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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319699/urdaibai-biosphere-reserve-biscay-spain-conservation-against-development
#1
Nekane Castillo-Eguskitza, Alejandro J Rescia, Miren Onaindia
The protected area approach has extended from conserving biodiversity to improving human well-being. However, the relationship between conservation and socioeconomic and cultural development continues to be controversial. This paper combines land use variables with socioeconomic and cultural variables through multivariate ordination analysis and evaluates their evolution in two areas inside and outside a Biosphere Reserve since the approval of the Governance Plan for Use and Management in the Reserve. The results indicate a similar tendency in the two areas, from the abandonment of traditional rural activities and decline in pine plantations to naturalness, urban sprawl and the growth of the tertiary economic sector, welfare indicators and sustainability index...
March 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298253/-nutrient-transfer-and-growth-of-pinus-greggii-engelm-inoculated-with-edible-ectomycorrhizal-mushrooms-in-two-substrates
#2
María C Rentería-Chávez, Jesús Pérez-Moreno, Víctor M Cetina-Alcalá, Ronald Ferrera-Cerrato, Beatriz Xoconostle-Cázares
An ectomycorrhiza is a mutualistic symbiosis of paramount importance in forestry and tree production. One of the selection criteria of ectomycorrhizal fungi that has currently gained importance is their edibility due to the economic, ecological and cultural relevance of edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms as a non-timber forest product. The effect of the inoculation with three edible ectomycorrhizal mushrooms: Laccaria laccata, Laccaria bicolor y Hebeloma leucosarx, which are widely sold in Mexico, on the growth and nutrient contents of Pinus greggii grown in an experimental substrate and a commercial substrate enriched with a slow-release fertilizer, was evaluated...
March 12, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296766/evaluation-of-socioeconomic-status-as-a-risk-factor-of-pterygium-using-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2011-a-strobe-compliant-article
#3
Young Bok Lee, Su Young Kim, Yong Gyu Park, Kyung Do Han, Jin-Wou Kim, Hiun Suk Chae, Young Chun Lee
Pterygium is a common conjunctival disorder. The socioeconomic risk factors of pterygium have not been systematically evaluated in Korea. The study investigated risk factors of pterygium considering socioeconomic status.Participants were 9839 adults aged 19 to 74 years, who underwent ophthalmic slit-lamp examinations as part of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010 to 2011. Pterygium was diagnosed as a growth of fibrovascular tissue over the cornea. The socioeconomic risk factors were analyzed in association with the presence of pterygium...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295561/effects-of-national-level-forest-management-regimes-on-non-protected-forests-of-the-himalaya
#4
Jodi S Brandt, Teri Allendorf, Volker Radeloff, Jeremy Brooks
Globally, deforestation continues, and while protected areas are effective at protecting forests, the majority of forests are not in protected areas. This raises the question how effective are different management regimes to avoid deforestation in non-protected forests. Our objective was to assess the ability of different national-level forest management regimes to safeguard forests outside of protected areas. We compared 2000-2014 deforestation rates across the temperate forests of five countries in the Himalaya (Bhutan, Nepal, China, India, and Myanmar) of which only 13% are protected...
March 15, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288689/a-multidisciplinary-integrated-approach-for-the-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-historically-hyper-endemic-region-in-the-lower-reaches-of-the-yangtze-river-china-from-2005-to-2014
#5
Le-Ping Sun, Wei Wang, Yin-Ping Zuo, Qing-Biao Hong, Guang-Lin Du, Yu-Cai Ma, Jian Wang, Guo-Jing Yang, Dao-Jian Zhu, You-Sheng Liang
BACKGROUND: Although great success has been achieved, schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern in China, and the remaining core endemic regions are concentrated along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In this longitudinal study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, integrated approach for schistosomiasis elimination in a historically hyper-endemic region in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China over the 10-year period from 2005 through 2014...
March 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284136/the-importance-of-socio-ecological-system-dynamics-in-understanding-adaptation-to-global-change-in-the-forestry-sector
#6
Victor Blanco, Calum Brown, Sascha Holzhauer, Gregor Vulturius, Mark D A Rounsevell
Adaptation is necessary to cope with or take advantage of the effects of climate change on socio-ecological systems. This is especially important in the forestry sector, which is sensitive to the ecological and economic impacts of climate change, and where the adaptive decisions of owners play out over long periods of time. Relatively little is known about how successful these decisions are likely to be in meeting demands for ecosystem services in an uncertain future. We explore adaptation to global change in the forestry sector using CRAFTY-Sweden; an agent-based model that represents large-scale land-use dynamics, based on the demand and supply of ecosystem services...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281132/the-relationship-between-terrain-and-rural-migration-1965-2013-on-the-north-of-turkey-the-case-of-kastamonu
#7
Seda Erkan Buğday, Sezgin Özden
Migration is one of the most important issues in Turkey today. Notably, the state forest enterprises are affected by the social, economic, and ecological dimensions of migration; these enterprises find it increasingly difficult to find labor to operate effectively in the forestry activities with each passing day. This study examined population movement over the 1965-2013 period in Kastamonu forest villages to assess how topographical factors affected this movement. Kastamonu is the province in which most of Turkey's forest products are produced, and 99% of the province's rural population consists of forest villagers...
