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Capacity building

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221009/synthesis-and-exploration-of-ladder-structured-large-aromatic-dianhydrides-as-organic-cathodes-for-rechargeable-lithium-batteries
#1
Qichun Zhang, Jian Xie, Wangqiao Chen, Zilong Wang, Choo Wei Jie Kenneth Choo Wei Jie, Ming Liu
Comparing to anode materials in Li-ion batteries, the research on cathode materials is far behind and their capacities are much smaller. Thus, in order to address these issues, we believe that organic conjugated materials could be a solution. In this study, we demonstrate two non-polymeric dianhydrides with large aromatic structures: NDA-4N (naphthalenetetracarboxylicdianhydride with four nitrogen atoms) and PDA-4N (perylenetetracarboxylicdianhydride with four nitrogen atoms). Their electrochemical properties have been investigated between 2...
February 21, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219957/evaluating-investment-in-quality-improvement-capacity-building-a-systematic-review
#2
Gustavo Mery, Mark J Dobrow, G Ross Baker, Jennifer Im, Adalsteinn Brown
PURPOSE: Leading health systems have invested in substantial quality improvement (QI) capacity building, but little is known about the aggregate effect of these investments at the health system level. We conducted a systematic review to identify key steps and elements that should be considered for system-level evaluations of investment in QI capacity building. METHODS: We searched for evaluations of QI capacity building and evaluations of QI training programmes...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218547/short-term-volunteer-health-trips-aligning-host-community-preferences-and-organizer-practices
#3
Michael D Rozier, Judith N Lasker, Bruce Compton
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) are quite common and largely understood to be a response to health needs in low-income countries. Yet most information about STMM practices is anecdotal. Even less is known about the preferences of in-country host communities regarding STMMs. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to gather enough quantitative and qualitative information from both STMM organizers and host community staff to compare dominant practices of organizers as well as preferences of host community staff...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217998/a-mixed-cluster-approach-for-building-a-highly-porous-cobalt-ii-isonicotinic-acid-framework-gas-sorption-properties-and-computational-analyses
#4
Di-Ming Chen, Nan-Nan Zhang, Chun-Sen Liu, Zhi-Hao Jiang, Xing-Dong Wang, Miao Du
A unique channel-type metal-organic framework (MOF) built up from mixed square-planar Co4(μ2-OH)4(μ4-OH) and cuboidal Co4(μ3-OH)4 clusters with an isonicotinic acid ligand has been successfully fabricated that demonstrates the highest specific surface area and high H2 uptake capacities among all of the cobalt(II) isonicotinic acid frameworks reported so far.
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215750/organizational-capacities-for-residential-care-homes-for-the-elderly-to-provide-culturally-appropriate-end-of-life-care-for-chinese-elders-and-their-families
#5
Sui-Ting Kong, Christine Meng-Sang Fang, Vivian Weiqun Lou
Developing culturally appropriate end-of-life care for Chinese elderly and families is not an endemic challenge for Hong Kong, but that of the Western countries with a noticeable trend of rising Chinese population. The particular development of Hong Kong healthcare system, which is currently the major provider of end-of-life care, makes Hong Kong a fruitful case for understanding the confluence of the West and the East cultures in end-of-life care practices. This study therefore aims at building our best practice to enhance the capacity of residential care homes in providing culturally appropriate end-of-life care...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215389/dissemination-and-implementation-science-training-needs-insights-from-practitioners-and-researchers
#6
Rachel G Tabak, Margaret M Padek, Jon F Kerner, Kurt C Stange, Enola K Proctor, Maureen J Dobbins, Graham A Colditz, David A Chambers, Ross C Brownson
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination and implementation research training has great potential to improve the impact and reach of health-related research; however, research training needs from the end user perspective are unknown. This paper identifies and prioritizes dissemination and implementation research training needs. METHODS: A diverse sample of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers was invited to participate in Concept Mapping in 2014-2015. Phase 1 (Brainstorming) gathered participants' responses to the prompt: To improve the impact of research evidence in practice and policy settings, a skill in which researchers need more training is… The resulting statement list was edited and included subsequent phases...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215370/the-healthy-aging-research-network-modeling-collaboration-for-community-impact
#7
EDITORIAL
Basia Belza, Mary Altpeter, Matthew Lee Smith, Marcia G Ory
As the first Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Prevention Research Centers Program thematic network, the Healthy Aging Research Network was established to better understand the determinants of healthy aging within older adult populations, identify interventions that promote healthy aging, and assist in translating research into sustainable community-based programs throughout the nation. To achieve these goals requires concerted efforts of a collaborative network of academic, community, and public health organizational partnerships...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214663/the-care-of-and-communication-with-older-people-from-the-perspective-of-student-nurses-a-mixed-method-study
#8
Lena Marmstål Hammar, Inger K Holmström, Karin Skoglund, Martina Summer Meranius, Annelie J Sundler
BACKGROUND: Undergraduate nurse education needs to prepare student nurses to meet the demands and to have the necessary communication skills for caring for an increasing older population. The challenges involve how best to support and empower student nurses to learn the communication skills needed to care for older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate student nurses' views on the care of and communication with older people. DESIGN: A descriptive study with a mixed-method approach was conducted...
