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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801973/cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-self-limited-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Steven Wickens, Stephen C Bowden, Wendyl D'Souza
OBJECTIVE: It is now well appreciated that benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS, or more recently, ECTS) is associated with a range of cognitive and behavioral disturbances. Despite our improved understanding of cognitive functioning in ECTS, there have been to date no efforts to quantitatively synthesize the available literature within a comprehensive cognitive framework. METHODS: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines...
August 12, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782396/the-comparison-of-intelligence-levels-of-children-born-to-kidney-or-liver-transplant-women-with-children-of-healthy-mothers
#2
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Natalia Mazanowska, Miroslaw Wielgos, Bronislawa Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after transplantation is associated with high risk of complications and prenatal exposure to immunosuppressants. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the intellectual development of children born to women after organ transplantation. AIMS: A comparison of intelligence levels in 78 children of kidney or liver transplant women of 78 children born to healthy mothers. The assessment of intellectual level in children was conducted by psychologists and evaluated using age-adjusted intelligence tests (Psyche Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale, Terman-Merril Intelligence Scale or the Scales of Raven's Progressive Matrices)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762880/the-structure-of-intelligence-in-childhood-age-and-socio-familiar-impact-on-cognitive-differentiation
#3
Ana Azevedo Martins, Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Ana Filipa Alves, Leandro da Silva Almeida
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory is the principal model at present to define and assess intelligence. However, several authors have suggested that the structure of intelligence is not stable throughout life. For example, children tend to present a general ability, which is invested in the development of specific and differentiated abilities during adolescence, reflecting the effect of schooling, experiences, and interests. In this study, an intelligence nine subtests battery was applied to a sample of 470 5-, 7-, and 9-year-old Portuguese children, from public and private basic schools...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749159/hierarchical-exploratory-factor-analyses-of-the-woodcock-johnson-iv-full-test-battery-implications-for-chc-application-in-school-psychology
#4
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
The Woodcock-Johnson (fourth edition; WJ IV; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014a) was recently redeveloped and retains its linkage to Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory (CHC). Independent reviews (e.g., Canivez, 2017) and investigations (Dombrowski, McGill, & Canivez, 2017) of the structure of the WJ IV full test battery and WJ IV Cognitive have suggested the need for additional factor analytic exploration. Accordingly, the present study used principal axis factoring (PAF) followed by the Schmid and Leiman (SL; Schmid & Leiman, 1957) procedure with the 2 school-aged correlation matrices from the normative sample to determine the degree to which the WJ IV total battery structure could be replicated...
July 27, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707889/gold-nanorod-mediated-chlorhexidine-microparticle-formation-and-near-infrared-light-induced-release
#5
Dong Luo, Md Samiul Hasan, Saroash Shahid, Boris N Khlebtsov, Michael J Cattell, Gleb B Sukhorukov
Gold nanorods (GNR) are good light harvesting species for elaboration of near-infrared (NIR) responsive drug delivery systems. Herein, chlorhexidine microparticles are grown directly on the surface of gold nanorods and then stabilized with polyelectrolyte multilayer encapsulation, producing novel composite drug-GNR particles with high drug loading and NIR light sensitivity. Crystallization of chlorhexidine is caused by the ionic strength of the chloride solution that has been demonstrated via formation of a homogeneous porous spherical structure at 0...
July 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677910/factors-associated-with-progression-in-the-london-pathway-project
#6
Darrick Jolliffe, Jack Cattell, Annabelle Raza, Philip Minoudis
BACKGROUND: The London Pathways Partnership (LPP) Community Service is an approach to mainstreaming the identification of offenders with severe personality disorder to address their needs and reduce their risk. AIMS: To evaluate the result of the full-scale implementation of the LPP and evaluate factors associated with an offender's progression on the pathway. METHOD: The data collected as part of the LPP project and Offender Assessment System data were used to evaluate who was screened into the pathway and their progression on the pathway...
July 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677902/evaluating-the-impact-of-the-london-pathway-project
#7
Darrick Jolliffe, Jack Cattell, Annabelle Raza, Philip Minoudis
BACKGROUND: The London Pathway Project (LPP) is an innovative whole-systems approach to addressing the needs of offenders who have severe personality disorder, with the goal of reducing their risk of harm. Previous research has evaluated the initial implementation of the LPP. AIMS: This paper focused on evaluating the impact of the LPP on a number of criminogenic needs over time and its impact on the risk of reoffending and harm compared with a similar group who did not experience the pathway...
