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Chronic Dental Diseases

Fulvia Costantinides, Gaetano Castronovo, Erica Vettori, Costanza Frattini, Mary Louise Artero, Lorenzo Bevilacqua, Federico Berton, Vanessa Nicolin, Roberto Di Lenarda
Chronic renal failure is a progressive disease characterized by a gradual destruction of nephrons and a consequent reduction of kidney function. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) necessitates renal replacement therapy as peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, or transplantation. Patients affected by ESRD or in hemodialysis are at risk for developing a number of comorbidities including hypertension, anemia, risk of bleeding, susceptibility to infection, medication side effects, and oral manifestations associated with the disease itself and with hemodialysis treatment...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
Tyler H Haeffs, Christopher A Scott, Tiffany H Campbell, Youbai Chen, Meredith August
PURPOSE: To review cases of suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws treated at the Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston, MA) over a 10-year period, evaluate specifics of disease presentation, and answer the clinical question: are there identifiable variables associated with treatment outcome? MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was completed using patients treated for suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws at the Massachusetts General Hospital from April 2006 to October 2016...
December 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Imaneh Asgari
AIM: Worldwide, the adoption of electronic patient recording system is increasing among many parts of the health sectors. Although paper-based recording of patients' information was a routine in many departments of dental schools, easy destruction of collected information and the costs of its conversion to electronic data, limited the availability of updated data at the department of dental public health. This paper aimed to explain the project of designing a system for Electronic Oral Health Recording (EOHR) in Isfahan dental school...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Mark B Stephens, Joseph P Wiedemer, George M Kushner
Oral health directly affects overall health and quality of life. More Americans lack dental insurance than medical insurance. Patients with poor oral health are more likely to have respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and diabetes mellitus. Early childhood caries is the most common chronic condition in American children. Certain illicit and prescription drugs increase the risk of enamel erosion and caries formation in adults. Incision and drainage is the treatment of choice for dental abscess...
December 1, 2018: American Family Physician
Bruna Corrêa Massahud, João César Guimarães Henriques, Reinhilde Jacobs, Rafaela Rangel Rosa, Caio Vinícius Bardi Matai
OBJECTIVES: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a disease that affects patients with chronic kidney disease, and is characterized by mineral disturbance and bone loss, known as renal osteodystrophy. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of using intraoral phosphor storage plates to take radiographs of the middle phalanges to evaluate bone loss resulting from SHPT during follow-up of these patients. METHODS: The sample consisted of 24 patients with chronic kidney disease, 12 with parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels ≥500 pg/ml, and 12 with PTH levels <500 pg/ml, who underwent hemodialysis weekly...
May 2018: Oral Radiology
Anastassia E Kossioni, Justyna Hajto-Bryk, Barbara Janssens, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Marchini, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Mirko Petrovic, Regina Elisabeth Roller-Wirnsberger, Martin Schimmel, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Joanna Zarzecka
Good oral health in old age is particularly important for maintaining adequate oral function, preventing pain and discomfort, controlling localized or systemic inflammation, sustaining social interaction, and preserving quality of life. Given that oral health is an integral part of general health and well-being, and that major chronic systemic and oral diseases share common risk factors, oral health prevention and promotion should be embedded within routine medical assessment and care provision. The role of medical physicians, particularly primary care physicians, geriatricians, and elderly care physicians, in community and long-term care facilities in assessing and promoting oral health in frail older adults is critical and has been emphasized in recent European recommendations...
December 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Salwa Aldahlawi, Abdel-Rahman Youssef, Syed Shahabuddin
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate CXCL10 as a biomarker for periodontitis by determining the CXCL10 levels in saliva, serum, and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples from periodontally healthy control subjects and adult subjects with chronic periodontitis. Patients and methods: Adult patients seeking dental treatment at Umm Al-Qura University dental clinic underwent a complete periodontal examination, and saliva, serum, and GCF samples were collected...
