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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099215/prevalence-and-severity-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-an-epidemiologic-survey-and-investigation-of-clinical-correlates
#1
Seyedeh Tahereh Faezi, Pedram Paragomi, Ashraf Shahali, Maryam Akhlaghkhah, Mahmood Akbarian, Maassoomeh Akhlaghi, Masoumeh Kheirandish, Farhad Gharibdoost
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic multisystem connective tissue disorder with detrimental impact on quality of life. Patients with SSc face emotional distress and frequently meet criteria for a psychiatric disorder. However, the pattern of psychiatric manifestations may vary according to socioethnic background. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms and examined their association with sociodemographic and clinical factors in Iranian SSc patients...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054106/-range-of-variation-of-pancreaticojejunostomy-in-pancreatic-head-resection
#2
F C Popp, C J Bruns
Leakage of pancreaticojejunostomy basically determines the morbidity and mortality of pancreatic head resection. Aggressive pancreatic juice affects the integrity of the anastomosis and the occurrence of local pancreatitis is increased due to manipulation of the pancreas during creation of the anastomosis. A multitude of anastomotic techniques have been developed aimed at minimizing the leakage rate of up to 20%. Ideal would be a simple technique that can be carried out independently of the softness of the pancreas and the diameter of the pancreatic duct...
January 4, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018566/interfacial-modulus-mapping-of-layered-dental-ceramics-using-nanoindentation
#3
Antonios L Theocharopoulos, Andrew J Bushby, Ken My P'ng, Rory M Wilson, K Elizabeth Tanner, Michael J Cattell
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the modulus of elasticity (E) across the interfaces of yttria stabilized zirconia (YTZP) / veneer multilayers using nanoindentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: YTZP core material (KaVo-Everest, Germany) specimens were either coated with a liner (IPS e.max ZirLiner, Ivoclar-Vivadent) (Type-1) or left as-sintered (Type-2) and subsequently veneered with a pressable glass-ceramic (IPS e.max ZirPress, Ivoclar-Vivadent). A 5 µm (nominal tip diameter) spherical indenter was used with a UMIS CSIRO 2000 (ASI, Canberra, Australia) nanoindenter system to test E across the exposed and polished interfaces of both specimen types...
December 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018191/hebb-and-cattell-the-genesis-of-the-theory-of-fluid-and-crystallized-intelligence
#4
REVIEW
Richard E Brown
Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is, however, vague. Cattell, in different papers, stated that it was developed in 1940, 1941 or 1942. Carroll (1984, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 19, 300-306) noted the similarity of Cattell's theory to "Hebb's notion of two types of intelligence," which was presented at the 1941 APA meeting, but the matter has been left at that. Correspondence between Cattell, Donald Hebb and George Humphrey of Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, however, indicates that Cattell adopted Hebb's ideas of intelligence A and B and renamed them...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995065/classification-of-amyloid-status-using-machine-learning-with-histograms-of-oriented-3d-gradients
#5
Liam Cattell, Günther Platsch, Richie Pfeiffer, Jérôme Declerck, Julia A Schnabel, Chloe Hutton
Brain amyloid burden may be quantitatively assessed from positron emission tomography imaging using standardised uptake value ratios. Using these ratios as an adjunct to visual image assessment has been shown to improve inter-reader reliability, however, the amyloid positivity threshold is dependent on the tracer and specific image regions used to calculate the uptake ratio. To address this problem, we propose a machine learning approach to amyloid status classification, which is independent of tracer and does not require a specific set of regions of interest...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992890/personality-traits-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals-in-the-context-of-childhood-abuse
#6
Aneta Gerhant, Marcin Olajossy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify groups of alcohol-dependent individuals differing in the severity of childhood physical, emotional and sexual abuse and to find the personality variables that discriminate between those groups. METHODS: The study included 90 individuals dependent on alcohol. The following questionnaires were used: the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), the Coping Inventory (COPE), the Buss and Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ), Cattell's IPAT Anxiety Scale, and the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI)...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920750/fluid-intelligence-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-executive-control-and-balanced-time-perspective
#7
Marcin Zajenkowski, Maciej Stolarski, Joanna Witowska, Oliwia Maciantowicz, Paweł Łowicki
This study examined the cognitive foundations of the balanced time perspective (BTP) proposed by Zimbardo and Boyd (1999). Although BTP is defined as the mental ability to switch effectively between different temporal perspectives, its connection with cognitive functioning has not yet been established. We addressed this by exploring the relationships between time perspectives and both fluid intelligence (measured with Raven's and Cattell's tests) and executive control (Go/No-go and anti-saccade tasks). An investigation conducted among Polish adults (N = 233) revealed that more balanced TP profile was associated with higher fluid intelligence, and higher executive control...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904964/only-walking-matters-assessment-following-lumbar-stenosis-decompression
#8
S Budithi, Rohit Dhawan, Andrew Cattell, Birender Balain, David Jaffray
PURPOSE: Multiple outcome measures exist to evaluate the outcomes of spinal decompression surgery; however, these tend to be complex and are difficult to express to the patient pre-operatively to accurately guide their expectations. We present outcomes, in terms of walking distance measurement, of a prospective single surgeon series of 76 consecutive patients with spinal stenosis. METHODS: 76 patients (mean age 68.8 years; 48-91 years) had decompression surgery using spinous process osteotomy...
