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public health, disaster, emergency preparedness, resilience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30045779/understanding-the-impacts-of-maritime-disruption-transportation-to-hospital-based-acute-health-care-supplies-and-personnel-in-coastal-and-geographically-isolated-communities
#1
Nicole A Errett, Alexa Tanner, Xuesi Shen, Stephanie E Chang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify maritime transportation disruption impacts on available health care supplies and workers necessary to deliver hospital-based acute health care in geographically isolated communities post-disaster. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 key informants knowledgeable about the hospital-based acute health care supply chain and workforce emergency management plans and procedures in 2 coastal communities in British Columbia...
July 26, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467051/primary-care-medical-practices-are-community-health-care-providers-ready-for-disasters
#2
Rachel M Peters, Thomas J Hipper, Esther D Chernak
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine the capacity of community primary care practices to meet the needs of patients during public health emergencies and to identify the barriers and resources necessary to participate in a coordinated response with public safety agencies. METHODS: The self-administered web-based survey was distributed in January 2014 via e-mail to primary care providers in Pennsylvania using the listservs of several professional societies. RESULTS: A total of 179 primary care providers participated in the survey...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388518/how-community-and-public-health-partnerships-contribute-to-disaster-recovery-and-resilience
#3
Joie D Acosta, Lane Burgette, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman, Ingrid Gonzalez, Danielle Varda, Lea Xenakis
OBJECTIVE: To summarize ways that networks of community-based organizations (CBO), in partnership with public health departments, contribute to community recovery from disaster. METHODS: The study was conducted using an online survey administered one and 2 years after Hurricane Sandy to the partnership networks of 369 CBO and the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. The survey assessed the structure and durability of networks, how they were influenced by storm damage, and whether more connected networks were associated with better recovery outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263270/a-strategy-to-enhance-student-experiences-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-medical-reserve-corps-nursing-student-summer-externship
#4
Loren Nell Melton Stein
Development of the public health nursing workforce is crucial to advancing our nation's health. Many organizations, including the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the US Department of Health and Human Services, have identified the need for strengthening academia's connection to public health and tailoring experiences to enhance workforce competency. The Oklahoma Medical Reserve Corps (OKMRC) Nursing Student Summer Externship was developed as a strategy to provide nursing students with strengthened knowledge and skills in disaster response through a structured summer volunteer experience with nurse educators within the OKMRC...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222850/blurred-lines-emergency-preparedness-resilience-and-response-within-local-authorities-compared-with-organisations-within-the-wider-health-economy
#5
Laura Drew
This paper looks at the integration of local authorities within the emergency preparedness, resilience and response (EPRR) system for health. The experience of the author, who works within this field for a local authority, is that current guidance is unclear and has affected integration of local authorities into the EPRR system. This paper therefore aims to identify why these issues exist and to assist in driving changes to current guidance, documentation and procedures.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775505/insights-into-french-emergency-planning-response-and-resilience-procedures-from-a-hospital-managerial-perspective-following-the-paris-terrorist-attacks-of-friday-november-13-2015
#6
Ali Ghanchi
On Friday, November 13, 2015, Paris was subjected to a multiple terrorist attack that caused widespread carnage. Although French emergency planning, response, and resilience procedures (Plan Blanc) anticipated crisis management of a major incident, these had to be adapted to the local context of Pitié-Salpêtrière University Teaching Hospital. Health care workers had undergone Plan Blanc training and exercises and it was fortunate that such a drill had occurred on the morning of the attack. The procedures were observed to work well because this type of eventuality had been fully anticipated, and staff performance exceeded expectations owing to prior in-depth training and preparations...
October 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510995/the-road-to-resilience-insights-on-training-community-coalitions-in-the-los-angeles-county-community-disaster-resilience-project
#7
Biblia S Cha, Rachel I Lawrence, Jesse C Bliss, Kenneth B Wells, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have little guidance for operationalizing community resilience (CR). We explored how community coalitions responded to 4 CR levers (education, engagement, partnerships, and community self-sufficiency) during the first planning year of the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) Project. METHODS: Sixteen communities were selected and randomly assigned to the experimental CR group or the control preparedness group...
December 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189920/how-prepared-are-hospitals-emergency-management-capacity-factors-influencing-efficiency-of-disaster-rescue
#8
Lijun Gao, Qunhong Wu, Ye Li, Ding Ding, Yanhua Hao, Yu Cui, Zheng Kang, Mingli Jiao, Libo Liang, Adamm Ferrier, Ning Ning, Hong Sun
OBJECTIVES: In light of government investment over the past decade, we explored the capacity for disaster response in Heilongjiang Province, identifying the factors that affect response capacity. METHODS: We surveyed 1257 medical staff in 65 secondary and tertiary hospitals in Heilongjiang province to explore their perceptions of disaster management capacity using a cross-sectional multistage, stratified cluster sampling method. RESULTS: All tertiary hospitals (100%) and most secondary hospitals (93%) have documented disaster management plans that are regularly reviewed...
