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Ectopic pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631522/evidence-based-management-of-non-tubal-ectopic-pregnancies
#1
Aderemi Olaoluwa Alalade, Fredrick John Ennis Smith, Charlotte Emma Kendall, Funlayo Odejinmi
Recent advances in ultrasonography and the use of other modalities including magnetic resonance imaging scans have led to the early and more accurate diagnosis of non-tubal ectopic pregnancies (NTE). As a result, the management of these pregnancies has evolved. This article addresses the management options currently available for NTE. While surgical management remains the mainstay of treatment for ovarian, abdominal and cornual ectopics, there is growing evidence that some of these can be managed medically...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626980/comparison-of-management-regimens-following-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-nontubal-ectopic-pregnancies-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
J Ramkrishna, G R Kan, K L Reidy, W C Ang, R Palma-Dias
OBJECTIVE: To review management options for nontubal ectopic pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary hospital in Melbourne, Australia. POPULATION: A total of 100 nontubal pregnancies: 1 abdominal, 32 caesarean scar, 14 cervical, 41 cornual-interstitial, 12 ovarian. METHODS: Cases were classified according to ectopic site. Management categories were medical, surgical, combination or expectant...
June 19, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616412/assessing-the-presence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-genome-in-pregnant-women-with-spontaneous-abortion-using-polymerase-chain-reaction-method-in-yasuj-first-report-from-southwest-of-iran
#3
Alborz Jahangiri Sisakht, Navid Omidifar, Nahid Mohamadkhani, Maryam Karimpoorfard, Mohammad Kargar, Mansoureh Shokripour
CONTEXT: Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most prevalent factors of sexually transmitted diseases worldwide, which causes abortion, premature rupture of membrane, uterine cervicitis, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and ectopic pregnancy. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of C. trachomatis genome in pregnant women with abortion in Yasuj, Iran. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a descriptive-analytical study in Shahid Mofateh Gyneco-obstetrics clinic and Emam sajjad Hospital...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609281/ectopic-ovarian-pregnancy-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-with-testicular-spermatozoa-a-case-report
#4
Javier García-Ferreyra, Roly Hilario, Julio Dueñas
Ovarian ectopic pregnancy is a rare event in both natural and assisted human reproduction settings. There are few reports of this event after in vitro fertilization. Diagnosis can be challenging, since it requires specific medical expertise. Patients with this condition call for careful management during treatment so as to not affect their fertility potential. This paper describes the case of a woman submitted to ICSI and embryo transfer who subsequently had an ovarian ectopic pregnancy and underwent a laparoscopic partial right oophorectomy...
June 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607282/laparoendoscopic-single-site-adnexal-surgery-preliminary-indian-experience
#5
Smitha Balusamy, Hrishikesh P Salgaonkar, Ramya Ranjan Behera, Ashwini Bhalerao-Gandhi, Deepraj S Bhandarkar
INTRODUCTION: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) is an emerging technique in gynaecology. The proposed advantages of the LESS include better cosmesis and reduction in pain. We report our preliminary experience with LESS in the treatment of adnexal pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a preoperative workup, LESS was offered to 37 patients between July 2009 and April 2015. All the procedures were carried out through a 2-2.5 cm transumbilical incision using conventional laparoscopic instruments...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605667/single-versus-double-intrauterine-insemination-iui-for-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Carolina O Nastri
This study is focused in appraising the current evidence comparing double and single IUI for achieving a pregnancy. The primary outcomes were live birth and ectopic pregnancy per women randomized. Secondary outcomes included clinical pregnancy and miscarriage. The evaluation of the risk of bias within each study was structured using the Cochrane risk of bias and the overall quality of the body of evidence was assessed through the GRADE criteria. Electronic searches were run in 4 databases and resulted in 15 studies included encompassing 3795 women...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602476/comparison-of-ectopic-pregnancy-risk-among-transfers-of-embryos-vitrified-on-day-3-day-5-and-day-6
#7
Tong Du, Hong Chen, Rong Fu, Qiuju Chen, Yun Wang, Ben W Mol, Yanping Kuang, Qifeng Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To compare ectopic pregnancy risk among transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care medical center. PATIENT(S): A total of 10,736 pregnancies after 23,730 frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles of in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection from March 2003 to May 2015. INTERVENTION(S): The ectopic pregnancy rate was compared among pregnancies resulting from transfers of embryos vitrified on day 3, day 5, and day 6...
