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Dermatologic Surgery complications

Ugonna E Ezeh, Harper N Price, Mohan V Belthur
We report on a rare case of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) from Mastisol liquid adhesive. We are aware of a few reports in the medical literature, but none describes an allergic reaction during the third exposure to the offending agent. Our patient was a 20-year-old Caucasian man with a history of cerebral palsy spastic hemiplegia who underwent single-event multilevel soft-tissue surgery to optimize function of his left upper extremity. He developed a severe cutaneous allergic reaction after his third exposure to Mastisol...
September 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews
Ø Grimstad, T Tzellos, D N Dufour, Ø Bremnes, I M Skoie, I Snekvik, E Jarnaess, A Kyrgidis, G Ingvarsson
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) substantially affects health-related quality-of-life outcomes. Most treatment options are supported by low quality of evidence without validated outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of surgical and medical interventions using physician- and patient-reported outcomes registered in HISREG. METHODS: Data were extracted for all adult patients registered in HISREG between January 2013 and April 2016...
November 19, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Hyung Su Kim, Chong Won Choi, Bo Ri Kim, Sang Woong Youn
Importance: The main treatment of lower eye bags is changing from fat removal techniques to fat repositioning techniques. However, fat repositioning techniques have potential complications because of disruption of the middle lamellae, leading to contracture and shortening. Objective: To determine whether transconjunctival fat removal followed by resected fat grafting is an effective alternative method of eye bag treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study of 229 consecutive patients who underwent transconjunctival fat removal followed by resected fat grafting from November 1, 2011, to October 31, 2017, was conducted by review of medical records from the Seoul H Dermatology Clinic in Seoul, Korea...
November 8, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Birgitte Skjærbæk Aggerholm, Mads Kirchheiner Rasmussen, Mette Meinert
In this case report a 42-year-old woman presented with a long history of hidrosadenitis suppurativa (HS). Due to recurrent abscesses and post-operative complications, she underwent 69 operations in general anaesthesia as well as numerous incisions in local anaesthesia in 2013-2017. The abscesses were repeatedly treated with simple incisions, although a Danish guideline from 2016 does not recommend this procedure as treatment of patients with HS, since there is a high rate of recurrence. This illustrates the necessity of increasing knowledge of the treatment of HS...
November 5, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Jose Vale, Yijun Pang, Arthur Kumpf, David Fitkin, Scott Drew
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous squamous cell cancer (cSCC) is a common condition, with straight forward and well-known heuristics regarding diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance. cSCC arising in an epidermal inclusion cyst is rare, but not unheard of. In contrast, the authors' are unaware of any prior reports of cSCC arising in an epidermal inclusion cyst within an atypical cavernous and cavitating lesion in the perineum. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 48-year-old male presented with a cavitating and rapidly growing cutaneous perineal lesion...
October 29, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Meth Ruvinda Delpachitra, Clare Heal, Jennifer Banks, Pranav Divakaran, Mrinal Pawar
OBJECTIVE: To identify patient- and procedure-related risk factors for surgical site infection following minor dermatological surgery. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Informit, and Scopus databases were searched for relevant literature on patient populations receiving minor surgery, where risk factors for surgical site infection were explicitly stated. STUDY SELECTION: Studies involving major dermatological surgery were excluded...
October 30, 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Susumu Hirosako, Kazuyoshi Nakamura, Shohei Hamada, Kazuaki Sugahara, Chieko Yoshida, Sho Saeki, Keisuke Kojima, Shinichiro Okamoto, Hidenori Ichiyasu, Kazuhiko Fujii, Hirotsugu Kohrogi
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in medicine, patients with pulmonary diseases have become candidates for surgery under general anesthesia. They often consult pulmonologists to assess their tolerability for surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significant characteristics responsible for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) and the preclusion of the planned surgery. METHODS: The clinical data of 462 consecutive patients who consulted at the Department of Respiratory Medicine before surgery under general anesthesia were used in this study...
November 2018: Respiratory Investigation
B Saka, A E Abilogoun-Chokki, S Akakpo, J Teclessou, G W Soga, G Mahamadou, W Gnassingbe, A Mouhari-Toure, K Kombate, E D Dosseh, V P Pitche
The aim of this study was to document the profile and causes of chronic leg ulcers (CLU) in patients hospitalized in Lomé, Togo. This retrospective study reviewed records from the dermatology departments (CHU Sylvanus Olympio and Campus, and the dermatology center of Gbossimé) from 2000 to 2017 and from the general surgery department of CHU Sylvanus Olympio from 2013 to 2017 to identify cases. In all, 125 cases of CLU were identified during the study period. The patients' mean age was 56.6 years and the sex ratio (M/F) was 0...
August 8, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Brayden Forbes, Aaron M Secrest, Matthew Q Hand, Mark J Eliason
Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe and evaluate the process of implementing a routine telephone follow-up (TFU) system for capturing postoperative complications or concerns among Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) patients. Design: Postoperatively, patients were called twice: 1) within 24 to 48 hours to assess bleeding, swelling, and pain control; and 2) at one week to assess wound care, signs of infection, or other concerns. Setting: The study took place in a single-institution academic dermatology department with five fellowship-trained Mohs surgeons...
