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Capacity building

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783190/importance-of-surface-modification-of-%C3%AE-alumina-in-creating-its-nanostructured-composites-with-zeolitic-imidazolate-framework-zif-67
#1
Yuanyuan Liu, Alexandre A S Gonçalves, Yang Zhou, Mietek Jaroniec
Application of zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67) as an adsorbent has been greatly hindered by slow mass transfer of adsorbate molecules due to its inherent microporosity. To address this limitation, we have developed binary nanostructures composed of ZIF-67 and γ-alumina (GA) containing respectively micropores and large mesopores. The nanostructured composites were successfully prepared by coupling ZIF-67 and GA with and without surface modification with imidazole silane that mimics the building blocks of ZIF-67 to obtain GA-Im-ZIF-67 (with imidazole silane) and GA-ZIF-67 (without imidazole silane)...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783175/hiv-viral-suppression-in-oman-encouraging-progress-toward-achieving-the-united-nations-third-90
#2
Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Halima Al-Sawafi, Jalila Al-Noumani, Adil Al-Baloushi, Saad Al-Alawi, Salma Al-Badi, Zainab Mohammed, Jokha Al-Ghafri, Asma Suleimani, Huda Al-Mashani, Jyothish Raju, Saada Al-Riyami, Muna Al-Shukri, Abdul Wahab, Bilal Hussain, Khalifa Al-Naabi, Anantha Narayan, Noreen Oliveros, George Prasad, Ahmed Hussein, Rajeev Kashyp, Khalid Al-Shardi, Ahmed Nada, Shakil Akhwand, Bina Kamble, Kawthar Al-Aamri, Suad Al-Mukhaini, Hanan Al-Kindi, Faryal Khamis, Amal Al-Maani, Idris Al-Abaidani, Seif Al-Abri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of capacity-building interventions introduced by the Oman National AIDS Programme on the quality of HIV care in the country. METHODS: HIV viral load (VL) suppression and loss to follow-up (LTFU) rates were calculated for the period before (in December 2015; n=1098) and after (in June 2017; n=1185) the introduction of the interventions: training, support, and care pathway development. Three HIV VL cuts-offs at last measurement in the year of interest were used to define VL suppression...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781698/a-middle-range-model-for-improving-quality-of-nursing-education-in-malawi
#3
Thokozani M Bvumbwe, Ntombifikile G Mtshali
BACKGROUND:  Despite a global consensus that nurses and midwives constitute the majority and are a backbone of any country's health workforce system, productive capacity of training institutions remains low and still needs more guidance. This study aimed at developing a middle-range model to guide efforts in nursing education improvements. OBJECTIVE:  To explore challenges facing nursing education in Malawi and to describe efforts that are being put in place to improve nursing education and the process of development of a model to improve nursing education in Malawi...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781693/collaborative-postgraduate-training-in-family-medicine-and-primary-care-reflections-on-my-visit-to-south-africa
#4
Felicity Goodyear-Smith
This reflection describes my funded visit to South Africa to assist in primary care research capacity building as Chair, WONCA Working Party on Research (WP-R). The trip included time at the Universities of Walter Sisulu, Limpopo and Stellenbosch to mentor postgraduate students working on master's and PhD theses. I held one-on-one and group sessions and ran interactive scientific writing workshops. I assisted with the establishment of a Stellenbosch University Family Physician Research Network of faculty academics and family physicians (FP) which will generate research questions from community stakeholders...
April 26, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781350/on-line-ethics-education-for-occupational-therapy-clinician-educators-a-single-group-pre-post-test-study
#5
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
PURPOSE: Ethics education is a critical component of training rehabilitation practitioners. There is a need for capacity-building among ethics educators regarding facilitating ethical decision-making among students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an on-line ethics education module for occupational therapy clinician-educators (problem-based learning tutors/clinical placement preceptors/evidence-based practice facilitators). METHOD: The Knowledge-to-Action Process informed development and evaluation of the module...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779552/using-echo-clinics-to-promote-capacity-building-in-clinical-supervision
#6
Michael J Chaple, Thomas E Freese, Beth A Rutkowski, Laurie Krom, Andrew S Kurtz, James A Peck, Paul Warren, Susan Garrett
INTRODUCTION: Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO™) is a hub-and-spoke knowledge-sharing network, led by expert teams who use multipoint videoconferencing to conduct virtual clinics with community providers in order to improve the quality of care. For this project, members of the Addiction Technology Transfer Center network applied this model in order to enhance workforce capacity to deliver clinical supervision for the treatment of substance use disorders. METHODS: Clinical supervisors (n=66) employed in substance use disorder treatment programs were recruited to participate in this pilot study...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778076/design-and-synthesis-of-core-shell-fe-3-o-4-ptmt-composite-magnetic-microspheres-for-adsorption-of-heavy-metals-from-high-salinity-wastewater
#7
Xin Huang, Jinyue Yang, Jingkang Wang, Jingtao Bi, Chuang Xie, Hongxun Hao
In this study, a novel magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) modified by an organodisulfide polymer (PTMT) was designed for adsorption of heavy metals (Hg(II), Pb(II) and Cd(II)) from simulated coal chemical high salinity wastewater. The MNP-PTMT nano-composite was synthesize and characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR, BET, VSM, TGA and XRD. The results indicate that the wanted MNP-PTMT magnetic nanoparticles were successfully obtained by modification. Adsorption experiments were systematically carried out to evaluate the performance of the obtained nanoparticles and to build up the adsorption models...
