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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200503/from-eminent-men-to-excellent-universities-university-rankings-as-calculative-devices
#1
Björn Hammarfelt, Sarah de Rijcke, Paul Wouters
Global university rankings have become increasingly important 'calculative devices' for assessing the 'quality' of higher education and research. Their ability to make characteristics of universities 'calculable' is here exemplified by the first proper university ranking ever, produced as early as 1910 by the American psychologist James McKeen Cattell. Our paper links the epistemological rationales behind the construction of this ranking to the sociopolitical context in which Cattell operated: an era in which psychology became institutionalized against the backdrop of the eugenics movement, and in which statistics of science became used to counter a perceived decline in 'great men...
2017: Minerva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180978/emotion-regulation-ability-and-resilience-in-a-sample-of-adolescents-from-a-suburban-area
#2
José M Mestre, Juan M Núñez-Lozano, Rocío Gómez-Molinero, Antonio Zayas, Rocío Guil
Earlier research has identified a remarkable number of related factors to resilience during adolescence. Historically, theoretical treatments of resilience have been focused almost exclusively on psychosocial levels of analysis to derive explanatory models. However, there is insufficient understanding of the role of emotion regulation explaining competent functioning despite the experience of adversity (resilience), especially during adolescence. This study explores the relationship between both, emotional regulation abilities and strategies, and resilience in a sample of adolescents from suburbs high-schools (Jerez de la Frontera, Spain)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104327/dayside-response-of-the-magnetosphere-to-a-small-shock-compression-van-allen-probes-magnetospheric-multiscale-and-goes-13
#3
C Cattell, A Breneman, C Colpitts, J Dombeck, S Thaller, S Tian, J Wygant, J Fennell, M K Hudson, Robert Ergun, C T Russell, Roy Torbert, Per-Arne Lindqvist, J Burch
Observations from Magnetospheric MultiScale (~8 Re) and Van Allen Probes (~5 and 4 Re) show that the initial dayside response to a small interplanetary shock is a double-peaked dawnward electric field, which is distinctly different from the usual bipolar (dawnward and then duskward) signature reported for large shocks. The associated E × B flow is radially inward. The shock compressed the magnetopause to inside 8 Re, as observed by Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS), with a speed that is comparable to the E × B flow...
September 16, 2017: Geophysical Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938846/predictive-value-of-traditional-measures-of-executive-function-on-broad-abilities-of-the-cattell-horn-carroll-theory-of-cognitive-abilities
#4
Loes van Aken, Paul T van der Heijden, Wouter Oomens, Roy P C Kessels, Jos I M Egger
The neuropsychological construct of executive functions (EFs), and the psychometric Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities are both approaches that attempt to describe cognitive functioning. The coherence between EF and CHC abilities has been mainly studied using factor-analytical techniques. Through multivariate regression analysis, the current study now assesses the integration of these latent constructs in clinical assessment. The predictive power of six widely used executive tasks on five CHC measures (crystallized and fluid intelligence, visual processing, short-term memory, and processing speed) is examined...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801973/cognitive-functioning-in-children-with-self-limited-epilepsy-with-centrotemporal-spikes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Steven Wickens, Stephen C Bowden, Wendyl D'Souza
OBJECTIVE: It is now well appreciated that benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS, or more recently, ECTS) is associated with a range of cognitive and behavioral disturbances. Despite our improved understanding of cognitive functioning in ECTS, there have been to date no efforts to quantitatively synthesize the available literature within a comprehensive cognitive framework. METHODS: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines...
