Read by QxMD icon Read

American Academy of Otolaryngology

Kai-Chieh Chan, Che-Ming Wu, Wan-Ling Ho, Ping-Chin Lai
The etiology of Ménière disease (MD) is multifactorial; genetic factors seem to play an important role. The associations between MD and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) status have been studied previously in several populations and have shown that the HLA alleles imparting susceptibility varied. In the present study, we explored HLA status in Taiwanese patients with definitive MD. HLA was typed via polymerase chain reaction, sequence-specific oligonucleotide genotyping in 35 patients with MD diagnosed using the criteria of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and 70 unrelated healthy controls...
December 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Ravina Kullar, Julia Frisenda, Paul S Nassif
Background: With antimicrobial resistance a global threat, optimizing antibiotic usage across the surgical continuum is vital. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation recently published the first guidelines addressing management in rhinoplasty. The authors reviewed pertinent literature on the role of systemic antibiotics in rhinoplasty and septorhinoplasty. Methods: The authors performed a MEDLINE search through PubMed using the key terms rhinoplasty, septorhinoplasty, infection, antimicrobials, and antibiotics...
October 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Douglas B Chepeha
BACKGROUND: Surgeons have developed various reconstructive techniques to minimize the rate of pharyngocutaneous fistula and optimize functional outcome after salvage laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective review at 33 institutions of 486 patients with a history of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the larynx or hypopharynx previously treated with primary chemoradiotherapy (CRT) who required salvage surgery. Outcomes evaluated were overall fistula rate, fistula requiring reoperation, and 12-month speech and swallowing function...
December 3, 2018: Head & Neck
Kaitian Chen, Lanying Wen, Ling Zong, Min Liu, Jincangjian Sun, Xuan Wu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the hearing outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss resulting from inner ear hemorrhage. METHODS: 42 patients (22 male and 20 female) were recruited from January 2016 to December 2017. Intravenous methylprednisolone and/or intratympanic corticosteroid were used as salvage therapy. The main measures included systemic risk factors and audiometric outcomes as proposed by American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Hearing Loss Scale...
September 26, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Mason Skinner, Daniel Tritz, Clayton Farahani, Andrew Ross, Tom Hamilton, Matt Vassar
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery regards randomized controlled trials as class A evidence. A novel method to determine the robustness of outcomes in trials is the fragility index. This index represents the number of patients whose status would have to change from a non-event to an event to make a statistically significant result non-significant. METHODS: Investigators included otolaryngology journals listed in the top 10 of one or both of Google Scholar Metrics and Clarivate Analytics' Journal rankings...
October 22, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Antoinette Esce, David A Rodeberg, David H Rothstein, Marybeth Browne, Derek Wakeman
BACKGROUND: Team training programs adapt crew resource management principles from aviation to foster communication and prevent medical errors. Although multiple studies have demonstrated that team training programs such as TeamSTEPPS improve patient outcomes and safety across medical disciplines, limited data exist about their application to pediatric surgical teams. The purpose of this study was to investigate usage and perceptions of team training programs by pediatric surgeons and anesthesiologists...
December 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
Beatrice Emmanouil, Rory Houston, Anne May, James D Ramsden, C Oliver Hanemann, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry, Samuel Mackeith
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: This study set out to describe the progression of hearing loss in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), treated in a quaternary multidisciplinary clinic. It also aimed to compare hearing loss across patients grouped according to a known genetic severity score to explore its utility for prognostication. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: We conducted a study of 147 patients with confirmed NF2 diagnosis for a mean observational period of 10 years...
November 19, 2018: Laryngoscope
Lokesh Shah, Jobayer Hossain, Shirlly Xie, Joshua Zaritsky
BACKGROUND: Children who were born prematurely, those with a very low birthweight, or who have survived the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at risk for the development of hypertension and chronic kidney disease (CKD), and thus require blood pressure screening less than 3 years of age, per American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2004 and 2017 guidelines. METHODS: We reviewed the practice patterns of a large pediatric health care system and assessed adherence to the AAP clinical practice guidelines on blood pressure measurements in children less than 3 years of age for hypertension and CKD with the following risk factors: prematurity, very low birthweight, and a neonatal intensive care setting encounter...
November 7, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Daniel P Ballard, Daniel C Sukato, Alisa Timashpolsky, Seilesh C Babu, Richard M Rosenfeld, Matthew Hanson
Objective Several surgical interventions are offered to patients with Ménière's disease (MD) who fail medical management. Although outcomes have historically been reported according to American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery guidelines, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are increasingly used to evaluate treatments. This study reviews PROMs used to assess surgical treatments for MD and compares the effect of each intervention based on PROM scores. Data Sources PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Web of Science...
October 9, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Nicholas J Scalzitti, Kathleen M Sarber
Sleep-disordered breathing has a prevalence of 12% in the pediatric population. It represents a spectrum of disorders encompassing abnormalities of the upper airway that lead to sleep disruption, including primary snoring, obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea, and sleep-related hypoventilation. Sleep-disordered breathing is the most common indication for adenotonsillectomy, one of the most common procedures performed in children. In recent years, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists have crafted guidelines to help safely manage children with sleep-disordered breathing...
