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Agoraphobia and relationships

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30336382/examining-the-relationships-between-error-related-brain-activity-the-ern-and-anxiety-disorders-versus-externalizing-disorders-in-young-children-focusing-on-cognitive-control-fear-and-shyness
#1
Alexandria Meyer, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: We examine the relationship between individual differences in temperament (cognitive control, fear, and shyness) and the error-related negativity (i.e., the ERN) in a large sample of young children. Furthermore, we explore to what extent variation in temperament may underlie the associations between the ERN and anxiety disorders versus externalizing disorders. METHOD: Using the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ), we focus on scales related to cognitive control (attentional focusing, attentional shifting, and inhibitory control) and a fearful/anxious temperament (fearfulness and shyness)...
October 7, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292944/the-mediating-role-of-parenting-behaviors-in-the-relationship-between-early-and-late-adolescent-levels-of-anxiety-specificity-and-informant-effects
#2
S Olofsdotter, T Furmark, C Åslund, K W Nilsson
INTRODUCTION: The role of parenting behavior is often highlighted in the development of anxiety in youth. However, previous reports are limited in terms of the specificity of relationships between different types of anxiety and parenting behaviors, informant effects on these relationships, and direction of effects. METHODS: This study investigates these questions using longitudinal data from 1350 Swedish adolescents and their parents. Adolescents' self-reports of six dimensions of anxiety and adolescents' and parents' reports of six dimensions of parenting behaviors were used in the analyses...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260463/-examination-of-adult-separation-anxiety-and-bonding-styles-in-patients-with-panic-disorder-who-applied-to-a-psychiatric-clinic
#3
Ayşe Selbes, Tonguç Demir Berkol, Sevilay Kunt, Can Uğurpala, Muhammed Mehtar, Pınar Gökçeimam
INTRODUCTION: The attachment processes give us a theoretical frame work to understand the psychopathological development. Unsafe attachment type is often associated with the emergence of psychopathology in the later periods of life. METHOD: This study includes 65 patients from psychiatry outpatient clinic with a diagnosis of panic disorder and 65 healthy volunteers as a control group. In order to determine clinical status and disease severity of patients with panic disorder according to SCID-I (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders-I) Panic-Agoraphobia Scale, Adults Separation Anxiety Scale, Relationship Scale Questionnaire were used...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043270/moving-to-beat-anxiety-epidemiology-and-therapeutic-issues-with-physical-activity-for-anxiety
#4
REVIEW
Aaron Kandola, Davy Vancampfort, Matthew Herring, Amanda Rebar, Mats Hallgren, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to provide a comprehensive narrative review of the relationship between physical activity (PA) and anxiety and the rationale for including it as a treatment option for anxiety disorders. Several gaps in the literature are highlighted alongside recommendations for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: PA in the general population has established efficacy in preventing and managing cardiovascular disease and improving wellbeing...
July 24, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30003688/mood-instability-contributes-to-impulsivity-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-binge-eating-purging-in-people-with-anxiety-disorders
#5
Evyn M Peters, Rudy Bowen, Lloyd Balbuena
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether mood instability in people with anxiety disorders contributes to trait impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging. METHODS: Data were analysed from a general population sample of 7,221 adults (Mage  = 51.0 years; 56.9% female). Logistic regression analyses with effect decompositions were used to establish the associations of five anxiety disorders (generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder) with impulsivity, non-suicidal self-injury, and binge eating/purging, and then to determine the extent that adding mood instability to each model reduced these relationships...
July 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899808/social-support-and-symptom-severity-among-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-or-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Véronique Palardy, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fredette, Elias Rizkallah, Stéphane Guay
Panic disorder with or without agoraphobia (PD/A) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are characterized by major behavioral dysruptions that may affect patients' social and marital functioning. The disorders' impact on interpersonal relationships may also affect the quality of support patients receive from their social network. The main goal of this systematic review is to determine the association between social or marital support and symptom severity among adults with PD/A or OCD. A systematic search of databases was executed and provided 35 eligible articles...
March 2018: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649673/the-relationship-between-impulsivity-and-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-the-role-of-affective-temperament
#7
Aslı Beşirli
There are opinions regarding that impulsivity may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between impulsivity and panic disorder (PD) in the patient group, to compare impulsivity and affective temperamental traits between patients and healthy controls and to investigate whether there is a relationship between impulsivity and affective temperamental traits. Participants comprised 70 patients with PD and 58 healthy volunteers. The Panic Agoraphobia Scale (PAS), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) were applied...