May 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772809/rcss-a-real-time-on-demand-charging-scheduling-scheme-for-wireless-rechargeable-sensor-networks
#8
Ping Zhong, Yiwen Zhang, Shuaihua Ma, Xiaoyan Kui, Jianliang Gao
With the emergence of edge computing, a large number of devices such as sensor nodes have been deployed in the edge network to sense and process data. However, how to provide real-time on-demand energy for these edge devices is a new challenge issue of edge networks. In real-world applications of edge computing, sensor nodes usually have different task burdens due to the environmental impact, which results in a dynamic change of the energy consumption rate at different nodes. Therefore, the traditional periodical charging mode cannot meet the nodes charging demand that have dynamic energy consumption...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770971/adoption-of-high-technology-medical-imaging-and-hospital-quality-and-efficiency-towards-a-conceptual-framework
#9
Guillermo A Sandoval, Adalsteinn D Brown, Walter P Wodchis, Geoffrey M Anderson
Measuring the value of medical imaging is challenging, in part, due to the lack of conceptual frameworks underlying potential mechanisms where value may be assessed. To address this gap, this article proposes a framework that builds on the large body of literature on quality of hospital care and the classic structure-process-outcome paradigm. The framework was also informed by the literature on adoption of technological innovations and introduces 2 distinct though related aspects of imaging technology not previously addressed specifically in the literature on quality of hospital care: adoption (a structural hospital characteristic) and use (an attribute of the process of care)...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770670/-final-evaluation-of-control-program-of-key-parasitic-diseases-in-jinhu-county-2006-2015-jiangsu-province
#10
Sun Dao-Kuan, Zhang Cui-Ping
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the Control Program of Key Parasitic Diseases in Jinhu County from 2006 to 2015, so as to provide the evidence for the future work of prevention and control. METHODS: The historical data about key parasitoses were collected, and the organization management, financial support, capacity building, control effects, and so on were evaluated with the descriptive method. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, totally 19 technique educations were conducted, 844...
January 9, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767589/efficient-nonparametric-confidence-bands-for-receiver-operating-characteristic-curves
#11
Pablo Martínez-Camblor, Sonia Pérez-Fernández, Norberto Corral
Receiver operating-characteristic curve is a popular graphical method frequently used in order to study the diagnostic capacity of continuous (bio)markers. In spite of the existence of a huge number of papers devoted to both theoretical and practical aspects of this topic, the construction of confidence bands has had little impact in the specialized literature. As far as the authors know, in the CRAN there are only three R packages providing receiver operating-characteristic curve confidence regions: plotROC, pROC and fbroc...
June 2018: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767439/lessons-learned-and-next-steps-for-building-knowledge-about-tribal-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting
#12
Corrie B Whitmore, Michelle Sarche, Cathy Ferron, John Moritsugu, Jenae G Sanchez
Authors in this Special Issue of the Infant Mental Health Journal shared the work of the first three cohorts of Tribal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) grantees funded by the Administration for Children and Families. Since 2010, Tribal MIECHV grantees have served families and children prenatally to kindergarten entry in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities across the lower 48 United States and Alaska. Articles highlighted challenges and opportunities that arose as grantees adapted, enhanced, implemented, and evaluated their home-visiting models...
