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Chronic Dental Diseases

Elena Pavlenkova, Svetlana Pavlenkо, Irina Tkachenko, Alla Sidorova
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Periodontal diseases take second place in the world among dental diseases and tend to be ubiquitous regardless of age, sex and place of residence. According to the modern point of view inflammatory periodontal diseases refer to infectious chronic inflammatory diseases, therefore, the normalization of the microflora of the oral cavity is an essential condition for their rational therapy. The aim: To increase the effectiveness of conservative treatment of chronic generalized periodontitis of the II-nd and III-rd severity using the medication based on the antiseptic Troklosene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Fang Ding, Di Wu, Xiao Han, Li-Jian Cheng, Zheng Sun, Ya-Lin Lv
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the association of periodontal conditions and oral hygiene habits in the Chinese patients with an aortic aneurysm (AA). METHODS: A questionnaire and periodontal examinations were carried out in the AA patients and non-AA volunteers recruited from the Center for Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University between August 2011 and June 2016. General information (e.g., height and weight), history of systemic diseases, and oral hygiene habits (e...
August 8, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Asha Ramesh, Sheeja Varghese, Nadathur D Jayakumar, Sankari Malaiappan
BACKGROUND: Growing evidence suggests that oxidative stress forms a key component in the etiopathogenesis of periodontitis. Studies have shown potential antioxidants responsible for combating the pro-oxidants which stress the periodontium. But, peroxiredoxin-sulfiredoxin system is the least explored in periodontal disease. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 30 participants who fulfilled the inclusion criteria from the Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, India...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Marta Cholewa, Katarzyna Madziarska, Malgorzata Radwan-Oczko
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the association between periodontal conditions and inflammation, nutritional status and calcium-phosphate metabolism disorders in hemodialysis (HD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 128 HD patients divided into two groups: dentate (n = 103) and edentulous (n=25). The following items were assessed: baseline characteristics, age at the start and duration of HD, biochemical data: C-reactive protein (CRP), serum albumin, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathormone...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Leena Äyräväinen, Anna Maria Heikkinen, Antti Kuuliala, Kirsi Ahola, Riitta Koivuniemi, Jaakko Peltola, Anni Suomalainen, Eeva Moilanen, Mari Hämäläinen, Leena Laasonen, Jukka H Meurman, Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo
To study oral health in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with emphasis on disease activity and treatment of RA. In this prospective cohort study 81 RA patients [53 early untreated RA (EURA) and 28 chronic RA (CRA) patients with inadequate response to synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)], underwent rheumatological [Disease Activity Score (28-joint) DAS28] and dental examinations [Total Dental Index (TDI), Decayed Missing Filled Teeth (DMFT) and Decayed Missing Filled Surfaces (DMFS)]...
July 24, 2018: Rheumatology International
Xiao Li, Li Tang, Yong Feng Lin, Gui Fang Xie
BACKGROUND: Postoperative wound healing is an important part of the success of the dental implant surgery. However, in case of complex surgery or unfavorable factors, wound healing is often unsatisfactory. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of vitamin C supplementation in wound healing, following the placement of dental implants with or without bone grafts and patients with chronic periodontitis. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial included 128 patients requiring dental implants to replace missing teeth...
July 24, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Luciana F X A Campos, Jéssica P Cavalcante, Damile P Machado, Edgar Marçal, Paulo G de B Silva, Juliana P M L Rolim
BACKGROUND: Dental caries comprises the most prevalent chronic disease in children worldwide and is considered a public health problem. INTRODUCTION: Few educational oral health applications, directed to the preschool public, are available. The present study aimed at developing an educational game in application format for mobile devices and tested its usability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three children were randomly selected to participate in the study...
July 23, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Tan Sui, Enrico Salvati, Robert A Harper, Hongjia Zhang, Richard M Shelton, Gabriel Landini, Alexander M Korsunsky
Dental caries is one of the most common chronic diseases that affect human teeth. It often initiates in enamel, undermining its mechanical function and structural integrity. Little is known about the enamel demineralisation process caused by dental caries in terms of the microstructural changes and crystallography of the inorganic mineral phase. To improve the understanding of the carious lesion formation process and to help identify efficient treatments, the evolution of the microstructure at the nano-scale in an artificially induced enamel erosion region was probed using advanced synchrotron small-angle and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS and WAXS)...
July 17, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Ji-Hyun Bae, Brice Wilfried Obiang Obounou
Dental caries remains one of the most common chronic diseases affecting children worldwide with a multi-factorial etiology. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between socioeconomic status (SES), dietary intake, food insecurity (FI), and dental caries in Korean children and adolescents. The study utilized data from the 2-year Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted with 1,559 Korean boys and 1,391 girls aged 2 to 18 years from 2012 to 2013. Fathers' education ( P =0...
June 2018: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Clare Death, Graeme Coulson, Uwe Kierdorf, Horst Kierdorf, Richard Ploeg, Simon Firestone, Ian Dohoo, Jasmin Hufschmid
One of the manifestations of chronic fluoride toxicosis in mammals is skeletal fluorosis, which can include lesions of degenerative joint disease (DJD). Although DJD lesions have been less commonly studied than bone or dental lesions in relation to the pathology and epidemiology of fluoride toxicosis, there have been multiple independent studies in various species that have concluded that there appears to be an effect. The mechanisms by which fluoride affects the joints are not clear, but our data provide evidence that chronic excess dietary fluoride intake contributes to DJD...
