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Allium tuberosum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705936/microsatellite-analysis-and-marker-development-in-garlic-distribution-in-est-sequence-genetic-diversity-analysis-and-marker-transferability-across-alliaceae
#1
Karina Barboza, Vanesa Beretta, Perla C Kozub, Cecilia Salinas, Mauro M Morgenfeld, Claudio R Galmarini, Pablo F Cavagnaro
Allium vegetables, such as garlic and onion, have understudied genomes and limited molecular resources, hindering advances in genetic research and breeding of these species. In this study, we characterized and compared the simple sequence repeats (SSR) landscape in the transcriptomes of garlic and related Allium (A. cepa, A. fistulosum, and A. tuberosum) and non-Allium monocot species. In addition, 110 SSR markers were developed from garlic ESTs, and they were characterized-along with 112 previously developed SSRs-at various levels, including transferability across Alliaceae species, and their usefulness for genetic diversity analysis...
October 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302580/protective-effect-of-allium-tuberosum-extract-on-vascular-inflammation-in-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-human-vascular-endothelial-cells
#2
Haeng Jeon Hur, Ae Sin Lee
Background: Endothelial adhesion molecule expression induced by pro-inflammatory cytokine plays an important role in vascular endothelial cell injury, leading to vascular disease. Allium tuberosum (AT), which is used as a functional food, has a thrombolytic effect. It contains vitamin A, vitamin C, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, and phosphorus. There are many carotenes that turn into vitamin A in the body. Also, it helps blood circulation and stimulates metabolism. The purpose of the this study was to estimate the anti-inflammatory effects of the AT extract...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196001/allium-tuberosum-antidiabetic-and-hepatoprotective-activities
#3
Xingli Tang, Opeyemi J Olatunji, Yifeng Zhou, Xilin Hou
Allium tuberosum (AT) is traditionally used for treating nocturnal emissions, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sexual dysfunction and asthma. This study aimed at investigating the antidiabetic and hepatoprotective activities of the butyl alcohol fraction from the methanolic extract of A. tuberosum. For the antidiabetic activity, rats were induced with diabetes by intraperitoneal injection of 150mg/kg alloxan and treated for 30days with AT extract (100, 200 and 400mg/kg). Animals were sacrificed after the study and the fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL, malondialdehyde (MDA) catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione levels were determined...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191197/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-aphrodisiac-properties-of-the-seed-extract-from-allium-tuberosum-on-corpus-cavernosum-smooth-muscle-relaxation-and-sexual-behavior-parameters-in-male-wistar-rats
#4
Xingli Tang, Opeyemi J Olatunji, Yifeng Zhou, Xilin Hou
BACKGROUND: Allium tuberosum is a well-known spice as well as a herb in traditional Chinese medicine, used for increasing libido and treating erectile dysfunction. However, not many studies have been done to evaluate the sexual enhancing properties of A. tuberosum. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aphrodisiac and vasorelaxant properties of A. tuberosum on corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) as well as checking the effect on enhancing male rat sexual behavior, libido, potency as well as its spermatogenic properties...
December 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043585/evaluation-of-leafy-vegetables-as-bioindicators-of-gaseous-mercury-pollution-in-sewage-irrigated-areas
#5
Shun-An Zheng, Zeying Wu, Chun Chen, Junfeng Liang, Hongkun Huang, Xiangqun Zheng
Mercury (Hg) can evaporate and enter the plants through the stomata of plant leaves, which will cause a serious threat to local food safety and human health. For the risk assessment, this study aimed to investigate the concentration and accumulation of total gaseous mercury (TGM) in five typical leafy vegetables (Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottler), amaranth (Amaranthus mangostanus L.), rape (Brassica campestris L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)) grown on sewage-irrigated areas in Tianjin, China...