April 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276639/what-actually-is-the-m%C3%A3-nch-hypothesis-a-short-history-of-assimilate-transport-by-mass-flow
#8
REVIEW
Michael Knoblauch, Winfried S Peters
In the 1920ies, the German forestry scientists Ernst Münch postulated that photo-assimilate transport is a mass flow driven by osmotically-induced pressure gradients between source organs (high turgor) and sink organs (lower turgor). Two crucial components of Münch's hypothesis, the translocation by mass flow from sources to sinks and the osmotic mechanism of pressure flow, were established notions at the time, but had been developed by two institutionally separated groups of scholars. A conceptual separation of whole-plant biology from cellular physiology had followed the institutional separation of forestry science from botany in German-speaking central Europe during the so-called Humboldtian reforms, and was reinforced by the delayed institutionalization of plant physiology as an academic discipline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275850/analysis-of-swedish-forest-owners-information-and-knowledge-sharing-networks-for-decision-making-insights-for-climate-change-communication-and-adaptation
#9
Karin André, Julia Baird, Åsa Gerger Swartling, Gregor Vulturius, Ryan Plummer
To further the understanding of climate change adaptation processes, more attention needs to be paid to the various contextual factors that shape whether and how climate-related knowledge and information is received and acted upon by actors involved. This study sets out to examine the characteristics of forest owners' in Sweden, the information and knowledge-sharing networks they draw upon for decision-making, and their perceptions of climate risks, their forests' resilience, the need for adaptation, and perceived adaptive capacity...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265023/linearized-simulation-of-flow-over-wind-farms-and-complex-terrains
#10
Antonio Segalini
The flow over complex terrains and wind farms is estimated here by numerically solving the linearized Navier-Stokes equations. The equations are linearized around the unperturbed incoming wind profile, here assumed logarithmic. The Boussinesq approximation is used to model the Reynolds stress with a prescribed turbulent eddy viscosity profile. Without requiring the boundary-layer approximation, two new linear equations are obtained for the vertical velocity and the wall-normal vorticity, with a reduction in the computational cost by a factor of 8 when compared with a primitive-variables formulation...
April 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262963/gender-differences-in-occupations-and-complaints-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-representative-sample-of-south-korean-workers
#11
Jungsun Park, Bo-Young Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: The present study examines gender differences in occupations, occupational hazards, and musculoskeletal symptoms in Korean workers. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS). RESULTS: Relative to "managers," men who were "craft and related trades workers," "equipment, machine operating and assembling workers," and in "elementary occupations" were more likely to report back pain (ORs: 2...
March 6, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245933/greening-and-browning-of-the-himalaya-spatial-patterns-and-the-role-of-climatic-change-and-human-drivers
#12
Niti B Mishra, Kumar P Mainali
The reliable detection and attribution of changes in vegetation greenness is a prerequisite for the development of strategies for the sustainable management of ecosystems. We conducted a robust trend analysis on remote sensing derived vegetation index time-series matrices to detect significant changes in inter-annual vegetation productivity (greening versus browning) for the entire Himalaya, a biodiverse and ecologically sensitive yet understudied region. The spatial variability in trend was assessed considering elevation, 12 dominant land cover/use types and 10 ecoregions...
February 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238430/response-of-leptospermum-scoparium-kunzea-robusta-and-pinus-radiata-to-contrasting-biowastes
#13
J Esperschuetz, C Anderson, S Bulman, O Katamian, J Horswell, N M Dickinson, B H Robinson
The myrtaceae family has a cosmopolitan distribution and includes the Australasian native species Leptospermum scoparium (mānuka) and Kunzea robusta (kānuka), which are of economic interest for the production of high-value honey and essential oils. Potentially, these species could be established on low-fertility or degraded soils that have been amended with biowastes, including biosolids and sawdust. We aimed to determine the effect of these biowastes on nitrate leaching and the growth and chemical composition of these plant species compared to Pinus radiata (pine), a common forestry species...
February 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238122/amelioration-of-drought-induced-negative-responses-by-elevated-co2-in-field-grown-short-rotation-coppice-mulberry-morus-spp-a-potential-bio-energy-tree-crop
#14
Kalva Madhana Sekhar, Kanubothula Sitarami Reddy, Attipalli Ramachandra Reddy
Present study describes the responses of short rotation coppice (SRC) mulberry, a potential bio-energy tree, grown under interactive environment of elevated CO2 (E) and water stress (WS). Growth in E stimulated photosynthetic performance in well-watered (WW) as well as during WS with significant increases in light-saturated photosynthetic rates (A Sat), water use efficiency (WUEi), intercellular [CO2], and photosystem-II efficiency (F V/F M and ∆F/F M') with concomitant reduction in stomatal conductance (g s) and transpiration (E) compared to ambient CO2 (A) grown plants...