February 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211848/host-specificity-of-symbiodinium-variants-revealed-by-an-its2-metahaplotype-approach
#9
Edward G Smith, Remi N Ketchum, John A Burt
Analysis of the widely used ITS region is confounded by the presence of intragenomic variants (IGVs). In Symbiodinium, the algal symbionts of reef building corals, deep-sequencing analyses are used to characterise communities within corals, yet these analyses largely overlook IGVs. Here we consider that distinct ITS2 sequences could represent IGVs rather than distinct symbiont types and argue that symbionts can be distinguished by their proportional composition of IGVs, described as their ITS2 metahaplotype...
February 17, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211503/the-enforcement-of-moral-boundaries-promotes-cooperation-and-prosocial-behavior-in-groups
#10
Brent Simpson, Robb Willer, Ashley Harrell
The threat of free-riding makes the marshalling of cooperation from group members a fundamental challenge of social life. Where classical social science theory saw the enforcement of moral boundaries as a critical way by which group members regulate one another's self-interest and build cooperation, moral judgments have most often been studied as processes internal to individuals. Here we investigate how the interpersonal expression of positive and negative moral judgments encourages cooperation in groups and prosocial behavior between group members...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#11
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209143/collaborative-leadership-and-the-implementation-of-community-based-fall-prevention-initiatives-a-multiple-case-study-of-public-health-practice-within-community-groups
#12
Maureen Markle-Reid, Cathy Dykeman, Jenny Ploeg, Caralyn Kelly Stradiotto, Angela Andrews, Susan Bonomo, Sarah Orr-Shaw, Niyati Salker
BACKGROUND: Falls among community-dwelling older adults are a serious public health concern. While evidence-based fall prevention strategies are available, their effective implementation requires broad cross-sector coordination that is beyond the capacity of any single institution or organization. Community groups comprised of diverse stakeholders that include public health, care providers from the public and private sectors and citizen volunteers are working to deliver locally-based fall prevention...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207198/integrated-precision-medicine-the-role-of-electronic-health-records-in-delivering-personalized-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Amy Sitapati, Hyeoneui Kim, Barbara Berkovich, Rebecca Marmor, Siddharth Singh, Robert El-Kareh, Brian Clay, Lucila Ohno-Machado
Precision Medicine involves the delivery of a targeted, personalized treatment for a given patient. By harnessing the power of electronic health records (EHRs), we are increasingly able to practice precision medicine to improve patient outcomes. In this article, we introduce the scientific community at large to important building blocks for personalized treatment, such as terminology standards that are the foundation of the EHR and allow for exchange of health information across systems. We briefly review different types of clinical decision support (CDS) and present the current state of CDS, which is already improving the care patients receive with genetic profile-based tailored recommendations regarding diagnostic and treatment plans...