January 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937878/degradation-of-chlorpyrifos-by-an-endophytic-bacterium-of-the-sphingomonas-genus-strain-hjy-isolated-from-chinese-chives-allium-tuberosum
#6
Fayun Feng, Yisong Li, Jing Ge, Jinjin Chen, Wayne Jiang, Shuang He, Xianjing Liu, Xiangyang Yu
The degradation of chlorpyrifos (CP) by an endophytic bacterial strain (HJY) isolated from Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng) was investigated. Strain HJY was identified as Sphingomonas sp. based on morphological, physiological, and biochemical tests and a 16S rDNA sequence analysis. Approximately 96% of 20 mg L-1 CP was degraded by strain HJY over 15 days in liquid minimal salts medium (MSM). The CP degradation rate could also be increased by glucose supplementation. The optimal conditions for the removal of 20 mg L-1 CP by strain HJY in MSM were 2% inoculum density, pH 6...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790985/rna-sequencing-reveals-that-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-disruption-of-membrane-integrity-underlie-dimethyl-trisulfide-toxicity-against-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-tropical-race-4
#7
Cunwu Zuo, Weina Zhang, Zhongjian Chen, Baihong Chen, Yonghong Huang
Fusarium wilt of banana, a destructive disease that affects banana production, is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4). In a previous study, we confirmed the strong inhibitory effects of Chinese leek (Allium tuberosum) on the incidence of this disease. Sulfur compounds are the primary antifungal constituents of Chinese leek. Among these, dimethyl trisulfide (DT) was the most abundant and exhibited the strongest inhibition of Foc TR4 growth and development. In the present study, the global gene expression profiles of Foc TR4 isolates treated with DT at 4,000-folds dilution (concentration of 1/4,000, v/v) for 1...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610012/a-new-species-of-i-chaetolonchaea-i-czerny-diptera-lonchaeidae-from-china-a-larval-pest-on-chives
#8
Ting-Ting Zhang, Fang Liu, Iain Macgowan, Ming Xue
A new species, Chaetolonchaea alliumi sp. nov. is described and illustrated. The larvae of this species are found in the bulbs of chives (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng.), and the species is an important pest of liliaceous vegetables. A key to the eight known species of world Chaetolonchaea Czerny, 1934 is included. The egg, larva and larval skeleton of genus Chaetolonchae are illustrate for the first time. Photographs of the puparium, host plant and injury symptoms are also provided.
April 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507945/antimicrobial-activity-of-two-garlic-species-allium-sativum-and-a-tuberosum-against-staphylococci-infection-in-vivo-study-in-rats
#9
Paulo César Venâncio, Sidney Raimundo Figueroba, Bruno Dias Nani, Luiz Eduardo Nunes Ferreira, Bruno Vilela Muniz, Fernando de Sá Del Fiol, Adilson Sartoratto, Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro Rosa, Francisco Carlos Groppo
Purpose: This study observed the effect of garlic extracts and amoxicillin against an induced staphylococcal infection model. MIC and MBC were also obtained for aqueous extracts of Allium sativum (Asa) and Allium tuberosum (Atu) against Staphylococcus aureus penicillin-sensitive (PSSA - ATCC 25923) and MRSA (ATCC 33592). Methods: Granulation tissues were induced in the back of 205 rats. After 14 days, 0.5 mL of 10(8) CFU/mL of PSSA or MRSA were injected inside tissues. After 24h, animals were divided: G1 (Control) - 0...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216165/isolation-and-identification-of-new-chemical-constituents-from-chinese-chive-allium-tuberosum-and-toxicological-evaluation-of-raw-and-cooked-chinese-chive
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Quan Gao, Xia-Bing Li, Jia Sun, Er-Dong Xia, Feng Tang, Hai-Qun Cao, Hang Xun
Chinese chive (jiu cai) is a popular vegetable in China and has a unique flavour and aroma. The molecular basis of the characteristic fragrance and nutritional properties of Chinese chive has not been previously identified. Sequential extractions in a series of solvents and high-performance liquid chromatography were used to isolate 40 compounds from Chinese chive. The compounds were identified based on high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra, 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, and circular dichroism spectra...