June 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522942/anxiety-disorders-and-figural-fluency-a-measure-of-executive-function
#8
B Gulpers, A Lugtenburg, M Zuidersma, F R J Verhey, R C Oude Voshaar
BACKGROUND: Anxiety possibly interferes with executive functioning, although most studies rely on anxiety symptoms or lack control for comorbid depression. The objective of the present study is to examine the association between executive functioning and (individual) anxiety disorders with ak,ld without controlling for depression. METHOD: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, social phobia, as well as depressive disorder according to DSM-IV criteria were assessed with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in 82,360 community-dwelling people participating in the Lifelines cohort...
July 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259145/fear-of-fear-and-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-over-the-course-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-in-japan
#9
S Ogawa, M Kondo, K Ino, T Ii, R Imai, T A Furukawa, T Akechi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear of fear and broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder with agoraphobia over the course of cognitive behavioural therapy in Japan. METHODS: A total of 177 Japanese patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia were treated with group cognitive behavioural therapy between 2001 and 2015. We examined associations between the change scores in Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire or Body Sensations Questionnaire and the changes in subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised during cognitive behavioural therapy controlling the change in panic disorder severity using multiple regression analysis...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244900/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-results-from-a-large-longitudinal-population-based-study
#10
Jennifer Glaus, Roland von Känel, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline L Vandeleur, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Ciro Marangoni, En-Young N Wagner, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: Although there has been abundant research on chronic low-grade inflammation as a potential mechanism underlying the link between mood disorders and cardiovascular risk, less is known about the role of inflammatory factors and anxiety disorders. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with anxiety disorders and its subgroups...
April 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826378/improvement-in-adult-anxious-and-avoidant-attachment-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-panic-disorder
#11
Dina Zalaznik, Michal Weiss, Jonathan D Huppert
OBJECTIVE: This study examined attachment within the framework of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) by measuring the changes in avoidant and anxious attachment in a session-by-session analysis. METHOD: Thirty-one patients with PDA were treated using CBT. Pre-session data on attachment style (ECR), avoidance behaviors (MI-alone: MI-al; MI-accompanied: MI-ac), anxiety sensitivity (ASI), emotion regulation (ERQ), and working alliance (WAI) were collected...
August 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814971/quality-of-life-in-anxious-adolescents
#12
Solfrid Raknes, Ståle Pallesen, Joseph A Himle, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Gro Janne Wergeland, Asle Hoffart, Kari Dyregrov, Åshild Tellefsen Håland, Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland
PURPOSE: To examine associations between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and anxiety symptoms across anxiety domains (obsessions/compulsions, social anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, physical injury fears, generalised anxiety, and posttraumatic stress) in a general adolescent population. Expanded knowledge about these associations can provide valuable information for improving interventions and prevention strategies for adolescent anxiety. METHODS: Cross-sectional data about anxiety were collected via a school survey from a community sample of Norwegian adolescents aged 12-17 (N = 1719)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636577/comorbidity-and-suicidality-in-patients-diagnosed-with-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-and-major-depression
#13
Borjanka Batinic, Goran Opacic, Tijana Ignjatov, David S Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of anxiety and depression (both current and lifetime) is associated with greater chronicity and an increased risk of suicidality. We wished to ascertain which symptom clusters had the strongest association with suicidality. Our aims were (1) to examine the presence of current comorbidity and suicidality in patients diagnosed with panic disorder/agoraphobia (PD/A) and major depression (MD), and their relationship with duration of psychiatric treatment and frequency of hospital admission; and (2) to examine which coexisting symptoms were most strongly predictive of suicidality in sub-groups and the overall group...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987430/effects-of-the-cortisol-stress-response-on-the-psychotherapy-outcome-of-panic-disorder-patients
#14
Susann Wichmann, Clemens Kirschbaum, Thomas Lorenz, Katja Petrowski
BACKGROUND: A proportion of patients with panic disorder (PD) fail to show a remission after psychotherapy. Biological correlates of psychotherapy non-response have rarely been described in the literature. The aim of the present study was to research the relationship between the cortisol stress response and the psychotherapy outcome in PD patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight PD patients (20 females, mean age±SD: 35.71±13.18) seeking psychological treatment for PD and n=32 age- and sex-matched healthy control participants (21 females, aged 34...