July 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506124/fluid-intelligence-a-brief-history
#8
Phillip Kent
The concept of fluid and crystallized intelligence was introduced to the psychological community approximately 75 years ago by Raymond B. Cattell, and it continues to be an area of active research and controversy. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the origin of the concept, early efforts to define intelligence and uses of intelligence tests to address pressing social issues, and the ongoing controversies associated with fluid intelligence and the structure of intelligence. The putative neuropsychological underpinnings and neurological substrates of fluid intelligence are discussed...
July 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479971/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-scale
#9
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
The Greek version of the Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) was developed to respond to the need of Greek-speaking individuals. The translated questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV outpatients (aged 37.1±9.1) and 166 control patients (aged 32.4±13.4). In addition to the DTS Greek scale, subjects were assessed with two other scales useful for assessing validity. For each factor analyses two components were extracted, based on Cattell's scree test. The two components solution accounted for 55.34% of the total variation in case of frequency variables and 61...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456351/synthesis-of-novel-chlorhexidine-spheres-with-controlled-release-from-a-udma-hema-resin-using-ultrasound
#10
Dong Luo, Saroash Shahid, Gleb B Sukhorukov, Michael J Cattell
OBJECTIVE: Establish the release kinetics of new chlorhexidine particles incorporated in a dental resin, and with the application of ultrasound. METHODS: Spherical chlorhexidine particles (SCP) were synthesized (5wt%), freeze dried and incorporated into UDMA-HEMA resins. Chlorhexidine diacetate (CDP) (5wt%) was similarly incorporated in separate resins. Resin discs were immersed in deionized water, and a release profile established (650h). Ultrasound was used to trigger chlorhexidine (CHX) release from the resin discs at specific durations (10-30s) and time intervals (1-425h)...
June 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374453/construct-validity-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-fourth-uk-edition-with-a-referred-irish-sample-wechsler-and-cattell-horn-carroll-model-comparisons-with-15-subtests
#11
Gary L Canivez, Marley W Watkins, Rebecca Good, Kate James, Trevor James
BACKGROUND: Irish educational psychologists frequently use the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth UK Edition (WISC-IV(UK) ; Wechsler, 2004, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth UK Edition, London, UK, Harcourt Assessment) in clinical assessments of children with learning difficulties. Unfortunately, reliability and validity studies of the WISC-IV(UK) standardization sample have not yet been reported. Watkins et al. (2013, International Journal of School and Educational Psychology, 1, 102) found support for a bifactor structure with a large sample (N = 794) of Irish children who were administered the 10 WISC-IV(UK) core subtests in clinical assessments of learning difficulties and dominance of general intelligence...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317044/an-intuitive-method-of-duct-to-mucosa-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-use-of-one-step-circumferential-interrupted-sutures
#12
Moonwhan Kim, Woo Young Shin, Keon-Young Lee, Seung-Ik Ahn
Pancreaticoenteric anastomosis is the origin of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Although a variety of methods have been proposed to decrease the POPF rate, randomized controlled trials performed so far have failed to demonstrate superiority of any particular method to the others. Cattell-Warren duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is a widely practiced procedure. Their method is challenging, especially when the pancreatic duct is small. We assumed that the difficulty resides in the pancreatic duct becoming difficult to access when the posterior row is tied before suturing the anterior row...
February 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269669/pca-criterion-for-svm-mlp-classifier-for-flavivirus-biomarker-from-salivary-sers-spectra-at-febrile-stage
#13
A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar
Non-structural protein (NS1) has been conceded as one of the biomarkers for flavivirus that causes diseases with life threatening consequences. NS1 is an antigen that allows detection of the illness at febrile stage, mostly from blood samples currently. Our work here intends to define an optimum model for PCA-SVM with MLP kernel for classification of flavivirus biomarker, NS1 molecule, from SERS spectra of saliva, which to the best of our knowledge has never been explored. Since performance of the model depends on the PCA criterion and MLP parameters, both are examined in tandem...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264589/minimally-invasive-spinal-surgery-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-spinal-metastasis
#14
Abdulkader Hamad, Leonidas Vachtsevanos, Andrew Cattell, Matthew Ockendon, Birender Balain
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic metastatic spinal disease is on the increase. Minimally invasive spinal surgery has been associated with a lower complication profile when compared to traditional open methods; however there is paucity of literature evaluating the place of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) in the management of spinal metastases. The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS) using PPSF with or without mini-decompression in the management of symptomatic spinal metastases...