February 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103027/isolation-colonization-and-chlorpyrifos-degradation-mediation-of-the-endophytic-bacterium-sphingomonas-strain-hjy-in-chinese-chives-allium-tuberosum
#11
Fayun Feng, Jing Ge, Yisong Li, Jinjin Cheng, Jianfeng Zhong, Xiangyang Yu
The endophyte-plant interaction can benefit the host in many different ways. An endophytic bacterium strain (HJY) capable of degrading chlorpyrifos (CP) was isolated from Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottl. ex Spreng). The isolated bacterium HJY classified as Sphingomonas sp. strain HJY could use CP as the sole carbon source. After being marked with the gfp gene, the colonization and distribution of strain HJY-gfp were directly observed in different tissues of Chinese chives with a confocal laser scanning microscope...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068920/comparative-transcriptomics-provide-insight-into-the-morphogenesis-and-evolution-of-fistular-leaves-in-allium
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Siyuan Zhu, Shouwei Tang, Zhijian Tan, Yongting Yu, Qiuzhong Dai, Touming Liu
BACKGROUND: Fistular leaves frequently appear in Allium species, and previous developmental studies have proposed that the process of fistular leaf formation involves programmed cell death. However, molecular evidence for the role of programmed cell death in the formation of fistular leaf cavities has yet to be reported. RESULTS: In this study, we characterized the leaf transcriptomes of nine Allium species, including six fistular- and three solid-leaved species...
January 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915147/highly-sensitive-optical-interferometric-technique-reveals-stress-dependent-instantaneous-nanometric-growth-fluctuations-of-chinese-chive-leaf-under-heavy-metal-stress
#13
Kokge Thilini Kanchana Muthumali DeSilva, Uma Maheswari Rajagopalan, Hirofumi Kadono
Plant growth apart from being a complex and highly dynamic is dependent on its immediate environment. Leaf expansion measurements using Statistical Interferometry Technique, a sensitive interferometric technique at nanometric accuracy and at sub-second levels revealed the presence of characteristic nanometric intrinsic fluctuations [Plant Biotechnology 31, 195 (2014)]. In this paper, we demonstrate that the nanometric intrinsic fluctuations are sensitive enough that they change under exposure of heavy metals, essential micronutrient zinc and non-essential element cadmium, at relatively low concentrations in the leaves of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum)...
March 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579018/the-effects-of-applying-sewage-sludge-into-jiangxi-red-soil-on-the-growth-of-vegetables-and-the-migration-and-enrichment-of-cu-and-zn
#14
Wang Rrong, Tang Aiping, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
Jiangxi red soil was used as the tested soil and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic) and Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) were used as the tested vegetables in this study to investigate the effects of different amounts of sewage-sludge application on the growth of vegetables and the migration and enrichment patterns of Cu and Zn in vegetables using the potted method. The results indicated that the application of sewage sludge could improve the properties of red soil and promote vegetable growth. The dry weight of water spinach and Chinese chive reached the maximal levels when treated with the amount of sewage sludge at 4% and 10%, which was 4...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480971/a-comparison-of-novel-entomopathogenic-nematode-application-methods-for-control-of-the-chive-gnat-bradysia-odoriphaga-diptera-sciaridae
#15
Guang-Ying Bai, Hua Xu, Ya-Qi Fu, Xiao-Ying Wang, Guang-Shuang Shen, Hai-Kun Ma, Xiaoling Feng, Jie Pan, Xi-Shu Gu, Yong-Ze Guo, Wei-Bin Ruan, David I Shapiro-Ilan
Bradysia odoriphaga Yang & Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae) is the most serious pest of Chinese chive, Allium tuberosum Chemical pesticide application has become a necessary step to control B. odoriphaga after each of the four to six harvests during the growing season. We compared the effects of application type (nematode-infected cadaver, aqueous nematode suspension, and mixture of cadaver and aqueous suspension) and nematode species (Heterorhabditis bacteriophora vs. Steinernema carpocapsae) on B. odoriphaga control...
