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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031906/suckling-induced-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf-1-release-in-mother-rats
#1
András H Lékó, Melinda Cservenák, Árpád Dobolyi
OBJECTIVE: Lactation involves significant neuroendocrine changes. The elevated prolactin (PRL) release from the pituitary, induced markedly by suckling, is the most relevant example. Suckling also causes a significant and rapid elevation in growth hormone (GH) levels. GH is necessary for milk synthesis as milk yield is stopped completely in the absence of PRL and GH, while the absence of PRL alone causes only a 50% reduction. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important role in the GH axis...
October 10, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977591/novel-function-of-a-transcription-factor-wt1-in-regulating-decidualization-in-human-endometrial-stromal-cells-and-its-molecular-mechanism
#2
Isao Tamura, Yuichiro Shirafuta, Kousuke Jozaki, Takuya Kajimura, Masahiro Shinagawa, Ryo Maekawa, Toshiaki Taketani, Hiromi Asada, Shun Sato, Hiroshi Tamura, Norihiro Sugino
The Wilms tumor suppressor gene (WT1) encodes an essential transcription factor regulating mammalian urogenital development. However, the function of WT1 in human endometrium is still unclear. The current study examined the involvement of WT1 in the regulation of IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) and prolactin (PRL), which are specific markers of decidualization, in human endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) undergoing decidualization. ESCs isolated from proliferative-phase endometrium were incubated with cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) to induce decidualization...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955159/comparison-of-physical-body-growth-and-metabolic-and-reproductive-endocrine-functions-between-north-and-south-climates-of-japan-in-trained-thoroughbred-yearling-horses
#3
Siriwan Tangyuenyong, Fumio Sato, Yasuo Nambo, Harutaka Murase, Yoshiro Endo, Tomomi Tanaka, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe
This study aimed to compare body growth, metabolic, and reproductive hormonal changes in trained Thoroughbred yearling horses under different climate conditions with and without light supplementation (LS). Thoroughbred yearlings raised at research centers of the Japan Racing Association in Hokkaido (north) or Miyazaki (south) were divided into control and LS groups. In the LS groups, 44 colts and 47 fillies from Hokkaido and 11 colts and 11 fillies from Miyazaki were exposed to LS with an extended photoperiod of 14...
2017: Journal of Equine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888480/the-clinical-characteristics-and-microsurgical-therapy-of-pituitary-adenomas-in-elderly-patients-a-retrospective-study-of-130-cases
#4
REVIEW
Yi Zhao, Wei Lian, Bing Xing, Ming Feng, Xiaohai Liu, Renzhi Wang, Huanwen Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and microsurgical therapy of pituitary adenomas in elderly patients. METHOD: This article describes a retrospective study of 130 pituitary adenomas in elderly patients over 65years of age who underwent a microsurgical operation using the transsphenoidal approach and were admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from January 2010 to December 2012. RESULTS: A total of 60 (46...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805889/oxytocin-injections-in-the-postpartal-period-affect-mammary-tight-junctions-in-sows
#5
C Farmer, M Lessard, C H Knight, H Quesnel
The potential impacts of injecting oxytocin (OXY) to sows in the early postpartum period on the quality of mammary tight junctions, milk composition, and immune status of sows and piglets were studied. Postparturient sows received i.m. injections of either saline (control [CTL]; = 10) or 75 IU of OXY ( = 10). Injections were given twice daily (0800 and 1630 h) starting on d 2 of lactation (i.e., between 12 and 20 h after birth of the last piglet), totaling 4 injections. Milk samples were obtained before the first injection (d 2 morning [AM]), before the second injection (d 2 afternoon [PM]), and on d 4 PM and d 5 PM...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673122/rejuvenating-effect-of-long-term-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-gene-therapy-in-the-hypothalamus-of-aged-rats-with-dopaminergic-dysfunction
#6
José I Schwerdt, Micaela Lopez-Leon, Gloria M Cónsole, Oscar A Brown, Gustavo R Morel, Eduardo Spinedi, Rodolfo G Goya
The aging female rat constitutes an interesting model of spontaneous and progressive age-related dopaminergic dysfunction as it allows assessing new therapeutic strategies for Parkinson's disease. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is emerging as a powerful neuroprotective molecule, strongly induced in the central nervous system after different insults. We constructed a helper-dependent recombinant adenoviral vector (HDRAd-IGFI) harboring the gene for rat IGF-I. This was used to implement long-term IGF-I gene therapy in the hypothalamus of aged female rats, which display hypothalamic dopaminergic (DA) dysfunction and, as a consequence, chronic hyperprolactinemia...
