/abnormal-phenotypic-features-of-igm-b-cell-subsets-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#2
Fanyun Kong, Bo Feng, Henghui Zhang, Huiying Rao, Jianghua Wang, Xu Cong, Lai Wei
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with B cell abnormality; however the phenotypic profiles of immunoglobulin (Ig)M+B cell subsets in patients with HCV infection remain unclear. In the current study, the effect of HCV infection on IgM+B cell subsets was evaluated. The percentages, as well as the differentiation and activation features of peripheral IgM+B naive subsets [cluster of differentiation (CD)27-IgM+B cells] and IgM+B memory subsets (CD27+IgM+B cells) were assessed using flow cytometry in 27 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and 20 healthy controls (HCs)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801216/a-novel-process-for-separation-of-hazardous-poly-vinyl-chloride-from-mixed-plastic-wastes-by-froth-flotation
#3
Jianchao Wang, Hui Wang, Chongqing Wang, Lingling Zhang, Tao Wang, Long Zheng
A novel method, calcium hypochlorite (CHC) treatment, was proposed for separation of hazardous poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) plastic from mixed plastic wastes (MPWs) by froth flotation. Flotation behavior of single plastic indicates that PVC can be separated from poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), poly(acrylonitrile-co-butadiene-co-styrene) (ABS), polystyrene (PS), polycarbonate (PC) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) by froth flotation combined with CHC treatment. Mechanism of CHC treatment was examined by contact angle measurement, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy...
August 8, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799879/the-pathophysiology-of-chronic-noncommunicating-hydrocephalus-lessons-from-continuous-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-and-ventricular-infusion-testing
#4
Per Kristian Eide
OBJECTIVE The pathophysiology of chronic noncommunicating hydrocephalus (ncHC) is poorly understood. This present study explored whether lessons about the pathophysiology of this clinical entity might be retrieved from results of overnight monitoring of pulsatile and static intracranial pressure (ICP) and ventricular infusion testing. METHODS The study cohort included adult patients (> 20 years of age) with chronic ncHC due to aqueductal stenosis in whom symptoms had lasted a minimum of 6 months. A reference cohort consisted of age- and sex-matched patients managed for communicating HC (cHC)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798895/prevalence-and-identification-of-serum-markers-associated-with-vertical-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-in-pregnant-women-in-yaounde-cameroon
#5
Lucien Honoré Etame Sone, Roger Ahouga Voufo, Henriette Thérèse Dimodi, Michel Kengne, Cédric Gueguim, Nnanga Ngah, Julius Oben, Judith Laure Ngondi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection in pregnant women and identify markers associated with vertical transmission of HBV. METHODS: Prospective and cross-sectional study over 10 months on 298 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in the Cité Verte and Efoulan District hospitals in Cameroon. A dry tube blood collection was performed on all pregnant women and babies born to HBsAg-positive mothers. Serum from the women was used to test for HBsAg through immunochromatography and then confirmed by ELISA...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798283/healthcare-costs-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-south-korea-from-2009-to-2013-an-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-claims-data
#6
Moran Ki, Hwa Young Choi, Kyung-Ah Kim, Eun Sun Jang, Sook-Hyang Jeong
Background/Aims: The introduction of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) in 2013 revolutionized hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment, offering a cure rate >90%. However, this therapy is expensive, and estimations of the number of chronic HCV-infected (CHC) patients and their treatment costs pre-2013 are therefore essential for creating policies and expanding drug access. Herein, we aimed to investigate the number of HCV-related liver disease patients, their healthcare utilization, their annual direct medical costs, and the interferon-based antiviral treatment rates and costs from 2009 to 2013 in South Korea...
August 14, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797039/impact-of-pnpla3-and-ifnl3-polymorphisms-on-hepatic-steatosis-in-asian-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c
#7
Chao-Min Huang, Kuo-Chin Chang, Chao-Hung Hung, King-Wah Chiu, Sheng-Nan Lu, Jing-Houng Wang, Chien-Hung Chen, Kwong-Ming Kee, Yuan-Hung Kuo, Ming-Chao Tsai, Po-Lin Tseng, Ming-Tsung Lin, Cheng-Kun Wu, Tsung-Hui Hu, Chung-Lung Cho, Yi-Hao Yen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A recent meta-analysis revealed that the genotype PNPLA3 rs738409 GG is associated with a higher risk of hepatic steatosis (HS) in Caucasian patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). However, controversial results were found regarding Asian populations. Furthermore, previous studies have shown a negative association between interferon lambda 3 (IFNL3) rs12979860 CC and HS in Caucasian CHC patients, but there have been no reports indicating any such association in Asian populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791674/release-from-prey-preservation-behavior-via-prey-switch-allowed-diversification-of-cuticular-hydrocarbon-profiles-in-digger-wasps
#8
Mareike Wurdack, Carlo Polidori, Alexander Keller, Heike Feldhaar, Thomas Schmitt
The cuticle of insects is covered by a layer of hydrocarbons (CHCs), whose original function is the protection from desiccation and pathogens. However, in most insects CHC profiles are species-specific. While this variability among species was largely linked to communication and recognition functions, additional selective forces may shape insect CHC profiles. Here we show that in Philanthinae digger wasps (Crabronidae) the CHC profile co-evolved with a peculiar brood-care strategy. In particular, we found that the behavior to embalm prey stored in the nest with hydrocarbons is adaptive to protect larval food from fungi in those species hunting for Hymenoptera...
