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Salivary gland neoplasm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672325/primary-mammary-analog-secretory-carcinoma-masc-of-the-vulva-with-etv6-ntrk3-fusion-a-case-report
#1
Jane K Nguyen, Julia A Bridge, Chandrika Joshi, Jesse K McKenney
Mammary analog secretory carcinoma is a primary salivary gland neoplasm with histologic, immunophenotypic, and molecular features identical to those of secretory carcinoma of the breast. Similar neoplasms have now been reported to occur in various nonmammary sites including the parotid gland, submandibular gland, sinuses, lip, skin, thyroid gland, and lung. We report, to our knowledge, the first example of a primary vulvar neoplasm with pathologic features identical to secretory carcinoma of the breast and an ETV6-NTRK3 fusion...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669190/analysis-of-histologic-follow-up-and-risk-of-malignancy-for-salivary-gland-neoplasm-of-uncertain-malignant-potential-proposed-by-the-milan-system-for-reporting-salivary-gland-cytopathology
#2
Haiyan Liu, Clarissa Ljungren, Fan Lin, Matthew A Zarka, Longwen Chen
BACKGROUND: The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology is a tiered classification scheme that includes 6 diagnostic categories. Neoplasm, which is 1 of the 6 proposed categories, consists of benign neoplasm and neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (NUMP). NUMP is reserved for a salivary gland neoplasm without clear distinction between benign and malignant. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of malignancy (ROM) of NUMP. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 656 salivary gland fine-needle aspiration specimens from 2010 to 2016...
April 18, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649019/nut-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-analysis-of-3-cases-and-a-survey-of-nut-expression-in-salivary-gland-carcinomas
#3
Abbas Agaimy, Isabel Fonseca, Carmo Martins, Khin Thway, Ryan Barrette, Kevin J Harrington, Arndt Hartmann, Christopher A French, Cyril Fisher
NUT carcinoma (NC) represents a rare subset of highly aggressive poorly differentiated carcinomas characterized by rearrangement of the NUT (aka NUTM1, nuclear protein in testis) gene, most commonly fused to BRD4. Originally described as a mediastinal/thymic malignancy, NC has been reported at a variety of anatomic regions including the upper and lower aerodigestive tract. To date, only 7 NC cases of probable salivary gland origin have been reported. We herein describe 3 new cases (all affecting the parotid gland) in 2 women (39- and 55-y old) and 1 man (35-y old)...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622119/routine-and-advanced-ultrasound-of-major-salivary-glands
#4
REVIEW
Kunwar Suryaveer Singh Bhatia, Yuk-Ling Dai
Ultrasound is the preferred initial imaging modality in Europe and Asia for assessing the major salivary glands. In experienced hands, it is sensitive for a range of salivary pathologies, often diagnostic, and also a safe, cost-effective gatekeeper for further investigations as well as image-guided diagnostic biopsies and aspirations. This article reviews the scanning technique and normal sonographic anatomy of major salivary glands and overviews typical sonographic appearances of salivary pathologies, including infective and inflammatory conditions, sialolithiasis, and neoplasms...
May 2018: Neuroimaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615296/reexamining-post-transplant-lymphoproliferative-disorders-newly-recognized-and-enigmatic-types
#5
REVIEW
Nadine Aguilera, Alejandro A Gru
Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are a known risk for both solid organ transplant and stem cell transplant recipients. Overall transplant recipients have a six fold increase in risk for developing any kind of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and PTLDs occur in up to 10% of SOT recipients. Several new entities have been accepted or renamed in the 2018 update of the WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms, including florid follicular hyperplasia and extranodal marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-lymphoma) (excluding common locations such as stomach and salivary gland)...
March 3, 2018: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594833/palatal-polymorphous-adenocarcinoma-with-high-grade-transformation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Kentaro Kikuchi, Toshitaka Nagao, Fumio Ide, Shota Takizawa, Hideaki Sakashita, Ichiro Tsujino, Tie-Jun Li, Kaoru Kusama
Polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) is the second most common intraoral malignant neoplasm of the minor salivary glands. However, it is very rare for PAC to show high-grade transformation (HGT) and to our knowledge, the English literature only seven reported cases. HGT tends to be observed when PAC recurs, and it is extremely rare to be seen at initial presentation. Here we report a 43-year-old Japanese male patient with PAC of the right palate showing HGT at initial presentation. Histopathologically, the tumor was characterized by a prominent solid and papillary-cystic growth pattern, with nuclear atypia and necrosis in area of HGT...
March 29, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579353/northern-italy-in-the-american-south-assessing-interobserver-reliability-within-the-milan-system-for-reporting-salivary-gland-cytopathology
#7
Johnathan M Hollyfield, Siobhan M O'Connor, Susan J Maygarden, Kevin G Greene, Lori R Scanga, Sherry Tang, Leslie G Dodd, Sara E Wobker
BACKGROUND: The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) has been proposed to standardize salivary gland fine-needle aspiration (FNA) diagnoses. This study assessed salivary gland FNA results and risk of malignancy (ROM) rates at the University of North Carolina as well as the interobserver reliability (IOR) of the atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) and salivary gland neoplasm of uncertain malignant potential (SUMP) categories. METHODS: The electronic medical record was searched for FNA cases from 2010 to 2017 with subsequent surgical resections...
