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Salivary gland pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326216/an-unusual-clinical-presentation-of-solitary-fibrous-tumor-in-the-oral-cavity
#1
Everton Freitas de Morais, Deborah Gondim Lambert Moreira, Viviane Alves De Oliveira, Rodrigo Rodrigues Rodrigues, Adriano Rocha Germano, Roseana de Almeida Freitas
Solitary fibrous tumor is a rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin that usually affects the pleura. This rarity becomes more relevant in the oral cavity since the clinical features are nonspecific. A 66-year-old female patient presented with a 3-month history of a swelling in the floor of the mouth, measuring 2 cm in greatest diameter, and pain symptomatology. Occlusal and panoramic radiographs showed no bone involvement. Ultrasonography of the submandibular and parotid salivary glands revealed normal morphology, dimensions, and echogenicity...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325631/new-concepts-of-personalized-therapy-in-salivary-gland-carcinomas
#2
REVIEW
Gunter Keller, Diana Steinmann, Alexander Quaas, Viktor Grünwald, Stefan Janssen, Kais Hussein
Salivary gland carcinomas are rare tumours and therapy strategies are less standardized than in lung, gastric or breast cancer. Therapy is based on surgery, but not all carcinomas are completely resectable, e.g. because carcinomas often show infiltration of nerves. For further therapy decision pathology is recommended, but evaluation of potential targets for personalized therapy is not part of the routine panel. Many salivary gland carcinomas can be resistant to radio- and/or chemotherapy, which limits therapeutic options...
March 18, 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274671/second-opinion-oral-pathology-referrals-in-new-zealand
#3
B Seo, H M Hussaini, A M Rich
Referral for a second opinion is an important aspect of pathology practice, which reduces the rate of diagnostic error and ensures consistency with diagnoses. The Oral Pathology Centre (OPC) is the only specialist oral diagnostic centre in New Zealand. OPC provides diagnostic services to dentists and dental specialists throughout New Zealand and acts as a referral centre for second opinions for oral pathology specimens that have been sent to anatomical pathologists. The aim of this study was to review second opinion referral cases sent to the OPC over a 15-year period and to assess the levels of concordance between the original and final diagnoses...
March 5, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272678/clear-cell-myoepithelial-carcinoma-of-the-upper-lip-a-rare-case-report
#4
Swati Gotmare, Anish Gupta, Megha Jain, Mandavi Waghmare
Myoepithelial carcinomas are quite infrequent neoplasms and coupled with their diverse morphological appearance are interesting as far as diagnosis and management is concerned. They account for less than 1% of all salivary gland tumors. The variable morphologic appearance of myoepithelial carcinoma leads to a wide differential diagnosis, including primary salivary gland tumors and metastatic tumors. The prognosis of these tumors is not fair as they are locally aggressive and approximately one third of the patients die of the pathology...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249655/salivary-gland-pleomorphic-adenoma-in-the-netherlands-a-nationwide-observational-study-of-primary-tumor-incidence-malignant-transformation-recurrence-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence
#5
M H Valstar, M de Ridder, E C van den Broek, M M Stuiver, B A C van Dijk, M L F van Velthuysen, A J M Balm, L E Smeele
INTRODUCTION: Whereas salivary gland pleomorphic adenoma (SGPA) is the most common type of salivary gland tumor, little is known about its epidemiology because national cancer registries do not register this disease. OBJECTIVES: To establish SGPA incidence trends, rates of secondary malignant transformation and recurrence and associated factors in the Netherlands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on incidence, epidemiology, secondary malignant transformation and recurrence were retrieved from the Dutch pathology registry (PALGA) for the years 1992, 1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249649/systemic-therapy-in-metastatic-salivary-gland-carcinomas-a-pathology-driven-paradigm
#6
REVIEW
Salvatore Alfieri, Roberta Granata, Cristiana Bergamini, Carlo Resteghini, Paolo Bossi, Lisa F Licitra, Laura D Locati
Salivary gland carcinomas (SGCs) represent one of the most complex tumors from a pathological point of view. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification (2005), twenty-four malignant histotypes are recognized, almost all characterized by specific morphological and genetic features as well as by particular clinical behavior. Loco-regional relapse and distant metastases are quite common. Distant metastases are diagnosed in 25-55% of the patients and only 20% of them are alive after 5years...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247228/update-from-the-4th-edition-of-the-world-health-organization-classification-of-head-and-neck-tumours-what-is-new-in-the-2017-who-blue-book-for-tumors-and-tumor-like-lesions-of-the-neck-and-lymph-nodes
#7
Nora Katabi, James S Lewis
The World Health Organization (WHO) 2017 Classification of Head and Neck Tumors ("Blue Book") will now include a new chapter on tumors and tumor-like lesions of the neck and lymph nodes, which was not included in the previous edition. Tumors and tumor-like lesions, including a variety of cysts and metastases, can arise in any component in the neck, including soft tissue, lymph nodes, and developmental remnants. The pathology and clinical features of metastatic carcinoma of unknown primary in the head and neck has changed dramatically in the last several years...