August 9, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783205/successful-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-ground-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-and-short-bowel-syndrome
#9
Johann von Felden, Christoph Scheurich, Jin Yamamura, Diana M Brainard, Erik Mogalian, Ansgar W Lohse, Julian Schulze-Zur-Wiesch
We read the comprehensive review by Gitto et al. entitled 'NS5A inhibitors for the treatment of hepatitis C infection' (CHC) with great interest (1). Indeed, the development of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) now enables successful treatment of formerly difficult-to-treat patient populations (e.g. cirrhosis or chronic kidney disease). However, little is known about the use of DAAs in patients with short bowel syndrome, e.g. following inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), because these patients are yet excluded from clinical trials (2)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777874/the-contribution-of-health-risk-behaviours-to-excess-mortality-in-american-adults-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-population-cohort-study
#10
H Innes, A McAuley, M Alavi, H Valerio, D Goldberg, S J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: In resource-rich countries, chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection is associated with a sizeable excess mortality risk. The extent to which this is due to: (a) the biological sequelae of CHC infection, versus b) a high concomitant burden of health risk behaviours (HRBs), is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the 1999-2010 US National-Health-and-Nutritional-Examination-Surveys (NHANES), which include detailed information on HRBs and CHC infection status...
August 4, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777653/combined-hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma-biphenotypic-tumors-potential-role-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-diagnosis
#11
Fei Li, Jing Han, Feng Han, Jian-Wei Wang, Rong-Zhen Luo, An-Hua Li, Jian-Hua Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating combined hepatocellular cholangiocarcinomas (CHCs) from hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with pathologically confirmed CHC and matched control subjects with pathologically confirmed HCC (n = 30) or ICC (n = 32) who underwent preoperative CEUS from January 2005 to December 2015 were enrolled in this study...
August 4, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777141/cytologic-histologic-discrepancies-in-pathology-of-the-uterine-cervix-analysis-of-the-clinical-and-pathologic-factors
#12
Fadi W Abdul-Karim, Bin Yang
Cytologic-histologic correlation (CHC) represents a documented effort to obtain and compare, when available, gynecologic cytology reports with an interpretation of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion or malignancy, with the subsequent histopathology report, and to determine the possible cause of any discrepancy. The correlation is influenced by multiple closely interdependent clinical and pathologic factors. Many of these factors including the sensitivity and accuracy of colposcopy-directed biopsy, the diligence of the colposcopist, and the attributes of the cervical lesion represent "preanalytical" factors which can significantly affect the CHC outcome, but are often less emphasized during CHC process...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766727/ethnic-disparities-in-progression-to-advanced-liver-disease-and-overall-survival-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-impact-of-a-sustained-virological-response
#13
A K Le, C Zhao, J K Hoang, S A Tran, C Y Chang, M Jin, N H Nguyen, L A Yasukawa, J Q Zhang, S C Weber, G Garcia, M H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) can lead to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A sustained virological response (SVR) is associated with improved outcomes, however, its impact on different ethnic groups is unknown. AIM: To evaluate ethnic differences in the natural history of CHC and the impact of SVR. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 8039 consecutive adult CHC patients seen at two medical centres in California between January 1997 and June 2016...