June 8, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600619/ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-following-gnrh-agonist-trigger-think-ectopic
#8
Raoul Orvieto, Valeria Stella Vanni
PURPOSE: This study aims to report a case of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) following GnRH agonist trigger for final follicular maturation. METHODS: This study is a retrospective chart review. RESULTS: We report the first case of OHSS following GnRH agonist trigger for final follicular maturation and freeze-all, masking extrauterine pregnancy (EUP). The present case report elucidates the feasibility of stimulating and recruiting ovarian follicles yielding mature oocytes during early pregnancy and the ability of GnRH agonist to trigger final follicular maturation during pregnancy, in the presence of high progesterone and hCG levels...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599583/ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy-with-a-negative-urinary-pregnancy-test-after-methotrexate-treatment-challenges-of-diagnosis-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Hasan Qayyum, Shammi Ramlakhan, Remon Keriakos, Babu Gunasekaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598116/-optimal-ovulation-induction-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-resistant-to-clomiphene-citrate-or-letrozole
#10
Ying Chen, Dan Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the optimal ovulation induction with the combination of combining letrozole(LE),clomiphene citrate (CC),and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) in polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS) patients resistant to CC or LE. METHODS: Two hundreds nine PCOS patients (209 cycles) resistant to CC or LE were randomly divided into three groups: CC+HMG group (59 cycles),LE+HMG group (72 cycles) and LE+CC group (78 cycles).The patients in LE+CC group unable to form the dominant follicle after 54 cycles were enrolled into LE+CC+HMG group...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590029/treatment-of-heterotopic-caesarean-scar-pregnancy-complicated-with-post-termination-increase-in-size-of-residual-mass-and-morbidly-adherent-placenta
#11
Andre Hadyme Miyague, Adriano Pienaro Chrisostomo, Sergio Luis Costa, Edson Tetsuya Nakatani, William Kondo, Claudio Corrêa Gomes
We report a case of a secundipara with heterotopic cesarean scar pregnancy (HCSP) treated with potassium chloride injection into the ectopic embryo followed by sac aspiration. The remaining "mass" increased in size threefold and was surrounded by a rich vascular network. An arteriovenous malformation was suspected; however, appropriate treatment was precluded because of the viability of the ectopic gestation. Sonographic examination revealed a morbidly adherent placenta, and attempt to resect the mass laparoscopically was complicated by bleeding that required hysterectomy...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589050/a-case-of-chronic-ectopic-pregnancy-manifested-by-rectal-bleeding
#12
Nina Vukas Radulovic, Maria Bullarbo, Erling Ekerhovd
Ectopic pregnancy resulting in perforation of the rectum and rectal bleeding is clinically rare. We report an extremely rare case of chronic ectopic pregnancy with decreasing low levels of serum β-HCG resulting in rectal bleeding. A 31-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 3, with moderate abdominal pain and rectal bleeding was diagnosed with a tubal pregnancy. The tube was adherent to the rectum. Following salpingo-oophorectomy, the perforation of the rectum was sutured. Biopsies from the rectum as well as the tube confirmed chronic ectopic pregnancy...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587385/gnrh-antagonist-for-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-undergoing-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-for-in-vitro-fertilization-and-embryo-transfer-in-fresh-cycles
#13
Xiang-Hong Zhai, Ping Zhang, Feng-Xia Wu, An-Cong Wang, Pei-Shu Liu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist compared with a GnRH agonist on the in vitro fertilization cycle outcome in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. The outcomes of pregnancy were evaluated. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was also used to evaluate whether the endometrial thickness (cm) and estradiol (E2) level (pg/ml) on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration (the hCG day) had the best sensitivity and specificity for predicting a clinical pregnancy...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586112/conservative-management-of-cervical-ectopic-pregnancy-single-center-experience
#14
Semih Zeki Uludag, Mehmet Serdar Kutuk, Ercan Mustafa Aygen, Yılmaz Sahin
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the results of conservative treatment of cervical ectopic pregnancy (CEP). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cervical ectopic pregnancies diagnosed at the present department between January 2010 and July 2015. Patients with CEP who were treated with either systemic or intra-amniotic methotrexate (MTX) injection were included in the study. RESULTS: Ten CEP patients were identified. Median maternal age was 33 years (range, 23-40 years)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585844/-abdominal-pregnancy-at-a-patient-after-cesarean-section-bilateral-salpingectomy-and-embryotransfer
