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Prolactin insulin uterus

C Yunta, K A Vonnahme, B R Mordhost, D M Hallford, C O Lemley, C Parys, A Bach
We hypothesized that arginine (Arg) supplementation during early pregnancy could foster placental vascularization. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of Arg supplementation on uterine artery hemodynamics between 40 and 140 days of gestation. At 41 days of gestation, 17 Holstein heifers (448 ± 73.9 kg) were surgically fitted with a catheter in the peritoneal cavity. After surgery, nine heifers received a daily intraperitoneal infusion of 40 mg of Arg/kg of body weight (BW; ARG), whereas the remaining eight heifers received a daily intraperitoneal infusion of saline solution at equivalent volumes as ARG heifers relative to BW (CTRL)...
July 1, 2015: Theriogenology
Young Ju Jeong, Hoon Kyu Oh, Jin Gu Bong
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a cancer predisposition syndrome that includes a combination of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. The present study reports a rare case of MEN1 associated with breast cancer with the MEN1 gene mutation. A 45-year-old female was diagnosed with breast cancer subsequent to presenting with a right breast mass. Pre-operative radiological studies indicated right breast cancer with a suspicious metastatic nodule of the lung. Further studies demonstrated bilateral thyroid nodules, a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas, paraganglioma, a left adrenal adenoma, gallstones, uterine subserosal myoma and pituitary macroadenoma...
July 2014: Oncology Letters
E Kautz, A Gram, S Aslan, S S Ay, M Selçuk, H Kanca, E Koldaş, E Akal, K Karakaş, M Findik, A Boos, M P Kowalewski
Although there is no acute luteolytic mechanism in the absence of pregnancy in the bitch, a precise and well-timed embryo-maternal interaction seems to be required for the initiation and maintenance of gestation. As only limited information is available about these processes in dogs, in this study, the uterine expression of possible decidualization markers was investigated during the pre-implantation stage (days 10-12) of pregnancy and in the corresponding nonpregnant controls. In addition, the expression of selected genes associated with blastocyst development and/or implantation was investigated in embryos flushed from the uteri of bitches used for this study (unhatched and hatched blastocysts)...
May 2014: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Yasuhiro Kawarabayashi, Lin Hai, Akira Honda, Shinji Horiuchi, Hiroshi Tsujioka, Jun Ichikawa, Ryuji Inoue
Decidualization is an ovarian steroid-induced remodeling/differentiation process of uterus essential for embryo implantation and placentation. Here, we investigated the possible involvement of enhanced Ca²⁺ dynamics in the decidualization process in human endometrial stromal cells (hESC) in its connection with a recently emerging nonvoltage-gated Ca²⁺ entry channel superfamily, the transient receptor potential (TRP) protein. Combined application of 17β-estradiol (E₂) (10 nM) and progesterone (P₄) (1 μM) for 7-14 d resulted in morphological changes of hESC characteristic of decidualization (i...
May 2012: Molecular Endocrinology
Rosa Sherafat-Kazemzadeh, Jennifer K Schroeder, Cherie A Kessler, Stuart Handwerger
CONTEXT: Parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) is abundantly expressed by human endometrial stromal cells during decidualization. However, the role for PTHLH in the decidualization process is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of PTHLH on the induction and maintenance of decidualization of human uterine fibroblast (HUF) cells in vitro. DESIGN: HUF cells were treated with a PTHLH siRNA or a PTHLH receptor antagonist (bPTH(7-34)) before or after decidualization with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), estradiol (E(2)), and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2))...
February 2011: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Geeta Godbole, Deepak Modi
Cytokine production by the endometrial stromal and decidual cells is essential for successful differentiation of the endometrial stromal cells and uterine leukocytes to sustain pregnancy. Interleukin-11 and -15 (IL-11 and IL-15) secreted by the stromal and decidual cells are two key modulators of the process of decidualization and natural killer cell (NK) activity in the uterus and are essential for pregnancy. However, limited information exists on the maternal factors that regulate the production of these cytokines by the stromal cells...