July 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Aakash Desai, Anand Krishnan, Ahmed Zaghloul, Mitchell McClure
Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a specialised micrographic technique used for the treatment of locally invasive skin cancers. Despite being a relatively low risk surgery, the overall complication rates range between 1.6% and 3%. Common complications include postoperative haemorrhage, haematoma formation, wound infection, wound dehiscence and flap/graft necrosis. Osteomyelitis after dermatological cancer surgery is exceedingly rare. There have only been two cases of osteomyelitis in association with Mohs surgery reported in the literature to date...
July 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Corey DeWitt, Todd Holmes
BACKGROUND: Island pedicle flaps (IPFs) are a frequently used reconstructive option in dermatologic surgery. With variations in its execution, the flap can be used for an assortment of facial defects. OBJECTIVE: To describe the execution of a flipped IPF for the reconstruction of medium to large preauricular wounds after Mohs micrographic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An analysis of the flipped IPF reconstruction of 12 preauricular defects is presented...
July 16, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Thomas Nichols
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine relationships among social interaction, health utility, and peristomal skin status in adults with ostomies. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: 15,591 persons residing in the United States were randomly selected from 3 multinational proprietary databases of individuals who had undergone surgery. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional assessment utilizing the SF36v2 survey instrument...
September 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Adam Schmitt, Jennifer DePry, Sheena Tsai, Jeremy Bordeaux
BACKGROUND: As the number of cutaneous surgeries continues to increase, it is important to evaluate the safety of dermatologic surgery in the outpatient setting. OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine postoperative bleeding, infection, dehiscence, and necrosis rates in office-based dermatologic surgery using large flap, large graft, and interpolation flap repairs. The authors evaluated the relationship between these complications and surgical site, closure type, repair size, antibiotic use, and antithrombotic use...
June 27, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Alejandra Tomás-Velázquez, Pedro Redondo
Importance: Forehead reconstruction after Mohs surgery has become a challenge for dermatology surgeons, and achieving an excellent cosmetic and functional result is imperative in this location. Objective: To highlight the utility of a frontalis myocutaneous transposition flap (FMTF) for forehead reconstruction after Mohs surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: Surgical technique case series including 12 patients with large forehead defects recruited between January 2010 and June 2017 at the Dermatology Department of the University Clinic of Navarra, Spain...
June 1, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
Natasha Cowan, Alina Goldenberg, Pallavi Basu, Robert Eilers, Jennifer Hau, Shang I Brian Jiang
BACKGROUND: Clinically large cutaneous tumors and those with aggressive subclinical extension (ASE) often require wider margins and increased operative time during Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). Our goal is to improve dermatologic surgeons' counseling information on complication risks for aggressive tumors. OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence of postoperative complications in MMS patients, with a focus on differences between aggressive and non-aggressive tumors...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
C Delvaux, B Richert, P Lecerf, J André
BACKGROUND: Onychopapilloma (OP) is a benign longitudinal nail bed tumour usually presenting as longitudinal erythronychia. Evidence-based recommendations for proper histologic sectioning and definitive surgical management are not available. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was threefold. The first was to review the clinical and histopathological features of all OP diagnosed in our department. The second was to identify the most accurate histological technique...
November 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Lilia Arguello-Guerra, Estefanía Vargas-Chandomid, Jose Manuel Díaz-González, Silvia Méndez-Flores, Ana Ruelas-Villavicencio, Judith Domínguez-Cherit
Introduction: Surgery is performed more frequently now at days, due to the increasing incidence of melanoma and no-melanoma skin cancer. There are different opinions among dermatologic surgeons between to continue or discontinue antithrombotic therapy prior to the procedure, which increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Prophylaxis with oral antibiotics in the postsurgical period is controversial. Objective: To report the safety of surgery without suspending antithrombotic therapy and without oral antibiotic prophylaxis in dermatology surgery of patients with multiple comorbidities and polypharmacy...
2018: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Diana Crisan, Karin Scharffetter-Kochanek, Sabine Kastler, Maria Crisan, Avram Manea, Katja Wagner, Lars Alexander Schneider
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing dermatosurgical procedures require, unlike adults, particular attention; the administration of various analgesics, anesthetics or sedatives requires a thorough knowledge of drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Furthermore, there are concerns that drugs used for sedation/general anesthesia may result in anesthetic/analgesic complications in children undergoing surgery, with a risk of impaired mental development. OBJECTIVES: Based on our clinical experience and a literature review, we illustrate the most commonly used analgesic, anesthetic and sedative drugs in pediatric dermatosurgery, and identify risk factors and complications following dermatosurgical procedures...
March 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Natale G De Santo
On August 2, 2017 died in London Professor Robin A.J. Eady, retired professor of Dermatology and pioneer and long-lasting survivor in dialysis therapy. He had been diagnosed proteinuria at the age of 9 years and had started dialysis therapy in Seattle in 1963 under the care of Belding H. Scribner. Subsequently he had received dialysis in Edmonton (Canada) and at Royal Free Hospital in London. In 1987 he had received a successful renal transplant by Peter Morris, Professor of Surgery at Oxford. He had done well for 20 years...
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Maren C Locke, Jeremy C Davis, Ross Joseph Brothers, W Elliot Love
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data providing direct comparison of outcomes, complications, and costs between general and local anesthesia in cutaneous surgery. OBJECTIVE: Analyze the literature from dermatologic and other specialties to compare outcomes, risks, and costs of general and local anesthesia. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of case comparison studies from other specialties comparing outcomes, risks, and/or costs in local versus general anesthesia was performed...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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