March 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247223/update-from-the-4th-edition-of-the-world-health-organization-classification-of-head-and-neck-tumours-hematolymphoid-tumours
#8
Noah A Brown, Kojo S J Elenitoba-Johnson
In 2017, the latest revision to the WHO Classification of Head and Neck Tumours will be released. Similar to the 2005 WHO, the codification of hematopoietic and lymphoid neoplasms of the head and neck is included within chapters pertaining to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, the nasopharynx, the larynx, the oral cavity and oropharynx, the neck and the salivary glands. Herein, we describe both changes to the classification of hematolymphoid neoplasms of the head and neck since the 2005 WHO, as well as recent advances in our understanding of the underlying pathogenesis and molecular pathology of these neoplasms...
March 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229827/anti-la-positive-anti-ro-negative-subset-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-anti-la-is-a-reality-but-is-the-disease
#9
Debashish Danda, Rohan Sharma, Dat Truong, Kristi A Koelsch, Biji T Kurien, Harini Bagavant, Umesh Deshmukh, C Erick Kaufman, David M Lewis, Donald U Stone, Lida Radfar, Astrid Rasmussen, Kathy L Sivils, Robert H Scofield
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the serological and clinical findings in primary Sjögren's syndrome in which anti-La was found without anti-Ro. We hypothesised that a significant portion of these are falsely negative for anti-Ro60. METHODS: Twenty-nine sera from primary Sjögren's syndrome patients were tested for antibodies directed against La and Ro. Anti-La was detected using bovine La treated with or without DNAase and RNAase to identify potential false positivity...
February 20, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228909/igg4-related-disease-in-an-adolescent-with-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#10
Renato Cesar Ferreira da Silva, Scott M Lieberman, Henry T Hoffman, Bruno Policeni, Amani Bashir, Richard J H Smith, T Shawn Sato
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4RD) is an immune-mediated condition characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and fibrosis of affected organs. IgG4RD may affect many different organs either individually or together in a multiorgan condition and, thus, incorporates a wide range of fibroinflammatory phenotypes with shared pathologic features. Although IgG4RD most commonly occurs in late adulthood, it may affect children and adolescents. Only one case of IgG4RD presenting as isolated submandibular gland involvement has been reported in the pediatric population...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210575/cytokeratin-immunoprofile-of-primary-and-metastatic-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-salivary-glands-a-report-of-two-cases
#11
Cibele Pidorodeski Nagano, Cláudia Malheiros Coutinho-Camillo, Clovis Antônio Pinto, Fernando Augusto Soares, Filipa Santos, Isabel Fonseca, Silvia Vanessa Lourenço
Distant metastases from salivary gland tumors are considered infrequent: the incidence of distant metastases ranges from 24% to 61% according to different histotypes and to the site of the primary mass. The most common site of distant metastases due to salivary gland malignancies is the lung. From the pathology point of view, cytokeratins (CK) are important differentiation markers in salivary gland tumors, which are often used for the diagnostic process. Their employment also may be useful to identify and confirm the diagnosis of their distant metastases...
October 2016: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206977/prognostic-significance-of-p53-immunohistochemical-expression-in-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Qinglin Li, Ping Huang, Chuanming Zheng, Jiafeng Wang, Minghua Ge
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands is a rare adenocarcinoma and has been placed in "high-risk" category as poor long-term prognosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate p53 protein expression in adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary glands and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters and prognosis. Literatures were searched from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, which investigated the relationships between p53 expression and pathological type, clinical stage, local recurrence, metastasis, nerve infiltration and overall survival...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194567/ultrastructural-characterization-of-mammary-analogue-secretory-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands-a-distinct-entity-from-acinic-cell-carcinoma
#13
Julie Guilmette, Gunnlaugur P Nielsen, William C Faquin, Martin Selig, Vânia Nosé, Anthony W S Chi, Peter M Sadow
Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) of the salivary glands is a recently described neoplasm of the salivary glands with a characteristic morphology complemented by a specific cytogenetic translocation and gene rearrangements. Although immunophenotypic and cytogenetic differences allow for a more reliable distinction, ultrastructural features can also provide important information about the relationship between MASC, classic acinic cell carcinoma (AciCC), and AciCC intercalated duct cell-predominant variant...