September 6, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611445/insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-its-binding-protein-3-are-regulators-of-lactation-and-maternal-responsiveness
#7
András H Lékó, Melinda Cservenák, Éva Rebeka Szabó, János Hanics, Alán Alpár, Árpád Dobolyi
Adaptation to motherhood includes maternal behaviour and lactation during the postpartum period. The major organizing centres of maternal behaviour and lactation are located in the hypothalamic medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the arcuate nucleus, respectively. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is an effector of the growth hormone axis; however, its function in the brain is largely unexplored. We identified increased maternal IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) expression in preoptic rat microarray data and confirmed it by RT-PCR...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475292/long-term-follow-up-of-endocrine-function-among-young-children-with-newly-diagnosed-malignant-central-nervous-system-tumors-treated-with-irradiation-avoiding-regimens
#8
Anne M Cochrane, Clement Cheung, Kasey Rangan, David Freyer, Leena Nahata, Girish Dhall, Jonathan L Finlay
BACKGROUND: The adverse effects of irradiation on endocrine function among patients with pediatric brain tumor are well documented. Intensive induction chemotherapy followed by marrow-ablative chemotherapy with autologous hematopoietic cell rescue (AuHCR) without central nervous system (CNS) irradiation has demonstrated efficacy in a proportion of very young children with some malignant CNS tumors. This study assessed the long-term endocrine function of young children following chemotherapy-only treatment regimens...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457479/x-lag-how-did-they-grow-so-tall
#9
Albert Beckers, Liliya Rostomyan, Iulia Potorac, Pablo Beckers, Adrian F Daly
X-linked acrogigantism (XLAG) is a new, pediatric-onset genetic syndrome, due to Xq26.3 microduplications encompassing the GPR101 gene. XLAG has a remarkably distinct phenotype with disease onset occurring before the age of 5 in all cases described to date, which is significantly younger than in other forms of pituitary gigantism. These patients have mixed GH and prolactin positive adenomas and/or mixed-cell hyperplasia and highly elevated levels of GH/IGF-1 and prolactin. Given their particularly young age of onset, the significant GH hypersecretion can lead to a phenotype of severe gigantism with very advanced age-specific height Z-scores...
June 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380616/does-duration-of-teat-use-in-first-parity-affect-milk-yield-and-mammary-gene-expression-in-second-parity
#10
C Farmer, M Amezcua, R Bruckmaier, O Wellnitz, R Friendship
It was recently shown that a teat that is not used in the first lactation will have a reduced development and milk yield in the second lactation. In the current study, the impact of imposing a suckling period of 2, 7, or 21 d during the first lactation on piglet performance, milk composition, endocrine status, and mammary gene expression of sows in their second lactation was studied. Pregnant Yorkshire gilts were divided into 3 groups according to lactation length: 1) 2-d lactation (2D; = 20), 2) 7-d lactation (7D; = 20), and 3) 21-d lactation (21D; = 21)...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356085/cnv-discovery-for-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle-using-whole-genome-resequencing
#11
Yahui Gao, Jianping Jiang, Shaohua Yang, Yali Hou, George E Liu, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
BACKGROUND: Copy number variations (CNVs) are important and widely distributed in the genome. CNV detection opens a new avenue for exploring genes associated with complex traits in humans, animals and plants. Herein, we present a genome-wide assessment of CNVs that are potentially associated with milk composition traits in dairy cattle. RESULTS: In this study, CNVs were detected based on whole genome re-sequencing data of eight Holstein bulls from four half- and/or full-sib families, with extremely high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339753/in-ovo-monochromatic-green-light-photostimulation-enhances-embryonic-somatotropic-axis-activity
#12
L Dishon, N Avital-Cohen, D Malamud, R Heiblum, S Druyan, T E Porter, M Gumulka, I Rozenboim
Previous studies demonstrated that in ovo photostimulation with monochromatic green light increases body weight and accelerates muscle development in broilers. The mechanism in which in ovo photostimulation accelerates growth and muscle development is not clearly understood. The objective of the current study was to define development of the somatotropic axis in the broiler embryo associated with in ovo green light photostimulation. Two-hundred-forty fertile broiler eggs were divided into 2 groups. The first group was incubated under intermittent monochromatic green light using light-emitting diode (LED) lamps with an intensity of 0...
June 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332185/mechanism-of-prolactin-inhibition-of-mir-135b-via-methylation-in-goat-mammary-epithelial-cells
#13
Zhi Chen, Jun Luo, ChangHui Zhang, Yue Ma, Shuang Sun, Tianyin Zhang, Juan J Loor
Prolactin is an important endocrine activator of lactogenesis. This study investigated the function and mechanism of miR-135b in the enhancement of lactation by prolactin in goat mammary epithelial tissue. We utilized S-Poly (T) sequencing to evaluate changes in gene regulation in the goat mammary gland after incubation with 2.5 μg/ml prolactin and 2.5 μg/ml IGF-1 by examining highly expressed miRNAs during early lactation and late-lactation. The results illustrated that miR-135b is highly expressed in the goat mammary gland during early lactation and late-lactation, and also after treatment with 2...
