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Ovarial pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646432/asynchronus-bilateral-ovarian-torsions-in-girls-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Maja Raicevic, Amulya Kumar Saxena
BACKGROUND: Bilateral ovarian torsions with complete loss of ovaries is devastating. This study analyzed the literature on bilateral ovarian torsions in girls to evaluate surgical options and outcomes. METHODS: Literature was searched on Pubmed® (1987-2014) using terms "bilateral", "adnexal", "ovary", "torsion" and "children". Data were collected on age, surgical preference, pathology and outcomes. RESULTS: Thirteen articles were identified, and 9 met the inclusion criteria (5 case reports, 4 original articles); and analyzed 17 girls (mean age: 8...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641661/-clinical-and-pathologic-features-of-myeloid-sarcoma
#2
Ya-Jun Jiang, Hong-Xia Wang, Wan-Chuan Zhuang, Hao Chen, Chang Zhang, Xiu-Mei Li, Gui-Hua Zhu, Yao He
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis and therapy of myeloid sarcoma. METHODS: The clinical data including clinical manifestations, laboratorial tests, histopathologicical examination, immunohistochemistry and clinical prognosis of 10 patients with myeloid sarcoma were analyzed retrospectively. Among 10 patients, 5 male and 5 female, aged 23 to 71 years old (median = 36 years). RESULTS: 2 cases of myeloid sarcoma were secondary from chronic myeloid leukemia, and 1 cases of myeloid sarcoma occurred after the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to acute myeloid leukemia, and the others lacked the anamnesis of malignancies...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623008/yucca-schidigera-can-promote-rabbit-growth-fecundity-affect-the-release-of-hormones-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-induce-pathological-changes-in-liver-and-reduce-ovarian-resistance-to-benzene
#3
Martina Földešiová, Andrej Baláži, Ľubica Chrastinová, Juraj Pivko, Jan Kotwica, Abdel Halim Harrath, Peter Chrenek, Alexander V Sirotkin
This study evaluated the effect of Yucca schidigera (YS) extract on the physiological, reproductive, and endocrine indexes of New Zealand White rabbit does. Six-week-old rabbit does were fed a standard diet (control group) or a diet enriched with 5 or 20g of Y powder extract per 100-kg feed mixture for 350days. The does were artificially inseminated after induction of superovulation. Weight gain; conception and kindling rate; viability of pups and mothers; histopathological state of liver and muscle; plasma levels of progesterone (P4), oxytocin (OT), and prostaglandin F (PGF); and the release of P4, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), OT, and PGF by isolated ovarian fragments and their response to the addition of benzene were analyzed...
June 10, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617068/nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-expression-in-the-endometrium-of-normal-and-overweight-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Onder Koc, Safak Ozdemirici, Mustafa Acet, Ummugulsum Soyturk, Suleyman Aydin
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the expression levels of endometrial NFκB p65 differ between normal weight and overweight PCOS women and to compare them with BMI-matched control subjects without PCOS. The study group comprised 20 normal weight (BMI: 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)) and 15 overweight PCOS women (BMI: 25-29.9 kg/m(2)) with infertility. Healthy fertile women without PCOS were recruited as the control group. The patients in the normal weight PCOS group and control group were age and BMI-matched...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612285/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
A L L Rocha, L C Faria, T C M Guimarães, G V Moreira, A L Cândido, C A Couto, F M Reis
PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an insidious pathologic condition that can manifest from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) with potential progression to cirrhosis. Like the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), NAFLD is associated with obesity, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. PCOS women have an increased risk of NAFLD, but it is debatable which features of PCOS, either specific (androgen excess) or unspecific (metabolic derangements) affect the NAFLD risk...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611643/uncommon-presentation-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-in-a-patient-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Anas Mohammad Albarrak, Suleiman Kojan
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is a rare condition characterized by increased intracranial pressure without clinical, laboratory, or radiological evidence of intracranial pathology. Early management could prevent irreversible outcomes. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old single Arabian female of Arab origin presented with a 2-day complaint of horizontal diplopia and transient visual obscurations. She denied any history of headache or decreased vision...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607781/malignant-transformation-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-diagnosed-after-a-10-year-interval
#7
Mariko Jitsumori, Satoru Munakata, Toshiya Yamamoto
A 67-year-old uniparous woman had undergone surgery for acute perforated gastric ulcer 10 years prior to the current presentation. Although abdominal computed tomography (CT) performed at that point had revealed a mature cystic teratoma measuring 6 cm in diameter in the right ovary, it was left untreated. She visited the department of surgery at our hospital with chief complaints of appetite loss, nausea, and vomiting that had persisted for the prior two weeks. She was admitted with a diagnosis of ileus attributed to an abdominal incisional hernia...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604129/severe-hyperandrogenemia-in-postmenopausal-woman-as-a-presentation-of-ovarian-hyperthecosis-case-report-and-mini-review-of-the-literature
#8
Adam Czyzyk, Justyna Latacz, Dorota Filipowicz, Agnieszka Podfigurna, Rafal Moszynski, Piotr Jasinski, Stefan Sajdak, Michal Gaca, Andrea R Genazzani, Blazej Meczekalski
Ovarian hyperthecosis (OH) is characterized by the presence of abundant luteinized theca cells in ovaries that secret androgen. It typically presents as severe hyperandrogenism and/or virilization in postmenopausal woman. Here we describe a 66-year old woman with presentation of severe hirsutism, alopecia, clitoromegaly and laboratory finding of significantly elevated serum total testosterone concentration and hyperinsulinemia. Performed imaging studies revealed normal sized, homogeneous ovaries, signs of endometrial hypertrophy and normal adrenal glands...
