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Cross Infection In Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127195/the-analysis-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-8-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-periodontal-diseases
#1
Nila Kasuma, Fadil Oenzil, Eryati Darwin, Yanwirasti Sofyan
Background: Periodontal disease, also generally called periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection-induced inflammatory disease that causes tooth loss if not properly treated, and is considered as a modifying factor in systemic health. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) is an inflammatory marker found in periodontal pathologic conditions. Gingivitis, a nondestructive type of periodontal disease, can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Therefore, assessing the level of MMP-8 with comfortable methods and no tissue intervention can determine the progression of the periodontal disease for a better treatment...
July 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770172/prevention-of-cross-contamination-risk-by-disinfection-of-irreversible-hydrocolloid-impression-materials-with-ozonated-water
#2
Omid Savabi, Farahnaz Nejatidanesh, Kamran Poshang Bagheri, Leila Karimi, Ghazal Savabi
Background: Disinfection of dental impression is mandatory for preventing the cross infection between dental staff and dental laboratory. Ozone as a disinfectant can be used in various ways in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated water for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials and preventing cross-contamination. Methods: Thirty-two circular specimens (1 cm diameter and 2 mm thickness) of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material were made...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284955/knowledge-and-attitude-of-dental-surgeons-about-ocular-complications-due-to-dental-infection
#3
Prahalad Hunsigi, Vinod Kumar, M R Pradeep, B C Arun Kumar
Background: Ocular complications such as ophthalmia, defective vision, orbital cellulitis, and blindness (temporary or permanent) are rare complications due to dental infection. Currently, there is lack of guidelines in preventing and managing ocular problems. Hence, we assessed the dentist's knowledge and attitudes about ocular complications due to dental infection. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional prospective survey selecting practicing dentists or academicians was carried out through e-mail using a standardized self-administered questionnaire...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284933/evaluation-of-efficiency-of-different-decontamination-methods-of-dental-burs-an-in-vivo-study
#4
Abirami Mathivanan, D Saisadan, P Manimaran, C Dhinesh Kumar, K Sasikala, Ajmalkhan Kattack
Introduction: Infection control is very important in dentistry. Both dentist and patients are at risk of communicating diseases during treatment procedures. Dental burs have been identified as a source of cross-contamination between patient and dental personnel. Aim: The present study was done to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the pathogenic contamination of dental burs used for tooth preparation and to determine the effective method of sterilization(autoclave, glass bead sterilizer, hot air oven and surgical spirit immersion) of burs used for crown preparation...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137958/knowledge-and-information-sources-on-standard-precautions-and-infection-control-of-health-sciences-students-at-king-saud-bin-abdulaziz-university-for-health-sciences-saudi-arabia-riyadh
#5
Abdullah Khubrani, Meshal Albesher, Abdulah Alkahtani, Faisal Alamri, Majid Alshamrani, Emad Masuadi
BACKGROUND: Only one study has been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess medical students' knowledge of standard precautions (SPs) and infection control (IC). In this study, we examined knowledge of SPs and IC among clinical students attending the King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we targeted clinical students from the following five colleges: Medicine (fifth and sixth years); Dentistry (second semester of the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth years); Applied Medical Sciences (third and fourth years); Nursing (third and fourth years); and Pharmacy (third, fourth, and fifth years)...