November 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
John Murfee, Brendan O'Connell, David Haynes, Alejandro Rivas, Matthew Dedmon, Marc Bennett
BACKGROUND: Theoretical disadvantages are associated with the use of heat-crimped piston prostheses in stapedotomy. Loose crimping could result in prosthesis displacement or slippage. Alternatively, overly tight crimping may cause trauma to the incus with resultant necrosis. OBJECTIVES: 1) Analyze outcomes of patients undergoing stapedotomy with heat-activated piston-style prostheses, and 2) compare outcomes between prostheses made by different manufacturers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective...
September 19, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Thijs M A van Dongen, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Anne G M Schilder
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One in two children treated with tympanostomy tubes, experience episodes of otorrhea whilst their tubes are in place. In this review, we present the results of the most recent publications on prevention and treatment of tympanostomy tube otorrhea (TTO). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent systematic reviews on water precautions for children with tympanostomy tubes support the American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery guideline recommendation against such preventive measures as there is no evidence that it protects against TTO...
December 2018: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Amrit K Chiluwal, Alyssa Rothman, Maja Svrakic, Amir R Dehdashti
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is no consensus in the initial management of small vestibular schwannomas (VSs). They are routinely watched and/or referred for radiosurgical treatment, although surgical removal is also an option. We hereby evaluate clinical outcomes of patients who have undergone surgical removal of smaller symptomatic VSs. METHODS: Patients with vestibular schwannomas (grade T1-T3b according to Hannover classification) were reviewed. Patients with symptomatic tumors who underwent surgery were evaluated...
September 18, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, C Faccioli, S Gallo, L Denaro, D D'Avella, A Martini, A Mazzoni
The current treatment options for acoustic neuromas (AN) - observation, microsurgery and radiotherapy - should assure no additional morbidity on cranial nerves VII and VIII. Outcomes in terms of disease control and facial function are similar, while the main difference lies in hearing. From 2012 to 2016, 91 of 169 patients (54%) met inclusion criteria for the present study, being diagnosed with unilateral, sporadic, intrameatal or extrameatal AN up to 1 cm in the cerebello-pontine angle; the remaining 78 patients (46%) had larger AN and were all addressed to surgery...
August 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
L Roque Reis, M Donato, G Almeida, L Castelhano, P Escada
The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies in which hearing outcomes after primary stapes surgery have been reported. After the surgical procedure, the effectiveness of stapes surgery using nickel titanium (Nitinol) or other prostheses were systematically compared and evaluated using a meta-analytic method. A systematic search for articles before January 2017 in Embase, Medline and Cochrane Library databases was conducted. Only articles in English were included...
August 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Peta-Lee Sacks, Richard J Harvey, Janet Rimmer, Richard M Gallagher, Raymond Sacks
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disorder of the nose and sinuses. Since fungi were postulated as a potential cause of CRS in the late 1990s, there has been increasing controversy about the use of both topical and systemic antifungal agents in its management. Although interaction between the immune system and fungus has been demonstrated in CRS, this does not necessarily imply that fungi are the cause of CRS or that antifungals will be effective its management...
September 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shivani Shah-Becker, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has published an evidence-based clinical practice guideline for the management of acute otitis media (AOM), most recently revised in 2013. This study aims to assess current practice patterns and how they compare to the published guideline. METHODS: An 11 question survey addressing topics included in the 2013 AAP AOM guidelines was mailed to 196 practicing pediatricians. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square and ANOVA testing...
October 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Qingyun Duan, Mei Xu, Xiong Zhang, Muyun Jia, Rongtao Yuan, Min Gan
The present study aims to analyze the expression of broad spectrum cytokeratin in the cervical lymph nodes of patients with mandibular gingival squamous cell carcinoma and explore the metastasis of mandibular gingival squamous cell carcinoma in cervical lymph nodes. This study included 42 patients with mandibular gingival squamous cell carcinoma, which was staged according to the clinical staging criteria by International Union Against Cancer 2002 (UICC) and the Level staging method of cervical lymph node by American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 1991...
September 2018: Oncology Letters
Kara D Meister, Peter M Vila, Juliana Bonilla-Velez, Merry Sebelik, Lisa A Orloff
OBJECTIVES: The applications of using ultrasound for the evaluation and management of otolaryngologic diagnoses are expanding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current experience of ultrasound training in otolaryngology residency programs. METHODS: All allopathic and osteopathic otolaryngology residency programs in the United States were surveyed online via an e-mailed survey link to the resident representatives of the Section for Residents and Fellows in Training of the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery...
August 12, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Derek J Lam, Steven A Shea, Edward M Weaver, Ron B Mitchell
STUDY OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the predictors for obtaining polysomnography (PSG) in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy (AT) for sleep-disordered breathing, and (2) to estimate the adherence to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) guideline recommendations for pre-AT PSG. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of children who were seen in the Pediatric Otolaryngology Clinic and underwent AT for sleep-disordered breathing over a 13-month period at a single tertiary care children's hospital...
August 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"