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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30308329/exploring-patterns-of-child-pedestrian-behaviors-at-urban-intersections
#1
Victoria Gitelman, Sharon Levi, Roby Carmel, Anna Korchatov, Shalom Hakkert
Children are more vulnerable as pedestrians due to their cognitive, physical and behavioral traits. However, walking is one of the main forms of travel for children, particularly during leisure hours. Child pedestrian injury primarily occurs in urban areas, with a significant share at crosswalks. This study observed child pedestrian behaviors at crosswalks of urban intersections aiming to characterize their behavior patterns and identify risk factors that may lead to injury. Crossing behaviors of children and adolescents up to age 18, during leisure hours, were video-recorded at 29 crosswalks, on signalized and un-signalized intersections situated on collector roads...
October 8, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306281/lower-limb-injury-prevention-programs-in-youth-soccer-a-survey-of-coach-knowledge-usage-and-barriers
#2
Robin Mawson, Michael J Creech, Devin C Peterson, Forough Farrokhyar, Olufemi R Ayeni
BACKGROUND: Participation in youth soccer carries a significant risk of injury, most commonly non-contact injuries of the lower extremity. A growing body of research supports the use of neuromuscular interventions by teams to prevent such injuries, yet the uptake of these recommendations by soccer teams remains largely unexplored. The purposes of the study were to determine (1) the level of awareness by youth coaches of injury prevention programs and their efficacy; (2) the number of youth coaches that use these interventions; and (3) barriers and potential facilitators to implementing a sustainable injury prevention program...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305257/collecting-health-and-exposure-data-in-australian-olympic-combat-sports-feasibility-study-utilizing-an-electronic-system
#3
Sally Bromley, Michael Drew, Scott Talpey, Andrew McIntosh, Caroline Finch
BACKGROUND: Electronic methods are increasingly being used to manage health-related data among sporting populations. Collection of such data permits the analysis of injury and illness trends, improves early detection of injuries and illnesses, collectively referred to as health problems, and provides evidence to inform prevention strategies. The Athlete Management System (AMS) has been employed across a range of sports to monitor health. Australian combat athletes train across the country without dedicated national medical or sports science teams to monitor and advocate for their health...
October 9, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293403/changes-in-rectus-femoris-architecture-induced-by-the-reverse-nordic-hamstring-exercises
#4
Diego Alonso-Fernandez, Rosana Fernandez-Rodriguez, Rocío Abalo-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Injuries and mechanical stimuli alter the muscle architecture and, therefore, its function. The changes in the architecture of the Rectus Femoris (RF) induced by an eccentric training protocol with Reverse Nordic Hamstring exercises (RNHE) have never been studied. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the architectural adaptations of the Rectus Femoris (RF) after an eccentric training with Reverse Nordic Hamstring exercises (RNHE), followed by a subsequent detraining period...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285985/challenges-of-medical-care-delivery-in-professional-sports-lessons-from-professional-baseball
#5
Xavier Duralde, Troy Jones, Timothy Griffith
Team medical management for professional sports teams is a demanding and high-risk activity. Every different sport has unique features and the stresses athletes place on themselves, be it from collisions or repetitive stress, result in specific challenges for the medical team and team organization in general. Injuries in professional sports are costly both to the player and organization. The challenges of managing a professional baseball team exemplify these concerns and correlate well with other professional sports...
October 2, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273287/injury-prevention-programs-based-on-flywheel-vs-body-weight-resistance-in-recreational-athletes
#6
Alireza Monajati, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mark Goss-Sampson, Fernando Naclerio
Monajati, A, Larumbe-Zabala, E, Sampson, MG, and Naclerio, F. Injury prevention programs based on flywheel vs. body weight resistance in recreational athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-This study compares the effect of an isoinertial flywheel technology vs. a traditional gravity-dependent exercise protocol on modifiable factors associated with the incidence of hamstring strain (HAM) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Furthermore, the effect on repeated sprint ability was also considered...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269588/the-shifting-burden-of-neurosurgical-disease-vietnam-and-the-middle-income-nations
#7
Christopher Carr, Lora Kahn, Mansour Mathkour, Erin Biro, Cuong J Bui, Aaron S Dumont
OBJECTIVE: The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is an international collaboration and the largest comprehensive investigation of global health disease burden ever conducted. It has been particularly insightful for understanding disease demographics in middle-income nations undergoing rapid development, such as Vietnam, where 6 of the top 10 causes of death are relevant to the neurosurgeon. The burden of stroke-the number one cause of death in Vietnam-is particularly impressive. Likewise, road injuries, with a disproportionate rate of traumatic brain injury, continue to increase in Vietnam following economic development...