January 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246273/added-value-of-serum-hormone-measurements-in-risk-prediction-models-for-breast-cancer-for-women-not-using-exogenous-hormones-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#14
Anika Hüsing, Renée T Fortner, Tilman Kühn, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Agnes Fournier, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Vassiliki Benetou, Philippos Orfanos, Giovanna Masala, Valeria Pala, Rosario Tumino, Francesca Fasanelli, Salvatore Panico, H Bas Bueno de Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Carla H van Gills, J Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Aurelio Barricarte, Pilar Amiano, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ruth C Travis, Laure Dossus, Kuanrong Li, Pietro Ferrari, Melissa A Merritt, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Elio Riboli, Rudolf Kaaks
Purpose: Circulating hormone concentrations are associated with breast cancer risk, with well-established associations for postmenopausal women. Biomarkers may represent minimally invasive measures to improve risk prediction models.Experimental Design: We evaluated improvements in discrimination gained by adding serum biomarker concentrations to risk estimates derived from risk prediction models developed by Gail and colleagues and Pfeiffer and colleagues using a nested case-control study within the EPIC cohort, including 1,217 breast cancer cases and 1,976 matched controls...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229578/growth-and-pubertal-development-in-adolescent-male-wrestlers
#15
İbrahim E Pişkin, Mustafa Gümüş, Taner Bayraktaroğlu, Tevfik C Akalin, Faruk Yamaner
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a crucial period for linear growth, and sports training during this time may have positive or negative effects on some physiological processes as growth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of intense training during somatic growth on the onset of puberty and growth development in adolescent wrestlers. METHODS: Fifty adolescent male wrestlers and twenty-one sedentary healthy male controls aged between 13-15 years were selected...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211546/differential-effects-of-hormones-on-cellular-metabolism-in-keratoconus-in-vitro
#16
Tina B McKay, Jesper Hjortdal, Henrik Sejersen, Dimitrios Karamichos
Keratoconus (KC) is a corneal thinning disease with an onset commonly immediately post-puberty and stabilization by 40 to 50 years of age. The role of hormones in regulating corneal tissue structure in homeostatic and pathological conditions is unknown. Our group recently linked altered hormone levels to KC. Our current study sought to investigate and delineate the effects of exogenous hormones, such as androgen, luteotropin, and estrogen, on corneal stroma bioenergetics. We utilized our established 3D in vitro model to characterize the effects of DHEA, prolactin, 17β-estradiol on insulin-growth factor-1 and -2 (IGF-1, -2) signaling and metabolic function in primary corneal fibroblasts from healthy controls (HCFs) and KC patients (HKCs)...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073129/alternative-treatment-strategies-in-women-poorly-tolerating-moderate-doses-of-bromocriptine
#17
Robert Krysiak, Witold Szkróbka, Bogusław Okopień
Background: Metformin as well as dopaminergic agents exert a beneficial effect on glucose and lipid metabolism, often impaired in patients with hyperprolactinemia. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare metabolic- and prolactin-lowering effects of low-dose bromocriptine/metformin combination therapy and cabergoline in patients with elevated prolactin levels. Methods: The study included 27 women with hyperprolactinemia and impaired glucose tolerance who were treated with moderate doses of bromocriptine but experienced adverse effects of this treatment...
January 10, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865406/an-adverse-immune-endocrine-profile-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-and-type-2-diabetes
#18
R Fernández, A Díaz, L D'Attilio, B Bongiovanni, N Santucci, D Bertola, H Besedovsky, A Del Rey, M L Bay, O Bottasso
Diabetes is a risk factor for the development of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and both diseases present endocrine alterations likely to play a role in certain immuno-endocrine-metabolic associated disorders. Patients with TB, or with TB and type 2 diabetes (TB + T2DM) and healthy controls (HCo) were assessed for plasma levels of cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), estradiol, testosterone, growth hormone (GH), prolactin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ) and the specific lymphoproliferative capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells...
December 2016: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855229/late-presentation-of-acromegaly-in-medically-controlled-prolactinoma-patients
#19
Ekaterina Manuylova, Laura M Calvi, Catherine Hastings, G Edward Vates, Mahlon D Johnson, William T Cave, Ismat Shafiq
Co-secretion of growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) from a single pituitary adenoma is common. In fact, up to 25% of patients with acromegaly may have PRL co-secretion. The prevalence of acromegaly among patients with a newly diagnosed prolactinoma is unknown. Given the possibility of mixed GH and PRL co-secretion, the current recommendation is to obtain an insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in patients with prolactinoma at the initial diagnosis. Long-term follow-up of IGF-1 is not routinely done. Here, we report two cases of well-controlled prolactinoma on dopamine agonists with the development of acromegaly 10-20 years after the initial diagnoses...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688483/a-long-lived-mouse-lacking-both-growth-hormone-and-growth-hormone-receptor-a-new-animal-model-for-aging-studies
#20
Adam Gesing, Denise Wiesenborn, Andrew Do, Vinal Menon, Augusto Schneider, Berta Victoria, Michael B Stout, John J Kopchick, Andrzej Bartke, Michal M Masternak
Disruption of the growth hormone (GH) signaling pathway promotes insulin sensitivity and is associated with both delayed aging and extended longevity. Two kinds of long-lived mice-Ames dwarfs (df/df) and GH receptor gene-disrupted knockouts (GHRKO) are characterized by a suppressed GH axis with a significant reduction of body size and decreased plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin levels. Ames dwarf mice are deficient in GH, prolactin, and thyrotropin, whereas GHRKOs are GH resistant and are dwarf with decreased circulating IGF-1 and increased GH...
August 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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