June 2010: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Wei Wei Pang, Peter E Hartmann
Theories for the origin of milk have been recorded since the time of Ancient Greeks. In those times it was believed that milk was derived from special vessels that connected the uterus to the breasts. The "chyle theory" on the origin of milk was another prominent theory which persisted well into the nineteenth century before the realisation that milk components were derived from blood and some milk constituents were actually synthesized within the breasts. The demonstration that milk ejection was the expulsion of milk that had already been secreted and that milk secretion was a separate continuous process, set the background for the development for the current understanding of milk synthesis and secretion...
December 2007: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
Masahiko Kutsukake, Ryosuke Ishihara, Mikihiro Yoshie, Hiroshi Kogo, Kazuhiro Tamura
Uterine decidualization is crucial for successful implantation and the establishment of pregnancy. In the present study, the expression of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-related protein 1 (IGFBP-rP1) in the human uterus and endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) and its physiological significance in decidualization were examined. IGFBP-rP1 protein was localized in the glandular epithelium and stromal cells, and blood vessels in the endometrium. Cultured stromal cells expressed IGFBP-rP1 and secreted it into the medium...
October 2007: Molecular Human Reproduction
D Rachoń, T Vortherms, D Seidlová-Wuttke, A Menche, W Wuttke
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the uterotropic effects of the administration of dietary equol, a metabolite of soy-derived daidzein or formononetin present in red clover, in an ovariectomized rat model of menopause. METHOD: Two doses of racemic equol were used (50 mg/kg of chow and 400 mg/kg of chow) and the results were compared with two doses of estradiol-3 benzoate (E2B) (4.3 mg/kg of chow and 17.3 mg/kg of chow). After 3 months, animals were sacrificed and the uteri were removed, weighed and paraffin-embedded for morphometrical and immunohistochemical evaluation...
October 2007: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
J Ballester, M C Muñoz, J Domínguez, M J Palomo, M Rivera, T Rigau, J J Guinovart, J E Rodríguez-Gil
BACKGROUND: Diabetes induces great alterations in female reproductive function. We analyzed the effects of tungstate, an anti-diabetic agent, on the reproductive function of healthy and diabetic female rats. METHODS: Healthy and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated with sodium tungstate (2 mg/ml in their drinking water) for 12 weeks. Markers of reproductive function and diabetes were measured in serum, and in uterus and ovaries by Western blot or RT-PCR...
August 2007: Human Reproduction
N Tawadros, L A Salamonsen, E Dimitriadis, C Chen
Ghrelin acting via the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) stimulates GH secretion from pituitary glands. Both ligand and receptor are present in the pituitary, hypothalamus and many peripheral tissues including the uterus. This study demonstrates the cyclical expression of GHS-R and ghrelin in human endometrium. mRNA and protein for ghrelin and GHS-R were examined using RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Both ghrelin and GHS-R mRNA levels were highest in the secretory phase, with lower levels in the mid-proliferative phase and even lower expression in the menstrual phase...
July 2007: Molecular Human Reproduction
Ori Eyal, Jean-Baptiste Jomain, Cherie Kessler, Vincent Goffin, Stuart Handwerger
Human prolactin (PRL) and its receptor (PRLR) are markedly induced during human uterine decidualization, and large amounts of PRL are released by decidual cells as differentiation progresses. However, the role of PRL in decidualization is unknown. In order to determine whether PRL plays an autocrine role in decidualization, human uterine fibroblast cells that were decidualized in vitro with medroxyprogestrerone acetate (1 microM), estradiol (10 nM), and prostaglandin E(2) (1 microM) were exposed to exogenous PRL and/or the pure PRLR antagonist delta1-9-G129R-PRL...
May 2007: Biology of Reproduction
Masatoshi Matsuzaki, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, Jacqueline M Wallace
Overnourishing the adolescent sheep promotes rapid maternal growth at the expense of the gravid uterus. The growth of the placenta is impaired and results in the premature delivery of low-birthweight lambs. The present study details fetal adipose tissue development in these growth-restricted pregnancies. Singleton pregnancies were established by embryo transfer and, thereafter, adolescent ewes were offered a high (H; n = 12) or moderate (M; n = 14) level of a complete diet until necropsy on Day 131 of gestation...
