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Capacity building

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339941/building-capacity-to-encourage-research-reproducibility-and-makeresearchtrue
#1
Melissa L Rethlefsen, Mellanye J Lackey, Shirley Zhao
Background: Research into study replication and reporting has led to wide concern about a reproducibility crisis. Reproducibility is coming to the attention of major grant funders, including the National Institutes of Health, which launched new grant application instructions regarding rigor and reproducibility in 2015. Study Purpose: In this case study, the authors present one library's work to help increase awareness of reproducibility and to build capacity for our institution to improve reproducibility of ongoing and future research...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337997/event-based-surveillance-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-in-bangladesh-among-pilgrims-and-travelers-from-the-middle-east-an-update-for-the-period-2013-2016
#2
A K M Muraduzzaman, Manjur Hossain Khan, Rezina Parveen, Sharmin Sultana, Ahmed Nawsher Alam, Arifa Akram, Mahmudur Rahman, Tahmina Shirin
INTRODUCTION: Every year around 150,000 pilgrims from Bangladesh perform Umrah and Hajj. Emergence and continuous reporting of MERS-CoV infection in Saudi Arabia emphasize the need for surveillance of MERS-CoV in returning pilgrims or travelers from the Middle East and capacity building of health care providers for disease containment. The Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control & Research (IEDCR) under the Bangladesh Ministry of Health and Family welfare (MoHFW), is responsible for MERS-CoV screening of pilgrims/ travelers returning from the Middle East with respiratory illness as part of its outbreak investigation and surveillance activities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336103/staff-preparedness-for-providing-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-homes-instrument-development-and-validation
#3
Helen Yl Chan, Gloria Km Chun, C W Man, Edward Mf Leung
AIM: Although much attention has been on integrating the palliative care approach into services of long-term care homes for older people living with frailty and progressive diseases, little is known about the staff preparedness for these new initiatives. The present study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument for measuring care home staff preparedness in providing palliative and end-of-life care. METHODS: A 16-item instrument, covering perceived knowledge, skill and psychological readiness, was developed...
January 16, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335236/tanzania-health-information-technology-t-hit-system-pilot-test-of-a-tablet-based-system-to-improve-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#4
Sheana Bull, Deborah Sk Thomas, Elias C Nyanza, Sospatro E Ngallaba
BACKGROUND: The prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV requires innovative solutions. Although routine monitoring is effective in some areas, standardized and easy-to-scale solutions to identify and monitor pregnant women, test them for HIV, and treat them and their children is still lacking. Mobile health (mHealth) offers opportunities for surveillance and reporting in rural areas of low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to document the preliminary impacts of the Tanzania Health Information Technology (T-HIT) system mHealth intervention aimed at health workers for PMTCT care delivery and capacity building in a rural area of Tanzania...
January 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335166/ambient-soil-cation-exchange-capacity-inversely-associates-with-infectious-and-parasitic-disease-risk-in-regional-australia
#5
Craig Liddicoat, Peng Bi, Michelle Waycott, John Glover, Martin Breed, Philip Weinstein
Human contact with soil may be important for building and maintaining normal healthy immune defence mechanisms, however this idea remains untested at the population-level. In this continent-wide, cross-sectional study we examine the possible public health benefit of ambient exposures to soil of high cation exchange capacity (CEC), a surrogate for potential immunomodulatory soil microbial diversity. We compare distributions of normalized mean 2011/12-2012/13 age-standardized public hospital admission rates (cumulative incidence) for infectious and parasitic diseases across regional Australia (representing an average of 29,516 patients/year in 228 local government areas), within tertiles of socioeconomic status and soil exposure...
January 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331819/new-strategy-for-determination-of-anthocyanins-polyphenols-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-brassica-oleracea-liquid-extract-using-infrared-spectroscopies-and-multivariate-regression
#6
Isadora R N de Oliveira, Jussara V Roque, Mariza P Maia, Paulo C Stringheta, Reinaldo F Teófilo
A new method was developed to determine the antioxidant properties of red cabbage extract (Brassica oleracea) by mid (MID) and near (NIR) infrared spectroscopies and partial least squares (PLS) regression. A 70% (v/v) ethanolic extract of red cabbage was concentrated to 9° Brix and further diluted (12 to 100%) in water. The dilutions were used as external standards for the building of PLS models. For the first time, this strategy was applied for building multivariate regression models. Reference analyses and spectral data were obtained from diluted extracts...