April 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26910869/who-participates-in-building-disaster-resilient-communities-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#9
Rachel M Adams, Helene Rivard, David P Eisenman
CONTEXT: The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience project is a community-based program to improve disaster resilience. We collected baseline measures of resilience-related attitudes and practices among targeted communities prior to the implementation of the intervention. OBJECTIVES: This study identified community disaster resilience behavior patterns and assessed their associations with sociodemographic and social cognitive characteristics. DESIGN: Telephone surveys during summer 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898224/vulnerable-populations-in-hospital-and-health-care-emergency-preparedness-planning-a-comprehensive-framework-for-inclusion
#10
Debra Kreisberg, Deborah S K Thomas, Morgan Valley, Shannon Newell, Enessa Janes, Charles Little
INTRODUCTION: As attention to emergency preparedness becomes a critical element of health care facility operations planning, efforts to recognize and integrate the needs of vulnerable populations in a comprehensive manner have lagged. This not only results in decreased levels of equitable service, but also affects the functioning of the health care system in disasters. While this report emphasizes the United States context, the concepts and approaches apply beyond this setting. OBJECTIVE: This report: (1) describes a conceptual framework that provides a model for the inclusion of vulnerable populations into integrated health care and public health preparedness; and (2) applies this model to a pilot study...
April 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869230/nurses-as-leaders-in-disaster-preparedness-and-response-a-call-to-action
#11
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Anne Griffin, Alicia R Gable, Linda MacIntyre, Radm Nadine Simons, Mary Pat Couig, John J Walsh, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Aram Dobalian, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: To develop a vision for the future of disaster nursing, identify barriers and facilitators to achieving the vision, and develop recommendations for nursing practice, education, policy, and research. DESIGN AND METHODS: A series of semistructured conference calls were conducted with 14 national subject matter experts to generate relevant concepts regarding national nursing workforce preparedness. An invitational daylong workshop hosted by the Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center, U...
March 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545193/transforming-health-care-coalitions-from-hospitals-to-whole-of-community-lessons-learned-from-two-large-health-care-organizations
#12
Scott Cormier, Michael Wargo, Walter Winslow
A health care emergency preparedness coalition (coalition) is a group of health care organizations, public safety agencies, and public health partners that join forces for the common cause of making their communities safer, healthier, and more resilient. Coalitions have been characterized as being focused on hospital systems instead of the health care of the community as a whole. We discuss 2 examples of coalition partners that use a more inclusive approach to planning, response, and recovery. The first is a large health care system spread across 23 states, and the other is a public safety agency in northeast Pennsylvania that took the lead to address the preparedness and response toward a large influx of burn patients and grew to encompass all aspects of community health care...
December 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26452755/risk-and-resilience-factors-affecting-the-psychological-wellbeing-of-individuals-deployed-in-humanitarian-relief-roles-after-a-disaster
#13
REVIEW
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Clara A M Sage, Richard Amlôt, Neil Greenberg, G James Rubin
BACKGROUND: When disasters occur, humanitarian relief workers frequently deploy to assist in rescue/recovery efforts. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of factors affecting the psychological wellbeing of disaster relief workers and identify recommendations for interventions. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE®, Embase, PsycINFO® and Web of Science for relevant studies, supplemented by hand searches. We performed thematic analysis on their results to identify factors predicting wellbeing...
December 2015: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26355257/injuries-and-traumatic-psychological-exposures-associated-with-the-south-napa-earthquake-california-2014
#14
Kathleen R Attfield, Christine B Dobson, Jennifer B Henn, Meileen Acosta, Svetlana Smorodinsky, Jason A Wilken, Tracy Barreau, Merritt Schreiber, Gayle C Windham, Barbara L Materna, Rachel Roisman
On August 24, 2014, at 3:20 a.m., a magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck California, with its epicenter in Napa County (1). The earthquake was the largest to affect the San Francisco Bay area in 25 years and caused significant damage in Napa and Solano counties, including widespread power outages, five residential fires, and damage to roadways, waterlines, and 1,600 buildings (2). Two deaths resulted (2). On August 25, Napa County Public Health asked the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) for assistance in assessing postdisaster health effects, including earthquake-related injuries and effects on mental health...
