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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529301/the-establishment-of-wonsan-laborers-hospital-during-the-japanese-occupation-and-its-significance
#1
Il Yeong Jeong, Young-Jeon Shin
On July 3, 1928, the Wonsan Labor Union established the Wonsan Laborers' Hospital in Seoku-dong, Wonsan for the purpose of reducing medical consultation fees for its members. The union's efforts to improve the welfare of its members include the establishment of an educational institute, a consumers union, a barbershop, and a relief department. The Laborers' Hospital, which began with ten wards, was led by a team of two doctors, one midwife, two pharmacists, and four nurses. The two doctors were Cheol-sun Cha and Jeong-kwon Lee, and the midwife/nurse was Sun-jeong Kim...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529213/effective-strategies-for-affordable-care-act-enrollment-in-immigrant-serving-safety-net-clinics-in-new-mexico
#2
Christina M Getrich, Jacqueline M García, Angélica Solares, Miria Kano
In the new Affordable Care Act (ACA) health care environment, safety-net institutions continue to serve as important sources of culturally appropriate care for different groups of immigrant patients. This article reports on a qualitative study examining the early ACA enrollment experiences of a range of health care providers (n = 29) in six immigrant-serving safety-net clinics in New Mexico. The six clinics configured their ACA enrollment strategies differently with regard to operations, staffing, and outreach...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528560/design-and-implementation-of-a-community-health-worker-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-intervention-in-an-hiv-hot-spot-fishing-community-in-rakai-uganda
#3
Amanda Long, Ismail Mbabali, Heidi E Hutton, Alvin G Thomas, Eva Bugos, Jeremiah Mulamba, Kathy Rivet Amico, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Gertrude Nakigozi, Larry W Chang
Innovative approaches are needed to increase engagement in HIV treatment and prevention services, particularly in HIV hot spots. Here, we detail our design, training approach, and early implementation experiences of a community-based HIV intervention called "health scouts." The intervention, utilizing a novel, theory-based approach, trained 10 community residents in an HIV hot spot fishing community to use motivational interviewing strategies and a mobile phone-based counseling application. During the first 3 months, 771 residents (median 82/health scout, range 27-160) were counseled...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526480/human-seasonal-and-circadian-studies-in-antarctica-halley-75-0-s
#4
Josephine Arendt, Benita Middleton
Living for extended periods in Antarctica exposes base personnel to extremes of daylength (photoperiod) and temperature. At the British Antarctic Survey base of Halley, 75(0)S, the sun does not rise for 110 d in the winter and does not set for 100 d in summer. Photoperiod is the major time cue governing the timing of seasonal events such as reproduction in many species. The neuroendocrine signal providing photoperiodic information to body physiology is the duration of melatonin secretion which reflects the length of the night: longer in the short days of winter and shorter in summer...
May 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526058/meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-feeding-practices-among-children-6-23%C3%A2-months-of-age-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia
#5
Tefera Chane Mekonnen, Shimelash Bitew Workie, Tesfa Mekonen Yimer, Wubalem Fekadu Mersha
BACKGROUND: Child feeding practices are multidimensional, and they change rapidly within short age intervals. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices contribute to a rapid increase in the prevalence of undernutrition in children in the age of 6-23 months. Information on child feeding practices among urban resident is limited in Ethiopia. The aim was to measure minimum meal frequency and dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6-23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522894/interventional-audiology-to-address-hearing-health-care-disparities-oyendo-bien-pilot-study
#6
REVIEW
Nicole Marrone, Maia Ingram, Maria Somoza, Daisey Sánchez Jacob, Adriana Sanchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Frances P Harris
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#7
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521837/prevalence-and-predictors-of-implanon-utilization-among-women-of-reproductive-age-group-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia
#8
Desta Gebre-Egziabher, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Mussie Alemayehu, Fisaha Haile Tesfay
BACKGROUND: The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health introduced provision of the contraceptive Implanon at community level by trained health extension workers in 2009. However, little is known regarding the utilization and factors associated with Implanon use among rural women since the introduction of the community based intervention. Thus, this study assessed the utilization of Implanon and associated factors among reproductive aged women in rural areas of Saesie-Tsaeda Emba and Ofla districts in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521798/use-of-malaria-rdts-in-various-health-contexts-across-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#9
Matthew R Boyce, Wendy P O'Meara
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends parasitological confirmation of malaria prior to treatment. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) represent one diagnostic method that is used in a variety of contexts to overcome limitations of other diagnostic techniques. Malaria RDTs increase the availability and feasibility of accurate diagnosis and may result in improved quality of care. Though RDTs are used in a variety of contexts, no studies have compared how well or effectively RDTs are used across these contexts...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#10
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#11
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511688/predictors-of-adherence-to-micronutrient-supplementation-before-and-during-pregnancy-in-vietnam
#12
Ines Gonzalez-Casanova, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Melissa Fox Young, Kimberly B Harding, Greg Reinhart, Hieu Nguyen, Meredith Nechitillo, Truong V Truong, Hoa Pham, Son Nguyen, Lynnette M Neufeld, Reynaldo Martorell, Usha Ramakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to micronutrient supplementation often limits the effectiveness of public health programs. While predictors of adherence to micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy are well documented, information on adherence to preconception supplements is scarce. The objective of this study was to describe the predictors of adherence to preconception and prenatal micronutrient supplementation among women participating in a randomized control trial in Vietnam. METHODS: Adherence data were collected prospectively from a double blind randomized controlled trial in rural Vietnam...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506258/health-care-waste-management-in-community-based-care-experiences-of-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-communities-in-south-africa
#13
Lydia Hangulu, Olagoke Akintola
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, community health workers (CHWs) working in community-based care (CBC) programmes provide care to patients most of whom are living with HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB). Although studies have shown that the caregiving activities provided by the CHWs generate health care waste (HCW), there is limited information about the experiences of CHWs on health care waste management (HCWM) in CBC. This study explored HCWM in CBC in Durban, South Africa from the perspectives CHWs...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503359/maintaining-maternal-and-child-health-services-during-the-ebola-outbreak-experience-from-pujehun-sierra-leone
#14
GianLuca Quaglio, Damiano Pizzol, David Bome, Atiba Kebbie, Zainab Bangura, Vandi Massaquoi, Clara Frasson, Donata Dalla Riva, Giovanni Putoto
BACKGROUND: During the Ebola outbreak the overall confidence of the population in the national health system declined in Sierra Leone, with a reduction in the use of health services. The objective of this study is to provide information on understanding of how Ebola impacted maternal and child health services in Sierra Leone. Data come from an operational setting which is representative of the communities affected by the outbreak. METHODS: By integrating hospital registers and contact tracing form data with healthcare workers and local population interviews, the transmission chain was reconstructed...