February 13, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188210/management-of-oral-secretions-in-neurological-disease
#14
REVIEW
Alexander J McGeachan, Christopher J Mcdermott
Sialorrhoea is a common and problematic symptom that arises from a range of neurological conditions associated with bulbar or facial muscle dysfunction. Drooling can significantly affect quality of life due to both physical complications such as oral chapping, and psychological complications such as embarrassment and social isolation. Thicker, tenacious oral and pharyngeal secretions may result from the drying management approach to sialorrhoea. The management of sialorrhoea in neurological diseases depends on the underlying pathology and severity of symptoms...
April 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168074/myoepithelioma-of-the-nasal-septum-a-rare-case-of-extrasalivary-gland-involvement
#15
Gustavo Barreto da Cunha, Tatiane Costa Camurugy, Thiago Cavalcante Ribeiro, Nara Nunes Barbosa Costa, Amanda Canário Andrade Azevedo, Eriko Soares de Azevedo Vinhaes, Nilvano Alves de Andrade
Introduction. The myoepithelioma is a rare benign tumor, most frequently found in the salivary glands. The extrasalivary gland involvement is even rarer and few cases involving the nasal cavity have been reported in the literature. Case Report. MES, a 54-year-old woman, complaining of progressive nasal obstruction and mild epistaxis through the right nostril which had developed 1 year previously. Computed tomography scan showed tumor with heterogeneous contrast enhancement occupying the right nasal cavity, moving contralaterally in the nasal septum...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160579/retrospective-study-of-149-cases-of-salivary-gland-carcinoma-in-a-spanish-hospital-population
#16
L Collazo-Fernández, J Campo-Trapero, J Cano-Sánchez, R García-Martín, C Ballestín-Carcavilla
BACKGROUND: The clinical and histological characteristics of salivary gland tumors vary widely, complicating their diagnosis and management, and major differences have been recorded in the distribution of histopathological diagnoses among different countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed the demographic (age, sex) and clinicopathological (pathology diagnosis and localization) characteristics of cases diagnosed with primary SGC between June 1992 and May 2014 in the Pathology Department of the 12 de Octubre Hospital of Madrid...
March 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154872/monitoring-the-biochemical-alterations-in-hypertension-affected-salivary-gland-tissues-using-fourier-transform-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging
#17
Shaiju S Nazeer, Rarinthorn Samrid, David Perez-Guaita, Parichat Prachaney, Kowit Chaisiwamongkol, Poungrat Pakdeechote, Ponlatham Chaiyarit, Bayden R Wood
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) imaging has been applied to investigate biochemical differences between salivary glands from control and hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups including a control group and another hypertension group that were treated orally, with N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) via drinking water for 3 weeks to develop hypertension. In the control group, rats were treated with only drinking water for 3 weeks. The formalin-fixed paraffin embedded tissue specimens from submandibular and sublingual glands were analysed with a FTIR focal plane array imaging spectrometer and multi-composite images of all tissue sections were analysed simultaneously using Unsupervised Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (UHCA) and the extracted spectra were further analysed using Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA)...
February 3, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153565/clinical-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors-of-salivary-gland-adenoid-cystic-carcinomas-a-case-control-study
#18
Caineng Cao, Minghua Ge, Xiaozhong Chen, Jiajie Xu, Chao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there was any difference in the clinical and pathologic features, management, and survival outcomes based on tumor site for salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective chart review of 63 salivary ACC patients. These patients were subclassified into 2 groups, the minor salivary glands group (MiSGG) and the major salivary glands group (MaSGG). RESULTS: With a median follow-up time of 69...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153562/myoepithelial-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-gland-pathologic-and-ct-imaging-characteristics-report-of-10-cases-and-literature-review
#19
Dong Yue, Wen Feng, Cai Ning, Li Xiao Han, Luo YaHong
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the pathologic and computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics of myoepithelial carcinoma in the salivary gland. STUDY DESIGN: Ten patients with myoepithelial carcinoma of the salivary gland underwent enhanced CT scanning, and the pathologic and CT imaging features were evaluated, including the pathologic type, size, margin morphology, and enhancement pattern of the lesions. RESULTS: Myoepithelial carcinoma had a multinodular or lobulated outline...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141643/primary-carcinosarcoma-of-the-parotid-gland-mimicking-as-parotid-abscess-with-deep-neck-infection
#20
Huu Ngoc Minh Phan, Yong Tae Hong, Ki Hwan Hong
Carcinosarcoma, true malignant mixed tumor, of the parotid is an extremely rare tumor. Pathologically, it is composed of malignant epithelial and malignant mesenchymal elements. The carcinosarcoma of the salivary glands comprised only 0.04% to 0.16% of all malignant salivary tumors with 65% occurring in the parotid gland. This tumor has an aggressive characteristic and is often regarded as a high-grade tumor with distant metastasis occurring in 54% of the patients. Patients usually present between 60 and 65 years of age and most series report no sex predominance...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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