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Leila Valizadeh, Mohammad Bager Hosseini, Zhilla Heydarpoor Damanabad, Mahni Rahkar Farshi, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi, Fatemeh Ranjbar Kochaksaraie
Introduction: Neonatal intensive care unit induces the high level of anxiety for mothers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of NICU orientation program on the anxiety of mothers who had preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial (three parallel groups). Participants included 99 mothers with preterm newborns hospitalized in NICU of Al- Zahra hospital, affiliated to Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of three groups (film, booklet, and control)...
September 2016: Journal of Caring Sciences
Tyler Square, David Jandzik, Maria Cattell, Andrew Hansen, Daniel Meulemans Medeiros
Neural crest cells (NCCs) are highly patterned embryonic cells that migrate along stereotyped routes to give rise to a diverse array of adult tissues and cell types. Modern NCCs are thought to have evolved from migratory neural precursors with limited developmental potential and patterning. How this occurred is poorly understood. Endothelin signaling regulates several aspects of NCC development, including their migration, differentiation, and patterning. In jawed vertebrates, Endothelin signaling involves multiple functionally distinct ligands (Edns) and receptors (Ednrs) expressed in various NCC subpopulations...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
A Ferchiou, L Todorov, M Lajnef, G Baudin, B Pignon, J-R Richard, M Leboyer, A Szöke, F Schürhoff
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of the study was to explore the factorial structure of the French version of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Brief (SPQ-B) in a Likert format, in a representative sample of the general population. In addition, differences in the dimensional scores of schizotypy according to gender and age were analyzed. As the study in the general population of schizotypal traits and its determinants has been recently proposed as a way toward the understanding of aetiology and pathophysiology of schizophrenia, consistent self-report tools are crucial to measure psychometric schizotypy...
September 16, 2016: L'Encéphale
Hideaki Shibata, James N Galloway, Allison M Leach, Lia R Cattaneo, Laura Cattell Noll, Jan Willem Erisman, Baojing Gu, Xia Liang, Kentaro Hayashi, Lin Ma, Tommy Dalgaard, Morten Graversgaard, Deli Chen, Keisuke Nansai, Junko Shindo, Kazuyo Matsubae, Azusa Oita, Ming-Chien Su, Shin-Ichiro Mishima, Albert Bleeker
Nitrogen (N) management presents a sustainability dilemma: N is strongly linked to energy and food production, but excess reactive N causes environmental pollution. The N footprint is an indicator that quantifies reactive N losses to the environment from consumption and production of food and the use of energy. The average per capita N footprint (calculated using the N-Calculator methodology) of ten countries varies from 15 to 47 kg N capita(-1) year(-1). The major cause of the difference is the protein consumption rates and food production N losses...
September 6, 2016: Ambio
Rajen Govender, Paul Bowen, Peter Edwards, Keith Cattell
Customary beliefs about the cause/s of AIDS are significantly related to whether or not individuals will undergo HIV testing. This study examined the cultural beliefs of construction workers in terms of their demographic and lifestyle behavioural characteristics, and their AIDS-related knowledge and stigma attitudes, to help inform improved work-based AIDS-education interventions by construction firms. A total of 512 workers drawn from 6 firms operating on 18 construction sites in the Western Cape province participated in the study...
September 2, 2016: AIDS Care
Nicholas F Benson, John H Kranzler, Randy G Floyd
Prior research examining cognitive ability and academic achievement relations have been based on different theoretical models, have employed both latent variables as well as observed variables, and have used a variety of analytic methods. Not surprisingly, results have been inconsistent across studies. The aims of this study were to (a) examine how relations between psychometric g, Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) broad abilities, and academic achievement differ across higher-order and bifactor models; (b) examine how well various types of observed scores corresponded with latent variables; and (c) compare two types of observed scores (i...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
Sofia Westermark, Elena Rangelova, Christoph Ansorge, Lars Lundell, Ralf Segersvärd, Marco Del Chiaro
BACKGROUND: The recent development of new neo-adjuvant treatment regimens associated with a higher success rate of down-staging has increased the interest of pancreatic surgeons on the role of extended surgery for patients affected by locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Pancreatectomy together with resection of the portal/superior mesenteric vein is considered nowadays standard of care for patients affected by pancreatic cancer. However, the resection of major abdominal arteries is still debatable...