August 2, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764181/invasive-cystic-hypersecretory-carcinoma-of-breast-a-rare-and-under-diagnosed-variant-of-ductal-carcinoma
#14
Nibedita Sahoo, Pritinanda Mishra, Susama Patra, Prakash Kumar Sasmal
Handful cases of invasive Cystic Hypersecretory Ductal Carcinoma (CHC) have been reported so far in literature. Cystic hypersecretory lesions of breast have a spectrum of morphological features ranging from Cystic Hypersecretory Hyperplasia (CHH), CHH with atypia, in situ to invasive CHC. We are reporting a case of a 32-year-old female who had nipple discharge and lump in her right breast for one month. A modified radical mastectomy was done and morphological diagnosis of invasive CHC with axillary node metastasis was made...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758402/a-nanoscopic-study-on-the-aliphatic-choline-based-naphthenic-acid-ionic-liquids-structural-and-dynamical-properties
#15
Mehrangiz Torkzadeh, Majid Moosavi
The structural and dynamical properties of two cholinium-based naphthenic acid ionic liquids (CBNAILs), namely, cholinium cyclopentane carboxylate ([CH][CPC]) and cholinium cyclohexane carboxylate ([CH][CHC]) have been studied using the classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and quantum mechanical methods. The results have been also compared with corresponding aromatic ones. Interaction energies, charge transfers and hydrogen bondings between the studied ion pairs were investigated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations and also the theory of atoms in molecules (AIM)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755163/cxcl9-11-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa, Ana Zaida Gómez-Moreno, Daniel Pineda-Tenor, Luz Maria Medrano, Juan José Sánchez-Ruano, Amanda Fernández-Rodríguez, Tomas Artaza-Varasa, José Saura-Montalban, Sonia Vázquez-Morón, Pablo Ryan, Salvador Resino
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CXCL9-11 polymorphisms are related to various infectious diseases, including hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In this study, we analyzed the association between CXCL9-11 polymorphisms and liver fibrosis in HCV-infected patients. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 389 patients who were genotyped for CXCL9-11 polymorphisms (CXCL9 rs10336, CXCL10 rs3921, and CXCL11 rs4619915) using the Sequenom's MassARRAY platform. The primary outcome variable was the liver stiffness measurement (LSM)...
December 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752960/after-successful-hepatitis-c-virus-antiviral-therapy-it-looks-that-normal-alanine-aminotransferase-level-is-not-the-normal
#17
Mohamed El Kassas, Mohamed Alboraie, Aya Mostafa, Reem Ezzat, Adel El Tahan, Shimaa Afify, Ahmed Sweedy, Ibrahim Kabbash, Gamal Esmat
BACKGROUND: Normal serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels differ with age, gender, and body mass index. Adjusting the upper limits of normal (ULN) for ALT needs further research in different populations. Aim of this work was to monitor the effect of successful chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment on the ALT levels in patients with normal pretreatment ALT. METHODS: Data of 1160 CHC patients with persistent pretreatment normal liver enzymes were retrospectively analyzed...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749790/do-we-need-to-screen-for-de-novo-diabetes-mellitus-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-after-a-sustained-virological-response
#18
Nasser Mousa, Ahmed Abdel-Razik, Raghda Farag, Walaa Shabana, Ayman Elgamal, Niveen El-Wakeel, Rasha Elzehery, Wagdi Elkashef, Waleed Eldars
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are millions of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus-infected patients who have been treated with a combination therapy (interferon and ribavirin) and have achieved a virological response (SVR) worldwide. The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors for de-novo diabetes mellitus in CHC patients treated with combination therapy (interferon and ribavirin) and have achieved an SVR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 214 nondiabetic CHC patients with SVR and baseline homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) less than or equal to 2 were divided into group A, which included 108 patients with a BMI less than 25, and group B, which included 106 patients with a BMI of at least 25 and less than 30...
September 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749314/designing-health-information-technology-tools-to-prevent-gaps-in-public-health-insurance
#19
Jennifer D Hall, Rose L Harding, Jennifer E DeVoe, Rachel Gold, Heather Angier, Aleksandra Sumic, Christine A Nelson, Sonja Likumahuwa-Ackman, Deborah J Cohen
BACKGROUND: Changes in health insurance policies have increased coverage opportunities, but enrollees are required to annually reapply for benefits which, if not managed appropriately, can lead to insurance gaps. Electronic health records (EHRs) can automate processes for assisting patients with health insurance enrollment and re-enrollment. OBJECTIVE: We describe community health centers' (CHC) workflow, documentation, and tracking needs for assisting families with insurance application processes, and the health information technology (IT) tool components that were developed to meet those needs...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749159/hierarchical-exploratory-factor-analyses-of-the-woodcock-johnson-iv-full-test-battery-implications-for-chc-application-in-school-psychology
#20
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
The Woodcock-Johnson (fourth edition; WJ IV; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014a) was recently redeveloped and retains its linkage to Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory (CHC). Independent reviews (e.g., Canivez, 2017) and investigations (Dombrowski, McGill, & Canivez, 2017) of the structure of the WJ IV full test battery and WJ IV Cognitive have suggested the need for additional factor analytic exploration. Accordingly, the present study used principal axis factoring (PAF) followed by the Schmid and Leiman (SL; Schmid & Leiman, 1957) procedure with the 2 school-aged correlation matrices from the normative sample to determine the degree to which the WJ IV total battery structure could be replicated...
July 27, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
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