July 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085265/senior-health-sciences-students-perception-of-occupational-risk-of-viral-hepatitis-and-attitudes-toward-patients-diagnosed-with-viral-hepatitis-b-and-c
#6
Raed Almutairi, Muneer Almutairi, Ali Alsugair, Moayad Alseraikh, Huda Almutairi
OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common causes of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Medical, applied medical science, and dental students constitute a high-risk group for HBV and HCV infections during their training or at the beginning of their careers. This study aimed to explore senior health science students' knowledge of and attitudes toward these infections. METHODS: Between December 2014 and December 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among senior health science at the College of Medicine, the College of Dentistry, and the Laboratory Section of Applied Medical Sciences in Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044438/high-total-volatile-organic-compounds-pollution-in-a-hospital-dental-department
#7
Ming-Hui Liu, Tao-Hsin Tung, Fen-Fang Chung, Li-Chuan Chuang, Gwo-Hwa Wan
Bioaerosols produced by dental procedures may affect indoor air quality and cause infections in dental healthcare workers. To provide air quality data that can be used to protect dental healthcare workers, this study evaluated the air quality and its influencing factors in the dental department of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan. The study was a cross-sectional study design. Indoor air quality (IAQ) evaluations were conducted in six locations: pediatric dentistry, craniofacial orthodontic dentistry, periodontal dentistry, and general practice dentistry, instrument washing room, and patient waiting area...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825443/point-of-care-testing-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-at-alternative-and-high-risk-sites-an-italian-pilot-study-in-a-dental-clinic
#8
Maria Rita Parisi, Simona Tecco, Giorgio Gastaldi, Elisabetta Polizzi, Teresa D'Amicantonio, Silvia Negri, Ivan Gardini, Karin Schlusnus, Enrico Gherlone, Paolo Capparè, Adriano Lazzarin
The Infectious Diseases Department and the Department of Dentistry of San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milan conducted a screening and prevention program, the "EASY HCV-test Program," at a dental clinic to increase the identification of unrecognized infections. Using a cross-sectional community-based study design, hygienists in the dental clinic offered patients a hepatitis C virus (HCV) rapid salivary test (OraQuick ADVANCE® Rapid HCV Antibody Test) with pre- and post-test counseling prior to initiation of their oral hygiene routine...
October 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811781/screening-of-adult-dental-patients-visiting-khyber-college-of-dentistry-peshawar-for-hbv-and-hcv-infections-and-identifying-the-associated-risk-factors
#9
Jamila Haider, Ghosia Lufullah, Rubina Nazli, Tasleem Akhtar, Asma Shah
OBJECTIVE: To screen out adult patients for HBV and HCV infections visiting Khyber College of Dentistry Peshawar (KCD) for different dental treatments and to identify the associated risk factors. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar in the year 2013. A total of 1540 patients >15 years, visiting KCD for seeking different dental treatments were screened for hepatitis B & C. Informed consent was taken before blood collection and filling of a structured questionnaire...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511504/prevalence-of-distal-caries-in-mandibular-second-molar-due-to-impacted-third-molar
#10
Kamran Bokhari Syed, Fatima Saeed Alshahrani, Wejdan Saad Alabsi, Zainab Ali Alqahtani, Mohammad Shahul Hameed, Abdel Bagi Mustafa, Tanveer Alam
INTRODUCTION: A tooth is said to be impacted if it does not reach the occlusal plane even after two-thirds root formation. The aetiology of impacted teeth is varied and multi-factorial. Significant problems associated with impacted teeth include trismus, infection, cervical caries of second molars. AIM: This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of distal caries in second molar teeth due to impacted third molars and to compare with similar studies conducted elsewhere...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490894/uniform-related-infection-control-practices-of-dental-students
#11
Yazan Aljohani, Mohammed Almutadares, Khalid Alfaifi, Mona El Madhoun, Maysoon H Albahiti, Nadia Al-Hazmi
BACKGROUND: Uniform-related infection control practices are sometimes overlooked and underemphasized. In Saudi Arabia, personal protective equipment must meet global standards for infection control, but the country's Islamic legislature also needs to be taken into account. AIM: To assess uniform-related infection control practices of a group of dental students in a dental school in Saudi Arabia and compare the results with existing literature related to cross-contamination through uniforms in the dental field...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422353/comprehensive-review-and-comparison-of-the-disinfection-techniques-currently-available-in-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Ahila S Chidambaranathan, Muthukumar Balasubramanium
The goal of disinfection in the dental office is to prevent the spread of infection from one patient to another and maintain the safety of the dental care providers. Prevention of cross infection has significant effect on infection control. The standard procedure of rinsing impressions under tap water immediately after removal from the mouth eliminates microorganisms along with saliva and blood. A broad search on published literature was done using the keywords impression materials, disinfection method, and sterilization of dental impression from 1980 to 2016 in Medline, Google Scholar, the internet, and textbooks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397938/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-in-children-dental-considerations
#13
REVIEW
Fares S Al-Sehaibany
As of January 2016, 1,633 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and 587 MERS-related deaths have been reported by the World Health Organization globally. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus  may occur sporadically in communities or may be transmitted within families or hospitals. The number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases among healthcare workers has been increasing. Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus may also spread through aerosols generated during various dental treatments, resulting in transmission between patients and dentists...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367387/comparison-of-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-hepatitis-b-among-healthcare-professionals-in-pakistan
#14
Asad Ali, Sara Khan, Saad M Malik, Muhammad Haris Iqbal, Muhammad Aadil
AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a blood-borne infectious disease. It is one of the most common causes of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Healthcare professionals, including medical and dental students, are at a high risk of acquiring this infection. The aim of this study was to compare and contrast the knowledge and attitudes toward HBV infection amongst doctors, dentists, nurses, and undergraduate final year medical and dental students. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample size of 381 medical professionals, which included doctors (59), dentists (77), nurses (71), final year medical students (126), and final year dental students (48) at Combined Military Hospital Lahore Medical College and Institute of Dentistry (CMH LMC)...