October 30, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Cecilia P Chung, S Todd Callahan, William O Cooper, William D Dupont, Katherine T Murray, Andrew D Franklin, Kathi Hall, Judith A Dudley, C Michael Stein, Wayne A Ray
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about opioid prescribing for children without severe conditions. We studied the prevalence of and indications for outpatient opioid prescriptions and the incidence of opioid-related adverse events in this population. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study between 1999 and 2014 included Tennessee Medicaid children and adolescents aged 2 to 17 without major chronic diseases, prolonged hospitalization, institutional residence, or evidence of a substance use disorder...
August 2018: Pediatrics
Devlon N Jackson, Susan Passmore, Craig S Fryer, Jie Chen, Dushanka V Kleinman, Alice M Horowitz, James Butler, Mary A Garza, Sandra C Quinn, Stephen B Thomas
BACKGROUND: Mission of Mercy (MOM) emergency dental clinics are a resource for populations lacking access to dental care. We designed a MOM event incorporating health equity components with established community partners who shared a common vision of addressing the oral health, physical health, and social service needs of Maryland and Washington, DC area residents. Although studies have explored associations between oral and chronic health conditions, few studies to our knowledge have examined the relationship between these conditions and receipt of dental services...
July 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Katharine Aldwell, Corinne Caillaud, Olivier Galy, Stéphane Frayon, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
The Pacific Islands are experiencing an obesity epidemic with a rate of overweight and obesity as high as 80% among adults in some Pacific Island nations. Children and adolescents in the region are also affected by overweight and obesity, which is alarming due to the increased likelihood of remaining overweight as an adult. Research supports an association between poor diet and an increased risk of obesity and development of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Excess consumption of free sugars is associated with poorer overall diet quality and increased risk of weight gain, chronic inflammation and dental caries...
July 12, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
C Feeney, N Stanford, S Lee, S Barry
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is an inherited metabolic disorder that results in poorly mineralised bones and teeth. Clinical symptoms vary widely from mild dental anomalies to fatal fetal defects. The most common dental symptoms include exfoliation of the primary incisors before the age of three with little or no root resorption, large pulp chambers, alveolar bone loss and thin dentinal walls. There is generally minimal periodontal inflammation associated with the bony destruction and tooth loss. The general dental practitioner is usually the first clinician to spot signs of the milder forms of HPP...
June 22, 2018: British Dental Journal
Veria Vacchiano, Nicola Frattaruolo, Luca Mancinelli, Matteo Foschi, Antonio Carotenuto, Cinzia Scandellari, Maurizio Piattelli, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Alessandra Lugaresi
BACKGROUND: Teriflunomide is a once-daily oral immunomodulator approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) with a consistent safety profile in clinical trials. We report three cases of multiple teeth loss during teriflunomide treatment. CASE REPORTS: Case 1: a 39 year-old woman started teriflunomide for RRMS, switching from interferon beta. Four months later she complained about mandibular pain followed by the sudden loss of 4 teeth, in the absence of bleeding or trauma...
June 30, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Bárbara Nascimento Albuquerque, Milena Moreira Araújo, Tarcília Aparecida Silva, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota, Sheila Cavalca Cortelli, Fernando Oliveira Costa
There are few studies on the clinical and immunological periodontal status of intensive care unit (ICU) in-patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the periodontal condition among ICU in-patients through clinical and immunological periodontal parameters. From the sample of 373 hospitalized ICU patients, 182 were submitted' to a thorough clinical periodontal and immunological evaluation. Data on bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were collected and gingival sulcular fluid samples were quantified through ELISA on IL-1, IL-6, and MMP-2 for immunological evaluation...
May 2018: Brazilian Dental Journal
Chaofan Li, Nengliang Aaron Yao, Aitian Yin
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate inequality in dental service utilization in Chinese middle-aged and senior adults and changes in inequality over time and to determine the sources of inequality. METHODS: The data included 17 648 individuals aged 45 years and older in 2013 and 15 450 individuals in 2015 who participated in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). The concentration index was used to quantify the degree of inequality...
July 3, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Fabiana-Barros-Marinho Maia, Emerson-Tavares de Sousa, Jossaria-Pereira de Sousa, Kelly-Guedes-Oliveira Scudine, Claudia-Helena-Soares-de Morais Freitas, Fabio-Correia Sampaio, Franklin-Delano-Soares Forte
Background: Subjective aspects of dental prosthesis need in middle-aged adults are poorly explored, especially when the population presents chronic diseases. Objectives: To investigate if the use and necessity of dental prosthesis influence the self-perceptions of health and dental treatment need in middle-aged adults with chronic diseases. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 210 middle-aged adults. Socio-demographic aspects, dental services use, oral and general perceptions of health, dental treatment need and OIDP were assessed using a standardized questionnaire...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Websites of scientific societies of dental traumatology, paediatric dentistry, endodontics, oral-maxillofacial surgery and World Health Organization and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were searched. There were no language restrictions, but the search was limited to the years 1996-2016.Study selectionObservational studies reporting proportions of individuals with at least one TDI (prevalence) and who developed TDI (incidence rate) were considered...
June 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Anja Humbert, Petra Schmage, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: The number of internal diseases, disorders and syndromes (IMDDSs) encountered in dental practice is increasing. Dentists report to feel ill prepared by their undergraduate dental training for the management of IMDDSs. To increase the effectiveness of internal medicine training at dental school it might be necessary to focus on IMDDs encountered by dental students. The aim of our study was to identify IMDDSs dental students come across while treating dental patients during the clinical years of their undergraduate training...
June 22, 2018: BMC Medical Education
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