November 30, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885369/electrospun-poly-lactic-acid-fibers-containing-novel-chlorhexidine-particles-with-sustained-antibacterial-activity
#9
Dong Luo, Xi Zhang, Saroash Shahid, Michael J Cattell, David J Gould, Gleb B Sukhorukov
The treatment of persistent infections often requires a high local drug concentration and sustained release of antimicrobial agents. This paper proposes the use of novel electrospinning of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) fibers containing uncoated and encapsulated chlorhexidine particles. Chlorhexidine particles with a mean (SD) diameter of 17.15 ± 1.99 μm were fabricated by the precipitation of chlorhexidine diacetate with calcium chloride. Layer-by-layer (LbL) encapsulation of the chlorhexidine particles was carried out to produce encapsulated particles...
December 20, 2016: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880048/using-a-few-snapshots-to-distinguish-mountains-from-waves-weak-factorial-invariance-in-the-context-of-trait-state-research
#10
E L Hamaker, N K Schuurman, E A O Zijlmans
In this article, we show that the underlying dimensions obtained when factor analyzing cross-sectional data actually form a mix of within-person state dimensions and between-person trait dimensions. We propose a factor analytical model that distinguishes between four independent sources of variance: common trait, unique trait, common state, and unique state. We show that by testing whether there is weak factorial invariance across the trait and state factor structures, we can tackle the fundamental question first raised by Cattell; that is, are within-person state dimensions qualitatively the same as between-person trait dimensions? Furthermore, we discuss how this model is related to other trait-state factor models, and we illustrate its use with two empirical data sets...
November 23, 2016: Multivariate Behavioral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844177/a-method-to-simulate-incentives-for-cost-containment-under-various-cost-sharing-designs-an-application-to-a-first-euro-deductible-and-a-doughnut-hole
#11
D Cattel, R C van Kleef, R C J A van Vliet
Many health insurance schemes include deductibles to provide consumers with cost containment incentives (CCI) and to counteract moral hazard. Policymakers are faced with choices on the implementation of a specific cost sharing design. One of the guiding principles in this decision process could be which design leads to the strongest CCI. Despite the vast amount of literature on the effects of cost sharing, the relative effects of specific cost sharing designs-e.g., a traditional deductible versus a doughnut hole-will mostly be absent for a certain context...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835805/perforated-duodenal-diverticulum-case-report
#12
Julie Glener, Stephenie Poris, Brandon Foles, Rhonda Harmon
INTRODUCTION: The duodenum is the second most common location of intestinal diverticula following the colon (Juler et al., 1969) [1]. Only 1-5% of patients with duodenal diverticula become symptomatic (Oukachbi, 2013) [2]. The least common but most serious complication of duodenal diverticula is perforation, which has a mortality rate of 20% (Oukachbi, 2013; Yin et al., 2001; Song, 2015; Schnueriger et al., 2008) [2-5]. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 65year old female presented with sudden onset periumbilical and epigastric pain...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831726/woodcock-johnson-iii-kaufman-adolescent-and-adult-intelligence-test-kait-kaufman-assessment-battery-for-children-kabc-and-differential-ability-scales-das-support-carroll-but-not-cattell-horn
#13
Jeffrey M Cucina, Garett N Howardson
Recently emerging evidence suggests that the dominant structural model of mental abilities-the Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) model-may not adequately account for observed scores for mental abilities batteries, leading scholars to call into question the model's validity. Establishing the robustness of these findings is important since CHC is the foundation for several contemporary mental abilities test batteries, such as the Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ-III). Using confirmatory factor analysis, we investigated CHC's robustness across 4 archival samples of mental abilities test battery data, including the WJ-III, the Kaufman Adolescent & Adult Intelligence Test (KAIT), the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC), and the Differential Ability Scales (DAS)...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752486/effect-of-nicu-department-orientation-program-on-mother-s-anxiety-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Leila Valizadeh, Mohammad Bager Hosseini, Zhilla Heydarpoor Damanabad, Mahni Rahkar Farshi, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi, Fatemeh Ranjbar Kochaksaraie
Introduction: Neonatal intensive care unit induces the high level of anxiety for mothers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NICU orientation program on the anxiety of mothers who had preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial (three parallel groups). Participants included 99 mothers with preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU of Al- Zahra hospital, affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of three groups (film, booklet, and control)...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677704/embryonic-expression-of-endothelins-and-their-receptors-in-lamprey-and-frog-reveals-stem-vertebrate-origins-of-complex-endothelin-signaling