February 16, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203633/individual-differences-predict-low-prevalence-visual-search-performance
#14
Chad Peltier, Mark W Becker
Critical real-world visual search tasks such as radiology and baggage screening rely on the detection of rare targets. When targets are rare, observers search for a relatively short amount of time and have a high miss rate, a pattern of results known as the low prevalence effect. Attempts to improve the search for rare targets have been unsuccessful or resulted in an increase in detections at the price of more false alarms. As an alternative to improving visual search performance through experimental manipulations, an individual differences approach found that those with higher working memory capacity were better at finding rare targets...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203262/participatory-epidemiology-the-contribution-of-participatory-research-to-epidemiology
#15
REVIEW
Mario Bach, Susanne Jordan, Susanne Hartung, Claudia Santos-Hövener, Michael T Wright
BACKGROUND: Epidemiology has contributed in many ways to identifying various risk factors for disease and to promoting population health. However, there is a continuing debate about the ability of epidemiology not only to describe, but also to provide results which can be better translated into public health practice. It has been proposed that participatory research approaches be applied to epidemiology as a way to bridge this gap between description and action. A systematic account of what constitutes participatory epidemiology practice has, however, been lacking...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202653/argentine-ants-linepithema-humile-use-adaptable-transportation-networks-to-track-changes-in-resource-quality
#16
Tanya Latty, Michael J Holmes, James C Makinson, Madeleine Beekman
Transportation networks play a crucial role in human and animal societies. For a transportation network to be efficient, it must have adequate capacity to meet traffic demand. Network design becomes increasingly difficult in situations where traffic demand can change unexpectedly. In humans, network design is often constrained by path dependency because it is difficult to move a road once it is built. A similar issue theoretically faces pheromone-trail-laying social insects; once a trail has been laid, positive feedback makes re-routing difficult because new trails cannot compete with continually reinforced pre-existing trails...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199151/antimicrobial-resistance-percentages-of-salmonella-and-shigella-in-seafood-imported-to-jordan-higher-percentages-and-more-diverse-profiles-in-shigella
#17
Mohammad M Obaidat, Alaa E Bani Salman
This study determined the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of human-specific ( Shigella spp.) and zoonotic ( Salmonella enterica ) foodborne pathogens in internationally traded seafood. Sixty-four Salmonella and 61 Shigella isolates were obtained from 330 imported fresh fish samples from Egypt, Yemen, and India. The pathogens were isolated on selective media, confirmed by PCR, and tested for antimicrobial resistance. Approximately 79 and 98% of the Salmonella and Shigella isolates, respectively, exhibited resistance to at least one antimicrobial, and 8 and 49% exhibited multidrug resistance (resistance to three or more antimicrobial classes)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197155/dissecting-the-biochemical-and-transcriptomic-effects-of-a-locally-applied-heat-treatment-on-developing-cabernet-sauvignon-grape-berries
#18
Fatma Lecourieux, Christian Kappel, Philippe Pieri, Justine Charon, Jérémy Pillet, Ghislaine Hilbert, Christel Renaud, Eric Gomès, Serge Delrot, David Lecourieux
Reproductive development of grapevine and berry composition are both strongly influenced by temperature. To date, the molecular mechanisms involved in grapevine berries response to high temperatures are poorly understood. Unlike recent data that addressed the effects on berry development of elevated temperatures applied at the whole plant level, the present work particularly focuses on the fruit responses triggered by direct exposure to heat treatment (HT). In the context of climate change, this work focusing on temperature effect at the microclimate level is of particular interest as it can help to better understand the consequences of leaf removal (a common viticultural practice) on berry development...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196579/realisation-of-a-joint-consumer-engagement-strategy-in-the-nepean-blue-mountains-region
#19
Ilse Blignault, Diana Aspinall, Lizz Reay, Kay Hyman
Ensuring consumer engagement at different levels of the health system - direct care, organisational design and governance and policy - has become a strategic priority. This case study explored, through interviews with six purposively selected 'insiders' and document review, how one Medicare Local (now a Primary Health Network, PHN) and Local Health District worked together with consumers, to establish a common consumer engagement structure and mechanisms to support locally responsive, integrated and consumer-centred services...
February 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196539/does-access-to-a-demand-led-evidence-briefing-service-improve-uptake-and-use-of-research-evidence-by-health-service-commissioners-a-controlled-before-and-after-study
#20
Paul M Wilson, Kate Farley, Liz Bickerdike, Alison Booth, Duncan Chambers, Mark Lambert, Carl Thompson, Rhiannon Turner, Ian S Watt
BACKGROUND: The Health and Social Care Act mandated research use as a core consideration of health service commissioning arrangements in England. We undertook a controlled before and after study to evaluate whether access to a demand-led evidence briefing service improved the use of research evidence by commissioners compared with less intensive and less targeted alternatives. METHODS: Nine Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in the North of England received one of three interventions: (A) access to an evidence briefing service; (B) contact plus an unsolicited push of non-tailored evidence; or (C) unsolicited push of non-tailored evidence...
February 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
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