February 25, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237864/transcriptome-analysis-and-identification-of-induced-genes-in-the-response-of-harmonia-axyridis-to-cold-hardiness
#15
Bin Tang, Xiao-Jun Liu, Zuo-Kun Shi, Qi-Da Shen, Yan-Xia Xu, Su Wang, Fan Zhang, Shi-Gui Wang
Harmonia axyridis is an important predatory lady beetle that is a natural enemy of agricultural and forestry pests. In this research, the cold hardiness induced genes and their expression changes in H. axyridis were screened and detected by the way of the transcriptome and qualitative real-time PCR under normal and low temperatures, using high-throughput transcriptome and digital gene-expression-tag technologies. We obtained a 10Gb transcriptome and an 8Mb gene expression tag pool using Illumina deep sequencing technology and RNA-Seq analysis (accession number SRX540102)...
February 20, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237845/fuzzy-logic-applied-to-prospecting-for-areas-for-installation-of-wood-panel-industries
#16
Alexandre Rosa Dos Santos, Ewerthon Mattos Paterlini, Nilton Cesar Fiedler, Carlos Antonio Alvares Soares Ribeiro, Alexandre Simões Lorenzon, Getulio Fonseca Domingues, Gustavo Eduardo Marcatti, Nero Lemos Martins de Castro, Thaisa Ribeiro Teixeira, Gleissy Mary Amaral Dino Alves Dos Santos, Ronie Silva Juvanhol, Elvis Ricardo Figueira Branco, Pedro Henrique Santos Mota, Lilianne Gomes da Silva, Daiani Bernardo Pirovani, Waldir Cintra de Jesus, Ana Carolina de Albuquerque Santos, Helio Garcia Leite, Setsuo Iwakiri
Prospecting for suitable areas for forestry operations, where the objective is a reduction in production and transportation costs, as well as the maximization of profits and available resources, constitutes an optimization problem. However, fuzzy logic is an alternative method for solving this problem. In the context of prospecting for suitable areas for the installation of wood panel industries, we propose applying fuzzy logic analysis for simulating the planting of different species and eucalyptus hybrids in Espírito Santo State, Brazil...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235731/carbon-dynamics-on-agricultural-land-reverting-to-woody-land-in-ontario-canada
#17
Mihai F Voicu, Cindy Shaw, Werner A Kurz, Ted Huffman, Jiangui Liu, Max Fellows
The 2015 Paris Agreement reinforces the importance of the land sector and its contribution to greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions. Thus, there is growing interest in improving estimates of the GHG balance in response to land-use changes (LUCs) involving agriculture and forestry, for national-scale reporting, and for carbon (C) offsets. Large agricultural areas in Europe, Russia and North America are reverting to forest, either naturally or through planting, after abandonment of agricultural land, and this trend may have a substantial impact on carbon budgets...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231115/statistical-analysis-of-mineral-concentration-for-the-geographic-identification-of-garlic-samples-from-sicily-italy-tunisia-and-spain
#18
Rossella Vadalà, Antonio F Mottese, Giuseppe D Bua, Andrea Salvo, Domenico Mallamace, Carmelo Corsaro, Sebastiano Vasi, Salvatore V Giofrè, Maria Alfa, Nicola Cicero, Giacomo Dugo
We performed a statistical analysis of the concentration of mineral elements, by means of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), in different varieties of garlic from Spain, Tunisia, and Italy. Nubia Red Garlic (Sicily) is one of the most known Italian varieties that belongs to traditional Italian food products (P.A.T.) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry. The obtained results suggest that the concentrations of the considered elements may serve as geographical indicators for the discrimination of the origin of the different samples...
March 15, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230191/lung-gastric-and-colorectal-cancer-mortality-by-occupation-and-industry-among-working-aged-men-in-japan
#19
Hisashi Eguchi, Koji Wada, David Prieto-Merino, Derek R Smith
We examined occupational and industrial differences in lung, gastric, and colorectal cancer risk among Japanese men of working age (25-64 years) using the 2010 Japanese national survey data for occupation and industry-specific death rates. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the age-adjusted incident rate ratios by lung, gastric, and colorectal cancers, with manufacturing used as the referent occupation or industry. Unemployed Japanese men and those in manufacturing had an 8-11-fold increased risk of lung, gastric and colorectal cancer...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222925/linking-national-wood-consumption-with-global-biodiversity-and-ecosystem-service-losses
#20
Abhishek Chaudhary, L Roman Carrasco, Thomas Kastner
Identifying the global hotspots of forestry driven species, ecosystem services losses and informing the consuming nations of their environmental footprint domestically and abroad is essential to design demand side interventions and induce sustainable production methods. Here we first use countryside species area relationship model to project species extinctions of four vertebrate taxa (mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles) due to forest land use in 174 countries. We combine the projected extinctions with a global database on the monetary value of ecosystem services provided by different biomes and with bilateral trade data of wood products to calculate species extinctions and ecosystem services losses inflicted by national wood consumption and international wood trade...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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