January 4, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#7
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325554/an-analysis-of-the-global-pharmacy-workforce-capacity-trends-from-2006-to-2012
#8
Ian Bates, Christopher John, Priyanka Seegobin, Andreia Bruno
BACKGROUND: Human resources for health are at a critical low. The World Health Organization estimates that the current shortage of health workers, including pharmacists, is in excess of 7.2 million worldwide and that, by 2035, the shortage will reach 12.9 million. Pharmacists, in particular, are lacking in the workforce in many countries. The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) and academic partners have conducted periodic global pharmacy workforce surveys in 2006, 2009 and 2012 which have monitored and reported on the status of the pharmacy workforce at the country and territory levels...
January 11, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324949/training-of-adolescent-multipliers-from-the-perspective-of-health-promotion-core-competencies
#9
Kely Vanessa Leite Gomes da Silva, Gleice Adriana Araújo Gonçalves, Shayane Bezerra Dos Santos, Maria de Fatima Antero Sousa Machado, Cristiana Brasil de Almeida Rebouças, Viviane Martins da Silva, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes
OBJECTIVE: Recognize the domains of health promotion core competencies in the training process of adolescents carried out by nursing students. METHOD: Qualitative and descriptive study, which used the theoretical methodological contribution Developing Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe (CompHP), carried out with 14 nursing students. RESULTS: There were four domains: Enable Change; Mediate through Partnership; Communication; and Leadership...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324417/robust-object-co-segmentation-using-background-prior
#10
Junwei Han, Rong Quan, Dingwen Zhang, Feiping Nie
Given a set of images that contain objects from a common category, object co-segmentation aims at automatically discovering and segmenting such common objects from each image. During the past few years, object co-segmentation has received great attention in the computer vision community. However, the existing approaches are usually designed with misleading assumptions, unscalable priors, or subjective computational models, which do not have sufficient robustness for dealing with complex and unconstrained real-world image contents...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#11
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322940/mental-health-capacity-building-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-the-emerald-programme
#12
G Thornicroft, M Semrau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322867/implementing-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-using-an-innovative-integrated-health-systems-approach-experiences-from-21-districts-in-zimbabwe
#13
Caryl Feldacker, Batsirai Makunike-Chikwinya, Marrianne Holec, Aaron F Bochner, Abby Stepaniak, Robert Nyanga, Sinokuthemba Xaba, Peter H Kilmarx, Amy Herman-Roloff, Taurayi Tafuma, Mufuta Tshimanga, Vuyelwa T Sidile-Chitimbire, Scott Barnhart
BACKGROUND: Despite increased support for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) to reduce HIV incidence, current VMMC progress falls short. Slow progress in VMMC expansion may be partially attributed to emphasis on vertical (stand-alone) over more integrated implementation models that are more responsive to local needs. In 2013, the ZAZIC consortium began implementation of a 5-year, integrated VMMC program jointly with Ministry of Health and Child Care (MoHCC) in Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVE: To explore ZAZIC's approach emphasizing existing healthcare workers and infrastructure, increasing program sustainability and resilience...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321526/the-chemical-armament-of-reef-building-corals-inter-and-intra-specific-variation-and-the-identification-of-an-unusual-actinoporin-in-stylophora-pistilata
#14
Hanit Ben-Ari, Moran Paz, Daniel Sher
Corals, like other cnidarians, are venomous animals that rely on stinging cells (nematocytes) and their toxins to catch prey and defend themselves against predators. However, little is known about the chemical arsenal employed by stony corals, despite their ecological importance. Here, we show large differences in the density of nematocysts and whole-body hemolytic activity between different species of reef-building corals. In the branched coral Stylophora pistillata, the tips of the branches exhibited a greater hemolytic activity than the bases...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320943/management-training-in-global-health-education-a-health-innovation-fellowship-training-program-to-bring-healthcare-to-low-income-communities-in-central-america
#15