June 11, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599482/an-unusual-case-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-associated-with-synchronous-primary-mucinous-tumors-of-the-ovary-and-appendix-a-case-report
#9
Dong Soo Suh, Yong Jung Song, Byung Su Kwon, Sul Lee, Nam Kyung Lee, Kyung Un Choi, Ki Hyung Kim
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare disease that usually originates from mucinous neoplasms of the appendix and, less commonly, from extra-appendiceal tumors, but it may also be caused by synchronous primary mucinous tumors of the ovary and appendix. The current study discusses the case of a 73-year-old female who presented with progressively worsening indigestion and abdominal distension. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis revealed a large cystic mass with a thin enhancing septa arising from the right ovary and ascites with scalloping of the liver surface...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598117/-expression-level-of-membrane-associated-proteins-numb-in-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma-and-its-relationship
#10
Hong Jing, Xiao-Yu Liu, Ya-Li Chen, Li-Ping Bai, Ai Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To explore the expression level of membrane-associated protein Numb in epithelial ovarian carcinoma and its relationship with ovarian cancer stem cell markers CD117,CD133,acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 1(ALDH1). METHODS: A total of 136 patients who had ovarian tumors and 22 patients who had not ovarian tumors in Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics,West China Second University Hospital,Sichuan University were chosen as the study subjects.According to the histopathologic examination results,they were divided into epithelial ovarian carcinoma group (n=92),ovarian borderline tumor group (n=23),ovarian benign tumor group (n=21) and normal ovary group (n=22)...
November 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593778/-current-figo-staging-classification-for-cancer-of-ovary-fallopian-tube-and-peritoneum
#11
I Šišovská, L Minář, M Felsinger, M Anton, M Bednaříková, J Hausnerová, E Jandáková, V Weinberger
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic high-grade serous carcinomas (HGSCs) include carcinoma of ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. Five-year survival, irrespective of the stage, is between 35-40%. Most patients are diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease. The new revised and expanded dualistic model of ovarian carcinogenesis shows that type II tumors are composed for the most part of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma, carcinosarcoma, undifferentiated carcinoma and can be further subdivided into morphologic and molecular subtypes...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591336/prognostic-factors-affecting-outcomes-in-multivisceral-en-bloc-resection-for-colorectal-cancer
#12
Caio Sergio Rizkallah Nahas, Sergio Carlos Nahas, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Leonardo Bustamante-Lopez, Carlos Frederico Sparapan Marques, Rodrigo Ambar Pinto, Antonio Rocco Imperiale, Guilherme Cutait Cotti, William Carlos Nahas, Daher Cezar Chade, Dariane Sampaio Piato, Fabio Busnardo, Ivan Cecconello
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the clinical and pathological factors associated with perioperative morbidity, mortality and oncological outcomes after multivisceral en bloc resection in patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between January 2009 and February 2014, 105 patients with primary colorectal cancer selected for multivisceral resection were identified from a prospective database. Clinical and pathological factors, perioperative morbidity and mortality and outcomes were obtained from medical records...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580886/normal-developmental-and-estrous-cycle-dependent-histological-features-of-the-female-reproductive-organs-in-microminipigs
#13
Akihisa Kangawa, Masayoshi Otake, Satoko Enya, Toshinori Yoshida, Masatoshi Shibata
The microminipig has become an increasingly attractive animal model for various experimental practices because of its manageable size; however, studies of the histological features of the female reproductive organs in microminipigs are limited. The present study investigates the sexual development of the reproductive organs and the cyclical changes during the estrous cycle in female microminipigs. The ovaries, oviducts, uteri, and vaginal tissues from 33 animals aged 0 to 26 months were utilized in this study...