August 25, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Sherita N Chapman Smith, Prasanthi Govindarajan, Matthew M Padrick, Jason M Lippman, Timothy L McMurry, Brian L Resler, Kevin Keenan, Brian S Gunnell, Prachi Mehndiratta, Christina Y Chee, Elizabeth A Cahill, Cameron Dietiker, David C Cattell-Gordon, Wade S Smith, Debra G Perina, Nina J Solenski, Bradford B Worrall, Andrew M Southerland
OBJECTIVES: In this 2-center study, we assessed the technical feasibility and reliability of a low cost, tablet-based mobile telestroke option for ambulance transport and hypothesized that the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) could be performed with similar reliability between remote and bedside examinations. METHODS: We piloted our mobile telemedicine system in 2 geographic regions, central Virginia and the San Francisco Bay Area, utilizing commercial cellular networks for videoconferencing transmission...
July 5, 2016: Neurology
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
Exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic studies were not reported in the Technical Manual for the Woodcock-Johnson, 4th ed. Cognitive (WJ IV Cognitive; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014b) Instead, the internal structure of the WJ IV Cognitive was extrapolated from analyses based on the full WJ IV test battery (Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014b). Even if the veracity of extrapolating from the WJ IV full battery were accepted, there were shortcomings in the choices of analyses used and only limited information regarding those analyses was presented in the WJ IV Technical Manual (McGrew, Laforte, & Shrank, 2014)...
June 9, 2016: Psychological Assessment
Ahmad-Reza Jamshidi, Arash Tehrani Banihashemi, Pedram Paragomi, Maryam Hasanzadeh, Mozhgan Barghamdi, Shima Ghoroghi
Psychiatric disorders occur in a considerable proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study was conducted in order to evaluate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Iranian RA patients. In the cross sectional study, 414 RA patients were enrolled prospectively during a period of 6 months from RA clinic of Rheumatology Research Center. Beck's and Cattell's inventories were applied to investigate depression and anxiety in RA patients. RA activity was measured by Disease Activity Score and patients' disability was assessed by Health Assessment Questionnaire...
August 2016: Rheumatology International
Dong Luo, Saroash Shahid, Rory M Wilson, Michael J Cattell, Gleb B Sukhorukov
This work demonstrates the synthesis of new chlorhexidine polymorphs with controlled morphology and symmetry, which were used as a template for layer-by-layer (LbL) encapsulation. LbL self-assembly of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes onto the drug surface was used in the current work, as an efficient method to produce a carrier with high drug content, improved drug solubility and sustained release. Coprecipitation of the chlorhexidine polymorphs was performed using chlorhexidine diacetate and calcium chloride solutions...
May 25, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib, Sankalp Khanna, Norm M Good, Justin Boyle, Rohan Cattell, Liam Heiniger, Bronwyn R Griffin, Anthony Jr Bell, James Lind, Ian A Scott
OBJECTIVE: We explored the relationship between the National Emergency Access Target (NEAT) compliance rate, defined as the proportion of patients admitted or discharged from emergency departments (EDs) within 4 hours of presentation, and the risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality of patients admitted to hospital acutely from EDs. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective observational study of all de-identified episodes of care involving patients who presented acutely to the EDs of 59 Australian hospitals between 1 July 2010 and 30 June 2014...
May 16, 2016: Medical Journal of Australia
J Cattel, J Martinez, F Jiggins, L Mouton, P Gibert
The maternally inherited bacterium Wolbachia is well known for spreading in natural populations by manipulating the reproduction of its arthropod hosts, but can also have mutualist effects that increase host fitness. In mosquitoes and Drosophila some Wolbachia strains can lead to an increase in survival of virus-infected insects, and in most cases this is associated with reduced accumulation of the virus in host tissues. We investigated if the Wolbachia strain wSuz, which naturally infects Drosophila suzukii, is able to confer protection against Drosophila C virus and Flock House virus in different host genetic backgrounds...