2018: Journal of Inflammation Research
Andreas Naros, Jens Peter Peters, Thorsten Biegner, Hannes Weise, Michael Krimmel, Siegmar Reinert
PURPOSE: Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is considered standard surgical therapy for fungus ball of the maxillary sinus. However, recent findings have indicated an odontogenic etiology, which requires simultaneous treatment of the dental origin. This study presents the authors' treatment results of fungus ball of the maxillary sinus using a combination of FESS and an endoscopically assisted osteoplastic approach through the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, enabling simultaneous treatment of the dental origin...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Glenn Canares, Kuei Ling Hsu, Vineet Dhar, Bina Katechia
The purpose of this article is to provide general dentists with simple care pathways for evidence-based early childhood caries chronic disease management (ECC-CDM). Early childhood caries, defined as the presence of dental caries in children younger than 6 years old, is a chronic disease that has been traditionally managed with conventional restorative care. There are limits to the long-term success of restorative care alone, and the care pathways in the ECC-CDM model include additional treatment modalities such as fluoride varnish, silver diamine fluoride, interim therapeutic restorations, and sealants...
November 2018: General Dentistry
Camille V Gannam, Katherine L Chin, Roopa P Gandhi
Caries remains the most common chronic disease affecting both children and adults in the United States. High rates of primary and secondary caries in at-risk populations result in significant lifetime costs. Dental providers should be skilled in assessing an individual patient's risk for dental caries so that effective and minimally invasive preventive strategies can be employed to address the etiology of dental caries. Validated assessment strategies, such as the caries risk assessment model, allow dental providers to implement a systematic and evidence-based approach to astutely assess and record changes in the caries risk status of patients in an effort to prevent disease...
November 2018: General Dentistry
Danielle F Eytan, Amanda L Blackford, David W Eisele, Carole Fakhry
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer (HNC) has led to the increasing prevalence of survivors, yet to the best of the authors' knowledge the prevalence of comorbidities during the survivorship period and their effects on survival are relatively unknown. METHODS: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, individuals with a first incident primary diagnosis of HNC from 2004 through 2011 from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare-linked databases were included in the analysis and classified as patients with HPV-related or HPV-unrelated HNC...
November 16, 2018: Cancer
Anish Raman, Peter Papagiannopoulos, Hannah N Kuhar, Paolo Gattuso, Pete S Batra, Bobby A Tajudeen
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous disease process that can arise in the context of odontogenic disease from the maxillary teeth. The histopathologic features of odontogenic CRS (CRSo) have yet to be determined and may have important implications on disease management and need for escalation of therapy. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to characterize the histopathologic features of CRSo and determine whether the inflammatory profile of CRSo contributes to its recalcitrance to medical therapy and need for surgery in a subset of patients with this disease...
November 15, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Manjusha Varadan, Pratibha Gopalkrishna, Parvati V Bhat, Shobha U Kamath, Krithishree S, Thriveni G K, Santhosh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Periodontal disease and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) share risk factors like obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia, along with evidence of chronic inflammation in the two conditions. Evaluating the influence of PCOS on periodontal health would, therefore, identify a possible association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty women, divided into equal groups of PCOS and healthy patients, were clinically examined for periodontal parameters like probing depth (PD), plaque index (PI), modified gingival index (mGI), and bleeding on probing (BOP)...