Andrea M Prado, Andy A Pearson, Nathan S Bertelsen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is increasingly recognized as essential for health education worldwide. Although effective management, innovation, and entrepreneurship are necessary to improve health systems, business schools have been underrepresented in global health education. Central America needs more health professionals trained in health management and innovation to respond to health disparities, especially in rural communities. OBJECTIVE:   This paper explores the impact of the Health Innovation Fellowship (HIF), a new training program for practicing health professionals offered jointly by the Central American Healthcare Initiative and INCAE Business School, Costa Rica...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318829/-key-points-of-poverty-alleviation-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-industry-and-classification-of-recommended-chinese-herbal-medicines
#16
Lu-Qi Huang, Gang-Qiang Su, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Xiao-Ming Sun, Xiao-Jun Wu, Lan-Ping Guo, Meng Li, Hui Wang, Zhi-Xian Jing
To build a well-off society in an all-round way, eliminate poverty, improve people's livelihood and improve the level of social and economic development in poverty-stricken areas is the frontier issues of the government and science and technology workers at all levels. Chinese herbal medicine is the strategic resource of the people's livelihood, Chinese herbal medicine cultivation is an important part of China's rural poor population income. As most of the production of Chinese herbal medicine by the biological characteristics of their own and the interaction of natural ecological environment factors, showing a strong regional character...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318120/beyond-morality-assessment-of-the-capacity-of-faith-based-organizations-fbos-in-responding-to-the-hiv-aids-challenge-in-southeastern-nigeria
#17
Eze Edlyne Anugwom, Kenechukwu Anugwom
Background: For the world can get rid of the HIV/AIDS pandemic by 2030, there is need for more to be done especially in the case of countries in Africa. In Nigeria, such efforts have included Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) recognized as partners in the National Response Framework. However, the extent to which these FBOs contribute to efforts to control the pandemic will depend on their capacity. Therefore, this study aimed to ascertain the technical and managerial capacity of these FBOs to respond to the pandemic in Nigeria...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317182/a-collective-perspective-shared-attention-and-the-mind
#18
REVIEW
Garriy Shteynberg
I review the recent literature on shared attention, instances in which one's personal perspective is also another's. As described by Shteynberg [6••], shared attention involves the activation of a psychological perspective that is personal and plural and irreducibly collective-a perspective in which the world is experienced from 'our attention'. When shared attention is perceived, information under shared attention receives deeper cognitive processing. By updating mutual knowledge, shared attention facilitates communication and, quite possibly, the creation of shared attitudes and beliefs...
December 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313755/accountability-for-the-quality-of-care-provided-to-people-with-serious-illness
#19
Maureen Henry, Sarah Hudson Scholle, Jessica Briefer French
BACKGROUND: Care for patients with serious illness is an emerging practice area that has gained attention as value-based purchasing has increased. While the number of programs is growing, their impact on care quality and outcomes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: With support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) is assessing the feasibility of creating an accountability program focused on serious illness care. METHODS: This article describes the process of developing an accountability program, findings from our initial work, and our plans to develop measures for a serious illness care accountability program...
March 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309584/staff-experiences-forming-and-sustaining-palliative-care-teams-in-nursing-homes
#20
Sally A Norton, Susan Ladwig, Thomas V Caprio, Timothy E Quill, Helena Temkin-Greener
Background and Objectives: Building palliative care (PC) capacity in nursing homes (NH) is a national priority and essential to providing high quality care for residents with advanced illness. We report on NH staff experiences in developing and sustaining Palliative Care Teams (PCTeams) as part of a randomized clinical trial to "Improve Palliative Care through Teamwork" (IMPACTT). Research Design and Methods: We conducted rapid ethnographic assessments of all NH (N = 14) in the intervention arm...
January 3, 2018: Gerontologist
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