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Injury Prevention OR Preventive Training Program

Megan Kiely Mueller, Stephanie Chubb, Gregory Wolfus, Emily McCobb
The objective of this study was to assess if use of a community based veterinary medical program (the Tufts at Tech Community Veterinary Clinic) was related to indicators of canine health and well-being in a low-income community through the provision of low-cost preventative care. Participants were 177 low-income dog owners; 63 were repeat wellness/preventative care clients of the Tufts at Tech clinic, 46 were new or urgent care clients of the Tufts at Tech clinic, and 68 were a comparison sample of owners who had not used the clinic but did attend an outreach clinic in a community setting...
September 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Patrick Roigk, Gisela Büchele, Karin Kampe, Karin Rupp, Kilian Rapp
BACKGROUND: Specific training reduces the risk of falls and fall-related injuries in older persons. The availability of specific exercise programs in Germany, especially in rural areas is scarce. Therefore, a healthcare fund driven program osteoporotic fracture prevention program in rural areas (OFRA) (German name: "Trittsicher durchs Leben") was implemented in rural areas in 47 counties of 5 federal states. The most important components of the program are the "Trittsicher" mobility course and falls prevention classes organized by members of the German Association of Rural Women and executed by exercise instructors of the German Gymnastics Association or physiotherapists...
August 2, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Amelia J H Arundale, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Angela H Smith, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Background: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Specialized Post-Operative Return to Sports (ACL-SPORTS) randomized control trial (RCT) examined an evidence-based secondary ACL injury prevention training program, involving progressive strengthening, agility training, and plyometrics. The RCT examined the benefit of the training program with and without a neuromuscular training technique called perturbation training. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report the return to sport and second ACL injury incidence outcomes of the men in the ACL-SPORTS trial...
June 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Rui Feng, Mengxin Cai, Xudan Wang, Juanjuan Zhang, Zhenjun Tian
It has been reported that hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) water reduces oxidative stress, and early aerobic exercise (eAE) acts an efficient exercise preconditioning (EP) against cardiac I/R injury. However, whether early aerobic exercise combined with hydrogen-rich saline (eAE-HRS) water can more effectively protect myocardial damage induced by acute myocardial infarction (MI) is still unknown. This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of eAE-HRS in preventing MI-induced myocardial damage and explore the possible underlying mechanisms...
July 23, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Barbara E Lakatos, Monique T Mitchell, Reza Askari, Mary Lou Etheredge, Karen Hopcia, Leslie DeLisle, Christine Smith, Maureen Fagan, Deborah Mulloy, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, Margaret Higgins, Andrea Shellman
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a major public health concern. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, from 2002 to 2013, incidents of serious workplace violence (those requiring days off) were four times more common in health care than in private industry. AIMS: An interprofessional committee developed, implemented, and evaluated a quality improvement project from 2012 to 2016 to reduce workplace violence and prevent staff injury. The initiative termed S...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Daniel P Davis, Steve A Aguilar, Brenna Lawrence, Anushirvan Minokadeh, Rebecca E Sell, Ruchika D Husa
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce preventable deaths in the in-hospital setting should target both cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) prevention and optimal resuscitation. This requires consideration of a broad range of clinical issues and processes. A comprehensive, integrated system of care (SOC) that links data collection with a modular education program to reduce preventable deaths has not been defined. METHODS: This study was conducted in two urban university hospitals from 2005 to 2009...
July 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Jessica Trevino, Hyunglae Lee
Ankle stiffness has been known as one of the most important components contributing to the maintenance of lower body stability during postural balance and locomotion. It has been repeatedly shown that women have lower stability and increased risk of injury when compared to men participating in similar sports activities, yet sex differences in neuromuscular control of the ankle, including the modulation of ankle stiffness, and their contribution to stability remain unknown. To identify sex differences in human ankle stiffness, this study quantified multi-dimensional ankle stiffness in 20 young, healthy men and 20 young, healthy women over a range of ankle muscle contractions, from relaxed to 20% of maximum voluntary co-contraction of ankle muscles...
July 12, 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
Eik Dybboe Bjerre, Mette Leth, Nanna Maria Hammer, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While clinical trials have demonstrated the benefits of structured exercise for prostate cancer survivors, few attempts have been made to investigate and implement sustainable community-based exercise programs supporting adoption of long-term physical activity behavior. Against this background, the aims of this study was to explore the perspectives of experts and stakeholders on the development of a training course and intervention manual used to support the delivery of community-based soccer training in men with prostate cancer (the FC Prostate Community [FCPC] trial)...