March 6, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236298/mental-association-testing-individual-differences-before-binet
#15
Annette Mülberger
This paper challenges the historiographical discontinuity established between earlier "anthropometric testing" and the arrival of "psychological testing" with Binet and Simon's intelligence test in 1905. After some conceptual clarifications, it deals with "word association": a kind of psychological experimentation and testing which became popular over the last two decades of the 19th century. First Galton's exploration are presented, followed by experiments performed at the Leipzig laboratory by Trautscholdt, and then Cattell and Bryant's collective testing...
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227928/pca-criterion-for-svm-mlp-classifier-for-flavivirus-biomarker-from-salivary-sers-spectra-at-febrile-stage
#16
A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar, A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar, Khuan Y Lee, A R M Radzol, I S Omar, W Mansor
Non-structural protein (NS1) has been conceded as one of the biomarkers for flavivirus that causes diseases with life threatening consequences. NS1 is an antigen that allows detection of the illness at febrile stage, mostly from blood samples currently. Our work here intends to define an optimum model for PCA-SVM with MLP kernel for classification of flavivirus biomarker, NS1 molecule, from SERS spectra of saliva, which to the best of our knowledge has never been explored. Since performance of the model depends on the PCA criterion and MLP parameters, both are examined in tandem...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221074/earl-busby-hunt-1933-2016
#17
Anthony G Greenwald
Presents an obituary for Earl Busby Hunt-known to family, friends, and colleagues as Buz-who died at home in Bellevue, Washington, on April 12, 2016. Buz specialized in artificial intelligence (AI) and had a main focus in cognitive psychology. In fact he was editor of Cognitive Psychology from 1974-1987. Buz's honors include the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Society for Intelligence Research (2009) and the Cattell Award from the Association for Psychological Science (2011) for lifetime contributions...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187122/overt-and-covert-anxiety-as-a-toxic-factor-in-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women-the-link-between-psychological-factors-and-heart-disease
#18
Alicja Nasiłowska-Barud, Tomasz Zapolski, Małgorzata Barud, Andrzej Wysokiński
BACKGROUND Long-term clinical observations have shown that anxiety disorders influence the etiopathogenesis of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in women. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of the structure of overt and covert anxiety, and to examine the impact of the severity of anxiety on five personality traits as described Costa and McCrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study involved 50 women aged 37 to 74 years, who were treated because of IHD that was confirmed by angiographic examination of the coronary vessels...
February 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152390/fluid-reasoning-predicts-future-mathematical-performance-among-children-and-adolescents
#19
Chloe T Green, Silvia A Bunge, Victoria Briones Chiongbian, Maia Barrow, Emilio Ferrer
The aim of this longitudinal study was to determine whether fluid reasoning (FR) plays a significant role in the acquisition of mathematics skills above and beyond the effects of other cognitive and numerical abilities. Using a longitudinal cohort sequential design, we examined how FR measured at three assessment occasions, spaced approximately 1.5years apart, predicted math outcomes for a group of 69 participants between ages 6 and 21years across all three assessment occasions. We used structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the direct and indirect relations between children's previous cognitive abilities and their future math achievement...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122970/deciphering-the-routes-of-invasion-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-means-of-abc-random-forest
#20
Antoine Fraimout, Vincent Debat, Simon Fellous, Ruth A Hufbauer, Julien Foucaud, Pierre Pudlo, Jean-Michel Marin, Donald K Price, Julien Cattel, Xiao Chen, Marindia Deprá, Pierre François Duyck, Christelle Guedot, Marc Kenis, Masahito T Kimura, Gregory Loeb, Anne Loiseau, Isabel Martinez-Sañudo, Marta Pascual, Maxi Polihronakis Richmond, Peter Shearer, Nadia Singh, Koichiro Tamura, Anne Xuéreb, Jinping Zhang, Arnaud Estoup
Deciphering invasion routes from molecular data is crucial to understanding biological invasions, including identifying bottlenecks in population size and admixture among distinct populations. Here, we unravel the invasion routes of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii using a multi-locus microsatellite dataset (25 loci on 23 worldwide sampling locations). To do this, we use approximate Bayesian computation (ABC), which has improved the reconstruction of invasion routes, but can be computationally expensive...
April 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
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