keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Community health workers

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#1
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
December 1, 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924513/reproductive-health-service-utilization-and-social-determinants-among-married-female-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-two-metropolises-china
#2
Zhi-Yong Liu, Jiang Li, Yang Hong, Lan Yao
Reproductive health (RH) education and services of female migrants in China have become an important health issue. This research aimed to investigate the RH knowledge and utilization among married female migrants, and to explore the influencing factors from the perspectives of population and sociology. We conducted a cross-section survey in Shenzhen and Wuhan, China, using the purposive sampling method. A total of 1021 rural-to-urban married migrants were recruited, with 997 valid survey results obtained. A face-to-face structured questionnaire survey was used, with primary focus on knowledge of fertility, contraception, family planning policy and sexual transmitted diseases/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDs), and RH service utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#3
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923394/an-economic-research-based-approach-to-calculate-community-health-staffing-requirements-in-xicheng-district-beijing
#4
Delu Yin, Tao Yin, Huiming Yang, Qianqian Xin, Lihong Wang, Ninyan Li, Xiaoyan Ding, Bowen Chen
BACKGROUND: A shortage of community health professionals has been a crucial issue hindering the development of CHS. Various methods have been established to calculate health workforce requirements. This study aimed to use an economic-research-based approach to calculate the number of community health professionals required to provide community health services in the Xicheng District of Beijing and then assess current staffing levels against this ideal. METHODS: Using questionnaires, we collected relevant data from 14 community health centers in the Xicheng District, including resident population, number of different health services provided, and service volumes...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923012/using-mhealth-for-hiv-tb-treatment-support-in-lesotho-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-in-the-start-study
#5
Yael Hirsch-Moverman, Amrita Daftary, Katharine A Yuengling, Suzue Saito, Moeketsi Ntoane, Koen Frederix, Llang B Maama, Andrea A Howard
BACKGROUND: mHealth is a promising means of supporting adherence to treatment. The Start TB patients on ART and Retain on Treatment (START) study included real-time adherence support using short-text messaging service (SMS) text messaging and trained village health workers (VHWs). We describe the use and acceptability of mHealth by patients with HIV/tuberculosis and health care providers. METHODS: Patients and treatment supporters received automated, coded medication and appointment reminders at their preferred time and frequency, using their own phones, and $3...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921331/living-in-limbo-latinas-assessment-of-lower-rio-grande-valley-colonias-communities
#6
DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Patricia A Sharpe, Lourdes Del Castillo-González, Laura Treviño, Deborah Parra-Medina
Community asset mapping (CAM) is the collective process of identifying local assets and strategizing processes to address public health issues and concerns and improve quality of life. Prior to implementing a community-based physical activity intervention with Latinas in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley, promotoras [community health workers] conducted 16 interactive sessions in 8 colonias. The analysis of the transcribed CAM recordings and on-site observational data resulted in the construction of Living in Limbo as the thematic representation of these Latinas' social isolation and marginalization associated with pervasive poverty, undocumented immigration status or lack of citizenship, their fears emanating from threats to physical and emotional safety, and the barriers created by lack of availability and access to resources...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921257/impact-of-community-health-workers-on-use-of-healthcare-services-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#7
Helen E Jack, Sophia D Arabadjis, Lucy Sun, Erin E Sullivan, Russell S Phillips
BACKGROUND: As the US transitions to value-based healthcare, physicians and payers are incentivized to change healthcare delivery to improve quality of care while controlling costs. By assisting with the management of common chronic conditions, community health workers (CHWs) may improve healthcare quality, but physicians and payers who are making choices about care delivery also need to understand their effects on healthcare spending. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science from the inception of each database to 22 June 2015...
December 5, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#8
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918855/best-practice-for-community-based-management-of-postnatal-depression-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Sara Dixon, Jaya A R Dantas
Postnatal depression (PND) is a common disorder that can be profoundly disabling for affected mothers and their infants. We reviewed published articles on the community-based management of postnatal depression (PND) in developing countries. Our aim was to propose recommendations to help women with PND. Various databases were searched for English articles from 2000 - 2014. Twelve articles met the selection criteria. We found that interventions involving cognitive behavioural therapy, infant stimulation, and problem solving can improve outcomes for PND...
