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American Academy of Otolaryngology

Kara D Meister, Peter M Vila, Juliana Bonilla-Velez, Merry Sebelik, Lisa A Orloff
OBJECTIVES: The applications of using ultrasound for the evaluation and management of otolaryngologic diagnoses are expanding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current experience of ultrasound training in otolaryngology residency programs. METHODS: All allopathic and osteopathic otolaryngology residency programs in the United States were surveyed online via an e-mailed survey link to the resident representatives of the Section for Residents and Fellows in Training of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Derek J Lam, Steven A Shea, Edward M Weaver, Ron B Mitchell
STUDY OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the predictors for obtaining polysomnography (PSG) in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy (AT) for sleep-disordered breathing, and (2) to estimate the adherence to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) guideline recommendations for pre-AT PSG. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children who were seen in the Pediatric Otolaryngology Clinic and underwent AT for sleep-disordered breathing over a 13-month period at a single tertiary care children's hospital...
August 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Ju Yeon Kim, Sung Wan Byun, Seung-Ho Shin, Mi Sun Chun
BACKGROUND: When evaluating hearing disability in medicolegal cases, an average of thresholds at several frequencies is calculated using pure tone audiometry. Occasionally, there are instances in which thresholds at certain frequencies are omitted. One typical example is the threshold at 3 kHz (H3k). The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee on Hearing and Equilibrium (1995) suggested that the average of thresholds at 2 kHz and 4 kHz (H24k) could replace H3k for a comparison of results between studies...
2018: PloS One
Esther X Vivas, Nicholas J Panella, Kristen L Baugnon
Objectives To describe patient characteristics, audiometric outcomes, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal patterns in patients with suspected labyrinthine hemorrhage. Study Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary medical center. Subjects and Methods Radiology database was queried for terms related to labyrinth hemorrhage or labyrinthitis and then selected for patients in which labyrinthine hemorrhage was suspected in the report. Eleven patients were identified and all treated at our institution...
June 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Mitesh Patel
This article reviews the effectiveness of intratympanic corticosteroids for vertigo control in Ménière's disease at 2-years follow-up according to the guidelines expressed by the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Despite the increased use of intratympanic corticosteroids for vertigo control in Ménière's disease there is debate as to their effectiveness, particularly compared to gentamicin. Even so, after just a single course of injections, corticosteroids can reliably provide complete vertigo control (Class A) at 2-years in about 50% of cases as indicated in a recent double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial (Patel et al...
September 2017: Journal of Otology
Christopher C Xiao, Mitchell Anderson, Lucas D Harless, Jonathan Liang
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a prevalent illness in the United States that accounts for 18-22 million physician visits annually. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) has defined diagnostic criteria, but a recent study demonstrated that nearly all patients diagnosed by nonspecialists did not meet these criteria. In this study we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic rate of CRS by primary care physicians and otolaryngologists. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a random sample of adult patients diagnosed with CRS in 2016, based on ICD-10 codes from primary care and otolaryngology departments...
June 14, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Jennifer A Kosty, Shawn M Stevens, Yair M Gozal, Vincent A DiNapoli, Smruti K Patel, Justin S Golub, Norberto O Andaluz, Myles Pensak, Mario Zuccarello, Ravi N Samy
BACKGROUND: The middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach is a challenging surgical technique for the resection of small and intermediate sized, primarily intracanalicular, vestibular schwannomas (VS), with the goal of hearing preservation (HP). OBJECTIVE: To describe a decade-long, single institutional experience with the MCF approach for resection of VS. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 63 patients who underwent the MCF approach for resection of VS from 2006 to 2016...
June 8, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
G J Watson, M da Cruz
OBJECTIVE: This paper highlights the importance of reporting air-bone gap closure in stapes surgery according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery guidelines and reviews compliance in recent years. METHODS: A retrospective case series was conducted and the outcomes were reviewed. Closure of the air-bone gap was calculated in 204 adult patients using the aforementioned guidelines. Results were recalculated ignoring the Carhart phenomenon to determine any significant difference...