June 2, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503216/public-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-antibiotic-use-in-kosovo
#15
Drita Zajmi, Merita Berisha, Ilir Begolli, Rina Hoxha, Rukije Mehmeti, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani, Arsim Kurti, Afrim Loku, Lul Raka
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501359/the-ebola-epidemic-in-liberia-and-managing-the-dead-a-future-role-for-humanitarian-forensic-action
#16
Stephen Cordner, Heinrich Bouwer, Morris Tidball-Binz
With some of their economies, communities and health systems weakened by decades of war and poor governance, it was no accident that an epidemic of Ebola virus disease broke out in west Africa. Being spread in part by contact with body fluids of those who had died from the disease, funerary rites and the way dead bodies were managed were important modes of transmission. The Liberian Red Cross, supported by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the International Committee of the Red Cross, undertook the challenging task of managing the dead bodies in Monrovia during the epidemic...
April 25, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498195/building-health-system-capacity-through-implementation-research-experience-of-inspire-a-multi-country-pmtct-implementation-research-project
#17
Morkor Newman Owiredu, Nita B Bellare, Christine C Chakanyuka Musanhu, Taiwo A Oyelade, Ellen M Thom, Francoise Bigirimana, Chukwuma Anyaike, Michael T Eliya, Angela Mushavi, Eugene A Nyarko, David O Okello, Felicitas R Zawaira
BACKGROUND: The INSPIRE-Integrating and Scaling Up PMTCT through Implementation REsearch-initiative was established as a model partnership of national prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) implementation research in 3 high HIV burden countries-Malawi, Nigeria, and Zimbabwe. INSPIRE aimed to link local research groups with Ministries of Health (MOH), build local research capacity, and demonstrate that implementation research may contribute to improving health care delivery and respond to program challenges...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498193/the-roles-of-expert-mothers-engaged-in-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-programs-a-commentary-on-the-inspire-studies-in-malawi-nigeria-and-zimbabwe
#18
Fabian Cataldo, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Sam Phiri, Bridget Shumba, Llewellyn J Cornelius, Geoff Foster
INTRODUCTION: Several initiatives aiming to improve retention and adherence in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs include "expert mothers" (EMs) as a central tenet of their interventions. This article compares the role of EMs in 3 implementation research studies examining approaches for improving retention in care among mothers living with HIV. METHODS: We compared and synthesized qualitative data and lessons learned from 3 studies (MoMent in Nigeria, PURE in Malawi, and EPAZ in Zimbabwe) with respect to the involvement of EMs in supporting PMTCT clients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493966/improving-drug-delivery-strategies-for-lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-in-urban-areas-in-ghana
#19
Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Bertha Garshong, Bright Alomatu, Dziedzom K de Souza, Margaret Gyapong, Dominique Kyelem
The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) advocates for the treatment of entire endemic communities, in order to achieve its elimination targets. LF is predominantly a rural disease, and achieving the required treatment coverage in these areas is much easier compared to urban areas that are more complex. In Ghana, parts of the Greater Accra Region with Accra as the capital city are also endemic for LF. Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in Accra started in 2006. However, after four years of treatment, the coverage has always been far below the 65% epidemiologic coverage for interrupting transmission...
May 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490345/post-2015-why-delay-to-seek-healthcare-perceptions-and-field-experiences-from-tb-healthcare-providers-in-northern-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#20
Nathan B W Chimbatata, Chang-Ming Zhou, Chikondi M Chimbatata, Biao Xu
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with high Tuberculosis (TB) burden. TB diagnosis delay and untimely initiation of treatment is still a major problem in Malawi which could increase the risk of tuberculosis transmission in the communities. This study investigated factors related to the diagnostic delay of tuberculosis from TB healthcare providers in the northern region of Malawi. METHODS: Nine focus group discussions were conducted with 57 participants in total...
May 11, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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