March 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951417/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-analgesic-behavioral-effects-and-chronic-toxicity-of-the-new-3-5-diaminopyrazole-and-its-precursor-the-thiocyanoacetamide
#15
Ridha Ben Ali, Amal Ben Othman, Khouloud Bokri, Samira Maghraoui, Adel Hajri, Azaiez Ben Akacha, Chadli Dziri, Michèle Véronique El May
This study aimed to explore the analgesic, antioxidant, behavioral and toxicological effects of 3,5-diaminopyrazole and thiocyanoacetamide. Caffeine was used as reference drug whose effects are known after oral treatment with an efficient dose (10mg/kg/day) for 30days. The preliminary bioassays indicated that both compounds at this dose have strong antioxidant capacities and present highly analgesic effects. The behavioral study showed an activation of the rat memory by thiocyanoacetamide. This molecule caused a phobia state to open areas in the elevated plus maze and specifically agoraphobia in the open field with a lack in the development of the exploratory capacity...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774709/the-effect-of-korean-group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-among-patients-with-panic-disorder-in-clinic-settings
#16
Y S Choi, E J Lee, Y Cho
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Panic disorder patients display various panic-related physical symptoms and catastrophic misinterpretation of bodily sensations, which lower their quality of life by interfering with daily activities. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a useful strategy for panic disorder patients to manage symptoms associated with inaccurate cognitive interpretation of situations resulting from the patient's cognitive vulnerability. In South Korea, however, despite the increasing prevalence of panic disorder, CBT is not a common element of nursing care plans for panic disorder patients...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411108/the-classification-of-anxiety-and-fear-related-disorders-in-the-icd-11
#17
REVIEW
Cary S Kogan, Dan J Stein, Mario Maj, Michael B First, Paul M G Emmelkamp, Geoffrey M Reed
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent worldwide and engender substantial economic costs and disability. The World Health Organization is currently developing the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11), which represents the first opportunity to improve the validity, clinical utility, and global applicability of the classification in more than 25 years. This article describes changes in the organization and diagnostic guidelines for anxiety and fear-related disorders proposed by the ICD-11 Working Group on the Classification of Mood and Anxiety Disorders and the rationale and evidence base for the proposals...
December 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385412/predictors-of-dropout-from-cognitive-behavioral-group-treatment-for-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-an-exploratory-study
#18
Claude Bélanger, Catherine Courchesne, Andrea G Leduc, Caroline Dugal, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, André Marchand, Natacha Godbout, Roger Marcaurelle, Michel Perreault
Panic disorder and agoraphobia are both characterized by avoidance behaviors, which are known correlates of treatment discontinuation. The aim of this exploratory study is to distinguish the profile of participants suffering from panic disorder with agoraphobia that complete treatment from those who discontinue therapy by assessing four categories of predictor variables: the severity of the disorder, sociodemographic variables, participants' expectations, and dyadic adjustment. The sample included 77 individuals diagnosed with panic disorder with agoraphobia who completed a series of questionnaires and participated in a cognitive-behavioral group therapy consisting of 14 weekly sessions...
January 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261468/mental-health-literacy-in-hong-kong
#19
Christopher Lui, Cheuk Wong, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate Hong Kong nationals' ability to recognize 13 different mental disorders and to examine whether there may be a relationship between their mental health literacy (MHL) and their tendency to describe/explain symptoms of mental disorders in physical terms. METHODS: A total of 299 participants took part in this study and the vignettes depict post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dependent personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, bipolar disorder, social phobia, panic disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder...
September 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137435/the-long-term-psychiatric-sequelae-of-severe-injury-a-6-year-follow-up-study
#20
Meaghan L O'Donnell, Nathan Alkemade, Mark C Creamer, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant, David Forbes
OBJECTIVE: The impact of mental health on disease burden associated with injury represents a major public health issue, yet almost no information is available on the associated long-term mental health outcomes. The primary aim of this study was to assess the psychiatric outcomes 6 years after a severe injury and their subsequent impact on long-term disability. The secondary aim was to investigate the relationship between a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and long-term psychiatric disorder and its impact on disability...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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