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Uretheroscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20890874/-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-pcnl-in-a-9-year-old-patient-with-horseshoe-kidney
#1
F Ziglioli, S Ferretti, P Salsi, F Dinale, M Ciuffreda, D Campobasso, A Frattini
INTRODUCTION: The horseshoe kidney is the most frequent renal anomaly, with a prevalence of 0.25% and a male to female ratio of 3:1. Although the pathogenesis remains controversial, the consequences of the impaired urinary drainage are well known: up to two third of patients present with urinary stasis, infection and urolithiasis. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a successful procedure for urolithiasis in horseshoe kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 9-year-old patient with a 4-cm stone associated with horseshoe kidney underwent Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)...
April 2010: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18297861/-urolithiasis-and-pregnancy
#2
Primo Roberto Martínez, Silvia Rodríguez Colorado, Laura Escobar del Barco
Urolithiasis disease during pregnancy fortunately is a relatively rare disease; nevertheless many times it complicates the diagnosis and treatment. This paper reviews the safety and efficacy of both and their relationships with mother and fetus and proposes different options for the urologist, gynecologist, and urogynecologist for the attention of pregnant women with suspicion of urolithiasis. The ultrasound seems to be the first-choice method during the pregnancy; it is available in many health centers and does not require too much experience for its interpretation...
June 2007: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
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