October 2016: Insect Molecular Biology
Edoardo Virgilio, Pietro Maria Amodio, Alessandro Scorsi, Angelo Goglia, Raffaele Macarone Palmieri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the surgical treatment of choice for cephalopancreatic cancer representing the only hope of cure. Since its first description in 1935 by Allan Whipple, several modifications have been proposed. The execution of the Cattell-Braasch maneuver of intestinal derotation (ID) in the course of PD, by restoring the entire bowel to its embryological position, could represent a further and multiexpedient variant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied 45 consecutive pancreatic cancer patients treated with Whipple-Child PD in which the Cattell-Braasch procedure of ID was performed as integrative part of the intervention...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Katina McCulloch, Laetitia Lenaerts, Yves C Vanlandewijck
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that cognitive and motor skills are related. The precise impact of cognitive impairment on sport proficiency, however, is unknown. AIMS: This study investigated group and individual differences in cognitive profiles in a large cohort of track and field athletes, basketball players, swimmers and table tennis players with (N=468) and without (N=162) intellectual disabilities (ID). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Based on the Cattell-Horn-Carroll Theory of Cognitive abilities, eight subtests were selected for inclusion in a generic cognitive test (GCT) to assess executive functions and cognitive abilities relevant to sport, i...
June 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Alessandra Cantarella, Erika Borella, Barbara Carretti, Matthias Kliegel, Rossana de Beni
OBJECTIVE: The impact of working memory (WM) training on everyday life functioning has rarely been examined, and it is not clear whether WM training gains are transferred to reasoning abilities. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a verbal WM training in older adults, in terms of specific gains and transfer effects to everyday life and reasoning abilities. METHOD: Thirty-six community dwelling older adults (from 65 to 75 years of age) were randomly assigned to a training or an active control group...
March 10, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Julien Cattel, Rupinder Kaur, Patricia Gibert, Julien Martinez, Antoine Fraimout, Francis Jiggins, Thibault Andrieux, Stefanos Siozios, Gianfranco Anfora, Wolfgang Miller, Omar Rota-Stabelli, Laurence Mouton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: PloS One
Julien Cattel, Rupinder Kaur, Patricia Gibert, Julien Martinez, Antoine Fraimout, Francis Jiggins, Thibault Andrieux, Stefanos Siozios, Gianfranco Anfora, Wolfgang Miller, Omar Rota-Stabelli, Laurence Mouton
The invasive pest Drosophila suzukii is characterized by a specific fresh-fruit targeting behavior and has quickly become a menace for the fruit economy of newly infested North American and European regions. D. suzukii carries a strain of the endosymbiotic bacterium Wolbachia, named wSuz, which has a low infection frequency and no reproductive manipulation capabilities in American populations of D. suzukii. To further understand the nature of wSuz biology and assess its utility as a tool for controlling this pest's populations, we investigated the prevalence of Wolbachia in 23 European D...
2016: PloS One
Christopher M Halloran, Kellie Platt, Abbie Gerard, Fotis Polydoros, Derek A O'Reilly, Dhanwant Gomez, Andrew Smith, John P Neoptolemos, Zahir Soonwalla, Mark Taylor, Jane M Blazeby, Paula Ghaneh
BACKGROUND: Failure of the pancreatic remnant anastomosis to heal following pancreato-duodenectomy is a major cause of significant and life-threatening complications, notably a post-operative pancreatic fistula. Recently, non-randomized trials have shown superiority of a most intuitive anastomosis (Blumgart technique), which involves both a duct-to-mucosa and a full-thickness pancreatic "U" stitch, in effect a mattress stitch, over a standard duct-mucosa technique (Cattell-Warren). The aim of this study is to examine if these findings remain within a randomized setting...
2016: Trials
Caroline Scheiber
This study explored whether the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition (KABC-II) predicted academic achievement outcomes of the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement-Second Edition (KTEA-II) equally well across a representative sample of African American, Hispanic, and Caucasian school-aged children (N = 2,001) in three grade groups (1-4, 5-8, 9-12). It was of interest to study possible prediction bias in the slope and intercept of the five underlying Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) cognitive factors of the KABC-II-Sequential/Gsm (Short-Term Memory), Learning/Glr (Long-Term Storage and Retrieval), Simultaneous/Gv (Visual Processing), Planning/Gf (Fluid Reasoning), and Knowledge/Gc (Crystallized Ability)-in estimating reading, writing, and math...
January 6, 2016: Assessment
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