November 14, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Ana Lopez-de-Andrés, Luis Vazquez-Vazquez, Maria A Martinez-Huedo, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Isabel Jimenez-Trujillo, Miguel A Tapias-Ledesma, Javier de Miguel-Diez, Rodrigo Jiménez-García
Background: Periodontal disease is more prevalent and more severe among men and women suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared with healthy adults. The objectives of this paper were to assess the association between periodontal disease and COPD, controlling the effect of sociodemographic characteristics, oral health status, lifestyle variables, and comorbidities. Second, we identified which of the variables analyzed were independently associated with periodontal disease among COPD sufferers...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Dirceu Tavares Formiga Nery, José Ranali, Darceny Zanetta Barbosa, Helvécio Marangon Júnior, Rafael Martins Afonso Pereira, Patrícia Cristine de Oliveira Afonso Pereira
Oral surgery to remove pyogenic granuloma in a high-risk patient is reported. A 47-year-old man with gastroesophageal reflux disease, diabetes mellitus II, dyslipidemia, and chronic coronary insufficiency (myocardial infarction within 2 years) with episodes of unstable angina was submitted to an excisional biopsy of hemorrhagic lesion in the lingual right mandibular gingiva. During dental treatment, the arterial blood pressure, oxygen saturation, heart rate, and electrocardiogram were monitored. Local anesthesia was performed with 0...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
Megumi Shinzawa, Murat Dogru, Seika Den, Takehiro Ichijima, Kazunari Higa, Takashi Kojima, Noriyuki Seta, Takeshi Nomura, Kazuo Tsubota, Jun Shimazaki
PURPOSE: Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of the lacrimal and salivary glands. This study compared the concentrations of epidermal fatty-acid binding protein (E-FABP) in the saliva, serum, and tears of SS patients with dry eye and dry mouth, with those of healthy adults to investigate the usefulness of E-FABP as a diagnostic marker for SS. DESIGN: Prospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: The subjects were 11 new patients with untreated Sjogren syndrome and 12 healthy control individuals...
November 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Zehra Yonel, Praveen Sharma, Asma Yahyouche, Zahraa Jalal, Thomas Dietrich, Iain L Chapple
OBJECTIVE: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) impose a significant health and economic burden. This study aimed to assess the differential attendance patterns of public to different healthcare professionals and gauge the opinions of key stakeholders towards screening of NCDs by allied healthcare professionals. DESIGN: Questionnaires were designed piloted and subsequently completed by key stakeholders. The results were analysed descriptively. SETTING: Public questionnaires were undertaken in a West Midlands transport station and Public Markets...
November 3, 2018: BMJ Open
Nathaniel T Gaeckle, Brooke Heyman, Andrew J Criner, Gerard J Criner
Background: Poor dental health occurs in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); some evidence suggests that it may correlate with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) and 6-minute walk distance, and an increased rate of exacerbations. However, there is no data that examines how dental health may impact the daily respiratory symptoms that COPD patients experience. We prospectively studied indices of dental health and hygiene in patients with COPD and determined their impact on daily respiratory symptoms...
April 1, 2018: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation
Lulëjeta Ferizi, Fatmir Dragidella, Lidvana Spahiu, Agim Begzati, Vjosa Kotori
Diabetes mellitus is the most common chronic disease that affects the oral health. The aim of the study is to evaluate the dental caries, salivary flow rate, buffer capacity, and Lactobacilli in saliva in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared to the control group. Methods. The sample consisted of 160 children of 10 to 15 years divided into two groups: 80 children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 80 children as a control group. Dental caries was assessed using the DMFT index for permanent dentition...
2018: International Journal of Dentistry
S I Gazhva, N S Kasumov, T V Bolotnova, A I Teterin, O V Shkarednaya, N B Marakhtanov
Purpose of the study was to identify dental risk factors for complications at the stage of rehabilitation adaptation in patients with diffuse liver lesions. The study included 52 patients with diffuse liver lesions aged 25-55 years, who were divided between two groups of 26 persons with different dental status, depending on the main disease stage of treatment. RESEARCH METHODS: Clinical, x-ray, morphological, analytical, statistical. RESULTS: It has been reliably established that low level of oral hygiene, high intensity and prevalence of caries and its complications (foci of odontogenic infection), inflammatory periodontal diseases joined with severe teeth hyperesthesia, dominate in patients before liver transplantation, which confirms low level of sanitation on stages of preparation for surgical treatment...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
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