#15
Tyler Square, David Jandzik, Maria Cattell, Andrew Hansen, Daniel Meulemans Medeiros
Neural crest cells (NCCs) are highly patterned embryonic cells that migrate along stereotyped routes to give rise to a diverse array of adult tissues and cell types. Modern NCCs are thought to have evolved from migratory neural precursors with limited developmental potential and patterning. How this occurred is poorly understood. Endothelin signaling regulates several aspects of NCC development, including their migration, differentiation, and patterning. In jawed vertebrates, Endothelin signaling involves multiple functionally distinct ligands (Edns) and receptors (Ednrs) expressed in various NCC subpopulations...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644915/-schizotypal-personality-questionnaire-brief-likert-format-factor-structure-analysis-in-general-population-in-france
#16
A Ferchiou, L Todorov, M Lajnef, G Baudin, B Pignon, J-R Richard, M Leboyer, A Szöke, F Schürhoff
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of the study was to explore the factorial structure of the French version of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B) in a Likert format, in a representative sample of the general population. In addition, differences in the dimensional scores of schizotypy according to gender and age were analyzed. As the study in the general population of schizotypal traits and its determinants has been recently proposed as a way toward the understanding of aetiology and pathophysiology of schizophrenia, consistent self-report tools are crucial to measure psychometric schizotypy...
September 16, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600144/nitrogen-footprints-regional-realities-and-options-to-reduce-nitrogen-loss-to-the-environment
#17
Hideaki Shibata, James N Galloway, Allison M Leach, Lia R Cattaneo, Laura Cattell Noll, Jan Willem Erisman, Baojing Gu, Xia Liang, Kentaro Hayashi, Lin Ma, Tommy Dalgaard, Morten Graversgaard, Deli Chen, Keisuke Nansai, Junko Shindo, Kazuyo Matsubae, Azusa Oita, Ming-Chien Su, Shin-Ichiro Mishima, Albert Bleeker
Nitrogen (N) management presents a sustainability dilemma: N is strongly linked to energy and food production, but excess reactive N causes environmental pollution. The N footprint is an indicator that quantifies reactive N losses to the environment from consumption and production of food and the use of energy. The average per capita N footprint (calculated using the N-Calculator methodology) of ten countries varies from 15 to 47 kg N capita(-1) year(-1). The major cause of the difference is the protein consumption rates and food production N losses...
September 6, 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590530/aids-related-knowledge-stigma-and-customary-beliefs-of-south-african-construction-workers
#18
Rajen Govender, Paul Bowen, Peter Edwards, Keith Cattell
Customary beliefs about the cause/s of AIDS are significantly related to whether or not individuals will undergo HIV testing. This study examined the cultural beliefs of construction workers in terms of their demographic and lifestyle behavioural characteristics, and their AIDS-related knowledge and stigma attitudes, to help inform improved work-based AIDS-education interventions by construction firms. A total of 512 workers drawn from 6 firms operating on 18 construction sites in the Western Cape province participated in the study...
September 2, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586067/examining-the-integrity-of-measurement-of-cognitive-abilities-in-the-prediction-of-achievement-comparisons-and-contrasts-across-variables-from-higher-order-and-bifactor-models
#19
Nicholas F Benson, John H Kranzler, Randy G Floyd
Prior research examining cognitive ability and academic achievement relations have been based on different theoretical models, have employed both latent variables as well as observed variables, and have used a variety of analytic methods. Not surprisingly, results have been inconsistent across studies. The aims of this study were to (a) examine how relations between psychometric g, Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) broad abilities, and academic achievement differ across higher-order and bifactor models; (b) examine how well various types of observed scores corresponded with latent variables; and (c) compare two types of observed scores (i...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562317/cattell-braasch-maneuver-combined-with-local-hypothermia-during-superior-mesenteric-artery-resection-in-pancreatectomy
#20
Sofia Westermark, Elena Rangelova, Christoph Ansorge, Lars Lundell, Ralf Segersvärd, Marco Del Chiaro
BACKGROUND: The recent development of new neo-adjuvant treatment regimens associated with a higher success rate of down-staging has increased the interest of pancreatic surgeons on the role of extended surgery for patients affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Pancreatectomy together with resection of the portal/superior mesenteric vein is considered nowadays standard of care for patients affected by pancreatic cancer. However, the resection of major abdominal arteries is still debatable...
December 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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