December 5, 2016: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917376/evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-essential-obstetric-and-newborn-care-access-and-quality-in-cotopaxi-ecuador
#10
Edward Broughton, Jorge Hermida, Kathleen Hill, Nancy Sloan, Mario Chavez, Daniel Gonzalez, Juana Maria Freire, Ximena Gudino
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in health-care utilization, disadvantages persist among rural, less educated, and indigenous populations in Ecuador. The United States Agency for International Development-funded Cotopaxi Project created a provincial-level network of health services, including community agents to improve access, quality, and coordination of essential obstetric and newborn care. We evaluated changes in participating facilities compared to non-participating controls. METHODS: The 21 poorest parishes (third-level administrative unit) in Cotopaxi were targeted from 2010 to 2013 for a collaborative health system performance improvement...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914487/factors-affecting-job-satisfaction-of-aboriginal-mental-health-workers-working-in-community-mental-health-in-rural-and-remote-new-south-wales
#11
Catherine Cosgrave, Myfanwy Maple, Rafat Hussain
Objective The aim of the present study was to identify factors affecting the job satisfaction and subsequent retention of Aboriginal mental health workers (AMHWs).Methods Five AMHWs working in New South Wales (NSW) for NSW Health in rural and remote community mental health (CMH) services participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews to understand how employment and rural living factors affected workers' decisions to stay or leave their CMH positions.Results Using a constructivist grounded theory analysis, three aspects negatively impacting the job satisfaction of AMHWs were identified: (1) difficulties being accepted into the team and organisation; (2) culturally specific work challenges; and (3) professional differences and inequality...
December 5, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914189/analysis-of-experiences-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-positive-mothers-in-lusaka-zambia
#12
Alice Ngoma-Hazemba, Busisiwe Purity Ncama
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months offers protection from postnatal HIV infection but remains low in resource-poor settings. Documentation of experiences with exclusive breastfeeding is needed to strengthen infant feeding counselling by health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore HIV-positive mothers' experiences with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of the infant's life. DESIGN: A health facility- and community-based exploratory qualitative study was conducted among 30 HIV-positive mothers practising exclusive breastfeeding and meeting the selection criteria...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#13
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#14
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904424/prevalence-and-predictors-of-unmet-needs-among-the-elderly-residents-of-the-rural-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#15
Abhishek Singh, Mohan Bairwa, Shewtank Goel, Ravi Bypareddy, Prassana Mithra
BACKGROUND: Surrogate markers simple enough to be used by primary care workers have not been closely investigated by the community experts in rural Uttar Pradesh. We assessed the physical disabilities in activities of daily living (ADL) and unmet need in physical disabilities among rural elderly. Predictors of unmet needs in physical disabilities among the elderly were also identified. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among elderly residents of the rural field practice area of a tertiary care centre in rural Uttar Pradesh...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900650/smoking-cessation-and-electronic-cigarettes-in-community-mental-health-centers-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#16
Li-Shiun Chen, Timothy Baker, Ross C Brownson, Robert M Carney, Douglas Jorenby, Sarah Hartz, Nina Smock, Mark Johnson, Douglas Ziedonis, Laura J Bierut
Little is known about patients' electronic cigarette use, interest in and use of smoking cessation treatments, and providers' attitude towards such treatment. We assessed patients (N = 231) and providers (45 psychiatrists, 97 case workers) in four Community Mental Health Centers. Interestingly, 50% of smokers reported interest in using electronic cigarettes to quit smoking, and 22% reported current use. While 82% of smokers reported wanting to quit or reduce smoking, 91% of psychiatrists and 84% of case workers reported that patients were not interested in quitting as the lead barrier, limiting the provision of cessation interventions...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#17
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898699/facilitators-and-barriers-to-uptake-of-an-extended-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-programme-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study-of-caregivers-and-community-health-workers
#18
Gifty D Antwi, Laura A Bates, Rebecca King, Princess R Mahama, Harry Tagbor, Matt Cairns, James N Newell
BACKGROUND: Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) is currently recommended for children under five in areas where malaria transmission is highly seasonal. We explored children's caregivers' and community health workers' (CHWs) responses to an extended 5-month SMC programme. METHODS: Thirteen in-depth interviews and eight focus group discussions explored optimal and suboptimal 'uptake' of SMC to examine facilitators and barriers to caregivers' uptake. RESULTS: There did not appear to be major differences between caregivers of children with optimal and sub-optimal SMC uptake in terms of their knowledge of malaria, their perceptions of the effect of SMC on a child's health, nor their understanding of chemoprevention...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895826/motivation-of-health-surveillance-assistants-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#19
Kingsley R Chikaphupha, Maryse C Kok, Lot Nyirenda, Ireen Namakhoma, Sally Theobald
BACKGROUND: Motivation of health workers is a critical component of performance and is shaped by multiple factors. This study explored factors that influence motivation of health surveillance assistants (HSAs) in Malawi, with the aim of identifying interventions that can be applied to enhance motivation and performance of HSAs. METHODS: A qualitative study capturing the perspectives of purposively selected participants was conducted in two districts: Salima and Mchinji...
June 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895363/a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-literature-on-the-eye-health-of-marginalized-fishing-populations
#20
Khabir Ahmad, Anthony B Zwi, Daniel J M Tarantola, Bal Chand
A systematic review was conducted in December 2013 to examine the extent to which health research has been focused on the eye health issues of fishing communities. We searched multiple databases to identify relevant citations, using a combination of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and text words representing eye health, fishing populations and measures of disease frequency. The search yielded only 4 studies, described in 5 articles. Three studies (one each in Turkey, Egypt and Spain) provided data on self-reported eye problems in fishermen or fishery workers, with prevalence ranging from 38% to 81%...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
keyword
keyword
16786
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"