February 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260770/a-comparative-study-for-the-management-of-peri-radicular-pathosis-by-conventional-root-canal-therapy-and-non-instrumental-endodontic-therapy
#15
M R Howlader, T A Zannat, S S Chowdhury, M A Hussain
Non-surgical endodontics is one of the realities in modern endodontics globally which is a highly sophisticated specialized technical clinical procedure to conserve the teeth. Lesion Sterilized Tissue Repair (LSTR) is an alternative of conventional non-surgical endodontics (C-RCT) considered being a valuable adjunct to the treatment of infected root canal. This cross sectional prospective study was carried out in the department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2002 to January 2003...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052217/prevalence-of-molar-incisor-hypomineralization-in-mexican-children
#16
Brenda Jaime Gurrusquieta, Victor Manuel Mendoza Núñez, María Lilia Adriana Juárez López
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 1156 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years, living in Mexico City. A previously standardised examiner (k = 0.79) applied the diagnostic criteria for MIH from the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Children's parents completed a questionnaire about medical conditions in the perinatal period and the first 3 years of their children's lives...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688409/the-effect-of-microwave-disinfection-on-denture-base-polymers-liners-and-teeth-a-basic-overview
#17
REVIEW
Theodoros Klironomos, Aspasia Katsimpali, Gregory Polyzois
The aim of this paper was to overview the current scientific knowledge concerning the effect of microwave disinfection on denture related material properties. Cross-infection control in dentistry is a significant issue in everyday clinical practice due to the recent increase in some infectious diseases such as hepatitis B, C and AIDS and therefore numerous methods of disinfection have been used. The most widespread method of disinfection used in everyday practice is chemical, however, studies have suggested that chemical disinfectants alter the physical and mechanical properties of the acrylic resins and enable the growth and proliferation of certain bacteria...
September 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681398/dental-students-compliance-with-antibiotic-prescribing-guidelines-for-dental-infections-in-children
#18
Yee Chen Wong, Mandakini Mohan, Allan Pau
CONTEXT: To investigate the antibiotic prescribing training received by dental students, clinical experience in treating child patients, awareness of antibiotic prescribing guidelines, preparedness in antibiotic prescribing, and compliance with antibiotic prescribing guidelines for the management of dental infections in children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving final year dentals students from Malaysian and Asian dental schools. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of five clinical case scenarios was e-mailed to all final year students at selected dental schools...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437361/knowledge-and-apprehension-of-dental-patients-about-mers-a-questionnaire-survey
#19
Nipun Ashok, Jean Clare Rodrigues, Khalid Azouni, Shorouk Darwish, Abdulwahab Abuderman, Abdul Aziz Fahad Alkaabba, Bassel Tarakji
INTRODUCTION: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a disease caused by beta corona virus. From April 11(th) to 9(th) June 2014, World Health Organization (WHO) reported a total of 402 laboratory confirmed cases of MERS from KSA, out of which 132 cases were reported from Riyadh alone. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and apprehension of patients about MERS visiting Al Farabi College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire based survey was conducted which consisted of 10 self-prepared questions...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437351/the-factors-responsible-for-endodontic-treatment-failure-in-the-permanent-dentitions-of-the-patients-reported-to-the-college-of-dentistry-the-university-of-aljouf-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Azhar Iqbal
INTRODUCTION: The endodontic failure is a common problem in dentistry. The success of endodontic and re-endodontic treatment depends on many factors. These includes periodontal disease, root fractures, residual necrotic pulp tissue, presence of peri-radicular infection, broken instruments, mechanical perforations, root canal underfillings, root canal overfillings, missed canals or unfilled canals. AIM: The present research was aimed at evaluating the different factors responsible for endodontic treatment failure in permanent dentitions of the patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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