March 26, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577637/patient-s-perspective-on-long-term-complications-after-superficial-parotidectomy-for-benign-lesions-prospective-analysis-of-a-two-year-follow-up
#8
P Wolber, G F Volk, L Horstmann, M Finkensieper, S Shabli, C Wittekindt, J P Klussmann, O Guntinas-Lichius, D Beutner, M Grosheva
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of patient's perspective on long-term complications after superficial parotidectomy for benign lesions. DESIGN: A prospective nonrandomized controlled multicenter study. SETTING: Three university-based tertiary referral centers (Departments of Otorhinolaryngology of Cologne, Jena and Giessen; all in Germany). PARTICIPANTS: 130 adult patients, who underwent a primary superficial parotidectomy for benign tumors of the parotid gland, were consecutively included from 09/2010 to 05/2012...
March 26, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577164/assessment-of-ctnnb1-gene-mutations-and-%C3%AE-catenin-immunoexpression-in-salivary-gland-pleomorphic-adenomas-and-adenoid-cystic-carcinomas
#9
Roberta Barroso Cavalcante, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Hellen Bandeira de Pontes Santos, Silvia Helena Barem Rabenhorst, Leão Pereira Pinto, Lélia Batista de Souza
β-Catenin exerts multiple functions in several neoplasms, playing a major role in cell signaling and tumor progression. This study analyzed possible CTNNB1 mutations in salivary gland pleomorphic adenomas (PAs) and adenoid cystic carcinomas (ACCs), and determined possible differences in β-catenin immunoexpression in relation to these mutations, as well as histopathological aspects of these tumors. Twenty-four PAs (15 cell-rich and 9 cell-poor tumors) and 24 ACCs (10 tubular, 8 cribriform, and 6 solid tumors) were selected for the analysis of β-catenin distribution and cellular localization...
March 26, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570128/small-subset-of-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-skin-is-associated-with-alterations-of-the-mybl1-gene-similar-to-their-extracutaneous-counterparts
#10
Liubov Kyrpychova, Tomas Vanecek, Petr Grossmann, Petr Martinek, Petr Steiner, Ladislav Hadravsky, Irena E Belousova, Ksenya V Shelekhova, Marian Svajdler, Pavol Dubinsky, Michal Michal, Dmitry V Kazakov
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the skin is a rare malignant neoplasm histologically identical to homonymous tumors in other organs. Cutaneous ACC has been found to harbor MYB gene activations, either through MYB chromosomal abnormalities or by generation of the MYB-NFIB fusion. In salivary gland ACC, in addition to the MYB gene, alterations in MYBL1, the gene closely related to MYB, have been reported. We studied 10 cases of cutaneous ACC (6 women, 4 men; and age range 51-83 years) for alterations in the MYB, NFIB, and MYBL1 genes, using FISH and PCR...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567883/liquid-based-cytology-versus-conventional-cytology-in-fine-needle-aspirates-of-salivary-gland-neoplasms
#11
Madhu Kumar, Shweta Katiyar, Mala Sagar, Malti Kumari, Madhu Mati Goel
Background: Liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a method of retrieving and processing of cytological material for the assessment of both gynecological and nongynecological cases introduced in 1996. Mostly conventional smears (CS) are prepared in Indian scenario; however, due to increasing popularity of LBC in nongynecology specimens, LBC is also used in few centers for diagnosing salivary gland neoplasm. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare CS and LBC in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the salivary gland neoplasms in terms of cytomorphological details, adequacy, ease of interpretation, pitfalls, and diagnostic efficiency...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556963/proceedings-of-the-nashnp-companion-meeting-march-18th-2018-vancouver-bc-canada-salivary-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-an-overview-of-a-rare-disease-with-an-emphasis-on-determining-tumor-origin
#12
Rebecca D Chernock, Eric J Duncavage
Salivary neuroendocrine carcinomas are rare and the overwhelming majority is high-grade. The parotid gland is the most commonly involved site followed by the submandibular gland. Most arise de novo but rare examples occurring as a high-grade transformation of another type of salivary gland neoplasm exist. There is significant morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap with neuroendocrine carcinomas of other sites, especially the skin. Like cutaneous neuroendocrine (or Merkel cell) carcinomas, approximately three-fourths are cytokeratin 20 positive...