October 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782396/the-comparison-of-intelligence-levels-of-children-born-to-kidney-or-liver-transplant-women-with-children-of-healthy-mothers
#6
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Natalia Mazanowska, Miroslaw Wielgos, Bronislawa Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after transplantation is associated with high risk of complications and prenatal exposure to immunosuppressants. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the intellectual development of children born to women after organ transplantation. AIMS: A comparison of intelligence levels in 78 children of kidney or liver transplant women of 78 children born to healthy mothers. The assessment of intellectual level in children was conducted by psychologists and evaluated using age-adjusted intelligence tests (Psyche Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale, Terman-Merril Intelligence Scale or the Scales of Raven's Progressive Matrices)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762880/the-structure-of-intelligence-in-childhood-age-and-socio-familiar-impact-on-cognitive-differentiation
#7
Ana Azevedo Martins, Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Ana Filipa Alves, Leandro da Silva Almeida
The Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory is the principal model at present to define and assess intelligence. However, several authors have suggested that the structure of intelligence is not stable throughout life. For example, children tend to present a general ability, which is invested in the development of specific and differentiated abilities during adolescence, reflecting the effect of schooling, experiences, and interests. In this study, an intelligence nine subtests battery was applied to a sample of 470 5-, 7-, and 9-year-old Portuguese children, from public and private basic schools...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749159/hierarchical-exploratory-factor-analyses-of-the-woodcock-johnson-iv-full-test-battery-implications-for-chc-application-in-school-psychology
#8
Stefan C Dombrowski, Ryan J McGill, Gary L Canivez
The Woodcock-Johnson (fourth edition; WJ IV; Schrank, McGrew, & Mather, 2014a) was recently redeveloped and retains its linkage to Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory (CHC). Independent reviews (e.g., Canivez, 2017) and investigations (Dombrowski, McGill, & Canivez, 2017) of the structure of the WJ IV full test battery and WJ IV Cognitive have suggested the need for additional factor analytic exploration. Accordingly, the present study used principal axis factoring (PAF) followed by the Schmid and Leiman (SL; Schmid & Leiman, 1957) procedure with the 2 school-aged correlation matrices from the normative sample to determine the degree to which the WJ IV total battery structure could be replicated...
July 27, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707889/gold-nanorod-mediated-chlorhexidine-microparticle-formation-and-near-infrared-light-induced-release
#9
Dong Luo, Md Samiul Hasan, Saroash Shahid, Boris N Khlebtsov, Michael J Cattell, Gleb B Sukhorukov
Gold nanorods (GNR) are good light harvesting species for elaboration of near-infrared (NIR) responsive drug delivery systems. Herein, chlorhexidine microparticles are grown directly on the surface of gold nanorods and then stabilized with polyelectrolyte multilayer encapsulation, producing novel composite drug-GNR particles with high drug loading and NIR light sensitivity. Crystallization of chlorhexidine is caused by the ionic strength of the chloride solution that has been demonstrated via formation of a homogeneous porous spherical structure at 0...
July 31, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677910/factors-associated-with-progression-in-the-london-pathway-project
#10
Darrick Jolliffe, Jack Cattell, Annabelle Raza, Philip Minoudis
BACKGROUND: The London Pathways Partnership (LPP) Community Service is an approach to mainstreaming the identification of offenders with severe personality disorder to address their needs and reduce their risk. AIMS: To evaluate the result of the full-scale implementation of the LPP and evaluate factors associated with an offender's progression on the pathway. METHOD: The data collected as part of the LPP project and Offender Assessment System data were used to evaluate who was screened into the pathway and their progression on the pathway...
July 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677902/evaluating-the-impact-of-the-london-pathway-project
#11
Darrick Jolliffe, Jack Cattell, Annabelle Raza, Philip Minoudis
BACKGROUND: The London Pathway Project (LPP) is an innovative whole-systems approach to addressing the needs of offenders who have severe personality disorder, with the goal of reducing their risk of harm. Previous research has evaluated the initial implementation of the LPP. AIMS: This paper focused on evaluating the impact of the LPP on a number of criminogenic needs over time and its impact on the risk of reoffending and harm compared with a similar group who did not experience the pathway...
July 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506124/fluid-intelligence-a-brief-history
#12
Phillip Kent
The concept of fluid and crystallized intelligence was introduced to the psychological community approximately 75 years ago by Raymond B. Cattell, and it continues to be an area of active research and controversy. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the origin of the concept, early efforts to define intelligence and uses of intelligence tests to address pressing social issues, and the ongoing controversies associated with fluid intelligence and the structure of intelligence. The putative neuropsychological underpinnings and neurological substrates of fluid intelligence are discussed...
July 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479971/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-scale
#13
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
The Greek version of the Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) was developed to respond to the need of Greek-speaking individuals. The translated questionnaire was administered to 128 HIV outpatients (aged 37.1±9.1) and 166 control patients (aged 32.4±13.4). In addition to the DTS Greek scale, subjects were assessed with two other scales useful for assessing validity. For each factor analyses two components were extracted, based on Cattell's scree test. The two components solution accounted for 55.34% of the total variation in case of frequency variables and 61...
March 22, 2017: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456351/synthesis-of-novel-chlorhexidine-spheres-with-controlled-release-from-a-udma-hema-resin-using-ultrasound
#14
Dong Luo, Saroash Shahid, Gleb B Sukhorukov, Michael J Cattell
OBJECTIVE: Establish the release kinetics of new chlorhexidine particles incorporated in a dental resin, and with the application of ultrasound. METHODS: Spherical chlorhexidine particles (SCP) were synthesized (5wt%), freeze dried and incorporated into UDMA-HEMA resins. Chlorhexidine diacetate (CDP) (5wt%) was similarly incorporated in separate resins. Resin discs were immersed in deionized water, and a release profile established (650h). Ultrasound was used to trigger chlorhexidine (CHX) release from the resin discs at specific durations (10-30s) and time intervals (1-425h)...