October 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454896/a-new-phenylpropanoid-glucoside-and-a-chain-compound-from-the-roots-of-allium-tuberosum
#16
Yun-Shan Fang, Shi-Xi Liu, Ying-Cong Ma, Jian-Wei Dong, Le Cai, Zhong-Tao Ding
A new phenylpropanoid glucoside tuberosinine D (1) and a chain compound (Z)-11R,12S,13S-trihydroxy-9-octadecenoate (2) were isolated from the roots of Allium tuberosum. The absolute configuration of 1 was established by comparing of experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism. The absolute configuration of 2 was determined using the modified Mosher's method for the first time.
January 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200103/a-fomitopsis-pinicola-jeseng-formulation-has-an-antiobesity-effect-and-protects-against-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice-with-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity
#17
Hoe-Yune Jung, Yosep Ji, Na-Ri Kim, Do-Young Kim, Kyong-Tai Kim, Bo-Hwa Choi
This study investigated the antiobesity effect of an extract of the Fomitopsis pinicola Jeseng-containing formulation (FAVA), which is a combination of four natural components: Fomitopsis pinicola Jeseng; Acanthopanax senticosus; Viscum album coloratum; and Allium tuberosum. High-fat diet- (HFD-) fed male C57BL/6J mice were treated with FAVA (200 mg/kg/day) for 12 weeks to monitor the antiobesity effect and amelioration of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Body and white adipose tissue (WAT) weights were reduced in FAVA-treated mice, and a histological examination showed an amelioration of fatty liver in FAVA-treated mice without decreasing food consumption...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928722/unbiased-profiling-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-the-headspace-of-allium-plants-using-an-in-tube-extraction-device
#18
Miyako Kusano, Makoto Kobayashi, Yumiko Iizuka, Atsushi Fukushima, Kazuki Saito
BACKGROUND: Plants produce and emit important volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which have an essential role in biotic and abiotic stress responses and in plant-plant and plant-insect interactions. In order to study the bouquets from plants qualitatively and quantitatively, a comprehensive, analytical method yielding reproducible results is required. RESULTS: We applied in-tube extraction (ITEX) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for studying the emissions of Allium plants...
February 29, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891450/transcriptome-analysis-and-discovery-of-genes-relevant-to-development-in-bradysia-odoriphaga-at-three-developmental-stages
#19
Huanhuan Gao, Yifan Zhai, Wenbo Wang, Hao Chen, Xianhong Zhou, Qianying Zhuang, Yi Yu, Rumei Li
Bradysia odoriphaga (Diptera: Sciaridae) is the most important pest of Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum) in Asia; however, the molecular genetics are poorly understood. To explore the molecular biological mechanism of development, Illumina sequencing and de novo assembly were performed in the third-instar, fourth-instar, and pupal B. odoriphaga. The study resulted in 16.2 Gb of clean data and 47,578 unigenes (≥125 bp) contained in 7,632,430 contigs, 46.21% of which were annotated from non-redundant protein (NR), Gene Ontology (GO), Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG), Eukaryotic Orthologous Groups (KOG), and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334818/laboratory-evaluation-of-larvicidal-activity-of-the-essential-oil-of-allium-tuberosum-roots-and-its-selected-major-constituent-compounds-against-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae
#20
Xin Chao Liu, Ligang Zhou, Qiyong Liu, Zhi Long Liu
The aim of this research was to evaluate larvicidal activity of the essential oil of Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Sprengle roots and its constituents against larval mosquitoes (Aedes albopictus Skuse). Essential oil of A. tuberosum was obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The major constituents of the oil were found to be sulfur-containing compounds, including allyl methyl trisulfide (35.19%), diallyl disulfide (28.31%), diallyl trisulfide (20...
May 2015: Journal of Medical Entomology
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