2015: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25551496/public-health-and-medical-preparedness-for-a-nuclear-detonation-the-nuclear-incident-medical-enterprise
#15
C Norman Coleman, Julie M Sullivan, Judith L Bader, Paula Murrain-Hill, John F Koerner, Andrew L Garrett, David M Weinstock, Cullen Case, Chad Hrdina, Steven A Adams, Robert C Whitcomb, Ellie Graeden, Robert Shankman, Timothy Lant, Bert W Maidment, Richard C Hatchett
Resilience and the ability to mitigate the consequences of a nuclear incident are enhanced by (1) effective planning, preparation and training; (2) ongoing interaction, formal exercises, and evaluation among the sectors involved; (3) effective and timely response and communication; and (4) continuous improvements based on new science, technology, experience, and ideas. Public health and medical planning require a complex, multi-faceted systematic approach involving federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial governments; private sector organizations; academia; industry; international partners; and individual experts and volunteers...
February 2015: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25483596/building-a-national-model-of-public-mental-health-preparedness-and-community-resilience-validation-of-a-dual-intervention-systems-based-approach
#16
O Lee McCabe, Natalie L Semon, Carol B Thompson, Jeffrey M Lating, George S Everly, Charlene J Perry, Suzanne Straub Moore, Adrian M Mosley, Jonathan M Links
OBJECTIVE: Working within a series of partnerships among an academic health center, local health departments (LHDs), and faith-based organizations (FBOs), we validated companion interventions to address community mental health planning and response challenges in public health emergency preparedness. METHODS: We implemented the project within the framework of an enhanced logic model and employed a multi-cohort, pre-test/post-test design to assess the outcomes of 1-day workshops in psychological first aid (PFA) and guided preparedness planning (GPP)...
December 2014: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25355981/enhancing-emergency-preparedness-and-response-systems-correlates-of-collaboration-between-local-health-departments-and-school-districts
#17
Kimberley I Shoaf, Melissa M Kelley, Kaitlin O'Keefe, Katharine D Arrington, Michael L Prelip
OBJECTIVE: Collaboration between existing components of the public health system is important for protecting public health and promoting community resilience. We describe the factors that promote collaborative emergency preparedness and response activities between local health departments (LHDs) and school systems. METHODS: We gathered data from a multistage, stratified random sample of 750 LHDs nationwide. Utilizing a mailed invitation, we recruited respondents to participate in an online questionnaire...
2014: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25355980/an-academic-government-faith-partnership-to-build-disaster-mental-health-preparedness-and-community-resilience
#18
O Lee McCabe, Natalie L Semon, Jeffrey M Lating, George S Everly, Charlene J Perry, Suzanne Straub Moore, Adrian M Mosley, Carol B Thompson, Jonathan M Links
OBJECTIVES: Faculty and affiliates of the Johns Hopkins Preparedness and Emergency Response Research Center partnered with local health departments and faith-based organizations to develop a dual-intervention model of capacity-building for public mental health preparedness and community resilience. Project objectives included (1) determining the feasibility of the tri-partite collaborative concept; (2) designing, delivering, and evaluating psychological first aid (PFA) training and guided preparedness planning (GPP); and (3) documenting preliminary evidence of the sustainability and impact of the model...
2014: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25355978/reliability-and-validity-of-the-assessment-for-disaster-engagement-with-partners-tool-adept-for-local-health-departments
#19
Deborah C Glik, David P Eisenman, Ian Donatello, Abdelmonem Afifi, Michael Stajura, Michael L Prelip, Jitka Sammartinova, Andrea Martel
OBJECTIVE: This study presents reliability and validity findings for the Assessment for Disaster Engagement with Partners Tool (ADEPT), an instrument that can be used to monitor the frequency and nature of collaborative activities between local health departments (LHDs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) and faith-based organizations (FBOs) for disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. METHODS: We used formative research to develop the instrument by ranking LHDs according to their disaster outreach and engagement activities...
2014: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25153472/the-los-angeles-county-community-disaster-resilience-project-a-community-level-public-health-initiative-to-build-community-disaster-resilience
#20
David Eisenman, Anita Chandra, Stella Fogleman, Aizita Magana, Astrid Hendricks, Ken Wells, Malcolm Williams, Jennifer Tang, Alonzo Plough
Public health officials need evidence-based methods for improving community disaster resilience and strategies for measuring results. This methods paper describes how one public health department is addressing this problem. This paper provides a detailed description of the theoretical rationale, intervention design and novel evaluation of the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience Project (LACCDR), a public health program for increasing community disaster resilience. The LACCDR Project utilizes a pretest-posttest method with control group design...
August 19, 2014: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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