June 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
P X Wu, J Wang, W Y Li, H W Li
In 2008, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation(AAO-HNSF)published the first clinical practice guideline for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) based on evidence-based methodology. The primary purposes of this guideline were to improve quality of care and outcomes for BPPV by enhancing the accuracy and efficacy of diagnosis of BPPV, reduce the inappropriate use of vestibular suppressant, and decrease the inappropriate use of ancillary examinations. The guideline was updated in 2017...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Vinay K Rathi, Matthew R Naunheim, Mark A Varvares, Kenneth Holmes, Nancy Gagliano, Christopher J Hartnick
Following passage of the 2015 Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act, most clinicians caring for Medicare Part B patients were required to participate in a new value-based reimbursement system known as the Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) beginning in 2017. The MIPS adjusts payment rates to providers based on a composite score of performance across 4 categories: quality, advancing care information, clinical practice improvement activities, and resource use. However, factors such as practice size, setting, informational capabilities, and patient population may pose challenges as otolaryngologists endeavor to adapt to this broad-reaching payment reform...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Li-Hua Chen, Hong-Tian Zhang, Ru-Xiang Xu, Li Zhang, Wen-De Li, Kai Sun
Most patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) have bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS). Through reviewing surgical method and clinical outcomes, we tried to find out a strategy for treatments in NF2 patients with VS.We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed pathological NF2 and have had microsurgery (MS) for VS in the PLA Army General Hospital. Seventeen patients were included from January 2000 to December 2016. Fifteen patients had progressive hearing impairment, and 7 ears were totally deaf...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Raphaële Quatre, Arnaud Attyé, Alexandre Karkas, Agnès Job, Georges Dumas, Sébastien Schmerber
OBJECTIVES: Meniere's disease is an inner ear disorder generally attributed to an endolymphatic hydrops. Different electrophysiological tests and imaging techniques have been developed to improve endolymphatic hydrops diagnosis. The goal of our study was to compare the sensitivity and the specificity of delayed inner ear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after intravenous injection of gadolinium with extratympanic clicks electrocochleography (EcochG), phase shift of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (shift-DPOAEs), and cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMP) for the diagnosis of Meniere's disease...
April 25, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Katherine A Lees, Nicole M Tombers, Michael J Link, Colin L Driscoll, Brian A Neff, Jamie J Van Gompel, John I Lane, Christine M Lohse, Matthew L Carlson
Objective (1) Assess 3-dimensional volumetric growth of untreated sporadic vestibular schwannomas (VSs) in a large cohort of patients treated with conservative observation. (2) Compare volumetric and conventional linear diameter measurements for detecting tumor growth. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary skull base referral center. Subjects and Methods Patients with sporadic VS who elected initial conservative treatment with at least 2 serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were included...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jad Jabbour, Karl W Doerfer, Thomas Robey, Michael J Cunningham
Objectives To describe trends in disparities research within pediatric otolaryngology as evidenced by major meeting presentations and to compare observed trends with those in the realm of patient safety and quality improvement (PSQI). Study Design Retrospective review of presentations at national otolaryngology meetings. Setting Online review of meeting programs. Subjects and Methods Meeting programs from the American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Triological Society, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, and Society for Ear, Nose and Throat Advances in Children from 2003 to 2016 were manually searched for pediatric oral and poster presentations addressing disparities and socioeconomic determinants of health, as well as PSQI...
July 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Christine M Clark, Jane R Schubart, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To define current practices in management of secondary post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) in children by pediatric and general otolaryngologists. INTRODUCTION: Bleeding after tonsillectomy is common. Our goal was to describe management methods across the U.S. METHODS: Questions regarding perioperative management and treatment in response to three hypothetical cases featuring secondary post-tonsillectomy bleeding were posed via REDCap survey...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Laurie Newton, Amanda Kotowski, Melissa Grinker, Robert Chun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this project were two-fold: 1) To assess pediatric primary care (PCP), pediatric otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric urgent care (UC) providers' perception of their adherence to the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) in children 1-18 years old and 2) to assess the same providers' practice patterns in the diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Samantha Anne, Richard Rosenfeld
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) inform patient care by providing recommendations based on a thorough examination of risks and benefits of medical care or intervention. With the ever-increasing importance placed on shared decision making, and because of the valuable perspective on patient-related topics and patient-centered outcomes, consumers of health care have been incorporated in the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation CPG development process. Consumers bring a unique perspective and add transparency to the guideline development process...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Vinay Prabhu, Douglas Kondziolka, Travis C Hill, Carolina G Benjamin, Matthew S Shinseki, John G Golfinos, J Thomas Roland, Girish M Fatterpekar
BACKGROUND: Hearing preservation is a goal for many patients with vestibular schwannoma. We examined pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and posttreatment hearing outcome after stereotactic radiosurgery. METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, a cohort of 125 consecutive patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) treated via stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) were retrospectively reviewed. MRIs containing three-dimensional constructive interference in steady state or equivalent within 1 year before treatment were classified by two radiologists for pretreatment characteristics...
June 2018: Otology & Neurotology
James C Denneny, Jean Brereton, Lisa Satterfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Chau T Nguyen
Burnout is increasingly recognized as an issue of major importance affecting physicians of all ages and disciplines and thereby patients, systems, and health care in general. At the 2017 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting, the scope of burnout in medicine was addressed, along with systematic issues that remain. While changing the culture of medicine and health systems to address this is needed, what strategies can health care providers use in their everyday lives to lessen the impact of burnout? Integrative medicine with its focus on wholeness of patient care, including the emotional, mental, social, and spiritual domains of health, is uniquely positioned in arming physicians with sets of tools to help them navigate patients to better health and healing...
June 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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