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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926688/covalent-triazine-frameworks-via-a-low-temperature-polycondensation-approach
#1
Kewei Wang, Liming Yang, Xi Wang, Liping Guo, Guang Cheng, Chun Zhang, Shangbin Jin, Bien Tan, Andrew Cooper
Covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs) are normally synthesized by ionothermal methods. The harsh synthetic conditions and associated limited structural diversity do not benefit for further development and practical large-scale synthesis of CTFs. Herein we report a new strategy to construct CTFs (CTF-HUSTs) via a polycondensation approach, which allows the synthesis of CTFs under mild conditions from a wide array of building blocks. Interestingly, these CTFs display a layered structure. The CTFs synthesized were also readily scaled up to gram quantities...
September 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926033/working-towards-consensus-the-need-for-coordinated-policies-to-assist-control-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-emerging-disease-threats-in-south-east-asia
#2
I W Patrick, S Sovann, S Socheat
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is an important transboundary disease in South-East Asia. Its control has been a priority in the region for at least 20 years, with extensive institutional support and capacity-building being provided by the international community through the World Organisation for Animal Health. This paper describes the FMD control and eradication programme in the Mekong region (Myanmar, Thailand, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Cambodia and Vietnam) of South-East Asia and evaluates the FMD control programme in one of the region's countries, namely Cambodia...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923820/family-medicine-in-ethiopia-lessons-from-a-global-collaboration
#3
Ann Evensen, Dawit Wondimagegn, Daniel Zemenfes Ashebir, Katherine Rouleau, Cynthia Haq, Abbas Ghavam-Rassoul, Praseedha Janakiram, Elizabeth Kvach, Heidi Busse, James Conniff, Brian Cornelson
BACKGROUND: Building the capacity of local health systems to provide high-quality, self-sustaining medical education and health care is the central purpose for many global health partnerships (GHPs). Since 2001, our global partner consortium collaborated to establish Family Medicine in Ethiopia; the first Ethiopian family physicians graduated in February 2016. METHODS: The authors, representing the primary Ethiopian, Canadian, and American partners in the GHP, identified obstacles, accomplishments, opportunities, errors, and observations from the years preceding residency launch and the first 3 years of the residency...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923268/an-instrumental-case-study-examining-the-introduction-and-dissemination-of-the-baby-friendly-health-initiative-in-australia-participants-perspectives
#4
Marjorie Atchan, Deborah Davis, Maralyn Foureur
BACKGROUND: Australia experiences high breastfeeding initiation but low duration rates. UNICEF introduced the global breastfeeding strategy, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, to Australia in 1992, transferring governance to the Australian College of Midwives (ACM) in 1995. In 2017 23% of facilities were registered as 'baby-friendly' accredited. AIM: To examine the introduction and dissemination of the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative into the Australian national setting...
September 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921882/recommendations-for-obesity-prevention-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-concept-mapping-study-among-scientific-and-professional-experts
#5
D A Kornet-van der Aa, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, J Mayer, J M Borys, M J M Chinapaw
The present study aimed to enrich the scientific evidence on obesity prevention programmes for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds with practice-based experiences from both scientific and professional experts in the field of youth obesity prevention. We used the participatory method of concept mapping. Two concept mapping sessions were conducted: one with programme coordinators of national/regional obesity prevention programmes across Europe (n = 8) and one with scientists participating in European obesity prevention projects (n = 5)...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921759/a-pedagogical-framework-for-facilitating-parents-learning-in-nurse-parent-partnership
#6
Nick Hopwood, Teena Clerke, Anne Nguyen
Nursing work increasingly demands forms of expertise that complement specialist knowledge. In child and family nursing, this need arises when nurses work in partnership with parents of young children at risk. Partnership means working with parents in respectful, negotiated and empowering ways. Existing partnership literature emphasises communicative and relational skills, but this paper focuses on nurses' capacities to facilitate parents' learning. Referring to data from home visiting, day-stay and specialist toddler clinic services in Sydney, a pedagogical framework is presented...