March 20, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533281/a-case-of-a-malignant-cutaneous-mixed-tumor-chondroid-syringoma-of-the-scapula-treated-with-staged-margin-controlled-excision
#13
Karan Lal, Travis J Morrell, Michael Cunningham, Patrick OʼDonnell, Nikki A Levin, Kristine M Cornejo
Cutaneous mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma) is the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands, comprised of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Malignant transformation is exceptionally rare, with only a few cases reported. We report a case of a malignant cutaneous mixed tumor in an 86-year-old white man who presented with a pink indurated plaque on his left scapula. He had a history of nonmelanoma skin cancers, a stage IB malignant melanoma of a lower extremity and Gleason 4 + 3 prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy, external beam irradiation, and bicalutamide...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494398/rank-and-rank-ligand-expression-in-parotid-gland-carcinomas
#14
Alessandro Franchi, Cecilia Taverna, Antonella Simoni, Monica Pepi, Giuditta Mannelli, Martina Fasolati, Oreste Gallo
Recently, it has been reported that deregulation of the receptor activator of NFkB ligand (RANKL)/RANK signaling axis results in salivary gland tumor development in a mouse transgenic model. The aim of this study was to ascertain RANKL and RANK protein expression in a series of primary parotid gland carcinomas and to correlate it with clinicopathologic parameters. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 46 consecutive cases of parotid gland carcinoma were selected for this study. For comparison, we examined a group of 40 randomly chosen parotid gland adenomas, including 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 10 myoepitheliomas, and 10 Warthin tumors...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492062/diagnostic-utility-of-c-kit-protein-cd117-expression-in-differentiating-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-and-polymorphous-low-grade-adenocarcinoma
#15
Hassan Tariq, Saba Anjum, Hafeez Ud Din, Farhan Akhtar
Background & Objective: To evaluate usefulness of immunohistochemical marker C-kit (CD117) in differentiating Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) from Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) in patients of salivary gland carcinomas. AdCC is a malignant salivary gland neoplasm with poor prognosis. PLGA is a salivary gland malignancy with indolent growth pattern. Differentiating between the two entities is a diagnostic challenge. We evaluated the role of C-kit in differentiating the two...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491608/polymorphous-adenocarcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-a-skeptical-case-mimicking-lobular-carcinoma-of-breast-and-gastric-carcinoma
#16
Purnima Vadla, Sankeerthana Pathipaka, Jayakiran Madala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda
Polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC) is a distinctive salivary gland neoplasm that predominantly occurs in the minor salivary glands. The tumor is characterized by cytological uniformity, morphological diversity, an infiltrative growth pattern and low metastatic potential. It presents as an asymptomatic, slow- growing mass within the oral cavity. This salivary gland tumor is difficult to diagnose both clinically and histopathologically due to its indolent presentation and diverse architectural pattern which includes various microscopic patterns namely- solid, ductal-tubular, cribriform, trabecular and single-file growth...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489937/the-value-of-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-in-the-clinical-management-of-rare-salivary-gland-tumors
#17
Tibor Mezei, Simona Mocan, Alina Ormenisan, Beáta Baróti, Alina Iacob
Salivary gland tumors are relatively rare neoplasms, mostly located in the parotid gland, and few are malignant. Preoperative evaluation of salivary gland tumors includes fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of FNAC in the evaluation of rare salivary gland neoplasms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four cases of rare salivary gland tumors were included, which were preoperatively assessed by clinical investigation, computed tomography, and FNAC...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489660/primary-pulmonary-myoepithelial-carcinoma-in-a-young-woman-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
Xiaojuan Zhou, Min Yu, Hongyu Zhuo, Shuang Zhang
RATIONALE: Myoepithelial carcinoma mainly occurs in the salivary glands, but myoepithelial carcinoma of the lung is extremely rare neoplasm whose biological behavior and clinical course still remain to be fully elucidated. Although considered as low-grade carcinoma, these tumors have a high rate of recurrence or distant metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: To date there are only 11 cases of pulmonary myoepithelial carcinoma reported in the English literature. We report a case of a 24-year-old woman diagnosed with primary pulmonary myoepithelial carcinoma...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484010/mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-mec-of-parotid-gland-with-massive-cutaneous-involvement-bilateral-pedicle-advancement-flap-u-plasty-as-adequate-surgical-approach
#19
Ilia Lozev, Sonya Ruseva, Ivan Pidakev, José Carlos Cardoso, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ivan Terziev, Georgi Tchernev
Neoplasms of the major and minor salivary glands are morphologically and a clinically diverse group of neoplasms which lead the clinician to diagnostic and management challenges. This article aims to report a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in 83 - year - old woman who presented in the dermatology clinic with a tumour mass in the left auricular area. The patient complained of pain and abnormal bleeding of the mass. The lesion was examined, and surgical treatment was performed. A tumour was extirpated, and partial resection of both the parotid gland and the sternocleidomastoid muscle was done...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480238/diagnosis-of-lymphoepithelial-carcinoma-in-parotid-gland-with-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-angiography-reconstruction-a-case-report
#20
Li Yao, Yuanyuan Zhang, Qijun Chen, Shuai Wang, Qingjian Wang, Jie Yi, Ligang Zhang, Ethan L Matz, Xiaohua Hu, Guilin Huang
Lymphoepithelial carcinoma (LEC) is an uncommon malignant neoplasm. Due to the complicated anatomical structure of the human head, standard imaging modalities including ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan remain limited in detection of salivary tumors. We used three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CT angiography) for the assessment and pre-operative surgical planning of facial fractures of a case with LEC. The study results demonstrated that 3D-CT angiography provided an insightful approach to preoperative evaluation in the treatment of salivary tumors...
2018: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
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