October 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264972/the-fifa-11-does-not-alter-physical-performance-of-amateur-futsal-players
#8
Mário Lopes, Daniela Simões, João M Rodrigues, Rui Costa, José Oliveira, Fernando Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The ability of the FIFA 11+ to enhance performance has demonstrated controversial results. Hence, we examined the short and long-term effects of the FIFA 11+ on performance in male amateur futsal players. METHODS: Seventy-one male futsal players from six amateur clubs were recruited and randomized to an intervention (n=37, age: 27.0±5.1 years) or a control group (n=34, age: 26.0±5.1 years). The intervention group was submitted to 10-weeks of FIFA 11+ injury prevention program, 2 sessions/week, followed by a 10-week follow-up period, while the control group performed regular futsal warm-ups during the training sessions...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259145/hip-biomechanics-differ-in-responders-and-non-responders-to-an-acl-injury-prevention-program
#9
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Sandra J Shultz, Kevin R Ford
PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in demographic, anthropometric, biomechanical, and/or performance variables between those that do (responders) and do not (non-responders) exhibit reductions in knee abduction moments after an anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention program (ACL-IPP). METHODS: Forty-three adolescent female athletes completed biomechanical (3D motion analysis of a drop vertical jump) and performance testing before and after randomization into a 6-week ACL-IPP...
September 27, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227000/efficacy-of-injury-prevention-training-is-greater-for-high-risk-vs-low-risk-elite-female-youth-soccer-players
#10
Mark De Ste Croix, Jonathan Hughes, Francisco Ayala, Luke Taylor, Naomi Datson
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of robustness training for high- versus low-risk individuals within high-risk groups is currently unknown. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of robustness training on injury risk factors among female youth soccer players and to examine if high-risk athletes are greater responders to such training. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A total of 125 elite youth female soccer players on the English FA talent pathway were randomly selected into a training group (n = 71) or a control group (n = 54)...
September 18, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216265/effects-of-a-safety-awareness-promoting-program-targeting-mothers-of-children-aged-0-6-years-to-prevent-pediatric-injuries-in-the-home-environment-implications-for-nurses
#11
I Lknur Kahriman, Havva Karadeniz
Pediatric injuries pose a significant problem, both in Turkey and worldwide, because they lead to death or disability in a number of children each year. This quasi-experimental study aimed to identify the effects of the training provided to mothers with children aged 0-6 years about the hazards that lead to pediatric injuries. The population of the research comprised mothers with children aged 0-6 years, living in the city center. Considering the educational and socioeconomic levels of the individuals registered in the family health centers (FHC), the FHCs were divided into 3 groups of high, moderate, and low socioeconomic level...
September 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195706/a-descriptive-study-of-self-reported-injury-in-non-elite-adaptive-athletes
#12
Jennifer A Soo Hoo, Erek Latzka, Mark A Harrast
BACKGROUND: Adaptive sports programs are increasing across the country and there is a paucity of research investigating the epidemiology and sports injury risk factors in non-elite athletes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the demographics, training regime, and injuries incurred by adaptive athletes participating in local adaptive sports clubs and to assess the athletes' type of medical care and prevalence of those with spasticity. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study...
September 7, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188391/pressure-injury-education-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-results-of-a-national-wound-provider-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Linda Cowan, Cynthia Garvan, Deborah Rugs, Lelia Barks, Margeaux Chavez, Tatiana Orozco
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe experience, training, educational needs and preferences, and perceptions of pressure injury (PI) prevention education of wound care providers in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as an indicator of effectiveness of the mandated VHA PI Prevention Program. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: A convenience sample of national VHA wound care providers practicing in VHA facilities was compiled from members of special interest groups and committees and by referrals from known wound care specialists and clinicians (N = 1726)...
September 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169848/sustainable-medical-preparedness-and-response-system-for-radiation-emergencies-in-republic-of-korea
#14
Minsu Cho, Ki Moon Seong, Chang Youn Park, Geun Ryang Bae, Sohyeon Kim, Young Woo Jin
This paper provides information about the medical preparedness and response system for radiation emergencies in Republic of Korea. The National Radiation Emergency Medical Center (NREMC) oversees medical affairs in the Korean radiological disaster prevention system since its establishment in 2002. It has dedicated itself to set up a nationwide radiation emergency medicine network with 24 designated radiation emergency hospitals. NREMC, as one division under the Korea Institute of Radiological And Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), provides efficient medical care to patients suspected with radiation exposure by collaborating with professional medical staffs in Korea Cancer Center Hospital (KCCH)...