June 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374453/construct-validity-of-the-wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-fourth-uk-edition-with-a-referred-irish-sample-wechsler-and-cattell-horn-carroll-model-comparisons-with-15-subtests
#15
Gary L Canivez, Marley W Watkins, Rebecca Good, Kate James, Trevor James
BACKGROUND: Irish educational psychologists frequently use the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth UK Edition (WISC-IV(UK) ; Wechsler, 2004, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth UK Edition, London, UK, Harcourt Assessment) in clinical assessments of children with learning difficulties. Unfortunately, reliability and validity studies of the WISC-IV(UK) standardization sample have not yet been reported. Watkins et al. (2013, International Journal of School and Educational Psychology, 1, 102) found support for a bifactor structure with a large sample (N = 794) of Irish children who were administered the 10 WISC-IV(UK) core subtests in clinical assessments of learning difficulties and dominance of general intelligence...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317044/an-intuitive-method-of-duct-to-mucosa-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-use-of-one-step-circumferential-interrupted-sutures
#16
Moonwhan Kim, Woo Young Shin, Keon-Young Lee, Seung-Ik Ahn
Pancreaticoenteric anastomosis is the origin of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Although a variety of methods have been proposed to decrease the POPF rate, randomized controlled trials performed so far have failed to demonstrate superiority of any particular method to the others. Cattell-Warren duct-to-mucosa pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is a widely practiced procedure. Their method is challenging, especially when the pancreatic duct is small. We assumed that the difficulty resides in the pancreatic duct becoming difficult to access when the posterior row is tied before suturing the anterior row...
February 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269669/pca-criterion-for-svm-mlp-classifier-for-flavivirus-biomarker-from-salivary-sers-spectra-at-febrile-stage
#17
A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar
Non-structural protein (NS1) has been conceded as one of the biomarkers for flavivirus that causes diseases with life threatening consequences. NS1 is an antigen that allows detection of the illness at febrile stage, mostly from blood samples currently. Our work here intends to define an optimum model for PCA-SVM with MLP kernel for classification of flavivirus biomarker, NS1 molecule, from SERS spectra of saliva, which to the best of our knowledge has never been explored. Since performance of the model depends on the PCA criterion and MLP parameters, both are examined in tandem...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264589/minimally-invasive-spinal-surgery-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-spinal-metastasis
#18
Abdulkader Hamad, Leonidas Vachtsevanos, Andrew Cattell, Matthew Ockendon, Birender Balain
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic metastatic spinal disease is on the increase. Minimally invasive spinal surgery has been associated with a lower complication profile when compared to traditional open methods; however there is paucity of literature evaluating the place of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) in the management of spinal metastases. The purpose of the study is to assess the efficacy of Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS) using PPSF with or without mini-decompression in the management of symptomatic spinal metastases...
March 6, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236298/mental-association-testing-individual-differences-before-binet
#19
Annette Mülberger
This paper challenges the historiographical discontinuity established between earlier "anthropometric testing" and the arrival of "psychological testing" with Binet and Simon's intelligence test in 1905. After some conceptual clarifications, it deals with "word association": a kind of psychological experimentation and testing which became popular over the last two decades of the 19th century. First Galton's exploration are presented, followed by experiments performed at the Leipzig laboratory by Trautscholdt, and then Cattell and Bryant's collective testing...
March 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227928/pca-criterion-for-svm-mlp-classifier-for-flavivirus-biomarker-from-salivary-sers-spectra-at-febrile-stage
#20
A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar, A R M Radzol, Khuan Y Lee, W Mansor, I S Omar, Khuan Y Lee, A R M Radzol, I S Omar, W Mansor
Non-structural protein (NS1) has been conceded as one of the biomarkers for flavivirus that causes diseases with life threatening consequences. NS1 is an antigen that allows detection of the illness at febrile stage, mostly from blood samples currently. Our work here intends to define an optimum model for PCA-SVM with MLP kernel for classification of flavivirus biomarker, NS1 molecule, from SERS spectra of saliva, which to the best of our knowledge has never been explored. Since performance of the model depends on the PCA criterion and MLP parameters, both are examined in tandem...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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