July 13, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
Erich J Petushek, Dai Sugimoto, Michael Stoolmiller, Grace Smith, Gregory D Myer
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention neuromuscular training (NMT) programs reduce the risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, variation in program characteristics limits the potential to delineate the most effective practices to optimize injury risk reduction. PURPOSE: To evaluate the common and effective components included in ACL NMT programs and develop an efficient, user-friendly tool to assess the quality of ACL NMT programs. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
July 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Joseph Toninato, Hannah Casey, Mohit Uppal, Tessneem Abdallah, Thomas Bergman, JamesT Eckner, Uzma Samadani
Reporting of sports-related concussions (SRCs) has risen dramatically over the last decade, increasing awareness of the need for treatment and prevention of SRCs. To date most prevention studies have focused on equipment and rule changes to sports in order to reduce the risk of injury. However, increased neck strength has been shown to be a predictor of concussion rate. In the TRAIN study, student-athletes will follow a simple neck strengthening program over the course of three years in order to better understand the relationship between neck strength and SRCs...
September 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Christopher J Hodgetts, Bruce F Walker
Background: Spinal manipulation is the primary therapy utilised by chiropractors in the management of their patients. The skills required may feel foreign to chiropractic students as they need strength and endurance in movement patterns they may not have otherwise been exposed to. This may lead to injury while learning manipulative techniques. It is plausible to suggest that the implementation of a strength and conditioning program early in a practitioner's career could reduce the incidence and progression of injuries...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Emily Kroshus, Vivian Go, Paula Gildner, K Hunter Byrd, Stephen W Marshall
Behavioral interventions to increase disclosure and proper management of concussion in youth sports have unrealized potential when it comes to preventing concussion. Interventions have focused on changing individual athlete behavior and have fallen short of the potential for sustained systemic behavioral change. One potentially critical reason for this shortfall is that other key determinants of risk behaviors at all levels of the socio-ecological model (e.g. interpersonal, community, policy) are not addressed in extant programming...
July 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
Asrat G Amnie
Background: Adults with adverse childhood experiences and exposure to adverse life events experience a diverse array of physical, mental, and social health problems across their lifespan. Adult exposure to emotional trauma, physical injury, or other adverse life events may result in the development of post-traumatic stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. Understanding individuals' response to stress and their coping strategies is as important as the stimulus or the causes of the stress for effective stress management interventions...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Patricia R Melvin, Spenser Souza, R Nelson Mead, Christopher Smith, Mary K Mulcahey
BACKGROUND: Ice hockey is a physically demanding sport where athletes are susceptible to a variety of injuries. Several studies reported the overall injury rates in ice hockey; however, there is a paucity of information on upper extremity (UE) injuries among collegiate ice hockey players. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of UE injuries among collegiate male and female ice hockey players with NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) injury surveillance data from 2004-2005 to 2013-2014...
August 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Hooman Minoonejad, Mohammad Karimizadeh Ardakani, Reza Rajabi, Erik A Wikstrom, Ali Sharifnezhad
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular control deficit has been reported in people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and hopping exercises have been recommended as a functional training tool to prevent lower limb injury, but its effects on lower extremity neuromuscular control in those with CAI are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hop stabilization training on neuromuscular control and self-reported function in collegiate basketball players with CAI. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Scott Bonnette, Christopher A DiCesare, Adam W Kiefer, Michael A Riley, Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Katie Kitchen, Jed A Diekfuss, Gregory D Myer
CONTEXT: Existing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs have failed to reverse the high rate of ACL injuries in adolescent female athletes. OBJECTIVE: This investigation attempts to overcome factors that limit efficacy with existing injury prevention programs through the use of a novel, objective, and real-time interactive visual feedback system designed to reduce the biomechanical risk factors associated with ACL injuries. DESIGN: Crossover study...
June 28, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Alli Gokeler, Romain Seil, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen
Efficacy studies have demonstrated decreased anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates for athletes participating in injury prevention programs. Typically, ACL injury prevention programs entail a combination of plyometrics, strength training, agility and balance exercises. Unfortunately, improvements of movement patterns are not sustained over time. The reason may be related to the type of instructions given during training. Encouraging athletes to consciously control knee movements during exercises may not be optimal for the acquisition of complex motor skills as needed in complex sports environments...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Wade J Chalker, Anthony J Shield, David A Opar, Evelyne N Rathbone, Justin W L Keogh
Background: Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are one of the most prevalent and serious injuries affecting athletes, particularly those in team ball sports or track and field. Recent evidence demonstrates that eccentric knee flexor weakness and between limb asymmetries are possible risk factors for HSIs. While eccentric hamstring resistance training, e.g. the Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) significantly increases eccentric hamstring strength and reduces HSI risk, little research has examined whether between limb asymmetries can be reduced with training...
2018: PeerJ
Tyson Grier, Morgan K Anderson, Patrick Depenbrock, Rob Eiserman, Bradley C Nindl, Bruce H Jones
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the rehabilitation process, training, performance, and injury rates among those participating and not participating in the Tactical Human Optimization, Rapid Rehabilitation, and Reconditioning (THOR3) program and determine injury risk factors. METHODS: A survey inquiring about personal characteristics, injuries, physical performance, and THOR3 participation during the previous 12 months was administered to Army Special Operations Forces (SOF) Soldiers...
2018: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
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