August 31, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165209/barrow-innovation-center-case-series-early-clinical-experience-with-novel-surgical-instrument-used-to-prevent-intraoperative-spinal-cord-injuries
#15
Michael A Bohl, Jacob F Baranoski, Daniel Sexton, Peter Nakaji, Laura A Snyder, U Kumar Kakarla, Randall W Porter
OBJECTIVE: The Barrow Innovation Center comprises an educational program in medical innovation that enables residents to identify problems in patient care and rapidly develop and implement solutions to these problems. Residents involved in this program noted an elevated risk of iatrogenic spinal cord injury during posterior cervical and thoracic procedures. The objective of this study was to describe this complication, and a novel solution was developed through a new innovation training program...
August 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165053/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-randomized-control-trial-of-a-tailored-multifactorial-program-to-prevent-falls-among-the-community-dwelling-elderly
#16
David B Matchar, Kirsten Eom, Pamela W Duncan, Mina Lee, Rita Sim, Nirmali R Sivapragasam, Christopher T Lien, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
OBJECTIVE: To perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of a multifactorial, tailored intervention to reduce falls among a heterogeneous group of high-risk elderly. DESIGN: Randomized control trial SETTINGS: Communities PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged at least 65 years (N=354) seen at the ED for a fall or fall-related injury and discharged home. INTERVENTIONS: The intervention group received a tailored program of physical therapy focused on progressive training in strength, balance, and gait for a period of 3 months...
August 27, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148646/effects-of-an-intervention-program-on-lower-extremity-biomechanics-in-stop-jump-and-side-cutting-tasks
#17
Chen Yang, Wanxiang Yao, William E Garrett, Deborah L Givens, Jonathon Hacke, Hui Liu, Bing Yu
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common injuries in sport. To reduce the risk of noncontact ACL injury, it is critical to understand the effects of an intervention program on neuromuscular control-related biomechanical risk factors. HYPOTHESIS: A newly developed 4-week intervention program would significantly increase the knee flexion angle at peak impact posterior ground-reaction force and would significantly decrease the peak impact posterior and vertical ground-reaction forces in the stop-jump and side-cutting tasks, while the intervention effects would be retained after the training was completed...
October 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30148180/epidemiological-findings-of-soccer-injuries-during-the-2017-gold-cup
#18
Jorge Chahla, Benjamin Sherman, Mark Cinque, Alejandro Miranda, William E Garrett, George Chiampas, Hughie O'Malley, Michael B Gerhardt, Bert R Mandelbaum
Background: Surveillance programs are vital to analyze the cause and nature of lesions and ultimately establish protocols of action to lower injury rates. Purpose: To evaluate the adherence of team doctors to an electronic surveillance system and determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries among soccer players participating in the 2017 Gold Cup. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiological study. Methods: All data were collected from the electronic medical reports submitted during each match of the 2017 Gold Cup...
August 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142334/improvement-of-dystrophic-muscle-fragility-by-short-term-voluntary-exercise-through-activation-of-calcineurin-pathway-in-mdx-mice
#19
Clement Delacroix, Janek Hyzewicz, Megane Lemaitre, Bertrand Friguet, Zhenlin Li, Arnaud Klein, Denis Furling, Onnik Agbulut, Arnaud Ferry
Dystrophin deficiency in mdx mice, a model for Duchenne muscular dystrophy, leads to muscle weakness revealed by a reduced specific maximal force as well as fragility (ie, higher susceptibility to contraction-induced injury, as shown by a greater force decrease after lengthening contractions). Both symptoms could be improved with dystrophin restoration-based therapies and long-term (months) voluntary exercise. Herein, we evaluated the effect of short-term (1-week) voluntary wheel running. We found that running improved fragility of tibialis anterior muscle (TA), but not plantaris muscle, independently of utrophin up-regulation, without affecting weakness...
August 22, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140551/risk-factors-associated-with-non-contact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
Craig E Pfeifer, Paul F Beattie, Ryan S Sacko, Amy Hand
Background: With the increasing number of individuals participating in sports every year, injury - specifically anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury - remains an inherent risk factor for participants. The majority of ACL injuries occur from a non-contact mechanism, and there is a high physical and financial burden associated with injury. Understanding the risk factors for ACL injury may aid in the development of prevention efforts. Purpose: The purpose of this review was to synthesize and appraise existing literature for risk factors associated with non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in both sexes...
August 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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