May 16, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764426/outcome-of-capacity-building-intervention-for-malaria-vector-surveillance-control-and-research-in-nigerian-higher-institutions
#13
Adedayo O Oduola, Abiodun Obembe, Olukayode J Adelaja, Adeniyi K Adeneye, Joel Akilah, Taiwo S Awolola
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of effective malaria vector control intervention tools, implementation of control programmes in Nigeria is challenged by inadequate entomological surveillance data. This study was designed to assess and build the existing capacity for malaria vector surveillance, control and research (MVSC&R) in Nigerian institutions. METHODS: Application call to select qualified candidates for the capacity building (CB) intervention training programme was advertised in a widely read newspaper and online platforms of national and international professional bodies...
May 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764144/from-intermediate-anisotropic-to-isotropic-friction-at-large-strain-rates-to-account-for-viscosity-thickening-in-polymer-solutions
#14
Pavlos S Stephanou, Martin Kröger
The steady-state extensional viscosity of dense polymeric liquids in elongational flows is known to be peculiar in the sense that for entangled polymer melts it monotonically decreases-whereas for concentrated polymer solutions it increases-with increasing strain rate beyond the inverse Rouse time. To shed light on this issue, we solve the kinetic theory model for concentrated polymer solutions and entangled melts proposed by Curtiss and Bird, also known as the tumbling-snake model, supplemented by a variable link tension coefficient that we relate to the uniaxial nematic order parameter of the polymer...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763856/hospital-readmission-risks-in-older-adults-following-inpatient-subacute-care-a-six-month-follow-up-study
#15
Den-Ching A Lee, Cylie Williams, Aislinn F Lalor, Ted Brown, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: High rates of unplanned hospital readmissions are a burden on healthcare systems and individuals. This study examined factors at, and after initial hospital discharge and their associations with unplanned hospital readmission for older adults up to six months post-discharge from subacute care. METHODS: Older subacute care patients were surveyed prior to discharge, and assessed monthly post-discharge for six months. Data included the Geriatric Depression Scale, Phone-Fitt sub-scales, Friendship Scale, modified Lubben Social Network Scale, unplanned hospital readmission, self-reported physical capacity and falls in the last month were collected...
May 9, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762070/developing-a-palliative-care-competency-framework-for-health-professionals-and-volunteers-the-nova-scotian-experience
#16
Meg McCallum, Janet Carver, David Dupere, Sharon Ganong, J David Henderson, Ann McKim, Lisa McNeil-Campbell, Holly Richardson, Judy Simpson, Cheryl Tschupruk, Heather Jewers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2014, Nova Scotia released a provincial palliative care strategy and implementation working groups were established. The Capacity Building and Practice Change Working Group, comprised of health professionals, public advisors, academics, educators, and a volunteer supervisor, was asked to select palliative care education programs for health professionals and volunteers. The first step in achieving this mandate was to establish competencies for health professionals and volunteers caring for patients with life-limiting illness and their families and those specializing in palliative care...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760768/mechanisms-of-change-for-interventions-aimed-at-improving-the-wellbeing-mental-health-and-resilience-of-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-war-and-armed-conflict-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760031/creating-a-centralized-infrastructure-to-facilitate-medical-education-research
#18
Dean A Seehusen, Arch G Mainous, Alexander W Chessman
PURPOSE: Building research capacity and increasing scholarly productivity are identified needs of the specialty of family medicine. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has increased the scholarly requirements for residency programs, placing even more pressure on faculty to be productive in the scholarly realm. The Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) was created by volunteer members of the specialty with shared interests in overcoming barriers and increasing scholarly production...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759009/implementation-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-community-based-interventions-for-cardiovascular-health-through-a-national-not-for-profit-a-multiple-case-study
#19
Whitney R Garney, Leigh E Szucs, Kristin Primm, Laura King Hahn, Kristen M Garcia, Emily Martin, Kenneth McLeroy
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded the American Heart Association to implement policy, systems, and environment-focused strategies targeting access to healthy food and beverages, physical activity, and smoke-free environments. METHOD: To understand factors affecting implementation and variations in success across sites, evaluators conducted a multiple case study. Based on past literature, community sites were categorized as capacity-building or implementation-ready, for comparison...
May 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758431/a-framework-to-investigate-drivers-of-adaptation-decisions-in-marine-fishing-evidence-from-urban-semi-urban-and-rural-communities
#20
Krishna Malakar, Trupti Mishra, Anand Patwardhan
Traditional fishing livelihoods need to adapt to changing fish catch/populations, led by numerous anthropogenic, environmental and climatic stressors. The decision to adapt can be influenced by a variety of socio-economic and perceptual factors. However, adaptation decision-making in fishing communities has rarely been studied. Based on previous literature and focus group discussions with community, this study identifies few prominent adaptation responses in marine fishing and proposes credible factors driving decisions to adopt them...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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