January 1, 2017: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579889/phenylethanoid-glycosides-of-cistanche-on-menopausal-syndrome-model-in-mice
#14
Shuo Tian, Mingsan Miao, Ming Bai, Zhenzhen Wei
Cistanche is the traditional and precious Chinese herbal, with two thousand years of use history in China. It has the effect on tonifying kidney, strong supplement to the liver and kidney, and replenishing essence and blood, known as the "desert ginseng". Here, we explored the mechanism of Phenylethanoid Glycosides of Cistanche (PGC) to the model mice of menopausal syndrome, as well as the therapeutic effect and characteristics of PGC to the menopausal syndrome. In this study, KM mice were reproduced by the complete resection of the ovaries on both sides of the back to establish the model mice of menopausal syndrome (MPS), and received distilled water or drugs, respectively...
May 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578183/central-precocious-puberty-secondary-to-adrenocortical-adenoma-in-a-female-child-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Betül Ersoy, Deniz Kizilay, Hasan Çayirli, Peyker Temiz, Cüneyt Günşar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric adrenocortical tumors are rare but significant causes of virilization and peripheral precocious puberty (PPP). CASE: A 4-year-old girl presented with development of breast, pubic hair, and facial acne. Her bone age was advanced, and gonadotropins did not elevate in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) test. High levels of dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, estradiol, and testosterone and detection of a tumor in the left adrenal gland of the abdomen by computed tomography led to a diagnosis of PPP due to adrenal tumor...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571142/clinicopathological-evaluation-of-223-cases-of-mature-cystic-teratoma-ovary-25-year-experience-in-a-single-tertiary-care-centre-in-india
#16
Ruchi Rathore, Sonal Sharma, Deepshikha Arora
INTRODUCTION: Mature Cystic Teratoma (MCT) is the most common benign neoplasm of the ovary constituting 10-20% of all the ovarian tumours. Although, much has been published about ovarian teratomas, in English literature, there are very few retrospective cross sectional studies from India to understand the epidemiology of the disease. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence, clinicopathological characteristics and complications of MCT of the ovary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 223 cases of MCT of ovary received over a period of 25 years from 1990 to 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569589/cytokine-signal-suppressor-socs-1-1478-ca-del-gene-polymorphism-in-turkish-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#17
Ozen Oz Gul, Soner Cander, Cuma Bulent Gul, Ferah Budak, Barbaros Oral, Canan Ersoy
Eighty-four subjects, premenopausal female patients (n = 42, mean (SD) age: 26.4 (4.2) years) diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and age-matched healthy volunteers (n = 42, mean (SD) age: 27.6(3.4) years), were included in this study. Data on physical examination, anthropometric measurements and blood biochemistry analysis were recorded for each subject along with analysis for SOCS1-1478 CA/del polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. The relation of SOCS1-1478 CA/del polymorphism to PCOS status and insulin resistance was analysed via logistic regression analysis...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559086/laparoscopic-intervention-in-acute-crohn-s-disease-involving-an-ovary
#18
Iwona Gawron, Lukasz Chmura, Dariusz Adamek, Krzysztof Skotniczny, Kazimierz Pityński, Artur Ludwin
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that may involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Acute manifestations in female internal reproductive organs are rare and have been described in only a few cases. A 27-year-old nulligravida diagnosed with CD presented with pelvic pain, fever, and a palpable mass (confirmed by ultrasound) in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen. She underwent diagnostic laparoscopy because of worsening symptoms suggestive of a tubo-ovarian abscess. The right adnexa were excised after adhesiolysis...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553925/-adnexal-torsion-in-a-six-year-old-girl
#19
Lubna Sabah
Adnexal torsion is a rare condition but should be considered in any female patient with acute-onset lower abdominal pain regardless of age. In this case report a six-year-old girl presented with four days of lower abdominal pain. On suspicion of acute appendicitis a diagnostic laparoscopy was performed and showed left-sided adnexal torsion. The ovary was detorsed, and one third of the ovary was resected. A transabdominal ultrasound three months after surgery showed no signs of pathology.
May 29, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551304/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-understanding-the-role-of-the-brain
#20
REVIEW
Aleisha M Moore, Rebecca E Campbell
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent endocrine disorder and the leading cause of anovulatory infertility. Characterised by hyperandrogenism, menstrual dysfunction and polycystic ovaries, PCOS is a broad-spectrum disorder unlikely to stem from a single common origin. Although commonly considered an ovarian disease, the brain is now a prime suspect in both the ontogeny and pathology of PCOS. We discuss here the neuroendocrine impairments present in PCOS that implicate involvement of the brain and review evidence gained from pre-clinical models of the syndrome about the specific brain circuitry involved...
July 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
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