September 17, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920947/the-capacity-building-approach-was-successful-in-the-start-up-process-of-the-first-hsct-center-in-iraqi-kurdistan
#7
I Majolino, A Rovelli, M Vacca, M Verna, M Canesi, V Conter, D Othman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920518/the-indirect-costs-of-underfunding-foreign-partners-in-global-health-research-a-case-study
#8
Johanna T Crane, Irene Andia Biraro, Tamer M Fouad, Yap Boum, David R Bangsberg
This study of a global health research partnership assesses how U.S. fiscal administrative policies impact capacity building at foreign partner institutions. We conducted a case study of a research collaboration between Mbarara University of Science and Technology (MUST) in Mbarara, Uganda, and originally the University of California San Francisco (UCSF), but now Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Our case study is based on three of the authors' experiences directing and working with this partnership from its inception in 2003 through 2015...
September 16, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919839/ground-up-top-down-a-mixed-method-action-research-study-aimed-at-normalising-research-in-practice-for-nurses-and-midwives
#9
Vicki Parker, Gena Lieschke, Michelle Giles
BACKGROUND: Improving health, patient and system outcomes through a practice-based research agenda requires infrastructural supports, leadership and capacity building approaches, at both the individual and organisational levels. Embedding research as normal nursing and midwifery practice requires a flexible approach that is responsive to the diverse clinical contexts within which care is delivered and the variable research skills and interest of clinicians. This paper reports the study protocol for research being undertaken in a Local Health District (LHD) in New South Wales (NSW) Australia...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913836/female-reproductive-system-morphology-of-crab-eating-fox-cerdocyon-thous-and-cryopreservation-of-genetic-material-for-animal-germplasm-bank-enrichment
#10
L C Machado, K C S Roballo, F S Cury, C E Ambrósio
The sprawl of the urbanization and road network process without building ecological corridors contributes to the high mortality rates and a threat to the population decline of wild species such as the crab-eating fox. A strategy for the ex situ conservation is the study of the reproductive biology of the species and cryopreservation of their genetic heritage through the formation of an animal germplasm bank. This research is in accordance with the principles adopted by Brazilian College of Animal Experimentation...
September 15, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913681/calculation-of-intercepted-runoff-depth-based-on-stormwater-quality-and-environmental-capacity-of-receiving-waters-for-initial-stormwater-pollution-management
#11
Hai-Qin Peng, Yan Liu, Xue-Long Gao, Hong-Wu Wang, Yi Chen, Hui-Yi Cai
While point source pollutions have gradually been controlled in recent years, the non-point source pollution problem has become increasingly prominent. The receiving waters are frequently polluted by the initial stormwater from the separate stormwater system and the wastewater from sewage pipes through stormwater pipes. Consequently, calculating the intercepted runoff depth has become a problem that must be resolved immediately for initial stormwater pollution management. The accurate calculation of intercepted runoff depth provides a solid foundation for selecting the appropriate size of intercepting facilities in drainage and interception projects...
September 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913174/research-ethics-committees-in-the-pacific-islands-gaps-and-opportunities-for-health-sector-strengthening
#12
J T Denholm, K Bissell, K Viney, A M Durand, H L Cash, C Roseveare, O E Merilles, A D Harries, S Biribo
There has been a range of developments in recent years to stimulate increasing public health research activity throughout the Pacific. Development of local capacity for ethics committee review and oversight is, however, frequently underdeveloped. This is reflected in the number of Pacific Island nations where ethics committees have not been established or where only informal processes exist for ethics review and oversight. This is problematic for the optimal development of relevant and culturally appropriate research, and building up local ethics committees should be part of continued research development in the Pacific...
March 21, 2017: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#13
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912404/significance-of-uicc-activities-in-global-health-initiatives-on-cancer-looking-towards-the-future-of-cooperative-networks-for-cancer-care-in-asia-a-dialogue-with-the-union-for-international-cancer-control-uicc
#14
Norie Kawahara, Cary Adams, Hideyuki Akaza
At the 24th Asia Pacific Cancer Conference held in Seoul, Korea from 22 to 24 June 2017, a dialogue with Dr.Cary Adams, CEO of the Union for International Cancer Control(UICC)was held to discuss the significance of UICC activities in global health initiatives on cancer and pathways for cooperation on cancer control and care.UICC is engaged in a wide range of capacity building, advocacy and convening initiatives and is increasingly focusing on multi-sectoral approaches.In Japan activities are still predominantly focused on scientific and clinical research and this dialogue provided an opportunity to discuss the possibilities for expanding cooperation in Asia, using the UICC Asia Regional Office(UICC-ARO)as a platform...