2006: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
J Christoffel, G Rimoldi, W Wuttke
Phytoestrogens are increasingly consumed in artificially high doses as herbal preparations and nutritional supplements. The flavanone 8-prenylnaringenin (8PN) is a potent phytoestrogen, but its benefits and risks after long-term application are poorly identified. Therefore, we tested two doses of 8PN and 17beta-estradiol-3-benzoate (E2B) (effective doses: 6.8 and 68.4 mg/kg body weight (BW) of 8PN, and 0.17 and 0.7 mg/kg BW of 17beta-estradiol (E2)) and compared their effects on uterine weight, pituitary hormones (LH, FSH and prolactin) and the expression of estrogen-regulated genes and of estrogen receptor (ER)alpha and ERbeta in the hypothalamus, pituitary and uterus...
March 2006: Journal of Endocrinology
Iu A Pankov, M K Chekhranova, S K Karpova, S B Iatsyshina, M S Morozova, E T Sazina, T S Zaĭtseva
Prevalence of uterine progesterone receptors over estrogen ones, high uterine cAMP level, and low uterine prostaglandin level are necessary conditions of normal pregnancy. In cases of spontaneous and antiprogestin RU486-induced abortions, estrogen receptors prevail over progesterone ones, cAMP level decreases, and prostaglandin concentration in decidual tissue increases. Porcine and bovine beta-lipotropines were the first proteins, whose correct amino acid sequence was first determined in Russia. Several research centers carried out collaborative studies of the nucleotide sequences of human and animal proopiomelanocortin (lipotropin precursor) and prolactin cDNA...
2005: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Aki Shimizu, Tetsuo Maruyama, Kayoko Tamaki, Hiroshi Uchida, Hironori Asada, Yasunori Yoshimura
Many signaling events induced by ovarian steroid hormones, cytokines, and growth factors are involved in the process of decidualization of human and rodent endometrium. We have reported previously that tyrosine kinase activation of SRC functionally participates in decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells. To address its essential role in decidualization, we examined, using wild-type and Src knockout mice, whether the process of decidualization was impaired in the absence of SRC. Immunohistochemistry using an antibody specific for the active form of SRC revealed that the active SRC was expressed prominently in the decidualizing stromal cells of the pregnant wild-type mouse...
December 2005: Biology of Reproduction
Olaf Bartscha, Richard Ivell
During the evolution of mammals, the endometrium has developed for one reason only: to implant an embryo in the uterus. In higher primates, should an oocyte fail to be fertilized, then the endometrial layer is sloughed off during menses and the menstrual cycle starts again with a new round of endometrial differentiation. This stromal differentiation process is called decidualization and is accompanied in vivo by sustained high levels of intracellular cAMP. The present study was conducted to determine whether manipulation of cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE) activities in cultured human endometrial stromal cells could positively influence the decidualization process...
December 2004: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
T E Spencer, F W Bazer
All mammalian uteri contain endometrial glands that synthesize or transport and secrete substances essential for survival and development of the conceptus (embryo/fetus and associated extraembryonic membranes). The ovine uterine gland knockout ewe model supports a primary role for endometrial glands and, by default, their secretions as essential for conceptus survival and development during the peri-implantation period of pregnancy. Endometrial adenogenesis, the process whereby glands develop in the uterus, is primarily a postnatal event in domestic and laboratory animals, as well as in humans...
2004: Journal of Animal Science
Kanako Hayashi, Karen D Carpenter, Thomas E Spencer
Postnatal development of the ovine uterus between birth and postnatal day (PND) 56 involves budding differentiation of the endometrial glandular epithelium from the luminal epithelium (LE) followed by extensive coiling and branching morphogenesis of the tubular glands. To determine the short- and long-term effects of estrogen on neonatal ovine uterine development after PND 14, neonatal sheep were randomly assigned at birth (PND 0) to be treated daily with estradiol-17beta benzoate (EB; 0, 0.01, 0.1, 1, or 10 microg/kg body weight...
July 2004: Endocrinology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1963: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
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