#15
E Suchánková, J Pavlásek, I Bydžovská, M Lubušký
OBJECTIVE: Presentation of rare complication following the assisted reproduction at a patient after cesarean section and bilateral salpingectomy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTINGS: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Regional Hospital Liberec, a. s.; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Palacky University Hospital, Olomouc. OBSERVATION: Pregnant woman, 26-years old, primiparous, with history of cesarean section and bilateral salpingectomy, was referred from the assisted reproduction centre to solve suspicion of molar intrauterine pregnancy...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573528/inpatient-hospitalizations-in-women-with-and-without-assisted-reproductive-technology-live-birth
#16
Judy E Stern, Daksha Gopal, Hafsatou Diop, Stacey A Missmer, Charles C Coddington, Barbara Luke
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate frequency of hospitalization before, during, and after assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment by cycle outcome. METHODS: Six thousand and one hundred thirty women residing in Massachusetts undergoing 17,135 cycles of ART reported to the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SARTCORS) from 2004 to 2011 were linked to hospital discharges and vital records. Women were grouped according to ART treatment cycle outcome as: no pregnancy (n = 1840), one or more pregnancies but no live birth (n = 968), or one or more singleton live births (n = 3322)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567059/intraplacental-choriocarcinoma-rare-or-underdiagnosed-report-of-2-cases-diagnosed-after-an-incomplete-miscarriage-and-a-preterm-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery
#17
Rita Ferraz Caldas, Paula Oliveira, Cátia Rodrigues, Inês Reis, Horácio Scigliano, Rosete Nogueira, Célia Araújo, Soledade Ferreira
Intraplacental choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor diagnosed after an abortion, an ectopic pregnancy, or a term or preterm pregnancy or following the diagnosis of a hydatidiform mole. During pregnancy, it may be more common than reported, as most patients are asymptomatic and placental choriocarcinomas are usually inconspicuous macroscopically and are often mistaken for an infarct. Based upon a case study methodology, we describe 2 cases of intraplacental choriocarcinoma: the first case was identified in the product of a uterine curettage following an incomplete miscarriage and the second in one of the placentas of a bichorionic twin pregnancy...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566680/dibutyl-phthalate-induced-testicular-dysgenesis-originates-after-seminiferous-cord-formation-in-rats
#18
Nathália L M Lara, Sander van den Driesche, Sheila Macpherson, Luiz R França, Richard M Sharpe
Administration of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) to pregnant rats causes reproductive disorders in male offspring, resulting from suppression of intratesticular testosterone, and is used as a model for human testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). DBP exposure in pregnancy induces focal dysgenetic areas in fetal testes that appear between e19.5-e21.5, manifesting as focal aggregation of Leydig cells and ectopic Sertoli cells (SC). Our aim was to identify the origins of the ectopic SC. Time-mated female rats were administered 750 mg/kg/day DBP in three different time windows: full window (FW; e13...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557204/anti-adhesive-effects-of-a-newly-developed-two-layered-gelatin-sheet-in-dogs
#19
Hiroko Torii, Toshitaka Takagi, Mamoru Urabe, Hiroyuki Tsujimoto, Yuki Ozamoto, Hiroe Miyamoto, Yoshihito Ikada, Akeo Hagiwara
AIM: Adhesion after pelvic surgery causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and ileus or abdominal pain. The materials currently available for clinical use are insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop an anti-adhesive material that overcomes the limitations of conventional anti-adhesive agents. METHODS: The adhesion prevention effects of three methods - a two-layered sheet composed of gelatin film and gelatin sponge, Seprafilm and INTERCEED - were evaluated in 37 dogs...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552996/recurrent-interstitial-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Eva Egger
Interstitial pregnancies account for 2-4 % of all ectopic pregnancies. Despite its rarity, various treatment options exist. However, no gold standard has yet been defined and data regarding recurrence of interstitial pregnancies in subsequent pregnancies after different treatments are sparse. This makes it very difficult to provide adequate patient counselling for treatment options with regards to the treatment-related risk of recurrence. The present literature review demonstrates that recurrent interstitial pregnancy is a rare condition and more likely when additional anatomy-related risk factors for ectopic pregnancies are present, such as hydrosalpinges, blocked tubes, endometriosis, fibroids or prior tubal ectopic pregnancies...
April 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
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