September 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911332/-we-are-toothless-and-hanging-but-optimistic-sub-county-managers-experiences-of-rapid-devolution-in-coastal-kenya
#15
Mary M Nyikuri, Benjamin Tsofa, Philip Okoth, Edwine W Barasa, Sassy Molyneux
BACKGROUND: In March 2013, Kenya transitioned from a centralized to a devolved system of governance. Within the health sector, this entailed the transfer of service provision functions to 47 newly formed semi-autonomous counties, while policy and regulatory functions were retained at the national level. The devolution process was rapid rather than progressive. METHODS: We conducted qualitative research within one county to examine the early experiences of devolution in the health sector...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911328/devolution-and-its-effects-on-health-workforce-and-commodities-management-early-implementation-experiences-in-kilifi-county-kenya
#16
Benjamin Tsofa, Catherine Goodman, Lucy Gilson, Sassy Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Decentralisation is argued to promote community participation, accountability, technical efficiency, and equity in the management of resources, and has been a recurring theme in health system reforms for several decades. In 2010, Kenya passed a new constitution that introduced 47 semi-autonomous county governments, with substantial transfer of responsibility for health service delivery from the central government to these counties. Focusing on two key elements of the health system, Human Resources for Health (HRH) and Essential Medicines and Medical Supplies (EMMS) management, we analysed the early implementation experiences of this major governance reform at county level...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911258/effect-of-cryopreservation-on-cell-laden-hydrogels-comparison-of-different-cryoprotectants
#17
Nicola Cagol, Walter Bonani, Devid Maniglio, Claudio Migliaresi, Antonella Motta
Cell encapsulation in hydrogels is a technique that offers a variety of applications, ranging from drug delivery to biofabrication of three-dimensional scaffolds. The assembly of cell-laden hydrogel building blocks aims to generate complex biological constructs by manipulating microscale units. An important issue for the clinical implementation of this technique is the long-term storage of a large stock of cell/hydrogel building blocks. In this work, the impact of cryopreservation on the viability and functionality of cells encapsulated in alginate matrices is presented comparing different cryoprotective agents (CPAs)...
September 14, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910094/hemicellulosic-polysaccharides-mimics-synthesis-of-tailored-bottlebrush-like-xyloglucan-oligosaccharide-glycopolymers-as-binders-of-nanocrystalline-cellulose
#18
Jing Chen, Christophe Travelet, Redouane Borsali, Sami Halila
We report in this contribution that while low molecular weight hemicellulosic building blocks are known not to interact with cellulosic materials, their multivalent presentation on a polymeric scaffold significantly enhanced the binding interactions that are remarkably in the same range as those usually observed for lectin-carbohydrate interactions. We developed a poly(propargyl methacrylate) scaffold on which we conjugated, by "post-click" reaction, a variety of azide reducing-end functionalized xyloglucan oligosaccharides with controlled enzymatic-mediated rate of degalactosylation...
September 14, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906542/illuminating-the-pathway-for-the-next-generation-of-cardiovascular-medicine-practitioners-and-researchers-highlights-of-the-joint-pascar-scc-clinical-symposium-on-hypertension-and-heart-failure-cameroon
#19
Martin H Abanda, Anastase Dzudie, Ba Hamadou, Yves Monkam, Henry Luma, Marie Solange Douala, Loryane Nganhyim, Bonaventure S Dzekem, Theophile N Nana, George Nel, Ana O Mocumbi, Simon Stewart, Karen Sliwa, Eugene Belley Priso
The Pan-African Society of Cardiology roadmap aims to achieve a 25% control of hypertension by the year 2025. Whether this is attainable or not depends largely on the capacity of healthcare providers and policy makers to address the rising prevalence of hypertension and its complications, including heart failure. Task sharing is fundamental in optimising hypertension control. The Clinical Research Education, Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) engaged with the Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR) and the Cameroon Cardiac Society (SCC) in a joint hypertension and heart failure symposium at the Douala General Hospital in 2016...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902146/community-capacity-building-for-physical-activity-promotion-among-older-adults-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Tobias Ubert, Sarah Forberger, Dirk Gansefort, Hajo Zeeb, Tilman Brand
Community-based interventions to promote physical activity (PA) among older adults are of high interest in health promotion since they promise to be effective strategies to reach this population group. Community capacity building, that is, the local promotion of knowledge, skills, commitment, structures, and leadership, is among the recommended core strategies. However, little guidance is provided on how to achieve a high degree of community capacity. This study aims to identify practical strategies to enhance community capacities for PA promotion among older adults (50 years or older) and to evaluate their success...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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